CN1745698A - Modular combined personal and digital healthy assistant device - Google Patents

Modular combined personal and digital healthy assistant device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1745698A
CN1745698A CNA2005100280234A CN200510028023A CN1745698A CN 1745698 A CN1745698 A CN 1745698A CN A2005100280234 A CNA2005100280234 A CN A2005100280234A CN 200510028023 A CN200510028023 A CN 200510028023A CN 1745698 A CN1745698 A CN 1745698A
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computer
signal
interface
device
data
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高春平
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高春平
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Abstract

A modular personalized digital health aid for the personalized health monitor, education, training and management is composed of multiple integrated intelligent physiological signal sensor modules, data storage and computer interface module, physiological signal and acquiring box, and PC or mobile computer.

Description

模块化组合型个性化数字健康助理 Modular Combined personalized digital health assistant

所属技术领域本发明涉及一种家庭健康设备,尤其涉及一种应用于家庭健康保健的模块化组合型个性化数字健康助理装置,更具体地说,这是一种以不同功能、不同结构的多个模块,采用标准接口与家用个人电脑或移动式电脑装置进行双向数据通讯,利用家用电脑装置作为操作和应用平台,开展个性化健康监测、教育、训练和管理,由多种不同类型集成化智能型生理信号传感器模块,数据贮存、计算机接口模块或由生理信号采集盒与个人电脑及移动型电脑装置组成,用户可以根据个人的健康需要,任意组合适合自己需求的,价廉物美的个性化数字健康助理装置,这种装置可以广泛地应用于不同层次、不同需求的家庭健康保健中。 The present invention relates to the art a home health device, in particular the combination of modular type personalized digital health assistant relates to a device used in home health care, and more specifically, it is a different function, many different structures modules, standard interfaces with a home PC or mobile computer device for two-way data communication using the home computer operating system and applications as a platform to carry out personalized health monitoring, education, training and management of a variety of different types of integrated intelligent type physiological signal sensor module, data storage, or the computer interface module physiological signal acquisition cartridge with personal computers and mobile computer apparatus composed of a user according to individual health needs, any combination suited to their needs, cheap personalized digital health assistant apparatus which can be widely applied to different levels, different needs of home health care in.

技术背景家庭健康保健越来越成为现代社会人们日益强烈的需求,而实施科学合理的家庭健康保健的重要条件之一,就是拥有功能齐全、价廉物美和符合个人健康需要的家庭健康保健设备。 BACKGROUND home health care has increasingly become a modern society, people increasingly strong demand, while the implementation of one of the important scientific and rational family health care, is to have a fully functional, cheap and consistent with home health care devices for personal health needs.

目前,市场上供应的家庭健康保健设备,不但价格昂贵,而且功能单一,很难满足个人及家庭的个性化要求,而且其价格之昂贵,也使一般家庭所望尘莫及,究其原因,仍因这些设备中大多数是完全模仿医院所用专业设备,其造价昂贵的原因之一是,这些设备都是独立设计、制造的医疗设备,其本身拥有生理信号采集、处理、分析、显示所用的独立功能,其液晶显示屏、显示屏驱动器、人机界面、输入装置、外壳、专用线路板、专用Modem、专用大规模微处理器芯片等都价格昂贵,由于设备生产的批量生产规模较小,更增加了生产和采购成本,而这些成本构成了设备成本的大部份,由于软件程序通常固化在半导体芯片中,所以设备的软件升级和更新换代根本不可能,另外,由于设备的内置微处理器运算功能有限,固化软件程序有限,RAM空间大小受到 Currently, the market supply of home health care equipment, is not only expensive, but also features a single, difficult to meet the individual requirements of individuals and families, but also the price of expensive, too far behind the average family reason, because these are still most equipment is completely mimic the specialized hospital equipment, one of its costly because these devices are independent design, manufacture of medical equipment, which itself has a physiological signal acquisition, processing, analysis, display individual functions used, the LCD display, display driver, a man-machine interface, an input device, a housing, a dedicated circuit board, special Modem, a dedicated microprocessor chip scale so expensive, due to the small scale batch production equipment, adds production and procurement costs, but these costs constitute a large part of the cost of equipment, since the software program is typically cured in the semiconductor chip, so the software upgrade and replacement equipment impossible. in addition, since the built-in microprocessor computing capabilities of the device limited, finite firmware program, the RAM space by 制,使设备难以完成需要大量计算才能完成的高级功能,最后,因缺乏与计算机通讯的能力,监测结果很难作长时间记录,也很难完成数据管理、会诊及远程联网会诊的各项功能。 System, so that each function requires a lot of computing equipment difficult to complete in order to complete the advanced features, and finally, because of the lack of ability to communicate with the computer, monitoring results difficult to make long-time recording, it is difficult to complete the data management, consultation and remote network consultation .

本发明的目的是,根据用户个人的个性化健康需求,将生理信号采集、放大部份设计为集成化智能型传感器,将信号A/D转换及信号贮存部份设计为数据存贮,计算机接口模块或或将上述功能组合在生理信号采集盒内,通过专用计算机接口与个人电脑或移动型微型电脑装置交换数据,完成个性化健康测试、监护、教育、训练、治疗等功能,不但在功能上满足不同个人的健康需求,在价格上,也能大幅度降低,以满足个人或家庭的消费能力。 The present invention is based on the user's personalized health needs of the individual, the signal sampling, amplification as an integrated part of the design of intelligent sensors, the signal A / D conversion and signal storage portion designed to store data, computer interface the above-described functions, or modules or combined in a physiological signal collecting box, via a dedicated computer interface with a personal computer or mobile device microcomputer exchange data, test complete personalized health, care, education, training and treatment function, not only in function to meet the health needs of different individuals, in terms of price, but also significantly reduced in order to meet the consumption capacity of individuals or families.

发明内容 SUMMARY

为了实现本发明的目的,本发明解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案,其特征是,这是一种以不同功能、不同结构的多个模块,采用标准接口与家用个人电脑或移动式电脑装置进行双向数据通讯,利用家用电脑装置作为操作和应用平台,开展个性化健康监测、教育、训练和管理,由多种不同类型集成化智能型生理信号传感器模块,数据贮存、计算机接口模块或由生理信号采集盒与个人电脑及移动型电脑装置组成,用户可以根据个人的健康需要,任意组合适合自己需求的,价廉物美的个性化数字健康助理装置,这种装置可以广泛地应用于不同层次、不同需求的家庭健康保健中。 To achieve the object of the present invention, the present invention solves the technical problems the technical solution adopted, which is characterized in that it is a different function, the plurality of modules of different structures, using standard interface with the home personal computer or mobile computer device two-way data communication using the home computer operating system and applications as a platform to carry out personalized health monitoring, education, training and management of a variety of different types of integrated intelligent physiological signal sensor module, data storage, computer interface module or by the physiological signal capture box with personal computers and mobile computing devices composed, users can based on individual health needs, any combination suited to their needs, cheap, personalized digital health assistant device which can be widely used at different levels, home health care needs of different.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置采用个人电脑和/或移动型电脑装置作为数据处理分析、数据存贮、数据通讯、数据显示的操作平台,应用平台和人机界面采用集成化智能型;生理信号和数据贮存,计算机接口模块与之进行数据通讯,完成生理信号采集、滤波、放大,A/D转换,将经过处理和转换的数字化生理信号通过接口模块传输至电脑装置进一步处理、分析、贮存、显示和通讯传输;同时采用集成化智能型生理信号传感器作为生理信号监护和生物反馈放松训练模块,采集用户的生理信号,经滤波、放大,A/D转换为数字信号,通过计算机接口模块传输至电脑装置进一步处理、分析、贮存、显示和通讯传输。 Technical features of the present invention, the present invention device uses a personal computer and / or mobile computing device as a data processing and analysis, data storage, data communication, data display platform, application platform, and man-machine interface using integrated intelligent; physiological signals and data storage, the computer interface module with data communication, complete physiological signal acquisition, filtering, amplification, a / D conversion, the digitized physiological signals and transforms transmitted to the computer means for further processing, analysis through the interface module, storage, display and communication transmission; while using integrated intelligent physiological signal sensor as a physiological signal monitor and biofeedback relaxation training module, collecting the user's physiological signal, filtered, amplified, converted a / D to a digital signal, through the computer interface module transmitted to the computer means for further processing, analysis, storage, display and communication transmission.

