CN112176713B - Vertical cutting machine, cutting system and intelligent cloth cutting method - Google Patents

Vertical cutting machine, cutting system and intelligent cloth cutting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112176713B
CN112176713B CN202011193546.5A CN202011193546A CN112176713B CN 112176713 B CN112176713 B CN 112176713B CN 202011193546 A CN202011193546 A CN 202011193546A CN 112176713 B CN112176713 B CN 112176713B
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cloth
cutting
fabric
conveyor belt
clamping device
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CN112176713A (en
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翁端文
褚如昶
吕新
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INA Intelligent Technology Zhejiang Co Ltd
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INA Intelligent Technology Zhejiang Co Ltd
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06HMARKING, INSPECTING, SEAMING OR SEVERING TEXTILE MATERIALS
    • D06H7/00Apparatus or processes for cutting, or otherwise severing, specially adapted for the cutting, or otherwise severing, of textile materials
    • D06H7/02Apparatus or processes for cutting, or otherwise severing, specially adapted for the cutting, or otherwise severing, of textile materials transversely
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/66Disintegrating fibre-containing textile articles to obtain fibres for re-use

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Textile Engineering (AREA)
  • Treatment Of Fiber Materials (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a vertical cutting machine, a cutting system comprising the same and a method obtained by applying the system, and belongs to the technical field of cutting equipment. The purpose of the invention is realized in the following way: a vertical cutting machine comprises a machine body; a vertical cutting machine comprises a machine body; the cloth clamping device is arranged on the outer side of the machine body and is used for clamping the head of cloth; the conveyor belt assembly is arranged on the machine body and is used for driving the cloth clamping device to move along the vertical track; a cutting device arranged at the lower side of the machine body; when the moving stroke of the cloth clamping device reaches a set length, the cutting device cuts the cloth. The invention changes the cutting machine into a vertical structural design; space occupation can be reduced; and by controlling the moving distance of the conveyor belt assembly, the cloth with set length is automatically cut according to the requirement by utilizing the cutting operation of the cutting device. And the contact with the ground is avoided to reduce pollution. Thereby being capable of adapting to the requirements of customized trend.

Description

Vertical cutting machine, cutting system and intelligent cloth cutting method
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of cutting equipment, and particularly relates to a vertical cutting machine, a cutting system comprising the cutting machine and a method based on the system.
Background
At present, along with the improvement of living standard and the increasing requirements of consumers on living quality, the production mode of the clothing industry is changed, and the personalized customization of clothing capable of highlighting individuality and personal preference is increasingly popular with people. The premise of realizing personalized rapid customization is that the diversified and timely ingredients of the fabric are needed, namely, the warehouse receives an order instruction, a designated fabric roll is required to be taken rapidly and accurately, the fabric required by production is cut according to the required length, order information (customer names, fabric types, quantity and the like) is marked on the fabric, the fabric is sent to a cutting workshop to be cut, the remaining fabric is subjected to statistics and allowance is replaced after identification is carried out.
However, the existing cloth cutting machine can only cut batch cloth with the same specification and size, for example, the patent number is: 2019105335911, which specifically discloses a technical scheme of a cutting bed.
The cutting bed has high cloth laying efficiency for large batches of cloth and very good cutting for fabrics with a large batch of orders, but has large occupied area and needs more than 10 meters of space. Is not suitable for customized production requirements and is inconvenient to use in production.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a cutting machine which is convenient to use, small in size and suitable for customized cutting operation, a cutting system obtained by applying the cutting machine to an actual application scene, and method steps for realizing convenient cloth cutting based on the cutting system.
The purpose of the invention is realized in the following way: a vertical cutting machine comprises a machine body;
the cloth clamping device is arranged on the outer side of the machine body and is used for clamping the head of cloth;
the conveyor belt assembly is arranged on the machine body and is used for driving the cloth clamping device to move along the vertical track;
a cutting device arranged at the lower side of the machine body; when the moving stroke of the cloth clamping device reaches a set length, the cutting device cuts the cloth.
Preferably, the vertical track comprises a vertically arranged conveyor belt assembly, and the power source drives the conveyor belt assembly to reciprocate;
the cloth clamping device is fixedly arranged on the conveyor belt assembly.
Preferably, the conveyor belt assembly comprises a driving roller and a driven roller which are transversely arranged, driving gears are arranged on two sides of the driving roller, driven gears are arranged on two sides of the driven roller, and the driving gears and the driven gears are driven by a conveyor belt;
the cloth clamping device is fixedly arranged on the conveyor belt.
Preferably, the cloth clamping device comprises a front clamping plate and a rear clamping plate, a plurality of air cylinders are arranged on the front clamping plate, and air cylinder rods on the air cylinders penetrate through the front clamping plate and are connected with the rear clamping plate; the cylinder body of the cylinder is fixedly connected with the front clamping plate.
