CN112370031A - Wearable remote medical health monitoring system and monitoring method thereof - Google Patents

Wearable remote medical health monitoring system and monitoring method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112370031A
CN112370031A CN202011181634.3A CN202011181634A CN112370031A CN 112370031 A CN112370031 A CN 112370031A CN 202011181634 A CN202011181634 A CN 202011181634A CN 112370031 A CN112370031 A CN 112370031A
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China
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data
module
terminal
electrocardio
analog
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徐军
闫武豪
陶彦辰
刘驰
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Xian Polytechnic University
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Xian Polytechnic University
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Priority to CN202011181634.3A priority Critical patent/CN112370031A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/02Detecting, measuring or recording pulse, heart rate, blood pressure or blood flow; Combined pulse/heart-rate/blood pressure determination; Evaluating a cardiovascular condition not otherwise provided for, e.g. using combinations of techniques provided for in this group with electrocardiography or electroauscultation; Heart catheters for measuring blood pressure
    • A61B5/0205Simultaneously evaluating both cardiovascular conditions and different types of body conditions, e.g. heart and respiratory condition
    • A61B5/02055Simultaneously evaluating both cardiovascular condition and temperature
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/01Measuring temperature of body parts ; Diagnostic temperature sensing, e.g. for malignant or inflamed tissue
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/145Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH value; Measuring characteristics of body fluids or tissues, e.g. interstitial fluid, cerebral tissue
    • A61B5/1455Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH value; Measuring characteristics of body fluids or tissues, e.g. interstitial fluid, cerebral tissue using optical sensors, e.g. spectral photometrical oximeters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/68Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient
    • A61B5/6801Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient specially adapted to be attached to or worn on the body surface
    • A61B5/6802Sensor mounted on worn items
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/72Signal processing specially adapted for physiological signals or for diagnostic purposes
    • A61B5/7225Details of analog processing, e.g. isolation amplifier, gain or sensitivity adjustment, filtering, baseline or drift compensation

Abstract

The invention discloses a wearable remote medical health monitoring system which comprises wearable intelligent equipment, wherein the wearable intelligent equipment realizes short-distance wireless data transmission with a user mobile terminal through a short-distance wireless communication network, the wearable intelligent equipment realizes remote wireless data transmission with a family terminal and a doctor terminal through a global system for mobile communications (GSM), the wearable intelligent equipment is connected with the wearer mobile terminal through a wireless short-distance communication network, and the wearer mobile terminal, the doctor terminal and the family terminal are connected with a data center through the Internet. The monitoring system provided by the invention can monitor multiple physiological parameters and position information of a user in real time, can transmit data in a wireless short distance and can also remotely send the data to family members, doctors and a data processing center, and has the functions of automatic abnormal data alarm and one-key emergency call rescue.

Description

Wearable remote medical health monitoring system and monitoring method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of human body physiological parameter monitoring and cloud computing, relates to a wearable remote medical health monitoring system, and further relates to a monitoring method of the monitoring system.
Background
The aging degree of the population is deepening and aggravating, various chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, endocrine diseases and the like, become high morbidity of the elderly population, the chronic diseases have long-term and infrequent characteristics, and the occurrence of the diseases cannot be timely and effectively found through routine regular medical examination;
in summary, the problems of chronic diseases of the elderly, health states of high-pressure overload working people and health monitoring of sudden infectious diseases become a major point in modern society and medical treatment, and the development trend of the diseases cannot be well monitored and prevented in the mode of taking symptom treatment as the center in the current medical treatment. The traditional medical equipment has single monitoring function, large volume, complex operation and complex physiological index measuring process, is very inconvenient, and the household monitoring equipment cannot realize synchronous data and data analysis due to inaccurate monitoring parameters. Therefore, remote medical health monitoring becomes a highlight and a key point for disease monitoring and prevention, a daily wearable medical device capable of remotely measuring physiological parameters in real time is designed, physiological parameters of people suffering from various chronic diseases, special people in a high-pressure overload working state, patients needing isolation in a special period and the like can be monitored in real time, when sudden diseases occur, the physiological parameters can be found and reported as soon as possible and analyzed regularly, necessary medical guidance suggestions can be given before the diseases occur, the purpose of disease prevention is achieved, and the daily wearable medical device has huge market space and application value.
Patent application number CN201510737524.3 discloses a wearable heart sound and electrocardio characteristic information acquisition and monitoring system, and the system only monitors the heart sound and electrocardio physiological parameters of a user, and the monitoring physiological parameters are few, and the functions are single. Patent application No. CN201410134976.8 discloses a cloud health information management system and method based on wearable equipment, and the system includes server, mobile terminal and wearable equipment, and the system does not set up data anomaly alarm function, has only played monitoring and data management function, and when user data is unusual, can not discover and report to the police the very first time. Patent application No. CN201410504460.8 discloses a wearable telemedicine health management system, and when user's data was unusual, the system needed to press swift warning button for a long time, and when the emergency really appeared, user self can not be fine press the alarm for a long time, waste the certain time when emergency call. Patent application No. CN201610816765.1 discloses a wearable remote health monitoring system and method, the system uses a bracelet as a main body, heart rate measurement is a photoelectric volume tracing method, the method is adopted for measuring the heart rate by a bracelet watch in the market at present, but the measurement error is large, the accuracy is not high, and the medical level cannot be reached.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a wearable remote medical health monitoring system which can monitor multiple physiological parameters and position information of a user in real time, can transmit data in a wireless short distance and can also send the data to family members, doctors and a data processing center in a remote way, and has the functions of automatic abnormal data alarm and one-key emergency call rescue.
The invention also provides a wearable remote medical health monitoring method.
