CN112059080B - Ring rolling machine with main roller multi-station structure - Google Patents

Ring rolling machine with main roller multi-station structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112059080B
CN112059080B CN202010986699.9A CN202010986699A CN112059080B CN 112059080 B CN112059080 B CN 112059080B CN 202010986699 A CN202010986699 A CN 202010986699A CN 112059080 B CN112059080 B CN 112059080B
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groups
mounting
motor
sets
sides
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CN112059080A (en
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钟阳
魏本伟
王恩武
蔡利川
侯文杰
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Zhucheng Shengyang Machinery Co ltd
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Zhucheng Shengyang Machinery Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21HMAKING PARTICULAR METAL OBJECTS BY ROLLING, e.g. SCREWS, WHEELS, RINGS, BARRELS, BALLS
    • B21H1/00Making articles shaped as bodies of revolution
    • B21H1/06Making articles shaped as bodies of revolution rings of restricted axial length

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of mechanical equipment, in particular to a ring rolling machine with a main roller multi-station structure, which can conveniently perform one-step processing and forming on a workpiece by performing multi-station adjustment work on the main roller, saves the time for manually replacing the main roller and the time for secondarily heating the workpiece, improves the working efficiency, saves manpower, simplifies the equipment processing mode, avoids the occurrence of the abrasion phenomenon of equipment parts due to repeated disassembly of the main roller, prolongs the service life of the equipment, and improves the practicability and the reliability; including riser, two sets of reinforcing plates, base, well accuse case and spacing dish, the rear side at the riser is all installed to the front side of two sets of reinforcing plates, and the bottom of riser and the bottom of two sets of reinforcing plates are all fixed on the base, and well accuse case is installed in the left side of left side reinforcing plate, and the logical groove that runs through around the vertical being provided with in middle part of riser leads to the inside of groove and is provided with adjusting device, and adjusting device's front side stretches out to the place ahead of riser.

Description

Ring rolling machine with main roller multi-station structure
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of mechanical equipment, in particular to a ring rolling machine with a main roller multi-station structure.
Background
As is known, the ring rolling mill mainly has the functions of extruding an annular workpiece to enable the annular workpiece to generate plastic deformation and change the wall thickness of the workpiece, a main roller on the ring rolling mill is used for providing rolling force for the workpiece and driving the workpiece to rotate, when the workpiece with the abnormal shape on the outer wall is machined, the workpiece needs to be initially rolled and deformed by a smooth main roller to enable the specification of the workpiece to meet the specified requirement, then the smooth main roller is detached and replaced on equipment, the outer surface of the workpiece needs to be machined secondarily by the abnormal main roller to finish the machining and processing work of the workpiece, when the equipment replaces the main roller, the workpiece needs to be secondarily heated, the workpiece is conveniently kept at a higher temperature, when the equipment is adopted for machining, the machining mode of the workpiece is complicated, more manpower and time are needed to be spent, and the working efficiency is lower, meanwhile, the main roller on the equipment is frequently disassembled and assembled, so that parts are easily abraded, and the service life of the equipment is shortened.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides the ring rolling machine with the main roller multi-station structure, which can conveniently perform one-step processing and forming on a workpiece by performing multi-station adjustment on the main roller, saves the time for manually replacing the main roller and the time for secondarily heating the workpiece, improves the working efficiency, saves manpower, simplifies the equipment processing mode, avoids the phenomenon of equipment part abrasion caused by repeated disassembly of the main roller, prolongs the service life of equipment, and improves the practicability and reliability.
The invention relates to a ring rolling machine with a main roller multi-station structure, which comprises a vertical plate, two groups of reinforcing plates, a base, a central control box and a limiting disc, wherein the front sides of the two groups of reinforcing plates are arranged at the rear side of the vertical plate, the bottoms of the vertical plate and the two groups of reinforcing plates are fixed on the base, the central control box is arranged at the left side of the left reinforcing plate, the middle part of the vertical plate is vertically provided with a through groove which penetrates forwards and backwards, an adjusting device is arranged in the through groove, the front side of the adjusting device extends to the front of the vertical plate, the limiting disc is rotatably arranged at the front side of the adjusting device, the front side of the limiting disc is provided with a core roller, the left side and the right side of the front end of the vertical plate are vertically provided with follow-up devices, the front sides of the two groups of follow-up devices are respectively provided with a mounting frame, the right sides of the two groups of the mounting frames are respectively and longitudinally rotatably provided with a dragging wheel, the positions of the two groups of the dragging wheels are respectively corresponding to the positions of the core roller, the front sides and the rear sides of the outer walls of the two groups of the dragging wheels are respectively provided with a blocking edge, the front upper part of the vertical plate is communicated with a fixed groove, the left side and the right side of the rear wall of the fixed groove are vertically provided with first guide rails, two groups of first guide rails are respectively provided with a first sliding block in a sliding way, the front sides of the two groups of first sliding blocks are provided with a first square frame, the front side and the rear side of the inner wall of the first square frame are respectively provided with a second guide rail in a transverse way, two groups of second guide rails are respectively provided with a plurality of groups of second sliding blocks in a sliding way, the inside of the first square frame is provided with a second square frame, the front side and the rear side of the second square frame are uniformly arranged on the plurality of groups of second sliding blocks, the left side and the right side of the first square frame are respectively provided with a plurality of groups of first oil cylinder push rods, the right side output ends of the plurality of left side groups of first oil cylinder push rods and the left side output ends of the plurality of right side groups of first oil cylinder push rods pass through the first square frame and are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the second square frame, a plurality