CN112227397A - Caisson built-up plate - Google Patents

Caisson built-up plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112227397A
CN112227397A CN202011078936.8A CN202011078936A CN112227397A CN 112227397 A CN112227397 A CN 112227397A CN 202011078936 A CN202011078936 A CN 202011078936A CN 112227397 A CN112227397 A CN 112227397A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
transverse
longitudinal
steel
plate
caisson
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CN202011078936.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨胜杰
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杨胜杰
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Application filed by 杨胜杰 filed Critical 杨胜杰
Priority to CN202011078936.8A priority Critical patent/CN112227397A/en
Publication of CN112227397A publication Critical patent/CN112227397A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D23/00Caissons; Construction or placing of caissons
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G9/00Forming or shuttering elements for general use
    • E04G9/02Forming boards or similar elements

Abstract

The invention relates to a caisson combination template, which has the technical scheme that the caisson combination template comprises a plate surface and a supporting framework; the board surface comprises a plurality of sub-board bodies which are detachably connected; the supporting framework comprises a plurality of transverse trusses and a plurality of longitudinal trusses; the longitudinal truss comprises longitudinal inner steel close to one side of the plate surface, longitudinal outer steel far away from the plate surface and longitudinal straight struts, wherein two ends of the longitudinal straight struts are respectively fixed with the longitudinal inner steel and the longitudinal outer steel; the transverse truss comprises transverse inner section steel and a transverse frame body, wherein the transverse inner section steel is arranged along the length direction of the plate surface in the length direction, and the transverse frame body is detachably connected with the transverse inner section steel; the transverse frame body comprises transverse outer section steel, a transverse straight support and a transverse inclined support; the caisson combined template also comprises a longitudinal connecting assembly, a transverse connecting assembly and an external connecting assembly; the caisson combined template is split into a plurality of units with smaller individual volumes, the caisson combined template is convenient to move and easy to correct welding deformation in the manufacturing process, and the overall precision is high.

Description

Caisson built-up plate
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of concrete forming templates, in particular to a caisson combined template.
Background
The caisson is mainly used for building wharfs and breakwaters, is of a box-type structure with a bottom and no cover, is internally provided with a partition plate, can float in water, and can be controlled to sink or float by adjusting the pressure-loaded water in the caisson.
The caisson is formed by pouring concrete in a die cavity formed by combining caisson templates. Caisson formwork typically includes a deck and a support framework fixedly connected to the deck. The face is used for sealing concrete mud, and the braced skeleton is used for supporting the face, and then reduces when the concrete shaping, the horizontal deformation and the vertical deformation of face.
The caisson has larger volume, so the caisson template has larger integral volume, thereby causing inconvenience in transportation; moreover, the plate surface and the supporting framework which form the caisson template are usually metal welding parts, and when the overall size of the product is large, the stress deformation generated in the welding process is difficult to correct, so that the overall precision of the caisson template is influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a caisson combination template, which is divided into a plurality of units with smaller individual volumes, is convenient to move and transport, is easy to correct welding deformation in the manufacturing process and has high overall precision.
The technical purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme: a caisson combined template comprises a plate surface and a supporting framework for supporting the plate surface, wherein the plate surface comprises a plurality of sub-plate bodies, and adjacent sub-plate bodies are detachably connected; the supporting framework comprises a plurality of transverse trusses arranged along the length direction of the plate surface and a plurality of longitudinal trusses arranged along the height direction of the plate surface;
the longitudinal truss comprises longitudinal inner section steel close to one side of the plate surface and longitudinal outer section steel far away from the plate surface, the longitudinal outer section steel and the longitudinal inner section steel are arranged in the length direction along the height direction of the plate surface, a plurality of longitudinal straight struts which are perpendicular to the plate surface are arranged between the longitudinal outer section steel and the longitudinal inner section steel, and two ends of each longitudinal straight strut are fixedly connected with the longitudinal outer section steel and the longitudinal inner section steel respectively;
the transverse truss comprises transverse inner section steel and a transverse frame body, wherein the transverse inner section steel is arranged along the length direction of the plate surface in the length direction, and the transverse frame body is detachably connected with the transverse inner section steel; the transverse frame body comprises transverse outer profile steel arranged along the length direction of the plate surface in the length direction; a plurality of transverse braces which are perpendicular to the plate surface are fixed on the surface of one side, close to the plate surface, of the transverse exterior steel, transverse inclined braces are arranged at the transverse braces, and two ends of each transverse inclined brace are fixedly connected with the transverse braces and the transverse exterior steel respectively; the transverse inner section steel is abutted against and detachably connected with the longitudinal inner section steel;
the caisson built-up plate still includes that a plurality of is used for being connected the longitudinal connection subassembly of fixing with indulging inner steel and face, and a plurality of is used for being connected the transverse connection subassembly of fixing with indulging inner steel and violently inner steel, and a plurality of is used for being connected the external connection subassembly of fixing with violently outer steel and indulging outer steel.