Preferably, the rear clamping plate is connected to the outer edge of the conveyor belt by a fastener, and the rear clamping plate is sized to fit the link size of the conveyor belt so that the cloth clamping device can move from the front side of the machine body to the rear side of the machine body along with the conveyor belt.
Preferably, the outer side of the conveyor belt assembly is covered with a conveyor belt, and the cloth clamping device is positioned on the outer side of the conveyor belt.
Preferably, an electrostatic generator is arranged on the inner side of the conveyor belt, and the electrostatic generator is used for enabling cloth to be attached to the conveyor belt.
Preferably, a sliding device is arranged at the upper end of the machine body and is used for being matched with an external sliding rail to realize the integral movement of the cutting machine;
the sliding device comprises two sliding plates which are oppositely arranged, and a sliding groove matched with the sliding rail is formed between the two sliding plates; the upper end of the sliding plate is provided with a mute roller, and the mute roller acts on the sliding rail.
Preferably also includes
The cloth loosening device comprises two cloth loosening rollers, and cloth is placed between the two cloth loosening rollers; when the cloth loosening roller rotates, cloth is output through friction between the outer edge of the cloth loosening roller and the cloth;
the cloth pressing device comprises two cloth pressing rollers and a rear pressing plate, and a space for cloth to move is arranged between the cloth pressing rollers and the rear pressing plate; the cloth pressing device is used for pressing cloth on the rear pressing plate through the cloth pressing roller when the cutting device works;
the cloth stacking device is positioned at the lower end of the cloth loosening device and comprises a tray which moves back and forth and is used for receiving cloth cut by the cutting device; the bottom of the tray is provided with a reciprocating swing mechanism.
A cutting system comprising a cutter as claimed in any one of the preceding claims;
and also comprises
The cloth storage areas are used for storing cloth;
at least one sliding rail, wherein each sliding rail is positioned at the top of the cloth storage area, and the track of the sliding rail is matched with the distribution of the cloth storage area; and the sliding rail is matched with the sliding device.
An intelligent cloth cutting method, comprising any one of the cutting machine and the cutting system;
the method also comprises the following steps:
(1) According to the layout of the fabric shelves and the floor height of the customer warehouse, a transmission slide rail and a sliding device are installed, and the vertical cutting machine is installed on the upper slide rail through the sliding device;
(2) The cutting machine is moved to a specified cloth storage area to operate through the cooperation of the sliding rail and the sliding device;
(3) An order display module is arranged on the control box; according to the order demand, inputting parameters of cloth cutting on a control box according to parameters displayed on an order display module;
(4) Placing appointed fabrics to be cut on the cloth loosening roller;
(5) Judging whether the cloth clamping device is positioned at the original point position or not; if yes, the next step is carried out; if not, driving the cloth clamping device to reset;
(6) Manually pulling the output fabric to a fabric clamping device, stepping on a foot switch, and clamping the fabric by the fabric clamping device;
(7) Pressing a start key at the control box, and driving the cloth clamping device and the conveying belt to move upwards by the power source through the conveying belt; at the moment, the cloth is sent out by forward rotation of the cloth loosening roller; meanwhile, an electrostatic generator on the conveying belt works to adsorb the fabric on the conveying belt, so that the fabric is ensured not to shake;
(8) The cutting length of the fabric is set, and the conveyor belt and the cloth loosening roller stop running at the same time;
(9) The cloth pressing cylinder drives the cloth pressing roller to extend out and press the fabric, and an electric knife of the cutting device works and transversely cuts off the fabric; then the cloth pressing cylinder drives the cloth pressing roller to retract and loosen the fabric;
(10) The cloth loosening roller reversely rotates to retract the cloth inwards to form redundant fabrics;
(11) The power source drives the conveyor belt to reversely move, the cloth clamping device moves downwards from top to bottom, and the fabric simultaneously enters the material receiving frame downwards;
(12) The reciprocating swinging device moves, and the fabrics are stacked regularly;
(13) The cloth clamping device reaches the origin, and the cloth pressing roller is loosened; then, the cloth clamping device is opened, and the fabric falls to the material collecting rack;
(14) And the operator takes out the fabric from the material collecting frame.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following outstanding and beneficial technical effects:
1. the invention changes the traditional horizontal type cutting machine into the vertical type structural design; thereby being capable of reducing the occupation of space; and by controlling the moving distance of the conveyor belt assembly, the cloth with set length is automatically cut according to the requirement by utilizing the cutting operation of the cutting device. The cloth cut in this way has good precision, avoids contact with the ground, and reduces pollution. Thereby being capable of adapting to the requirements of customized trend.
2. The cloth clamping device is arranged on the conveyor belt assembly, and can be transferred from one side of the machine body to the other side through the movement of the conveyor belt assembly, so that the adjustment range of the length of cloth cutting is increased, and the increase range is doubled.
3. The cutting machine is arranged at the top of the space, and the space of the top is utilized to realize the movement of the cutting machine in the space. Therefore, the position of the cutting machine can be conveniently moved according to actual conditions, and the cutting machine is particularly suitable for application scenes with particularly wide places.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is one of the simplified structural diagrams of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 1 at A;
FIG. 3 is a partial enlarged view at B in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a second schematic diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 4 at C;
fig. 6 is a partial enlarged view at D in fig. 1.