of main rollers are uniformly and longitudinally arranged in the second square frame, the position of a right main roller corresponds to the position of a core roller, a plurality of groups of main rollers are provided with first rotating shafts and are rotatably arranged on the inner wall of a second square frame through a plurality of groups of first rotating shafts, the front end of each group of first rotating shafts penetrates through the front side of the second square frame and extends out to be between the second square frame and the first square frame, the front end of each group of first rotating shafts is provided with a first straight gear, a plurality of groups of first straight gears are staggered with a plurality of groups of front second sliding blocks, the upper side of the second square frame is provided with a first arched frame, the front side and the rear side of the bottom of the first arched frame are respectively arranged on the front side and the rear side of the top of the second square frame, the front side of the first arched frame is provided with a first motor, the rear side output end of the first motor is provided with a second rotating shaft, the rear side of the second rotating shaft penetrates through the first arched frame and extends into the first arched frame, the rear side of the second rotating shaft is provided with a second straight gear, the lower side of the second straight gear is meshed with the upper side of the right first straight gear, a top plate is arranged at the top of the vertical plate, a second oil cylinder push rod is arranged on the top plate, the lower side output end of the second oil cylinder push rod penetrates through the top plate and is installed at the top of the first bow-shaped frame, and the central control box is electrically connected with the adjusting device, the follow-up device and the first motor respectively; the adjusting device comprises an adjusting shaft, two groups of sliding frames, two groups of sliding rods, a first lead screw and a second motor, wherein the adjusting shaft is positioned on the upper side inside the through groove, the front side and the rear side of the adjusting shaft extend out of the through groove, the rear side of the limiting disc is rotatably installed on the front side of the adjusting shaft, the left side and the right side of the inner wall of the through groove are respectively communicated with a guide groove, the front side and the rear side of the inner wall of the two groups of fixing grooves are respectively vertically provided with a third guide rail, the inner sides of the two groups of sliding frames are respectively installed on the left side and the right side of the adjusting shaft, the front side and the rear side of the two groups of sliding frames are respectively in sliding connection with the four groups of third guide rails, the two groups of sliding rods are respectively inserted on the two groups of sliding frames, the tops and the bottoms of the two groups of sliding rods are respectively installed on the tops and the bottoms of the inner walls of the two groups of guide grooves, the two groups of sliding frames are respectively in sliding connection with the first lead screw positioned on the rear side of the vertical plate, the first lead screw is inserted in the rear side of the adjusting shaft, the first screw rod is in threaded connection with the adjusting shaft, first mounting plates are rotatably arranged at the top and the bottom of the first screw rod, the front sides of the two groups of first mounting plates are fixed at the rear side of the vertical plate, the second motor is mounted on the upper side first mounting plate, the lower side output end of the second motor penetrates through the upper side first mounting plate and is in transmission connection with the top of the first screw rod, and the second motor is electrically connected with the central control box; the specification and model of a plurality of groups of main rollers are different, a central control box controls a limiting disc through an adjusting device and two groups of follow-up devices, a core roller, two groups of mounting frames and two groups of tugs move downwards to the lower side of a vertical plate, the core roller is positioned above the two groups of tugs, an external annular tool to be processed is sleeved on the outer side of the core roller, the rear side of a workpiece is contacted with the front side of the limiting disc, the central control box controls the limiting disc through the adjusting device and the two groups of follow-up devices, the core roller, the two groups of mounting frames and the two groups of tugs move upwards to an initial position, the outer wall of the two groups of tugs is contacted with the bottom of the workpiece, a first motor is started, the first motor drives a second straight gear to rotate through a second rotating shaft, the second straight gear drives a right main roller to rotate through a first right straight gear and a first right rotating shaft, a second oil cylinder push rod pushes a first bracket to move downwards through an output end of the lower side of the second oil cylinder push rod, the first arched bracket drives a first square frame to move downwards, and the first square frame, Two groups of second guide rails, a plurality of groups of second slide blocks, a second square frame, a plurality of groups of first oil cylinder push rods, a plurality of groups of main rollers, a plurality of groups of first rotating shafts and a plurality of groups of first straight gears move downwards, the bottom of the right main roller is contacted with the top of a workpiece and extrudes the workpiece, the right main roller in a rotating state drives the workpiece to rotate, the workpiece drives a core roller and a limiting disc to rotate on an adjusting device, so that the workpiece is rotatably rolled, the right main roller continuously moves downwards, the wall thickness of the workpiece is gradually reduced, meanwhile, a central control box controls two groups of follow-up devices to drive two groups of mounting racks and two groups of dragging wheels to slowly move downwards, the lower side of the workpiece is always contacted with the two groups of dragging wheels and drives the two groups of dragging wheels to respectively rotate on the two groups of mounting racks, the two groups of dragging wheels can perform centering treatment on the workpiece, the center of the workpiece is convenient to keep the center of the workpiece stable, and the workpiece is prevented from being deformed and causing the center of the circle to deviate, when the surface of a workpiece needs to be processed in other shapes, a second oil cylinder push rod controls a main roller corresponding to the position of a core roller to move upwards and separate the main roller from the workpiece, a plurality of groups of first oil cylinder push rods are opened, a plurality of groups of first oil cylinder push rods on the left side of a first square frame push a second square frame to move rightwards, a plurality of groups of first oil cylinder push rods on the right side of the first square frame pull the second square frame to move rightwards synchronously, the second square frame drives a plurality of groups of second sliding blocks to slide rightwards on two groups of second guide rails respectively, meanwhile, the second square frame drives a plurality of groups of main