CN111975616B - Coal mining machine walking box polishing device convenient to use and use method - Google Patents

Coal mining machine walking box polishing device convenient to use and use method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111975616B
CN111975616B CN202010873066.7A CN202010873066A CN111975616B CN 111975616 B CN111975616 B CN 111975616B CN 202010873066 A CN202010873066 A CN 202010873066A CN 111975616 B CN111975616 B CN 111975616B
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China
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polishing
fixedly connected
shaft
driven
rotating shaft
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CN111975616A (en
Inventor
金光明
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SHAANXI HELI MACHINERY ENGINEERING Co.,Ltd.
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Shaanxi Heli Machinery Engineering Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B29/00Machines or devices for polishing surfaces on work by means of tools made of soft or flexible material with or without the application of solid or liquid polishing agents
    • B24B29/02Machines or devices for polishing surfaces on work by means of tools made of soft or flexible material with or without the application of solid or liquid polishing agents designed for particular workpieces
    • B24B29/06Machines or devices for polishing surfaces on work by means of tools made of soft or flexible material with or without the application of solid or liquid polishing agents designed for particular workpieces for elongated workpieces having uniform cross-section in one main direction
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets or pads having plane surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/66Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter
    • B01D46/74Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by forces created by movement of the filter element
    • B01D46/76Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by forces created by movement of the filter element involving vibrations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0046Column grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/02Bench grinders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • B24B41/068Table-like supports for panels, sheets or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/06Dust extraction equipment on grinding or polishing machines

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Finish Polishing, Edge Sharpening, And Grinding By Specific Grinding Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a convenient coal mining machine walking box polishing processing device and a using method in the technical field of mine underground machinery manufacturing, and the device comprises a workbench, wherein the middle part of the workbench is fixedly connected with a bracket through a bolt, the front side and the rear side of the inner wall at the top part of the bracket are respectively connected with two groups of fixed blocks with the same structure in a sliding way, the middle parts of the two groups of fixed blocks are respectively connected with a screw rod in a screw way, two ends of the two groups of screw rods are respectively connected with a supporting seat in a rotating way, the bottom ends of the four groups of supporting seats are respectively fixedly connected on the workbench, the supporting seat at the right side is respectively provided with a servo motor, the power rotating shaft of the servo motor is connected with the screw rod, the two sides at the top part of the workbench are respectively provided with a first clamp, the polishing efficiency and the polishing quality of a steel plate can be improved through a driving assembly, and the fixed frame can swing by a certain angle through the driving motor, and then the front and back positions of the polishing machine can be adjusted, so that a user can conveniently adjust the polishing area.

Description

Coal mining machine walking box polishing device convenient to use and use method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of underground mechanical manufacturing of mines, in particular to a convenient polishing processing device for a walking box of a coal mining machine and a using method.
Background
The walking box is an important component of the coal mining machine, steel plates used for manufacturing the walking box are usually required to be polished, the polishing area is not convenient to adjust when the existing device for polishing the walking box of the coal mining machine is used, polishing efficiency and polishing effect are unsatisfactory, the existing device only has a polishing function and cannot meet the requirements of enterprise production, and therefore the convenient-to-use polishing device for the walking box of the coal mining machine and the use method are provided.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a convenient polishing device for a walking box of a coal mining machine and a using method thereof, and aims to solve the problems that the polishing efficiency and effect are unsatisfactory, only the polishing function is provided, and the requirements of enterprise production cannot be met due to the fact that the polishing area is not convenient to adjust when the conventional polishing device for the walking box of the coal mining machine, which is provided in the background art, is used.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a coal mining machine walking box polishing processing device convenient to use comprises a workbench, wherein a support is fixedly connected to the middle of the workbench through bolts, two groups of fixed blocks with the same structure are slidably connected to the front side and the rear side of the inner wall of the top of the support, lead screws are screwed in the middle of the two groups of fixed blocks, two ends of the two groups of lead screws are rotatably connected with supporting seats, the bottom ends of the four groups of supporting seats are fixedly connected to the workbench, servo motors are arranged on the right side of the supporting seats, power rotating shafts of the servo motors are connected with the lead screws, first clamps are arranged on two sides of the top of the workbench, second clamps are arranged on the front side and the rear side of the support, the bottom ends of the two groups of fixed blocks are fixedly connected to a polishing assembly, a rectangular window is arranged on the front side of the support, a mounting seat is arranged on the polishing assembly, and a processing assembly is arranged on the mounting seat, the treatment assembly is connected with a circulating water pump, and the circulating water pump is fixedly connected to the water purifying tank.