本发明中所述的个人电脑系指个人或家庭应用的台式电脑、笔记本电脑、或掌上型电脑等,本发明中所述的移动型电脑装置,系指带有微处理器和贮存芯片,具有数据处理、计算、贮存、显示功能的任何移动型电脑装置,包括但不限于个人数字助理(PDA)、电子辞典、电子游戏机、数码相机、手提电话、DVD播放机等装置。 The present invention refers to a personal computer or home use personal desktop, laptop, or palmtop computer, etc., according to the present invention, mobile computing devices, and storage means with a microprocessor chip, having data processing, computing, storage, display any mobile computer device functions, including but not limited to a personal digital assistant (PDA), electronic dictionaries, electronic game machines, digital cameras, mobile phones, DVD players and other devices.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置中的数据存储、计算机接口模块为基础装置,由外壳、微处理器(包括单片机芯片、DSP芯片等)、FLASH存储芯片或微型硬盘等数据存储装置、计算机接口装置(包括USB接口电路及其接口,或RS232接口电路或接口等)、多个外围设备接口电路及其接插件构成,其中数据存储芯片存储多个专用型应用软件,多个外围设备驱动软件,接口软件及其他类型软件或数据,并通过计算机接口装置与计算机进行双向数据交换及其通讯;其中的计算机接口由接口电路、接口软件及接插专用配件组成,承担多个外围设备及数据存贮装置与计算机之间双向数据交换及通讯功能,计算机接口装置可以同时具有多个多种类型计算机接口,以适应不同类型个人电脑装置或个人数据助理装置的不同需求,这些接口类型包括USB2.0接口,USB1.1接口,RS-232接 Technical features of the present invention, the data storage device according to the present invention, a computer based device interface module, a housing, a microprocessor (including single chip, the DSP chip, etc.), FLASH memory chip or a micro hard disk data storage device, a computer interface means (including a USB interface and an interface circuit or an interface circuit or an interface RS232, etc.), a plurality of peripheral interface circuit and connector configuration, wherein the chip stores a plurality of data storage dedicated software applications, the plurality of peripheral device drivers , interface software, and other types of software or data, and two-way data exchange and communication with a computer through the computer interface means; wherein the computer interface by the interface circuitry, interfaces and software dedicated connector fitting composition, and to assume a plurality of peripheral data storage between the storage device and the computer and communication bidirectional data exchange, the computer interface device may have a plurality of various types of computer interfaces simultaneously, to accommodate the different needs of different types of personal computer device or a personal data assistant device, which includes a USB2.0 interface types interfaces, USB1.1 interfaces, RS-232 connection ,SPI接口,I2C接口或IEEE接口。 , SPI interfaces, I2C interface or an IEEE interface. 采用接口的类型根据不同的用户群体选择,最常用的接口类型为USB接口,可根据需要留多个接口,以便适应不同设备或多台设备同时应用,其中外围设备接口,是指与不同的外围设备之间通讯的接口,由相应的接口电路,接口软件及其不同的接插件组成,上述的外围设备接口装置主要用来承担上述外部设备与电脑装置的连接及数据传输功能,其中的微处理器可以采用内置A/D转换电路和多路电子转换开关,D/A转换电路及多个I/O接口的微处理器系统芯片(System on Chips.Soc)或其他带有USB接口驱动功能的单片机芯片,也可以采用其他单片机芯片或DSP芯片,其主要功能是管理集成化智能型生理信号传输器的信号采集、放大、滤波、A/D转换、生理信号贮存及其传输至电脑装置,微处理器的功能设置可以简化为采用数个简单按钮控制,或通过电脑装置的输入装置及 Using the interface type selection according to different user groups, the most common type of interface is a USB interface, multiple interfaces may remain necessary, to accommodate different devices or application devices simultaneously, wherein the peripheral device interface means and different peripherals communication between the interface device, by the corresponding interface circuit, and various interface software connectors composition, the above-described peripheral interface device is mainly used to bear the data transmission connection and the external devices and the computer device, wherein the microprocessor may use the built-in a / D conversion circuit and an electronic switch multiplexer, D / a conversion circuit and a plurality of I / O interface of the microprocessor system chip (system on Chips.Soc) with a USB interface or other drive functions single chip, the chip may be used as another microcontroller or DSP chip, its main function is to manage the intelligent integrated signal transmitter physiological signal acquisition, amplification, filtering, a / D conversion, the physiological signals transmitted to the computer and storage apparatus, a micro the processor feature set can be simplified to employ several simple buttons, or by the computer means and the input means 机界面来实施对其的控制,必要时,也可以采用数个开关或按钮控制其信号采集、调理、A/D转换、记录、传输等功能,采用数码显示管或数码型液晶屏等简单显示器,显示其工作状态,其中的贮存芯片可以采用闪烁存贮芯片、条状存贮芯片或微型硬盘装置,其主要功能是贮存信号采集、调理、A/D转换、传输相关的应用软件,及其存贮采集的生理信号数值,存贮芯片的容量根据用户需求确定,尽可能选用具有较大贮存容量即128MB~512MB贮存容量的贮存芯片,后者由微处理器进行管理。 Machine interface to implement a control thereof, if necessary, may be used a number of control switches or buttons which signal acquisition, conditioning, A / D conversion, recording, transmission and other functions, the use of a simple digital display or a digital display tube type liquid crystal screen, etc. , shows its operating state, wherein the storage chip memory chip flashing, strip or Microdrive memory chip means can be employed, whose primary function is the storage signal acquisition, conditioning, a / D conversion, application software related to the transmission, and storing values ​​of a physiological signal acquisition, storage capacity of the chip is determined according to user needs, as the choice of having a large storage capacity that is the storage capacity of 128MB ~ 512MB storage chip, which is managed by the microprocessor. 其中的外壳为塑料模制或金属外壳喷塑制备,用于固定上述各个装置,安装计算机接口接插件及外周设备接插件在外壳的外围表面,便于接插连接,外壳表面可以安装弹簧夹子或装置带扣,用来钳夹或通过尼龙带固定在用户身上,外壳还可以设计为插卡式形状,直接连接在个人数字助理机壳,或作为数据采集卡型式接插在个人电脑装置,其自身有电源装置供应直流电压和电流,采用充电电池或干电池供电,有低电压电源指示,如采用内置充电装置,则应有充电指示功能。 Wherein the shell is prepared spray plastic or metal housing, for fixing each of the above means, mounted computer interface device connector and the connector at the periphery of the outer peripheral surface of the housing, is easily accessible connector, the housing mounting surface may be a spring clip or means buckle, or by a nylon belt clamp for fixing on the user, the housing may also be designed as a card-like shape, a personal digital assistant is directly connected to the chassis, or as a data acquisition card type connector means in the personal computer of its own power supply means for supplying a DC voltage and current, using a rechargeable battery or battery-powered, low voltage power supply indication, such as using the built-in charging apparatus, there should be charging indicator.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置中的集成化智能型生理信号传感器由电极或换能器、信号放大电路、信号滤波电路组成,其主要功能是完成生理信号的采集、放大及滤波功能,放大的生理信号联接到数据贮存,计算机接口模块中的A/D转换装置,将模拟信号转换为数字信号后贮存至贮存芯片或直接通过计算机接口传输至电脑装置,集成化智能型生理信号传感器根据采集的生理信号不同而异,拥有多种类型,包括但不限于心电型、血压型、呼吸型、脉搏型、血氧型、皮温型、皮电型、肌电型、脑电型等多种类型,分别用于采集、放大、滤波心电信号,血压信号、呼吸信号、脉搏信号、血氧信号、皮肤温度信号、肌电信号、脑电信号等,上述装置由电极或换能器、连接导线、信号放大滤波电路及其固定安装的外壳,与数据贮存、计算机接口模块的连接 Technical features of the present invention is integrated intelligent physiological signal sensor apparatus according to the present invention by an electrode or transducer, a signal amplifying circuit, a signal filter circuit, and its main function is to complete the acquisition of physiological signals, amplification and filtering, amplified physiological signal is coupled to the data storage, the computer interface module a / D converting means, converts the analog signal into a digital signal storage to the storage chip or direct computer interface to transfer to the computer means, integrated intelligent physiological signal sensor of physiological signal acquisition varies, with a variety of types, including but not limited to type ECG, blood type, respiratory type, pulse-type, oxygen type, type of skin temperature, galvanic skin type, type EMG, EEG, etc. type a plurality of types, respectively, for collecting, amplifying, filtering ECG, blood pressure signal, a respiration signal, a pulse signal, the signal oximetry, skin temperature signal, EMG, EEG, etc., the above-described means by an electrode or transducer housing connecting wires, a signal amplifying circuit and a filter fixedly mounted, and a data storage connected to the computer interface module 线及接口接插件组成,应用时,电极或换能器放置在用户身体表面,接插件连接在数据贮存,计算机接口模块中外部设备接口,采集、放大、滤波的生理信号直接输入A/D转换电路进行A/D模数转换,其本身没有电源装置,电源通过接口由数据贮存,计算机接口模块内电源供应。 And line interface connector composition, when applied, an electrode or transducer is placed on the user's body surface, the connector is connected to the data storage, the computer interface to the external device interface module, collected, amplified, filtered physiological signal directly input A / D converter circuit performs A / D analog-digital conversion, which does not have a power supply device, the power stored by the data via the interface, the interface module within the computer power supply.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置的另一种实现方式是,采用模块化生理信号采集盒,代替集成化智能型传感器及数据贮存,计算机接口模块的功能,使用时,将采集生理信号的电极或换能器连接到用户的身体表面,采集生理信号,采集到的生理信号经过生理信号采集盒选择放大、滤波、A/D转换及计算机接口电路编码处理后,发送至特定的计算机通讯接口,计算机将按收到的信号经过解码及数字滤波后进行进一步处理、分析,并将结果贮存在显示器上,或者直接将数据存储在计算机贮存装置内,也可以通过计算机内置或外置数字调制解调器将数据发送到医院或健康中心的服务器,所述的生理信号采集盒由电极或换能器,与电极或换能器连接的插座或多路电子开关,依次连接的高共模抑制比的精密仪表放大器,滤波电路,A/D转换电路,单片机及其计 Technical features of the present invention, another implementation of the invention apparatus is modular signal sampling cartridge, instead of smart sensors and integrated data storage functions of the computer interface module, in use, the physiological signal acquisition electrodes or transducer is connected to a body surface of the user, acquiring physiological signals acquired physiological signal through the signal sampling cartridge selective amplification, filtering, a / D converter, and a computer interface circuit encoding processing, sent to a specific computer communication interface , the received signal from the computer will be decoded and the digital filtering, after further processing, analysis, and the results stored in the display, or directly stored in a computer data storage device, may be built by a computer or an external modem digital the server transmits data to a hospital or health center, high common-mode or multi-way socket of said electronic switch physiological signals acquired by the electrode cassette or transducer, or the transducer and the electrode connection, precision instruments sequentially connected inhibition ratio an amplifier, a filter circuit, A / D conversion circuit, a microcontroller and meter 机接口电路,接口插座等组成,所述的单片机又分别与多路电子开关、放大器、滤波电路、A/D转换电路、计算机接口电路相连接,提供时序、控制信号、及其特定的计算机接口编码及数据通讯,采用的单片机芯片最好是能同时带有内置多路电子开关,A/D转换电路及计算机接口驱动功能的单片机系统芯片(SOC),也可以采用带有A/D转换电路的单片机芯片,接口电路根据不同类型的计算机接口,采用专用接口单片机芯片或模块,最常用的计算机接口是USB1.1和USB2.0接口,通过USB通用串行总线与计算机通讯,在生理信号采集盒有一个USB接口模块,可与计算机的USB通讯端口连接,将生理信号经USB编码处理后,发送到计算机的USB通讯端口,计算机将接收的信号通过解码处理后,发送到计算机的USB通讯端口中,计算机将接收的信号通过解码及数字滤波后进一步处理 Interface circuit, etc. interface socket, respectively, of the microcontroller and the electronic switch multiplexer, an amplifier, a filter circuit, A / D conversion circuit, an interface circuit is connected to the computer, to provide timing control signals, and the specific computer interface encoded chip microcontroller and data communications system, the microcontroller chip is preferably built simultaneously with the electronic switch multiplexer, a / D conversion circuit, and a computer interface driver functions (the SOC), may be employed with the a / D converter circuit the single chip interface circuit depending on the type of computer interface, or a single chip using special interface module, is the most common computer interface USB1.1 and USB2.0 interface, and a computer through a USB universal serial communication bus, the signal sampling box has a USB interface module, after the can, the physiological signal by the USB encoding process and USB communication port of the computer, transmitted to the computer's USB communications port, the computer received signal through the decoding process is sent to the USB communication port of the computer , the computer receives a signal decoded and further processed by digital filtering 、贮存、显示或传送,其他类型的计算机接口也可以采用进行数据通讯,例如,RS-232接口,SPI接口,I2C或IEEE接口等,不同类型的计算机接口选择取决于用户计算机装置上配置的接口类型,所述的生理信号采集盒设计为扁平状结构,采用注塑外壳,带有固定带或弹簧夹,可以放置在用户身上,生理信号采集盒内置电源供应装置,可以是充电电池或干电池,有低电压指示。 , Storage, display, or transmission, other types of computer interface may be used for data communications, e.g., RS-232 interfaces, SPI interfaces, I2C or IEEE interface, a different type of computer interface selection depends on the user interface configuration of the computer apparatus type, said signal sampling cassette is designed flat structure, by injection casing with straps or spring clips, may be placed on the user, the physiological signal collecting box built-in power supply device may be a rechargeable battery or batteries, have low voltage indication.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置中各个模块之间的通讯方式,可以采用导线联接方式,也可以采用无线传输方式,尤其在集成化智能型生理信号传感器与数据存贮,计算机接口模块之间,或在生理信号采集盒和计算机装置之间采用无线连接方式,可能会让用户行动更自由,更不受拘束,其无线通讯方式可以采用简单的红外通讯模块,采用红外线信号传输,或采用近距离射频技术,或采用DSSS展频数据传输接收技术,也可采用模块化的GSM/GPRS组件进行无线发射和接收的双向通讯,采用无线方式通讯方式时,无线信号发射器安装在集成化智能型传感器内,而无线信号接收器放置在数据贮存,计算机接口模块内,或者是无线信号发射装置装在生理信号采集盒内,而无线接收装置在计算机接口的位置,接受无线放射的信号,并对信号进行解码后,传送于计 Technical features of the present invention, communication between the various modules in apparatus of the present invention, the coupling may employ wire, wireless transmission may be used, especially in the integrated physiological signal sensors and intelligent data storage, the computer interface module between, or between physiological signal acquisition using the cartridge and a computer device having wireless connection embodiment, a user may make up more free and unfettered which wireless communications may be a simple infrared communication module, infrared signal transmission, or the use of short-range RF technology, or data transmission using spread spectrum DSSS receiver technology, may also be employed modular GSM / GPRS wireless components of the transmission and receiving two-way communication, when the use of wireless communication, the wireless signal transmitter is mounted in an integrated intelligence the sensor, the wireless signal receiver is placed in the data storage, the computer interface module, or a wireless signal transmitting device is attached to a physiological signal collecting box, and the position of the wireless receiving apparatus in a computer interface, a wireless signal receiving radiation, and after decoding a signal transmitted to a meter 机装置。 Dryer means.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置可以根据不同目标人群,组合多种相应的个性化健康数字助理装置,一种针对心血管病人的组合类型是心血管健康数字助理装置,该装置由心电型和血压型集成化智能传感器、数据贮存、计算机接口模块或者是心电信号采集盒和血压信号采集盒与个人电脑或者移动型电脑装置组成,上述装置可以持续采集心电、血压信号,并对异常的心电图波形及血压数值进行报警,同时将上述采集的心电、血压数据传输至医院或健康中心,由医生进行进一步分析,并及时将医生的意见和建议回馈用户,让用户参照执行,上述装置还具备生物反馈训练的功能,让用户在采集心电或血压同时,能够感受到心电信号和血压信号的高低强弱,通过专用生物反馈训练软件的语言、图形、影像诱导,指导用户学习放松技巧,通过放松技术来控 Technical features of the present invention is a device of the invention according to different target groups, a combination of a variety of corresponding personalized health digital assistant device, a combined type for cardiovascular disorders are cardiovascular health digital assistant apparatus of the ECG blood Pressure integrated type and intelligent sensors, data storage, or the computer interface module, and blood collection kit ECG signal acquisition cartridge with a personal computer or mobile computer device composed of the above-described apparatus may continuously collect ECG, blood pressure signal, and ECG waveform and blood pressure values ​​abnormal alarm, while the ECG above collected blood pressure data to the hospital or health center, for further analysis by a doctor, and timely observations and recommendations of doctors user feedback, allowing users to refer to the implementation of the biofeedback training device further includes a feature that allows users to capture ECG or blood pressure at the same time, be able to feel the strength of the high and low blood pressure and ECG signal, via a dedicated biofeedback language, graphics, images induction training software to guide users to learn relaxation techniques, relaxation techniques to control by 自己的生理信号,所述的用于生物反馈训练装置,包括电脑多媒体形式的生物反馈训练软件及电脑多媒体装置,所述软件为模块化组成,包括生理信号以声、光、图形、影像、动画形式的显示驱动软件模块,及显示生理信号数值大小和强度高低,及生理信号数值变化曲线的软件模块,以及诱导、指示用户进行放松训练的软件模块,上述生物反馈训练软件中应用的生理信号,就是上述装置采集的心电、血压信号,应用心电、血压信号进行心电及血压的生物反馈训练,而应用于心血管健康数字助理的心血管患者管理系统软件,是一种个性化立体健康管理软件,通过管理心血管患者的饮食、营养、运动、睡眠、嗜好、代谢、生活方式、药物、训练、监测、心理调节、情绪调节等多个方面对心血管患者进行全方位、多层次、多途径的立体管理,根据心电 Their physiological signals, said means for biofeedback training, including the form of a multimedia computer software and computer biofeedback training multimedia device, the software is modular, including the physiological signals to sound, light, graphics, images, animations form of display driver software module, and a display physiological signal value magnitude and intensity level, and the physiological signal value change curve software modules, and induction, indicating the user relaxation training software module the biofeedback physiological signal training software application, ECG acquisition device is described above, the blood pressure signal, application of ECG, blood pressure, ECG signals and biofeedback training in blood pressure, cardiovascular health and applied digital assistant managing patients with cardiovascular system software, is a personalized three-dimensional health management software, through the management of patients with cardiovascular diet, nutrition, exercise, sleep habits, metabolism, lifestyle, drugs, training, monitoring, psychological adjustment, emotional regulation and other aspects of cardiovascular patients all-round, multi-level, three-dimensional multi-channel management, according to ECG 血压的检测结果反馈性调节其药物剂量、饮食、运动等方面,以最合理的健康资源来获得最佳健康效果,上述管理软件可以安装在个人电脑的硬盘内,或者下载在移动型电脑装置的存储芯片内,定期监测的心电及血压数据直接保存在管理软件中专用的数据库内,管理软件定期通过网络向医院管理中心传送个人健康资料,并定期接受医生的建议和劝告。 Feedback of the detection result of blood pressure regulation of its pharmaceutical dosage, diet, exercise, health resources to the most reasonable to get the best health benefits, the management software can be installed within the personal computer's hard disk or downloaded in the mobile type computer apparatus the memory chip, regular monitoring of ECG and blood pressure data stored directly within specialized in management software, database management software regularly transmit personal health information through the network management center to the hospital and undergo regular medical advice and counsel.