rollers, a plurality of groups of first rotating shafts and a plurality of groups of first straight gears to move rightwards, a first straight gear on the lower side of a second straight gear moves rightwards and is separated from the second straight gear, a next group of first straight gear moves to the lower side of the second straight gear and is meshed with the second straight gear again, and the position of the next group of main roller corresponds to the position of the core roller at the moment, so that the station adjustment of the main roller is realized, meanwhile, as a plurality of groups of main rollers can be arranged, the multi-station adjustment work of the main rollers is realized, after the adjustment of the main rollers is finished, the central control box controls to open the first motor, the first motor drives the corresponding first straight gear, the first rotating shaft and the main rollers to rotate through the second rotating shaft and the second straight gear, the second oil cylinder push rod controls the main rollers which finish the station adjustment to move downwards again, the main rollers perform the rolling treatment on the workpiece again, after the processing of the workpiece is finished, the central control box controls the two groups of mounting frames and the two groups of tugs to move downwards to the lower sides of the vertical plates through the two groups of follow-up devices, the two groups of tugs are separated from the workpiece, the central control box drives the limiting disc, the core roller and the workpiece to move downwards through the adjusting device, the workpiece is moved to a position close to the ground, the workpiece is taken down, the purpose of one-time processing forming of the workpiece is realized, the multi-station adjustment work of the main rollers is carried out, the one-time processing forming of the workpiece can be conveniently carried out, the time for replacing the main roller manually and the time for heating the workpiece secondarily are saved, the working efficiency is improved, the labor is saved, the equipment processing mode is simplified, the phenomenon that the equipment part is abraded due to repeated disassembly of the main roller is avoided, the service life of the equipment is prolonged, and the practicability and the reliability are improved; the second motor is opened in well accuse case control, and the second motor drives first lead screw and rotates, and first lead screw and adjusting spindle screw dress are connected, and first lead screw drives the adjusting spindle and reciprocates, and the adjusting spindle drives two sets of sliding brackets and slides about going on four group's third guide rails, and two sets of carriages slide respectively on two sets of slide bars simultaneously, and the adjusting spindle of travel state drives spacing dish and core roller in step and reciprocates to the convenience is gone up unloading to equipment, improves practicality and reliability.
The invention relates to a ring rolling machine with a main roller multi-station structure, wherein a follow-up device comprises a fourth guide rail, a third slide block, a second screw rod, a third motor and two groups of bevel gears, the left side of the front part of a vertical plate is vertically communicated with and provided with a mounting groove, the fourth guide rail is arranged on the rear side of the inner wall of the mounting groove, the third slide block is slidably arranged on the fourth guide rail, the rear side of a left mounting frame is fixed on the front side of the third slide block, the bottom of the second screw rod is rotatably arranged at the bottom of the inner wall of the mounting groove, the top of the second screw rod penetrates through the third slide block and is rotatably arranged at the top of the inner wall of the mounting groove, the second screw rod is in threaded connection with the third slide block, the third motor is arranged on the left side of the vertical plate, the right output end of the third motor penetrates through the vertical plate and extends into the left upper side inside the mounting groove, the two groups of bevel gears are respectively arranged on the right output end of the third motor and the upper side of the second screw rod, and are mutually meshed, the third motor is electrically connected with the central control box; well accuse case control is opened the third motor, and the third motor drives the second lead screw through its right side output and two sets of bevel gears and rotates, and the second lead screw is connected with third slider spiral shell, and the second lead screw drives the third slider and reciprocates, and the third slider slides from top to bottom on the fourth guide rail, and the third slider drives mounting bracket and tug and reciprocates simultaneously to the adjustment tug position conveniently makes the tug follow work piece diameter constantly increase and slow movement, improves the practicality.
The ring rolling machine with the main roller multi-station structure further comprises two groups of second cambered frames and two groups of mounting seats, wherein the inner sides of the two groups of second cambered frames are both arc-shaped, the arc-shaped inner walls of the inner sides of the two groups of second cambered frames are both contacted with the rear side of the outer wall of the adjusting shaft, the outer sides of the two groups of second cambered frames are respectively provided with a plurality of groups of third oil cylinder push rods, the two groups of mounting seats are respectively mounted on the left side and the right side of the rear part of the vertical plate, the front sides of the plurality of groups of third oil cylinder push rods are respectively mounted on the two groups of mounting seats, the right upper side and the right lower side of the left side second cambered frame are respectively provided with two groups of inserted rods, the left upper side and the left lower side of the right side second cambered frame are respectively communicated with slots, the positions of the inserted rods correspond to the positions of the slots, and the right sides of the inserted rods are inserted into the corresponding slots; opening multiple groups of third oil cylinder push rods, respectively driving two groups of second arc frames to move towards two sides, separating the two groups of second arc frames from the adjusting shaft, simultaneously moving the inserting rod leftwards along with the left side second arc frame and separating the inserting rod from the inserting slot on the right side second arc frame, when the inserting rod moves to the left side of the adjusting shaft, the central control box can control the operation of the adjusting device, the adjusting shaft moves up and down in the through slot, when the adjusting shaft moves to the initial position and stops moving, the multiple groups of third oil cylinder push rods can push the two groups of second arc frames to move inwards, the two groups of second arc frames can re-clamp the adjusting shaft, the inserting rod on the left side second arc frame is re-inserted into the corresponding inserting slot on the right side second arc frame, thereby re-moving the adjusting shaft, preventing the adjusting shaft, the limiting disc and the core roller from randomly shaking during workpiece processing, the equipment strength is improved, and the practicability and the reliability are improved.
