CN112282803B - Supporting device and method for fully mechanized coal mining face transportation crossheading and application of supporting device and method - Google Patents

Supporting device and method for fully mechanized coal mining face transportation crossheading and application of supporting device and method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN112282803B
CN112282803B CN202011069934.2A CN202011069934A CN112282803B CN 112282803 B CN112282803 B CN 112282803B CN 202011069934 A CN202011069934 A CN 202011069934A CN 112282803 B CN112282803 B CN 112282803B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
telescopic cylinder
support
hydraulic support
anchoring
face
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202011069934.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN112282803A (en
Inventor
孙奇
李正训
曹文明
周海龙
张彬
王东伟
沙建磊
张同鑫
房硕
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANDONG TAGAO MINING EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING CO LTD
Original Assignee
SHANDONG TAGAO MINING EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING CO LTD
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHANDONG TAGAO MINING EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING CO LTD filed Critical SHANDONG TAGAO MINING EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING CO LTD
Priority to CN202011069934.2A priority Critical patent/CN112282803B/en
Publication of CN112282803A publication Critical patent/CN112282803A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN112282803B publication Critical patent/CN112282803B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D15/00Props; Chocks, e.g. made of flexible containers filled with backfilling material
    • E21D15/14Telescopic props
    • E21D15/44Hydraulic, pneumatic, or hydraulic-pneumatic props
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D23/00Mine roof supports for step- by- step movement, e.g. in combination with provisions for shifting of conveyors, mining machines, or guides therefor
    • E21D23/0004Mine roof supports for step- by- step movement, e.g. in combination with provisions for shifting of conveyors, mining machines, or guides therefor along the working face
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D23/00Mine roof supports for step- by- step movement, e.g. in combination with provisions for shifting of conveyors, mining machines, or guides therefor
    • E21D23/04Structural features of the supporting construction, e.g. linking members between adjacent frames or sets of props; Means for counteracting lateral sliding on inclined floor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D23/00Mine roof supports for step- by- step movement, e.g. in combination with provisions for shifting of conveyors, mining machines, or guides therefor
    • E21D23/08Advancing mechanisms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D23/00Mine roof supports for step- by- step movement, e.g. in combination with provisions for shifting of conveyors, mining machines, or guides therefor
    • E21D23/16Hydraulic or pneumatic features, e.g. circuits, arrangement or adaptation of valves, setting or retracting devices

Abstract

A supporting device and method for a fully mechanized coal mining face transportation crossheading and application of the supporting device comprise a door type advance hydraulic support group (1) acting on a roadway roof on the fully mechanized coal mining face transportation crossheading, and a supporting frame with an opening is formed in the fully mechanized coal mining face transportation crossheading through the door type advance hydraulic support group (1), so that the supporting safety performance of the transportation crossheading is improved.

