CN112252764A - Earthquake-resistant reinforcing method for energy-saving reconstruction of existing building structure - Google Patents

Earthquake-resistant reinforcing method for energy-saving reconstruction of existing building structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112252764A
CN112252764A CN202011256701.3A CN202011256701A CN112252764A CN 112252764 A CN112252764 A CN 112252764A CN 202011256701 A CN202011256701 A CN 202011256701A CN 112252764 A CN112252764 A CN 112252764A
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wall body
earthquake
energy
existing building
building structure
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CN112252764B (en
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张波
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Shaanxi University of Technology
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Shaanxi University of Technology
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G23/00Working measures on existing buildings
    • E04G23/02Repairing, e.g. filling cracks; Restoring; Altering; Enlarging
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, groups of buildings or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake or extreme climate
    • E04H9/02Buildings, groups of buildings or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake or extreme climate withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground
    • E04H9/027Preventive constructional measures against earthquake damage in existing buildings

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Business, Economics & Management (AREA)
  • Emergency Management (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Electrochemistry (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Working Measures On Existing Buildindgs (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an earthquake-proof reinforcing method for energy-saving reconstruction of an existing building structure, which realizes earthquake-proof reinforcement through the following reinforcing structure and comprises frame bodies arranged on two sides of a building wall body and vertical plates arranged on the outer sides of the frame bodies, wherein the upper ends of the vertical plates are provided with top plates, the middle parts of the top plates are in threaded connection with pipe bodies, the lower ends of the pipe bodies are inserted into the building wall body, two sides of each top plate are respectively provided with more than one positioning opening, positioning blocks are respectively arranged in the positioning openings, screw rods are respectively arranged at positions right opposite to through holes on the top surfaces of the frame bodies, the screw rods are erected on the positioning blocks through nuts, metal nets are arranged in the frame. According to the invention, the weight of the wall body can be shared through the pipe body, the top plate, the vertical plate and the base, the wall body can be supported, the settlement degree is greatly reduced, the wall body can be straightened through the inward-pressed frame body, the inclination rate is reduced, bricks or large concrete blocks in the wall body can be effectively prevented from falling through the metal mesh, and the safety is improved.