In the figure: 1-a machine body; 2-cloth clamping device; 3-distributing; 4-conveyor belt assembly; 5-a power source; 6-cutting device; 7-a conveyor belt; 8-a sliding device; 9-sliding rails; 10-a paper tube; 11-loosening cloth rollers; 12-cloth pressing rollers; 13, a material collecting frame; 14-cloth stacking device; 15-a control box; 16-foot switch; 17-cloth pressing cylinder; 18-a roller connecting frame; 19-a rear pressing plate; 20-an auxiliary pressing bar; 21-a front splint; 22-a rear clamping plate; 23-cloth clamping air cylinders; 41-a conveyor belt; 42-sprocket; 81-a slide plate; 82-mute roller; 91-factory floor ceiling; 111-cloth loosening motor; 121-a cloth pressing cylinder; 141-a linkage mechanism; 142-cloth stacking motor; 143-slide rail assembly.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described below with reference to specific examples.
Embodiment one: as shown in fig. 1-6, a cutting system comprises a plurality of cloth storage areas for storing cloth 3;
the cutting machine is used for cutting the cloth 3;
at least one sliding rail 9, wherein each sliding rail 9 is positioned at the top of the cloth storage area, and the track of the sliding rail 9 is matched with the distribution of the cloth storage area; and the sliding rail 9 is matched with a sliding device 8 of the cutting machine.
In this embodiment, the cutting system is particularly suitable for use in a large-area factory building, and there are a wide variety of cloths 3 in the customized demand. The cloth 3 is placed in different cloth storage areas respectively; the actual scene is similar to the cloth warehouse.
The cutting system has the advantages that the track of the sliding rail 9 can be designed according to the distribution of the cloth storage areas, and then the cutting machine is hung on the sliding rail 9, so that the cutting machine can be quickly and conveniently moved to a designated position.
The traditional operation mode is that the cutting machine is located at a certain fixed position, and a worker holds the cloth 3 to cut, so that time and labor are wasted. However, after the cutting system described in the present application, the cutting machine may be moved to quickly move. Thereby enabling improvement of production efficiency.
As a preferable technical scheme, the cutting system further comprises an organism driving system which is arranged on the slide rail 9 and acts on the cutting machine, and the organism driving system is used for driving the cutting machine to move on the slide rail 9; in this embodiment, the machine body driving system may be a roller driving method, a conveyor belt 41 driving method or a push rod driving method to drive the movement of the cutting machine. The related art may refer to the related art having publication No. CN 211392802U.
As a preferable technical scheme, the cutting system further comprises a control system, wherein the control system is used for sensing the position of the cutting machine and realizing automatic cloth cutting operation by controlling the start and stop of the cloth loosening device, the cloth stacking device 14, the cloth pressing device, the cloth clamping device 2 and the conveyor belt assembly 4 after the foot switch 16 is triggered. Thus, the control can be performed more intelligently. If the parameters of cutting are input according to the order situation, the cloth 3 can be automatically cut and folded. The worker only needs to wait for and take the material, and can cut other cloth by using the waiting gap, so that the working efficiency is further improved, and the time and the labor are saved.
The following specifically describes the relevant structure of the cutting machine:
a vertical cutting machine comprises a machine body 1;
the cloth clamping device 2 is arranged on the outer side of the machine body 1, and the cloth clamping device 2 is used for clamping the head of the cloth 3;
a conveyor belt assembly 4 provided on the machine body 1 and used for driving the cloth clamping device 2 to move along a vertical track; the conveyor belt assembly 4 is arranged between the machine body 1 and the cloth clamping device 2, and the cloth clamping device 2 is arranged on the conveyor belt assembly 4; the conveyor belt assembly 4 is used for driving the cloth clamping device 2 to move in the vertical direction; a power source 5, wherein the power source 5 is used for controlling the lifting distance of the conveyor belt assembly 4; that is, the conveyor belt assembly 4 is provided on the machine body 1 and is used for driving the cloth clamping device 2 to move along the vertical track.
And a cutting device 6, wherein the cutting device 6 is arranged at the lower side of the cloth clamping device 2, and the cutting device 6 is used for cutting the cloth 3 when the moving stroke of the cloth clamping device 2 reaches a set length.
The technical scheme specifically discloses a vertical cutting machine. Firstly, the existing cutting machines are all horizontal, and the cloth 3 is horizontally unfolded and horizontally laid. Such devices tend to be large in footprint and cumbersome and are suitable for mass production only in batches.
And the cloth clamping device 2 is driven by the driving device in the vertical direction, so that the vertical cutting machine is formed. Such a design occupies a small area and the device itself is small in size.
The machine body 1 refers to a collection of existing components of a cutting machine, such as sheet metal parts, wire pipelines and the like, which are used for realizing the functions of the cutting machine.