The ring rolling machine with the main roller multi-station structure further comprises four groups of second mounting plates and two groups of first laser range finders, wherein the four groups of second mounting plates are respectively mounted on the left side of the front part of the first bow-shaped frame, the right side of the front part of the first bow-shaped frame, the left side of the front part of the top plate and the right side of the front part of the top plate; but two sets of first laser range finder real-time detection its and the upside between two sets of second mounting panels apart from and with detecting signal transmission to well accuse incasement to detect first bow-shaped rack shift down position, conveniently detect the work piece wall thickness, contrast through the data to two sets of first laser range finder detection simultaneously, can conveniently detect whether first bow-shaped rack keeps the level, take place the slope when preventing first bow-shaped rack from removing, improve practicality and reliability.
The ring rolling machine with the main roller multi-station structure further comprises four groups of telescopic rods, wherein the four groups of telescopic rods are uniformly arranged on the top plate, and the extending ends of the lower sides of the four groups of telescopic rods penetrate through the top plate and are arranged on the first bow-shaped frame; when first bow-shaped rack reciprocated, the downside that first bow-shaped rack drove four sets of telescopic links stretched out the end and reciprocates, through setting up four sets of telescopic links, can conveniently support and lead first bow-shaped rack, stability and fastness when improving its removal.
The ring rolling machine with the main roller multi-station structure further comprises a protective cover, wherein the protective cover is positioned on the outer side of the first motor, and the rear side of the protective cover is arranged on the first bow-shaped frame; through setting up the guard shield, can conveniently protect first motor, prevent that external impurity from dropping to it, prevent simultaneously that the high temperature on the work piece from causing the influence to the running state of first motor, improve the practicality.
The ring rolling machine with the main roller multi-station structure further comprises a second laser range finder, wherein the second laser range finder is arranged on the right side of the inner wall of the first square frame, and the position of the second laser range finder corresponds to the position of the second square frame; through setting up second laser range finder, can conveniently detect the distance between square frame of second and the second laser range finder to detect the position of multiunit home roll, when the multiunit home roll removed, accurately controlled the position of home roll, thereby conveniently detect the home roll station adjustment condition, improve practicality and reliability.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the specification and model of a plurality of groups of main rollers are different, a central control box controls a limiting disc through an adjusting device and two groups of follow-up devices, a core roller, two groups of mounting frames and two groups of tugs move downwards to the lower side of a vertical plate, the core roller is positioned above the two groups of tugs, an external annular tool to be processed is sleeved on the outer side of the core roller, the rear side of a workpiece is contacted with the front side of the limiting disc, the central control box controls the limiting disc through the adjusting device and the two groups of follow-up devices, the core roller, the two groups of mounting frames and the two groups of tugs move upwards to an initial position, the outer wall of the two groups of tugs is contacted with the bottom of the workpiece, a first motor is started, the first motor drives a second straight gear to rotate through a second rotating shaft, the second straight gear drives a right main roller to rotate through a first right straight gear and a first right rotating shaft, a second oil cylinder push rod pushes a first bracket to move downwards through an output end of the lower side of the second oil cylinder push rod, the first arched bracket drives a first square frame to move downwards, and the first square frame, Two groups of second guide rails, a plurality of groups of second slide blocks, a second square frame, a plurality of groups of first oil cylinder push rods, a plurality of groups of main rollers, a plurality of groups of first rotating shafts and a plurality of groups of first straight gears move downwards, the bottom of the right main roller is contacted with the top of a workpiece and extrudes the workpiece, the right main roller in a rotating state drives the workpiece to rotate, the workpiece drives a core roller and a limiting disc to rotate on an adjusting device, so that the workpiece is rotatably rolled, the right main roller continuously moves downwards, the wall thickness of the workpiece is gradually reduced, meanwhile, a central control box controls two groups of follow-up devices to drive two groups of mounting racks and two groups of dragging wheels to slowly move downwards, the lower side of the workpiece is always contacted with the two groups of dragging wheels and drives the two groups of dragging wheels to respectively rotate on the two groups of mounting racks, the two groups of dragging wheels can perform centering treatment on the workpiece, the center of the workpiece is convenient to keep the center of the workpiece stable, and the workpiece is prevented from being deformed and causing the center of the circle to deviate, when the surface of a workpiece needs to be processed in other shapes, a second oil cylinder push rod controls a main roller corresponding to the position of a core roller to move upwards and separate the main roller from the workpiece, a plurality of groups of first oil cylinder push rods are opened, a plurality of groups of first oil cylinder push rods on the left side of a first square frame push a second square frame to move rightwards, a plurality of groups of first oil cylinder push rods on the right side of the first square frame pull the second square frame to move rightwards synchronously, the second square frame drives a plurality of groups of second sliding blocks to slide rightwards on two groups of second guide rails respectively, meanwhile, the second square frame drives a plurality of groups of main rollers, a plurality of groups of first rotating shafts and a plurality of groups of first straight gears to move rightwards, a first straight gear on the lower side of a second straight gear moves rightwards and is separated from the second straight gear, a next group of first straight gear moves to the lower side of the second straight gear and is meshed with the second straight gear again, and the position of the next group of main roller corresponds to the position of the core roller at the moment, so that the station adjustment of the main roller is realized, meanwhile, as a plurality of groups of main rollers can be arranged, the multi-station adjustment work of the main rollers is realized, after the adjustment of the main rollers is finished, the central control box controls to open the first motor, the first motor drives the corresponding first straight gear, the first rotating shaft and the main rollers to rotate through the second rotating shaft and the second straight gear, the second oil cylinder push rod controls the main rollers which are finished with the station adjustment to move downwards again, the main rollers perform rolling treatment on the workpiece again, after the processing of the workpiece is finished, the central control box controls the two groups of mounting frames and the two groups of tugs to move downwards to the lower side of the vertical plate through the two groups of follow-up devices, the two groups of tugs are separated from the workpiece, the central control box drives the limiting disc, the core roller and the workpiece to move downwards through the adjusting device, the workpiece is moved to a position close to the ground, the workpiece is taken down, so that the one-time processing forming of the workpiece is realized, and the multi-station adjustment work of the main rollers is convenient to perform one-time processing forming on the workpiece, the time of changing the main roll and the time of work piece secondary heating are saved to the manual work, improve work efficiency, use manpower sparingly, simplify equipment processing mode, avoid simultaneously because of dismantling the main roll many times and lead to equipment part wearing and tearing phenomenon to take place, improve equipment life, improve practicality and reliability.