Preferably, the polishing subassembly includes the mount table of being connected with the fixed block, the rear side and the mount pad fixed connection of mount table, the right side sliding connection of mount table has the slider, the bottom of slider is provided with the installation piece, and the bottom of installation piece runs through the mount table and is connected with the burnishing machine, the right-hand member fixedly connected with guide block of slider, the top of mount table is provided with the fixed station, be provided with drive assembly on the fixed station, and drive assembly is connected with the guide block.
Preferably, the drive assembly includes fixed frame, the lower part of fixed frame is provided with the guide way, and fixed frame passes through guide way and guide block swing joint, the upper portion of fixed frame is provided with the movable groove, and fixed frame passes through movable groove and movable block swing joint, the left end of movable block is rotated through round pin axle and eccentric wheel and is connected, the eccentric wheel cup joints in driving motor's power pivot, driving motor fixed connection is on the fixed station, be provided with drive assembly in driving motor's the power pivot, the top of fixed frame is provided with the axis of rotation, and the left end of axis of rotation rotates with the fixed station and is connected.
Preferably, drive assembly is including cup jointing the drive sprocket in driving motor power pivot, drive sprocket passes through the chain and is connected with driven sprocket, driven sprocket cup joints on the driven shaft, the driven shaft sets up on supporting the bearing frame, the bottom of supporting the bearing frame is through bolt and mount table fixed connection, the left end and the processing module of driven shaft are connected, the inside of driven shaft is hollow structure, support bearing frame right side fixedly connected with breathing pipe, the one end of breathing pipe runs through the mount table and extends to the below of mount table, the other end of breathing pipe extends to the inside of driven shaft.
Preferably, the processing subassembly includes the processing case of fixed connection on the mount pad, the inside of handling the case is provided with the baffle, the left side of baffle is rotated through the bearing and is connected with the rotation axis, the left end of rotation axis is provided with the flabellum, the left side of handling the case is provided with the gas vent, the right-hand member fixedly connected with quill shaft of rotation axis, and the right-hand member of quill shaft passes through the bearing and is connected with handling the case rotation, the right-hand member and the driven shaft of quill shaft communicate with each other and be connected, the outside intercommunication of quill shaft has the cavity board, evenly be provided with the through-hole on the outer wall of quill shaft and cavity board, the left end of quill shaft is provided with the clearance subassembly, the top of baffle is provided with the filter screen, the top fixed connection of.
Preferably, the clearance subassembly is including setting up the boss on the quill shaft, the one end of boss articulates there is the connecting rod, connecting rod and arc lug swing joint, the left end fixed connection of arc lug is on the baffle, the top of connecting rod is provided with the clearance ball, the right side of connecting rod is connected with the spring, the bottom of spring is connected on the swash plate, the bottom fixed connection of swash plate is on the boss.
Preferably, the bottom of the spray disc is uniformly provided with a spray head, the spray head is positioned on the right side of the filter screen, and the spray disc is communicated with a water feeding port of the circulating water pump through a pipeline.
Preferably, the water inlet of circulating water pump passes through pipeline and water purification case intercommunication, the top fixed connection of water purification case is on the mount pad, be provided with on the water purification case with handle the drain pipe of case intercommunication.
