CN112302098A - Green belt system with automatic regulation, irrigation function - Google Patents

Green belt system with automatic regulation, irrigation function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112302098A
CN112302098A CN202011245730.XA CN202011245730A CN112302098A CN 112302098 A CN112302098 A CN 112302098A CN 202011245730 A CN202011245730 A CN 202011245730A CN 112302098 A CN112302098 A CN 112302098A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
reservoir
green belt
stage
rainwater
primary
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN202011245730.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周明亮
刘加强
张泽航
刘建莉
范秀磊
景辰阳
杨锦泯
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xuzhou University of Technology
Original Assignee
Xuzhou University of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xuzhou University of Technology filed Critical Xuzhou University of Technology
Priority to CN202011245730.XA priority Critical patent/CN112302098A/en
Publication of CN112302098A publication Critical patent/CN112302098A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • A01G27/04Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots using wicks or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/04Gullies inlets, road sinks, floor drains with or without odour seals or sediment traps
    • E03F5/0401Gullies for use in roads or pavements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/04Gullies inlets, road sinks, floor drains with or without odour seals or sediment traps
    • E03F5/0401Gullies for use in roads or pavements
    • E03F5/0404Gullies for use in roads or pavements with a permanent or temporary filtering device; Filtering devices specially adapted therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/04Gullies inlets, road sinks, floor drains with or without odour seals or sediment traps
    • E03F5/06Gully gratings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/10Collecting-tanks; Equalising-tanks for regulating the run-off; Laying-up basins
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F2201/00Details, devices or methods not otherwise provided for
    • E03F2201/10Dividing the first rain flush out of the stormwater flow
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The invention discloses a green belt system with automatic storage and irrigation functions, which comprises a green belt, an initial rainwater drainage well, a primary reservoir and a secondary reservoir, wherein the green belt is installed on an urban road and is isolated by curb stones; the initial rainwater discarding well and the first-stage reservoir are located in the second-stage reservoir, and water overflowing from the first-stage reservoir is stored in the second-stage reservoir. The system provided by the invention can not damage the plant root system in the aspect of irrigation for greening, and can not cause the loss of soil at the root; meanwhile, manual participation is not needed, and manpower and material resources are greatly saved. Meanwhile, the green belts are irrigated with rainwater, so that water resources are greatly saved. The system is provided with two reservoirs, when the rainfall is small, the first-level reservoir stores the surface water, and when the rainfall is large, the rainwater can enter the second-level reservoir through the overflow port, so that the effect of adjusting the peak flow can be achieved.