Description

Earthquake-resistant reinforcing method for energy-saving reconstruction of existing building structure
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of buildings, in particular to an earthquake-resistant reinforcing method for energy-saving reconstruction of an existing building structure.
Background
With the rapid development of national economy, the construction industry reaches an unprecedented development golden period. In the long-time use process, the phenomena of overlarge deflection, cracks and the like occur in structures such as walls of buildings due to insufficient concrete strength, increased load, settlement and the like, so that the use safety and the durability of the structures are influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide an earthquake-resistant reinforcing method for energy-saving modification of an existing building structure so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme: an energy-saving reconstruction earthquake-proof reinforcing method for an existing building structure comprises frame bodies arranged on two sides of a building wall body and vertical plates arranged on the outer sides of the frame bodies, top plates are arranged at the upper ends of the vertical plates, first screw holes are formed in the middles of the top plates, pipe bodies are connected in the first screw holes in a threaded mode, the lower ends of the pipe bodies are arranged in a conical structure, the lower ends of the pipe bodies are inserted into the building wall body, more than one discharge hole is formed in the outer wall surface of each pipe body, more than one positioning hole is formed in each side, located on the first screw hole, of each top plate, positioning blocks are arranged in each positioning hole, through holes are vertically formed in each positioning block, screw rods are arranged on the top surfaces of the frame bodies opposite to the through holes, the upper ends of the screw rods penetrate through the through holes and are erected on the positioning blocks through nuts, a metal net is arranged inside the frame bodies, more than one extrusion mechanism for compressing the metal net is arranged on the vertical plate.
As preferred technical scheme, extrusion mechanism all includes screw rod and hand wheel, and the riser is just all equipped with the second screw hole to horizontal pole department, and in the equal threaded connection of screw rod and the second screw hole, screw rod one end all supported with the outer wall of horizontal pole, and the hand wheel is all installed on the other end of screw rod.
As the preferred technical scheme, both sides of the positioning block are outwards protruded to form triangular parts, both sides of the positioning opening are inwards sunken to form triangular grooves, and one ends of the triangular parts are slidably mounted in the triangular grooves.
As preferred technical scheme, the riser lower extreme all bends and forms a base.
As preferred technical scheme, flange is installed to the body upper end, and the body is located and installs the filling tube on the external side, and the filling tube is "L" type structure setting.
As an optimal technical scheme, during reinforcement, the hand wheel is rotated firstly, the rotation of the hand wheel drives the screw rod to move inwards along the second screw hole, the cross rod is extruded until the metal net and the frame body are abutted to two sides of the wall body, and therefore straightening operation of the wall body is achieved.
As an optimized technical scheme, when the pipe body is inserted, firstly, a hole is drilled in the wall body through a drilling machine, then the pipe body is inserted into the wall body in a threaded rotating mode, after the completion, concrete is poured into the pipe body along a feeding pipe, the entering concrete flows out along a discharging hole and enters the wall body, and after the concrete is solidified, the pipe body and the wall body can be integrally connected
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the wall body is simple in structure, the pipe body is inserted into a building wall body, concrete is injected into the pipe body and the wall body to be connected into a whole, the weight of the wall body can be shared through the pipe body, the top plate, the vertical plate and the base, the wall body can also be supported, the settlement degree is greatly reduced, the wall body can be pressed to be straight through the inward pressing frame body, the inclination rate is reduced, bricks or large-scale concrete blocks in the wall body can be effectively prevented from falling through the metal net, and the safety is improved.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a frame body in the present invention.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the accompanying drawings are illustrative only for the purpose of explaining the present invention, and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise explicitly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "disposed" are to be construed broadly and can, for example, be fixedly connected, disposed, detachably connected, disposed, or integrally connected and disposed. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
As shown in figures 1 and 2, the earthquake-proof reinforcing method for energy-saving reconstruction of the existing building structure comprises frame bodies 3 arranged at two sides of a building wall body 2 and vertical plates 12 arranged at the outer sides of the frame bodies 3, wherein the upper ends of the vertical plates 12 are provided with top plates 9, the middle parts of the top plates 9 are provided with first screw holes, pipe bodies 9 are connected in the first screw holes in a threaded manner, the lower ends of the pipe bodies 8 are arranged in a conical structure, the lower ends of the pipe bodies 8 are inserted into the building wall body 2, the outer wall surfaces of the pipe bodies 8 are provided with more than one discharge hole 1, more than one positioning holes 11 are respectively arranged at two sides of the top plates 8 positioned in the first screw holes, positioning blocks 10 are respectively arranged in the positioning holes 11, through holes are respectively vertically arranged on the positioning blocks 10, screw rods 5 are respectively arranged at positions, which are right opposite to the through holes, the upper ends of the screw rods 5 are, the frame body 3 is internally provided with a metal net 17, the outer side surface of the metal net 17 is provided with more than one cross rod 16, the two ends of the cross rod 16 are both arranged on the inner wall surface of the frame body 3, and the vertical plate 12 is provided with more than one extrusion mechanism for compressing the metal net.
In this embodiment, the extrusion mechanism all includes screw rod 13 and hand wheel 14, and riser 12 is just all equipped with the second screw hole to horizontal pole 16 department, screw rod 13 all in threaded connection and the second screw hole, screw rod 13 one end all offsets with the outer wall of horizontal pole 16, and hand wheel 14 all installs on the other end of screw rod 13.
In this embodiment, both sides face of locating piece 10 all outwards protrudes and forms the triangle-shaped portion, all inwards caves in on the both sides face of location mouth 11 and forms the triangular groove, and equal slidable mounting in the triangular groove of triangle-shaped portion one end can drive the locating piece when the framework is removing, can effectually fix a position the framework through the locating piece, has avoided dropping or the slope of framework.
In this embodiment, the lower end of the vertical plate 12 is bent to form a base 15, so that the contact area between the bottom of the vertical plate and the ground is increased, and the supporting effect is increased.
In this embodiment, flange 7 is installed to 8 upper ends of body, and body 8 is located and installs filling tube 6 on the external side, and filling tube 6 is "L" type structure setting, enables the body through flange and can connect by the motor, and it is inside to insert the wall body through the quick with the body of motor.