The use method of the coal mining machine walking box polishing device convenient to use specifically comprises the following steps:
s1: whether all parts on the device can stably run is checked, after the checking is finished, the steel plate is placed on a workbench, then the steel plate is fixed through a first clamp and a second clamp respectively, and then a driving motor is started;
s2: the driving motor drives the eccentric wheel to rotate, so that the movable block moves in the movable groove, the fixed frame can be driven to swing left and right around the rotating shaft, the fixed frame swings left and right, the guide block in the guide groove can horizontally move in a reciprocating mode under the guide of the sliding block, the mounting block can be driven to horizontally move in a reciprocating mode, and therefore the polishing machine can be driven to horizontally move in a reciprocating mode;
s3: when the polishing area of the steel plate needs to be changed, the servo motor drives the screw rod to rotate, so that the position of the fixing block can be changed, the position of the polishing machine can be changed, the polishing efficiency and the polishing quality of the steel plate can be improved through the driving assembly, the fixing frame can swing by a certain angle through the driving motor, the front and back positions of the polishing machine can be adjusted, and a user can conveniently adjust the polishing area;
s4: when the polishing machine moves for polishing, the driving motor can also drive the driving sprocket to rotate, so that the driven sprocket rotates, the driven sprocket rotates to drive the driven shaft to rotate through the rotation of the driven sprocket, and further drive the hollow shaft in the treatment box to rotate, so that the fan blades on the rotating shaft can be driven to rotate, the air in the treatment box is blown out by the fan blades, so that the waste gas generated during polishing enters the hollow driven shaft through the air suction pipe, then enters the hollow shaft and the hollow plate, finally is discharged into the treatment box through the through hole, the water in the water purification box is sent into the spray disc through the circulating water pump and then is sprayed out, the dust in the waste gas can be settled, the hollow shaft rotates all the time, the waste gas can be discharged by the hollow plate, the waste gas can be overturned while the waste gas is discharged, the time of the waste gas in the treatment box is prolonged, the spray settlement effect is improved, and the settled waste gas is discharged through the exhaust port after being filtered by the filter screen, avoid polluting operational environment, and when the quill shaft is rotatory, the boss is rotatory for the connecting rod constantly passes through the arc lug, and then makes the clearance ball can strike the filter screen constantly, and then can knock off adnexed dust on the filter screen, has guaranteed the effect that the filter screen used, and the subsides water after spraying passes through the drain pipe and gets into after the water purification case water purification, takes out the use through circulating water pump once more.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the fixing frame swings left and right through the rotation of the eccentric wheel, the guide block reciprocates and horizontally moves under the guide of the sliding block through the left and right swinging of the fixing frame, the mounting block can be driven to reciprocate and horizontally move, and further the polishing machine can reciprocate and horizontally move, compared with the existing fixed position, the polishing efficiency is higher, the polishing quality is higher, and when the area polished by the steel plate needs to be changed, the position of the polishing machine can be changed by changing the position of the fixing block, so that the polishing efficiency and the polishing quality of the steel plate can be improved through the driving assembly, the fixing frame can swing by a certain angle through the driving motor, the front and back positions of the polishing machine can be adjusted, and the polishing area can be conveniently adjusted by a user;
2. the drive assembly during operation, can drive transmission assembly work simultaneously, consequently, can drive the flabellum rotation of handling the incasement, make waste gas during polishing get into in the quill shaft, and the runner assembly can drive the quill shaft rotatory, make the cavity board can discharge waste gas, can make waste gas tumble when discharging waste gas again, increase the time of waste gas in handling the incasement, thereby improve waste gas and spray the effect of subsiding, and when the drive assembly drives the quill shaft rotatory, the boss is followed rotatoryly, make the connecting rod constantly pass through the arc lug, and then make the clearance ball can strike the filter screen constantly, can knock off adnexed dust on the filter screen, the effect that the filter screen used has been guaranteed, thereby can clear up the filter screen through the cooperation between transmission assembly and the clearance subassembly, with the effect of exhaust-gas treatment when guaranteeing to polish.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic side view of the bracket structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view at A of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a partial schematic view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a processing assembly according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention B.
