CN112137820A - Medical orthopedics device of changing dressings - Google Patents

Medical orthopedics device of changing dressings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112137820A
CN112137820A CN202011151397.6A CN202011151397A CN112137820A CN 112137820 A CN112137820 A CN 112137820A CN 202011151397 A CN202011151397 A CN 202011151397A CN 112137820 A CN112137820 A CN 112137820A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
roller
sleeve
chain
rack
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Granted
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CN202011151397.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112137820B (en
Inventor
刘明娟
陈健
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Individual
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Individual
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Publication of CN112137820A publication Critical patent/CN112137820A/en
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Publication of CN112137820B publication Critical patent/CN112137820B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G12/00Accommodation for nursing, e.g. in hospitals, not covered by groups A61G1/00 - A61G11/00, e.g. trolleys for transport of medicaments or food; Prescription lists
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M35/00Devices for applying media, e.g. remedies, on the human body
    • A61M35/20Non-portable devices, e.g. spraying booths

Abstract

The invention discloses a medical orthopedic dressing change device which comprises a base, wherein a tray is arranged at the top of the base, a liquid medicine box, a maneuvering bin and a waste liquid box are arranged inside the base, a sleeve is arranged at the top of the base, a first spring is arranged inside the sleeve, a placing plate is arranged at the top of the sleeve, and a fixing plate penetrating into the maneuvering bin is arranged at the bottom of the sleeve. According to the invention, the gravity block rotates clockwise along with the descending of the mounting rack, when a patient stops pressing the placing plate, the gravity block can move downwards under the action of gravity and drive the chain to continue to move clockwise, the chain drives the sixth gear and the rotating rod to rotate, the rotating rod rotates under the action of the ratchet wheel and the ratchet teeth, so that the placing plate cannot rise, meanwhile, the chain has a long enough distance to enable the gravity block to descend for a certain time, and the first roller and the second roller can conveniently press the placing plate to continue to apply medicine to the patient when the patient stops pressing the placing plate.