The wearable remote medical health monitoring system comprises wearable intelligent equipment, wherein the wearable intelligent equipment realizes short-distance wireless data transmission with a user mobile terminal through a short-distance wireless communication network, the wearable intelligent equipment realizes remote wireless data transmission with a family terminal and a doctor terminal through a global system for mobile communications (GSM), the wearable intelligent equipment is connected with the wearer mobile terminal through a wireless short-distance communication network, and the wearer mobile terminal, the doctor terminal and the family terminal are connected with a data center through an internet.
The first technical solution of the present invention is also characterized in that,
wearable intelligent equipment includes miniature central control module, and wireless remote communication module, wireless short distance communication module, vibrations alarm module, satellite positioning module, device switch, battery module and physiology acquisition module are connected respectively to miniature central control module.
The physiological acquisition processing module comprises an electrocardio-respiration acquisition module, a body temperature acquisition module, a blood pressure acquisition module, an electroencephalogram acquisition module and a blood oxygen saturation and pulse acquisition module;
the electrocardio-respiration acquisition module comprises an electrocardio-respiration sensor, an electrocardio-respiration signal conditioning unit, an electrocardio-respiration signal acquisition unit and an electrocardio-respiration signal processing unit which are sequentially connected;
the body temperature acquisition module comprises a body temperature sensor, a body temperature signal conditioning unit, a body temperature signal acquisition unit and a body temperature signal processing unit which are connected in sequence;
the blood pressure acquisition module comprises blood pressure acquisition sensors which are sequentially connected, and the blood pressure acquisition sensors are sequentially connected with a blood pressure signal conditioning unit, a blood pressure signal acquisition unit and a blood pressure signal processing unit;
the electroencephalogram acquisition module comprises an electroencephalogram sensor, an electroencephalogram signal conditioning unit, an electroencephalogram signal acquisition unit and an electroencephalogram signal processing unit which are sequentially connected;
the blood oxygen saturation and pulse acquisition module comprises a pulse and blood oxygen saturation sensor, a pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal conditioning unit, a pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal acquisition unit and a pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal processing unit which are sequentially connected.
The electrocardio and respiration sensor adopts an electrocardio electrode patch which is stuck on the surface of the chest cavity of a human body;
the electrocardio and respiration signal conditioning unit comprises a filter circuit A, an amplifying circuit A and a shaping circuit A which are connected in sequence;
the electrocardio and respiration signal acquisition unit comprises an analog-to-digital converter A;
the filter circuit A is connected with the electrocardio-electrode patch, and the shaping circuit is connected with the analog-to-digital converter A;
the electrocardio and respiratory signal processing unit comprises a microprocessor A; the microprocessor A is connected with the analog-to-digital converter A.
The body temperature sensor adopts a touch thermistor body temperature probe;
the body temperature signal conditioning unit comprises a filter circuit B and an amplifying circuit B which are connected in sequence;
the body temperature signal acquisition unit comprises an analog-to-digital converter B;
the body temperature signal processing unit comprises a microprocessor B;
the thermistor is connected with the filter circuit B, the amplifying circuit B is connected with the analog-to-digital converter B, and the analog-to-digital converter B is also connected with the microprocessor B.
The blood pressure signal sensor comprises an air pump, an air valve, a pressure sensor and a current sampling resistor which are connected in sequence;
the blood pressure signal conditioning unit comprises a filter circuit C, an amplifying circuit C and a shaping circuit C which are connected in sequence;
the blood pressure signal acquisition unit comprises an analog-to-digital converter C;
the blood pressure signal processing unit comprises a microprocessor C;
the circuit sampling resistor is connected with the filter circuit C, the shaping circuit C is connected with the analog-to-digital converter C, and the analog-to-digital converter C is connected with the microprocessor C.
The electroencephalogram sensor adopts an active electrode cap;
the electroencephalogram signal conditioning unit comprises a filter circuit D, an amplifying circuit D and a shaping circuit D which are connected in sequence;
the electroencephalogram signal acquisition unit comprises an analog-to-digital converter D;
the electroencephalogram signal processing unit comprises a micro-processor D;
the active electrode is connected with a filter circuit D, the shaping circuit D is connected with an analog-to-digital converter D, and the analog-to-digital converter D is connected with a microprocessor D.
The pulse and blood oxygen saturation sensor adopts a photoelectric sensor;
the pulse and oxyhemoglobin saturation signal conditioning unit comprises a filter circuit E, an amplifying circuit E and a shaping circuit E which are connected in sequence;
the pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal acquisition unit comprises an analog-to-digital converter E;
the pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal processing unit comprises a microprocessor E;
the photoelectric sensor is connected with the filter circuit E, the shaping circuit E is connected with the analog-to-digital converter E, and the analog-to-digital converter E is connected with the microprocessor E.