Through the technical scheme, the plate surface is composed of the plurality of the sub-plate bodies which are detachably connected, and the plate surface can be detached into a unit with smaller volume when the caisson template is transported; the supporting framework is composed of a transverse truss and a longitudinal truss, and the transverse truss comprises transverse inner section steel and a transverse frame body; when the caisson combined template is assembled, the longitudinal trusses are connected and fixed with the plate surface by using the longitudinal connecting assemblies, then the transverse inner section steel is inserted into the longitudinal section steel along the length direction of the plate surface, and the transverse inner section steel is fixed with the longitudinal trusses by using the transverse connecting assemblies so that the transverse inner section steel spans the two longitudinal trusses; inserting the transverse frame body between the two longitudinal trusses along the direction of the vertical plate surface, and further connecting and fixing the transverse frame body and the transverse inner section steel; finally, connecting and fixing the transverse profile steel and the longitudinal profile steel by using an external connecting assembly, thereby finishing the installation of the caisson combined template;
the caisson combined template is composed of a plurality of detachably mounted units, so that when the caisson combined template is transported in a moving mode, the caisson combined template can be detached into units with smaller size, and the caisson combined template can be transported in a moving mode conveniently; because the caisson combined template is split into units with smaller volume, the welding deformation of each part is easy to control and correct, and the caisson combined template has higher precision.
Preferably, the sub-plate body comprises a sealing plate, an L-shaped angle steel fixed at the edge of the back of the sealing plate, a plurality of longitudinal rib plates arranged along the height direction of the sealing plate and a plurality of transverse rib plates arranged along the length direction of the sealing plate; two ends of the longitudinal rib plate and the transverse rib plate are respectively fixedly connected with the L-shaped angle steel; the side edge of the daughter board body is provided with a bolt connection point, and the corresponding daughter board body is fixedly connected through the bolt connection point.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, through the marginal fixed L type angle steel at the closing plate, support the closing plate through L type angle steel, constitute the grid structure through horizontal gusset and vertical gusset, and then can cooperate L type angle steel effectual to support the closing plate to reduce the face and when sealing the concrete deformation of closing plate.
Preferably, the longitudinal connecting assembly comprises a longitudinal U-shaped bolt, a longitudinal pressing plate which is positioned at the longitudinal U-shaped bolt and is vertically penetrated by a screw rod of the longitudinal U-shaped bolt, and a longitudinal pressing nut which is in threaded engagement with the screw rod of the longitudinal U-shaped bolt; the longitudinal U-shaped bolt penetrates through the longitudinal rib plate and is connected with the longitudinal inner steel sleeve in a sleeved mode;
the transverse connecting assembly comprises a transverse U-shaped bolt, a transverse pressing plate and a transverse compression nut, wherein the transverse pressing plate is positioned at the transverse U-shaped bolt and vertically penetrated by a screw rod of the transverse U-shaped bolt, and the transverse compression nut is in threaded engagement with the screw rod of the transverse U-shaped bolt; the transverse U-shaped bolt penetrates through the longitudinal inner profile steel and is connected with a transverse inner profile steel sleeve in a sleeved mode;
the external connecting assembly comprises an external U-shaped bolt, an external pressing plate which is positioned at the external U-shaped bolt and vertically penetrated by a screw rod of the external U-shaped bolt, and an external compression nut which is in threaded engagement with the screw rod of the external U-shaped bolt; the external U-shaped bolt is positioned at the intersection position of the transverse external steel and the longitudinal external steel and is sleeved with the transverse external steel and the longitudinal external steel simultaneously.
According to the technical scheme, when the plate surface and the longitudinal truss are installed, the transverse rib plates on the plate surface are used as connecting carriers, and the longitudinal U-shaped bolts, the longitudinal U-shaped bolts and the longitudinal compression nuts are connected and fixed, so that the operation is simple, and the connecting strength is high; when the transverse truss and the longitudinal truss are connected, the intersection point of the transverse truss and the longitudinal truss is used as a fixed point, and the transverse inner section steel and the longitudinal inner section steel are connected and fixed through a transverse U-shaped bolt, a transverse pressing plate and a transverse pressing nut; the horizontal profile steel and the vertical profile steel are connected and fixed through the external U-shaped bolt, the external pressing plate and the external compression nut, so that the plate surface, the vertical truss and the horizontal truss can be efficiently and stably fixed.
Preferably, a connecting plate is fixed at the end part of the transverse straight support and is connected with the transverse inner section steel through bolts.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, through the setting of connecting plate, through with connecting plate and violently interior type bolted connection, and then make things convenient for the efficient to assemble horizontal support body and violently interior shaped steel.