Description

Medical orthopedics device of changing dressings
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of medical equipment, in particular to a medical orthopedic dressing change device.
Background
The orthopedic patients need to change the dressing frequently after the operation, the treatment speed of the patients can be accelerated by changing the dressing, the treatment effect of the patients is improved, and the pain of the patients is relieved.
But current medical orthopedics device of changing dressings can not be applicable to the family and uses, and when the patient went home from the hospital and two affected limbs of patient were all injured, patient oneself alone can not change dressings alone, leads to patient's family members often to need supplementary patient to change dressings, has wasted more time and manpower, and the result of use is not good.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a medical orthopedic dressing change device to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a medical orthopedics dressing change device comprises a base, wherein a tray is arranged at the top of the base, a liquid medicine box, a motorized bin and a waste liquid box are arranged inside the base, a sleeve is arranged at the top of the base, a first spring is arranged inside the sleeve, a placing plate is arranged at the top of the sleeve, a fixing plate penetrating into the motorized bin is arranged at the bottom of the sleeve, a first rack is arranged at the bottom of the fixing plate, a switch is arranged on one side of the inner wall of the motorized bin, one end of the inner wall of the motorized bin is connected with a first gear in a hinged mode through a pin shaft, the first gear is matched with the first rack, one end of the first gear is fixedly connected with a second gear through a rotating shaft, a second rack is arranged on one side of the second gear, a mounting frame is arranged at the top of the second rack, a first rolling shaft is arranged inside the mounting frame, and a first roller and a second roller are arranged at the middle position, one end of the first rolling shaft is connected with a first conical gear, one side of the first rolling shaft in the mounting frame is provided with a second rolling shaft, the outer side of the second rolling shaft is provided with a second conical gear matched with the first conical gear, one end of the second rolling shaft is connected with a third gear, the outer side of the third gear is provided with a chain, one end of the second gear is fixedly connected with a fourth gear, the bottom of the fourth gear is provided with a third rack, one side of the top of the third rack is provided with a fifth gear, one end of the fifth gear is fixedly connected with a sleeve, a rotating rod is arranged in the sleeve, one end of the rotating rod is connected with a sixth gear, the sixth gear is positioned in the chain, the inner wall of the sleeve is provided with ratchet teeth, the outer side of the rotating rod is provided with a ratchet wheel matched with the ratchet teeth, and the bottom of the rear surface of the base is hinged with a supporting rod through a pin, and one side of branch is provided with the second spring, the top of branch is connected with the seventh gear through the round pin axle is articulated, and the seventh gear is located the inside of chain, the outside fixedly connected with gravity piece of chain.
Preferably, the water pump is installed at the top of spray tank, and the input of water pump is connected with the feed liquor pipe that runs through to spray tank inside, the output of water pump is connected with the drain pipe.
Preferably, a heater is arranged in the middle of the liquid outlet pipe, and a spray head is arranged at one end of the liquid outlet pipe.
Preferably, the top of waste liquid case is provided with the waste liquid pipeline that runs through to tray inside, one side of waste liquid case is provided with the discharge gate.
Preferably, the bottom of the placing plate is provided with a corrugated pipe at the outer side of the sleeve, and the outer side of the corrugated pipe is provided with an antifouling surface coating.
Preferably, the outsides of the first roller and the second roller are both provided with foam-rubber cushions, the outsides of the foam-rubber cushions are provided with films, and the outsides of the films are provided with bandages.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the invention, the first rack arranged on the lower part can drive the second rack to descend so as to drive the mounting rack to move downwards, and the radius of the second gear is half of that of the first gear, so that when the first gear rotates for one circle, the second gear can rotate for two circles, so that when the first rack descends for a certain distance, the second rack can descend for twice the same distance, and further the descending speed of the mounting rack is higher than that of the placing plate.
2. When the mounting rack is arranged to descend, the second spring can push the support rod to incline, so that the seventh gear is inclined, the chain is in a tight state, meanwhile, the gravity block outside the chain can rotate clockwise along with the descending of the mounting rack, when the first roller and the second roller contact affected limbs of a patient, the gravity block reaches the right side of the chain, if the patient stops pressing the placing plate at the moment or within a next period of time, the gravity block can move downwards under the action of gravity and drive the chain to continue to move clockwise, the chain drives the sixth gear and the rotating rod to rotate, under the action of the ratchet and the ratchet, the rotating rod only drives the ratchet to rotate clockwise, the sleeve cannot be rotated, the placing plate cannot be lifted, and meanwhile, the chain has a long enough distance to enable the gravity block to descend for a certain time, and then make the inside third gear of chain can last a period of clockwise rotation, and then make things convenient for first cylinder and second cylinder to stop pressing to place and continue to rotate a period of time behind the board at the patient, make things convenient for the patient to make first cylinder and second cylinder continue to roll and scribble the medicine after stopping pressing to place the board.