对于伴有心力衰竭的心血管病人,可以选用携带式阻抗法心输出量监护模块,通过心阻抗测量专用点状电极、心电放大、滤波,R波检出装置,以及安装在计算机装置的专用心输出量分析软件,定期监测心输出量数值,严密观察心脏功能变化。 For cardiovascular patients with heart failure, you can use portable cardiac output impedance monitoring module, a dedicated impedance measuring point by the heart-shaped electrodes, ECG amplification, filtering, R-wave detection means, and mounted on a special purpose computer apparatus cardiac output analysis software, regular monitoring of cardiac output value, close observation of changes in heart function.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置针对呼吸系统疾病患者组合的个性化数字健康助理装置是呼吸数字健康助理,该装置由呼吸型集成化智能传感器、数据贮存、计算机接口模块、或者是呼吸信号采集盒与个人电脑装置或移动型电脑装置,以及呼吸型生物反馈训练模块,呼吸疾病患者个性化立体健康管理模块组成,上述装置可以持续采集患者的呼吸信号,并对异常的呼吸信号进行报警,同时将上述采集的呼吸信号数据通过电脑装置的数据通讯接口传输至医院或健康中心服务器,由医生进一步分析,并及时将医生的意见及建议反馈给病人,呼吸型生物反馈模块,应用上述采集的呼吸信号进行呼吸型生物反馈训练,而呼吸疾病患者个性化立体健康管理模块则根据患者的个性化健康特征以及呼吸功能变化对患者进行个性化立体健康管理,对于伴有心血管系 Technical features of the present invention is the device of the invention is a respiratory digital health assistant for personalized digital health assistant apparatus respiratory patients in combination, the device integrated intelligent sensor from the respiratory type, data storage, computer interface module, or a breathing signal collection box and a personal computer or mobile computer device apparatus, and respiratory type biofeedback training module, personalized perspective patient health management module composed of respiratory diseases, the apparatus can continue to collect the patient's respiratory signal and the respiratory signal abnormality alarm, while breathing signal data of the collected data communication interface transfer computer device through to a hospital or health center servers, further analysis by a doctor, and timely medical advice and suggestions back to the patient, breathing type biofeedback module, application of the above acquisition respiratory signal type respiratory biofeedback training, and personalized health management perspective module to the patient in the patient's respiratory disease personalized health management perspective personalized health characteristics in accordance with the patient's respiratory function and, with respect to the cardiovascular system 疾病的患者,应该同时选用上述的心血管数字健康助理装置,在监测呼吸系统疾病的同时,监测心血管疾病。 Patients with the disease, should also choose the above-mentioned cardiovascular health digital assistant device, while monitoring respiratory diseases, monitoring of cardiovascular disease.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置针对II型糖尿病患者和/或X-综合症患者(即II型糖尿病患者同时伴有肥胖、高血压、高血脂、高胆固醇血症的患者),采用心电、血压、肢端血运集成化智能传感器、数据贮存、计算机接口模块或心血管信号采集盒,血压信号采集盒,肢端血运采集盒与个人电脑或移动型电脑装置组成,心电、血压信号的采集与上述部份相同,其中肢端血运监护模块的目的是监测患者是否患有肢端动脉狭窄而致肢端血液循环不良,其方法是采用驻极体传感器监测肢端小动脉及毛细血管的微振动并将其转化为电信号,驻极传感器的输出端依次连接低通滤波放大器,波形整形器,A/D转换器,转换为数字信号后,由专用分析软件探测及比较信号的强度,并与正常信号数值比较后,显示结果,同时贮存采集的数据和结果,并通过网络传输至医院 Technical features of the present invention, the apparatus of the invention for Type II diabetes and / or syndrome X- (i.e., patients with type II diabetes accompanied by obesity, patients with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, hypercholesterolemia), cardioid , blood pressure, blood supply to the extremities integrated smart sensors, data storage, computer interface module or cassette cardiovascular signal acquisition, signal acquisition cartridge blood, peripheral blood flow collection box and a personal computer or mobile computer device composition, ECG, collecting blood pressure signal with said same part, wherein the object of the limb blood flow monitoring module to monitor whether a patient is suffering from acral extremities artery stenosis caused poor blood circulation, which method is the use of sensors to monitor the extremities electret arterioles and micro capillaries and vibration into electrical signals, the output of the sensor electrode in turn connected to the low pass filter amplifier, a waveform shaper, a / D converter, converted to a digital signal, detected by the comparison and analysis software dedicated intensity of the signal and the comparison signal with the normal value, display the results, while the sample was collected and stored data, and transmitted over the network to the hospital 供医生进一步分析,患者采用心电、血压型生物反馈训练模块进行心电或血压的生物反馈放松训练,采用糖尿病个性化立体健康管理软件全面管理其饮食、营养、运动、生活方式、药物服用及调节,血糖监测及其心电、血压、肢端血远监测,并通过计算机装置的远程网络通讯功能与医院的医生进行双向通讯,在医生的指导和监护下,全面开展健康保健。 Doctors for further analysis, patients with ECG, blood pressure and type of biofeedback training modules ECG or blood pressure biofeedback relaxation training, the use of three-dimensional diabetes personalized health management software to manage their overall diet, nutrition, exercise, lifestyle, and drug use regulation, blood glucose monitoring and ECG, blood pressure, peripheral blood away monitoring and two-way communication network via remote communication with the doctor of the hospital computer system, in a doctor's guidance and supervision, carry out a comprehensive health care.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置针对脑血管疾病的患者,包括脑血管硬化、中风、脑外伤等的组合类型是脑血管健康数字助理装置,该装置由脑组织血、氧监护模块,即集成化智能脑血、氧传感器、数据贮存、计算机接口模块或脑血、氧信号采集盒与个人电脑装置或移动型电脑装置组成,以光学方式无创监测脑组织血、氧含量,装置由探头部份、模拟电路部份和计算机处理部份构成,由微处理器控制的光源电压频率控制器控制电子开关交替提供多个无创光源放射的照射光经过生物组织散射,由多组不同的滤光片分别接受多种不同波长的单波长光,这多种单波长光信号经光电转换为电信号,经信号放大器放大后送到模拟电路部份中差分放大电路以滤除共模干扰,外界光干扰后,经A/D转换器转化为数字信号,通过计算机接口送入计算机装置中,应用 Technical features of the present invention, the apparatus of the invention for patients with cerebral vascular disease, including cerebrovascular sclerosis, stroke, traumatic brain injury and other type of combination cerebrovascular health digital assistant apparatus by the tissue blood brain oxygen monitoring module, i.e., intelligent integrated cerebral blood oxygen sensor, data storage, or the computer interface module cerebral blood oxygen signal acquisition cartridge with a personal computer or mobile computer device apparatus composed of optically non-invasive monitoring of cerebral blood oxygen content, means by the probe portion parts, an analog circuit portion and computer processing part configured to control the frequency of the voltage source by the microprocessor controller controls the electronic switch alternately provide illumination source emitting a plurality of non-invasive optical scattering through the biological tissue, a plurality of sets of different filters were treated with a variety of different wavelengths of light of a single wavelength, which plurality of single wavelength optical signal photoelectrically converted into an electric signal, amplified by the signal amplifier to the differential amplifier circuit portion of an analog circuit to filter out common mode interference, external interference light after the A / D converter into digital signals, into the computer via the computer interface device, the application 门设计的软件计算、分析反射的光信号波长及信号强弱,比较左、右两侧光探头同步照射采样的信号,以此分析脑组织血、氧含量,监测脑组织血、氧含量的变化,同时,应用采集的脑组织血、氧含量的数值进行生物反馈训练,通过控制身体放松,注意力集中来学会控制增加脑血流灌注量,采用脑血管病患者个性化立体健康管理软件中全面管理患者生活工作各个方面,并通过网络通讯反馈监测及管理信息,接受医生劝告。 The door design software to calculate, and analyze the optical signal wavelength reflected signal strength, comparing the left and right sides of the optical probe signal is sampled synchronous irradiation, the blood in order to analyze changes in brain tissue, the oxygen content, to monitor cerebral blood, oxygen content Meanwhile, the value of cerebral blood collection applications, the oxygen content of biofeedback training, by controlling the body relax, focus to learn to control the increase of cerebral perfusion, the use of three-dimensional brain personalized health management software in a comprehensive disease patients management of patients with all aspects of life and work, and feedback monitoring and management of information through the network communication, receiving medical advice.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置可以根据不同目标人群的健康特征及健康需求设计组合各种不同类型的个性化数字健康助理,例如针对亚健康人群,针对老年人群、针对妇女、针对儿童、针对中年男性等等,这里不再赘述。 Technical features of the invention, the invention device can be designed combination of different types of personalized digital health assistant according to the different characteristics of the target population health and health needs, such as for health groups for the elderly, for women, for children, for middle-aged men, etc., not repeat them here.

