CN112427440B - Cement waste treatment regenerating unit - Google Patents

Cement waste treatment regenerating unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112427440B
CN112427440B CN202011188927.4A CN202011188927A CN112427440B CN 112427440 B CN112427440 B CN 112427440B CN 202011188927 A CN202011188927 A CN 202011188927A CN 112427440 B CN112427440 B CN 112427440B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixedly arranged
side wall
pipe
water tank
gear
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CN202011188927.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112427440A (en
Inventor
骆秋蓉
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Longyan Xingconcrete Building Materials Co ltd
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Longyan Xingconcrete Building Materials Co ltd
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Priority to CN202011188927.4A priority Critical patent/CN112427440B/en
Publication of CN112427440A publication Critical patent/CN112427440A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C15/00Disintegrating by milling members in the form of rollers or balls co-operating with rings or discs
    • B02C15/003Shape or construction of discs or rings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C15/00Disintegrating by milling members in the form of rollers or balls co-operating with rings or discs
    • B02C15/004Shape or construction of rollers or balls
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C15/00Disintegrating by milling members in the form of rollers or balls co-operating with rings or discs
    • B02C15/006Ring or disc drive gear arrangement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2/00Crushing or disintegrating by gyratory or cone crushers
    • B02C2/005Lining
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • B07B1/30Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens jigging or moving to-and-fro within their own plane in or approximately in or transverse to the direction of conveyance
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/10Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity or by vibration
    • B08B3/102Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity or by vibration with means for agitating the liquid
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C15/00Disintegrating by milling members in the form of rollers or balls co-operating with rings or discs
    • B02C2015/008Roller drive arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/10Production of cement, e.g. improving or optimising the production methods; Cement grinding

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of cement waste treatment, in particular to a cement waste treatment regeneration device, which comprises a top plate, wherein upright posts are fixedly arranged at four corners of the top plate, a connecting shaft is rotatably arranged in an inner cavity of the top plate, an integrally formed crushing roller is arranged at the bottom end of the connecting shaft, an adaptive crushing cylinder is sleeved outside the crushing roller, a feeding hopper is fixedly arranged on the upper side wall of the crushing cylinder, a discharging pipe is fixedly arranged on the lower side wall of the crushing cylinder, integrally formed crushing blocks are uniformly arranged on the opposite side walls of the crushing roller and the crushing cylinder, a connecting ring is fixedly arranged on the outer side of the crushing cylinder, a fixing seat is rotatably arranged on the outer side of the connecting ring, each group of upright posts are rotatably connected with the fixing seat, a driving device is arranged on the upper side wall of the upright posts, and a screening box is arranged below the discharging pipe; compared with the prior art, the invention effectively utilizes the cement waste and avoids the problem that the cement waste pollutes the environment.

Description

Cement waste treatment regenerating unit
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of cement waste treatment, in particular to a cement waste treatment and regeneration device.
Background
In the production activities of construction industry such as removal, construction, decoration, repair and the like, a large amount of cement waste is often generated, if the urban attractiveness is affected due to improper treatment, a large amount of dust is mixed in the cement waste, and when the weather is dry, a large amount of dust pollution is easily caused, and meanwhile, the water resource is polluted in rainy and snowy weather.