Preferably, the surface of one side of the transverse inner section steel, which is far away from the plate surface, is provided with a plurality of groups of positioning assemblies for positioning the connecting plate; the positioning assembly comprises a side positioning block used for being abutted against the side surface of the connecting plate and a bottom positioning block used for being abutted against the bottom surface of the connecting plate.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, through the comprehensive setting of side locating piece and bottom surface locating piece, and then when installing horizontal frame and horizontal interior steel, fix a position the connecting plate through side locating piece and bottom surface locating piece to can install the location to horizontal support body high-efficiently.
Preferably, the connecting plate is fixed in violently supporting tip one side, one side that violently props away from the connecting plate is fixed with the regulating block, be provided with the jackscrew of axial and face vertically on the regulating block, jackscrew and regulating block threaded connection.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, through rotating the jackscrew, and then the butt of tip through the jackscrew to the face, and then when using the bolt to be connected the connecting plate and violently interior shaped steel fixedly, finely tune the connecting plate to make things convenient for the staff to install horizontal support body.
Preferably, an inclined strut assembly is arranged between each two adjacent vertical straight struts, the inclined strut assembly comprises a vertical upper inclined strut and a vertical lower inclined strut, the vertical upper inclined strut is inclined downwards from one end of the vertical outer profile steel to one end of the vertical inner profile steel, and the vertical lower inclined strut is inclined downwards from one end of the vertical inner profile steel to one end of the vertical outer profile steel; and two ends of the longitudinal upper inclined strut and the longitudinal lower inclined strut are respectively and fixedly connected with the longitudinal outer profile steel and the longitudinal inner profile steel.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, through last bracing and indulge down the bracing to indulging outer steel and indulge the inner steel to carry out the reinforced connection to indulge the support, indulge the bracing and indulge down the bracing and indulge and form a plurality of triangular supports between outer steel and the interior shaped steel of indulging, make the holistic structure of longitudinal truss more stable.
Preferably, the caisson combination template further comprises a leveling component, the leveling component comprises a plurality of leveling beams arranged in the length direction of the plate surface along the length direction, and the leveling beams cross two adjacent longitudinal trusses; the leveling beam is abutted against the surface of the longitudinal inner section steel and is detachably connected with the longitudinal inner section steel; and one end of the leveling beam is fixedly provided with a leveling nut, the leveling nut is meshed with a leveling screw rod, and the axis of the leveling screw rod is perpendicular to the plate surface.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, after accomplishing and installing vertical truss on the face, with leveling subassembly installation between two vertical trusses, through rotating leveling screw, and then utilize leveling screw to carry out the leveling to the face effort of face butt, make things convenient for the component mounting in later stage.
Preferably, the leveling beam and the longitudinal inner section steel are connected through bolts.
Through the technical scheme, the leveling beam and the longitudinal inner section steel are connected through the bolts, so that the leveling beam and the longitudinal inner section steel can be conveniently and quickly mounted and dismounted.
Preferably, the longitudinal inner steel, the transverse outer steel, the transverse inner steel and the transverse inner steel are all made of channel steel.
According to the technical scheme, the longitudinal inner profile steel, the transverse outer profile steel, the transverse inner profile steel and the transverse inner profile steel are all made of channel steel, the channel steel is easy to obtain, the weight is light, and the structural strength is good; and the channel steel is used as the main body members of the transverse truss and the longitudinal truss, and due to the hollow structure of the channel steel, when the channel steel is connected by bolts, the longitudinal truss and the transverse truss can be conveniently punched.
In summary, the invention has the following advantages:
1. the caisson combined template is composed of a plurality of detachably mounted units, so that when the caisson combined template is transported in a moving mode, the caisson combined template can be detached into units with smaller size, and the caisson combined template can be transported in a moving mode conveniently; because the caisson combined template is split into units with smaller volume, the welding deformation of each part is easy to control and correct, and the caisson combined template has higher precision.
2. When the plate surface and the longitudinal truss are installed, the transverse rib plates on the plate surface are used as connecting carriers, and the longitudinal U-shaped bolts, the longitudinal U-shaped bolts and the longitudinal compression nuts are used for connecting and fixing the plate surface and the longitudinal truss, so that the operation is simple, and the connecting strength is high; when the transverse truss and the longitudinal truss are connected, the intersection point of the transverse truss and the longitudinal truss is used as a fixed point, and the transverse inner section steel and the longitudinal inner section steel are connected and fixed through a transverse U-shaped bolt, a transverse pressing plate and a transverse pressing nut; the horizontal profile steel and the vertical profile steel are connected and fixed through the external U-shaped bolt, the external pressing plate and the external compression nut, so that the plate surface, the vertical truss and the horizontal truss can be efficiently and stably fixed.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention.
Fig. 1 is a side view of a caisson formwork assembly.
Fig. 2 is a top view of a caisson formwork assembly.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the board surface.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the longitudinal girder.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of a transverse truss.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural view showing a connection structure of a transverse frame body and transverse inner section steel.