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top left oblique view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a left rear oblique view of the vertical plate in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a top, side-sectional, top left oblique view of the blank of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a schematic top left oblique view of the middle section of the blank of FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged structural view of the first square frame in FIG. 4;
in the drawings, the reference numbers: 1. a vertical plate; 2. a reinforcing plate; 3. a base; 4. a central control box; 5. a limiting disc; 6. a core roll; 7. a mounting frame; 8. a tug; 9. blocking edges; 10. a first guide rail; 11. a first slider; 12. a first square frame; 13. a second guide rail; 14. a second slider; 15. a second square frame; 16. a first cylinder push rod; 17. a main roller; 18. a first rotating shaft; 19. a first straight gear; 20. a first motor; 21. a second rotating shaft; 22. a second spur gear; 23. a first bow; 24. a top plate; 25. a second cylinder push rod; 26. an adjustment shaft; 27. a third guide rail; 28. a carriage; 29. a slide bar; 30. a first lead screw; 31. a first mounting plate; 32. a second motor; 33. a fourth guide rail; 34. a third slider; 35. a second lead screw; 36. a third motor; 37. a bevel gear; 38. a second bow; 39. a third oil cylinder push rod; 40. a mounting seat; 41. inserting a rod; 42. a second mounting plate; 43. a first laser range finder; 44. a telescopic rod; 45. a shield; 46. a second laser rangefinder.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of embodiments of the present invention is provided in connection with the accompanying drawings and examples. The following examples are intended to illustrate the invention but are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 6, in the ring rolling machine with a main roller multi-station structure of the invention, when in operation, a plurality of groups of main rollers 17 have different specifications and models, a central control box 4 controls a limiting disc 5, a core roller 6, two groups of mounting frames 7 and two groups of tugs 8 to move downwards to the lower side of a vertical plate 1 through an adjusting device and two groups of follow-up devices, the core roller 6 is positioned above the two groups of tugs 8, an external annular tool to be processed is sleeved on the outer side of the core roller 6, the rear side of a workpiece is contacted with the front side of the limiting disc 5, the central control box 4 controls the limiting disc 5, the core roller 6, the two groups of mounting frames 7 and the two groups of tugs 8 to move upwards to an initial position through the adjusting device and the two groups of follow-up devices, the outer walls of the two groups of tugs 8 are contacted with the bottom of the workpiece, a first motor 20 is turned on, the first motor 20 drives a second spur gear 22 to rotate through a second rotating shaft 21, the second spur gear 22 drives a right first spur gear 19 and a right first rotating shaft 18 to rotate the right main roller 17, the second oil cylinder push rod 25 pushes the first bow-shaped frame 23 to move downwards through the output end at the lower side of the second oil cylinder push rod, the first bow-shaped frame 23 drives the first square frame 12, the two groups of second guide rails 13, the multiple groups of second slide blocks 14, the second square frame 15, the multiple groups of first oil cylinder push rods 16, the multiple groups of main rollers 17, the multiple groups of first rotating shafts 18 and the multiple groups of first straight gears 19 to move downwards, the bottom of the right main roller 17 is contacted with the top of a workpiece and extrudes the workpiece, the right main roller 17 in a rotating state drives the workpiece to rotate, the workpiece drives the core roller 6 and the limiting disc 5 to rotate on the adjusting device, so as to roll and grind the workpiece in a rotating manner, the right main roller 17 continuously moves downwards, the wall thickness of the workpiece is gradually reduced, meanwhile, the central control box 4 controls the two groups of follow-up devices to drive the two groups of mounting frames 7 and the two groups of tug wheels 8 to move downwards slowly, the lower side of the workpiece is contacted with the two groups of tug wheels 8 all the time and drives the two groups of tug wheels 8 to rotate on the mounting frames 7 respectively, when the surface of a workpiece needs to be processed in other shapes, a second oil cylinder push rod 25 controls a main roller 17 corresponding to the position of a core roller 6 to move upwards and separate the workpiece from the center of the workpiece, a plurality of groups of first oil cylinder push rods 16 are opened, a plurality of groups of first oil cylinder push rods 16 on the left side of a first square frame 12 push a second square frame 15 to move rightwards, a plurality of groups of first oil cylinder push rods 16 on the right side of the first square frame 12 pull the second square frame 15 to synchronously move rightwards, the second square frame 15 drives a plurality of groups of second sliding blocks 14 to respectively slide rightwards on two groups of second guide rails 13, meanwhile, the second square frame 15 drives a plurality of groups of main rollers 17, a plurality of groups of first rotating shafts 18 and a plurality of groups of first straight gears 19 to move rightwards, the first straight gears 19 on the lower sides of the second straight gears 22 move rightwards and are separated from the second straight gears 22, the next group of first straight gears 19 move to the lower side of the second straight gears 22 and are meshed with the second straight gears 22 again, the position of the next group of main rollers 17 corresponds to the position of the core roller 6, so that the station adjustment of the main rollers 17 is realized, meanwhile, as the main rollers 17 can be provided with a plurality of groups, the multi-station adjustment work of the main rollers 17 is realized, after the adjustment of the main rollers 17 is finished, the central control box 4 controls to open the first motor 20, the first motor 20 drives the corresponding first straight gears 19, the corresponding first rotating shafts 18 and the corresponding main rollers 17 to rotate through the second rotating shafts 21 and the second straight gears 22, the second oil cylinder push rod 25 controls the main rollers 17 with the station adjustment to move downwards again, the main rollers 17 perform the rolling processing on the workpiece again, after the workpiece is finished, the central control box 4 controls the two groups of mounting frames 7 and the two groups of tugs 8 to move downwards to the lower side of the vertical plate 1 through the two groups of following devices, and the two groups of tugs 8 are separated from the workpiece, the central control box 4 drives the limiting disc 5, the core roller 6 and the workpiece to move downwards through the adjusting device, the workpiece moves to a position close to the ground, and the workpiece is taken down, so that the purpose of one-step processing and forming of the workpiece is achieved.