At present, cement waste is generally treated in a direct landfill mode, so that not only can the cement waste not be effectively utilized, but also serious pollution can be caused to soil and underground water resources.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the defects in the prior art and provides a cement waste material treatment and regeneration device.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the cement waste treatment and regeneration device comprises a top plate, wherein upright posts are fixedly arranged at four corners of the top plate, a connecting shaft is rotatably arranged in an inner cavity of the top plate, an integrally formed crushing roller is arranged at the bottom end of the connecting shaft, an adaptive crushing cylinder is sleeved outside the crushing roller, a feeding hopper is fixedly arranged on the upper side wall of the crushing cylinder, a discharging pipe is fixedly arranged on the lower side wall of the crushing cylinder, crushing blocks which are integrally formed are uniformly arranged on the opposite side walls of the crushing cylinder, a connecting ring is fixedly arranged on the outer side of the crushing cylinder, a fixing seat is rotatably arranged on the outer side of the connecting ring, each group of upright posts are rotatably connected with the fixing seat, a driving device is arranged on the upper side wall of the upright posts, a screening box is arranged below the discharging pipe, a material leakage hole is uniformly formed in the lower side wall of the screening box, the left side wall of the screening bin is fixedly provided with a connecting plate, the lower side wall of the connecting plate and the lower side wall of the screening bin are uniformly and fixedly provided with idler wheels, a first guide rail is arranged below the connecting plate, a second guide rail is arranged below the idler wheels corresponding to the bottom end of the screening bin, idler wheel grooves matched with the idler wheels are formed above the second guide rail and the first guide rail, vibrating devices are arranged on the front side and the rear side of the screening bin, a receiving hopper is arranged below the screening bin, a blanking pipe is fixedly arranged at the center of the bottom end of the receiving hopper, diagonal braces are uniformly and fixedly arranged on the periphery of the lower side wall of the receiving hopper, the diagonal braces are fixedly connected with the stand column, a conveying motor is arranged below the second guide rail, a motor seat is fixedly arranged on the lower side wall of the conveying motor, the motor seat is fixedly connected with the stand column, the output end of the conveying motor is fixedly provided with a spiral conveying blade, the outer side of the spiral conveying blade is provided with a conveying pipe, the spiral conveying blade is rotatably arranged in the inner cavity of the conveying pipe, the conveying pipe is fixedly provided with a water tank at the outer side of the conveying pipe, the conveying pipe penetrates through the water tank, the outer side wall of the conveying pipe positioned in the inner cavity of the water tank is uniformly provided with through holes, the automatic water distribution device is characterized in that a receiving hopper which is communicated is fixedly arranged on the left side of the top end of the conveying pipe, a discharging pipe which is communicated is fixedly arranged on the right end of the conveying pipe, a water inlet pipe is fixedly arranged on the upper side wall of the water tank, a water distribution pipe is uniformly and fixedly arranged on the lower side wall of the water inlet pipe, the water distribution pipe penetrates through the upper side wall of the water tank and extends to the inner cavity of the water tank, and a sewage discharging device is arranged in the inner cavity of the water tank.
Preferably, the driving device comprises a double-shaft motor, a second gear is fixedly arranged at the conveying end of one side of the double-shaft motor, and a first gear meshed with the second gear is fixedly arranged at the top end of the connecting shaft.
Preferably, the output end of the double-shaft motor far away from one side of the second gear is fixedly provided with a fifth gear, the inner cavity of the top plate is rotationally provided with a transmission shaft, the upper side wall of the transmission shaft is fixedly provided with a fourth gear meshed with the fifth gear, the outer side of the transmission shaft is rotationally provided with a connecting block, the connecting block is fixedly connected with the upright post, one end of the transmission shaft far away from the fourth gear is fixedly provided with a third gear, the outer side of the crushing cylinder is fixedly provided with a driving ring, and the outer side of the driving ring is fixedly provided with a toothed ring meshed with the third gear.
Preferably, the right side of sieve workbin fixed mounting has the row workbin, the top fixed mounting of gyro wheel has the apron, the inner chamber of apron seted up with the feed port of discharging pipe looks adaptation.
Preferably, the vibrating device comprises a sliding block, the sliding block is fixedly arranged on the rear side wall of the screening box, a sliding rod is fixedly arranged on the front side wall of the screening box, side plates are slidably arranged on the outer sides of the sliding rod and the sliding block, the two groups of side plates are fixedly connected with the upright posts, and springs are sleeved on the outer sides of the sliding rod.
Preferably, a motor is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the side plate, which is far away from the sieving box, on the rear side, a turntable is fixedly arranged at the output end of the motor, and a pushing shaft is uniformly and fixedly arranged on the front side wall of the turntable.
Preferably, the sewage draining device comprises a sand guiding seat, the sand guiding seat is fixedly arranged on the lower side wall of the inner cavity of the water tank, a sewage draining pipe communicated with the bottom of the rear side wall of the water tank is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the rear side wall of the water tank, and a sewage draining valve is fixedly arranged at one end of the sewage draining pipe away from the water tank.
Preferably, a water outlet pipe is fixedly arranged on the left side wall of the water tank, and a water outlet valve is fixedly arranged at one end, far away from the inner cavity of the water tank, of the water outlet pipe.
Preferably, the inner cavity of the water tank is fixedly provided with a flow inhibition plate, the surface of the flow inhibition plate is uniformly provided with through holes, and the flow inhibition plate is arranged below the conveying pipe.