The second technical scheme adopted by the invention is that a wearable remote medical health monitoring method specifically comprises the following steps:
step 1, acquiring physiological parameters and position information of a human body in real time through a physiological acquisition module and a satellite positioning module in wearable intelligent equipment to obtain the physiological parameters and the position information of the human body, including electrocardio, body temperature, electroencephalogram, blood pressure, blood oxygen saturation, pulse and respiratory rate;
step 2, the human body physiological parameters and the position information acquired in the step 1 are sent to a mobile terminal of a wearer through a wireless short-distance communication network, and the human body physiological parameters and the position information acquired in the step 1 are sent to a family terminal and a doctor terminal through a global system for mobile communications (GSM);
step 3, when the physiological data collected in the step 1 are abnormal, the wearable intelligent device starts a vibration alarm module to perform vibration alarm; when the mobile terminal of the wearer, the doctor terminal and the family terminal receive abnormal data, a one-key emergency call rescue function is automatically popped up;
step 4, after the mobile terminal of the wearer, the doctor terminal and the family terminal receive the data collected in the step 1, uploading the human body physiological data to a data center through the internet;
step 5, a cloud computing module of the data center analyzes and processes various human physiological parameters, and stores data into a database of the server;
step 6, the doctor regularly edits medical reports according to the physiological data of the user through the doctor terminal and uploads the medical reports to a medical report center of the data center, and the medical report center regularly feeds back the medical reports and sends the medical reports to the mobile terminal and the family terminal of the wearer;
and 7, through the mobile terminal of the wearer, the doctor terminal and the family member terminal, the user, the family member or the doctor remotely accesses the medical report center of the data center, and the physiological data of the user in the database can be checked and downloaded.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the physiological acquisition processing module, the miniature central control module, the alarm module, the wireless transmission module, the satellite positioning module and the battery module are integrated on one circuit board, the size is small, the intelligent terminal is wearable, daily wearing is facilitated, and real-time monitoring of physiological data can be realized.
2. The invention can not only transmit data in a wireless short distance, but also transmit the data to family terminals and doctor terminals in a wireless long distance, so that the range of motion of a user is not limited any more.
3. When the corresponding software of the mobile intelligent terminal receives abnormal data, the one-key emergency call rescue function can be automatically popped up, the emergency call and the alarm are more convenient, and the system is more intelligent.
4. The invention can provide professional medical guidance reports and improve the specialty and the monitoring ability of monitoring.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a wearable remote medical health monitoring system according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a central electrical respiration acquisition module of a wearable remote medical health monitoring system according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a body temperature acquisition module in a wearable remote medical health monitoring system according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a blood pressure collecting module in a wearable remote medical health monitoring system according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of an electroencephalogram acquisition module in a wearable remote medical health monitoring system according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a blood oxygen saturation level and pulse acquisition module of a wearable remote medical health monitoring system according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a block diagram of a three-stage structure of data acquisition, transmission and analysis in a wearable remote medical health monitoring system according to the present invention.
In the figure, 100 is a wearable intelligent device, 101 is a wireless remote communication module, 102 is a wireless short-distance communication module, 103 is a miniature central control module, 104 is a battery module, 105 is a device switch, 106 is a satellite positioning module, 107 is a vibration alarm module, 108 is a physiological acquisition module, 109 is an electrocardio-respiration acquisition module, 110 is a body temperature acquisition module, 111 is a blood pressure acquisition module, 112 is an electroencephalogram acquisition module, 113 is a blood oxygen saturation and pulse acquisition module, 114 is a short-distance wireless communication network, 115 is a wearer mobile terminal, 116 is a wearer user interface, 117 is a global mobile communication network GSM, 118 is a family terminal, 119 is a family user interface, 120 is a doctor terminal, 121 is a doctor user interface, 122 is the Internet, 123 is a data center, 124 is a data processing center I, 125 is a data processing center II, 126 is a cloud computing module;
201. an electrocardio and respiration sensor, 202, an electrocardio and respiration signal conditioning unit, 203, an electrocardio and respiration signal acquisition unit, 204, an electrocardio and respiration signal processing unit, 205, an electrocardio electrode patch, 206, a filter circuit, 207, an amplifying circuit A, 208, a shaping circuit A, 209, an analog-to-digital converter A, 210 and a microprocessor A;
301. the body temperature sensor comprises a body temperature sensor, 302 a body temperature signal conditioning unit, 303 a body temperature signal acquisition unit, 304 a body temperature signal processing unit, 305 a thermistor, 306 a filter circuit B, 307, an amplifying circuit B, 308, an analog-to-digital converter B, 309 a microprocessor B;
401. the blood pressure sensor comprises a blood pressure sensor, 402, a blood pressure signal conditioning unit, 403, a blood pressure signal acquisition unit, 404, a blood pressure signal processing unit, 405, an air pump, 406, an air valve, 407, a pressure sensor, 408, a current sampling resistor, 409, a filter circuit C, 410, an amplifying circuit C, 411, a shaping circuit C, 412, an analog-digital converter C, 413 and a microprocessor C;
501. the electroencephalogram signal processing system comprises an electroencephalogram sensor, 502, an electroencephalogram signal conditioning unit, 503, an electroencephalogram signal acquisition unit, 504, an electroencephalogram signal processing unit, 505, an active electrode cap, 506, a filter circuit D, 507, an amplifying circuit D, 508, a shaping circuit D, 509, an analog-to-digital converter D, 510 and a microprocessor D;
601. the pulse and blood oxygen saturation degree signal processing device comprises a pulse and blood oxygen saturation degree sensor, 602, a pulse and blood oxygen saturation degree signal conditioning unit, 603, a pulse and blood oxygen saturation degree signal acquisition unit, 604, a pulse and blood oxygen saturation degree signal processing unit, 605, a photoelectric sensor, 606, a filter circuit E, 607, an amplifying circuit E, 608, a shaping circuit E, 609, an analog-digital converter E, 610 and a microprocessor E.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
The invention relates to a wearable remote medical health monitoring system, which comprises a wearable intelligent device 100, a short-distance wireless communication network 114 (comprising Bluetooth, ZigBee and WIFI), a global mobile communication network GSM117, a wearer mobile terminal 115, a family terminal 118, a doctor terminal 120, an interconnection network 122 and a data center 123 as shown in figure 1.