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic front view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic side view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the backside structure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a first roller according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a showerhead according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a connection structure of a second gear and a fourth gear according to the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the sleeve and the rotary rod of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a base; 2. a tray; 3. a liquid medicine box; 4. a motorized bin; 5. a waste liquid tank; 6. a waste liquid conduit; 7. a sleeve; 8. a first spring; 9. a bellows; 10. placing the plate; 11. a fixing plate; 12. a switch; 13. a first rack; 14. a first gear; 15. a second gear; 16. a second rack; 17. a mounting frame; 18. a first roller; 19. a first drum; 20. a second drum; 21. a first bevel gear; 22. a second roller; 23. a second bevel gear; 24. a ratchet; 25. a ratchet wheel; 26. a third gear; 27. a chain; 28. a fourth gear; 29. a third rack; 30. a fifth gear; 31. a sleeve; 32. a rotating rod; 33. a sixth gear; 34. a strut; 35. a second spring; 36. a seventh gear; 37. a gravity block; 38. a water pump; 39. a liquid inlet pipe; 40. a liquid outlet pipe; 41. a heater; 42. a spray head; 43. a sponge cushion; 44. a film; 45. a bandage.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-7, an embodiment of the present invention is shown: a medical orthopedics dressing change device comprises a base 1, a tray 2 is arranged at the top of the base 1, a liquid medicine box 3, a mobile bin 4 and a waste liquid box 5 are arranged inside the base 1, a sleeve 7 is arranged at the top of the base 1, a first spring 8 is arranged inside the sleeve 7, a placing plate 10 is arranged at the top of the sleeve 7, a fixing plate 11 penetrating into the mobile bin 4 is arranged at the bottom of the sleeve 7, a first rack 13 is arranged at the bottom of the fixing plate 11, a switch 12 is arranged at one side of the inner wall of the mobile bin 4, a first gear 14 is hinged to one end of the inner wall of the mobile bin 4 through a pin shaft, the first gear 14 is matched with the first rack 13, a second gear 15 is fixedly connected to one end of the first gear 14 through a rotating shaft, a second rack 16 is arranged at one side of the second gear 15, a mounting rack 17 is arranged at the top of the second rack 16, a first rolling shaft, a first roller 19 and a second roller 20 are arranged in the middle of the first roller 18, one end of the first roller 18 is connected with a first bevel gear 21, a second roller 22 is arranged at one side of the first roller 18 in the mounting frame 17, a second bevel gear 23 matched with the first bevel gear 21 is arranged at the outer side of the second roller 22, one end of the second roller 22 is connected with a third gear 26, a chain 27 is arranged at the outer side of the third gear 26, one end of the second gear 15 is fixedly connected with a fourth gear 28, a third rack 29 is arranged at the bottom of the fourth gear 28, a fifth gear 30 is arranged at one side of the top of the third rack 29, a sleeve 31 is fixedly connected with one end of the fifth gear 30, a rotating rod 32 is arranged in the sleeve 31, one end of the rotating rod 32 is connected with a sixth gear 33, the sixth gear 33 is arranged in the chain 27, a ratchet 24 is arranged on the inner wall of the sleeve 31, the outer side of the rotating rod 32 is provided with a ratchet 25 matched with the ratchet 24, the bottom of the rear surface of the base 1 is hinged with a support rod 34 through a pin shaft, one side of the support rod 34 is provided with a second spring 35, the top of the support rod 34 is hinged with a seventh gear 36 through a pin shaft, the seventh gear 36 is positioned in the chain 27, and the outer side of the chain 27 is fixedly connected with a gravity block 37.
According to the invention, when the mounting frame 17 is arranged to descend, the second spring 35 can push the support rod 34 to incline, so that the seventh gear 36 inclines, the chain 27 is in a tight state, meanwhile, the gravity block 37 outside the chain 27 can rotate clockwise along with the descending of the mounting frame 17, when the first roller 19 and the second roller 20 contact affected limbs of a patient, the gravity block 37 reaches the right side of the chain 27, if the patient stops pressing the placing plate 10 at this time or within a next period of time, the gravity block 37 can move downwards under the action of gravity and drive the chain 27 to continue to move clockwise, the chain 27 drives the sixth gear 33 and the rotating rod 32 to rotate, and under the action of the ratchet wheel 25 and the ratchet teeth 24, the rotating rod 32 only drives the ratchet wheel 25 to rotate clockwise, the sleeve 31 cannot rotate, the placing plate 10 cannot rise, and meanwhile, the chain 27 has a long enough distance to enable the gravity block 37 to descend for a certain time, and further the third gear 26 inside the chain 27 can rotate clockwise for a period of time, so that the first roller 19 and the second roller 20 can rotate for a period of time after the patient stops pressing the placing board 10, and the patient can continue to roll the first roller 19 and the second roller 20 for applying the medicine after the patient stops pressing the placing board 10.
Please refer to fig. 1 and 3, a water pump 38 is installed on the top of the liquid medicine box 3, an input end of the water pump 38 is connected to a liquid inlet pipe 39 penetrating the liquid medicine box 3, an output end of the water pump 38 is connected to a liquid outlet pipe 40, a heater 41 is disposed in the middle of the liquid outlet pipe 40, and a nozzle 42 is disposed at one end of the liquid outlet pipe 40.
This kind of medical orthopedics device of changing dressings can heat the liquid medicine through the heater 41 that sets up, avoids the liquid medicine that the temperature is low excessively to cause secondary injury to patient's affected limb.
Please refer to fig. 1 and 3, a waste liquid pipe 6 penetrating into the tray 2 is disposed at the top of the waste liquid tank 5, and a discharge hole is disposed at one side of the waste liquid tank 5.
This kind of medical orthopedics device of changing dressings is convenient for collect the waste liquid through the waste liquid case 5 that sets up, more facilitates the use.
Please refer to fig. 1, 2 and 3, the bottom of the placing plate 10 is provided with a bellows 9 at the outer side of the sleeve 7, and the outer side of the bellows 9 is provided with an antifouling surface coating.