The cement waste material treatment and regeneration device provided by the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. through setting up biax motor, motor and sieve workbin for biax motor start-up during operation, drive connecting axle and crushing roller through second gear and first gear and rotate, when biax motor starts, drive transmission shaft and third gear through fifth gear and fourth gear and rotate, the third gear is through toothed ring and drive the reverse rotation of annular motion crushing section of thick bamboo when rotating, through broken continuous motion of piece when crushing roller and crushing section of thick bamboo relative rotation, thereby carry out the breakage to the cement waste, the motor can drive the carousel and constantly rotate when starting up the work, and then through pushing away the axle, slider and spring's cooperation each other, drive sieve workbin and control the motion, thereby carry out the screening to the cement waste after breaking, the cement waste that makes the granularity that falls down from the weeping hole can serve as the fine aggregate of building and use, and the cement waste that the granularity that remains in sieve workbin top is great can serve as the coarse aggregate of building, compared with prior art, the invention has effectively utilized the cement waste, the problem of cement waste pollution environment has been avoided.
2. Through setting up water tank, conveyer pipe and screw conveying leaf for to the water of the two fifths water level height of water that can submerge the conveyer pipe is discharged into to the water tank through the inlet tube, make the conveying motor can be with the great cement waste material of discharging into conveyer pipe inner chamber granularity motion to the right at the start-up during operation, thereby can realize washing clean sand grain and the dust on the cement waste material surface of carrying, avoid the building aggregate surface of production to glue a large amount of gravel and dust, cause the problem of polluted air environment when transportation and loading and unloading.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a sectional view showing the construction of a cement waste material treatment and regeneration device according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a right side view of a screen box structure of a cement waste treatment and regeneration device according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of a water tank of a cement waste treatment and regeneration device according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a top view of a screen box structure of a cement waste treatment and regeneration device according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a bottom view of a screen box structure of a cement waste treatment and regeneration device according to the present invention;
fig. 6 is a front view of a cement waste treatment and regeneration device according to the present invention.
In the figure: roof 1, upright 2, fixing base 3, connecting ring 4, crushing cylinder 5, crushing roller 6, connecting shaft 7, first gear 8, double-shaft motor 9, second gear 10, driving ring 11, toothed ring 12, third gear 13, connecting block 14, feed hopper 15, transmission shaft 16, fourth gear 17, fifth gear 18, crushing block 19, discharge pipe 20, first guide rail 21, second guide rail 22, roller groove 23, connecting plate 24, roller 25, screening box 26, cover plate 27, feed hole 28, weeping hole 29, discharge box 30, through hole 31, side plate 32, slide rod 33, spring 34, slide block 35, motor 36, push shaft 37, turntable 38, receiving hopper 39, diagonal brace 40, blanking pipe 41, motor housing 42, conveying motor 43, spiral conveying blade 44, conveying pipe 45, water tank 46, receiving hopper 47, discharge pipe 48, water inlet pipe 49, water diversion pipe 50, water outlet pipe 51, water outlet valve 52, sand guide 53, flow inhibiting plate 54, through hole 55, blow-down pipe 56, blow-down valve 57.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1-6, a cement waste treatment and regeneration device comprises a top plate 1, upright posts 2 are fixedly arranged at four corners of the top plate 1, a connecting shaft 7 is rotatably arranged in an inner cavity of the top plate 1, an integrally formed crushing roller 6 is arranged at the bottom end of the connecting shaft 7, an adaptive crushing cylinder 5 is sleeved outside the crushing roller 6, a feed hopper 15 is fixedly arranged on the upper side wall of the crushing cylinder 5, a discharge pipe 20 is fixedly arranged on the lower side wall of the crushing cylinder 5, integrally formed crushing blocks 19 are uniformly arranged on the opposite side walls of the crushing roller 6 and the crushing cylinder 5, a connecting ring 