本发明的有益郊果是,可以针对不同目标人群的不同健康特征及个性化健康需求组合出多种个性数字健康助理装置,以模块化设计方式为大批量规模生产创造了良好的条件,充分利用个人家庭中电脑装置发挥更多功能。 Benefit rural fruit of this invention is, can combine a variety of personalized digital assistant device for different health and health characteristics of personalized health needs of different target groups, with a modular design approach for high-volume mass production to create good conditions and make full use personal home computer equipment play more.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是个人健康数字助理装置结构示意图图2是数据贮存、计算机接口装置示意图图3是生理信号采集盒结构示意图具体实施方式实施例1,个性化数字健康助理装置(图1)本实施例装置采用个人电脑和/或移动型电脑装置作为数据处理分析、数据存贮、数据通讯、数据显示的操作平台,应用平台和人机界面采用集成化智能型;生理信号和数据贮存,计算机接口模块与之进行数据通讯,完成生理信号采集、滤波、放大,A/D转换,将经过处理和转换的数字化生理信号通过接口模块传输至电脑装置进一步处理、分析、贮存、显示和通讯传输;同时采用集成化智能型生理信号传感器作为生理信号监护和生物反馈放松训练模块,采集用户的生理信号,经滤波、放大,A/D转换为数字信号,通过计算机接口模块传输至电脑装置进一步处理、分析、贮存、显示和通讯传输 FIG 1 is a personal health digital assistant apparatus structure schematic diagram 2 is a data storage, computer interface device schematic FIG. 3 is a device signal sampling cartridge structural diagram DETAILED DESCRIPTION Example 1, personalized digital health assistant device (FIG. 1) of the present embodiment using a personal computer and / or mobile computing device as a data processing and analysis, data storage, data communication, data display platform, application platform, and man-machine interface using integrated intelligent; physiological signals and data storage, the computer interface module the data communication completion signal sampling, filtering, amplification, a / D conversion, the digitized physiological signals and transforms transmitted to the computer means for further processing, analysis, storage via the interface module, a display, and communication transmission; the same with integrated of intelligent physiological signal sensor as a physiological signal monitor and biofeedback relaxation training module, collecting the user's physiological signal, filtered, amplified, a / D converted into a digital signal, transmitted to the computer means for further processing, analysis computer interface module, storage , display and communication transmission