The wearable intelligent device 100 realizes short-distance wireless data transmission with the wearer mobile terminal 115 through the short-distance wireless communication network 114, the wearable intelligent device 100 realizes long-distance wireless data transmission with the family terminal 118 and the doctor terminal 120 through the global system for mobile communications (GSM) 117, the wearer mobile terminal 115, the family terminal 118, the doctor terminal 120 and the data center 123 are communicated with each other through the internet 122, and the wearer mobile terminal 115, the family terminal 118 and the doctor terminal 120 can also be communicated with each other through the internet 122.
The wearable intelligent device 100 comprises a physiological acquisition module 108, a wireless remote communication module 101, a wireless short-distance communication module 102, a miniature central control module 103, a battery module 104, a device switch 105, a satellite positioning module 106 and a vibration alarm module 107, wherein the miniature central control module 103 is in serial communication with the physiological acquisition module 108, the wireless remote communication module 101, the wireless short-distance communication module 102, the miniature central control module 103, the battery module 104, the device switch 105, the satellite positioning module 106 and the vibration alarm module 107 and is integrated on the same circuit board.
The physiological collection module 108 comprises an electrocardio-respiration collection module 109, a body temperature collection module 110, a blood pressure collection module 111, an electroencephalogram collection module 112, and a blood oxygen saturation and pulse collection module 113.
The electrocardio-respiration acquisition module 109 acquires a human chest surface impedance change signal through an electrocardio-electrode, an electrocardiogram waveform and a respiration waveform are obtained after processing, the body temperature acquisition module 110 acquires the body surface temperature of a human body through a contact thermistor or an infrared technology, body temperature data are obtained by processing, the blood pressure acquisition module 111 acquires the pressure of an artery on the inner wall of a blood vessel by giving a certain pressure to the upper arm of the human body, blood pressure data are obtained by processing, the electroencephalogram acquisition module 112 acquires the electroencephalogram of the human body through a worn electrode cap, electroencephalogram data are obtained by processing, and the oxyhemoglobin acquisition module 113 acquires the pulse of the finger tip of the human body and the signal change generated by the difference of the absorption rate of the oxyhemoglobin under the light of a specific wavelength, and processes the oxy.
The microprocessor a210, the microprocessor B309, the microprocessor C413, the microprocessor D510, and the microprocessor E610 are STM32 series single-chip microcomputers developed by the mindset group.
The structure of the electrocardiographic respiration acquisition module 109 is shown in fig. 2, and includes an electrocardiographic and respiration sensor 201, an electrocardiographic and respiration signal conditioning unit 202, an electrocardiographic and respiration signal acquisition unit 203, and an electrocardiographic and respiration signal processing unit 204.
The electrocardio and respiration signal sensor 201 can adopt an electrocardio electrode patch 205 which is pasted on the surface of the human thorax, the electrocardio electrode patch 205 which is pasted on the surface of the human thorax detects the electrocardio and respiration initial electric signals of the human body, and transmits the monitored initial electric signals to the electrocardio and respiration signal conditioning unit 202; a filter circuit A206, an amplifying circuit A207 and a shaping circuit A208 in the electrocardio and respiration signal conditioning unit 202 sequentially filter, amplify and shape the electrocardio and respiration initial electrical signals and transmit the processed electrocardio and respiration electrical signals to an electrocardio and respiration signal acquisition unit 203; an analog-to-digital converter A209 in the electrocardio and respiratory signal acquisition unit 203 converts the electric signal into a digital signal through A/D (analog-to-digital) conversion, and further transmits the digital signal to the electrocardio and respiratory signal processing unit 204; the microprocessor a210 in the electrocardio-respiration signal processing unit 204 is used for receiving and processing the digital signal from the electrocardio-respiration signal acquisition unit 203, converting the digital signal into electrocardio-respiration physiological parameter data, sending the electrocardio-respiration physiological parameter data to the micro central control module 103, receiving an electrocardio-respiration acquisition or stop instruction sent by the micro central control module 103, and controlling the electrocardio-respiration sensor 201 to detect electrocardio-respiration signals of a human body.
The structure of the body temperature acquisition module 110 is shown in fig. 3, and includes a body temperature sensor 301, a body temperature signal conditioning unit 302, a body temperature signal acquisition unit 303, and a body temperature signal processing unit 304.
The body temperature signal sensor 301 can adopt a contact thermistor (body temperature probe) 305, the contact thermistor 305 is placed at the armpit of a human body, the corresponding current is detected according to the change of the resistance value of the thermistor according to the change of the temperature, and the monitored initial electric signal is transmitted to the body temperature signal conditioning unit 302; a filter circuit B306 and an amplifying circuit B307 in the body temperature signal conditioning unit 302 filter and amplify the body temperature initial electric signal, and transmit the processed body temperature electric signal to the body temperature signal acquisition unit 303; an analog-to-digital converter B308 in the body temperature signal acquisition unit 303 converts the electric signal into a digital signal through A/D (analog-to-digital) conversion, and further transmits the digital signal to the body temperature signal processing unit 304; the micro-processor B309 in the body temperature signal processing unit 304 receives and processes the digital signal from the body temperature signal acquisition unit 303, converts the digital signal into body temperature physiological parameter data, sends the body temperature physiological parameter data to the micro central control module 103, receives a body temperature acquisition or stop instruction sent by the micro central control module 103, and controls the body temperature sensor 301 to detect a body temperature signal.
The structure of the blood pressure collecting module 111 is shown in fig. 4, and includes a blood pressure sensor 401, a blood pressure signal conditioning unit 402, a blood pressure signal collecting unit 403, and a blood pressure signal processing unit 404.