4 is fixedly arranged outside the crushing cylinder 5, a fixing seat 3 is rotatably arranged outside the connecting ring 4, each group of upright posts 2 are rotatably connected with the fixing seat 3, a driving device is arranged on the upper side wall of the upright post 2 and comprises a double-shaft motor 9, a second gear 10 is fixedly arranged at one side conveying end of the double-shaft motor 9, the top end of the connecting shaft 7 is fixedly provided with a first gear 8 which is meshed with the second gear 10, the output end of one side of the double-shaft motor 9, which is far away from the second gear 10, is fixedly provided with a fifth gear 18, the inner cavity of the top plate 1 is rotatably provided with a transmission shaft 16, the upper side wall of the transmission shaft 16 is fixedly provided with a fourth gear 17 which is meshed with the fifth gear 18, the outer side of the transmission shaft 16 is rotatably provided with a connecting block 14, the connecting block 14 is fixedly connected with the upright post 2, one end of the transmission shaft 16, which is far away from the fourth gear 17, is fixedly provided with a third gear 13, the outer side of the crushing cylinder 5 is fixedly provided with a driving ring 11, the outer side of the driving ring 11 is fixedly provided with a toothed ring 12 which is meshed with the third gear 13, cement waste to be treated is placed in the feed hopper 15, so that the cement waste falls between the crushing roller 6 and the crushing cylinder 5, the double-shaft motor 9 is used for starting to work, the connecting shaft 7 and the crushing roller 6 are driven to rotate through the second gear 10 and the first gear 8, the transmission shaft 16 and the third gear 13 are driven to rotate through the fifth gear 18 and the fourth gear 17 at the same time of starting the double-shaft motor 9, the crushing cylinder 5 is driven to reversely rotate through the toothed ring 12 and the driving ring 11 when the third gear 13 rotates, and the continuously moving broken pieces 19 are used for crushing the cement waste into reusable building aggregate when the crushing roller 6 and the crushing cylinder 5 relatively rotate.
The lower side wall of the discharging pipe 20 is provided with a screening box 26, the lower side wall of the screening box 26 is uniformly provided with a material leakage hole 29, the left side wall of the screening box 26 is fixedly provided with a connecting plate 24, the lower side wall of the connecting plate 24 and the lower side wall of the screening box 26 are uniformly and fixedly provided with rollers 25, the lower part of the connecting plate 24 is provided with a first guide rail 21, the lower part of the corresponding roller 25 at the bottom end of the screening box 26 is provided with a second guide rail 22, the upper parts of the second guide rail 22 and the first guide rail 21 are respectively provided with a roller groove 23 which is matched with the rollers 25, the front side and the rear side of the screening box 26 are respectively provided with a vibrating device, the vibrating device comprises a sliding block 35, the sliding block 35 is fixedly arranged on the rear side wall of the screening box 26, the front side wall of the screening box 26 is fixedly provided with a sliding rod 33, the outer sides of the sliding rod 33 and the sliding block 35 are respectively and the side plates 32 are respectively fixedly connected with a column 2, the outer sides of the sliding rod 33 are respectively provided with a spring 34, the motor 36 is fixedly arranged on one side wall of the rear side plate 32 far away from the sieving box 26, the turntable 38 is fixedly arranged at the output end of the motor 36, the push shaft 37 is uniformly and fixedly arranged on the front side wall of the turntable 38, the sieving box 26 is used for catching broken cement waste, the motor 36 is used for driving the turntable 38 to continuously rotate when being started to work, the slide block 35 is pushed to move forwards through the push shaft 37, the spring 34 is compressed, when two adjacent groups of push shafts 37 rotate to the upper side and the lower side of the slide block 35, the sieving box 26 and the slide block 35 are pushed to move backwards due to the elastic action of the spring 34, so that the sieving box 26 can be driven to continuously move forwards and backwards when the motor 36 is started to work, the cement waste broken above the sieving box 26 is further screened, the cement waste with smaller granularity can fall into the inner cavity of the receiving hopper 39, and thus the cement waste is used as fine aggregate, the larger sized cement waste material, in turn, may be used as building coarse aggregate and discharged through discharge bin 30 to the interior cavity of receiving hopper 47.