Description

Supporting device and method for fully mechanized coal mining face transportation crossheading and application of supporting device and method
Technical Field
The invention relates to a supporting device and a supporting method, in particular to a supporting device and a supporting method for a fully mechanized coal mining face transportation crossheading and application thereof.
Background
The working face crossheading is a stoping roadway excavated for stoping a coal bed, and generally comprises two working face crossheadings, namely a transport crossheading and a return air crossheading, wherein the transport crossheading is provided with a belt conveyor which is used for transporting coal out of the working face, transporting inlet air into the crossheading and returning air into the return air crossheading,
under the condition that a plurality of coal mine tunnel roofs are broken, a stack type advance support is adopted mostly, the stack type advance support is pushed in a large circulation mode that a tail frame is changed into a first frame, and the top plate is always in a supporting state, so the phenomena of sinking, deformation and the like of the top plate cannot occur. If the bracket is adopted, the excavation amount of the coal mine transportation gate and the pressure of the top plate are increased, the mining efficiency of the coal mine working face is influenced, and greater potential safety hazards exist,
the walking self-moving type forepoling has a stable four-bar mechanism, has large working resistance and large supporting area, but the moving mode of the advancing self-moving type forepoling is walking self-moving, the advancing step distance is about 700mm, the roof is repeatedly supported, the damage to the roof is serious, and the walking type forepoling has the four-bar mechanism, has strong bearing capacity and large volume. The forward movement mainly depends on a pushing jack on the base, the step pitch of the pushing jack is generally 700mm, if the pushing jack is arranged in a long distance, the whole support is lowered every 700mm, then the support is moved forward, the roadway roof is crushed in the process of repeatedly lifting, lowering and moving the support, the maintenance and management of the roof are not facilitated,
particularly, when the top plate is broken and the transportation crossheading is close to the goaf of the previous working face, the maintenance workload of the top plate is very huge, under the condition, the walking type forepoling is used, the breaking degree of the top plate is aggravated, the transportation crossheading is deformed more and more seriously due to the pressure from the working face mining and the goaf, and further troublesome problems of insufficient ventilation section, insufficient coal conveying space, incapability of moving a transfer conveyor and a support and the like are caused,
the technical scheme of the invention is made based on the technical problems, technical features and technical effects in the technical background of the applicant.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a supporting device used on a fully mechanized coal mining face transportation gateway,
the invention aims to provide a supporting method for a fully mechanized coal mining face transportation gateway,
the invention aims to provide a supporting device and an application of the supporting device and the supporting method for a fully mechanized coal mining face transportation gateway.
In order to overcome the technical defects, the invention aims to provide a supporting device and a supporting method for a fully mechanized mining face transportation crossheading and application thereof, so that the supporting safety performance of the transportation crossheading is improved.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the technical scheme that: the utility model provides a supporting device for combine and adopt on working face transportation crossheading, includes and is used in the gate-type hydraulic support group in advance who combines on adopting the working face transportation crossheading on the tunnel roof.
Owing to designed gate-type leading hydraulic support group, through gate-type leading hydraulic support group, form the support frame that has the tunnel in the working face transportation crossheading is being combined and adopted, consequently improved the safety performance that struts of transportation crossheading.
The invention designs the technical characteristics of integrating a portal type advanced hydraulic support group in a mode of forming a support frame with a tunnel.
The invention designs that the hydraulic support device further comprises a first accessory device, the first accessory device is arranged on the portal type advance hydraulic support group, and the first accessory device is arranged to comprise a first anchoring support, a second anchoring support and a connecting chain.
The invention designs that the device also comprises a second accessory device, the second accessory device is arranged on the first accessory device, and the second accessory device is arranged to comprise a supporting telescopic cylinder and a lifting device.
The invention designs that the hydraulic support device further comprises a third accessory device, the third accessory device is arranged between the first accessory device and the door type advanced hydraulic support group, and the third accessory device is arranged as a suspension clasp.
The invention contemplates that the fourth accessory device is included and disposed on the first accessory device, the fourth accessory device being configured to include a monorail crane and a track.
According to the invention, a gate type advanced hydraulic support group is respectively arranged between a first anchoring support and a second anchoring support, a supporting telescopic cylinder is respectively arranged on the first anchoring support and the second anchoring support, and a lifting device is arranged on the supporting telescopic cylinder.
The invention designs a door type advanced hydraulic support of a door type advanced hydraulic support group, which comprises a first base, a second base, a first vertical telescopic cylinder, a second vertical telescopic cylinder, a first top beam, a first telescopic beam, a second telescopic beam, a first transverse telescopic cylinder and a second transverse telescopic cylinder, wherein one port part of the first top beam is connected with the first telescopic beam in a sliding way, one end head of the first transverse telescopic cylinder is connected with the first top beam through a pin shaft, the other end head of the first transverse telescopic cylinder is connected with a first telescopic Liang Lianjie through a pin shaft, one end head of the first vertical telescopic cylinder is connected with the first telescopic beam through a pin shaft, the other end head of the first vertical telescopic cylinder is connected with the first base through a pin shaft, one port part of the first top beam is connected with the second telescopic beam in a sliding way, one end of the second transverse telescopic cylinder is connected with the first top beam through a pin shaft, the other end of the second transverse telescopic cylinder is connected with a second telescopic Liang Lianjie through a pin shaft, one end of the second vertical telescopic cylinder is connected with a second telescopic Liang Lianjie through a pin shaft, the other end of the second vertical telescopic cylinder is connected with a second base through a pin shaft, the lower end surface of the first top beam is connected with a connecting chain, the first top beam, the first telescopic beam and the second telescopic beam are respectively connected with a roadway roof on a fully mechanized mining face transportation gateway in a contact mode, the first base and the second base are respectively arranged into a ship-shaped seat body, and the first vertical telescopic cylinder, the second vertical telescopic cylinder, the first transverse telescopic cylinder and the second transverse telescopic cylinder are arranged into two-section telescopic cylinders, the hydraulic port part of the first vertical telescopic cylinder, the hydraulic port part of the second vertical telescopic cylinder, the hydraulic port part of the first transverse telescopic cylinder and the hydraulic port part of the second transverse telescopic cylinder are respectively arranged to be connected with a hydraulic device, and the first top beam, the first telescopic beam and the second telescopic beam are respectively arranged to be rectangular tubular bodies.
The invention designs that the distance between two adjacent door type advance hydraulic supports in the door type advance hydraulic support group is set to be-mm.
The invention designs that the first anchoring bracket and the second anchoring bracket are respectively arranged to comprise a second top beam, a third base, a first connecting rod and a second connecting rod, the rear end face part of the second top beam is respectively connected with one end of the shield beam and one end of the shield beam telescopic cylinder through a pin shaft, the rear part of the lower end face of the second top beam is connected with one end of the top beam telescopic cylinder through a pin shaft, the other end of the top beam telescopic cylinder is connected with the middle part of the upper end face of the third base through a pin shaft, the other end of the shield beam telescopic cylinder is connected with the middle part of the inner side face of the shield beam through a pin shaft, the other end of the shield beam telescopic cylinder is respectively connected with one end of the first connecting rod and one end of the second connecting rod through a pin shaft, the other end of the first connecting rod is connected with the rear part of the upper end face of the third base through a pin shaft, the other end of the second connecting rod is connected with the middle part of the upper end face of the third base through a pin shaft, the front end face part of the second top beam is respectively connected with a connecting chain, a supporting telescopic cylinder and a lifting device, the second top beam is arranged to be a rectangular box body, the third base is arranged to be a ship-shaped seat body, the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod are respectively arranged to be rectangular strip bodies, the shield beam is arranged to be a P-shaped box body, the top beam telescopic cylinder and the shield beam telescopic cylinder are respectively arranged to be two-joint telescopic cylinders, the hydraulic port part of the top beam telescopic cylinder and the hydraulic port part of the shield beam telescopic cylinder are respectively arranged to be connected with a hydraulic device, the first anchoring support is arranged at the front end of the coal face, and the second anchoring support is arranged at the rear end of the coal face.
The invention designs that the connecting chain is arranged to comprise a chain, a first ear plate and a second ear plate, the rear end face part of the first ear plate is arranged to be connected with the first anchoring bracket, the rear end face part of the second ear plate is arranged to be connected with the second anchoring bracket, the chain is arranged on the lifting device,
the front end face part of the first lug plate and the front end face part of the second lug plate are respectively provided with a through hole body, the through hole body of the first lug plate and the through hole body of the second lug plate are respectively connected with a chain through a pin shaft, the chain is set as a traction chain, and the first lug plate and the second lug plate are respectively set as trapezoidal platy bodies.
The invention designs that the supporting telescopic cylinder is arranged into a two-section telescopic cylinder, the hydraulic port parts of the supporting telescopic cylinder are respectively arranged to be connected with a hydraulic device, one end head of the supporting telescopic cylinder is arranged to be connected with a lifting device through a pin shaft, and the other end head of the supporting telescopic cylinder is respectively arranged to be connected with a first anchoring support and a second anchoring support through pin shafts.
The invention designs a lifting device which comprises a plate part, an inner rod part, a vertical rod part and an inclined rod part, wherein the inner end of the inner rod part is respectively connected with a first anchoring support and a second anchoring support, the plate part is connected with a connecting chain, the outer end of the inner rod part is connected with the end part of the inner side surface of the plate part through a pin shaft, the outer part of the end surface of the lower end of the inner rod part is connected with the end part of the lower end of the inner rod part through a pin shaft, the outer part of the lower end of the inner rod part is connected with the end part of the inner side surface of the plate part through a pin shaft, the lower end of the vertical rod part is connected with one end of the inclined rod part and a supporting telescopic cylinder through a pin shaft, the other end of the inclined rod part is connected with the end surface of the lower end of the plate part, one inner rod part, one vertical rod part and one inclined rod part are arranged to form a group of amplitude variation rod device, the two groups of amplitude variation rod devices are respectively arranged between the plate part and the first anchoring support, the other two groups of amplitude variation rod devices are respectively arranged between the plate part and the second anchoring support and are arranged to be rectangular sheet-shaped bodies, and the inner rod part, the vertical rod part and the inclined rod part are respectively arranged to be rectangular strip-shaped bodies.