实施例2,数据贮存、计算机接口装置(图2)本实施例中的数据存储、计算机接口模块(209)为基础装置,由外壳(208)、微处理器(203)(包括单片机芯片、DSP芯片等)、FLASH存储芯片或微型硬盘等数据存储装置(205)、计算机接口装置包括USB接口电路(206)及其接口(207),多个外围设备接口电路(202)及其接插件(201)构成,其中数据存储模块存储多个专用型应用软件,多个外围设备驱动软件,接口软件及其他类型软件或数据,并通过计算机接口装置与计算机进行双向数据交换及其通讯;其中的计算机接口装置由接口电路、接口软件及接插专用配件组成,承担多个外围设备及数据存贮装置与计算机之间双向数据交换及通讯功能。 Example 2, data storage, computer interface device (FIG. 2) of the present example embodiment data storage, computer interface module (209) based device, a housing (208), the microprocessor (203) (including single chip, the DSP chips, etc.), FLASH memory chip or a micro hard disk data storage device (205), the interface means comprises a computer USB interface circuit (206) and an interface (207), a plurality of peripheral interface circuit (202) and the connector (201 ) configuration, wherein the data storage module stores a plurality of specific application software, a plurality of peripheral device driver software, interface software, and other types of software or data, and two-way data exchange and communication with a computer through the computer interface means; wherein the computer interface by the interface circuit means, and connector interface software dedicated accessories composition, assume a plurality of bidirectional data between the peripheral devices and the data exchange and storage device with the computer communication.

实施例3,生理信号采集盒(图3) Example 3, signal sampling cassette (FIG. 3)

本实施例中模块化生理信号采集盒可代替集成化智能型传感器及数据贮存,计算机接口模块的功能,使用时,将采集生理信号的电极或换能器连接到用户的身体表面,采集生理信号,采集到的生理信号经过生理信号采集盒选择放大、滤波、A/D转换及计算机接口电路编码处理后,发送至特定的计算机通讯接口,计算机将按收到的信号经过解码及数字滤波后进行进一步处理、分析,并将结果贮存在显示器上,或者直接将数据存储在计算机贮存装置内,也可以通过计算机内置或外置数字调制解调器将数据发送到医院或健康中心的服务器。 The modular embodiment of the present embodiment physiological signal acquisition cartridge may be replaced by an integrated intelligent sensors and data storage functions of the computer interface module, in use, the physiological signal collecting electrodes or transducers connected to the user's body surface, acquiring physiological signals , acquired physiological signals acquired through the selection cassette physiological signal amplification, filtering, a / D conversion and encoding processing computer interface circuit, sent to a specific computer communication interface, the computer will receive the signal after decoding and digital filtering further processing, analysis, and the results stored in the display, or directly in the computer storage means may be built into the computer via an external data storage or digital modem to transmit data to the server in a hospital or health center.

Claims (10)