The blood pressure sensor 401 can adopt a pressure sensor 407, the pressure sensor 407 is wrapped on the upper arm of the human body by an air bag to detect corresponding pressure signals related to blood pressure, an air pump 405 and an air valve 406 are also needed when the blood pressure is collected, and the air pump 405 and the air valve 406 are connected with the pressure sensor 407 and used for assisting the pressure sensor 407 to collect pressure signals; when the micro-processor C413 in the blood pressure signal processing unit 404 receives a blood pressure acquisition instruction sent by the micro central control module 103, the air pump 405 is controlled to inflate the air bag, so that the pressure sensor 407 detects a pressure change; when the micro-processor C413 in the blood pressure signal processing unit 404 receives the blood pressure collection stop instruction sent by the micro central control module 103, the air valve 406 is controlled to deflate the air bag, and the pressure sensor 407 no longer detects the pressure change. The pressure signal is converted into an electric signal through the current sampling resistor 408, and the initial electric signal is transmitted to the blood pressure signal conditioning unit 402; a filtering circuit C409, an amplifying circuit C410 and a shaping circuit C411 in the blood pressure signal conditioning unit 402 carry out filtering, amplifying and shaping processing on the blood pressure initial electric signal, and transmit the processed blood pressure electric signal to a blood pressure signal acquisition unit 403; an analog-to-digital converter C412 in the blood pressure signal acquisition unit 403 converts the electric signal into a digital signal through a/D analog-to-digital conversion, and further transmits the digital signal to the blood pressure signal processing unit 404; the micro processor C413 in the blood pressure signal processing unit 404 is configured to receive and process the digital signal from the blood pressure signal collecting unit 403, convert the digital signal into blood pressure physiological parameter data, send the blood pressure physiological parameter data to the micro central control module 103, receive a blood pressure collecting or stopping instruction sent by the micro central control module 103, and control the blood pressure sensor 401 to detect a blood pressure signal of the human body.
The structure of the electroencephalogram acquisition module 112 is shown in fig. 5, and includes an electroencephalogram sensor 501, an electroencephalogram signal conditioning unit 502, an electroencephalogram signal acquisition unit 503, and an electroencephalogram signal processing unit 504.
The electroencephalogram signal sensor 501 can adopt an active electrode cap 505, the active electrode cap 505 is placed on the human brain to detect an electroencephalogram initial electric signal, and the monitored initial electric signal is transmitted to the electroencephalogram signal conditioning unit 502; a filtering circuit D506, an amplifying circuit D507 and a shaping circuit D508 in the electroencephalogram signal conditioning unit 502 carry out filtering, amplifying and shaping processing on the electroencephalogram initial electrical signal, and the processed electroencephalogram electrical signal is transmitted to an electroencephalogram signal acquisition unit 503; an analog-to-digital converter D509 in the electroencephalogram signal acquisition unit 503 converts the electric signals into digital signals through A/D (analog-to-digital) conversion, and further transmits the digital signals to an electroencephalogram signal processing unit 504; the micro-processor D510 in the electroencephalogram signal processing unit 504 is used for receiving and processing the digital signal from the electroencephalogram signal acquisition unit 503, converting the digital signal into electroencephalogram physiological parameter data, sending the electroencephalogram physiological parameter data to the micro central control module 103, receiving an electroencephalogram acquisition or stop instruction sent by the micro central control module 103, and controlling the electroencephalogram sensor 501 to detect electroencephalogram signals of a human body.
The blood oxygen saturation and pulse acquisition module 113 is structured as shown in fig. 6, and includes a pulse and blood oxygen saturation sensor 601, a pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal conditioning unit 602, a pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal acquisition unit 603 and a pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal processing unit 604, wherein the pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal sensor 601 can adopt a photoelectric sensor 605, the photoelectric sensor 605 generates a correspondingly changed optical signal when a human fingertip detects light transmitting blood oxygen albumin and hemoglobin, converts the optical signal into an electrical signal through a photoelectric element in the photoelectric sensor, and transmits the monitored initial electrical signal to the pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal conditioning unit 602; a filter circuit E606, an amplifier circuit E607 and a shaping circuit E608 in the pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal conditioning unit 602 filter, amplify and shape the pulse and blood oxygen saturation initial electrical signal, and transmit the processed pulse and blood oxygen saturation electrical signal to a pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal acquisition unit 603; an analog-to-digital converter E609 in the pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal acquisition unit 603 converts the electric signal into a digital signal through A/D (analog-to-digital) conversion, and further transmits the digital signal to a pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal processing unit 604; the micro processor E610 in the pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal processing unit 604 is used for receiving and processing the digital signal from the pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal acquisition unit 603, converting the digital signal into pulse and blood oxygen saturation physiological parameter data, sending the pulse and blood oxygen saturation physiological parameter data to the micro central control module 103, receiving a pulse and blood oxygen saturation acquisition or stop instruction sent by the micro central control module 103, and controlling the pulse and blood oxygen saturation sensor 601 to detect the pulse and blood oxygen saturation signals of the human body.
In fig. 1, the device switch 105 in the wearable smart device 100 is used to execute a start or stop command of a user for data acquisition and data transmission of the wearable smart device, the user presses the device switch 105 for the first time to start the wearable smart device 100, the micro central control module 103 in the wearable smart device 100 starts to issue a physiological data acquisition command, and wirelessly transmits the acquired physiological data and position information to the wearer mobile terminal 115 for a short distance, and remotely transmits the physiological data and position information to the family terminal 118 and the doctor terminal 120, the user presses the device switch 105 again to close the wearable smart device 100, and the wearable smart device 100 stops data acquisition and data transmission.