In the actual use process, the cloth clamping mechanism clamps cloth, and then the power source 5 drives the conveyor belt assembly 4 to move on a vertical plane; because the cloth clamping mechanism is arranged on the conveyor belt assembly 4, the cloth clamping mechanism can synchronously move with the conveyor belt assembly 4; therefore, the cloth clamping device 2 can pull the cloth 3 to move, and more cloth 3 is brought out; when a sufficient number of cloths 3 have been brought out, the power source 5 is deactivated and the conveyor belt assembly 4 is then deactivated, and the cutting device 6 cuts the cloth 3, so that a cloth 3 of a corresponding length is obtained.
In the cutting process, the cloth clamping device 2 still continuously clamps cloth, so that the cutting mechanism can cut the cloth more smoothly.
Next, the structure of the vertical track is specifically described, the vertical track comprises a vertically arranged conveyor belt assembly 4, and the power source 5 drives the conveyor belt assembly 4 to reciprocate; the cloth clamping device 2 is fixedly arranged on the conveyor belt assembly 4.
The structure of the specific conveyor belt assembly 4 is that the conveyor belt assembly 4 comprises a driving roller and a driven roller which are transversely arranged, wherein driving wheels are arranged on two sides of the driving roller, driven wheels are arranged on two sides of the driven roller, and the driving wheels and the driven wheels are transmitted through a conveyor belt 41; the cloth clamping device 2 is fixedly arranged on the conveyor belt 41.
In the present embodiment, the conveyor belt 41 may be a timing belt or a timing chain. Preferably a synchronous chain is used, where the driving and driven wheels are sprockets 42; in this embodiment, the number of the conveyor belts 41 is two, the number of the chain wheels 42 is two, and four, and the driving devices on the two sides of the machine body 1 are the same. For simplicity of expression, only one side of the device structure is described next.
Specifically, the two sprockets 42 are respectively arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the machine body 1, and if the two sprockets are in the same group, the sprockets should be on the same side; the conveyor belt 41 is sleeved outside the chain wheel 42, and the cloth clamping device 2 is arranged on the conveyor belt 41 and moves up and down along with the rotation of the chain wheel 42.
Such a structure specifically illustrates the structural design of the conveyor belt assembly 4, and the driving in the vertical direction is achieved by disposing two sprockets 42 on the upper and lower sides of the machine body 1. In this embodiment, therefore, the shape of the body 1 is also extended in the vertical direction.
Next, the structure of the cloth clamping device 2 is specifically described, the cloth clamping device 2 comprises a front clamping plate 21 and a rear clamping plate 22, a plurality of cloth clamping air cylinders 23 are arranged on the front clamping plate 21, and air cylinder rods on the cloth clamping air cylinders 23 penetrate through the front clamping plate 21 and are connected with the rear clamping plate 22; the cylinder body of the air cylinder is fixedly connected with the front clamping plate 21.
The working process of the cloth clamping mechanism is that the cylinder rod on the cloth clamping cylinder 23 stretches out to drive the rear clamping plate 22 to move out, so that the cloth 3 cannot be clamped at the moment; the cylinder rod is retracted, so that the distance between the front clamping plate 21 and the rear clamping plate 22 is reduced, and cloth clamping is realized. And the cylinder rod is required to pass through the front clamping plate 21, so that the front clamping plate 21 is not affected in the telescopic process. In addition, in the present embodiment, the number of the cloth clamping cylinders 23 is two, and the two cloth clamping cylinders are respectively arranged at the left side and the right side of the machine body 1, so that the cloth clamping effect is improved.
The connection between the cloth clamping device 2 and the conveyor belt assembly 4 will be described in detail. The rear clamping plate 22 is connected with the outer edge of the conveyor belt 41 through fasteners, and the size of the rear clamping plate 22 is matched with the chain link size of the conveyor belt 41, so that the cloth clamping device 2 can move from the front side of the machine body 1 to the rear side of the machine body 1 along with the conveyor belt 41.
That is, the vertical track includes an ascending track, a descending track and a top transition track, and the cloth clamping device 2 reaches the descending track through the top transition track, so that the moving stroke of the cloth clamping device 2 is increased, and both the ascending track and the descending track are vertically arranged.
In this embodiment, the size is small, the space utilization rate in the factory is high, and the cutting range is wide. Specifically, in this embodiment, the rear clamping plate 22 is connected to the outer edge of the sprocket 42 through fasteners, so that the cloth clamping device 2 can move along with the conveyor belt 41; in this embodiment, the structure of the belt 41 and the sprocket 42 further enables the belt 41 to have a circulating motion. So that the cloth clamping device 2 can move from the front side of the machine body 1 to the lower side (i.e. the rear side of the machine body 1) along with the conveyor belt 41 from the upper side (i.e. the front side of the machine body 1) through the top transition track. The cutting range is doubled.