1.本发明涉及一种家庭健康设备,尤其涉及一种应用于家庭健康保健的模块化组合型个性化数字健康助理装置,更具体地说,这是一种以不同功能、不同结构的多个模块,采用标准接口与家用个人电脑或移动式电脑装置进行双向数据通讯,利用家用电脑装置作为操作和应用平台,开展个性化健康监测、教育、训练和管理,由多种不同类型集成化智能型生理信号传感器模块,数据贮存、计算机接口模块或由生理信号采集盒与个人电脑及移动型电脑装置组成,用户可以根据个人的健康需要,任意组合适合自己需求的,价廉物美的个性化数字健康助理装置,这种装置可以广泛地应用于不同层次、不同需求的家庭健康保健中。 1. The present invention relates to a home healthcare device, in particular the combination of modular type personalized digital health assistant relates to a device used in home health care, and more specifically, it is a different function, a plurality of different structures module, using a standard interface with a home PC or mobile computer device for two-way data communication using the home computer operating system and applications as a platform to carry out personalized health monitoring, education, training and management of a variety of different types of integrated intelligent physiological signal sensor module, data storage, or the computer interface module physiological signal acquisition cartridge with personal computers and mobile computer apparatus composed of a user according to individual health needs, any combination suited to their needs, cheap personalized digital health assistant apparatus which can be widely applied to different levels, different needs of home health care in.
2.按照权利要求1所述的装置中,本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置采用个人电脑和/或移动型电脑装置作为数据处理分析、数据存贮、数据通讯、数据显示的操作平台,应用平台和人机界面采用集成化智能型;生理信号和数据贮存,计算机接口模块与之进行数据通讯,完成生理信号采集、滤波、放大,A/D转换,将经过处理和转换的数字化生理信号通过接口模块传输至电脑装置进一步处理、分析、贮存、显示和通讯传输;同时采用集成化智能型生理信号传感器作为生理信号监护和生物反馈放松训练模块,采集用户的生理信号,经滤波、放大,A/D转换为数字信号,通过计算机接口模块传输至电脑装置进一步处理、分析、贮存、显示和通讯传输。 2. The apparatus according to claim 1, features of the invention that the device of the invention uses a personal computer and / or mobile computing device as a data processing and analysis, data storage, data communication, data display platform, HMI application platform and use integrated smart; physiological signals and data storage, the computer interface module for data communication therewith, complete physiological signal acquisition, filtering, amplification, a / D conversion, the digitized signal processing and conversion physiological transmitted to the computer means further processed by the interface module, analysis, storage, display and communication transmission; while using integrated intelligent physiological signal sensor as a physiological signal monitor and biofeedback relaxation training module, collecting the user's physiological signal, filtered, amplified, A / D conversion into a digital signal, transmitted to the computer means for further processing, analysis, storage, display and transmission of communications through the computer interface module. 本发明中所述的个人电脑系指个人或家庭应用的台式电脑、笔记本电脑、或掌上型电脑等,本发明中所述的移动型电脑装置,系指带有微处理器和贮存芯片,具有数据处理、计算、贮存、显示功能的任何移动型电脑装置,包括但不限于个人数字助理(PDA)、电子辞典、电子游戏机、数码相机、手提电话、DVD播放机等装置。 The present invention refers to a personal computer or home use personal desktop, laptop, or palmtop computer, etc., according to the present invention, mobile computing devices, and storage means with a microprocessor chip, having data processing, computing, storage, display any mobile computer device functions, including but not limited to a personal digital assistant (PDA), electronic dictionaries, electronic game machines, digital cameras, mobile phones, DVD players and other devices.
3.按照权利要求1所述的装置中,本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置中的数据存储、计算机接口模块为基础装置,由外壳、微处理器(包括单片机芯片、DSP芯片等)、FLASH存储芯片或微型硬盘等数据存储装置、计算机接口装置(包括USB接口电路及其接口,或RS232接口电路或接口等)、多个外围设备接口电路及其接插件构成,其中数据存储芯片存储多个专用型应用软件,多个外围设备驱动软件,接口软件及其他类型软件或数据,并通过计算机接口装置与计算机进行双向数据交换及其通讯;其中的计算机接口由接口电路、接口软件及接插专用配件组成,承担多个外围设备及数据存贮装置与计算机之间双向数据交换及通讯功能,计算机接口装置可以同时具有多个多种类型计算机接口,以适应不同类型个人电脑装置或个人数据助理装置的不同需求,这些接口类型包 3. The apparatus according to claim 1, the features of the invention, the data storage device according to the present invention, a computer based device interface module, a housing, a microprocessor (including single chip, the DSP chips, etc.), FLASH memory chip or a micro hard disk data storage device, a computer interface (USB interface circuit and the interface, or an interface circuit or an interface RS232, etc.), a plurality of peripheral interface circuit and connector configuration, wherein the data storage stores a plurality of chips dedicated software applications, the plurality of peripheral device driver software, interface software, and other types of software or data, and two-way data exchange and communication with a computer through the computer interface means; wherein the computer interface by the interface circuitry, interfaces and software patch Accessories composition, assume a plurality of bidirectional data between the peripheral devices and the data exchange and storage device with the computer communication, computer interface device may have a plurality of various types of computer interfaces simultaneously, in order to accommodate different types of personal computer device or a personal data assistant the different needs of the device, these interface type packages USB2.0接口,USB1.1接口,RS-232接口,SPI接口,I2C接口或IEEE接口。 USB2.0 interface, USB1.1 interfaces, RS-232 interfaces, SPI interfaces, I2C interface or an IEEE interface. 采用接口的类型根据不同的用户群体选择,最常用的接口类型为USB接口,可根据需要留多个接口,以便适应不同设备或多台设备同时应用,其中外围设备接口,是指与不同的外围设备之间通讯的接口,由相应的接口电路,接口软件及其不同的接插件组成,上述的外围设备接口装置主要用来承担上述外部设备与电脑装置的连接及数据传输功能,其中的微处理器可以采用内置A/D转换电路和多路电子转换开关,D/A转换电路及多个I/O接口的微处理器系统芯片(System on Chips.Soc)或其他带有USB接口驱动功能的单片机芯片,也可以采用其他单片机芯片或DSP芯片,其主要功能是管理集成化智能型生理信号传输器的信号采集、放大、滤波、A/D转换、生理信号贮存及其传输至电脑装置,微处理器的功能设置可以简化为采用数个简单按钮控制,或通过电脑装置的输入装置及 Using the interface type selection according to different user groups, the most common type of interface is a USB interface, multiple interfaces may remain necessary, to accommodate different devices or application devices simultaneously, wherein the peripheral device interface means and different peripherals communication between the interface device, by the corresponding interface circuit, and various interface software connectors composition, the above-described peripheral interface device is mainly used to bear the data transmission connection and the external devices and the computer device, wherein the microprocessor may use the built-in a / D conversion circuit and an electronic switch multiplexer, D / a conversion circuit and a plurality of I / O interface of the microprocessor system chip (system on Chips.Soc) with a USB interface or other drive functions single chip, the chip may be used as another microcontroller or DSP chip, its main function is to manage the intelligent integrated signal transmitter physiological signal acquisition, amplification, filtering, a / D conversion, the physiological signals transmitted to the computer and storage apparatus, a micro the processor feature set can be simplified to employ several simple buttons, or by the computer means and the input means 机界面来实施对其的控制,必要时,也可以采用数个开关或按钮控制其信号采集、调理、A/D转换、记录、传输等功能,采用数码显示管或数码型液晶屏等简单显示器,显示其工作状态,其中的贮存芯片可以采用闪烁存贮芯片、条状存贮芯片或微型硬盘装置,其主要功能是贮存信号采集、调理、A/D转换、传输相关的应用软件,及其存贮采集的生理信号数值,存贮芯片的容量根据用户需求确定,尽可能选用具有较大贮存容量即128MB~512MB贮存容量的贮存芯片,后者由微处理器进行管理。 Machine interface to implement a control thereof, if necessary, may be used a number of control switches or buttons which signal acquisition, conditioning, A / D conversion, recording, transmission and other functions, the use of a simple digital display or a digital display tube type liquid crystal screen, etc. , shows its operating state, wherein the storage chip memory chip flashing, strip or Microdrive memory chip means can be employed, whose primary function is the storage signal acquisition, conditioning, a / D conversion, application software related to the transmission, and storing values ​​of a physiological signal acquisition, storage capacity of the chip is determined according to user needs, as the choice of having a large storage capacity that is the storage capacity of 128MB ~ 512MB storage chip, which is managed by the microprocessor. 其中的外壳为塑料模制或金属外壳喷塑制备,用于固定上述各个装置,安装计算机接口接插件及外周设备接插件在外壳的外围表面,便于接插连接,外壳表面可以安装弹簧夹子或装置带扣,用来钳夹或通过尼龙带固定在用户身上,外壳还可以设计为插卡式形状,直接连接在个人数字助理机壳,或作为数据采集卡型式接插在个人电脑装置,其自身有电源装置供应直流电压和电流,采用充电电池或干电池供电,有低电压电源指示,如采用内置充电装置,则应有充电指示功能。 Wherein the shell is prepared spray plastic or metal housing, for fixing each of the above means, mounted computer interface device connector and the connector at the periphery of the outer peripheral surface of the housing, is easily accessible connector, the housing mounting surface may be a spring clip or means buckle, or by a nylon belt clamp for fixing on the user, the housing may also be designed as a card-like shape, a personal digital assistant is directly connected to the chassis, or as a data acquisition card type connector means in the personal computer of its own power supply means for supplying a DC voltage and current, using a rechargeable battery or battery-powered, low voltage power supply indication, such as using the built-in charging apparatus, there should be charging indicator.