In the figure: 1. a work table; 2. a support; 3. a fixed block; 4. a screw rod; 5. a supporting seat; 6. a servo motor; 7. a first clamp; 8. a second clamp; 9. a polishing assembly; 91. an installation table; 92. a slider; 93. mounting blocks; 94. polishing the machine; 95. a guide block; 96. a fixed table; 97. a drive assembly; 971. a fixing frame; 972. a guide groove; 973. a movable groove; 974. a movable block; 975. an eccentric wheel; 976. a drive motor; 977. a transmission assembly; 9771. a drive sprocket; 9772. a driven sprocket; 9773. a driven shaft; 9774. supporting the bearing seat; 9775. an air intake duct; 978. a rotating shaft; 10. a rectangular window; 11. a mounting seat; 12. a processing component; 121. a treatment tank; 122. a partition plate; 123. a rotating shaft; 124. a fan blade; 125. a hollow shaft; 126. a hollow plate; 127. a through hole; 128. cleaning the assembly; 1281. a boss; 1282. a connecting rod; 1283. an arc-shaped bump; 1284. cleaning the ball; 1285. a spring; 1286. a sloping plate; 129. filtering with a screen; 1210. spraying a disc; 13. a water circulating pump; 14. a purified water tank.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The invention provides a technical scheme that: a coal mining machine walking box polishing processing device convenient to use refers to figures 1 and 2, and comprises a workbench 1, wherein the middle part of the workbench 1 is fixedly connected with a support 2 through a bolt, the front side and the rear side of the inner wall of the top part of the support 2 are respectively connected with two groups of fixing blocks 3 with the same structure in a sliding way, the middle parts of the two groups of fixing blocks 3 are respectively screwed with a screw rod 4, the fixing blocks 3 can move through the rotation of the screw rods 4, the two ends of the two groups of screw rods 4 are respectively and rotatably connected with a support seat 5, the bottom ends of the four groups of support seats 5 are respectively and fixedly connected on the workbench 1, a servo motor 6 is arranged on the right support seat 5, the power rotating shaft of the servo motor 6 is connected with the screw rods 4, the servo motor 6 is connected with the power rotating shaft through a speed reducer, the two sides of the top part of the workbench 1 are respectively provided with a first clamp 7, the front side and the rear side of the support 2 are respectively provided with a second clamp 8, the first clamp 7 and the second clamp 8 are used for respectively clamping the end part of a steel plate, the equal fixed connection in bottom of two sets of fixed blocks 3 is on polishing subassembly 9, the front side of support 2 is opened and is equipped with rectangular window 10, be provided with mount pad 11 on the polishing subassembly 9, and be provided with treatment component 12 on the mount pad 11, treatment component 12 is connected with circulating water pump 13, circulating water pump 13 fixed connection is on clean water tank 14, the water source has been stored in clean water tank 14, and clean water tank 14 itself has the water purification effect, make treatment tank 121 used shower water can reuse after filtering, all electrical components in the article all control through the PLC controller, and connect external power source through the external power supply wire.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, the polishing assembly 9 includes a mounting table 91 connected to the fixed block 3, the rear side of the mounting table 91 is fixedly connected to the mounting base 11, a sliding block 92 is slidably connected to the right side of the mounting table 91, a mounting block 93 is disposed at the bottom end of the sliding block 92, a polishing machine 94 is connected to the mounting table 93 through the bottom end of the mounting block 93, the polishing machine 94 has a lifting function, so that a polishing disc of the polishing machine 94 contacts steel plates with different thicknesses, a guide block 95 is fixedly connected to the right end of the sliding block 92, a fixed table 96 is disposed at the top of the mounting table 91, a driving assembly 97 is disposed on the fixed table 96, and the driving assembly 97 is connected to the guide block 95.
Referring to fig. 2, 3 and 4, the driving assembly 97 includes a fixed frame 971, a guide groove 972 is disposed at a lower portion of the fixed frame 971, the fixed frame 971 is movably connected to the guide block 95 through the guide groove 972, a movable groove 973 is disposed at an upper portion of the fixed frame 971, the fixed frame 971 is movably connected to the movable block 974 through the movable groove 973, a left end of the movable block 974 is rotatably connected to an eccentric wheel 975 through a pin, the eccentric wheel 975 is sleeved on a power rotating shaft of a driving motor 976, the driving motor 976 is fixedly connected to the fixed table 96, the driving motor 976 is connected to the power rotating shaft through a speed reducer, a transmission assembly 977 is disposed on the power rotating shaft of the driving motor 976, a rotating shaft 978 is disposed at a top portion of the fixed frame 971, a left end of the rotating shaft 978 is rotatably connected to the fixed table 96, the eccentric wheel 975 is driven to rotate by the driving motor 976, so that the movable block 974 can drive the fixed frame 971 to swing, and further the guide block 95 drives the slider 92 to slide on the mounting table 91, thereby can drive burnishing machine 94 reciprocating horizontal migration, through the reciprocal horizontal migration of burnishing machine 94 on the surface of steel sheet, it is higher to compare current fixed position polishing efficiency, and the polishing quality is higher.