A receiving hopper 39 is arranged below the sieving box 26, a discharging pipe 41 is fixedly arranged at the center of the bottom end of the receiving hopper 39, inclined supporting rods 40 are uniformly and fixedly arranged around the lower side wall of the receiving hopper 39, the inclined supporting rods 40 are fixedly connected with the upright posts 2, a conveying motor 43 is arranged below the second guide rail 22, a motor seat 42 is fixedly arranged on the lower side wall of the conveying motor 43, the motor seat 42 is fixedly connected with the upright posts 2, a spiral conveying blade 44 is fixedly arranged at the output end of the conveying motor 43, a conveying pipe 45 is arranged outside the spiral conveying blade 44, the spiral conveying blade 44 is rotatably arranged in the inner cavity of the conveying pipe 45, a water tank 46 is fixedly arranged outside the conveying pipe 45, the conveying pipe 45 penetrates through the water tank 46, through holes 31 are uniformly formed in the outer side wall of the inner cavity of the water tank 46, a connecting hopper 47 communicated is fixedly arranged at the left side of the top end of the conveying pipe 45, the right end of the conveying pipe 45 is fixedly provided with a communicated discharge pipe 48, the upper side wall of the water tank 46 is fixedly provided with a water inlet pipe 49, the lower side wall of the water inlet pipe 49 is uniformly and fixedly provided with a water diversion pipe 50, the water diversion pipe 50 penetrates through the upper side wall of the water tank 46 and extends to the inner cavity of the water tank 46, the inner cavity of the water tank 46 is provided with a sewage disposal device, the sewage disposal device comprises a sand guide seat 53, the sand guide seat 53 is fixedly arranged on the lower side wall of the inner cavity of the water tank 46, the bottom of the rear side wall of the water tank 46 is fixedly provided with a communicated sewage disposal pipe 56, one end of the sewage disposal pipe 56 far from the water tank 46 is fixedly provided with a sewage disposal valve 57, the left side wall of the water tank 46 is fixedly provided with a water outlet pipe 51, one end of the water outlet pipe 51 far from the inner cavity of the water tank 46 is fixedly provided with a water outlet valve 52, the inner cavity of the water tank 46 is fixedly provided with a flow inhibition plate 54, the surface of the flow inhibition plate 54 is uniformly provided with a through hole 55, the flow inhibition plate 54 is arranged below the conveying pipe 45, the conveying motor 43 drives the spiral conveying blade 44 to rotate when the conveying motor is started to work, the spiral conveying blade 44 conveys cement waste with larger granularity discharged into the inner cavity of the conveying pipe 45 from left to right when the spiral conveying blade 44 rotates, the water inlet pipe 49 is used for connecting the water pipe, so that water is discharged into the inner cavity of the water tank 46 through the water inlet pipe 49 and the water distribution pipe 50, when the cement waste with larger granularity in the inner cavity of the conveying pipe 45 is continuously conveyed to the right, the cement waste can be contacted with the water in the inner cavity of the water tank 46, further, the cement waste in the inner cavity of the conveying pipe 45 is elutriated, so that the cleanliness of the produced coarse aggregate of the building is improved, the problem that a large amount of gravel and dust are adhered to the surface of the produced aggregate of the building, and the air environment is polluted during transportation and loading and unloading is avoided, dust and gravel mixed into the water are deposited on the sand guide seat 53, the water outlet valve 52 is used for discharging the water in the inner cavity of the water tank 46 when the water outlet valve 57 is used for discharging sediment deposited on the sand guide seat 53 when the water is opened, and the discharged sediment can be used for manufacturing sand.
The right side fixed mounting of screening case 26 has row's material case 30, and the top fixed mounting of gyro wheel 25 has apron 27, and the feed port 28 with discharging pipe 20 looks adaptation has been seted up to the inner chamber of apron 27, and apron 27 is used for closing the top of screening case 26 to reduce the production of dust when screening the cement waste material after breaking, effectively reduce the pollution to the environment in the whole production process of end.