When a user firstly presses the device switch 105 to start the wearable intelligent device 100, the micro central control module 103 firstly sends out an acquisition instruction to control the physiological acquisition module 108 to collect physiological signals through the central electrical respiration acquisition module 109, the body temperature acquisition module 110, the blood pressure acquisition module 111, the electroencephalogram acquisition module 112 and the blood oxygen saturation and pulse acquisition module 113, each acquisition module microprocessor receives the electroencephalogram acquisition instruction sent out by the micro central control module 103 to control the corresponding sensor to acquire the physiological signals, the signal conditioning unit performs one or more of filtering, amplifying and shaping treatment on the acquired physiological signals, the electric signals are converted into digital signals through A/D conversion of an analog-to-digital converter, and the digital signals are processed into physiological parameter data by the microprocessors of the acquisition modules and then sent to the miniature central control module 103. Secondly, when the microprocessor of each acquisition module finds that the physiological data abnormity exceeds a value set threshold value, the microprocessor informs the miniature central control module 103, after receiving the abnormity notification, the miniature central control module 103 controls to start the satellite positioning module 106 and the vibration alarm module 107, the satellite positioning module 106 can comprise a Beidou satellite and a GPS, and when the satellite positioning module 106 receives a starting instruction, the current position information of a user is acquired; the vibration alarm module 106 is composed of a control chip and a vibration alarm, and after the control chip receives the instruction, the control chip controls the vibration alarm to send out a vibration alarm to prompt a user that the physiological data is abnormal, so that the user can find the physiological data abnormal at the first time. When the abnormal physiological data is removed, the micro central control module 103 issues a stop instruction to the satellite positioning module 106 and the vibration alarm module 107, the satellite positioning module 106 stops acquiring the current position information of the user, and the vibration alarm stops alarming; the micro central control module 103 outputs the physiological parameter data and the position information of the user when the physiological parameter data is abnormal to the wireless remote communication module 101 and the wireless short-distance communication module 102 in real time. The micro central control module 103 adopts a microprocessor with serial port communication and various I/O interface control capabilities, and can use an STM32 series single chip microcomputer developed by Italian semiconductor group.
The wireless transmission module comprises a wireless remote communication module 101 and a wireless short-distance communication module 102 and is used for receiving the physiological parameter data and the position information sent by the miniature central control module 103, and the wireless short-distance communication module 102 sends the data to the mobile terminal 115 of the wearer in a wireless short-distance manner after receiving the physiological parameter data and the position information sent by the miniature central control module 103; after receiving the physiological parameter data and the position information sent by the micro central control module 103, the wireless remote communication module 101 sends the data to the family terminal 118 and the doctor terminal 120 in a wireless remote manner, and when the physiological data is abnormal, the micro central control module 103 sends abnormal data reminding information to the wireless remote communication module 101 and sends the abnormal data reminding information to the family terminal 118 and the doctor terminal 120 in a wireless remote manner. The short-range wireless communication network 114 includes one or more of bluetooth, zigbee he, WIFI communication, and the wireless telecommunication technology may use global system for mobile communications GSM 117.
As shown in fig. 7, the wearable smart device 100 is installed with physiological parameter software on the wearable mobile terminal 115 for receiving data transmitted by the wearable smart device 100 in a wireless short distance, wherein the application software is provided with a wearable user interface 116 including a personal center, a data display, a data center, a network service, and an emergency call; the user can log in the physiological parameter software through the wearer mobile terminal 115 to perform operations such as entering a personal information center to modify personal information, checking physiological data collected in real time, remotely accessing a data center, accessing a webpage, calling a contact person urgently and the like. The family terminal 118 is also provided with physiological parameter software for receiving data wirelessly and remotely sent by the wearable intelligent device 100, wherein the application software is provided with a family user interface 119, and the family user interface 119 comprises information display, abnormal data reminding, position positioning, emergency calling and a data center; the family members can log in the physiological parameter software through the family member terminal 118, and the collected physiological and position data of the wearer can be checked, the data center can be remotely accessed, the webpage can be accessed, the contact person can be called in an emergency, and the like. The doctor terminal 120 is also provided with physiological parameter software for receiving data wirelessly and remotely sent by the wearable intelligent device 100, wherein the application software is provided with a doctor user interface 121 comprising an information display, an abnormal data reminding, an emergency call and a data center; the doctor can log in the physiological parameter software through the doctor terminal 120, and perform operations such as entering a personal information center to modify personal information, checking acquired wearer physiological data, remotely accessing the data center, accessing a webpage, calling a contact person urgently and the like, and when the doctor remotely accesses the data center, the doctor can regularly edit a medical report according to the physiological data of the user and upload the medical report to the data center 123. The wearer mobile terminal 115, family terminal 118, and doctor terminal 120 may include cell phones, smart watches, tablet computers, laptop computers, and the like. The wearable mobile terminal 115, the family terminal 118 and the doctor terminal 120 can communicate with each other through the internet 122, when the wearable mobile terminal 115, the family terminal 118 and the doctor terminal 120 receive abnormal data reminding information sent by the wearable intelligent device 100, corresponding software can automatically pop up a one-key emergency call rescue function, the family and the user or the user and the doctor can make a call through telephone communication in the emergency call, the user is guided to perform emergency self-rescue and alarm, the doctor is called at the first time, and more time is provided for treatment of diseases.
The wearable mobile terminal 115, the family terminal 118 and the doctor terminal 120 can communicate with each other through corresponding software of the internet 122 while receiving and displaying data, and can further upload the data to the data center 123 through the internet 122, the remote data center 123 comprises a data processing center I124 and a data processing center II125, after the remote data center 123 receives physiological data, the cloud computing module 126 analyzes and processes the data, stores the data in a database, and the medical reporting center receives medical report analysis regularly edited by a doctor and periodically sends the medical report analysis to the wearable mobile terminal 115 and the family terminal 118 to monitor and prevent the disease development law. The user, family member and doctor can remotely access the cloud computing module 126 by using the wearer mobile terminal 115, family member terminal 118 and doctor terminal 120, and the cloud computing module 126 comprises analysis processing, database, network service and medical report of data.