The main functions realized by the invention are as follows: the multi-station adjustment work is carried out on the main roller, so that the workpiece can be conveniently machined and formed at one time, the time for manually replacing the main roller and the time for secondarily heating the workpiece are saved, the working efficiency is improved, the labor is saved, the equipment machining mode is simplified, the phenomenon of abrasion of equipment parts caused by repeated disassembly of the main roller is avoided, and the service life of the equipment is prolonged; the working mode of the adjusting device is that the central control box 4 controls to open the second motor 32, the second motor 32 drives the first lead screw 30 to rotate, the first lead screw 30 is in threaded connection with the adjusting shaft 26, the first lead screw 30 drives the adjusting shaft 26 to move up and down, the adjusting shaft 26 drives the two sets of sliding frames 28 to slide up and down on the four sets of third guide rails 27, meanwhile, the two sets of sliding frames 28 respectively slide on the two sets of sliding rods 29, and the adjusting shaft 26 in a moving state synchronously drives the limiting disc 5 and the core roller 6 to move up and down, so that the equipment can be conveniently loaded and unloaded; the servo device works in a mode that the central control box 4 controls the opening of a third motor 36, the third motor 36 drives a second lead screw 35 to rotate through a right output end of the third motor and two groups of bevel gears 37, the second lead screw 35 is in threaded connection with a third sliding block 34, the second lead screw 35 drives the third sliding block 34 to move up and down, the third sliding block 34 slides up and down on a fourth guide rail 33, and meanwhile, the third sliding block 34 drives the mounting frame 7 and the tug 8 to move up and down, so that the position of the tug 8 is adjusted, and the tug 8 can conveniently and slowly move along with the diameter of a workpiece which is continuously increased; the multiple sets of third oil cylinder push rods 39 are opened, the multiple sets of third oil cylinder push rods 39 respectively drive the two sets of second cambered frames 38 to move towards two sides, the two sets of second cambered frames 38 are separated from the adjusting shaft 26, meanwhile, the inserting rod 41 moves leftwards along with the left second cambered frame 38 and is separated from the slot on the right second cambered frame 38, when the inserting rod 41 moves to the left side of the adjusting shaft 26, the middle control box 4 can control the operation of the adjusting device, the adjusting shaft 26 moves upwards and downwards in the through slot, when the adjusting shaft 26 moves to the initial position and stops moving, the multiple sets of third oil cylinder push rods 39 can push the two sets of second cambered frames 38 to move inwards, the two sets of second cambered frames 38 can clamp the adjusting shaft 26 again, the inserting rod 41 on the left second cambered frame 38 is inserted into the corresponding slot on the right second cambered frame 38 again, so as to move the adjusting shaft 26 again, the adjusting shaft 26, the limiting disc 5 and the core roller 6 are prevented from randomly shaking during the processing of the workpiece, and the strength of the equipment is improved; the two groups of first laser distance measuring instruments 43 can detect the distance between the two groups of first laser distance measuring instruments 43 and the two groups of second mounting plates 42 on the upper side in real time and transmit detection signals into the central control box 4, so that the downward movement position of the first arched frame 23 is detected, the wall thickness of a workpiece is conveniently detected, and meanwhile, whether the first arched frame 23 is kept horizontal or not can be conveniently detected by comparing data detected by the two groups of first laser distance measuring instruments 43, so that the first arched frame 23 is prevented from inclining when moving; when the first bow-shaped frame 23 moves up and down, the first bow-shaped frame 23 drives the lower side extending ends of the four groups of telescopic rods 44 to move up and down, and the four groups of telescopic rods 44 are arranged, so that the first bow-shaped frame 23 can be conveniently supported and guided, and the stability and firmness of the first bow-shaped frame 23 during movement are improved; by arranging the protective cover 45, the first motor 20 can be conveniently protected, external impurities are prevented from falling onto the protective cover, and meanwhile, the operating state of the first motor 20 is prevented from being influenced by high temperature on a workpiece; through setting up second laser range finder 46, can conveniently detect the distance between second square frame 15 and the second laser range finder 46 to detect multiunit home roll 17's position, when the multiunit home roll 17 removed, carry out accurate control to the position of home roll 17, thereby conveniently detect the 17 station adjustment circumstances of home roll, improve practicality and reliability.