The invention designs that a portal type advanced hydraulic support group, a first anchoring support, a second anchoring support and a connecting chain are distributed in a mode of fixing end heads, the portal type advanced hydraulic support group, the first anchoring support, the second anchoring support, the connecting chain, a supporting telescopic cylinder and a lifting device are distributed in a mode of variable amplitude end heads, two supporting telescopic cylinders and one lifting device are arranged to form a group of end head variable amplitude components, one group of end head variable amplitude components are arranged on the first anchoring support, the other group of end head variable amplitude components are arranged on the second anchoring support, at least three connecting chains are arranged on the portal type advanced hydraulic support group, and an inner rod part, a first lug plate and a second lug plate are respectively connected with a second top beam.
The invention designs that a suspension buckle is arranged on a portal type advanced hydraulic support group, a track is arranged on the suspension buckle, and a monorail crane is arranged on the track.
The invention designs that the end surface of the upper end of the buckle ring of the suspension buckle is connected with the first top beam, the buckle ring of the suspension buckle is connected with the chain in a containing mode, the lock rod cap of the suspension buckle is connected with the chain in a penetrating mode, the buckle ring of the suspension buckle is arranged in an omega-shaped rod-shaped body, and the lock rod cap of the suspension buckle is arranged in a hexagon bolt.
The invention designs that the track comprises a track part and a hook part, the upper end surface part of the track part is connected with the hook part, the track part is connected with the monorail crane, the hook part is connected with the chain, the track part is an I-shaped beam, and the hook part is a U-shaped rod-shaped body.
The invention designs that the monorail crane is connected with the track.
The invention designs a supporting method for a fully mechanized coal mining face transportation crossheading, which comprises the following steps: the portal type advanced hydraulic support group is used for forming a support frame with a tunnel in a fully mechanized mining face transportation crossheading.
The invention designs that the method comprises the following steps: placing a first anchoring support in the front end of a coal face, placing a second anchoring support in the rear end of the coal face, enabling a top beam telescopic cylinder to be in an extension state, enabling a first connecting rod and a second connecting rod to rotate on a third base, enabling a shield beam to rotate on a second top beam, enabling the second top beam to be lifted, enabling the second top beam to act on a roadway roof on a fully mechanized mining face transportation gateway, adjusting the front-back distance of the second top beam on the roadway roof on the fully mechanized mining face transportation gateway through the adjustment of the extension state of the shield beam telescopic cylinder, placing a gate type advance hydraulic support group between the first anchoring support and the second anchoring support, keeping the distance between two adjacent gate type advance hydraulic supports in the gate type advance hydraulic support group to be-mm, enabling the first transverse telescopic cylinder and the second transverse telescopic cylinder to be in the extension state respectively, the first telescopic beam and the second telescopic beam extend out of the first top beam to drive the first base and the second base to move outwards, the first base and the second base are respectively arranged on the side surface of a fully mechanized mining face roadway, the first vertical telescopic cylinder and the second vertical telescopic cylinder are respectively in an extension state to drive the first top beam, the first telescopic beam and the second telescopic beam to rise, the first top beam, the first telescopic beam and the second telescopic Liang Zuoyong are arranged on a roadway top plate on a fully mechanized mining face transportation chute, a chain is connected with the first top beam, the first lug plate is connected with the second top beam of the second anchoring support, the second lug plate is connected with the second top beam of the first anchoring support, the ends of the chain are respectively connected with the first lug plate and the second lug plate through pin shafts, the extension state of the supporting telescopic cylinder is adjusted, and the plate part, the vertical rod part and the inclined rod part swing on the inner part, the plate part acts on the chain, the tension degree of the chain is adjusted, and the reversed loader or the belt conveyor is arranged in the gate-type advanced hydraulic support group.
The invention designs that the steps are as follows: when the fully mechanized mining face transportation crossheading is extended forwards, the supporting telescopic cylinder is in a contracted state, the plate part, the vertical rod part and the inclined rod part swing in the opposite direction on the inner rod part, the plate part is separated from the chain, the pin shaft between the chain and the second anchoring support is taken out, the lock rod cap of the suspension buckle on the door type leading hydraulic support in the door type leading hydraulic support group which is adjacent to the second anchoring support and needs to be carried forwards is separated from the buckle ring of the suspension buckle, the chain is separated from the door type leading hydraulic support in the door type leading hydraulic support group which needs to be carried forwards, the second anchoring support moves forwards and is arranged on the next rear end in the coal mining face, the chain is connected with the second anchoring support through the pin shaft, and the first vertical telescopic cylinder, the second vertical telescopic cylinder, the first transverse telescopic cylinder and the second transverse telescopic cylinder in the door type leading hydraulic support group which needs to be carried forwards are in a contracted state, the method comprises the steps that a gate-type advance hydraulic support in a gate-type advance hydraulic support group needing to be conveyed forwards is in a folded state, a track is installed on chains of the gate-type advance hydraulic supports in a first anchoring support, a second anchoring support and the gate-type advance hydraulic support in the gate-type advance hydraulic support group not needing to be conveyed forwards, a monorail crane is installed on the track, the gate-type advance hydraulic support in the gate-type advance hydraulic support group needing to be conveyed forwards is conveyed to the front end of a coal face through the monorail crane, the gantry-type advance hydraulic support is installed behind the first anchoring support, a pin shaft between the chain and the first anchoring support is taken out, the first anchoring support is made to move forwards and is installed on the next front end of the coal face, and a first vertical telescopic cylinder, a second vertical telescopic cylinder and a third vertical telescopic cylinder in the gate-type advance hydraulic support group needing to be conveyed forwards are made to be installed on the next front end of the coal face, the device comprises a second vertical telescopic cylinder, a first transverse telescopic cylinder and a second transverse telescopic cylinder, wherein the door-type advance hydraulic support in a door-type advance hydraulic support group needing to be conveyed forwards is in an unfolded state, the door-type advance hydraulic support in the door-type advance hydraulic support group needing to be conveyed forwards is supported on a roadway roof on a fully mechanized mining face transportation crossheading, a chain is connected with the door-type advance hydraulic support in the door-type advance hydraulic support group needing to be conveyed forwards through a lock rod cap of a hanging buckle on the door-type advance hydraulic support in the door-type advance hydraulic support group needing to be conveyed forwards and a buckle ring of the hanging buckle, the chain is connected with a first anchoring support through a pin shaft, the extension state of the telescopic cylinder is supported and adjusted, the plate part, the vertical rod part and the inclined rod part swing on the inner rod part, the plate part acts on the chain, the tension degree of the chain is adjusted, and a reversed loader or a belt conveyor is arranged in the door-type advance hydraulic support group in a forward shifting manner.
The invention designs a supporting device and a supporting method for a fully mechanized mining face transportation crossheading, which are applied to a roadway with a narrow width and a broken roof.
In the technical scheme, the door type advance hydraulic support group is a basic component and is also an essential technical characteristic of the invention, the first anchoring support, the second anchoring support, the connecting chain, the supporting telescopic cylinder, the lifting device, the monorail crane, the rail and the hanging buckle are functional components and are characteristics for realizing other technical effects of the invention, and the first base, the second base, the first vertical telescopic cylinder, the second vertical telescopic cylinder, the first top beam, the first telescopic beam, the second telescopic beam, the first transverse telescopic cylinder, the second top beam, the third base, the first connecting rod, the second connecting rod, the shield beam, the top beam telescopic cylinder, the shield beam telescopic cylinder, the chain, the first lug plate, the second lug plate, the plate part, the inner rod part, the vertical rod part, the inclined rod part, the rail part and the hook part are designed according with the technical characteristics of the patent law and the implementation detailed rules thereof.
In the technical scheme, the portal type advance hydraulic support group forming the support frame with the tunnel is an important technical characteristic, and has novelty, creativity and practicability in the technical field of the support device and method used for the fully mechanized mining face transportation crossheading and application thereof, and terms in the technical scheme can be explained and understood by patent documents in the technical field.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the embodiments or the prior art descriptions will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts.
Figure 1 is a schematic view of one of the first embodiments of the present invention,
figure 2 is a schematic view of a second embodiment of the present invention,
the device comprises a door type advanced hydraulic support group-1, a first anchoring support-2, a second anchoring support-3, a connecting chain-4, a supporting telescopic cylinder-5, a lifting device-6, a monorail crane-7, a rail-8, a suspension buckle-9, a first base-11, a second base-12, a first vertical telescopic cylinder-13, a second vertical telescopic cylinder-14, a first top beam-15, a first telescopic beam-16, a second telescopic beam-17, a first transverse telescopic cylinder-18, a second transverse telescopic cylinder-19, a second top beam-21, a third base-22, a first connecting rod-23, a second connecting rod-24, a shield beam-25, a top beam telescopic cylinder-26, a shield beam telescopic cylinder-27, a chain-41, a first lug plate-42, a second lug plate-43, a plate part-61, an inner rod part-62, a vertical rod part-63, an inclined rod part-64, a rail part-81 and a hook part-82.
Detailed Description
Terms such as "having," "including," and "comprising," as used with respect to the present invention, are to be understood as not specifying the presence or addition of one or more other elements or combinations thereof, in accordance with the examination guidelines.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
In addition, the technical features mentioned in the different embodiments of the present invention described below can be combined with each other as long as they do not conflict with each other, and further, unless otherwise specified, the equipments and materials used in the following examples are commercially available, and if the processing conditions are not explicitly specified, please refer to the commercially available product specifications or follow the conventional method in the art.
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Fig. 1 is one of first embodiments of the present invention, and specifically describes the embodiment with reference to the accompanying drawings, and includes a portal type advanced hydraulic support group 1, a first anchoring support 2, a second anchoring support 3, a connecting chain 4, a supporting telescopic cylinder 5 and a lifting device 6, where the portal type advanced hydraulic support group 1 is respectively disposed between the first anchoring support 2 and the second anchoring support 3, the supporting telescopic cylinder 5 is respectively disposed on the first anchoring support 2 and the second anchoring support 3, and the lifting device 6 is disposed on the supporting telescopic cylinder 5.