The battery module 104 includes a battery, a charging circuit, a USB interface, and a connector, and the battery is a lithium charging battery. When the battery is charged, one end of the connecting wire is connected with the USB interface of the battery module 104, and the other end is connected with an external power supply. The wearable intelligent device 100 comprises a wireless remote communication module 101, a wireless short-distance communication module 102, a miniature central control module 103, a device switch 105, a satellite positioning module 106, a vibration alarm module 107, an electrocardio respiration acquisition module 109, a body temperature acquisition module 110, a blood pressure acquisition module 111, an electroencephalogram acquisition module 112, a blood oxygen saturation and pulse acquisition module 113 and a battery module 104 which are connected, are integrated on the same circuit board and are powered by a lithium rechargeable battery.
The wearable intelligent device 100 is wearable in physical form, and can be one or more of short sleeves, hooded shirts, short shirts and jackets; the body-worn sensor is closely attached to the surface of a human body, and can accurately monitor the physiological data of the human body in real time. Wearable smart machine 100 is highly integrated, small, the daily dress of being convenient for.
Referring to fig. 7, the wearable intelligent device 100 wirelessly transmits the real-time collected physiological data and position information to the user interface of the wearer mobile terminal 115 in a short distance, wirelessly transmits the physiological data and position information to the family terminal 118 and the doctor terminal 120 in a long distance, the wearer mobile terminal 115, the family terminal 118 and the doctor terminal 120 receive and display the data, and further uploads the data to the data center 123 through the internet 122, the data center 123 is used for receiving, analyzing and storing the data, and periodically generates a medical report to be fed back to the user and the family.
The invention provides a wearable remote health monitoring method, which comprises the following specific implementation steps:
step 1, acquiring physiological parameters and position information of a human body in real time through an electrocardio-respiration acquisition module 109, a body temperature acquisition module 110, a blood pressure acquisition module 111, an electroencephalogram acquisition module 112, a blood oxygen saturation and pulse acquisition module 113 and a satellite positioning module 106 of the wearable intelligent device 100, and obtaining the physiological parameters and the position information of the human body including electrocardio, body temperature, electroencephalogram, blood pressure, blood oxygen saturation, pulse, respiration rate and the like;
step 2, transmitting the physiological parameters and the position information of each human body to a mobile terminal 115 of a wearer through a wireless short-distance communication network 114, and transmitting the physiological parameters and the position information of each human body to a family terminal 118 and a doctor terminal 120 through a global system for mobile communications (GSM) 117;
step 3, when the collected physiological data is abnormal, the wearable intelligent device 100 starts an alarm module 107 to alarm by vibration; when the wearer mobile terminal 115, the family terminal 118 and the doctor terminal 120 receive the abnormal data, a one-key emergency call rescue function is automatically popped up;
and 4, step 4: after the data are received by the wearer mobile terminal 115, the family member terminal 118 and the doctor terminal 120, the human physiological data are uploaded to the data center 123 through the internet 122;
and 5: the cloud computing module 126 of the data center 123 analyzes and processes various human physiological parameters, and stores the data in a database of the server;
step 6: a doctor can regularly edit a medical report according to physiological data of a user through the doctor terminal 120 and upload the medical report to a medical report center of the data center 123, and the medical report center regularly feeds back the medical report to be sent to the wearer mobile terminal 115 and the family member terminal 118, so that reasonable future health planning is provided for the user, disease development rules can be monitored, professional medical guidance is provided, and the health state of the user is better monitored;
and 7: through the wearer mobile terminal 115, the family terminal 118 and the doctor terminal 120, the user, family or doctor remotely accesses the medical report center of the data center 123, and can view and download the physiological data of the user in the database.
After a user wears the intelligent equipment, the physiological health condition of the user can be monitored in real time through the intelligent monitoring system, the physiological data abnormity can be found at the first time, family members and doctors can receive and find the physiological data abnormity of the user at the first time to carry out emergency call rescue, the remote monitoring strength is improved, the physiological data is uploaded to the remote data center, medical reports can be periodically separated, future health planning can be made for the user, disease development rules can be monitored, and professional medical guidance is provided.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a wearing formula telemedicine health monitoring system which characterized in that: including wearing formula smart machine, wearing formula smart machine realizes short distance wireless transmission data through short distance wireless communication network and user mobile terminal, wearing formula smart machine realizes long distance wireless transmission data through global system for mobile communication network GSM respectively with family members terminal and doctor terminal, wearing formula smart machine passes through wireless short distance communication network and is connected with wearing person mobile terminal, doctor terminal and family members terminal pass through the internet and connect data center.
2. The wearable telemedicine healthcare system of claim 1, wherein: wearable intelligent equipment includes miniature central control module, and wireless remote communication module, wireless short distance communication module, vibrations alarm module, satellite positioning module, device switch, battery module and physiology acquisition module are connected respectively to miniature central control module.
