CN112033029A - Solar water heater with variable volume - Google Patents

Solar water heater with variable volume Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112033029A
CN112033029A CN202010914203.7A CN202010914203A CN112033029A CN 112033029 A CN112033029 A CN 112033029A CN 202010914203 A CN202010914203 A CN 202010914203A CN 112033029 A CN112033029 A CN 112033029A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
valve
partition plate
expansion part
gear
communicated
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010914203.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曾德林
章满意
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TONGLING QINGHUABAO ENERGY SOURCES EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
Original Assignee
TONGLING QINGHUABAO ENERGY SOURCES EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TONGLING QINGHUABAO ENERGY SOURCES EQUIPMENT CO Ltd filed Critical TONGLING QINGHUABAO ENERGY SOURCES EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
Priority to CN202010914203.7A priority Critical patent/CN112033029A/en
Publication of CN112033029A publication Critical patent/CN112033029A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S50/00Arrangements for controlling solar heat collectors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S50/00Arrangements for controlling solar heat collectors
    • F24S50/40Arrangements for controlling solar heat collectors responsive to temperature
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S80/00Details, accessories or component parts of solar heat collectors not provided for in groups F24S10/00-F24S70/00
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The invention provides a solar water heater with variable volume, which comprises a water storage tank and a heat collecting pipe; the inside of the water storage tank is divided into an expansion part and an exchange part by arranging a first partition plate, the expansion part is divided into a first expansion part and a second expansion part by arranging a second partition plate in the expansion part, and the exchange part is communicated with the heat collecting pipe; the first partition plate is provided with a first valve communicated with the exchange part and the first expansion part, and the second partition plate is provided with a second valve communicated with the first expansion part and the second expansion part; the invention has the beneficial effects that: the water storage tank is divided into an exchange part, a first expansion part and a second expansion part by arranging a first partition plate and a second partition plate, and the communication or the partition of the exchange part, the first expansion part and the second expansion part is controlled by a first valve and a second valve, so that a three-gear heating volume is arranged in the water storage tank.