Working principle: when the invention is used, the water inlet pipe 49 is connected with water, so that the water is discharged into the inner cavity of the water tank 46 through the water distribution pipe 50, the inner cavity of the water tank 46 is stopped to discharge water after the water level reaches two fifths of the position where the conveying pipe 45 can be immersed, then the double-shaft motor 9 is started, cement waste is put into the inner cavity of the feed hopper 15, so that the cement waste falls between the crushing cylinder 5 and the crushing roller 6 due to the action of gravity, the double-shaft motor 9 drives the connecting shaft 7 and the crushing roller 6 to rotate through the second gear 10 and the drive, simultaneously drives the transmission shaft 16 and the third gear 13 to rotate through the fifth gear 18 and the fourth gear 17, the third gear 13 drives the crushing cylinder 5 to reversely rotate through the toothed ring 12 and the drive ring 11 when rotating, the cement waste falling between the crushing cylinder 5 and the crushing roller 6 can be effectively crushed through the crushing blocks 19 on the opposite sides of the crushing cylinder 5 and the crushing roller 6 when the crushing cylinder 5 rotates relatively, then the crushed cement waste falls above the screening bin 26 through the discharging pipe 20 and the feeding hole 28, then the motor 36 is started, so that the motor 36 drives the turntable 38 to rotate when started, the sliding block 35 is shifted to move forward through the pushing shaft 37, the springs 34 are compressed, when two adjacent pushing shafts 37 rotate to the upper side and the lower side of the sliding block 35, the screening bin 26 and the sliding block 35 are pushed to move backwards due to the elastic action of the springs 34, so that the screening bin 26 can be driven to move forwards and backwards continuously when the motor 36 is started, the crushed cement waste above the screening bin 26 is screened, the cement waste with smaller granularity can fall into the cavity of the receiving bin 39, so as to be used as fine aggregate, the screened cement waste with larger granularity is discharged into the cavity of the receiving bin 47 through the discharging bin 30, then falls in the inner chamber of conveyer pipe 45, then starts screw conveying leaf 44, make screw conveying leaf 44 drive the great cement waste material of granularity of conveyer pipe 45 inner chamber carry to the right, in the in-process of carrying, conveyer pipe 45 inner chamber cement waste material can be with the water contact of water tank 46 inner chamber, the continuous roll of conveyer pipe 45 inner chamber cement waste material of cooperation screw conveying leaf 44, can effectively realize the elutriation to conveyer pipe 45 inner chamber cement waste material, thereby effectively wash away the sand grain and the dust on conveyer pipe 45 inner chamber's cement waste material surface, finally discharge from discharge pipe 48, make the cement waste material after the elutriation of discharge pipe 48 can act as the coarse aggregate of building use, and the dust and the sand grain of elutriating can deposit on sand guide 53, after the silt that the inner chamber of water tank 46 precipitated reaches certain height, only need open water outlet valve 52, discharge water with the inner chamber of water tank 46, then open blow off valve 57 can pass through the silt that the sediment on guide 53 and the sand guide 53 is discharged, the silt that the preparation can fill the sand of soil and use.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art, who is within the scope of the present invention, should make equivalent substitutions or modifications according to the technical scheme of the present invention and the inventive concept thereof, and should be covered by the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a cement waste material treatment regenerating unit, includes roof (1), its characterized in that, the equal fixed mounting in four corners of roof (1) has stand (2), connecting axle (7) are installed in the inner chamber rotation of roof (1), the bottom of connecting axle (7) is equipped with integrated into one piece's crushing roller (6), the outside cover of crushing roller (6) is equipped with broken section of thick bamboo (5) of looks adaptation, the upper side wall fixed mounting of broken section of thick bamboo (5) has feeder hopper (15), the lower side wall fixed mounting of broken section of thick bamboo (5) has discharging pipe (20), the outside fixed mounting of crushing roller (6) with the opposite lateral wall of broken section of thick bamboo (5) evenly is equipped with integrated into one piece's broken piece (19), the outside fixed mounting of broken section of thick bamboo (5) has go-between (4), the outside rotation of connecting axle (4) is installed fixing base (3), each group stand (2) all with fixing base (3) rotate and are connected, the upper side wall of stand (2) is equipped with drive arrangement, the below of discharging pipe (20) is equipped with sieve case (26), the lateral wall (26) evenly is equipped with sieve case (24), the lower side wall of the connecting plate (24) and the lower side wall of the screening box (26) are uniformly and fixedly provided with idler wheels (25), a first guide rail (21) is arranged below the connecting plate (24), a second guide rail (22) is arranged below the idler wheels (25) corresponding to the bottom end of the screening box (26), idler wheel grooves (23) matched with the idler wheels (25) are formed in the upper parts of the second guide rail (22) and the first guide rail (21), vibrating devices are arranged on