Referring to fig. 2, 3, 4 and 5, the transmission assembly 977 includes a driving sprocket 9771 sleeved on a power shaft of a driving motor 976, the driving sprocket 9771 is connected to a driven sprocket 9772 through a chain, the driven sprocket 9772 is sleeved on a driven shaft 9773, the driven shaft 9773 is disposed on a supporting bearing seat 9774, the bottom of the supporting bearing seat 9774 is fixedly connected to the mounting table 91 through a bolt, the left end of the driven shaft 9773 is connected to the processing assembly 12, when the driving motor 976 operates, the driving sprocket 9771 can drive the driven sprocket 9772 to rotate, so that the driven shaft 9773 rotates, and further drives the fan blades 124 in the processing box 121 to rotate, the inside of the driven shaft 9773 is hollow, the right side of the supporting bearing seat 9774 is fixedly connected with an air suction pipe 9775, one end of the air suction pipe 9775 penetrates through the mounting table 91 and extends to the lower side of the mounting table 91, the other end of the air suction pipe 9775 extends to the inside of the driven shaft 9773, when the fan blades 124 rotate, the exhaust gas enters the driven shaft 9773 through the suction pipe 9775 and then enters the processing box 121, and when the polishing position is changed, the suction pipe 9775 moves along with the change of the polishing position, so that the exhaust gas during polishing can be always pumped away for the first time, and the purity of the working environment can be ensured.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, the processing assembly 12 includes a processing box 121 fixedly connected to the mounting base 11, a partition 122 is disposed inside the processing box 121, a rotating shaft 123 is rotatably connected to the left side of the partition 122 through a bearing, a fan 124 is disposed at the left end of the rotating shaft 123, an exhaust port is disposed at the left side of the processing box 121, the processed exhaust gas is exhausted through the exhaust port, a hollow shaft 125 is fixedly connected to the right end of the rotating shaft 123, the right end of the hollow shaft 125 is rotatably connected to the processing box 121 through a bearing, the right end of the hollow shaft 125 is connected to a driven shaft 9773, a hollow plate 126 is communicated with the outside of the hollow shaft 125, through holes 127 are uniformly disposed on the outer walls of the hollow shaft 125 and the hollow plate 126, the exhaust gas enters the hollow shaft 125 through the driven shaft 9773 and is then exhausted into the processing box 121 through the hollow shaft 125 and the through holes 127 on the hollow plate 126, a cleaning assembly 128 is disposed at the left end of the hollow shaft 125, the top of baffle 122 is provided with filter screen 129, and the top fixed connection of filter screen 129 is on the inner wall of handling the case 121, and the inner wall top of handling the case 121 is provided with spray tray 1210.
Referring to fig. 6, the cleaning assembly 128 includes a boss 1281 disposed on the hollow shaft 125, one end of the boss 1281 is hinged to a connecting rod 1282, the connecting rod 1282 is movably connected to the arc-shaped boss 1283, the left end of the arc-shaped boss 1283 is fixedly connected to the partition 122, a cleaning ball 1284 is disposed at the top end of the connecting rod 1282, a spring 1285 is connected to the right side of the connecting rod 1282, the bottom end of the spring 1285 is connected to the inclined plate 1286, the bottom end of the inclined plate 1286 is fixedly connected to the boss 1281, the connecting rod 1282 is always inclined towards the direction of the filter screen 129 by the spring 1285, and when the connecting rod 1282 rotates along with the boss 1281, the connecting rod 1282 passes through the arc-shaped boss 1283, so that the connecting rod 1282 can drive the cleaning ball 1284 to strike the filter screen 129, thereby knocking off dust attached to the filter screen 129, thereby, while polishing, exhaust gas can be pumped away, the effect of exhaust gas treatment can be improved, and the use effect of the filter screen 129 can be ensured, making the device have good social needs.