Fig. 7 is a view of item a of fig. 6 of the connection plate.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural view showing a longitudinal connecting assembly.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a transverse link assembly.
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural view embodying a leveling assembly.
FIG. 11 is a schematic structural view embodying a leveling assembly.
Wherein, 1, the board surface; 11. a sub-board body; 111. a sealing plate; 112. l-shaped angle steel; 113. longitudinal rib plates; 114. a transverse rib plate; 2. a transverse truss; 21. transverse inner section steel; 211. a side positioning block; 212. a bottom surface positioning block; 22. a transverse frame body; 221. transverse profile steel; 222. transversely and vertically supporting; 223. a transverse diagonal bracing; 224. a connecting plate; 23. an adjusting block; 24. carrying out top thread; 3. a longitudinal truss; 31. longitudinal inner profile steel; 32. longitudinal and external profile steel; 33. longitudinally and vertically supporting; 34. longitudinally bracing; 35. a longitudinal lower inclined strut; 4. a longitudinal connecting assembly; 41. a longitudinal U-shaped bolt; 42. a longitudinal pressing plate; 43. a longitudinal compression nut; 5. a transverse connection assembly; 51. a transverse U-shaped bolt; 52. a transverse pressing plate; 53. transversely compressing the nut; 6. an external connection assembly; 61. an outer U-bolt; 62. an outer platen; 63. an external compression nut; 7. a leveling assembly; 71. leveling the beam; 72. a leveling nut; 73. and (4) leveling the screw rod.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. In which like parts are designated by like reference numerals. It should be noted that the terms "front," "back," "left," "right," "upper" and "lower" used in the following description refer to directions in the drawings, and the terms "bottom" and "top," "inner" and "outer" refer to directions toward and away from, respectively, the geometric center of a particular component.
Example (b):
a caisson combination template, refer to fig. 1 and 2, comprises a plate surface 1 and a supporting framework for supporting the plate surface 1. The board surface 1 comprises a plurality of sub-board bodies 11, and the adjacent sub-board bodies 11 are detachably connected. The supporting framework comprises a plurality of transverse trusses 2 arranged along the length direction of the board surface 1 and a plurality of longitudinal trusses 3 arranged along the height direction of the board surface 1. The longitudinal girders 3 and the plate surface 1 and the transverse girders 2 and the longitudinal girders 3 are detachably connected. When the caisson combined template is transported in a moving mode, the supporting framework is split into the longitudinal truss 3 and the transverse truss 2 which are small in size, and the plate surface 1 is split into the single sub-plate bodies 11, so that the caisson combined template is convenient to transport in a moving mode.
Referring to fig. 1 and 3, the sub-plate body 11 includes a sealing plate 111, and the sealing plate 111 is cut from a steel plate. An L-shaped angle iron 112 is fixed on the edge of the back face of the sealing plate 111, and the L-shaped angle iron 112 on the edge of the back face of the sealing plate 111 forms a circle. A plurality of longitudinal rib plates 113 arranged along the height direction of the sealing plate 111 and a plurality of transverse rib plates 114 arranged along the length direction of the sealing plate 111 are fixed on the back surface of the sealing plate 111. Two ends of the longitudinal rib plate 113 and the transverse rib plate 114 are respectively fixedly connected with the L-shaped angle steel 112. The side edge of the daughter board body is provided with a bolt connection point, and the corresponding daughter board body (11) is fixedly connected through the bolt connection point. When the installation is carried out, the L-shaped angle steels 112 of the adjacent sub-plate bodies 11 are connected by bolts. A sealing gasket can be arranged between the L-shaped angle steels 112 connected with the adjacent sub-plate bodies 11, so that the sealing performance of the connection part of the plate bodies 11 is enhanced. The sealing plate 111 is supported by the L-shaped angle iron 112, and the transverse rib 114 and the longitudinal rib 113 form a grid structure, so that the sealing plate 111 can be effectively supported in cooperation with the L-shaped angle iron 112, thereby reducing deformation of the sealing plate 111 when the plate surface 1 seals concrete.