Thus, in this embodiment, after the cloth clamping device 2 moves to the rear side of the machine body 1, the sprocket 42 turns over to drive the cloth clamping mechanism on the conveyor belt 41 to return to the front side of the machine body 1 and stop working.
The conveyor belt 41 and the cloth clamping mechanism are specifically connected in a way that the conveyor belt 41 is provided with chain links, the outer edges of the chain links are provided with holes in a forming mode, the rear clamping plate 22 is also provided with corresponding holes, and the two holes are sequentially penetrated through by fasteners to realize connection. The size of the conveyor belt 41 and the size of the rear clamping plate 22 need to be set so as to conform to the steered position as well as to move smoothly.
Preferably, the outer side of the conveyor belt assembly 4 is covered with a conveyor belt 7, the cloth clamping device 2 is positioned on the outer side of the conveyor belt 7, and the cloth clamping device 2, the conveyor belt 7 and the conveyor belt assembly 4 synchronously rotate. The conveyor belt 7 described in the present embodiment is in a positional relationship with the conveyor belt 41. However, in this embodiment, the cloth clamping device 2 and the conveying belt 7 rotate synchronously, so that the whole process is smoother and more consistent when the cloth clamping device moves upwards, and the running stability of the equipment is improved. The specific implementation mode can be that the outer edges of the two conveyor belts 41 are covered with the conveyor belt 7, then the cloth clamping mechanism is arranged on the conveyor belt 7, and then the conveyor belt 7 and the rear clamping plate 22 sequentially penetrate through the conveyor belts 41 through fasteners, so that connection is finally achieved.
Also in this example, the conveyor belt assembly 4 is implemented with (1) a combination of a timing belt and a conveyor belt 7; (2) a conveyor belt 7+ synchronous chain; (3) the conveyor belt 7 may be a plurality of conveyor belts 41 densely arranged, and then a synchronous belt or a synchronous chain is matched. The second is used in this embodiment.
Preferably, the inside of the conveyor belt 7 is provided with an electrostatic generator for generating a tendency for the cloth 3 to adhere to the conveyor belt. Thus, the cloth clamping device 2 can be smoother when pulling the cloth 3, and shaking is reduced.
In addition, in the present embodiment, the electrostatic generator is used to make the cloth be adsorbed on the surface of the conveyer belt, but the cloth clamping device is required to clamp the cloth to move upwards. Therefore, in practical use, the parameter setting on the adsorption force of the static generator is preferable to reduce cloth shaking and not influence the movement of the cloth clamping device.
Therefore, in actual use, the cloth is not required to be strictly attached to the conveying belt in the moving process, and only the shaking reduction aim can be realized.
The connection mode of the cutting machine and the sliding rail 9 is specifically described, the upper end of the machine body 1 is provided with a sliding device 8, and the sliding device 8 is used for being matched with the external sliding rail 9 to realize the integral movement of the cutting machine;
the sliding device 8 comprises two sliding plates 81 which are oppositely arranged, and a sliding groove matched with the sliding rail 9 is formed between the two sliding plates 81; the upper end of the sliding plate 81 is provided with a mute roller 82, and the mute roller 82 acts on the sliding rail 9. The sliding is achieved by the cooperation of the roller 82 with the slide rail 9. As shown in fig. 4 to 5, the slide rail 9 has a triangular shape, and the roller 82 rolls by acting on both left and right sides of the slide rail 9.
Preferably, the existing cloth 3 is rolled into a finished product, which has a cylindrical hole inside for placing the paper tube 10. Such a cloth will have better strength and a more rounded surface shape.
The cloth loosening device comprises two cloth loosening rollers 11, wherein the cloth loosening rollers 11 are positioned at the lower end of the cloth loosening device, and the cloth loosening rollers 11 are used for outputting cloth 3 through rotation; in the embodiment, the loose cloth roller 11 is in a cylindrical shape with a long strip shape, so that the loose cloth roller can be attached with the cloth 3; in practice, the cloth is placed between the two cloth loosening rollers 11, and the cloth 3 is output by the friction between the outer edge of the cloth loosening roller 11 and the cloth, so that the distance between the two cloth loosening rollers 11 is as close as possible, and the cloth 3 can still have an effect on the cloth 3 in the process of gradually reducing. And one end of at least one cloth loosening roller 11 is provided with a cloth loosening motor 111, through which the cloth loosening roller 11 is driven to rotate.
The cloth pressing device comprises two cloth pressing rollers 12, the cutting device 6 is positioned between the two cloth pressing rollers 12, and the cloth pressing device is used for pressing the cloth 3 when the cutting device 6 works; the cloth pressing device comprises a cloth pressing cylinder 17, a roller connecting plate 18 and a rear pressing plate 19 in addition to the cloth pressing roller 12, wherein the cloth pressing cylinder 17 is fixed on the roller connecting plate 18, and a cylinder rod of the cloth pressing cylinder 17 acts on the roller connecting plate 18 to drive the roller connecting plate 18 to move by utilizing the expansion and contraction of the cylinder rod as shown in fig. 6; the cloth pressing roller 12 is arranged on a roller connecting plate 18; meanwhile, a yielding groove for the cutting device 6 to pass through is arranged between the roller connecting plate 18 and the rear pressing plate 19.