The bottom of the spray disc 1210 is uniformly provided with spray heads, the spray heads are positioned on the right side of the filter screen 129, and the spray disc 1210 is communicated with a water feeding port of the circulating water pump 13 through a pipeline.
The water inlet of the circulating water pump 13 is communicated with a purified water tank 14 through a pipeline, the top of the purified water tank 14 is fixedly connected to the mounting base 11, and a drain pipe communicated with the treatment tank 121 is arranged on the purified water tank 14.
A use method of a coal mining machine walking box polishing device convenient to use comprises the following steps:
s1: whether all parts on the device can run stably is checked, after the checking is finished, a steel plate is placed on the workbench 1, then the steel plate is fixed through the first clamp 7 and the second clamp 8 respectively, and then the driving motor 976 is started;
s2: the driving motor 976 drives the eccentric wheel 975 to rotate, so that the movable block 974 moves in the movable groove 973, and further drives the fixed frame 971 to swing left and right around the rotating shaft 978, the fixed frame 971 swings left and right, the guide block 95 in the guide groove 972 reciprocates horizontally under the guide of the sliding block 92, and further drives the mounting block 93 to reciprocate horizontally, so that the polishing machine 94 can be driven to reciprocate horizontally, and the polishing machine 94 reciprocates horizontally on the surface of a steel plate, so that compared with the existing fixed position, the polishing efficiency is higher, and the polishing quality is higher;
s3: when the polishing area of the steel plate needs to be changed, the servo motor 6 drives the screw rod 4 to rotate, so that the position of the fixing block 3 can be changed, and further the position of the polishing machine 94 can be changed, the polishing efficiency and the polishing quality of the steel plate can be improved through the driving assembly 97, the fixing frame 971 can swing by a certain angle through the driving motor 976, the front and back positions of the polishing machine 94 can be adjusted, a user can conveniently adjust the polishing area, and the polishing machine is convenient to use;
s4: when the polishing machine 94 moves for polishing, the driving motor 976 can also drive the driving sprocket 9771 to rotate, so that the driven sprocket 9772 rotates, the driven shaft 9773 rotates through the rotation of the driven sprocket 9772, and the hollow shaft 125 in the processing box 121 rotates, so that the fan blade 124 on the rotating shaft 123 can be driven to rotate, the fan blade 124 blows out the air in the processing box 121, so that the exhaust gas generated during polishing enters the hollow driven shaft 9773 through the air suction pipe 9775, then enters the hollow shaft 125 and the hollow plate 126, finally is discharged into the processing box 121 through the through hole 127, the water in the water purifying box 14 is sent into the spray disc 1210 through the circulating water pump 13 and is sprayed out, so that the dust in the exhaust gas can be settled, and the hollow shaft 125 rotates all the time, so that the hollow plate 126 can discharge the exhaust gas, and the exhaust gas can be overturned at the same time when discharging the exhaust gas, so that the time in the processing box 121 is increased, and the spray settling effect is improved, waste gas after subsiding is discharged through the gas vent after filtering through filter screen 129, avoid polluting work environment, and when quill shaft 125 is rotatory, boss 1281 is rotatory, make connecting rod 1282 constantly pass through arc lug 1283, arc lug 1283 can avoid blocking connecting rod 1282, spring 1285 can make connecting rod 1282 have the trend that filter screen 129 moved all the time, and then make clearance ball 1284 can strike filter screen 129 constantly, and then can knock off adnexed dust on the filter screen 129, the effect that filter screen 129 used has been guaranteed, after subsiding water after spraying passes through drain pipe entering water purification tank 14 water purification, use is taken out through circulating water pump 13 once more, thereby in polishing, both can take away waste gas, can improve exhaust-gas treatment's effect again, and can also guarantee filter screen 129's result of use, make the device have good social needs.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (1)