In this embodiment, the door-type leading hydraulic support of the door-type leading hydraulic support group 1 is configured to include a first base 11, a second base 12, a first vertical telescopic cylinder 13, a second vertical telescopic cylinder 14, a first top beam 15, a first telescopic beam 16, a second telescopic beam 17, a first transverse telescopic cylinder 18 and a second transverse telescopic cylinder 19, wherein one port of the first top beam 15 is configured to be slidably coupled to the first telescopic beam 16, one end of the first transverse telescopic cylinder 18 is configured to be coupled to the first top beam 15 through a pin and the other end of the first transverse telescopic cylinder 18 is configured to be coupled to the first telescopic beam 16 through a pin, one end of the first vertical telescopic cylinder 13 is configured to be coupled to the first telescopic beam 16 through a pin and the other end of the first vertical telescopic cylinder 13 is configured to be coupled to the first base 11 through a pin, one port of the first top beam 15 is connected with the second telescopic beam 17 in a sliding manner, one end of the second transverse telescopic cylinder 19 is connected with the first top beam 15 through a pin shaft, the other end of the second transverse telescopic cylinder 19 is connected with the second telescopic beam 17 through a pin shaft, one end of the second vertical telescopic cylinder 14 is connected with the second telescopic beam 17 through a pin shaft, the other end of the second vertical telescopic cylinder 14 is connected with the second base 12 through a pin shaft, the lower end surface of the first top beam 15 is connected with the connecting chain 4, the first top beam 15, the first telescopic beam 16 and the second telescopic beam 17 are respectively connected with a roadway roof on a fully mechanized mining face transportation gateway in a contact manner, the first base 11 and the second base 12 are respectively arranged into a vertical boat-shaped base, the first telescopic cylinder 13, the second vertical telescopic cylinder 14, the first transverse telescopic cylinder 18 and the second transverse telescopic cylinder 19 are two-joint telescopic cylinders, a hydraulic port of the first vertical telescopic cylinder 13, a hydraulic port of the second vertical telescopic cylinder 14, a hydraulic port of the first transverse telescopic cylinder 18 and a hydraulic port of the second transverse telescopic cylinder 19 are respectively connected with a hydraulic device, and the first top beam 15, the first telescopic beam 16 and the second telescopic beam 17 are respectively rectangular tubular bodies.
Through door-type leading hydraulic support group 1, the support tie point to connecting link 4 has been formed, by first back timber 15, realized being connected with connecting link 4, by first base 11, second base 12, first back timber 15, first flexible roof beam 16 and the flexible roof beam 17 of second, realized handling the support of combining the tunnel roof plate on the working face transportation crossheading of adopting, by first vertical telescoping cylinder 13 and the vertical telescoping cylinder 14 of second, realized the altitude mixture control to door-type leading hydraulic support, by first horizontal telescoping cylinder 18 and the horizontal telescoping cylinder 19 of second, realized the width regulation to door-type leading hydraulic support, its technical aim is in that: the supporting device is used as a part for supporting the roadway roof on the fully mechanized coal mining face transportation gateway in the middle.
In the present embodiment, the distance between two adjacent portal advancing hydraulic supports in the portal advancing hydraulic support group 1 is set to be 580-620mm.
By gate-type advanced hydraulic support group 1, realized being connected with connecting chain 4, its technical aim at: the supporting device is used as a part for supporting the length of the roadway roof on the fully mechanized coal mining face transportation gate way.
In this embodiment, the first anchor bracket 2 and the second anchor bracket 3 are respectively configured to include a second roof beam 21, a third base 22, a first connecting rod 23, a second connecting rod 24, a shield beam 25, a roof beam telescopic cylinder 26 and a shield beam telescopic cylinder 27, and a rear end face portion of the second roof beam 21 is respectively configured to be coupled to one end of the shield beam 25 and one end of the shield beam telescopic cylinder 27 through a pin, a rear portion of a lower end face of the second roof beam 21 is configured to be coupled to one end of the roof beam telescopic cylinder 26 through a pin and the other end of the roof beam telescopic cylinder 26 is configured to be coupled to an upper end face middle portion of the third base 22 through a pin, the other end of the shield beam telescopic cylinder 27 is configured to be coupled to an inner side face of the shield beam 25 through a pin and the other end of the shield beam 25 is configured to be coupled to one end of the first connecting rod 23 and one end of the second connecting rod 24 through a pin, the other end of the first connecting rod 23 is connected with the rear part of the upper end face of the third base 22 through a pin shaft, the other end of the second connecting rod 24 is connected with the middle part of the upper end face of the third base 22 through a pin shaft, the front end face part of the second top beam 21 is respectively connected with the connecting chain 4, the supporting telescopic cylinder 5 and the lifting device 6, the second top beam 21 is arranged to be a rectangular box body, the third base 22 is arranged to be a boat-shaped seat body, the first connecting rod 23 and the second connecting rod 24 are respectively arranged to be rectangular strip bodies, the shield beam 25 is arranged to be a P-shaped box body, the top beam telescopic cylinder 26 and the shield beam telescopic cylinder 27 are respectively arranged to be two-joint telescopic cylinders, the hydraulic port part of the top beam telescopic cylinder 26 and the hydraulic port part of the shield beam telescopic cylinder 27 are respectively arranged to be connected with a hydraulic device, the first anchor bracket 2 is arranged at the front end in the coal face and the second anchor bracket 3 is arranged at the rear end in the coal face.
Through first anchor support 2 and second anchor support 3, formed to connecting link 4, support telescopic cylinder 5 and lift device 6's support tie point, by second back timber 21, realized being connected with connecting link 4, realized and support telescopic cylinder 5's connection, realized and lift device 6's connection, by second back timber 21 and third base 22, realized handling the support of combining the tunnel roof plate on the working face transportation crossheading, by first connecting rod 23, second connecting rod 24, shield roof beam 25, back timber telescopic cylinder 26 and shield roof beam telescopic cylinder 27, realized the altitude mixture control to anchor support, its technical aim at: the hydraulic support is used as one of the parts for reinforcing and connecting the door type advance hydraulic support group 1.
In the present embodiment, the connecting link 4 is configured to include the chain 41, the first lug 42 and the second lug 43, and the rear end surface portion of the first lug 42 is configured to be coupled with the first anchor bracket 2, the rear end surface portion of the second lug 43 is configured to be coupled with the second anchor bracket 3 and the chain 41 is configured on the lifting device 6,
the front end surface portion of the first lug plate 42 and the front end surface portion of the second lug plate 43 are respectively provided with a through hole body, the through hole body of the first lug plate 42 and the through hole body of the second lug plate 43 are respectively arranged to be coupled with the chain 41 through a pin shaft and the chain 41 is arranged as a traction chain, and the first lug plate 42 and the second lug plate 43 are respectively arranged as trapezoidal sheet bodies.
Through the connecting link 4, formed the support tie point to first anchor support 2, second anchor support 3 and lift device 6, by first otic placode 42, realized being connected with first anchor support 2, by second otic placode 43, realized being connected with second anchor support 3, by chain 41, realized with lift device 6's being connected, its technical aim at: and the second part is used for reinforcing and connecting the door type advance hydraulic support group 1.
In this embodiment, the telescopic supporting cylinder 5 is provided as a two-section telescopic cylinder and the hydraulic ports of the telescopic supporting cylinder 5 are respectively provided to be connected to a hydraulic device, one end of the telescopic supporting cylinder 5 is provided to be coupled to the lifting device 6 through a pin and the other end of the telescopic supporting cylinder 5 is provided to be coupled to the first anchoring bracket 2 and the second anchoring bracket 3 through a pin.
Through supporting telescoping cylinder 5, formed the support tie point to first anchor support 2, second anchor support 3 and lift device 6, by supporting telescoping cylinder 5, realized being connected with first anchor support 2, realized being connected with second anchor support 3, realized being connected with lift device 6, its technical aim at: as a means for driving the lifting device 6 to swing on the first anchor bracket 2 and the second anchor bracket 3.
In the present embodiment, the lift device 6 is configured to include the plate portion 61, the inner rod portion 62, the vertical rod portion 63, and the inclined rod portion 64, and the inner end of the inner rod portion 62 is configured to be coupled to the first anchor bracket 2 and the second anchor bracket 3, respectively, the plate portion 61 is configured to be coupled to the connecting chain 4, the outer end of the inner rod portion 62 is configured to be coupled to the inner side end of the plate portion 61 by a pin and the outer end of the lower end of the inner rod portion 62 is configured to be coupled to the upper end of the vertical rod portion 63 by a pin, the lower end of the vertical rod portion 63 is configured to be coupled to one of the ends of the inclined rod portion 64 and the supporting telescopic cylinder 5 by a pin and the other end of the inclined rod portion 64 is configured to be coupled to the lower end of the plate portion 61, one of the inner rod portion 62, one of the vertical rod portion 63, and one of the inclined rod portion 64 is configured to constitute one set of horn device, and two sets of horn devices are respectively disposed between the plate portion 61 and the first anchor bracket 2, wherein the other two sets of horn devices are respectively disposed between the rectangular plate portion 61 and the second anchor bracket 3, and the plate portion 61 is configured to be a rectangular plate portion 61, and the inner rod portion 62, the inner rod portion 63 and the inclined rod portion 64 are configured to be disposed as a rectangular plate portion 64 are configured to be a rectangular plate portion 61.
Through lifting devices 6, formed the support tie point to first anchor support 2, second anchor support 3 and connecting chain 4, by interior pole portion 62, realized being connected with first anchor support 2, realized being connected with second anchor support 3, by board 61, realized being connected with connecting chain 4, by vertical pole portion 63 and down tube portion 64, realized that board 61 carries out the state change on first anchor support 2 and second anchor support 3 and handled, its technical aim at: for adjusting the tension of the connecting chain 4.
In this embodiment, the door-type advanced hydraulic support group 1, the first anchor support 2, the second anchor support 3 and the connecting chains 4 are arranged to be distributed in a manner of end fixing, the door-type advanced hydraulic support group 1, the first anchor support 2, the second anchor support 3, the connecting chains 4, the supporting telescopic cylinders 5 and the lifting devices 6 are arranged to be distributed in a manner of end amplitude variation, the two supporting telescopic cylinders 5 and the lifting devices 6 are arranged to form a group of end amplitude variation components, one group of end amplitude variation components are arranged on the first anchor support 2, the other group of end amplitude variation components are arranged on the second anchor support 3, at least three connecting chains 4 are arranged on the door-type advanced hydraulic support group 1, and the inner rod part 62, the first ear plate 42 and the second ear plate 43 are respectively arranged to be connected with the second top beam 21.
In one of the supporting examples of the first embodiment of the present invention, the distance between two adjacent portal advancing hydraulic supports in the portal advancing hydraulic support group 1 is set to 580mm.
In the second supporting example of the first embodiment of the present invention, the distance between two adjacent portal advancing hydraulic supports in the portal advancing hydraulic support group 1 is set to 620mm.
In the third support example of the first embodiment of the present invention, the distance between two adjacent portal advancing hydraulic supports in the portal advancing hydraulic support group 1 is set to 600mm.
The invention is further described below with reference to the following examples, which are intended to illustrate the invention but not to limit it further.