4.按照权利要求1所述的装置中,本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置中的集成化智能型生理信号传感器由电极或换能器、信号放大电路、信号滤波电路组成,其主要功能是完成生理信号的采集、放大及滤波功能,放大的生理信号联接到数据贮存,计算机接口模块中的A/D转换装置,将模拟信号转换为数字信号后贮存至贮存芯片或直接通过计算机接口传输至电脑装置,集成化智能型生理信号传感器根据采集的生理信号不同而异,拥有多种类型,包括但不限于心电型、血压型、呼吸型、脉搏型、血氧型、皮温型、皮电型、肌电型、脑电型等多种类型,分别用于采集、放大、滤波心电信号,血压信号、呼吸信号、脉搏信号、血氧信号、皮肤温度信号、肌电信号、脑电信号等,上述装置由电极或换能器、连接导线、信号放大滤波电路及其固定安装的外壳,与数 4. The apparatus according to claim 1, the technical features of the present invention is an integrated intelligent sensor apparatus of physiological signal according to the present invention by an electrode or transducer, a signal amplifying circuit, a signal filter circuit, and its main function to complete the acquisition of physiological signals, amplification, and filtering, amplifying the physiological signal is coupled to the data storage, the computer interface module a / D converting means, converts the analog signal into a digital signal storage to the storage chip, or directly through the computer interface transmission to the computer means, an integrated intelligent sensor depending on the physiological signals acquired physiological signals varies, with a variety of types, including but not limited to type ECG, blood type, respiratory type, pulse-type, oxygen, sheath type temperature, galvanic skin type, type EMG, EEG type and other types, respectively, for collecting, amplifying, filtering ECG, blood pressure signal, a respiration signal, a pulse signal, the signal oximetry, skin temperature signal, EMG, brain other electrical signals, said means an electrode or transducer, connecting wires, a signal amplifying circuit and a filter fixedly mounted in the housing, the number of 贮存、计算机接口模块的连接导线及接口接插件组成,应用时,电极或换能器放置在用户身体表面,接插件连接在数据贮存,计算机接口模块中外部设备接口,采集、放大、滤波的生理信号直接输入A/D转换电路进行A/D模数转换,其本身没有电源装置,电源通过接口由数据贮存,计算机接口模块内电源供应。 Storing, computer interface module and an interface connector connecting wires composition, when applied, an electrode or transducer is placed on the user's body surface, the connector is connected to the data storage, the computer interface to the external device interface module, collected, amplified, filtered physiological direct input signal A / D converting circuit A / D analog-digital conversion, which does not have a power supply device, the power stored by the data via the interface, the interface module within the computer power supply.
5.按照权利要求1所述的装置中,本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置的另一种实现方式是,采用模块化生理信号采集盒,代替集成化智能型传感器及数据贮存,计算机接口模块的功能,使用时,将采集生理信号的电极或换能器连接到用户的身体表面,采集生理信号,采集到的生理信号经过生理信号采集盒选择放大、滤波、A/D转换及计算机接口电路编码处理后,发送至特定的计算机通讯接口,计算机将按收到的信号经过解码及数字滤波后进行进一步处理、分析,并将结果贮存在显示器上,或者直接将数据存储在计算机贮存装置内,也可以通过计算机内置或外置数字调制解调器将数据发送到医院或健康中心的服务器,所述的生理信号采集盒由电极或换能器,与电极或换能器连接的插座或多路电子开关,依次连接的高共模抑制比的精密仪表放大器,滤波电 5. The apparatus according to claim 1, the technical features of the present invention, another implementation of the invention apparatus is modular signal sampling cartridge, instead of smart sensors and integrated data storage, computer interface function module, in use, the collected physiological signal electrodes or transducer is connected to a body surface of the user, acquiring physiological signals acquired physiological signal through the signal sampling cartridge selective amplification, filtering, a / D converter and computer interface after the coding process circuit, sent to a specific computer communication interface, the computer will signal received after being decoded, and the digital filter for further processing, analysis, and the results are stored on the display, or directly to the data stored in computer storage means , may be transmitted by a computer an internal or external modem digital data to a server of a hospital or health center, the physiological signals acquired by the electrode cassette or transducer, an electronic switch or multiplexer socket connected to the electrodes or transducers , high common mode suppression sequentially connected ratios precision instrumentation amplifier, filter ,A/D转换电路,单片机及其计算机接口电路,接口插座等组成,所述的单片机又分别与多路电子开关、放大器、滤波电路、A/D转换电路、计算机接口电路相连接,提供时序、控制信号、及其特定的计算机接口编码及数据通讯,采用的单片机芯片最好是能同时带有内置多路电子开关,A/D转换电路及计算机接口驱动功能的单片机系统芯片(SOC),也可以采用带有A/D转换电路的单片机芯片,接口电路根据不同类型的计算机接口,采用专用接口单片机芯片或模块,最常用的计算机接口是USB1.1和USB2.0接口,通过USB通用串行总线与计算机通讯,在生理信号采集盒有一个USB接口模块,可与计算机的USB通讯端口连接,将生理信号经USB编码处理后,发送到计算机的USB通讯端口,计算机将接收的信号通过解码处理后,发送到计算机的USB通讯端口中,计算机将接收的信号通 , A / D conversion circuit, a microcontroller and a computer interface circuit, etc. interface socket, the microcontroller in turn are connected to the electronic switch multiplexer, an amplifier, a filter circuit, A / D conversion circuit, a computer interface circuit provides timing , control signals, and encoding a specific computer interface and data communications, the microcontroller chip is preferably simultaneously with the microcontroller system on chip (SOC) built-in electronic switch multiplexer, a / D conversion circuit and the function of the computer interface driver, It may also be employed with a single chip a / D conversion circuit, an interface circuit depending on the type of computer interface, or a single chip using special interface module, is the most common computer interface USB1.1 and USB2.0 interface, a USB universal serial line with the computer communication bus, the signal sampling cartridge with a USB interface module may be USB communication port with the computer, the physiological signal USB encoding process is sent to the USB communication port of the computer, the computer received signals by decoding after treatment, the communication sent to the computer's USB port, the computer signals received via 过解码及数字滤波后进一步处理、贮存、显示或传送,其他类型的计算机接口也可以采用进行数据通讯,例如,RS-232接口,SPI接口,I2C或IEEE接口等,不同类型的计算机接口选择取决于用户计算机装置上配置的接口类型,所述的生理信号采集盒设计为扁平状结构,采用注塑外壳,带有固定带或弹簧夹,可以放置在用户身上,生理信号采集盒内置电源供应装置,可以是充电电池或干电池,有低电压指示。 After through decoding and digital filtering for further processing, storage, display, or transmission, other types of computer interface may be used for data communications, e.g., RS-232 interfaces, SPI interfaces, I2C or IEEE interface, a different type of computer interface selection depends interface type is arranged on the user computer device, said signal sampling cassette is designed flat structure, by injection casing with straps or spring clips, may be placed on the user, the physiological signal collecting box built-in power supply means, It may be rechargeable or dry cell, low voltage indication.
6.按照权利要求1所述的装置中,本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置中各个模块之间的通讯方式,可以采用导线联接方式,也可以采用无线传输方式,尤其在集成化智能型生理信号传感器与数据存贮,计算机接口模块之间,或在生理信号采集盒和计算机装置之间采用无线连接方式,可能会让用户行动更自由,更不受拘束,其无线通讯方式可以采用简单的红外通讯模块,采用红外线信号传输,或采用近距离射频技术,或采用DSSS展频数据传输接收技术,也可采用模块化的GSM/GPRS组件进行无线发射和接收的双向通讯,采用无线方式通讯方式时,无线信号发射器安装在集成化智能型传感器内,而无线信号接收器放置在数据贮存,计算机接口模块内,或者是无线信号发射装置装在生理信号采集盒内,而无线接收装置在计算机接口的位置,接受无线放射的信号, 6. The apparatus according to claim 1, features of the invention that the device according to the present invention, communication between the various modules, the coupling may employ wire, wireless transmission may be used, especially in the integrated Smart physiological signal sensors and data storage, the interface between the computer module, or a wireless connection between the computer and the signal sampling cartridge means may make the user more freedom of action, and more unfettered which wireless communications may be employed simple infrared communication module, infrared signal transmission, or using short-range RF technology, or data transmission using spread spectrum DSSS receiver technology, may also be employed modular GSM / GPRS components wireless two-way communication transmission and reception, the use of wireless communication when mode, the wireless signal transmitter is mounted in an integrated intelligent sensor, the wireless signal receiver is placed in the data storage, the computer interface module, or a wireless signal transmitting device is attached to a physiological signal collecting box, and the wireless receiving device position interface computer, receiving wireless signals emitted, 对信号进行解码后,传送于计算机装置。 After decoding a signal transmitted to the computer means.
7.按照权利要求1所述的装置中,本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置可以根据不同目标人群,组合多种相应的个性化健康数字助理装置,一种针对心血管病人的组合类型是心血管健康数字助理装置,该装置由心电型和血压型集成化智能传感器、数据贮存、计算机接口模块或者是心电信号采集盒和血压信号采集盒与个人电脑或者移动型电脑装置组成,上述装置可以持续采集心电、血压信号,并对异常的心电图波形及血压数值进行报警,同时将上述采集的心电、血压数据传输至医院或健康中心,由医生进行进一步分析,并及时将医生的意见和建议回馈用户,让用户参照执行,上述装置还具备生物反馈训练的功能,让用户在采集心电或血压同时,能够感受到心电信号和血压信号的高低强弱,通过专用生物反馈训练软件的语言、图形、影像诱导,指导用户学 7. The apparatus according to claim 1, features of the invention that the apparatus of the present invention according to different target groups, a combination of a variety of corresponding personalized health digital assistant device, one is for the combination of types of cardiovascular patients cardiovascular health digital assistant apparatus from the heart and blood type electrically integrated type smart sensors, data storage, or the computer interface module, and blood collection kit ECG signal acquisition cartridge with a personal computer or mobile computer device composed of the above means may continuously collect ECG, blood pressure signal, and the electrocardiogram waveform and the blood pressure abnormality alarm value, while the above-described acquired ECG, blood pressure data is transmitted to a hospital or health center, for further analysis by a doctor, and the doctor promptly user feedback comments and suggestions, allowing users to refer to the implementation, the apparatus further includes a biofeedback training function, allowing users to simultaneously acquired ECG or blood pressure, ECG and blood pressure can feel the level of the signal strength, bio-feedback by a dedicated training language, graphics, images induced software guides the user to learn 放松技巧,通过放松技术来控制自己的生理信号,所述的用于生物反馈训练装置,包括电脑多媒体形式的生物反馈训练软件及电脑多媒体装置,所述软件为模块化组成,包括生理信号以声、光、图形、影像、动画形式的显示驱动软件模块,及显示生理信号数值大小和强度高低,及生理信号数值变化曲线的软件模块,以及诱导、指示用户进行放松训练的软件模块,上述生物反馈训练软件中应用的生理信号,就是上述装置采集的心电、血压信号,应用心电、血压信号进行心电及血压的生物反馈训练,而应用于心血管健康数字助理的心血管患者管理系统软件,是一种个性化立体健康管理软件,通过管理心血管患者的饮食、营养、运动、睡眠、嗜好、代谢、生活方式、药物、训练、监测、心理调节、情绪调节等多个方面对心血管患者进行全方位、多层次 