The ring rolling machine with the main roller multi-station structure has the advantages that the installation mode, the connection mode or the arrangement mode are common mechanical modes, and the ring rolling machine can be implemented as long as the beneficial effects of the ring rolling machine are achieved; the central control box 4, the first cylinder push rod 16, the second cylinder push rod 25, the third cylinder push rod 39, the first laser range finder 43 and the second laser range finder 46 can be purchased in the market.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, it is possible to make various improvements and modifications without departing from the technical principle of the present invention, and those improvements and modifications should be also considered as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. A ring rolling machine with a main roller multi-station structure is characterized by comprising a vertical plate (1), two groups of reinforcing plates (2), a base (3), a central control box (4) and a limiting disc (5), wherein the front sides of the two groups of reinforcing plates (2) are arranged at the rear side of the vertical plate (1), the bottom of the vertical plate (1) and the bottoms of the two groups of reinforcing plates (2) are fixed on the base (3), the central control box (4) is arranged at the left side of the reinforcing plate (2) at the left side, the middle part of the vertical plate (1) is vertically provided with a through groove which penetrates forwards and backwards, an adjusting device is arranged inside the through groove, the front side of the adjusting device extends out of the front side of the vertical plate (1), the limiting disc (5) is rotatably arranged at the front side of the adjusting device, a core roller (6) is arranged at the front side of the limiting disc (5), both the left side and the right side of the front end of the vertical plate (1) are vertically provided with a follow-up device, and the front sides of the two groups of the follow-up devices are respectively provided with a mounting frame (7), the right sides of the two groups of mounting frames (7) are longitudinally and rotatably provided with tugs (8), the positions of the two groups of tugs (8) correspond to the positions of the core rollers (6), the front sides and the rear sides of the outer walls of the two groups of tugs (8) are respectively provided with a flange (9), the front upper parts of the vertical plates (1) are communicated and provided with fixed grooves, the left sides and the right sides of the rear walls of the fixed grooves are respectively and vertically provided with first guide rails (10), the two groups of first guide rails (10) are respectively and slidably provided with first sliding blocks (11), the front sides and the rear sides of the inner walls of the first square frames (12) are respectively and transversely provided with second guide rails (13), the two groups of second guide rails (13) are respectively and slidably provided with a plurality of second sliding blocks (14), the inside of the first square frames (12) is provided with second square frames (15), the front sides and the rear sides of the second square frames (15) are uniformly arranged on the plurality of the second sliding blocks (14), the left side and the right side of the first square frame (12) are respectively provided with a plurality of groups of first oil cylinder push rods (16), the right side output ends of the left side groups of first oil cylinder push rods (16) and the left side output ends of the right side groups of first oil cylinder push rods (16) penetrate through the first square frame (12) and are respectively installed on the left side and the right side of the second square frame (15), a plurality of groups of main rollers (17) are uniformly and longitudinally arranged inside the second square frame (15), the position of the right side main roller (17) corresponds to the position of the core roller (6), the plurality of groups of main rollers (17) are respectively provided with a first rotating shaft (18) and are rotatably installed on the inner wall of the second square frame (15) through a plurality of groups of first rotating shafts (18), the front end of each group of first rotating shafts (18) penetrates through the front side of the second square frame (15) and extends out between the second square frame (15) and the first square frame (12), and the front end of each group of first rotating shafts (18) is provided with a first straight gear (19), the position of a plurality of groups of first straight gears (19) and a plurality of groups of front second sliding blocks (14) are staggered, a first bow-shaped frame (23) is arranged on the upper side of a second square frame (15), the front side and the rear side of the bottom of the first bow-shaped frame (23) are respectively installed on the front side and the rear side of the top of the second square frame (15), a first motor (20) is arranged on the front side of the first bow-shaped frame (23), a second rotating shaft (21) is arranged at the rear side output end of the first motor (20), the rear side of the second rotating shaft (21) penetrates through the first bow-shaped frame (23) and stretches into the inside of the first bow-shaped frame (23), a second straight gear (22) is arranged on the rear side of the second rotating shaft (21), the lower side of the second straight gear (22) is meshed with the upper side of the first straight gear (19) on the right side, a top plate (24) is arranged at the top of a vertical plate (1), a second oil cylinder push rod (25) is arranged on the top plate (24), and the lower side output end of the second oil cylinder push rod (25) penetrates through the top plate (24) and is installed on the first bow-shaped frame (23) The central control box (4) is electrically connected with the adjusting device, the follow-up device and the first motor (20) respectively; the adjusting device comprises an adjusting shaft (26), two sliding frames (28), two sliding rods (29), a first lead screw (30) and a second motor (32), wherein the adjusting shaft (26) is positioned on the upper side inside the through groove, the front side and the rear side of the adjusting shaft (26) extend out of the through groove, the rear side of the limiting disc (5) is rotatably installed on the front side of the adjusting shaft (26), guide grooves are formed in the left side and the right side of the inner wall of the through groove in a communicating manner, third guide rails (27) are vertically arranged on the front side and the rear side of the inner wall of the two groups of fixing grooves, the inner sides of the two groups of sliding frames (28) are respectively installed on the left side and the right side of the adjusting shaft (26), the front sides and the rear sides of the two groups of sliding frames (28) are respectively in sliding connection with the four groups of third guide rails (27), the two groups of sliding rods (29) are respectively inserted into the two groups of sliding frames (28), the tops and