Referring to fig. 4, the longitudinal girder 3 includes longitudinal inner steels 31 near one side of the slab 1 and longitudinal outer steels 32 far from the slab 1. The longitudinal external profile steel 32 and the longitudinal internal profile steel 31 are arranged along the height direction of the plate surface 1 in the length direction, a plurality of longitudinal straight struts 33 perpendicular to the plate surface 1 are arranged between the longitudinal external profile steel 32 and the longitudinal internal profile steel 31, and two ends of each longitudinal straight strut 33 are fixedly connected with the longitudinal external profile steel 32 and the longitudinal internal profile steel 31 respectively. And an inclined strut assembly is respectively arranged between two adjacent vertical straight struts 33 and comprises a vertical upper inclined strut 34 and a vertical lower inclined strut 35, the vertical upper inclined strut 34 is inclined downwards from one end of the vertical external profile steel 32 to one end of the vertical internal profile steel 31, and the vertical lower inclined strut 35 is inclined downwards from one end of the vertical internal profile steel 31 to one end of the vertical external profile steel 32. Two ends of the vertical upper inclined strut 34 and the vertical lower inclined strut 35 are respectively fixedly connected with the vertical outer profile steel 32 and the vertical inner profile steel 31. The longitudinal profile steel 32, the longitudinal internal profile steel 31, the longitudinal upper inclined strut 34 and the longitudinal lower inclined strut 35 are all made by cutting channel steel, and are welded to make the longitudinal truss 3. When the caisson combined template is assembled, the longitudinal truss 3 and the daughter board bodies 11 are connected and fixed, and then the adjacent daughter board bodies 11 are connected and fixed by using bolts and nuts. The vertical truss 3 reinforces and supports the plate surface 1 in the height direction, so that the deformation of the plate surface 1 in the height direction in the use process can be reduced. The longitudinal external profile steel 32 and the longitudinal internal profile steel 31 are reinforced and connected through the upper diagonal brace and the longitudinal lower diagonal brace 35, and the longitudinal support, the longitudinal upper diagonal brace 34 and the longitudinal lower diagonal brace 35 form a plurality of triangular supports between the longitudinal external profile steel 32 and the longitudinal internal profile steel 31, so that the integral structure of the longitudinal truss 3 is more stable.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, the transverse girder 2 includes transverse inner section steels 21 arranged lengthwise along the length of the deck 1 and transverse frame bodies 22 detachably connected to the transverse inner section steels 21. The transverse inner steel 21 is made by cutting channel steel, and the transverse frame body 22 is a welding part consisting of steel members. The transverse frame body 22 comprises transverse profile steel 221 arranged along the length direction of the plate surface 1 in the length direction; a plurality of transverse straight struts 222 which are perpendicular to the plate surface 1 are fixed on the surface of one side, close to the plate surface 1, of the transverse profile steel 221, transverse inclined struts 223 are arranged at the transverse straight struts 222, and two ends of each transverse inclined strut 223 are respectively fixedly connected with the transverse straight struts 222 and the transverse profile steel 221; the horizontal inner section steel 21 is abutted against and detachably connected with the vertical inner section steel 31. A connecting plate 224 is fixed on one side of the end part of the transverse straight support 222, and the connecting plate 224 is connected with the transverse inner section steel 21 by bolts. The connecting plate 224 is fixed on one side of the end portion of the transverse straight strut 222, the adjusting block 23 is fixed on one side of the transverse straight strut 222 away from the connecting plate 224, the adjusting block 23 is provided with a jackscrew 24 which is vertical to the plate surface 1 in the axial direction, and the jackscrew 24 is in threaded connection with the adjusting block 23. After the installation of the longitudinal truss 3 and the plate surface 1 is completed, the transverse truss 2 and the longitudinal truss 3 are installed, and the transverse truss 2 and the longitudinal truss 3 are conveniently installed by splitting the transverse truss 2 into the transverse inner steel 21 and the transverse frame body 22. When the transverse truss 2 is installed, the transverse inner steel 21 is firstly inserted along the length direction of the plate surface 1, so that the transverse inner steel 21 crosses the two longitudinal trusses 3, then the transverse frame body 22 is inserted between the two longitudinal trusses 3 along the direction perpendicular to the plate surface 1, a threaded hole is processed at a corresponding position where the connecting plate 224 of the transverse inner steel 21 is installed, or a back welding nut is punched, so that the connecting plate 224 and the transverse inner steel 21 are fixedly connected by using bolts. When using the bolt to install the fixing to connecting plate 224, there is the phenomenon of nonparallel in connecting plate 224 probably with the surface of horizontal interior shaped steel 21, through rotating jackscrew 24, utilizes jackscrew 24 to carry out the butt to horizontal interior shaped steel 21, and then can finely tune connecting plate 224 to make things convenient for the staff to install connecting plate 224.
Referring to fig. 6 and 7, the side surface of the transverse inner steel 21 away from the plate surface 1 is provided with a plurality of sets of positioning components for positioning the connecting plate 224. The positioning assembly includes a side positioning block 211 for abutting against a side surface of the connection plate 224 and a bottom positioning block 212 for abutting against a bottom surface of the connection plate 224. When connecting the fixing to connecting plate 224, with the side and the side locating piece 211 butt of connecting plate 224, with the bottom surface and the bottom surface locating piece 212 butt of connecting plate 224, and then can convenient and fast install the location to connecting plate 224, make the mounting hole on the connecting plate 224 align with the silk hole that corresponds on the horizontal inner steel 21. Except that the side positioning blocks 211 and the bottom positioning blocks 212 are adopted to position the connecting plate 224, and the connecting plate 224 and the transverse inner steel 21 are fixedly connected by adopting bolt connection; and a plurality of groups of positioning steel columns can be welded on the outer surface of the transverse section steel. When the transverse frame body 22 and the transverse inner section steel 21 are mounted, the connecting plate 224 is positioned by abutting the side faces of the positioning steel columns and the connecting plate 224, and spot welding is performed at the contact positions of the positioning steel columns and the connecting plate 224, so that the transverse frame body 22 and the transverse inner section steel 21 are fixedly connected. When the supporting framework needs to be disassembled, the welding at the positioning steel column is cut through by using a cutting device such as a polishing machine, so that the transverse frame body 22 is separated from the transverse inner steel 21.