3. The wearable telemedicine healthcare system of claim 2, wherein: the physiological acquisition processing module comprises an electrocardio-respiration acquisition module, a body temperature acquisition module, a blood pressure acquisition module, an electroencephalogram acquisition module and a blood oxygen saturation and pulse acquisition module;
the electrocardio-respiration acquisition module comprises an electrocardio-respiration sensor, an electrocardio-respiration signal conditioning unit, an electrocardio-respiration signal acquisition unit and an electrocardio-respiration signal processing unit which are sequentially connected;
the body temperature acquisition module comprises a body temperature sensor, a body temperature signal conditioning unit, a body temperature signal acquisition unit and a body temperature signal processing unit which are connected in sequence;
the blood pressure acquisition module comprises a blood pressure acquisition sensor which is connected in sequence, and the blood pressure acquisition sensor is connected with a blood pressure signal conditioning unit, a blood pressure signal acquisition unit and a blood pressure signal processing unit in sequence;
the electroencephalogram acquisition module comprises an electroencephalogram sensor, an electroencephalogram signal conditioning unit, an electroencephalogram signal acquisition unit and an electroencephalogram signal processing unit which are connected in sequence;
the blood oxygen saturation and pulse acquisition module comprises a pulse and blood oxygen saturation sensor, a pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal conditioning unit, a pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal acquisition unit and a pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal processing unit which are sequentially connected.
4. The wearable telemedicine healthcare system of claim 3, wherein:
the electrocardio and respiration sensor adopts an electrocardio electrode patch which is stuck to the surface of the chest cavity of a human body;
the electrocardio and respiration signal conditioning unit comprises a filter circuit A, an amplifying circuit A and a shaping circuit A which are connected in sequence;
the electrocardio and respiration signal acquisition unit comprises an analog-to-digital converter A;
the filter circuit A is connected with the electrocardio-electrode patch, and the shaping circuit is connected with the analog-to-digital converter A;
the electrocardio and respiration signal processing unit comprises a microprocessor A; the microprocessor A is connected with the analog-to-digital converter A.
5. The wearable telemedicine healthcare system of claim 3, wherein: the body temperature sensor adopts a touch thermistor body temperature probe;
the body temperature signal conditioning unit comprises a filter circuit B and an amplifying circuit B which are sequentially connected;
the body temperature signal acquisition unit comprises an analog-to-digital converter B;
the body temperature signal processing unit comprises a microprocessor B;
the thermistor is connected with the filter circuit B, the amplifying circuit B is connected with the analog-to-digital converter B, and the analog-to-digital converter B is also connected with the microprocessor B.
6. The wearable telemedicine healthcare system of claim 3, wherein: the blood pressure signal sensor comprises an air pump, an air valve, a pressure sensor and a current sampling resistor which are connected in sequence;
the blood pressure signal conditioning unit comprises a filter circuit C, an amplifying circuit C and a shaping circuit C which are connected in sequence;
the blood pressure signal acquisition unit comprises an analog-to-digital converter C;
the blood pressure signal processing unit comprises a microprocessor C;
the circuit sampling resistor is connected with the filter circuit C, the shaping circuit C is connected with the analog-to-digital converter C, and the analog-to-digital converter C is connected with the microprocessor C.
7. The wearable telemedicine healthcare system of claim 3, wherein: the electroencephalogram sensor adopts an active electrode cap;
the electroencephalogram signal conditioning unit comprises a filter circuit D, an amplifying circuit D and a shaping circuit D which are connected in sequence;
the electroencephalogram signal acquisition unit comprises an analog-to-digital converter D;
the electroencephalogram signal processing unit comprises a micro-processor D;
the active electrode is connected with a filter circuit D, the shaping circuit D is connected with an analog-to-digital converter D, and the analog-to-digital converter D is connected with a microprocessor D.
8. The wearable telemedicine healthcare system of claim 3, wherein: the pulse and blood oxygen saturation sensor adopts a photoelectric sensor;
the pulse and oxyhemoglobin saturation signal conditioning unit comprises a filter circuit E, an amplifying circuit E and a shaping circuit E which are connected in sequence;
the pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal acquisition unit comprises an analog-to-digital converter E;
the pulse and blood oxygen saturation signal processing unit comprises a microprocessor E;
the photoelectric sensor is connected with the filter circuit E, the shaping circuit E is connected with the analog-to-digital converter E, and the analog-to-digital converter E is connected with the microprocessor E.
9. A wearable remote medical health monitoring method is characterized by comprising the following steps:
step 1, acquiring physiological parameters and position information of a human body in real time through a physiological acquisition module and a satellite positioning module in wearable intelligent equipment to obtain the physiological parameters and the position information of the human body, including electrocardio, body temperature, electroencephalogram, blood pressure, blood oxygen saturation, pulse and respiratory rate;
step 2, the human physiological parameters and the position information acquired in the step 1 are sent to a mobile terminal of a wearer through a wireless short-distance communication network, and the human physiological parameters and the position information acquired in the step 1 are sent to a family terminal and a doctor terminal through a global system for mobile communications (GSM);
step 3, when the physiological data collected in the step 1 are abnormal, the wearable intelligent equipment starts a vibration alarm module to perform vibration alarm; when the mobile terminal of the wearer, the doctor terminal and the family terminal receive abnormal data, a one-key emergency call rescue function is automatically popped up;
step 4, after the mobile terminal of the wearer, the doctor terminal and the family terminal receive the data collected in the step 1, uploading the human body physiological data to a data center through the internet;
step 5, a cloud computing module of the data center analyzes and processes various human physiological parameters, and stores data into a database of the server;
step 6, a doctor regularly edits a medical report according to the physiological data of the user through the doctor terminal and uploads the medical report to a medical report center of the data center, and the medical report center regularly feeds back the medical report and sends the medical report to the mobile terminal of the wearer and the family terminal;
and 7, through the mobile terminal of the wearer, the doctor terminal and the family member terminal, the user, the family member or the doctor remotely accesses the medical report center of the data center, and the physiological data of the user in the database can be checked and downloaded.
CN202011181634.3A 2020-10-29 2020-10-29 Wearable remote medical health monitoring system and monitoring method thereof Pending CN112370031A (en)

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