Description

Solar water heater with variable volume
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of solar water heaters, in particular to a solar water heater with a variable volume.
Background
The solar water heater is equipment for heating domestic water by utilizing solar energy, has the characteristic of energy conservation, most of the solar water heaters on the market at present are vacuum heat collecting pipes and are horizontally placed on the top layer or the ground of a building; the volume of a water storage device of a common solar water heater is invariable, water in the water storage device is heated at the same time, the water temperature can be heated to a higher temperature under the condition of sufficient sunlight, but the water temperature cannot be reached in cloudy days with insufficient sunlight or in winter when the water storage device is too large, and electric heating is required to be used for assisting heating at the same time; when the amount of the hot water used is small, the water in the water storage device needs to be heated, and waste is caused.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides the solar water heater with the variable volume.
The invention solves the technical problems through the following technical means:
the solar water heater with variable volume comprises a water storage tank and a heat collecting pipe; the inside of the water storage tank is divided into an expansion part and an exchange part by arranging a first partition plate, the expansion part is divided into a first expansion part and a second expansion part by arranging a second partition plate in the expansion part, and the exchange part is communicated with the heat collecting pipe; the first partition plate is provided with a first valve communicated with the exchange part and the first expansion part, and the second partition plate is provided with a second valve communicated with the first expansion part and the second expansion part.
As an improvement of the above technical solution, the first partition plate and the second partition plate are arranged in parallel.
As an improvement of the above technical solution, the first valves are at least two and symmetrically distributed on the first partition plate; the second valves are at least two and are symmetrically distributed on the second partition plate.
As an improvement of the above technical solution, the solar control system further comprises a control mechanism, wherein the control mechanism comprises a central processing unit, a sunlight sensor, a temperature sensor and a driving unit, and the central processing unit is electrically connected with the sunlight sensor, the temperature sensor and the driving unit; the three temperature sensors are respectively arranged in the exchange part, the first capacity expansion part and the second capacity expansion part; the sunlight sensor is arranged on the surface, facing the sun, of the heat collecting pipe, the central processing unit receives signals of the sunlight sensor and the temperature sensor, sends an instruction to the driving unit after processing, and the driving unit is used for driving the first valve and the second valve to be opened and closed.
As an improvement of the above technical solution, the control mechanism further comprises a gear shifter, the gear shifter is provided with three gears, namely a low-capacity gear, a medium-capacity gear and a high-capacity gear, when the gear shifter is adjusted to the low-capacity gear, the first valve and the second valve are all closed, and the heat collecting pipe is only communicated with the exchange part; when the gear shifter is adjusted to be in a medium gear, the first valve is opened, the second valve is closed, and the heat collecting pipe, the exchange part and the first capacity expansion part are communicated; when the gear adjuster is adjusted to be in a high gear, the first valve and the second valve are all opened, and the heat collecting pipe, the exchange part, the first capacity expansion part and the second capacity expansion part are communicated.
As an improvement of the technical scheme, the gear shifter is arranged indoors.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the water storage tank is divided into an exchange part, a first expansion part and a second expansion part by arranging a first partition plate and a second partition plate, and the communication or partition of the exchange part, the first expansion part and the second expansion part is controlled by a first valve and a second valve, so that the interior of the water storage tank is provided with a three-gear volume, and when the first valve and the second valve are closed, the heating volume of the water storage tank is only the volume of the exchange part, the heating volume is minimum, the heating speed is fastest under the same sunlight, and the temperature is highest; the first valve is opened, the second valve is closed, the heat collecting pipe, the exchange box and the first expansion part are communicated, and the heating volume is moderate; when first valve, second valve all opened, thermal-collecting tube, commuting case, first dilatation portion and second dilatation portion intercommunication, the heating volume reaches the biggest, uses under the big condition of suitable water consumption.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a solar water heater with a variable volume according to an embodiment of the invention;
the water storage tank 10, the heat collecting pipe 20, the first partition plate 11, the exchanging part 12, the second partition plate 13, the first containing part 14, the second containing part 15, the first valve 16 and the second valve 17.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "secured to" another element, it can be directly on the other element or intervening elements may also be present. When an element is referred to as being "connected" to another element, it can be directly connected to the other element or intervening elements may also be present.
Examples
As shown in fig. 1, the solar water heater with variable volume of the present embodiment includes a water storage tank 10 and a heat collecting pipe 20; the inside of the water storage tank 10 is divided into an expansion part and an exchange part 12 by arranging a first partition plate 11, the expansion part is divided into a first expansion part 14 and a second expansion part 15 by arranging a second partition plate 13 in the expansion part, and the exchange part 12 is communicated with a heat collecting pipe 20; the first partition plate 11 is provided with a first valve 16 for communicating the exchange portion 12 and the first expansion portion 14, and the second partition plate 13 is provided with a second valve 17 for communicating the first expansion portion 14 and the second expansion portion 15.
The water storage tank 10 is divided into an exchange part 12, a first containing part 14 and a second containing part 15 by arranging a first partition plate 11 and a second partition plate 13, and the communication or the partition of the exchange part, the first containing part 14 and the second containing part 15 is controlled by a first valve 16 and a second valve 17, so that the interior of the water storage tank 10 is provided with a three-gear volume, when the first valve 16 and the second valve 17 are closed, the heating volume of the water storage tank 10 is only the volume of the exchange part 12, the heating volume is minimum, the heating speed is fastest under the same sunlight, and the temperature is highest; the first valve 16 is opened, the second valve 17 is closed, the heat collecting pipe 20, the exchanging part 12 and the first expansion part 14 are communicated, and the heating volume is moderate; when the first valve 16 and the second valve 17 are both opened, the heat collecting pipe 20, the exchange box 12, the first expansion part 14 and the second expansion part 15 are communicated, the heating volume reaches the maximum, and the heat collecting device is suitable for being used under the condition of large water consumption.