Referring to fig. 1, 2 and 8, the caisson combination formwork further includes a plurality of longitudinal connecting assemblies 4 for connecting and fixing the longitudinal inner section steel 31 and the plate surface 1, a plurality of transverse connecting assemblies 5 for connecting and fixing the longitudinal inner section steel 31 and the transverse inner section steel 21, and a plurality of external connecting assemblies 6 for connecting and fixing the transverse outer section steel 221 and the longitudinal outer section steel 32.
The longitudinal connecting member 4 includes a longitudinal U-bolt 41, a longitudinal pressing plate 42, and a longitudinal pressing nut 43 threadedly engaged with a screw of the longitudinal U-bolt 41. The longitudinal U-shaped bolt 41 penetrates through the longitudinal rib plate 113 and is sleeved with the longitudinal inner section steel 31. And a longitudinal pressing plate 42 vertically penetrated by a screw rod of the longitudinal U-shaped bolt 41. The longitudinal truss 3 and the plate surface 1 are connected and fixed by making a hole on the longitudinal rib plate 113 of the plate surface 1, using the longitudinal U-shaped bolt 41 as a connecting piece and using the longitudinal compression nut 43 to apply force to the longitudinal pressure plate 42.
Referring to fig. 1, 2 and 9, the lateral connecting assembly 5 includes a lateral U-bolt 51, a lateral pressing plate 52, and a lateral compression nut 53 screw-threadedly engaged with the lateral U-bolt 51. The transverse U-shaped bolt 51 penetrates through the longitudinal inner section steel 31 and is sleeved with the transverse inner section steel 21. And a transverse pressing plate 52 vertically penetrated by the screw rod of the transverse U-shaped bolt 51. Through set up the mounting hole in the corresponding position department of indulging interior shaped steel 31, pass vertical interior shaped steel 31 with the U-shaped bolt axial, and then install horizontal U-shaped bolt 51 on vertical interior shaped steel 31, through horizontal gland nut 53 to the horizontal clamp plate 52 application of force, and then carry out relatively fixed with horizontal interior shaped steel 21 and vertical interior shaped steel 31.
Referring to fig. 1, 2 and 10, the external connection assembly 6 includes an external U-bolt 61, an external pressure plate 62, and an external compression nut 63 threadedly engaged with a screw of the external U-bolt 61. The outer U-shaped bolt 61 is positioned at the intersection of the horizontal type steel 221 and the vertical type steel 32 and is sleeved with the horizontal type steel 221 and the vertical type steel 32. And an outer pressing plate 62 through which the screw of the outer U-shaped bolt 61 vertically penetrates. The crossing positions of the transverse profile steel 221 and the longitudinal profile steel 32 are locked and fixed by using an external U-shaped bolt 61 and an external pressure plate 62 at the crossing positions of the transverse profile steel 221 and the longitudinal profile steel 32, and then the transverse connection assembly 5 is matched to efficiently and stably connect and fix the transverse truss 2 and the longitudinal truss 3.
Referring to fig. 11, the caisson combination formwork further comprises a leveling assembly 7. The leveling component 7 comprises a plurality of leveling beams 71 which are arranged along the length direction of the plate surface 1 in the length direction, and the leveling beams 71 cross two adjacent longitudinal trusses 3; the leveling beam 71 abuts against the surface of the longitudinal inner section steel 31 and is detachably connected with the longitudinal inner section steel 31; one end of the leveling beam 71 is fixed with a leveling nut 72, the leveling nut 72 is meshed with a leveling screw 73, and the axis of the leveling screw is perpendicular to the plate surface 1. After the longitudinal girders 3 are installed on the plate surface 1, the leveling component 7 is installed between the two longitudinal girders 3, the leveling screw rods 73 are rotated, and then the plate surface is leveled by the acting force of the leveling screw rods 73 abutting against the plate surface 1, so that the installation of components at the later stage is facilitated.
The specific implementation principle of this embodiment is as follows:
when transporting caisson composite module, with 1 split of face into single daughter board bodies 11 such as, with the split of supporting framework into each vertical truss 3 and horizontal truss 2, and then reduce holistic transportation volume, convenient transportation. And through the unit with face 1 and the split volume reduction of supporting the skeleton, when processing the preparation, easily weld the school type to reduce caisson composite module and make the caisson composite module whole and have higher precision.