Description

Green belt system with automatic regulation, irrigation function
Technical Field
The invention relates to a green belt system with automatic storage and irrigation functions, and belongs to the field of road surface greening storage.
Background
The urban road green land is used as an important component of urban greening, and has the functions of shading protection, dust prevention, noise reduction, traffic isolation, environment beautification, air purification, air temperature regulation, driving safety improvement and the like for urban environment and traffic. With the development of urban economy, the improvement of living standard of people and the increasing shortage of urban water resources, the drip irrigation has the advantages of water conservation, soil conservation, labor conservation, strong adaptability, high maintenance quality, good landscape effect and the like, and is widely applied to urban road greenbelts. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention from the viewpoint of design.
Meanwhile, in the aspect of road surface drainage, inspection wells and water collection wells are mostly adopted, and road surface water accumulation caused by unsmooth drainage is often caused. Therefore, a green belt system which can irrigate green plants by using rainwater and assist water storage and drainage needs to be designed to optimize the urban rainwater system.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention provides a green belt system with automatic storage and irrigation functions.
In order to realize automatic irrigation of road surface greening and reasonable utilization of accumulated water on the road surface, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme that the green belt system with the functions of automatic regulation, storage and irrigation comprises a green belt, an initial rainwater discarding well, a primary water storage tank and a secondary water storage tank, wherein the green belt is installed on a city road and is isolated by curb stones;
the initial rainwater discarding well and the first-stage reservoir are located in the second-stage reservoir, and water overflowing from the first-stage reservoir is stored in the second-stage reservoir.
The invention relates to a preferable scheme of a green belt system with automatic storage and irrigation functions, which comprises the following steps: a perforated pipe is embedded in the green belt; the perforated pipe is connected with the first-stage reservoir through a water-absorbing hemp rope.
The invention relates to a preferable scheme of a green belt system with automatic storage and irrigation functions, which comprises the following steps: an antifouling fence is arranged at the joint of the initial rainwater drainage well and the urban road;
the side wall of the initial rainwater drainage well is provided with a primary water outlet pipe communicated with a municipal drainage official net and a primary water inlet communicated with a primary reservoir, and an upper baffle with a filter screen and a lower baffle with an initial rainwater outlet are installed in the primary rainwater drainage well; a spring is arranged between the upper baffle and the lower baffle, and a floating ball capable of plugging the initial rainwater outlet is installed at the bottom of the upper baffle.
The invention relates to a preferable scheme of a green belt system with automatic storage and irrigation functions, which comprises the following steps: and a first-stage overflow port and a first-stage inspection port are arranged on the side wall of the first-stage reservoir.
The invention relates to a preferable scheme of a green belt system with automatic storage and irrigation functions, which comprises the following steps: the side wall of the secondary reservoir is provided with a secondary overflow port and a secondary water outlet pipe with a stop valve, a submersible pump is placed in the secondary reservoir, and the free end of the water outlet pipe of the submersible pump is positioned above an urban road.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial technical effects that: the system provided by the invention can not damage the plant root system in the aspect of irrigation for greening, and can not cause the loss of soil at the root; meanwhile, manual participation is not needed, and manpower and material resources are greatly saved. Meanwhile, the green belts are irrigated with rainwater, so that water resources are greatly saved.
The system is provided with two reservoirs, when the rainfall is small, the first-level reservoir stores the surface water, and when the rainfall is large, the rainwater can enter the second-level reservoir through the overflow port, so that the effect of adjusting the peak flow can be achieved.
The essential characteristics and effects of the invention are as follows:
1. the energy consumption is avoided, rainwater is completely sucked into the green belt through the capillary action of the water-absorbing hemp ropes, the energy is saved, and the green land can be effectively conserved;
2. the flood peak flow of the road surface can be effectively regulated and controlled, and the pressure of the accumulated water on the road surface is relieved.
3. The rainwater can be stored in rainy season, the flow of the flood peak can be adjusted, self-priming irrigation and road sprinkling in dry season can be realized, and the effective utilization rate of rainwater resources is greatly improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of an initial rainwater drainage well;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a green belt structure;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the perforated pipe and the twine;
in the figure, 1-green belt, 2-curb, 3-initial rainwater abandoning well, 4-first-stage water outlet pipe, 5-submersible pump, 6-perforated pipe, 7-antifouling fence, 8-first-stage overflow port, 9-second-stage reservoir, 10-second-stage water outlet pipe, 11-water absorbing hemp rope, 12-first-stage water inlet, 13-first-stage reservoir, 14-first-stage inspection port, 15-second-stage inspection well, 16-second-stage overflow port, 3.1-upper baffle, 3.2-lower baffle, 3.3-spring, 3.4-initial rainwater outlet, 3.5-floating ball and 3.6-filter screen.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below. It should be understood, however, that the description herein of specific embodiments is only intended to illustrate the invention and not to limit the scope of the invention.
As shown in fig. 1, 2, 3 and 4, a green belt system with automatic storage and irrigation functions comprises a green belt 1 isolated by curb 2 installed on an urban road, an initial rainwater drainage well 3 installed below the urban road for collecting rainwater, a primary reservoir 13 installed below the green belt 1 and communicated with the initial rainwater drainage well 3, and a secondary reservoir 9 for storing water;
the initial rainwater discarding well 3 and the first-stage reservoir 13 are positioned in the second-stage reservoir 9, and water overflowing from the first-stage reservoir 13 is stored in the second-stage reservoir 9.
A perforated pipe 6 is embedded in the green belt 1; the perforated pipe 6 is connected with a primary reservoir 13 through a water-absorbing hemp rope 11.