1. The utility model provides a coal-winning machine walking case polishing processingequipment convenient to use, includes workstation (1), its characterized in that: the middle part of the workbench (1) is fixedly connected with a support (2) through a bolt, the front side and the rear side of the inner wall at the top part of the support (2) are respectively connected with two groups of fixed blocks (3) with the same structure in a sliding way, the middle parts of the two groups of fixed blocks (3) are respectively screwed with a lead screw (4), the two ends of the lead screws (4) are respectively connected with a support seat (5) in a rotating way, the bottom ends of the four groups of support seats (5) are respectively and fixedly connected on the workbench (1), the support seat (5) at the right side is respectively provided with a servo motor (6), the power rotating shaft of the servo motor (6) is connected with the lead screw (4), the two sides at the top part of the workbench (1) are respectively provided with a first clamp (7), the front side and the rear side of the support (2) are respectively provided with a second clamp (8), and the bottom ends of the two groups of the fixed blocks (3) are respectively and fixedly connected on a polishing component (9), a rectangular window (10) is arranged on the front side of the support (2), a mounting seat (11) is arranged on the polishing assembly (9), a treatment assembly (12) is arranged on the mounting seat (11), the treatment assembly (12) is connected with a circulating water pump (13), and the circulating water pump (13) is fixedly connected to a water purification tank (14);
the polishing assembly (9) comprises an installation table (91) connected with the fixed block (3), the rear side of the installation table (91) is fixedly connected with an installation seat (11), the right side of the installation table (91) is slidably connected with a sliding block (92), the bottom end of the sliding block (92) is provided with an installation block (93), the bottom end of the installation block (93) penetrates through the installation table (91) to be connected with a polishing machine (94), the right end of the sliding block (92) is fixedly connected with a guide block (95), the top of the installation table (91) is provided with a fixed table (96), the fixed table (96) is provided with a driving assembly (97), and the driving assembly (97) is connected with the guide block (95);
the driving component (97) comprises a fixed frame (971), the lower part of the fixed frame (971) is provided with a guide groove (972), and the fixed frame (971) is movably connected with the guide block (95) through a guide groove (972), the upper part of the fixed frame (971) is provided with a movable groove (973), and the fixed frame (971) is movably connected with the movable block (974) through a movable groove (973), the left end of the movable block (974) is rotatably connected with an eccentric wheel (975) through a pin shaft, the eccentric wheel (975) is sleeved on a power rotating shaft of the driving motor (976), the driving motor (976) is fixedly connected to the fixed table (96), a power rotating shaft of the driving motor (976) is provided with a transmission component (977), the top of the fixed frame (971) is provided with a rotating shaft (978), and the left end of the rotating shaft (978) is rotatably connected with the fixed table (96);
the transmission assembly (977) comprises a driving chain wheel (9771) sleeved on a power rotating shaft of a driving motor (976), the driving chain wheel (9771) is connected with a driven chain wheel (9772) through a chain, the driven chain wheel (9772) is sleeved on a driven shaft (9773), the driven shaft (9773) is arranged on a supporting bearing seat (9774), the bottom of the supporting bearing seat (9774) is fixedly connected with an installation table (91) through a bolt, the left end of the driven shaft (9773) is connected with the processing assembly (12), the inside of the driven shaft (9773) is of a hollow structure, an air suction pipe (9775) is fixedly connected to the right side of the supporting bearing seat (9774), one end of the air suction pipe (9775) penetrates through the installation table (91) and extends to the lower side of the installation table (91), and the other end of the air suction pipe (9775) extends to the inside of the driven shaft (9773);
the treatment component (12) comprises a treatment box (121) fixedly connected to the mounting seat (11), a partition plate (122) is arranged inside the treatment box (121), the left side of the partition plate (122) is rotatably connected with a rotating shaft (123) through a bearing, fan blades (124) are arranged at the left end of the rotating shaft (123), an exhaust port is arranged at the left side of the treatment box (121), a hollow shaft (125) is fixedly connected to the right end of the rotating shaft (123), the right end of the hollow shaft (125) is rotatably connected with the treatment box (121) through a bearing, the right end of the hollow shaft (125) is communicated and connected with a driven shaft (9773), a hollow plate (126) is communicated with the outside of the hollow shaft (125), through holes (127) are uniformly formed in the outer walls of the hollow shaft (125) and the hollow plate (126), and a cleaning component (128) is arranged at the left end of the hollow shaft (125), a filter screen (129) is arranged at the top of the partition plate (122), the top end of the filter screen (129) is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the treatment box (121), and a spray disc (1210) is arranged at the top of the inner wall of the treatment box (121);