Although some specific embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail by way of illustration, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that the above illustration is only for the purpose of illustration and is not intended to limit the scope of the invention. It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the above embodiments without departing from the scope and spirit of the invention. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a caisson built-up plate, includes face (1) and is used for carrying out the support chassis that supports face (1), its characterized in that: the board surface (1) comprises a plurality of sub-board bodies (11), and adjacent sub-board bodies (11) are detachably connected; the supporting framework comprises a plurality of transverse trusses (2) arranged along the length direction of the plate surface (1) and a plurality of longitudinal trusses (3) arranged along the height direction of the plate surface (1);
the longitudinal truss (3) comprises longitudinal inner steel (31) close to one side of the plate surface (1) and longitudinal outer steel (32) far away from the plate surface (1), the longitudinal outer steel (32) and the longitudinal inner steel (31) are arranged in the length direction along the height direction of the plate surface (1), a plurality of longitudinal straight struts (33) perpendicular to the plate surface (1) are arranged between the longitudinal outer steel (32) and the longitudinal inner steel (31), and two ends of each longitudinal straight strut (33) are fixedly connected with the longitudinal outer steel (32) and the longitudinal inner steel (31) respectively;
the transverse truss (2) comprises transverse inner section steel (21) arranged in the length direction along the length direction of the plate surface (1) and a transverse frame body (22) detachably connected with the transverse inner section steel (21); the transverse frame body (22) comprises transverse outer section steel (221) which is arranged along the length direction of the plate surface (1) in the length direction; a plurality of transverse straight struts (222) which are perpendicular to the plate surface (1) are fixed on the surface of one side, close to the plate surface (1), of the transverse outer profile steel (221), transverse inclined struts (223) are arranged at the positions of the transverse straight struts (222), and two ends of each transverse inclined strut (223) are fixedly connected with the corresponding transverse straight strut (222) and the corresponding transverse outer profile steel (221) respectively; the transverse inner section steel (21) is abutted against and detachably connected with the longitudinal inner section steel (31);
caisson built-up plate still includes that a plurality of is used for being connected vertical coupling assembling (4) fixed with face (1) with indulging shaped steel (31), and a plurality of is used for being connected fixed horizontal coupling assembling (5) with indulging shaped steel (31) and violently interior shaped steel (21), and a plurality of is used for being connected fixed outside coupling assembling (6) with indulging exterior shaped steel (32) with violently exterior shaped steel (221).
2. The caisson combination template of claim 1, wherein: the daughter board body (11) comprises a sealing plate (111), L-shaped angle steel (112) fixed at the edge of the back face of the sealing plate (111), a plurality of longitudinal rib plates (113) arranged along the height direction of the sealing plate (111) and a plurality of transverse rib plates (114) arranged along the length direction of the sealing plate (111); two ends of the longitudinal rib plate (113) and the transverse rib plate (114) are respectively fixedly connected with the L-shaped angle steel (112); the side edge of the sub-plate body (11) is provided with a bolt connection point, and the corresponding sub-plate body (11) is connected and fixed through the bolt connection point.
3. The caisson combination template of claim 2, wherein: the longitudinal connecting assembly (4) comprises a longitudinal U-shaped bolt (41), a longitudinal pressing plate (42) which is positioned at the longitudinal U-shaped bolt (41) and is vertically penetrated by a screw rod of the longitudinal U-shaped bolt (41), and a longitudinal pressing nut (43) which is in threaded engagement with the screw rod of the longitudinal U-shaped bolt (41); the longitudinal U-shaped bolt (41) penetrates through the longitudinal rib plate (113) and is sleeved with the longitudinal inner section steel (31);
the transverse connecting assembly (5) comprises a transverse U-shaped bolt (51), a transverse pressing plate (52) which is positioned at the transverse U-shaped bolt (51) and is vertically penetrated by a screw rod of the transverse U-shaped bolt (51), and a transverse pressing nut (53) which is in threaded engagement with the screw rod of the transverse U-shaped bolt (51); the transverse U-shaped bolt (51) penetrates through the longitudinal inner section steel (31) and is sleeved with the transverse inner section steel (21);
the external connecting component (6) comprises an external U-shaped bolt (61), an external pressure plate (62) which is positioned at the external U-shaped bolt (61) and vertically penetrated by a screw rod of the external U-shaped bolt (61), and an external compression nut (63) which is in threaded engagement with the screw rod of the external U-shaped bolt (61); the outer U-shaped bolt (61) is positioned at the intersection position of the transverse profile steel (221) and the longitudinal profile steel (32) and is sleeved with the transverse profile steel (221) and the longitudinal profile steel (32) at the same time.