The invention discloses a supporting method for a fully mechanized mining face haulage gateway, which comprises the following steps in a first embodiment of the invention: placing a first anchoring support 2 in the front end of a coal face, placing a second anchoring support 3 in the rear end of the coal face, enabling a top beam telescopic cylinder 26 to be in an extension state, enabling a first connecting rod 23 and a second connecting rod 24 to rotate on a third base 22, enabling a shield beam 25 to rotate on a second top beam 21, enabling the second top beam 21 to be lifted, enabling a second top beam 21 to act on a roadway roof on a fully mechanized mining face transportation gateway, adjusting the front-back distance of the second top beam 21 on the roadway roof on the fully mechanized mining face transportation gateway through the adjustment of the extension state of the shield beam telescopic cylinder 27, placing a portal type advancing hydraulic support group 1 between the first anchoring support 2 and the second anchoring support 3, keeping the distance between two adjacent portal type hydraulic supports in the portal type advancing hydraulic support group 1 at 580-620mm according to the extension state of the portal type advancing hydraulic support group 1, enabling a first transverse telescopic cylinder 18 and a second transverse telescopic cylinder 19 to be in the extension state respectively, enabling the first telescopic cylinder 16 and the second telescopic cylinder 17 to be in the extension state, enabling the first telescopic cylinder 16 and the second telescopic cylinder to be connected with a first telescopic cylinder 15, enabling the first telescopic cylinder to be connected with the first telescopic cylinder 11, enabling the second telescopic cylinder to be connected with the first telescopic cylinder 11, enabling the first telescopic cylinder to be connected with the base to be connected with the first telescopic cylinder 17, enabling the second telescopic cylinder to be connected with the base 12, enabling the telescopic cylinder 17, enabling the extension of the telescopic cylinder to be connected with the telescopic cylinder 17, and the base to be connected with the base 12, the extension state of the supporting telescopic cylinder 5 is adjusted, so that the plate part 61, the vertical rod part 63 and the inclined rod part 64 swing on the inner rod part 62, the plate part 61 acts on the chain 41, the tension degree of the chain 41 is adjusted, and the reversed loader or the belt conveyer 10 is installed in the door type advancing hydraulic support group 1.
One of the supporting examples of one of the first embodiments of the present invention is to maintain the distance between two adjacent portal advancing hydraulic supports in the portal advancing hydraulic support group 1 at 580mm.
According to the second supporting example of the first embodiment of the present invention, the distance between two adjacent portal advancing hydraulic supports in the portal advancing hydraulic support group 1 is kept at 620mm.
According to the third supporting example of the first embodiment of the invention, the distance between two adjacent door type advancing hydraulic supports in the door type advancing hydraulic support group 1 is kept 600mm.
Fig. 2 is a second embodiment of the present invention, which is specifically described with reference to the drawings, and further includes a monorail crane 7, a rail 8 and a suspension clasp 9, wherein the suspension clasp 9 is arranged on the and-gate type advance hydraulic support group 1, the rail 8 is arranged on the suspension clasp 9, and the monorail crane 7 is arranged on the rail 8.
In the present embodiment, the upper end surface of the loop of the suspension clasp 9 is configured to be coupled with the first top beam 15 and the loop of the suspension clasp 9 is configured to be coupled with the chain 41 in a containing manner, the locking rod cap of the suspension clasp 9 is configured to be coupled with the chain 41 in a through manner and the loop of the suspension clasp 9 is configured to be an omega-shaped rod-shaped body, and the locking rod cap of the suspension clasp 9 is configured to be a hexagon bolt.
Through suspension clasp 9, formed the support tie point to door formula hydraulic support group 1 and connecting chain 4 in advance, by suspension clasp 9, realized being connected with door formula hydraulic support group 1 in advance, realized being connected with connecting chain 4, its technical aim at: the connecting chain 4 is used as a part for connecting the door type advanced hydraulic support group 1.
In the present embodiment, the rail 8 is provided to include a rail portion 81 and a hook portion 82 and an upper end surface portion of the rail portion 81 is provided to be coupled with the hook portion 82, the rail portion 81 is provided to be coupled with the monorail crane 7 and the hook portion 82 is provided to be coupled with the chain 41, the rail portion 81 is provided as an i-beam and the hook portion 82 is provided as a U-shaped rod-like body.
Through track 8, formed the support tie point to connecting chain 4 and single track hang 7, by couple portion 82, realized being connected with connecting chain 4, by track portion 81, realized hanging 7 with the single track and be connected, its technical aim at: for serving as a support carrier for the monorail crane 7.
In this embodiment, a monorail crane 7 is provided in connection with a rail 8.
Through single track hoist 7, formed the support tie point to track 8, hung 7 by single track, realized being connected with track 8, its technical aim at: the hydraulic support is used as a part for carrying the door type advance hydraulic support in the door type advance hydraulic support group 1.
The invention relates to a supporting method for a fully mechanized mining face transportation gateway, which comprises the following steps in a second embodiment of the invention: when the fully mechanized coal mining face transportation crossheading is extended forwards, the supporting telescopic cylinder 5 is in a contraction state, the plate part 61, the vertical rod part 63 and the inclined rod part 64 swing on the inner rod part 62 in the opposite direction, the plate part 61 is separated from the chain 41, the pin shaft between the chain 41 and the second anchoring support 3 is taken out, the lock rod cap of the suspension buckle 9 on the door type advancing hydraulic support in the door type advancing hydraulic support group 1 which is adjacent to the second anchoring support 3 and needs to be transported forwards is separated from the buckle ring of the suspension buckle 9, the chain 41 is separated from the door type advancing hydraulic support in the door type advancing hydraulic support group 1 which needs to be transported forwards, the second anchoring support 3 moves forwards and is installed on the next rear end in the coal mining face, and the chain 41 is connected with the second anchoring support 3 through the pin shaft, the method comprises the steps of enabling a first vertical telescopic cylinder 13, a second vertical telescopic cylinder 14, a first transverse telescopic cylinder 18 and a second transverse telescopic cylinder 19 in a door type advance hydraulic support group 1 needing to be conveyed forwards to be in a contraction state, enabling the door type advance hydraulic support in the door type advance hydraulic support group 1 needing to be conveyed forwards to be in a folding state, installing a track 8 on a first anchoring support 2, a second anchoring support 3 and a chain 41 on the door type advance hydraulic support in the door type advance hydraulic support group 1 needing not to be conveyed forwards, installing a monorail crane 7 on the track 8, conveying the door type advance hydraulic support in the door type advance hydraulic support group 1 needing to be conveyed forwards to the front end in a coal face through the monorail crane 7, installing the gantry type advance hydraulic support at the back of the first anchoring support 2, taking out a pin shaft between the chain 41 and the first anchoring support 2, enabling the first anchoring support 2 to move forwards and installing the gantry type advance hydraulic support at the next front end in the coal face, the method comprises the steps that a first vertical telescopic cylinder 13, a second vertical telescopic cylinder 14, a first transverse telescopic cylinder 18 and a second transverse telescopic cylinder 19 in a door type advance hydraulic support group 1 to be conveyed forwards are made to be in an extension state, the door type advance hydraulic support in the door type advance hydraulic support group 1 to be conveyed forwards is supported on a roadway top plate on a fully mechanized working face transportation crossheading, a chain 41 and the door type advance hydraulic support in the door type advance hydraulic support group 1 to be conveyed forwards are connected through a lock rod cap of a suspension buckle 9 on the door type advance hydraulic support in the door type advance hydraulic support group 1 to be conveyed forwards, the chain 41 and the door type advance hydraulic support in the door type advance hydraulic support group 1 to be conveyed forwards are connected through a pin shaft 41 and a first anchoring support 2, the extension state of a support telescopic cylinder 5 is adjusted, a plate portion 61, a rod portion 63 and an inclined rod portion 64 are made to swing on an inner plate portion 41, a chain portion acts on the chain portion 41, the tensioning degree is adjusted, and the chain is installed on a front loading machine or belt transportation hydraulic support group 10 to be moved forwards.
In a second embodiment of the invention, the technical features of the portal-type advanced hydraulic support group 1 are integrated in such a way as to form a support frame with an opening.
In the present embodiment, a first attachment device is further included and is disposed on the portal advancing hydraulic support group 1, and the first attachment device is configured to include a first anchor support 2, a second anchor support 3, and a connecting chain 4.
In this embodiment, a second attachment device is further included and is arranged on the first attachment device, and the second attachment device is arranged to include a support telescopic cylinder 5 and a lifting device 6.
In this embodiment, a third accessory device is further included and is arranged between the first accessory device and the door type advancing hydraulic support group 1, and the third accessory device is arranged as a suspension clasp 9.
In this embodiment, a fourth accessory device is also included and is arranged on the first accessory device, the fourth accessory device being arranged to include a monorail crane 7 and a rail 8.
A second embodiment of the invention is based on the first embodiment,
the second embodiment of the present invention comprises the steps of: a portal type advanced hydraulic support group 1 is used for forming a support frame with a tunnel in a fully mechanized mining face transportation crossheading.
A second embodiment of the invention is based on the first embodiment.
A supporting device and a method for a fully mechanized mining face transportation crossheading are applied to a roadway with a narrow width and a broken top plate.
The invention has the following characteristics:
1. due to the fact that the portal type advance hydraulic support group 1 is designed, the support frame with the tunnel is formed in the fully mechanized mining face transportation gate way through the portal type advance hydraulic support group 1, and therefore supporting safety performance of the transportation gate way is improved.
2. Owing to designed first anchor support 2, second anchor support 3 and connecting chain 4, realized penetrating through fixed to door formula advance hydraulic support group 1.
3. Due to the design of the supporting telescopic cylinder 5 and the lifting device 6, the tensioning treatment of the chain 41 is realized.
4. Due to the design of the suspension clasp 9, the connection of the chain 41 and the door type advanced hydraulic support group 1 is realized.
5. Due to the design of the monorail crane 7 and the track 8, the door type advance hydraulic support of the door type advance hydraulic support group 1 is conveyed back and forth.
6. Because the structural shape is limited by the numerical range, the numerical range is the technical characteristic of the technical scheme of the invention, and is not the technical characteristic obtained by formula calculation or limited tests, and tests show that the technical characteristic of the numerical range achieves good technical effect.
7. Due to the design of the technical characteristics of the invention, tests show that each performance index of the invention is at least 1.7 times of the existing performance index under the action of the single and mutual combination of the technical characteristics, and the invention has good market value through evaluation.
Other technical features identical or similar to those of the portal type leading hydraulic support group 1 forming the support frame with the tunnel are all one of the embodiments of the present invention, and the technical features of the above embodiments can be arbitrarily combined, and in order to meet the requirements of patent laws, patent implementation rules and examination guidelines, all possible combinations of the technical features of the above embodiments will not be described.
The above embodiment is only one implementation form of the supporting device and the method for the fully mechanized mining face transportation gateway and the application thereof provided by the invention, and other modifications of the scheme provided by the invention, such as increasing or decreasing the components or steps therein, or applying the invention to other technical fields close to the invention, belong to the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (14)