The cutting device 6 in this embodiment has a similar structure to a sliding cutter on a cloth loosening machine, and reference may be made to the patent technology with the patent number 201920110241. X for specific structure.
The material receiving frame 13 is positioned at the lower end of the cloth loosening device, and the material receiving frame 13 is used for receiving the cloth 3 cut by the cutting device 6; the cloth stacking device 14 is positioned in the material receiving frame 13, the cloth stacking device 14 is provided with a reciprocating swinging device, and the upper end of the reciprocating swinging device is provided with a tray which is used for receiving the cloth 3. That is, the cloth stacking device 14 comprises a reciprocating tray for receiving the cloth 3 cut by the cutting device 6; the bottom of the tray is provided with a reciprocating swing mechanism.
The reciprocating swinging device in this embodiment is a linkage 141, and a cloth stacking motor 142 is disposed at the lower end of the linkage 141, where the cloth stacking motor 142 is used to drive the linkage 141 to swing so as to implement reciprocating motion. Thus, the user can directly take the folded cloth 3, and the user can conveniently take the cloth. A sliding rail component is arranged below the tray, and the sliding rail component 143 is hinged with the link mechanism 141.
The control box 15 is positioned on one side of the machine body 1, and the control box 15 is used for controlling the start and stop of the cloth loosening device, the cloth stacking device 14, the cloth pressing device, the cloth clamping device 2 and the conveyor belt assembly 4; the foot switch 16, the foot switch 16 is located the downside of organism 1, and the foot is opened and is used for touching the start-stop of hairpin cloth device 2.
The specific structure of the vertical cutter has been described above. Next, an intelligent cloth cutting method based on the vertical cutting machine and the cutting system will be specifically described.
The current situation and general steps of the existing cutting are introduced. In the production process of products such as clothing, home textiles, sofas, car seats and the like, a common link is that before the product parts are cut, the whole roll of fabric is placed on specific equipment according to the production plan dosage, cut according to the plan length and a plurality of layers or single layers are orderly laid on a cutting table.
At present, a plurality of fabric cutting devices such as automatic cloth paving machines exist in the market, and through reciprocating motion, the whole roll of fabric can be quickly and orderly paved on a cutting table according to a set size and cut off until the whole roll of fabric is pulled out.
And for example, an automatic cloth inspecting machine can be used for inspecting color difference and cloth times of the whole roll of fabric, meanwhile, the total length of the whole roll of fabric can be measured through a code reader arranged on equipment, and if required, the machine can be stopped at any time, and the required fabric is sheared off by a cutting knife or a pair of scissors.
And the fabric loosening machine can be used for loosening the whole roll of fabric, and can be stopped at any time if required, and the required fabric is sheared by a cutting knife or a pair of scissors.
The equipment is widely applied in the production link of fabric cutting, but has advantages and disadvantages, and the cloth inspecting machine can inspect the flaws of the fabric and measure the length of the fabric, but has no automatic cutting function; the cloth loosening machine has only one function of loosening cloth, and is the least cost-effective equipment in terms of cost performance.
Corresponding to the equipment, the current common practice is that 1, warehouse personnel receive order orders, 2, check length records on the cloth, measure the required length of the cloth with tape measure or wooden ruler after taking out the cloth, 3, cut off the cloth with manual scissors, 4, calculate the surplus length of the rest cloth, write or print labels, paste on the cloth, put back in place, 5, manually fold the cut cloth in order, 6, write or print labels of order information, paste on the cloth, 7, send to the cutting workshop to be cut. This conventional method has the following disadvantages:
1. the length of the fabric is manually measured, so that dimensional errors are easy to occur, and waste is caused by overlong and too short;
2. the manual scissors cutting is easy to cause oblique cutting, so that the fabric is wasted;
3. the efficiency of manually folding the fabric is low;
4. the high-grade fabric is placed on the ground to be measured, and the fabric is dirty due to ground stains and the treading of soles of operators.