An antifouling fence 7 is arranged at the joint of the initial rainwater drainage well 3 and the urban road;
a primary water outlet pipe 4 communicated with a municipal drainage official net and a primary water inlet 12 communicated with a primary reservoir 13 are arranged on the side wall of the initial rainwater drainage well 3, and an upper baffle 3.1 with a filter screen 3.6 and a lower baffle 3.2 with an initial rainwater outlet 3.4 are arranged in the initial rainwater drainage well; a spring 3.3 is arranged between the upper baffle 3.1 and the lower baffle 3.2, and a floating ball 3.5 capable of plugging the initial rainwater outlet 3.4 is arranged at the bottom of the upper baffle 3.1.
And a primary overflow port 8 and a primary inspection port 14 are arranged on the side wall of the primary reservoir 13.
And a secondary overflow port 16 and a secondary water outlet pipe 10 with a stop valve are arranged on the side wall of the secondary reservoir 9, a submersible pump 5 is placed in the secondary reservoir, and the free end of the water outlet pipe of the submersible pump 5 is positioned above an urban road.
When ponding appears on the road surface, the road surface rainwater of urban road gets into this retaining system through antifouling fence 7 in, antifouling fence 7 can be used to block in the foreign matter gets into the cistern.
When the primary rainwater scours the ground, the mixed dust enters the primary rainwater discarding well 3 and is discharged into an urban pipe network through the primary water outlet pipe 4. When the spring 3.3 is pressed down by the gravity with larger rainfall, the floating ball 3.5 blocks the initial rainwater outlet 3.4, and clean rainwater enters the primary reservoir 13 from the primary water inlet 12.
Rainwater enters the first-stage reservoir 13, the first-stage reservoir 13 stores the rainwater, a humidity difference is formed between soil and the first-stage reservoir 13 in sunny days, and water rises along the water absorption hemp rope 11 to enter the green belt to supply water to plant roots.
The upper end of the first-stage reservoir 13 is provided with a first-stage overflow port 8, excessive rainwater can overflow when the rainfall is increased, the excessive rainwater can be stored in the second-stage reservoir 9, meanwhile, the top of the second-stage reservoir 9 is provided with two second overflow ports 16, the excessive rainwater can be discharged into a municipal drainage pipe network through the second overflow ports 16 when the rainwater continues to enter, a submersible pump 5 is arranged in the second-stage reservoir 9, and the free end of a water outlet pipe of the submersible pump 5 is positioned above a municipal road, so that the rainwater can be used for other purposes. When the accumulated rainwater is not used for a long time, the rainwater is discharged into a drainage pipe network nearby through the secondary water outlet pipe 10 so as to prevent the rainwater from rotting and smelling; the upper parts of the primary reservoir 13 and the secondary reservoir 9 are respectively provided with a primary inspection opening 14 and a secondary inspection well 15 for maintenance and periodic cleaning.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents or improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. A green belt system with automatic regulation, irrigation function which characterized in that: the urban road rainwater drainage system comprises a green belt (1) which is installed on an urban road and is isolated by curbstone (2), an initial rainwater drainage well (3) which is installed below the urban road and is used for collecting rainwater, a primary reservoir (13) which is installed below the green belt (1) and is communicated with the initial rainwater drainage well (3), and a secondary reservoir (9) for storing water;
the initial rainwater discarding well (3) and the first-stage reservoir (13) are positioned in the second-stage reservoir (9), and water overflowing from the first-stage reservoir (13) is stored in the second-stage reservoir (9).
2. A green belt system with automatic storage and irrigation functions as claimed in claim 1, wherein: a perforated pipe (6) is embedded in the green belt (1); the perforated pipe (6) is connected with a first-stage reservoir (13) through a water-absorbing hemp rope (11).
3. A green belt system with automatic storage and irrigation functions as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the joint of the initial rainwater abandoning well (3) and the urban road is provided with an antifouling fence (7);
a primary water outlet pipe (4) communicated with a municipal drainage official net and a primary water inlet (12) communicated with a primary reservoir (13) are arranged on the side wall of the primary rainwater drainage well (3), and an upper baffle plate (3.1) with a filter screen (3.6) and a lower baffle plate (3.2) with a primary rainwater outlet (3.4) are installed in the primary rainwater drainage well; a spring (3.3) is arranged between the upper baffle (3.1) and the lower baffle (3.2), and a floating ball (3.5) capable of plugging the initial rainwater outlet (3.4) is installed at the bottom of the upper baffle (3.1).
4. A green belt system with automatic storage and irrigation functions as claimed in claim 3, wherein: and a first-stage overflow port (8) and a first-stage inspection port (14) are arranged on the side wall of the first-stage reservoir (13).
5. A green belt system with automatic storage and irrigation functions as claimed in claim 4, wherein: install second grade gap (16) and have second grade outlet pipe (10) of stop valve on the second grade cistern (9) lateral wall, placed immersible pump (5) inside it, the outlet pipe free end of immersible pump (5) is located urban road top.
CN202011245730.XA 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 Green belt system with automatic regulation, irrigation function Withdrawn CN112302098A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011245730.XA CN112302098A (en) 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 Green belt system with automatic regulation, irrigation function

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011245730.XA CN112302098A (en) 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 Green belt system with automatic regulation, irrigation function

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112302098A true CN112302098A (en) 2021-02-02

Family

ID=74325623

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011245730.XA Withdrawn CN112302098A (en) 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 Green belt system with automatic regulation, irrigation function

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112302098A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113914412A (en) * 2021-09-16 2022-01-11 江苏沃越建设工程有限公司 Sponge city is received and is held drainage road

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113914412A (en) * 2021-09-16 2022-01-11 江苏沃越建设工程有限公司 Sponge city is received and is held drainage road
CN113914412B (en) * 2021-09-16 2022-08-26 江苏沃越建设工程有限公司 Sponge city is received and is held drainage road

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Application publication date: 20210202