This kind of medical orthopedics device of changing dressings does not influence sleeve 7's flexible through bellows 9 that sets up, and antifouling surface coating has dampproofing characteristics simultaneously: the coating can keep objects dry, and a lot of liquid such as water is difficult to absorb; has the characteristics of corrosion resistance: because the water and the moisture in the air do not really touch the surface of the coated object, the corrosion to the object can be reduced to the maximum extent; has the characteristics of freeze prevention: the surface of the object is dry and has no moisture, so the object cannot be frozen; has the characteristics of pollution prevention: due to the protection of the toilet surface coating, the pollution of dust, dirt, water, other liquid containing bacteria or corrosion and the like can be greatly reduced or eliminated, and even the toilet surface coating can not be stained on an object; has the self-cleaning characteristic: the water-proof and oil-proof cleaning agent is clean and sterile, and can remove dust, dirt and the like left on the surface of a protected object by using a little water or air flow.
Referring again to fig. 1, 3 and 4, the first roller 19 and the second roller 20 are each provided with a foam pad 43 on the outside thereof, and a film 44 is provided on the outside of the foam pad 43, and a bandage 45 is provided on the outside of the film 44.
This kind of medical orthopedics device of changing dressings can absorb the liquid medicine through the first cylinder 19 that sets up, and the patient of being convenient for scribbles the medicine, and second cylinder 20 is then for clean cylinder, and the patient of being convenient for scribbles and wipes after having scribbled the medicine, and is convenient handy.
The working principle is as follows: when the device is used, the family members of the patients put the liquid medicine into the liquid medicine box 3, the patients place the affected limbs on the placing plate 10, then the patients press the placing plate 10 downwards by using the parts which are not injured, the sleeves 7 can be driven to move downwards by the arranged placing plate 10, the sleeves 7 drive the fixing plates 11 and the first racks 13 to move downwards, the fixing plates 11 trigger the switch 12 after descending to a certain distance, the water pump 38 is started at the moment, a certain amount of liquid medicine in the liquid medicine box 3 is pumped into the liquid outlet pipe 40 by the water pump 38 and then is sprayed out by the spray head 42, the spray head 42 only can drip the liquid medicine and can not spray the liquid medicine due to the pressure reducing valve arranged in the liquid outlet pipe 40, so that the bandage 45 on the first roller 19 can fully absorb the liquid medicine, meanwhile, the first racks 13 are matched with the first gear 14, and the first gear 14 is matched with the second gear 15, the second gear 15 drives the second rack 16 to move downwards, the second rack 16 drives the mounting rack 17 to move downwards, because the radius of the second gear 15 is half of the radius of the first gear 14, when the first gear 14 rotates for one circle, the second gear 15 can rotate for two circles, so that when the first rack 13 descends for a certain distance, the second rack 16 can descend for twice the same distance, and further the descending speed of the mounting rack 17 is always faster than that of the placing plate 10, so that the first roller 19 and the second roller 20 can contact the affected limb of the patient, meanwhile, the second gear 15 also drives the fourth gear 28 to rotate when rotating, under the action of the third rack 29, the fourth gear 28 drives the fifth gear 30 and the sixth gear 33 to rotate, the sixth gear 33 drives the chain 27 to rotate, so that the third gear 26 drives the second roller 22 to rotate, and the second roller 22 drives the second bevel gear 23 to rotate, the second bevel gear 23 and the first bevel gear 21 are mutually matched, so that the first bevel gear 21 can drive the first roller 18 to rotate, and further the first roller 19 and the second roller 20 can rotate, when the mounting rack 17 descends, the second spring 35 can push the support rod 34 to incline, and further the seventh gear 36 inclines, so that the chain 27 is in a tight state, meanwhile, the gravity block 37 outside the chain 27 can rotate clockwise along with the descending of the mounting rack 17, when the first roller 19 and the second roller 20 contact the affected limb of the patient, the gravity block 37 has already reached the right side of the chain 27, if at this time or in the next period of time, the patient stops pressing the placing board 10, the gravity block 37 can move downwards under the action of gravity and drive the chain 27 to continue to move clockwise, the chain 27 drives the sixth gear 33 to rotate, the sixth gear 33 drives the rotating rod 32 to rotate, under the action of the ratchet wheel 25 and the ratchet 24, the rotating rod 32 only drives the ratchet wheel 25 to rotate clockwise, which does not cause the sleeve 31 to rotate, and further does not cause the placing plate 10 to rise, and the chain 27 has a sufficient distance to enable the gravity block 37 to descend for a certain time, so that the third gear 26 inside the chain 27 can continuously rotate clockwise for a period of time, and further facilitates the first roller 19 and the second roller 20 to continuously rotate for a period of time after the patient stops pressing the placing plate 10, thereby facilitating the first roller 19 and the second roller 20 to roll and apply the medicine, after the use is completed, the placing plate 10 can be continuously pressed for many times, so that the gravity block 37 can clockwise move to the top of the left side of the chain 27, which is convenient for the next continuous use, and meanwhile, under the action of the ratchet wheel 25, the gravity block 37 cannot drive the chain 27 to rotate counterclockwise, therefore, the gravity block 37 only rotates clockwise, and the problem that the gravity block 37 falls down at the left side of the chain 27 to affect the next use is avoided.
Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes in the embodiments and/or modifications of the invention can be made, and equivalents and modifications of some features of the invention can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (6)