Based on the defects, the method comprises the following steps:
(1) According to the layout of fabric shelves and the floor height of a customer warehouse, a transmission slide rail 9 and a sliding device 8 are arranged, and a vertical cutting machine is arranged on the upper slide rail 9 through the sliding device 8;
(2) The cutting machine is moved to a specified cloth storage area to operate through the cooperation of the sliding rail 9 and the sliding device 8;
(3) An order display module is arranged on the control box 15; according to the order requirement, inputting parameters of cloth cutting on the control box 15 according to the parameters displayed on the order display module;
(4) Placing appointed fabrics to be cut on the cloth loosening roller;
(5) Judging whether the cloth clamping device 2 is at the original position at present or not; if yes, the next step is carried out; if not, driving the cloth clamping device 2 to reset;
(6) Manually pulling the output fabric to the fabric clamping device 2, stepping on the foot switch 16, and clamping the fabric by the fabric clamping device 2;
(7) Pressing a start key at the control box 15, pressing the fabric by the fabric pressing roller 12, and driving the fabric clamping device 2 and the conveying belt to move upwards by the power source 5 through the conveying belt 41; at this time, the cloth is fed out by forward rotation of the cloth loosening roller 11; meanwhile, an electrostatic generator on the conveying belt works to adsorb the fabric on the conveying belt, so that the fabric is ensured not to shake;
(8) The conveyor belt 41 and the cloth loosening roller 11 stop running at the same time when the cutting length set by the fabric is reached;
(9) The electrotome of the cutting device 6 works to transversely cut off the fabric;
(10) The cloth loosening roller 11 reversely rotates to retract the cloth into the excessive fabric;
(11) The conveyor belt 41 moves reversely, the cloth clamping device 2 moves downwards from top to bottom, and the fabric simultaneously enters the material receiving frame 13 downwards;
(12) The reciprocating swinging device moves, and the fabrics are stacked regularly;
(13) The cloth clamping device 2 reaches the original point, and the cloth pressing roller 12 is loosened; then, the cloth clamping device 2 is opened, and the fabric falls to the material collecting frame 13;
(14) The operator takes out the fabric from the material receiving frame 13.
The method realizes full automation and can adapt to the customization requirement. And the transfer is convenient, the maneuvering performance is good, and the method is particularly suitable for the working environment of a large factory.
Embodiment two: this embodiment is substantially identical to embodiment one, except that: in this embodiment, the conveyor belt 41 and the conveyor belt 7 are rotated out of synchronization. The conveyor belt is only positionally outside the conveyor belt 41, but the conveyor belt is rotated in synchronism with the cloth clamping mechanism without being aged. The design structure is simpler than that of the first embodiment, and the design is more stable.
Working principle: firstly, cloth 3 is placed on a cloth loosening device, the cloth loosening device moves under the action of a cloth loosening motor, and at the moment, the cloth 3 is loosened under the action of the cloth loosening device. Then the head end of the cloth 3 is manually put into a cloth clamping mechanism, and the head of the cloth 3 is clamped by the cloth clamping mechanism. The clamping mechanism is lifted up by the drive belt 41. At this time, the cloth loosening device continues to discharge, and when the cloth loosening device is released to the set length, the cloth cutting mechanism is used for cutting cloth. The cloth clamping mechanism descends, and in the descending process, the material receiving frame 13 swings back and forth to realize cloth folding. Then the cloth clamping mechanism loosens the cloth 3 again, the cloth 3 falls into the material collecting frame 13, and finally the folded cloth 3 with the determined length is obtained.
The above embodiments are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention in this way, therefore: all equivalent changes in structure, shape and principle of the invention should be covered in the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (7)

1. A vertical cutting machine, which is characterized by comprising a machine body (1);
the cloth clamping device (2) is arranged on the outer side of the machine body (1), and the cloth clamping device (2) is used for clamping the head of the cloth (3);
the power source (5) is arranged on the machine body (1) and is used for driving the cloth clamping device (2) to move along the vertical track;
a cutting device (6) which is arranged at the lower side of the machine body (1); when the moving stroke of the cloth clamping device (2) reaches a set length, the cutting device (6) cuts the cloth (3);
the vertical track comprises a vertically arranged conveyor belt assembly (4), and the power source (5) drives the conveyor belt assembly (4) to reciprocate;
the conveyor belt assembly comprises a conveyor belt (41), and the cloth clamping device (2) is fixedly arranged on the conveyor belt, so that the cloth clamping device (2) can move from the front side of the machine body (1) to the rear side of the machine body (1) along with the conveyor belt (41);
the upper end of the machine body (1) is provided with a sliding device (8), and the sliding device (8) is used for being matched with an external sliding rail (9) to realize the integral movement of the cutting machine;
the sliding device (8) comprises two sliding plates (81) which are oppositely arranged, and a sliding groove matched with the sliding rail (9) is formed between the two sliding plates (81); the upper end of the sliding plate (81) is provided with a mute roller (82), and the mute roller (82) acts on the sliding rail (9);
the vertical cutter further comprises:
the cloth loosening device comprises two cloth loosening rollers (11), and cloth is placed between the two cloth loosening rollers (11); when the cloth loosening roller (11) rotates, cloth (3) is output through friction between the outer edge of the cloth loosening roller (11) and the cloth;
the cloth pressing device comprises two cloth pressing rollers (12) and a rear pressing plate (19), and a space for cloth to move is arranged between the cloth pressing rollers (12) and the rear pressing plate (19); the cloth cutting device (6) is positioned between the two cloth pressing rollers (12), and the cloth pressing device is used for pressing the cloth (3) on the rear pressing plate (19) through the cloth pressing rollers (12) when the cutting device (6) works;
the cloth stacking device (14) is positioned at the lower end of the cloth loosening device, and the cloth stacking device (14) comprises a tray which moves back and forth and is used for receiving the cloth (3) cut by the cutting device (6); the bottom of the tray is provided with a reciprocating swing mechanism.