When this concrete implementation is consolidated, rotatory hand wheel earlier, the rotation of hand wheel has driven the screw rod, makes the screw rod along the inside removal of second screw hole to extrude the horizontal pole, support the both sides at the wall body with metal mesh and framework, effectual straightening with the wall body as far as possible, and can effectually block the fragment of brick in the wall body or large-scale concrete piece through the metal mesh and drop, increase the security.
Then carry out the plug-in operation of body, at first drill on the wall body through the drilling machine, insert the wall body with the mode of screw thread rotation inside again, accomplish the back, pour the concrete toward the body is inside along the inlet pipe, the concrete of entering can flow along the discharge opening to inside entering the wall body, after the concrete sets, the body will be even as an organic whole with the wall body, consequently can effectual sharing wall body's weight through body, roof, riser and base, has reduced the degree of subsiding of wall body.
The above description is only an embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any changes or substitutions that are not thought of through the inventive work should be included in the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope defined by the claims.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides an antidetonation reinforcement method of carrying out energy-conserving transformation to existing building structure which characterized in that: the anti-seismic reinforcement is realized through the following reinforcement structure, the anti-seismic reinforcement comprises frame bodies (3) arranged on two sides of a building wall body (2) and vertical plates (12) arranged on the outer sides of the frame bodies (3), top plates (9) are installed at the upper ends of the vertical plates (12), more than one discharge hole (1) is arranged in the middle of each top plate (9), a pipe body (9) is in threaded connection in each first screw hole, the lower end of each pipe body (8) is arranged in a conical structure, the lower end of each pipe body (8) is inserted into the building wall body (2), more than one positioning hole (11) is formed in each outer wall surface of each pipe body (8), more than one positioning hole (11) is formed in each side, located in each first screw hole, of each top plate (8), a positioning block (10) is arranged in each positioning hole (11), through holes are vertically formed in each positioning block (10), screw rods (5), the positioning block (10) is erected on the positioning block through the nut (4), the metal net (17) is installed inside the frame body (3), more than one transverse rod (16) is installed on the outer side face of the metal net (17), the two ends of each transverse rod (16) are installed on the inner wall face of the frame body (3), and more than one extrusion mechanism used for compressing the metal net is installed on the vertical plate (12).
2. An earthquake-resistant strengthening method for energy-saving modification of an existing building structure according to claim 1, wherein: the extrusion mechanism comprises a screw rod (13) and a hand wheel (14), a vertical plate (12) is arranged right opposite to a cross rod (16) and is provided with a second screw hole, the screw rod (13) is in threaded connection with the second screw hole, one end of the screw rod (13) is abutted to the outer wall surface of the cross rod (16), and the hand wheel (14) is arranged at the other end of the screw rod (13).
3. An earthquake-resistant strengthening method for energy-saving modification of an existing building structure according to claim 1, wherein: two side surfaces of the positioning block (10) are outwards protruded to form triangular parts, two side surfaces of the positioning opening (11) are inwards sunken to form triangular grooves, and one ends of the triangular parts are slidably mounted in the triangular grooves.
4. An earthquake-resistant strengthening method for energy-saving modification of an existing building structure according to claim 1, wherein: the lower ends of the vertical plates (12) are bent to form a base (15).
5. An earthquake-resistant strengthening method for energy-saving modification of an existing building structure according to claim 1, wherein: connecting flange (7) are installed to body (8) upper end, and body (8) are located and install filling tube (6) on the external side, and filling tube (6) are "L" type structure setting.
6. An earthquake-resistant strengthening method for energy-saving modification of an existing building structure according to claim 1, wherein: during reinforcement, the hand wheel is rotated firstly, the screw rod is driven by rotation of the hand wheel, the screw rod is enabled to move inwards along the second screw hole, the cross rod is extruded until the metal net and the frame body are abutted to two sides of the wall body, and therefore straightening operation of the wall body is achieved.
7. An earthquake-resistant strengthening method for energy-saving modification of an existing building structure according to claim 1, wherein: when carrying out the plug-in operation of body, at first drill on the wall body through the drilling machine, insert the wall body with the mode of screw thread rotation inside again, accomplish the back, pour the concrete toward the body is inside along the inlet pipe, and the concrete that gets into flows along the discharge opening to inside getting into the wall body, after the concrete solidification, can realize that the body is connected with the integration of wall body.
CN202011256701.3A 2020-11-11 2020-11-11 Earthquake-resistant reinforcing method for energy-saving reconstruction of existing building structure Active CN112252764B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE20104518U1 (en) * 2001-02-20 2001-06-28 Motiee Tehrani Mehran Pliers system for existing houses against earthquakes
CN106968449A (en) * 2017-03-02 2017-07-21 泛联尼塔生态环境建设股份有限公司 A kind of rehabilitating historic building support frame
CN108277998A (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-07-13 四川森宇建筑工程有限公司 A kind of concrete strengthening wall body structure
CN208830758U (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-05-07 曾福英 A kind of ancient building bracing means
CN110173127A (en) * 2019-06-04 2019-08-27 无锡市建筑设计研究院有限责任公司 The ruggedized construction and its construction technology of parts of shear wall structure wall body concrete replacement
CN209620669U (en) * 2019-01-23 2019-11-12 中建城开环境建设有限公司 A kind of municipal administration wall reinforcement structure
CN110725562A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-01-24 杭州市建筑设计研究院有限公司 Floor separation reinforcing method suitable for reinforcing large-load data room
CN210976688U (en) * 2019-08-05 2020-07-10 张波 Reinforced supporting structure for constructional engineering
CN111779311A (en) * 2020-07-29 2020-10-16 中钢集团马鞍山矿山研究总院股份有限公司 Frame reinforced structure for building engineering

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE20104518U1 (en) * 2001-02-20 2001-06-28 Motiee Tehrani Mehran Pliers system for existing houses against earthquakes
CN106968449A (en) * 2017-03-02 2017-07-21 泛联尼塔生态环境建设股份有限公司 A kind of rehabilitating historic building support frame
CN108277998A (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-07-13 四川森宇建筑工程有限公司 A kind of concrete strengthening wall body structure
CN208830758U (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-05-07 曾福英 A kind of ancient building bracing means
CN209620669U (en) * 2019-01-23 2019-11-12 中建城开环境建设有限公司 A kind of municipal administration wall reinforcement structure
CN110173127A (en) * 2019-06-04 2019-08-27 无锡市建筑设计研究院有限责任公司 The ruggedized construction and its construction technology of parts of shear wall structure wall body concrete replacement
CN210976688U (en) * 2019-08-05 2020-07-10 张波 Reinforced supporting structure for constructional engineering
CN110725562A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-01-24 杭州市建筑设计研究院有限公司 Floor separation reinforcing method suitable for reinforcing large-load data room
CN111779311A (en) * 2020-07-29 2020-10-16 中钢集团马鞍山矿山研究总院股份有限公司 Frame reinforced structure for building engineering

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