1. The utility model provides a support device that is used for combining to adopt on working face transportation crossheading, characterized by: comprises a gate type advance hydraulic support group (1) acting on a roadway top plate on a fully mechanized coal mining face transportation crossheading,
also comprises a first accessory device which is arranged on the portal type advance hydraulic support group (1), the first accessory device is arranged to comprise a first anchoring support (2), a second anchoring support (3) and a connecting chain (4),
also comprises a second accessory device which is arranged on the first accessory device and comprises a supporting telescopic cylinder (5) and a lifting device (6),
also comprises a third accessory device which is arranged between the first accessory device and the door type advanced hydraulic support group (1), the third accessory device is arranged as a suspension buckle (9),
further comprising a fourth accessory device arranged on the first accessory device, the fourth accessory device being arranged to comprise a monorail crane (7) and a rail (8),
a gate type advance hydraulic support group (1) is respectively arranged between the first anchoring support (2) and the second anchoring support (3), a supporting telescopic cylinder (5) is respectively arranged on the first anchoring support (2) and the second anchoring support (3), a lifting device (6) is arranged on the supporting telescopic cylinder (5),
the portal type advanced hydraulic support of the portal type advanced hydraulic support group (1) comprises a first base (11), a second base (12), a first vertical telescopic cylinder (13), a second vertical telescopic cylinder (14), a first top beam (15), a first telescopic beam (16), a second telescopic beam (17), a first transverse telescopic cylinder (18) and a second transverse telescopic cylinder (19), one port of the first top beam (15) is connected with the first telescopic beam (16) in a sliding mode, one end of the first transverse telescopic cylinder (18) is connected with the first top beam (15) through a pin shaft, the other end of the first transverse telescopic cylinder (18) is connected with the first telescopic beam (16) through a pin shaft, one end of the first vertical telescopic cylinder (13) is connected with the first telescopic beam (16) through a pin shaft, the other end of the first vertical telescopic cylinder (13) is connected with the first base (11) through a pin shaft, one port of the first vertical telescopic cylinder (15) is connected with the second telescopic beam (17) through a pin shaft, the other end of the first vertical telescopic cylinder (17) is connected with the second telescopic beam (17), the other end of the second telescopic cylinder (17) is connected with the second telescopic cylinder (17) through a pin shaft, one end of the second telescopic cylinder (17) is connected with the first telescopic cylinder (15), and the second telescopic cylinder (17) through a pin shaft And the other end of the second vertical telescopic cylinder (14) is connected with the second base (12) through a pin shaft, the lower end surface of the first top beam (15) is connected with the connecting chain (4), the first top beam (15), the first telescopic beam (16) and the second telescopic beam (17) are respectively connected with a roadway roof on a fully mechanized mining face transportation crossheading in a contact manner, the first base (11) and the second base (12) are respectively arranged into a ship-shaped seat body, the first vertical telescopic cylinder (13), the second vertical telescopic cylinder (14), the first transverse telescopic cylinder (18) and the second transverse telescopic cylinder (19) are arranged into two-section telescopic cylinders, the hydraulic port part of the first vertical telescopic cylinder (13), the hydraulic port part of the second vertical telescopic cylinder (14), the hydraulic port part of the first transverse telescopic cylinder (18) and the hydraulic port part of the second transverse telescopic cylinder (19) are respectively connected with a hydraulic device, and the first telescopic beam (15), the first telescopic beam (16) and the second telescopic beam (17) are respectively arranged into a rectangular telescopic beam.
2. The support device for the fully mechanized mining face haulage gateway of claim 1, wherein: the technical characteristics of the portal type advanced hydraulic support group (1) are integrated according to the mode of forming a support frame with an opening.
3. The support device for the fully mechanized mining face transportation gateway of claim 1, wherein: the distance between two adjacent door type advancing hydraulic supports in the door type advancing hydraulic support group (1) is set to be 580-620mm.
4. The support device for the fully mechanized mining face transportation gateway of claim 1, wherein: the first anchoring support (2) and the second anchoring support (3) are respectively provided with a second top beam (21), a third base (22), a first connecting rod (23), a second connecting rod (24), a shield beam (25), a top beam telescopic cylinder (26) and a shield beam telescopic cylinder (27), the rear end face part of the second top beam (21) is respectively provided with one end of the shield beam (25) and one end of the shield beam telescopic cylinder (27) which are connected through a pin shaft, the rear part of the lower end face of the second top beam (21) is provided with one end of the top beam telescopic cylinder (26) which is connected through a pin shaft and the middle part of the upper end face of the third base (22), the other end of the shield beam telescopic cylinder (27) is provided with the middle part of the inner side face of the shield beam (25) which is connected through a pin shaft and the middle part of the inner side face of the shield beam (25) and the other end of the shield beam (25) which is provided with the middle part of the second connecting rod (24) which is connected through a pin shaft and the front end face of the second base (22) which is connected through a pin shaft and the front end face of the second connecting rod (22) which is connected through a pin shaft and the second connecting rod (23), the front end face part of the second connecting rod (22) which is provided with the middle part of the front end face of the second connecting rod (22) which is connected through a pin shaft and the middle part of the front end face of the second connecting rod (22) which is connected through a pin shaft and the front end face of the second connecting rod (22) which is connected through a pin shaft, the supporting telescopic cylinder (5) is connected with the lifting device (6), the second top beam (21) is arranged to be a rectangular box-shaped body, the third base (22) is arranged to be a boat-shaped base body, the first connecting rod (23) and the second connecting rod (24) are respectively arranged to be rectangular strip-shaped bodies, the shield beam (25) is arranged to be a P-shaped box-shaped body, the top beam telescopic cylinder (26) and the shield beam telescopic cylinder (27) are respectively arranged to be two-section telescopic cylinders, a hydraulic port of the top beam telescopic cylinder (26) and a hydraulic port of the shield beam telescopic cylinder (27) are respectively arranged to be connected with a hydraulic device, the first anchoring support (2) is arranged at the front end of the coal face, and the second anchoring support (3) is arranged at the rear end of the coal face.
5. The support device for the fully mechanized mining face haulage gateway of claim 1, wherein: the connecting chain (4) is arranged to comprise a chain (41), a first ear plate (42) and a second ear plate (43), the rear end face part of the first ear plate (42) is arranged to be connected with the first anchoring bracket (2), the rear end face part of the second ear plate (43) is arranged to be connected with the second anchoring bracket (3) and the chain (41) is arranged on the lifting device (6),
the front end face part of the first ear plate (42) and the front end face part of the second ear plate (43) are respectively provided with a through hole body, the through hole body of the first ear plate (42) and the through hole body of the second ear plate (43) are respectively connected with the chain (41) through a pin shaft, the chain (41) is set as a traction chain, and the first ear plate (42) and the second ear plate (43) are respectively set as trapezoidal sheet bodies.
6. The support device for the fully mechanized mining face transportation gateway of claim 1, wherein: the supporting telescopic cylinder (5) is set to be a two-section telescopic cylinder, the hydraulic port parts of the supporting telescopic cylinder (5) are respectively set to be connected with a hydraulic device, one end of the supporting telescopic cylinder (5) is set to be connected with the lifting device (6) through a pin shaft, and the other end of the supporting telescopic cylinder (5) is respectively set to be connected with the first anchoring support (2) and the second anchoring support (3) through a pin shaft.
7. The support device for the fully mechanized mining face transportation gateway of claim 1, wherein: the lifting device (6) is arranged to comprise a plate portion (61), an inner rod portion (62), a vertical rod portion (63) and an inclined rod portion (64), the inner end of the inner rod portion (62) is respectively connected with a first anchoring support (2) and a second anchoring support (3), the plate portion (61) is connected with a connecting chain (4), the outer end of the inner rod portion (62) is connected with the end portion of the inner side face of the plate portion (61) through a pin shaft, the outer end of the lower end of the inner rod portion (62) is connected with the end portion of the lower end of the inner rod portion (62) through a pin shaft, the outer end of the lower end of the inner rod portion (62) is connected with the end portion of the upper end of the vertical rod portion (63) through a pin shaft, the lower end of the vertical rod portion (63) is connected with one end of the inclined rod portion (64) and a supporting telescopic cylinder (5), the other end of the inclined rod portion (64) is connected with the end portion of the lower end of the plate portion (61), one inner rod portion (62), one vertical rod portion (63) and one inclined rod portion (64) are arranged to form a variable amplitude rod portion device, one variable amplitude rod portion (64) and two variable amplitude rod devices are arranged between the plate portion (61) and the first anchoring support bracket (2), wherein the other two groups of amplitude transformer devices are respectively arranged between the plate part (61) and the second anchoring bracket (3), the plate part (61) is a rectangular sheet-shaped body, and the inner rod part (62), the vertical rod part (63) and the inclined rod part (64) are respectively rectangular strip-shaped bodies.