the front side and the rear side of the screening box (26), a connecting hopper (39) is arranged below the screening box (26), a blanking pipe (41) is fixedly arranged at the center of the bottom end of the connecting hopper (39), inclined supporting rods (40) are uniformly and fixedly arranged on the periphery of the lower side wall of the connecting hopper (39), conveying motors (43) are arranged below the second guide rail (22), the lower side walls of the conveying motors (43) are fixedly provided with spiral supporting rods (42), spiral supporting rods (44) are fixedly provided with conveying blades (45) which are fixedly arranged on the lower side walls of the conveying motors (43), spiral supporting rods (44) are fixedly provided with spiral supporting rods (45), and the spiral supporting rods (44) are fixedly arranged on the outer sides of the spiral supporting rods (44), the water tank is characterized in that the conveying pipe (45) is fixedly arranged on the outer side of the conveying pipe (45), the conveying pipe (45) penetrates through the water tank (46), through holes (31) are uniformly formed in the outer side wall of an inner cavity of the water tank (46), a receiving hopper (47) which is communicated with each other is fixedly arranged on the left side of the top end of the conveying pipe (45), a discharging pipe (48) which is communicated with each other is fixedly arranged on the right end of the conveying pipe (45), a water inlet pipe (49) is fixedly arranged on the upper side wall of the water tank (46), a water diversion pipe (50) is uniformly and fixedly arranged on the lower side wall of the water inlet pipe (49), the water diversion pipe (50) penetrates through the upper side wall of the water tank (46) and extends to the inner cavity of the water tank (46), and a sewage discharging device is arranged in the inner cavity of the water tank (46);
the driving device comprises a double-shaft motor (9), a second gear (10) is fixedly arranged at the conveying end of one side of the double-shaft motor (9), and a first gear (8) meshed with the second gear (10) is fixedly arranged at the top end of the connecting shaft (7);
the double-shaft motor (9) is fixedly provided with a fifth gear (18) at the output end far away from one side of the second gear (10), the inner cavity of the top plate (1) is rotatably provided with a transmission shaft (16), the upper side wall of the transmission shaft (16) is fixedly provided with a fourth gear (17) meshed with the fifth gear (18), the outer side of the transmission shaft (16) is rotatably provided with a connecting block (14), the connecting block (14) is fixedly connected with the upright post (2), one end of the transmission shaft (16) far away from the fourth gear (17) is fixedly provided with a third gear (13), the outer side of the crushing cylinder (5) is fixedly provided with a driving ring (11), and the outer side of the driving ring (11) is fixedly provided with a toothed ring (12) meshed with the third gear (13).
The vibrating device comprises a sliding block (35), the sliding block (35) is fixedly arranged on the rear side wall of the screening box (26), a sliding rod (33) is fixedly arranged on the front side wall of the screening box (26), side plates (32) are slidably arranged on the outer sides of the sliding rod (33) and the sliding block (35), two groups of side plates (32) are fixedly connected with the upright post (2), and springs (34) are sleeved on the outer sides of the sliding rod (33).
2. The cement waste treatment and regeneration device according to claim 1, wherein a discharge box (30) is fixedly arranged on the right side of the screening box (26), a cover plate (27) is fixedly arranged at the top end of the roller (25), and a feed hole (28) matched with the discharge pipe (20) is formed in an inner cavity of the cover plate (27).
3. A cement waste material treatment and regeneration device according to claim 1, wherein a motor (36) is fixedly arranged on a side wall of the side plate (32) at the rear side, which is far away from the sieving box (26), a rotary table (38) is fixedly arranged at the output end of the motor (36), and a pushing shaft (37) is uniformly and fixedly arranged on the front side wall of the rotary table (38).
4. The cement waste material treatment and regeneration device according to claim 1, wherein the sewage disposal device comprises a sand guide seat (53), the sand guide seat (53) is fixedly arranged on the lower side wall of the inner cavity of the water tank (46), a sewage disposal pipe (56) communicated with the bottom of the rear side wall of the water tank (46) is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the rear side wall of the water tank (46), and a sewage disposal valve (57) is fixedly arranged at one end, far away from the water tank (46), of the sewage disposal pipe (56).
5. The cement waste material treatment and regeneration device according to claim 4, wherein a water outlet pipe (51) is fixedly arranged on the left side wall of the water tank (46), and a water outlet valve (52) is fixedly arranged at one end, far away from the inner cavity of the water tank (46), of the water outlet pipe (51).
6. The cement waste material treatment and regeneration device according to claim 1, wherein a flow inhibition plate (54) is fixedly arranged in an inner cavity of the water tank (46), through holes (55) are uniformly formed in the surface of the flow inhibition plate (54), and the flow inhibition plate (54) is arranged below the conveying pipe (45).
CN202011188927.4A 2020-10-30 2020-10-30 Cement waste treatment regenerating unit Active CN112427440B (en)

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