1. The medical orthopedic dressing change device comprises a base (1) and is characterized in that a tray (2) is arranged at the top of the base (1), a liquid medicine box (3), a motorized bin (4) and a waste liquid box (5) are arranged inside the base (1), a sleeve (7) is arranged at the top of the base (1), a first spring (8) is arranged inside the sleeve (7), a placing plate (10) is arranged at the top of the sleeve (7), a fixing plate (11) penetrating into the motorized bin (4) is arranged at the bottom of the sleeve (7), a first rack (13) is arranged at the bottom of the fixing plate (11), a switch (12) is arranged on one side of the inner wall of the motorized bin (4), a first gear (14) is hinged to one end of the inner wall of the motorized bin (4) through a pin shaft, the first gear (14) is matched with the first rack (13), one end of the first gear (14) is fixedly connected with a second gear (15) through a rotating shaft, one side of the second gear (15) is provided with a second rack (16), the top of the second rack (16) is provided with an installation frame (17), a first roller (18) is arranged inside the installation frame (17), a first roller (19) and a second roller (20) are arranged at the middle position of the first roller (18), one end of the first roller (18) is connected with a first bevel gear (21), one side of the first roller (18) inside the installation frame (17) is provided with a second roller (22), the outer side of the second roller (22) is provided with a second bevel gear (23) matched with the first bevel gear (21), one end of the second roller (22) is connected with a third gear (26), and the outer side of the third gear (26) is provided with a chain (27), one end of the second gear (15) is fixedly connected with a fourth gear (28), the bottom of the fourth gear (28) is provided with a third rack (29), one side of the top of the third rack (29) is provided with a fifth gear (30), one end of the fifth gear (30) is fixedly connected with a sleeve (31), a rotating rod (32) is arranged inside the sleeve (31), one end of the rotating rod (32) is connected with a sixth gear (33), the sixth gear (33) is positioned inside a chain (27), the inner wall of the sleeve (31) is provided with a ratchet (24), the outer side of the rotating rod (32) is provided with a ratchet wheel (25) matched with the ratchet (24), the bottom of the rear surface of the base (1) is hinged with a support rod (34) through a pin shaft, one side of the support rod (34) is provided with a second spring (35), the top of the support rod (34) is hinged with a seventh gear (36) through a pin shaft, the seventh gear (36) is positioned inside the chain (27), and a gravity block (37) is fixedly connected to the outer side of the chain (27).
2. The medical orthopedic dressing change device according to claim 1, characterized in that: water pump (38) is installed at the top of liquid medicine case (3), and the input of water pump (38) is connected with and runs through to inside feed liquor pipe (39) of liquid medicine case (3), the output of water pump (38) is connected with drain pipe (40).
3. The medical orthopedic dressing change device according to claim 2, characterized in that: a heater (41) is arranged in the middle of the liquid outlet pipe (40), and a spray head (42) is arranged at one end of the liquid outlet pipe (40).
4. The medical orthopedic dressing change device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the top of waste liquid case (5) is provided with and runs through to the inside waste liquid pipeline (6) of tray (2), one side of waste liquid case (5) is provided with the discharge gate.
5. The medical orthopedic dressing change device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the corrugated pipe (9) is arranged on the outer side of the bottom of the placing plate (10) located on the sleeve (7), and the antifouling surface coating is arranged on the outer side of the corrugated pipe (9).
6. The medical orthopedic dressing change device according to claim 1, characterized in that: sponge pads (43) are arranged on the outer sides of the first roller (19) and the second roller (20), a film (44) is arranged on the outer side of each sponge pad (43), and bandages (45) are arranged on the outer side of each film (44).
CN202011151397.6A 2020-10-25 2020-10-25 Medical orthopedics device of changing dressings Active CN112137820B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011151397.6A CN112137820B (en) 2020-10-25 2020-10-25 Medical orthopedics device of changing dressings

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN112137820A true CN112137820A (en) 2020-12-29
CN112137820B CN112137820B (en) 2021-07-30

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CN113017997A (en) * 2021-03-02 2021-06-25 青岛大学附属医院 Limb wound dressing change device
CN113069678A (en) * 2021-03-31 2021-07-06 胡诗斌 Orthopedics is with postoperative medicine rubbing auxiliary assembly

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CN113017997A (en) * 2021-03-02 2021-06-25 青岛大学附属医院 Limb wound dressing change device
CN113017997B (en) * 2021-03-02 2023-01-13 青岛大学附属医院 Limb wound dressing change device
CN113069678A (en) * 2021-03-31 2021-07-06 胡诗斌 Orthopedics is with postoperative medicine rubbing auxiliary assembly

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