Relaxation techniques to control their physiological signals through relaxation techniques, for the biofeedback training device comprises a multimedia computer in the form of computer software and biofeedback training multimedia device, the software is modular, including the physiological signals to sound , light, graphics, images, animated display driver software module, and a display physiological signal value magnitude and intensity level, and the physiological signal value change curve software modules, and induction, indicating the user relaxation training software module the biofeedback physiological signal training software application, that is ECG acquisition device described above, the blood pressure signal, application of ECG, blood pressure, ECG signals and blood pressure biofeedback training, and applied to cardiovascular health management system software digital assistants cardiovascular , is a personalized three-dimensional health management software, through the management of patients with cardiovascular diet, nutrition, exercise, sleep habits, metabolism, lifestyle, drugs, training, monitoring, psychological adjustment, emotional regulation and other aspects of cardiovascular patients with all-round, multi-level 多途径的立体管理,根据心电、血压的检测结果反馈性调节其药物剂量、饮食、运动等方面,以最合理的健康资源来获得最佳健康效果,上述管理软件可以安装在个人电脑的硬盘内,或者下载在移动型电脑装置的存储芯片内,定期监测的心电及血压数据直接保存在管理软件中专用的数据库内,管理软件定期通过网络向医院管理中心传送个人健康资料,并定期接受医生的建议和劝告。 Three-dimensional multi-channel management, according to the ECG, blood pressure detection result of feedback regulation aspects of its drug dose, diet, exercise, etc., the most reasonable health resources to get the best health results, the management software can be installed on PC's hard disk within, or downloaded in the memory chip mobile computer devices, regular monitoring of ECG and blood pressure data stored directly within specialized in management software database management software regularly send personal health information to hospital management center through the network, and regularly doctor's advice and counsel.
8.按照权利要求1所述的装置中,本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置针对呼吸系统疾病患者组合的个性化数字健康助理装置是呼吸数字健康助理,该装置由呼吸型集成化智能传感器、数据贮存、计算机接口模块、或者是呼吸信号采集盒与个人电脑装置或移动型电脑装置,以及呼吸型生物反馈训练模块,呼吸疾病患者个性化立体健康管理模块组成,上述装置可以持续采集患者的呼吸信号,并对异常的呼吸信号进行报警,同时将上述采集的呼吸信号数据通过电脑装置的数据通讯接口传输至医院或健康中心服务器,由医生进一步分析,并及时将医生的意见及建议反馈给病人,呼吸型生物反馈模块,应用上述采集的呼吸信号进行呼吸型生物反馈训练,而呼吸疾病患者个性化立体健康管理模块则根据患者的个性化健康特征以及呼吸功能变化对患者进行个性化立 8. The device of claim 1, claim, features of the invention that the present invention is an apparatus for respiratory health assistant digital personalized digital health assistant device combination respiratory patients, which device is integrated into a respiratory-type Smart Sensors , data storage, computer interface module, or a breathing signal acquisition cartridge with a personal computing device or mobile computing device, and breathe type biofeedback training module, personalized perspective health management module patients with respiratory diseases composition, the apparatus can be continuously collected patient respiratory signal, and breathing abnormalities alarm signal, while the aforementioned respiratory signal data acquisition interface transfer computer data communication device via a server to a hospital or health center, for further analysis by a doctor, the doctor's advice and timely feedback and suggestions to patient breathing biofeedback type module, applying the respiration signal is acquired respiratory type biofeedback training, and personalized health management perspective module to the patient in the patient's respiratory disease personalized legislature the personalized health characteristics of the patient's respiratory function, and 健康管理,对于伴有心血管系统疾病的患者,应该同时选用上述的心血管数字健康助理装置,在监测呼吸系统疾病的同时,监测心血管疾病。 Health management for patients with cardiovascular diseases, cardiovascular above should also choose digital assistant device health, while monitoring respiratory diseases, monitoring of cardiovascular disease.
9.按照权利要求1所述的装置中,本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置针对II型糖尿病患者和/或X-综合症患者(即II型糖尿病患者同时伴有肥胖、高血压、高血脂、高胆固醇血症的患者),采用心电、血压、肢端血运集成化智能传感器、数据贮存、计算机接口模块或心血管信号采集盒,血压信号采集盒,肢端血运采集盒与个人电脑或移动型电脑装置组成,心电、血压信号的采集与上述部份相同,其中肢端血运监护模块的目的是监测患者是否患有肢端动脉狭窄而致肢端血液循环不良,其方法是采用驻极体传感器监测肢端小动脉及毛细血管的微振动并将其转化为电信号,驻极传感器的输出端依次连接低通滤波放大器,波形整形器,A/D转换器,转换为数字信号后,由专用分析软件探测及比较信号的强度,并与正常信号数值比较后,显示结果,同时贮存采集的数据 9. The device of claim 1, claim, features of the invention that the apparatus of the present invention for type II diabetes and / or syndrome X- (i.e., Type II diabetes accompanied by obesity, hypertension, patients with hyperlipidemia, hypercholesterolemia), using ECG, blood pressure, blood supply to the extremities integrated smart sensors, data storage, computer interface module or cassette cardiovascular signal acquisition, signal acquisition cartridge blood, peripheral blood flow and collection kit personal computer or mobile computer device composition, ECG, blood pressure signal acquired with said same part, wherein the object of the limb blood flow monitoring module to monitor whether a patient is suffering from acral extremities artery stenosis caused poor blood circulation, which the method of an electret vibration sensor is monitored micro extremities arterioles and capillaries and converts it into an electric signal, the output of the sensor electrode in turn connected to the low pass filter amplifier, a waveform shaper, a / D converter, the conversion a digital signal and, after the detection by dedicated software and the comparison signal strength, and the value compared with the normal signal, displays the results, and storing the data collected 结果,并通过网络传输至医院,供医生进一步分析,患者采用心电、血压型生物反馈训练模块进行心电或血压的生物反馈放松训练,采用糖尿病个性化立体健康管理软件全面管理其饮食、营养、运动、生活方式、药物服用及调节,血糖监测及其心电、血压、肢端血远监测,并通过计算机装置的远程网络通讯功能与医院的医生进行双向通讯,在医生的指导和监护下,全面开展健康保健。 As a result, and to the hospital through the network transmission for doctors to further analysis, patients with ECG, blood pressure and type of biofeedback training modules ECG or blood pressure biofeedback relaxation training, the use of diabetes personalized three-dimensional health management software comprehensively manage their diet, nutrition , sports, lifestyle, drug use and regulation of blood glucose monitoring and ECG, blood pressure, peripheral blood away monitoring and two-way communication network via remote communication with the doctor of the hospital's computer system, under the guidance and supervision of a doctor carry out a comprehensive health care.
10.按照权利要求1所述的装置中,本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置针对脑血管疾病的患者,包括脑血管硬化、中风、脑外伤等的组合类型是脑血管健康数字助理装置,该装置由脑组织血、氧监护模块,即集成化智能脑血、氧传感器、数据贮存、计算机接口模块或脑血、氧信号采集盒与个人电脑装置或移动型电脑装置组成,以光学方式无创监测脑组织血、氧含量,装置由探头部份、模拟电路部份和计算机处理部份构成,由微处理器控制的光源电压频率控制器控制电子开关交替提供多个无创光源放射的照射光经过生物组织散射,由多组不同的滤光片分别接受多种不同波长的单波长光,这多种单波长光信号经光电转换为电信号,经信号放大器放大后送到模拟电路部份中差分放大电路以滤除共模干扰,外界光干扰后,经A/D转换器转化为数字信号,通过计算 10. The apparatus of claim 1 claim, features of the invention that the device of the invention for patients with cerebrovascular disease, including cerebrovascular sclerosis, stroke, traumatic brain injury and other cerebral vascular health combination type digital assistant device, the device consists of the blood brain tissue oxygen monitoring module, i.e., integrated intelligence cerebral, oxygen sensor, data storage, or the computer interface module cerebral blood oxygen signal acquisition cartridge with a personal computer or mobile computer device apparatus composed of optically non-invasive monitoring cerebral blood oxygen content, the processing means is constituted by part of the probe portion, the computer portion and an analog circuit, the voltage source controlled by the microprocessor controller controls the frequency of the electronic switch to provide a plurality of alternately non-invasive irradiation light emitted through the light source scattering biological tissue, a plurality of sets of different filters to accept the plurality of single wavelength light of different wavelengths, respectively, which multiple single-wavelength optical signal photoelectrically converted into an electric signal, amplified by the signal amplifier to the differential analog circuit portion after amplifying circuit to filter out common mode interference, external light interference, the A / D converter into a digital signal, by computing 机接口送入计算机装置中,应用专门设计的软件计算、分析反射的光信号波长及信号强弱,比较左、右两侧光探头同步照射采样的信号,以此分析脑组织血、氧含量,监测脑组织血、氧含量的变化,同时,应用采集的脑组织血、氧含量的数值进行生物反馈训练,通过控制身体放松,注意力集中来学会控制增加脑血流灌注量,采用脑血管病患者个性化立体健康管理软件中全面管理患者生活工作各个方面,并通过网络通讯反馈监测及管理信息,接受医生劝告。 Mount device into the computer, the application software specifically designed calculation, analysis of the reflected optical signal and the wavelength of the signal strength, comparing the left and right radiation sample signal synchronized on both sides of the optical probe, in order to analyze brain tissue blood oxygen content, monitor changes in cerebral blood oxygen content, while the value of cerebral blood collection applications, the oxygen content of biofeedback training, by controlling the body relax, focus to learn to control the increase of cerebral perfusion, the use of cerebrovascular disease personalized three-dimensional patient health management software in the overall management of all aspects of life in patients with work, and feedback monitoring and management of information through the network communication, receiving medical advice.
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