An electric heating device is arranged in the exchange part 12; the water in the water storage tank 10 is heated under the condition of weak sunlight, and meanwhile, the three-gear distribution of the heating volume in the water storage tank 10 is kept.
The first partition plate 11 and the second partition plate 13 are arranged in parallel; the first and second expansion parts 14 and 15 are arranged in an upper-lower position relationship, and cold water sinks and hot water rises, so that cold and hot water exchange is faster.
At least two first valves 16 are arranged and symmetrically distributed on the first partition plate 11; at least two second valves 17 are arranged and symmetrically distributed on the second partition plate 13; the exchange of hot and cold water between the exchanging portion 12, the first expansion portion 14, and the second expansion portion 15 is facilitated.
The sunlight sensor and the temperature sensor are electrically connected with the control mechanism, and the control mechanism comprises a central processing unit, a sunlight sensor, a temperature sensor and a driving unit; three temperature sensors are arranged and are respectively arranged in the exchange part 12, the first expansion part 14 and the second expansion part 15; the sunlight sensor is arranged on the surface, facing the sun, of the heat collecting pipe 10, the central processing unit receives signals of the sunlight sensor and the temperature sensor, sends an instruction to the driving unit after processing, and the driving unit is used for driving the first valve 16 and the second valve 17 to be opened and closed, so that the automatic adjustment of the heating volume of the water storage tank 10 is realized.
The control mechanism further comprises a gear shifter, the gear shifter is provided with three gears, namely a low-capacity gear, a medium-capacity gear and a high-capacity gear, when the gear shifter is adjusted to be the low-capacity gear, the first valve 16 and the second valve 17 are all closed, and the heat collecting pipe 10 is only communicated with the exchange part 12; when the gear shifter is adjusted to be in a middle gear, the first valve 16 is opened, the second valve 17 is closed, and the heat collecting pipe 10, the exchanging part 12 and the first accommodating part 14 are communicated; when the gear is adjusted to be in a high gear, the first valve 16 and the second valve 17 are all opened, and the heat collecting pipe 10, the exchanging part 12, the first accommodating part 14 and the second accommodating part 15 are communicated; the gear shifter is arranged indoors.
The heating volume of the water storage tank 10 is manually adjusted through a gear shifter to meet different requirements of an operator; the gear shifter is arranged indoors, so that an operator can operate the gear shifter conveniently.
It is noted that, in this document, relational terms such as first and second, and the like, if any, are used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus. Without further limitation, an element defined by the phrase "comprising an … …" does not exclude the presence of other identical elements in a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises the element.
The above examples are only intended to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, but not to limit it; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some technical features may be equivalently replaced; and such modifications or substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the corresponding technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The volume-variable solar water heater comprises a water storage tank (10) and a heat collecting pipe (20); the method is characterized in that: the inside of the water storage tank (10) is divided into an expansion part and an exchange part (12) by arranging a first partition plate (11), the expansion part is divided into a first expansion part (14) and a second expansion part (15) by arranging a second partition plate (13) in the expansion part, and the exchange part (12) is communicated with a heat collecting pipe (20); the first partition plate (11) is provided with a first valve (16) communicated with the exchange part (12) and the first containing part (14), and the second partition plate (13) is provided with a second valve (17) communicated with the first containing part (14) and the second containing part (15).
2. A variable volume solar water heater according to claim 1, wherein: the first partition plate (11) and the second partition plate (13) are arranged in parallel.
3. A variable volume solar water heater according to claim 2, wherein: the number of the first valves (16) is at least two, and the first valves are symmetrically distributed on the first partition plate (11); the number of the second valves (17) is at least two, and the second valves are symmetrically distributed on the second partition plate (13).
4. A variable volume solar water heater according to claim 3, wherein: the sunlight sensor and the temperature sensor are electrically connected with the control mechanism, and the control mechanism comprises a central processing unit, a sunlight sensor, a temperature sensor and a driving unit; the three temperature sensors are respectively arranged in the exchange part (12), the first expansion part (14) and the second expansion part (15); the sunlight sensor is arranged on the surface, facing the sun, of the heat collecting pipe (10), the central processing unit receives signals of the sunlight sensor and the temperature sensor, sends an instruction to the driving unit after processing, and the driving unit is used for driving the first valve (16) and the second valve (17) to be opened and closed.
5. A variable volume solar water heater according to claim 4, wherein: the control mechanism further comprises a gear shifter, the gear shifter is provided with three gears, namely a low-capacity gear, a medium-capacity gear and a high-capacity gear, when the gear shifter is adjusted to be the low-capacity gear, the first valve (16) and the second valve (17) are all closed, and the heat collecting pipe (10) is only communicated with the exchange part (12); when the gear shifter is adjusted to be in a medium gear, the first valve (16) is opened, the second valve (17) is closed, and the heat collecting pipe (10), the exchange part (12) and the first expansion part (14) are communicated; when the gear shifter is adjusted to be in a high gear, the first valve (16) and the second valve (17) are all opened, and the heat collecting pipe (10), the exchanging part (12), the first containing part (14) and the second containing part (15) are communicated.
6. A variable volume solar water heater according to claim 5, wherein: the gear shifter is arranged indoors.
CN202010914203.7A 2020-09-03 2020-09-03 Solar water heater with variable volume Pending CN112033029A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010914203.7A CN112033029A (en) 2020-09-03 2020-09-03 Solar water heater with variable volume

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010914203.7A CN112033029A (en) 2020-09-03 2020-09-03 Solar water heater with variable volume

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112033029A true CN112033029A (en) 2020-12-04

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ID=73591729

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010914203.7A Pending CN112033029A (en) 2020-09-03 2020-09-03 Solar water heater with variable volume

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112033029A (en)

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2405443A1 (en) * 1977-10-07 1979-05-04 Chatelain Michel Circulating system for solar heat collector - has storage tank divided into three levels fed dependent upon temp.
JP2007170690A (en) * 2005-12-19 2007-07-05 Sharp Corp Heat pump water heater and its control method
CN102829562A (en) * 2011-06-17 2012-12-19 桐庐银雁太阳能科技有限公司 Three-level heating solar water heater
US20130223826A1 (en) * 2010-12-15 2013-08-29 Wallace Bruce Solar heating for site located oil storage or separation
CN103542549A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-01-29 徐亚红 Selective solar water heating device
CN204128190U (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-28 Tcl空调器(中山)有限公司 The press-bearing water tank that capacity is adjustable and water heater
CN205351820U (en) * 2016-01-19 2016-06-29 广西国博科技有限公司 Solar water heater with automatic temperature control function
CN107926759A (en) * 2017-12-17 2018-04-20 平潭县建金电子科技有限公司 A kind of combined solar water heater device

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2405443A1 (en) * 1977-10-07 1979-05-04 Chatelain Michel Circulating system for solar heat collector - has storage tank divided into three levels fed dependent upon temp.
JP2007170690A (en) * 2005-12-19 2007-07-05 Sharp Corp Heat pump water heater and its control method
US20130223826A1 (en) * 2010-12-15 2013-08-29 Wallace Bruce Solar heating for site located oil storage or separation
CN102829562A (en) * 2011-06-17 2012-12-19 桐庐银雁太阳能科技有限公司 Three-level heating solar water heater
CN103542549A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-01-29 徐亚红 Selective solar water heating device
CN204128190U (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-28 Tcl空调器(中山)有限公司 The press-bearing water tank that capacity is adjustable and water heater
CN205351820U (en) * 2016-01-19 2016-06-29 广西国博科技有限公司 Solar water heater with automatic temperature control function
CN107926759A (en) * 2017-12-17 2018-04-20 平潭县建金电子科技有限公司 A kind of combined solar water heater device

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Application publication date: 20201204