the bottoms of the two groups of sliding frames (29) are respectively installed on the tops and the bottoms of the inner walls of the two groups of guide grooves, the two groups of sliding rods (29) are respectively connected with the two groups of sliding frames (28) in a sliding mode, a first lead screw (30) is located on the rear side of the vertical plate (1), the first lead screw (30) penetrates through the rear side of the adjusting shaft (26), the first lead screw (30) is connected with the adjusting shaft (26) in a threaded mode, the top and the bottom of the first lead screw (30) are respectively and rotatably provided with a first mounting plate (31), the front sides of the two groups of first mounting plates (31) are fixed on the rear side of the vertical plate (1), a second motor (32) is mounted on the upper first mounting plate (31), the lower side output end of the second motor (32) penetrates through the upper first mounting plate (31) and is in transmission connection with the top of the first lead screw (30), and the second motor (32) is electrically connected with the central control box (4); the follow-up device comprises a fourth guide rail (33), a third sliding block (34), a second lead screw (35), a third motor (36) and two groups of bevel gears (37), the left side of the front part of the vertical plate (1) is vertically communicated with and provided with a mounting groove, the fourth guide rail (33) is installed on the rear side of the inner wall of the mounting groove, the third sliding block (34) is slidably installed on the fourth guide rail (33), the rear side of the left mounting frame (7) is fixed on the front side of the third sliding block (34), the bottom of the second lead screw (35) is rotatably installed on the bottom of the inner wall of the mounting groove, the top of the second lead screw (35) penetrates through the third sliding block (34) and is rotatably installed on the top of the inner wall of the mounting groove, the second lead screw (35) is connected with the third sliding block (34) in a threaded manner, the third motor (36) is installed on the left side of the vertical plate (1), and the right output end of the third motor (36) penetrates through the vertical plate (1) and extends into the upper left side inside the mounting groove, two groups of bevel gears (37) are respectively arranged on the right output end of the third motor (36) and the upper side of the second screw rod (35), the two groups of bevel gears (37) are meshed with each other, and the third motor (36) is electrically connected with the central control box (4).
2. The ring rolling machine of the main roller multi-station structure as claimed in claim 1, further comprising two groups of second brackets (38) and two groups of mounting seats (40), wherein the inner sides of the two groups of second brackets (38) are both arc-shaped, the arc-shaped inner walls of the inner sides of the two groups of second brackets (38) are both contacted with the rear side of the outer wall of the adjusting shaft (26), the outer sides of the two groups of second brackets (38) are both provided with a plurality of groups of third cylinder push rods (39), the two groups of mounting seats (40) are respectively mounted at the left side and the right side of the rear portion of the vertical plate (1), the front sides of the plurality of groups of third cylinder push rods (39) are respectively mounted on the two groups of mounting seats (40), the right upper side and the right lower side of the left side second bracket (38) are both provided with two groups of inserting rods (41), the left upper side and the left lower side of the right side second bracket (38) are both communicated with inserting grooves, and the positions of the inserting rods (41) correspond to the positions of the inserting grooves, the right side of the inserted rod (41) is inserted into the corresponding slot.
3. The ring rolling machine of the main roller multi-station structure as claimed in claim 2, further comprising four sets of second mounting plates (42) and two sets of first laser distance measuring instruments (43), wherein the four sets of second mounting plates (42) are respectively mounted on the left side of the front portion of the first arched frame (23), the right side of the front portion of the first arched frame (23), the left side of the front portion of the top plate (24) and the right side of the front portion of the top plate (24), the two sets of first laser distance measuring instruments (43) are respectively mounted on the two sets of second mounting plates (42) on the lower side, the two sets of first laser distance measuring instruments (43) respectively correspond to the two sets of second mounting plates (42) on the upper side, and the two sets of second mounting plates (42) are electrically connected with the central control box (4).
4. The ring rolling machine with the main roller multi-station structure as claimed in claim 3, further comprising four sets of telescopic rods (44), wherein the four sets of telescopic rods (44) are uniformly arranged on the top plate (24), and the lower side extending ends of the four sets of telescopic rods (44) penetrate through the top plate (24) and are arranged on the first bow-shaped frame (23).
5. A ring rolling machine of a main roll multi-station structure according to claim 4, characterized by further comprising a shield (45), wherein the shield (45) is positioned outside the first motor (20), and the rear side of the shield (45) is mounted on the first bow (23).
6. The ring rolling machine of the main roller multi-station structure as claimed in claim 5, further comprising a second laser distance measuring instrument (46), wherein the second laser distance measuring instrument (46) is installed on the right side of the inner wall of the first square frame (12), and the position of the second laser distance measuring instrument (46) corresponds to the position of the second square frame (15).
CN202010986699.9A 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 Ring rolling machine with main roller multi-station structure Active CN112059080B (en)

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CN202010986699.9A CN112059080B (en) 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 Ring rolling machine with main roller multi-station structure

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CN112059080B true CN112059080B (en) 2022-06-07

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Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3840020A1 (en) * 1988-11-26 1990-05-31 Thyssen Industrie Radial die rolling machine
CN102861842B (en) * 2012-09-28 2013-05-15 长春永新机械制造有限责任公司 Multi-station ring rolling machine
CN105522083A (en) * 2016-02-18 2016-04-27 徐�明 Double-station horizontal type digital control ring rolling machine tool
CN207086809U (en) * 2017-07-04 2018-03-13 洛阳先驱自动化设备有限公司 A kind of rocker-arm multistation grinds expansion machine
CN110280702A (en) * 2019-07-25 2019-09-27 济南沃茨数控机械有限公司 Multistation Ring Rolling Machine

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