4. The caisson combination template of claim 1, wherein: the end part of the transverse straight support (222) is fixed with a connecting plate (224), and the connecting plate (224) is connected with the transverse inner steel (21) through bolts.
5. The caisson combination template of claim 4, wherein: the surface of one side, away from the plate surface (1), of the transverse inner steel (21) is provided with a plurality of groups of positioning assemblies for positioning the connecting plate (224); the positioning assembly comprises a side positioning block (211) used for being abutted against the side surface of the connecting plate (224) and a bottom positioning block (212) used for being abutted against the bottom surface of the connecting plate (224).
6. The caisson combination template of claim 4, wherein: the connecting plate (224) is fixed on one side of the end part of the transverse straight support (222), one side, away from the connecting plate (224), of the transverse straight support (222) is fixed with an adjusting block (23), an axial jackscrew (24) perpendicular to the plate surface (1) is arranged on the adjusting block (23), and the jackscrew (24) is in threaded connection with the adjusting block (23).
7. The caisson combination template of claim 1, wherein: an inclined strut assembly is arranged between every two adjacent vertical straight struts (33) respectively, the inclined strut assembly comprises a vertical upper inclined strut (34) and a vertical lower inclined strut (35), the vertical upper inclined strut (34) is inclined downwards from one end of the vertical outer profile steel (32) to one end of the vertical inner profile steel (31), and the vertical lower inclined strut (35) is inclined downwards from one end of the vertical inner profile steel (31) to one end of the vertical outer profile steel (32); and two ends of the longitudinal upper inclined strut (34) and the longitudinal lower inclined strut (35) are respectively and fixedly connected with the longitudinal outer steel (32) and the longitudinal inner steel (31).
8. The caisson combination template of claim 1, wherein: the caisson combined template further comprises a leveling component (7), wherein the leveling component (7) comprises a plurality of leveling beams (71) which are arranged along the length direction of the plate surface (1) in the length direction, and the leveling beams (71) cross two adjacent longitudinal trusses (3); the leveling beam (71) is abutted against the surface of the longitudinal inner section steel (31) and is detachably connected with the longitudinal inner section steel (31); leveling nut (72) are fixed to one end of leveling roof beam (71), leveling nut (72) meshing has leveling screw rod (73), the axis and the face (1) of leveling screw rod (73) are perpendicular.
9. The caisson combination template of claim 8, wherein: the leveling beam (71) is connected with the longitudinal inner section steel (31) through bolts.
10. A caisson combination formwork according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein: the longitudinal inner section steel (31), the transverse outer section steel (221), the transverse inner section steel (21) and the transverse inner section steel (21) are all made of channel steel.
CN202011078936.8A 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 Caisson built-up plate Pending CN112227397A (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3525191A (en) * 1967-03-09 1970-08-25 Emil Mauritz Hunnebeck Truss assembly set,especially for bracing concrete forms
CN2375702Y (en) * 1999-05-14 2000-04-26 蓝进传 Combined building shuttering structure
CN102493360A (en) * 2011-12-29 2012-06-13 浙江大东吴集团建设有限公司 Reinforced concrete arch bridge construction method
CN102635235A (en) * 2012-05-08 2012-08-15 刘春� Method for cast-in-place of ferrocement panel by spliced net frame suspension template
CN204081453U (en) * 2014-09-17 2015-01-07 中国建筑一局(集团)有限公司 Use formula builder's jack shaped steel fastening devices can be had enough to meet the need
CN205348205U (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-06-29 中交一航局第三工程有限公司 Caisson inner core combination formula steel form
CN210032618U (en) * 2019-04-30 2020-02-07 深圳市建工集团股份有限公司 K plate leveling rod
CN213572011U (en) * 2020-10-10 2021-06-29 杨胜杰 Caisson built-up plate

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3525191A (en) * 1967-03-09 1970-08-25 Emil Mauritz Hunnebeck Truss assembly set,especially for bracing concrete forms
CN2375702Y (en) * 1999-05-14 2000-04-26 蓝进传 Combined building shuttering structure
CN102493360A (en) * 2011-12-29 2012-06-13 浙江大东吴集团建设有限公司 Reinforced concrete arch bridge construction method
CN102635235A (en) * 2012-05-08 2012-08-15 刘春� Method for cast-in-place of ferrocement panel by spliced net frame suspension template
CN204081453U (en) * 2014-09-17 2015-01-07 中国建筑一局(集团)有限公司 Use formula builder's jack shaped steel fastening devices can be had enough to meet the need
CN205348205U (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-06-29 中交一航局第三工程有限公司 Caisson inner core combination formula steel form
CN210032618U (en) * 2019-04-30 2020-02-07 深圳市建工集团股份有限公司 K plate leveling rod
CN213572011U (en) * 2020-10-10 2021-06-29 杨胜杰 Caisson built-up plate

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