8. The support device for the fully mechanized mining face haulage gate of any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein: the portal type advanced hydraulic support group (1) and the first anchoring support (2), the second anchoring support (3) and the connecting chains (4) are arranged to be distributed in a mode of end fixing, the portal type advanced hydraulic support group (1), the first anchoring support (2), the second anchoring support (3) and the connecting chains (4) and the supporting telescopic cylinders (5) and the lifting devices (6) are arranged to be distributed in a mode of end amplitude, the two supporting telescopic cylinders (5) and the lifting devices (6) are arranged to form a group of end amplitude-variable components, one group of end amplitude-variable components are arranged on the first anchoring support (2), the other group of end amplitude-variable components are arranged on the second anchoring support (3), at least three connecting chains (4) are arranged on the portal type advanced hydraulic support group (1), and the inner rod part (62), the first lug plate (42) and the second lug plate (43) are respectively arranged to be connected with the second top beam (21).
9. The support device for the fully mechanized mining face transportation gateway of claim 8, wherein: suspension clasp (9) set up to with gate-type advanced hydraulic support group (1) on, track (8) set up on suspension clasp (9) and single track hangs (7) and sets up on track (8).
10. The support device for the fully mechanized mining face transportation gateway of claim 8, wherein: the end face of the upper end of the buckle ring of the suspension buckle (9) is connected with the first top beam (15), the buckle ring of the suspension buckle (9) is connected with the chain (41) in a containing mode, the lock rod cap of the suspension buckle (9) is connected with the chain (41) in a penetrating mode, the buckle ring of the suspension buckle (9) is arranged to be an omega-shaped rod body, and the lock rod cap of the suspension buckle (9) is arranged to be a hexagon bolt.
11. The support device for the fully mechanized mining face transportation gateway of claim 8, wherein: the rail (8) is provided with a rail portion (81) and a hook portion (82), the upper end surface portion of the rail portion (81) is provided to be connected with the hook portion (82), the rail portion (81) is provided to be connected with the monorail crane (7) and the hook portion (82) is provided to be connected with the chain (41), and the rail portion (81) is provided to be an I-beam and the hook portion (82) is provided to be a U-shaped rod-shaped body.
12. The support device for the fully mechanized mining face haulage gateway of claim 8, wherein: the monorail crane (7) is arranged to be connected with the rail (8).
13. A supporting method for a fully mechanized coal mining face transportation crossheading is characterized by comprising the following steps: the method comprises the following steps: the portal type advanced hydraulic support group (1) is used for forming a support frame with a tunnel in a fully mechanized mining face transportation crossheading,
the method comprises the following specific steps: a first anchoring support (2) is placed in the front end of a coal face, a second anchoring support (3) is placed in the rear end of the coal face, a top beam telescopic cylinder (26) is in an extension state, a first connecting rod (23) and a second connecting rod (24) rotate on a third base (22), a shield beam (25) rotates on a second top beam (21), the second top beam (21) is lifted, the second top beam (21) acts on a roadway roof on a fully mechanized working face transportation gateway, the front-back distance of the second top beam (21) on the roadway roof on the fully mechanized working face transportation gateway is adjusted by adjusting the extension state of the shield beam telescopic cylinder (27), the gate-type advanced hydraulic support group (1) is placed between a first anchoring support (2) and a second anchoring support (3), the distance between two adjacent gate-type advanced hydraulic supports in the gate-type advanced hydraulic support group (1) is kept at 580-620mm, a first transverse telescopic cylinder (18) and a second transverse telescopic cylinder (19) are respectively in an extension state, a first telescopic beam (16) and a second telescopic beam (17) extend out of a first top beam (15), a first base (11) and a second base (12) are driven to move outwards, the first base (11) and the second base (12) are respectively installed on the side face of a fully mechanized mining face roadway, and a first vertical telescopic cylinder (13) is enabled to be arranged, the second vertical telescopic cylinder (14) is in an extension state respectively, the first top beam (15) is driven, the first telescopic beam (16) and the second telescopic beam (17) are driven to rise, the first top beam (15), the first telescopic beam (16) and the second telescopic beam (17) are acted on a roadway roof on a fully mechanized mining face transportation crossheading, the chain (41) is connected with the first top beam (15), the first lug plate (42) is connected with the second top beam (21) of the second anchoring support (3), the second lug plate (43) is connected with the second top beam (21) of the first anchoring support (2), the end of the chain (41) is respectively connected with the first lug plate (42) and the second lug plate (43) through a pin shaft, the extension state of the supporting telescopic cylinder (5) is adjusted, the plate portion (61), the vertical rod portion (63) and the inclined rod portion (64) swing on the rod portion (61), the plate portion (41) is acted on the chain adjusting bracket (41), the hydraulic conveyor belt (10) or a conveyor belt group with the tensioning degree.
14. The method for supporting on the fully mechanized mining face haulage gateway of claim 13, wherein: the method comprises the following steps: when the fully mechanized mining face transportation gateway is extended forwards, the supporting telescopic cylinder (5) is in a contraction state, the plate part (61), the vertical rod part (63) and the inclined rod part (64) swing on the inner rod part (62) in opposite directions, the plate part (61) is separated from the chain (41), a pin shaft between the chain (41) and the second anchoring support (3) is taken out, a lock rod cap of a hanging buckle (9) on a door type leading hydraulic support in a door type leading hydraulic support group (1) which is adjacent to the second anchoring support (3) and needs to be transported forwards is separated from a buckling ring of the hanging buckle (9), and the chain (41) is separated from the door type leading hydraulic support in the door type leading hydraulic support group (1) which needs to be transported forwards, the second anchoring support (3) is enabled to move forwards and installed at the next rear end of the coal face, a chain (41) is connected with the second anchoring support (3) through a pin shaft, a first vertical telescopic cylinder (13), a second vertical telescopic cylinder (14), a first transverse telescopic cylinder (18) and a second transverse telescopic cylinder (19) in a gate type advanced hydraulic support group (1) needing to be conveyed forwards are enabled to be in a contraction state, a gate type advanced hydraulic support in the gate type advanced hydraulic support group (1) needing to be conveyed forwards is enabled to be in a furled state, a track (8) is installed on a first anchoring support (2), a second anchoring support (3) and a gate type advanced hydraulic support group (3) (without being conveyed forwards) 1), a monorail crane (7) is installed on a track (8), a door type leading hydraulic support in a door type leading hydraulic support group (1) needing to be conveyed forwards is conveyed to the front end of a coal mining working face through the monorail crane (7), the gantry type leading hydraulic support is installed behind a first anchoring support (2), a pin shaft between the chain (41) and the first anchoring support (2) is taken out, the first anchoring support (2) moves forwards and is installed on the next front end of the coal mining working face, a first vertical telescopic cylinder (13), a second vertical telescopic cylinder (14), a first transverse telescopic cylinder (18) and a second transverse telescopic cylinder (19) in the door type leading hydraulic support group (1) needing to be conveyed forwards are made to be in an extension state, the door type leading hydraulic support in the door type leading hydraulic support group (1) needing to be conveyed forwards is made to be in an extension state, a hydraulic support in the door type leading hydraulic support group (1) needing to be conveyed forwards is made to be in the extension state, a hydraulic support group (1) in the hydraulic support group (1) needing to be conveyed forwards is connected with a conveying head plate of the door type leading hydraulic support group through a head plate (9) on a hydraulic support group, and a head plate (9) on a conveying roadway, and a head plate (9) needing to be connected with a head plate of the door type leading hydraulic support group, and a head plate (9) on a head plate of the advancing hydraulic support group needing to be conveyed, the advancing hydraulic support group, the advancing hydraulic support, and a head plate (1) needing to be conveyed forwards, the extension state of the telescopic supporting cylinder (5) is adjusted, so that the plate part (61), the vertical rod part (63) and the inclined rod part (64) swing on the inner rod part (62), the plate part (61) acts on the chain (41), the tension degree of the chain (41) is adjusted, and then the reversed loader or the belt conveyor (10) is forwardly displaced and installed in the door type advance hydraulic support group (1).
CN202011069934.2A 2020-10-09 2020-10-09 Supporting device and method for fully mechanized coal mining face transportation crossheading and application of supporting device and method Active CN112282803B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011069934.2A CN112282803B (en) 2020-10-09 2020-10-09 Supporting device and method for fully mechanized coal mining face transportation crossheading and application of supporting device and method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011069934.2A CN112282803B (en) 2020-10-09 2020-10-09 Supporting device and method for fully mechanized coal mining face transportation crossheading and application of supporting device and method