the cleaning assembly (128) comprises a boss (1281) arranged on a hollow shaft (125), one end of the boss (1281) is hinged with a connecting rod (1282), the connecting rod (1282) is movably connected with an arc-shaped bump (1283), the left end of the arc-shaped bump (1283) is fixedly connected to a partition plate (122), a cleaning ball (1284) is arranged at the top end of the connecting rod (1282), a spring (1285) is connected to the right side of the connecting rod (1282), the bottom end of the spring (1285) is connected to an inclined plate (1286), and the bottom end of the inclined plate (1286) is fixedly connected to the boss (1281);
the bottom of the spray disc (1210) is uniformly provided with spray heads, the spray heads are positioned on the right side of the filter screen (129), and the spray disc (1210) is communicated with a water feeding port of the circulating water pump (13) through a pipeline;
a water inlet of the circulating water pump (13) is communicated with a purified water tank (14) through a pipeline, the top of the purified water tank (14) is fixedly connected to the mounting base (11), and a drain pipe communicated with the treatment tank (121) is arranged on the purified water tank (14);
the use method of the device comprises the following steps:
s1: whether all parts on the device can run stably is checked, after the checking is finished, a steel plate is placed on the workbench (1), then the steel plate is fixed through the first clamp (7) and the second clamp (8), and then the driving motor (976) is started;
s2: the driving motor (976) drives the eccentric wheel (975) to rotate, so that the movable block (974) moves in the movable groove (973), and further can drive the fixed frame (971) to swing left and right around the rotating shaft (978), the fixed frame (971) swings left and right, so that the guide block (95) in the guide groove (972) reciprocates horizontal movement under the guide of the sliding block (92), and further can drive the mounting block (93) to reciprocate horizontal movement, so that the polishing machine (94) can be driven to reciprocate horizontal movement, the polishing machine (94) reciprocates horizontal movement on the surface of a steel plate, compared with the prior fixed position, the polishing efficiency is higher, and the polishing quality is higher;
s3: when the polishing area of the steel plate needs to be changed, the servo motor (6) drives the screw rod (4) to rotate, so that the position of the fixing block (3) can be changed, the position of the polishing machine (94) can be changed, the polishing efficiency and the polishing quality of the steel plate can be improved through the driving assembly (97), the fixing frame (971) can swing by a certain angle through the driving motor (976), the front and back positions of the polishing machine (94) can be adjusted, and a user can conveniently adjust the polishing area;
s4: when the polishing machine (94) moves for polishing, the driving motor (976) can also drive the driving chain wheel (9771) to rotate, so that the driven chain wheel (9772) rotates, the driven shaft (9773) is driven to rotate through the rotation of the driven chain wheel (9772), and then the hollow shaft (125) in the treatment box (121) is driven to rotate, so that the fan blade (124) on the rotating shaft (123) can be driven to rotate, the fan blade (124) blows out the air in the treatment box (121), so that the waste gas generated during polishing enters the hollow driven shaft (9773) through the air suction pipe (9775), then enters the hollow shaft (125) and the hollow plate (126), finally is discharged into the treatment box (121) through the through hole (127), the water in the water purification box (14) is sent into the spray disc (1210) through the circulating water pump (13) and then is sprayed out, the dust in the waste gas can be settled, and the hollow shaft (125) rotates all the time, so that the hollow plate (126) can discharge the waste gas, and make waste gas tumble when exhaust waste gas again, increase the time of waste gas in handling case (121), thereby improve and spray the effect of subsiding, waste gas after subsiding filters through filter screen (129) and discharges through the gas vent, avoid polluting operational environment, and when quill shaft (125) is rotatory, boss (1281) is rotatory, make connecting rod (1282) constantly through arc lug (1283), and then make clearance ball (1284) can strike filter screen (129) constantly, and then can knock adnexed dust on filter screen (129), the effect that filter screen (129) used has been guaranteed, after the subsided water after spraying got into water purification case (14) water purification through the drain pipe, take out the use through circulating water pump (13) once more.
CN202010873066.7A 2020-08-26 2020-08-26 Coal mining machine walking box polishing device convenient to use and use method Active CN111975616B (en)

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