2. The vertical cutter of claim 1, wherein: the conveyor belt assembly (4) comprises a driving roller and a driven roller which are transversely arranged, driving wheels are arranged on two sides of the driving roller, driven wheels are arranged on two sides of the driven roller, and the driving wheels and the driven wheels are in transmission through the conveyor belt (41).
3. The vertical cutter according to claim 1 or 2, wherein: the cloth clamping device (2) comprises a front clamping plate (21) and a rear clamping plate (22), a plurality of cloth clamping air cylinders (23) are arranged on the front clamping plate (21), and air cylinder rods on the cloth clamping air cylinders (23) penetrate through the front clamping plate (21) and are connected with the rear clamping plate (22); the cylinder body of the air cylinder is fixedly connected with the front clamping plate (21).
4. The vertical cutter of claim 1, wherein: the outside of conveyer belt subassembly (4) is covered with conveyer belt (7), press from both sides cloth device (2) and be located the outside of conveyer belt (7), press from both sides cloth device (2), conveyer belt (7) and conveyer belt subassembly (4) synchronous rotation.
5. The vertical cutter of claim 4, wherein: an electrostatic generator is arranged on the inner side of the conveying belt (7) and is used for enabling the cloth (3) to be attached to the conveying belt (7).
6. A cutting system, characterized by: comprising a cutting machine according to any one of claims 1-5;
and also comprises
A plurality of cloth storage areas, wherein the cloth storage areas are used for storing cloth (3);
at least one sliding rail (9), wherein each sliding rail (9) is positioned at the top of the storage area of the cloth (3), and the track of each sliding rail (9) is matched with the distribution of the storage area of the cloth (3); and the sliding rail (9) is matched with the sliding device (8).
7. An intelligent cloth cutting method based on the cutting system of claim 6, which is characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
(1) According to the layout of fabric shelves and the floor height of a customer warehouse, the sliding rail (9) and the sliding device (8) are installed, and the vertical cutting machine is installed on the sliding rail (9) through the sliding device (8);
(2) The cutting machine is moved to a storage area of the appointed cloth (3) for operation through the cooperation of the sliding rail (9) and the sliding device (8);
(3) An order display module is arranged on the control box (15); according to the order requirement, inputting parameters of cloth cutting on a control box (15) according to parameters displayed on an order display module;
(4) Placing appointed fabrics to be cut on the cloth loosening roller;
(5) Judging whether the cloth clamping device (2) is at the original point position or not; if yes, the next step is carried out; if not, driving the cloth clamping device (2) to reset;
(6) Manually pulling the output fabric to a fabric clamping device (2), stepping on a foot switch (16), and clamping the fabric by the fabric clamping device (2);
(7) The start key is pressed at the control box (15), and the power source (5) drives the cloth clamping device (2) and the conveying belt (7) to move upwards through the conveying belt (41); at the moment, the cloth is sent out by forward rotation of the cloth loosening roller (11); meanwhile, an electrostatic generator on the conveyer belt (7) works to adsorb the fabric on the conveyer belt (7) so as to ensure that the fabric cannot shake;
(8) The conveyor belt (41) and the cloth loosening roller (11) stop running at the same time when the cutting length set by the fabric is reached;
(9) The cloth pressing cylinder (121) drives the cloth pressing roller (12) to extend out and press the fabric, and an electrotome of the cutting device (6) works to transversely cut off the fabric; then the cloth pressing cylinder (121) drives the cloth pressing roller (12) to retract and loosen the fabric;
(10) The cloth loosening roller (11) reversely rotates to retract the cloth inwards to form redundant fabrics;
(11) The power source (5) drives the conveyor belt (41) to reversely move, the cloth clamping device (2) moves downwards from top to bottom, and the fabric simultaneously enters the material receiving frame (13) downwards;
(12) The reciprocating swing mechanism moves, and the fabrics are stacked regularly;
(13) The cloth clamping device (2) reaches the origin; then, the cloth clamping device (2) is opened, and the fabric falls to the material collecting frame (13);
(14) And the operator takes out the fabric from the material collecting frame (13).
CN202011193546.5A 2020-10-30 2020-10-30 Vertical cutting machine, cutting system and intelligent cloth cutting method Active CN112176713B (en)

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CN114148814A (en) * 2021-11-23 2022-03-08 陕西百年新业纺织品有限公司 Fabric cutting equipment and fabric cutting process thereof

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CN2799224Y (en) * 2004-12-03 2006-07-26 双喜轮胎工业股份有限公司 Vertical cord fabric cutting machine
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CN205046399U (en) * 2015-10-10 2016-02-24 施益明 Machine is tailor to two section full -automatic lift suspension types
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CN214271447U (en) * 2020-10-30 2021-09-24 浙江衣拿智能科技股份有限公司 Vertical cutting machine and cutting system

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