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112282803A CN112282803A (en) 2021-01-29
CN112282803B true CN112282803B (en) 2022-11-22

Family

ID=74422889

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011069934.2A Active CN112282803B (en) 2020-10-09 2020-10-09 Supporting device and method for fully mechanized coal mining face transportation crossheading and application of supporting device and method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112282803B (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112922648B (en) * 2021-04-07 2021-11-09 中国矿业大学 Rail mounted hydraulic pressure sectional shelf-unit
CN113107566B (en) * 2021-04-15 2023-03-21 华能煤炭技术研究有限公司 Unit type hydraulic support and supporting system

Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000179286A (en) * 1998-12-11 2000-06-27 Makoto Uemura Open shield machine
CN101025088A (en) * 2006-02-22 2007-08-29 沈阳天安矿山机械科技有限公司 Novel self-moving type lame advanced supporting rack
CN101063409A (en) * 2006-04-29 2007-10-31 王振孝 Combined suspension moving hydraulic support with universal upper bracket and lower hanging beam
CN102207003A (en) * 2010-03-31 2011-10-05 三一重型装备有限公司 Advance support bracket set special for conveyor gateway on fully-mechanized coal mining working surface
CN102383818A (en) * 2011-11-22 2012-03-21 北京诚田恒业煤矿设备有限公司 Folding type suspended mobile hydraulic support equipment
CN102748055A (en) * 2012-07-18 2012-10-24 沈阳天安矿山机械科技有限公司 Circulation advancing type forepoling support
CN103233761A (en) * 2013-05-06 2013-08-07 辽宁天安矿山科技有限公司 Reversed loader moving-assisted large-cycle tunnel advance support bracket
CN103410540A (en) * 2013-07-27 2013-11-27 大同市恒熙科技有限公司 Loader for hydraulic supports of fully-mechanized coal mining faces of coal mines
CN103452574A (en) * 2013-09-12 2013-12-18 沈阳天安矿山机械科技有限公司 Auxiliary bracket moving device of circular self-moving advance support
CN203717005U (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-07-16 平煤神马机械装备集团河南矿机有限公司 Cyclically moving advanced supporting hydraulic bracket for two roadways of fully mechanized coal mining face
CN203796302U (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-08-27 沈阳天安矿山机械股份有限公司 Circulation self-moving type forepoling auxiliary rack moving device
CN106869982A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-06-20 中国矿业大学 A kind of mobile device for underground heavy type support
CN208456649U (en) * 2018-07-05 2019-02-01 北京诚田恒业煤矿设备有限公司 A kind of lame advanced supporting disassembly system
CN111396105A (en) * 2020-05-27 2020-07-10 天地科技股份有限公司 Self-moving type advance support device for coal face haulage roadway

Patent Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000179286A (en) * 1998-12-11 2000-06-27 Makoto Uemura Open shield machine
CN101025088A (en) * 2006-02-22 2007-08-29 沈阳天安矿山机械科技有限公司 Novel self-moving type lame advanced supporting rack
CN101063409A (en) * 2006-04-29 2007-10-31 王振孝 Combined suspension moving hydraulic support with universal upper bracket and lower hanging beam
CN102207003A (en) * 2010-03-31 2011-10-05 三一重型装备有限公司 Advance support bracket set special for conveyor gateway on fully-mechanized coal mining working surface
CN102383818A (en) * 2011-11-22 2012-03-21 北京诚田恒业煤矿设备有限公司 Folding type suspended mobile hydraulic support equipment
CN102748055A (en) * 2012-07-18 2012-10-24 沈阳天安矿山机械科技有限公司 Circulation advancing type forepoling support
CN103233761A (en) * 2013-05-06 2013-08-07 辽宁天安矿山科技有限公司 Reversed loader moving-assisted large-cycle tunnel advance support bracket
CN103410540A (en) * 2013-07-27 2013-11-27 大同市恒熙科技有限公司 Loader for hydraulic supports of fully-mechanized coal mining faces of coal mines
CN103452574A (en) * 2013-09-12 2013-12-18 沈阳天安矿山机械科技有限公司 Auxiliary bracket moving device of circular self-moving advance support
CN203796302U (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-08-27 沈阳天安矿山机械股份有限公司 Circulation self-moving type forepoling auxiliary rack moving device
CN203717005U (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-07-16 平煤神马机械装备集团河南矿机有限公司 Cyclically moving advanced supporting hydraulic bracket for two roadways of fully mechanized coal mining face
CN106869982A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-06-20 中国矿业大学 A kind of mobile device for underground heavy type support
CN208456649U (en) * 2018-07-05 2019-02-01 北京诚田恒业煤矿设备有限公司 A kind of lame advanced supporting disassembly system
CN111396105A (en) * 2020-05-27 2020-07-10 天地科技股份有限公司 Self-moving type advance support device for coal face haulage roadway

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN112282803A (en) 2021-01-29

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN112282803B (en) Supporting device and method for fully mechanized coal mining face transportation crossheading and application of supporting device and method
CA2708135C (en) Conveyor belt support apparatus having sequentially extendable frame segments
US8414245B2 (en) Container transfer system for uploading and downloading mating container relative to a transport vehicle
CN110725695A (en) Belt conveying system and tunneling equipment with same
AU2022381877A1 (en) Tunnelling system
CN105292151B (en) One kind moves changing train
CN218506902U (en) Tail end frame of heading face self-moving tail
CN113931634A (en) Comprehensive tunneling robot system for roadway
AU2011274296B2 (en) Improvements relating to belt conveyors
CN211168576U (en) Quick-displacement buried belt conveyor
US6308819B1 (en) Advancing tailpiece
CN215057336U (en) Transport mechanism for drill loader and drill loader
CN206447183U (en) A kind of Coal Transportation device
CN211109746U (en) Belt conveyer
CN111502717B (en) Advanced support device and method for roadway and application of advanced support device
CN220316651U (en) Mine car coal turning device
CN217558378U (en) Intelligent self-moving device for two running loads of fully-mechanized excavating machine
CN220115438U (en) Tunneling crossheading belt conveyor is with flexible fuselage
CN216198183U (en) Advanced reinforcement support bracket
CN220411973U (en) Safe sealing device for unloading section of reversed loader
CN217295976U (en) Hydraulic drive suspends in midair from moving formula scraper conveyor
CN211894728U (en) Continuous mining and continuous transporting cooperative conveying multi-joint transfer system
CN214086229U (en) Ore transportation system
CN214058900U (en) Conveying and arranging machine
CN111119987B (en) Operating platform for mounting and dismounting transmission part of fully mechanized coal mining face reversed loader

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant