CN112010196A - Hoisting device for air conditioner external unit for high-rise building installation or disassembly - Google Patents

Hoisting device for air conditioner external unit for high-rise building installation or disassembly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112010196A
CN112010196A CN202010857320.4A CN202010857320A CN112010196A CN 112010196 A CN112010196 A CN 112010196A CN 202010857320 A CN202010857320 A CN 202010857320A CN 112010196 A CN112010196 A CN 112010196A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hanging
plate
scissor
air conditioner
lifting
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Pending
Application number
CN202010857320.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈和东
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陈和东
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Priority to CN202010857320.4A priority Critical patent/CN112010196A/en
Publication of CN112010196A publication Critical patent/CN112010196A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/18Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes
    • B66C23/20Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes with supporting couples provided by walls of buildings or like structures
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/62Constructional features or details
    • B66C23/64Jibs
    • B66C23/68Jibs foldable or otherwise adjustable in configuration
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/62Constructional features or details
    • B66C23/64Jibs
    • B66C23/70Jibs constructed of sections adapted to be assembled to form jibs or various lengths
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/88Safety gear
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/02Driving gear
    • B66D1/04Driving gear manually operated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C2700/00Cranes
    • B66C2700/03Cranes with arms or jibs; Multiple cranes
    • B66C2700/0392Movement of the crane arm; Coupling of the crane arm with the counterweights; Safety devices for the movement of the arm

Abstract

The invention discloses a lifting device for installing or disassembling an air conditioner outdoor unit of a high-rise building, which comprises a combined supporting column, a scissor-type hanging bracket, a manual winch and a lifting rope, wherein the combined supporting column comprises a plurality of sections of connecting short columns which are combined and connected end to end; the outer end of the lifting rope is connected to the manual winch, the inner end of the lifting rope sequentially penetrates through the fixed pulleys on the upper telescopic hanging bracket and the hanging rod and then sequentially penetrates through the fixed pulleys at the outer end of the scissor-type hanging bracket, then the inner end of the lifting rope is provided with a movable pulley in a penetrating manner, and finally the inner end of the lifting rope is connected to the bottom end of the hanging rod; the bundled air conditioner external unit can be hung on the movable pulley to be lifted and transported. In the process of lifting the air conditioner outdoor unit, safe installation can be easily realized only by matching two installers inside and outside, heavy equipment such as a motor or a hydraulic cylinder is not needed, and the heavy equipment is limited by the use environment.

Description

Hoisting device for air conditioner external unit for high-rise building installation or disassembly
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of air conditioner installation equipment and hoisting equipment, in particular to a hoisting device for installing or disassembling an air conditioner external unit in a high-rise building.
Background
High-rise building installation air condensing units, rely on artifical bare-handed installation at present, generally cooperate in outer the interior with two installer, move air condensing units with the hand at the high altitude and make its window just be located the bracket usually, the air condensing units is generally about 50KG, it is heavier, because space restriction, many local operating personnel can't make power, it is very big not only to move installation air condensing units manually to consume physical power, and dangerous very big moreover, the easy emergence is unexpected, installer takes place occasionally to fall, cause installer bodily injury.
Through research discovery, the outer machine of high-rise building installation air conditioner is unexpected, and two inside and outside installer mainly exist and take place when the outer machine of transmission air conditioner, because outer machine is heavier, when indoor installer delivered outer machine to outdoor installer, outdoor installer can't be followed outer machine, leads to even people tape unit to fall.
The existing outdoor unit hoisting equipment is also used, one type is hoisting through a roof, the placement needs assistance of multiple persons, a large amount of equipment is also needed, the market price of installing an air conditioner is only 200 plus 300 yuan, the market does not obviously exist, the other type is indoor hoisting equipment, the outdoor unit is hoisted outside a window at least by the hoisting equipment, the position of the outdoor unit installation platform cannot be accurately reached, most of the outdoor unit installation platforms are not in the same plane with the outdoor unit delivery window, the outdoor unit installation platform is also transported by outdoor personnel, the equipment is heavy, and the installation personnel are inconvenient to carry.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects in the prior art, provides a lifting device for mounting or dismounting an air conditioner outdoor unit of a high-rise building, and solves the problems that no special lifting equipment with low cost is available, the risk is high due to the adoption of bare-handed mounting, and the efficiency is low when the air conditioner outdoor unit is mounted in the existing high-rise building.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a lifting device for installing or disassembling an air conditioner outdoor unit of a high-rise building comprises a combined supporting column, a scissor-type hanger, a manual winch and a lifting rope, wherein the combined supporting column comprises a plurality of sections of connecting short columns which are combined and connected end to end;
the scissor type hanging bracket comprises a connecting hanging plate, a connecting telescopic hanging plate and a scissor frame, wherein connecting round holes are respectively arranged at two ends of the connecting hanging plate, a connecting strip hole is arranged in the middle of the connecting telescopic hanging plate, a plurality of connecting hanging plates and the connecting telescopic hanging plate are alternately ended and connected through a connecting rotating shaft to form an upper telescopic hanging bracket, a plurality of connecting hanging plates and the connecting telescopic hanging plate are alternately ended and connected through the connecting rotating shaft to form a lower telescopic hanging bracket, the upper telescopic hanging bracket and the lower telescopic hanging bracket are arranged in a vertically corresponding manner, and a scissor frame is arranged between every two corresponding connecting telescopic hanging plates on the upper telescopic hanging bracket and the lower telescopic hanging bracket;
the two connecting hanging plates at the inner end of the scissor type hanging bracket are correspondingly sleeved on the bidirectional external screw thread rotary drum, and the two connecting hanging plates are closed or separated by rotating the bidirectional external screw thread rotary drum, so that the scissor type hanging bracket is extended or shortened; a hanging rod penetrates through the two connecting hanging plates at the outer end of the scissor type hanging bracket, and fixed pulleys are arranged at the outer ends of the two connecting hanging plates at the outer end; the manual winch is arranged at the outer end of the connecting hanging plate above the inner end head of the scissor type hanging bracket, and the upper end of the connecting rotating shaft and the upper end of the hanging rod arranged on the upper telescopic hanging bracket are both provided with fixed pulleys;
the outer end of the lifting rope is connected to the manual winch, the inner end of the lifting rope sequentially penetrates through the fixed pulleys on the upper telescopic hanging bracket and the hanging rod and then sequentially penetrates through the fixed pulleys at the outer end of the scissor-type hanging bracket, then the inner end of the lifting rope is provided with a movable pulley in a penetrating manner, and finally the inner end of the lifting rope is connected to the bottom end of the hanging rod; the bundled air conditioner external unit can be hung on the movable pulley to be lifted and transported.
Furthermore, the lower end of a connecting rotating shaft for connecting two ends of the telescopic hanger plate on each upper telescopic hanger is hinged with two upper end heads corresponding to the fork shearing frame, and the upper end of a connecting rotating shaft for connecting two ends of the telescopic hanger plate on each lower telescopic hanger is hinged with two lower end heads corresponding to the fork shearing frame.
Furthermore, the manual winch comprises a winch, a winch rotating shaft, a left side installation vertical plate, a right side installation vertical plate, a rotating shaft connecting plate and a crank, wherein the winch rotating shaft is fixedly arranged on the winch in a penetrating mode, two ends of the winch rotating shaft are correspondingly arranged on the left side installation vertical plate and the right side installation vertical plate, one end of the rotating shaft connecting plate is vertically connected to the right end of the winch rotating shaft, the crank is movably inserted into the other end of the rotating shaft connecting plate, an extrusion spring is sleeved on the crank penetrating through the rotating shaft connecting plate, and a plurality of pin locking holes are formed in the right side installation vertical plate corresponding to the crank in a surrounding; the inner end of the crank handle can be inserted into the pin lock hole under the elastic action of the extrusion spring;
the handle part at the outer end of the crank handle is provided with a plurality of handle plates in a surrounding manner, the outer ends of the handle plates are hinged at the outer end of the crank handle, and a pressing spring is arranged between the inner end part of each handle plate and the crank handle.
Furthermore, the connecting short columns at the top end and the bottom end of the combined supporting column are respectively provided with a pressure dividing base plate, two adjacent connecting short columns at the bottom of the combined supporting column are connected through a bidirectional inner thread buckle rotary drum, and a handwheel plate is also sleeved on the bidirectional inner thread buckle rotary drum.
Furthermore, two connecting hanging plates at the inner end of the scissor type hanging bracket are correspondingly sleeved on the bidirectional outer screw thread rotating drum through screw sleeves, and inclined pull plates connected with the corresponding screw sleeves are arranged on the connecting hanging plates above the inner end of the scissor type hanging bracket.
Furthermore, the lifting rope is wound on a fixed pulley on the connecting lifting plate below the outer end of the scissor-type lifting frame by a circle.
Furthermore, the fixed pulley and the movable pulley both comprise a U-shaped frame, a pulley rotating shaft and pulleys, the pulley rotating shaft is arranged on the pulleys in a penetrating mode, two ends of the pulley rotating shaft are correspondingly connected to the two side plates of the U-shaped frame, the fixed pulley is fixedly installed through the U-shaped frame, the movable pulley is hung on a lifting rope through the pulleys for use, and a binding rope of an air conditioner external unit is hung on the U-shaped frame of the movable pulley.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages and beneficial effects:
1. the invention relates to a lifting device for mounting or dismounting an air conditioner outdoor unit of a high-rise building, which mainly comprises a combined supporting column, a scissor-type hanging bracket, a manual winch and a lifting rope, wherein the main structure of the combined supporting column, the scissor-type hanging bracket, the manual winch and the lifting rope can be made of light alloy, such as aluminum alloy or titanium alloy, the scissor-type hanging bracket can extend to more than meters, the air conditioner outdoor unit of about kilogram can not be deformed when lifted, the combined supporting column can be dismounted and stored in a portable box, the scissor-type hanging bracket can be dismounted and then folded and stored in the portable box, the manual winch and the lifting rope can also be conveniently stored in the portable box, in the process of lifting the air conditioner outdoor unit, only two inner and outer matching of an installer are needed to easily realize safe mounting, heavy equipment such as a motor or a hydraulic cylinder is not needed, the heavy equipment is, the use cost is low, and the market demand is met;
2. the invention relates to a lifting device for installing or disassembling an air conditioner outdoor unit of a high-rise building, which is characterized in that a core component adopts an original scissor-type hanger, the scissor-type hanger mainly comprises a connecting hanger plate, a connecting telescopic hanger plate and a scissor-type bracket, the connecting hanger plate and the connecting telescopic hanger plate are mutually connected to form an upper telescopic hanger and a lower telescopic hanger, and a scissor-type bracket is arranged between every two corresponding connecting telescopic hanger plates on the upper telescopic hanger and the lower telescopic hanger, so that the scissor-type hanger has three layers of mutually connected supporting structures; two connecting hanging plates at the inner end of the scissor type hanging bracket are correspondingly sleeved on the bidirectional outer screw thread rotary drum, and the two connecting hanging plates are closed or separated by rotating the bidirectional outer screw thread rotary drum, so that the scissor type hanging bracket is extended or shortened. The scissor type hanging frame can be bent at any angle no matter in any extension state, so that an air conditioner external unit can be hung to cross an obstacle and transferred to a specified position;
the scissor-fork type hanger is different from the existing scissor-fork structure, the existing scissor-fork structure is characterized in that a plurality of scissor-fork frames are connected end to end, the telescopic of the whole scissor-fork frame is controlled by controlling the scissor-fork frame at the tail end, the supporting force of all rotating shaft joints on a plane structure is insufficient, long-distance heavy object hanging cannot be realized, and the scissor-fork type hanger can not be bent and adjusted like the scissor-fork type hanger.
3. The invention relates to a lifting device for installing or disassembling an air conditioner external unit of a high-rise building, which adopts a manual winch with a self-locking function, when the air conditioner external unit is lifted, a lifting rope is wound and unwound through the manual winch so as to control the air conditioner external unit to lift, when a crank handle is released, the inner end of the crank handle is inserted into a pin locking hole under the action of an extrusion spring, the winch is locked and rotated, and the winding and unwinding of the lifting rope are automatically controlled.
4. The fixed pulleys are arranged at the upper ends of the connecting rotating shafts and the upper ends of the hanging rods arranged on the upper telescopic hanging frames, wherein all the connecting rotating shafts arranged on the upper telescopic hanging frames are rotating joint points of the scissor-type hanging frames, and the fixed pulleys are arranged at the positions, so that the length of a hanging rope is limited no matter how the scissor-type hanging frames are bent and deformed, and the hanging height of the air conditioner outdoor unit cannot be changed when the hanging position of the scissor-type hanging frames is adjusted.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the embodiments of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiment(s) of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an extended lifting device for mounting or dismounting an air conditioner external unit on or from a high-rise building;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a lifting device for mounting or dismounting an air conditioner external unit in a shortened state for lifting a high-rise building;
FIG. 3 is a schematic front view of the scissor hanger of the present invention in an extended position;
FIG. 4 is a schematic side view of the scissor hanger of the present invention in an extended position;
FIG. 5 is a schematic side view of the scissor hanger of the present invention in an extended and flexed position;
fig. 6 is a front view schematically illustrating the structure of the manual winch according to the present invention;
fig. 7 is a side view schematically illustrating the manual winch according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the construction of the connecting hanger plate of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the construction of the present invention for connecting the telescopic hanger plates;
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural view of a fixed pulley or a movable pulley according to the present invention;
reference numbers and corresponding part names in the drawings:
1-combined supporting column, 2-scissor type hanger, 3-manual type winch, 4-lifting rope, 5-connecting short column, 6-bidirectional external screw thread rotary drum, 7-hand wheel disc, 8-connecting hanger plate, 9-connecting telescopic hanger plate, 10-scissor type frame, 11-connecting round hole, 12-connecting long hole, 13-connecting rotary shaft, 14-upper telescopic hanger plate, 15-lower telescopic hanger plate, 16-hanger rod, 17-fixed pulley, 18-movable pulley, 19-air conditioner external machine, 20-winch, 21-winch rotary shaft, 22-left side mounting vertical plate, 23-right side mounting vertical plate, 24-rotary shaft connecting plate, 25-crank handle, 26-extrusion spring, 27-pin locking hole, 28-hand holding plate, 29-pressing spring, 30-a pressure-dividing backing plate, 31-a bidirectional internal thread-button rotary drum, 32-a thread sleeve, 33-a U-shaped frame, 34-a pulley rotating shaft, 35-a pulley, 36-a traction rope and 37-an inclined pulling plate.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to examples and accompanying drawings, and the exemplary embodiments and descriptions thereof are only used for explaining the present invention and are not meant to limit the present invention.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1-10, the lifting device for installing or disassembling an air-conditioning outdoor unit in a high-rise building comprises a combined supporting column 1, a scissor-type hanger 2, a manual winch 3 and a lifting rope 4, wherein the combined supporting column 1 comprises a plurality of sections of connecting short columns 5 which are combined and connected end to end, a bidirectional external screw thread rotary drum 6 is sleeved on one section of connecting short column 5 in the middle of the combined supporting column 1, the bidirectional external screw thread rotary drum 6 is sleeved on the connecting short column 5 through a bearing, so that the bidirectional external screw thread rotary drum 6 can rotate freely, and a manual wheel disc 7 is sleeved in the middle of the bidirectional external screw thread rotary drum 6; the bidirectional external thread rotor 6 is rotated by a roulette wheel 7. The invention relates to a lifting device for installing or disassembling an air conditioner outdoor unit of a high-rise building, which mainly comprises a combined supporting column 1, a scissor-type hanger 2, a manual winch 3 and a lifting rope 4, wherein the main structure of the combined supporting column 1, the scissor-type hanger 2, the manual winch 3 and the lifting rope 4 can be made of light alloy, for example, aluminum alloy or titanium alloy, the scissor-type hanger 2 can extend to more than 10 meters, the air conditioner outdoor unit 19 of about 50 kilograms can not be lifted and lifted without deformation, the combined supporting column 1 can be disassembled and stored in a portable box, the scissor-type hanger 2 can be disassembled and then folded and stored in the portable box, the manual winch 3 and the lifting rope 4 can also be conveniently stored in the portable box, in the process of lifting the air conditioner outdoor unit 19, only two installers need to be matched inside and outside, safe installation can be easily realized, heavy equipment such as a motor or a hydraulic cylinder is not, the use cost is low, and the market demand is met.
The scissor type hanger 2 comprises a connecting hanger plate 8, a connecting telescopic hanger plate 9 and a scissor rack 10, wherein two ends of the connecting hanger plate 8 are respectively provided with a connecting round hole 11, the middle part of the connecting telescopic hanger plate 9 is provided with a connecting strip hole 12, the connecting strip hole 12 is arranged in the same direction as the connecting telescopic hanger plate 9, the scissor rack 10 is formed by hinging two strip plates through a rotating shaft, a plurality of connecting hanger plates 8 and the connecting telescopic hanger plate 9 are alternatively closed and connected through a connecting rotating shaft 13 to form an upper telescopic hanger 14, a plurality of connecting hanger plates 8 and the connecting telescopic hanger plate 9 are alternatively closed and connected through a connecting rotating shaft 13 to form a lower telescopic hanger 15, the upper telescopic hanger 14 and the lower telescopic hanger 15 are correspondingly arranged up and down, a set of scissor rack 10 is arranged between every two corresponding connecting telescopic hanger plates 9 on the upper telescopic hanger 14 and the lower telescopic hanger plate 15, the lower end of each connecting rotating shaft 13 connecting two ends of the telescopic hanger plate 9 on the upper telescopic hanger 14 is hinged with two upper ends of the scissor rack 10, the axial direction of the hinge shaft at the position of the intersection of the lower telescopic hanger 15 and the hinge shaft at the position of the intersection of the fork frame 10 is the same direction, and the upper end of each connecting rotating shaft 13 which is connected with the two ends of the telescopic hanger plate 9 on the lower telescopic hanger 15 is hinged with the two corresponding lower end heads of the fork frame 10. Through the sample test, connect hanger plate 8, connect flexible hanger plate 9 and cut fork frame 10 and adopt thickness 3 mm's Q345 steel sheet, the width is 15mm, cut fork hanger 2 state of expandeing completely, it is about 100mm to cut flexible hanger 14 and the lower telescopic hanger 15 interval of fork hanger 2, the extension length of cutting fork hanger 2 is 15m, 50 kilograms of outer machine of a lot of handling is experimental, combination formula support column 1, it all appears warping and rocking to cut fork hanger 2, the fork hanger 2 portable of this size is also convenient for store up, the extension size of actually cutting fork hanger 2 just can realize the handling installation of the outer 19 of most air conditioners at 10 m.
What cut 2 both ends heads of fork gallows all set up is that two connect hanger plate 8, cuts two of the interior end of fork gallows and connects hanger plate 8 and correspond the cover and establish on two-way external screw thread rotary drum 6, and two of this department connect hanger plate 8 than other connect hanger plate 8 size on a little wider, mainly be for the cover on two-way external screw thread rotary drum 6, in addition just this of outer end connects round hole 11 a little more, and the basic structure is the same, two of the interior end of fork gallows of cutting 2 connect hanger plate 8 and correspond to overlap through silk cover 32 and establish on two-way external screw thread rotary drum 6, are equipped with the inclined pull plate of being connected with corresponding silk cover 32 on the connection hanger plate 8 of the interior end top of fork gallows 1. The two connecting hanging plates 8 are closed or separated by rotating the bidirectional external screw thread rotating drum 6, so that the scissor type hanging bracket 2 is extended or shortened, when the scissor type hanging bracket 2 is shortened, the two adjacent connecting hanging plates 8 on the left and the right are closed, otherwise, the distance between the two adjacent connecting hanging plates 8 on the left and the right is increased; a hanging rod 16 is arranged on the two connecting hanging plates 8 at the outer end of the scissor type hanging bracket 2 in a penetrating way, and fixed pulleys 17 are arranged at the outer ends of the two connecting hanging plates 8 at the outer end; the manual winch 3 is arranged at the outer end of the connecting hanging plate 8 above the inner end of the scissor type hanging bracket 1, and the upper ends of the connecting rotating shaft 13 and the hanging rod 16 which are arranged on the upper telescopic hanging bracket 14 are also provided with fixed pulleys 17.
The invention relates to a lifting device for installing or disassembling an air-conditioning outdoor unit of a high-rise building, wherein a core component adopts an original scissor-type hanger 2, the scissor-type hanger 2 mainly comprises a connecting hanger plate 8, a connecting telescopic hanger plate 9 and a scissor-type bracket 10, the connecting hanger plate 8 and the connecting telescopic hanger plate 9 are mutually connected to form an upper telescopic hanger 14 and a lower telescopic hanger 15, and a scissor-type bracket 10 is arranged between every two corresponding connecting telescopic hanger plates 9 on the upper telescopic hanger 14 and the lower telescopic hanger 15, so that the scissor-type hanger 2 has three layers of mutually connected supporting structures; two connecting hanging plates 8 at the inner end of the scissor type hanging bracket 2 are correspondingly sleeved on the bidirectional outer screw thread rotary drum 6, and the two connecting hanging plates 8 are closed or separated by rotating the bidirectional outer screw thread rotary drum 6, so that the scissor type hanging bracket 2 is extended or shortened. No matter what extension state the scissor type hanger 2 can be bent at any angle, so that the air conditioner external unit 19 can be hung to cross an obstacle and transferred to a specified position;
the scissor-fork type hanger 2 is different from the existing scissor-fork structure, the existing scissor-fork structure is that a plurality of scissor-fork frames 10 are connected end to end, the telescopic of the whole scissor-fork frame is controlled by controlling the scissor-fork frame 10 at the tail end, the supporting force of all rotating shaft joints on a plane structure is insufficient, long-distance heavy object hanging cannot be realized, and the scissor-fork type hanger 2 can not be bent and adjusted.
The outer end of the lifting rope 4 is connected to the manual winch 3, the inner end of the lifting rope 4 sequentially penetrates through the fixed pulleys 17 on the upper telescopic hanger 14 and the lifting rod 16 and then sequentially penetrates through the fixed pulley 17 at the outer end of the scissor-type hanger 1, then the inner end of the lifting rope 4 is provided with a movable pulley 18 in a penetrating manner, and finally the inner end of the lifting rope 4 is connected to the bottom end of the lifting rod 16; the bundled air conditioner external unit 19 can be hung on the movable pulley 18 to be lifted and transported. The manual winch 3 can save labor when winching and lifting the air conditioner external unit 19 through the fixed pulley 17 and the movable pulley 18.
The invention relates to a lifting device for mounting or dismounting an air-conditioning outdoor unit of a high-rise building, wherein fixed pulleys 17 are arranged at the upper ends of a connecting rotating shaft 13 and a hanging rod 16 which are arranged on an upper telescopic hanging bracket 14, all the connecting rotating shafts 13 arranged on the upper telescopic hanging bracket 14 are rotating joint points of a scissor-type hanging bracket 2, and the fixed pulleys 17 are arranged at the positions, so that the length of a lifting rope 4 is limited no matter how the scissor-type hanging bracket 2 bends and deforms, and the lifting height of the air-conditioning outdoor unit 19 cannot be changed when the lifting position of the scissor-type hanging bracket 2 is adjusted.
The invention relates to a lifting device for installing or disassembling an air conditioner external unit in a high-rise building, which has very simple use steps, wherein a combined type supporting column 1 is firstly assembled, connecting short columns 5 are mainly connected through threads, the position of the connecting short column 5 with a bidirectional external screw thread rotary drum 6 needs to be correspondingly arranged according to the height of a lifting window of an air conditioner external unit 19, two adjacent connecting short columns 5 at the bottom of the combined type supporting column 1 are connected through a bidirectional internal screw thread rotary drum 31, a pressure division base plate 30 and the connecting short columns 5 are also connected through threads, the assembled combined type supporting column 1 is erected between a ceiling and a floor of a room, and fine adjustment is carried out by adjusting the bidirectional internal screw thread rotary drum 31, so that the upper end and the lower end of the combined type supporting column 1 are extruded on the ceiling and the;
adjusting the bidirectional external screw thread rotary drum 6 to enable the scissor type hanger 2 to be in a shortened state, and loosening the lifting rope 4; the bundled air conditioner external unit 19 can be hung on the movable pulley 18, then the manual winch 3 is shaken to lift the air conditioner external unit 19, so that the air conditioner external unit 19 can pass through a lifting window, the lifting rope 4 is left at the position where the movable pulley 18 is arranged, and when the scissor-type hanger 2 extends, the lifting rope 4 can be shortened; a traction rope 36 is tied on the air conditioner external unit 19, and the outer end of the traction rope 36 is carried to the installation position of the air conditioner external unit 19 outside the wall body by an outdoor air conditioner installer;
then an indoor installer rotates the bidirectional external screw thread rotary drum 6 through the hand wheel disc 7 to enable the scissor type hanger 2 to hang the air conditioner outdoor unit 19 to extend slowly from the installation window, a section of lifting rope 4 is properly placed according to the situation in the extension process of the scissor type hanger 2 (otherwise, the scissor type hanger 2 is limited by the lifting rope and cannot extend continuously), when the air conditioner outdoor unit 19 is completely lifted out of the window, the air conditioner outdoor unit 19 can be lifted to the installation position according to the visual observation of the scissor type hanger 2 by the outdoor installer, the extension of the scissor type hanger 2 is stopped, the outdoor installer bends the scissor type hanger 2 by slowly tensioning the traction rope 36 to drive the air conditioner outdoor unit 19 to gradually approach the upper part of the installation position, if the length of the scissor type hanger 2 is not enough, the indoor installer is informed of adjusting the extension, and when the air conditioner outdoor unit 19 is lifted to the upper part of the installation position, the, and (3) placing the air conditioner external unit 19 at the installation position, dismounting the air conditioner external unit 19, and controlling the scissor type hanging bracket 2 to be shortened indoors by indoor installers, namely completing the lifting.
Example 2
As shown in fig. 1 to 10, in the lifting device for installing or dismantling the air-conditioning outdoor unit in the high-rise building, based on embodiment 1, the manual winch 3 includes a winch 20, a winch spindle 21, a left-side installation vertical plate 22, a right-side installation vertical plate 23, a spindle connecting plate 24 and a crank handle 25, the winch spindle 21 is fixedly inserted into the winch 20, two ends of the winch spindle 21 are correspondingly installed on the left-side installation vertical plate 22 and the right-side installation vertical plate 23, one end of the spindle connecting plate 24 is vertically connected to the right end of the winch spindle 21, the crank handle 25 is movably inserted into the other end of the spindle connecting plate 24, the crank handle 25 passing through the spindle connecting plate 24 is sleeved with an extrusion spring 26, and the right-side installation vertical plate 23 corresponding to the crank handle 25 is surrounded with a plurality of pin locking; the inner end of the crank handle 25 can be inserted into the pin lock hole 27 by the elastic force of the extrusion spring 26;
the outer end of the handle 25 is provided with a plurality of handle plates 28 around the handle part, the outer end of the handle plates 28 is hinged at the outer end of the handle 25, and a pressing spring 29 is arranged between the inner end of the handle plates 28 and the handle 25.
When the handle 25 is gripped by a hand, the hand-holding plate 28 is close to the handle 25 under the extrusion of the hand, the inner end of the hand-holding plate 28 is extruded on the outer end face of the rotating shaft connecting plate 24, the handle 25 moves outwards, the inner end of the handle 25 is pulled out of the pin locking hole 27, the handle 25 can be swung to drive the winch 20 to rotate randomly, the handle 25 is loosened after the winch 20 rotates, when the handle 28 is extruded without external force, the handle 28 is unfolded under the elastic force of the pressing spring 29, and therefore the inner end of the handle 25 can be immediately inserted into the pin locking hole 27 through the elastic force of the pressing spring 26, and the position of the handle 25 is locked on the right mounting vertical plate 23.
The invention relates to a lifting device for installing or disassembling an air conditioner outdoor unit of a high-rise building, which adopts a manual winch 3 with a self-locking function, when the air conditioner outdoor unit 19 is lifted, a lifting rope 4 is retracted and released through the manual winch 3 so as to control the air conditioner outdoor unit 19 to lift, when a handle 25 is loosened, the inner end of the handle 25 is inserted into a pin locking hole 27 under the action of an extrusion spring 26, the winch 20 is locked to rotate, and the retraction and release of the lifting rope 4 are automatically controlled.
Example 3
As shown in fig. 1-10, in the lifting device for installing or dismantling an air-conditioning outdoor unit in a high-rise building, on the basis of embodiment 1, the short connecting columns 5 at the top end and the bottom end of the combined supporting column 1 are respectively provided with a pressure dividing pad 30, two adjacent short connecting columns 5 at the bottom of the combined supporting column 1 are connected through a bidirectional internal thread rotating drum 31, and the bidirectional internal thread rotating drum 31 is also sleeved with a handwheel disk 7.
The connecting short columns 5 are mainly connected through threads and assembled on site, the positions of the connecting short columns 5 with the bidirectional outer screw thread rotary drums 6 are required to be correspondingly arranged according to the height of a lifting window of an air conditioner external unit 19, the pressure dividing base plate 30 and the connecting short columns 5 are also connected through threads and are convenient to store, the assembled combined type supporting columns 1 stand between a room ceiling and a floor, fine adjustment is carried out through adjusting the bidirectional inner screw thread rotary drums 31, the upper ends and the lower ends of the combined type supporting columns 1 are extruded on the corresponding room ceiling and the corresponding floor, the combined type supporting columns 1 are firmly installed, the outer diameters of the combined type supporting columns 1 are generally arranged at about 80mm, and the combined type supporting columns are made.
Example 4
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, in the lifting device for installing or detaching the air-conditioning outdoor unit in the high-rise building, on the basis of embodiment 1, a lifting rope 4 is wound on a fixed pulley 17 on a connecting lifting plate 8 below the outer end of a scissor type lifting frame 2. The lifting rope 4 is wound on the fixed pulley 17 for a circle, on one hand, the stress of the manual winch 3 can be reduced, and on the other hand, the main function is to enable the scissor-type hanger 2 to be stressed uniformly, as can be seen from the attached drawings, the tail end of the lifting rope 4 is connected to the lower end of the lifting rod 16, so that the lifting rod 16 can bear half of the gravity of an air conditioner outdoor unit 19, the stress of the lifting rod 16 is mainly on the connecting lifting plate 8 above the outer end of the scissor-type hanger 2, the connecting lifting plate 8 below the outer end of the scissor-type hanger 2 basically does not bear the stress, so that the whole scissor-type hanger 2 is stressed non-uniformly and is easy to deform, the fixed pulley 17 at the position can bear a part of the gravity of the air conditioner outdoor unit 19 through the lifting rope 4 wound on the fixed pulley 17 on the connecting lifting plate 8 below the outer end of the scissor-type hanger 2 for a circle, and the corresponding stress can be, therefore, the whole scissor type hanging bracket 2 can realize even stress, so that the scissor type hanging bracket 2 is not easy to deform.
Example 5
As shown in fig. 1 to 10, in the lifting device for installing or detaching the air-conditioning outdoor unit in the high-rise building, on the basis of embodiment 1, each of the fixed pulley 17 and the movable pulley 18 comprises a U-shaped frame 33, a pulley rotating shaft 34 and a pulley 35, the pulley rotating shaft 34 is inserted into the pulley 35, two ends of the pulley rotating shaft 34 are correspondingly connected to two side plates of the U-shaped frame 33, the fixed pulley 17 is fixedly installed through the U-shaped frame 33, the movable pulley 18 is hung on the lifting rope 4 through the pulley 35 for use, and the binding rope of the air-conditioning outdoor unit 19 is hung on the U-shaped frame 33 of the movable pulley 18.
The above-mentioned embodiments are intended to illustrate the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention in further detail, and it should be understood that the above-mentioned embodiments are merely exemplary embodiments of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and any modifications, equivalent substitutions, improvements and the like made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides an outer quick-witted overhead hoist of air conditioner is installed or is dismantled to high-rise building, includes combination formula support column (1), cuts fork gallows (2), manual formula capstan winch (3) and lifting rope (4), its characterized in that: the combined supporting column (1) comprises a plurality of sections of connecting short columns (5) which are combined and connected end to end, a bidirectional external screw thread rotary drum (6) is sleeved on one section of connecting short column (5) in the middle of the combined supporting column (1), and a handwheel disc (7) is sleeved in the middle of the bidirectional external screw thread rotary drum (6);
the scissor type hanging bracket (2) comprises a connecting hanging plate (8), a connecting telescopic hanging plate (9) and a scissor bracket (10), wherein connecting round holes (11) are respectively formed in two ends of the connecting hanging plate (8), a connecting strip hole (12) is formed in the middle of the connecting telescopic hanging plate (9), a plurality of connecting hanging plates (8) and the connecting telescopic hanging plate (9) are alternatively closed and connected through connecting rotating shafts (13) to form an upper telescopic hanging bracket (14), a plurality of connecting hanging plates (8) and the connecting telescopic hanging plate (9) are alternatively closed and connected through connecting rotating shafts (13) to form a lower telescopic hanging bracket (15), the upper telescopic hanging bracket (14) and the lower telescopic hanging bracket (15) are vertically and correspondingly arranged, and a scissor bracket (10) is arranged between every two corresponding connecting telescopic hanging plates (9) on the upper telescopic hanging bracket (14) and the lower telescopic hanging bracket (15);
two connecting hanging plates (8) are arranged at two ends of the scissor type hanging bracket (2), the two connecting hanging plates (8) at the inner end of the scissor type hanging bracket (2) are correspondingly sleeved on the bidirectional external screw thread rotary drum (6), and the two connecting hanging plates (8) are closed or separated by rotating the bidirectional external screw thread rotary drum (6), so that the scissor type hanging bracket (2) is extended or shortened; a hanging rod (16) penetrates through the two connecting hanging plates (8) at the outer end of the scissor type hanging bracket (2), and fixed pulleys (17) are arranged at the outer ends of the two connecting hanging plates (8) at the outer end; the manual winch (3) is arranged at the outer end of the connecting hanging plate (8) above the inner end of the scissor type hanging bracket (1), and the upper end of the connecting rotating shaft (13) and the upper end of the hanging rod (16) which are arranged on the upper telescopic hanging bracket (14) are also provided with fixed pulleys (17);
the outer end of the lifting rope (4) is connected to the manual winch (3), the inner end of the lifting rope (4) sequentially penetrates through the fixed pulleys (17) on the upper telescopic hanging bracket (14) and the hanging rod (16) and then sequentially penetrates through the fixed pulleys (17) at the outer end of the scissor-type hanging bracket (1), then a movable pulley (18) penetrates through the inner end of the lifting rope (4), and finally the inner end of the lifting rope (4) is connected to the bottom end of the hanging rod (16); the bundled air conditioner external unit (19) can be hung on the movable pulley (18) to be lifted and transported.
2. The overhead hoist for installing or disassembling the outdoor unit of the air conditioner in the high-rise building as claimed in claim 1, wherein the lower end of each connecting rotating shaft (13) connected with the two ends of the telescopic hanger plate (9) on the upper telescopic hanger (14) is hinged with the two corresponding upper ends of the fork frame (10), and the upper end of each connecting rotating shaft (13) connected with the two ends of the telescopic hanger plate (9) on the lower telescopic hanger (15) is hinged with the two corresponding lower ends of the fork frame (10).
3. The handling device for the outdoor unit of the air conditioner for the high-rise building for assembling or disassembling as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that the manual winch (3) comprises a winch (20), a winch rotating shaft (21), a left side mounting vertical plate (22), a right side mounting vertical plate (23), a rotating shaft connecting plate (24) and a crank handle (25), the winch rotating shaft (21) is fixedly arranged on the winch (20) in a penetrating way, two ends of the winch rotating shaft (21) are correspondingly arranged on the left side mounting vertical plate (22) and the right side mounting vertical plate (23), one end of the rotating shaft connecting plate (24) is vertically connected to the right end of the winch rotating shaft (21), a crank handle (25) is movably inserted into the other end of the rotating shaft connecting plate (24), an extrusion spring (26) is sleeved on the crank handle (25) penetrating through the rotating shaft connecting plate (24), and a plurality of pin locking holes (27) are formed in the right side installation vertical plate (23) corresponding to the crank handle (25) in an encircling mode; the inner end of the crank handle (25) can be inserted into the pin lock hole (27) through the elastic action of the extrusion spring (26);
the outer end of the handle (25) is provided with a plurality of handle plates (28) in a surrounding way, the outer end of each handle plate (28) is hinged to the outer end of the handle (25), and a pressing spring (29) is arranged between the inner end part of each handle plate (28) and the handle (25).
4. The lifting device for the air conditioner external unit for the installation or the disassembly of the high-rise building as claimed in claim 1, wherein the connecting short columns (5) at the top end and the bottom end of the combined supporting column (1) are respectively provided with a pressure dividing base plate (30), two adjacent connecting short columns (5) at the bottom of the combined supporting column (1) are connected through a bidirectional internal thread buckle rotary cylinder (31), and the bidirectional internal thread buckle rotary cylinder (31) is also sleeved with a handwheel disk (7).
5. The lifting device for the air-conditioning outdoor unit for the high-rise building to mount or dismount is characterized in that two connecting lifting plates (8) at the inner end of the scissor type lifting frame (2) are correspondingly sleeved on the bidirectional outer screw thread rotary drum (6) through screw sleeves (32), and inclined pull plates (37) connected with the corresponding screw sleeves (32) are arranged on the connecting lifting plates (8) above the inner end of the scissor type lifting frame (1).
6. The lifting device for the air-conditioning outdoor unit for the high-rise building to mount or dismount is characterized in that the lifting rope (4) is wound on a fixed pulley (17) on the connecting lifting plate (8) below the outer end of the scissor type lifting frame (2) for one circle.
7. The lifting device for the air conditioner external unit for the high-rise building to mount or dismount as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fixed pulley (17) and the movable pulley (18) comprise a U-shaped frame (33), a pulley rotating shaft (34) and a pulley (35), the pulley rotating shaft (34) is arranged on the pulley (35) in a penetrating manner, two ends of the pulley rotating shaft (34) are correspondingly connected to two side plates of the U-shaped frame (33), the fixed pulley (17) is fixedly mounted through the U-shaped frame (33), the movable pulley (18) is hung on the lifting rope (4) through the pulley (35) for use, and the binding rope of the air conditioner external unit (19) is hung on the U-shaped frame (33) of the movable pulley (18).
CN202010857320.4A 2020-08-24 2020-08-24 Hoisting device for air conditioner external unit for high-rise building installation or disassembly Pending CN112010196A (en)

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