CN111691801A - Preparation method of wooden fireproof door and wooden fireproof door - Google Patents

Preparation method of wooden fireproof door and wooden fireproof door Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111691801A
CN111691801A CN202010568761.2A CN202010568761A CN111691801A CN 111691801 A CN111691801 A CN 111691801A CN 202010568761 A CN202010568761 A CN 202010568761A CN 111691801 A CN111691801 A CN 111691801A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
door
frame
fire
fireproof
wooden
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010568761.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
严月芳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Taizhou Jiangshan Fire Equipment Co ltd
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Taizhou Jiangshan Fire Equipment Co ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Taizhou Jiangshan Fire Equipment Co ltd filed Critical Taizhou Jiangshan Fire Equipment Co ltd
Priority to CN202010568761.2A priority Critical patent/CN111691801A/en
Publication of CN111691801A publication Critical patent/CN111691801A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B5/00Doors, windows, or like closures for special purposes; Border constructions therefor
    • E06B5/10Doors, windows, or like closures for special purposes; Border constructions therefor for protection against air-raid or other war-like action; for other protective purposes
    • E06B5/16Fireproof doors or similar closures; Adaptations of fixed constructions therefor
    • E06B5/161Profile members therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27MWORKING OF WOOD NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B27B - B27L; MANUFACTURE OF SPECIFIC WOODEN ARTICLES
    • B27M1/00Working of wood not provided for in subclasses B27B - B27L, e.g. by stretching
    • B27M1/08Working of wood not provided for in subclasses B27B - B27L, e.g. by stretching by multi-step processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27MWORKING OF WOOD NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B27B - B27L; MANUFACTURE OF SPECIFIC WOODEN ARTICLES
    • B27M3/00Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles
    • B27M3/18Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles of furniture or of doors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B13/00Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material
    • B32B13/04Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material comprising such water setting substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B13/00Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material
    • B32B13/04Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material comprising such water setting substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B13/10Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material comprising such water setting substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of wood; of wood particle board
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B21/00Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board
    • B32B21/04Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board comprising wood as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B21/042Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board comprising wood as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of wood
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • B32B21/00Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board
    • B32B21/14Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board comprising wood board or veneer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • B32B37/00Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding
    • B32B37/10Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding characterised by the pressing technique, e.g. using action of vacuum or fluid pressure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B37/00Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding
    • B32B37/12Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding characterised by using adhesives
    • B32B37/1284Application of adhesive
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B7/00Layered products characterised by the relation between layers; Layered products characterised by the relative orientation of features between layers, or by the relative values of a measurable parameter between layers, i.e. products comprising layers having different physical, chemical or physicochemical properties; Layered products characterised by the interconnection of layers
    • B32B7/04Interconnection of layers
    • B32B7/12Interconnection of layers using interposed adhesives or interposed materials with bonding properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00
    • B32B9/002Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising natural stone or artificial stone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00
    • B32B9/04Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B9/042Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of wood
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B1/00Border constructions of openings in walls, floors, or ceilings; Frames to be rigidly mounted in such openings
    • E06B1/04Frames for doors, windows, or the like to be fixed in openings
    • E06B1/06Wooden frames
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B1/00Border constructions of openings in walls, floors, or ceilings; Frames to be rigidly mounted in such openings
    • E06B1/04Frames for doors, windows, or the like to be fixed in openings
    • E06B1/34Coverings, e.g. protecting against weather, for decorative purposes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B1/00Border constructions of openings in walls, floors, or ceilings; Frames to be rigidly mounted in such openings
    • E06B1/04Frames for doors, windows, or the like to be fixed in openings
    • E06B1/52Frames specially adapted for doors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/70Door leaves
    • E06B3/7015Door leaves characterised by the filling between two external panels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B5/00Doors, windows, or like closures for special purposes; Border constructions therefor
    • E06B5/10Doors, windows, or like closures for special purposes; Border constructions therefor for protection against air-raid or other war-like action; for other protective purposes
    • E06B5/16Fireproof doors or similar closures; Adaptations of fixed constructions therefor
    • E06B5/164Sealing arrangements between the door or window and its frame, e.g. intumescent seals specially adapted therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2250/00Layers arrangement
    • B32B2250/40Symmetrical or sandwich layers, e.g. ABA, ABCBA, ABCCBA
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/10Properties of the layers or laminate having particular acoustical properties
    • B32B2307/102Insulating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/30Properties of the layers or laminate having particular thermal properties
    • B32B2307/304Insulating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/30Properties of the layers or laminate having particular thermal properties
    • B32B2307/306Resistant to heat
    • B32B2307/3065Flame resistant or retardant, fire resistant or retardant
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/50Properties of the layers or laminate having particular mechanical properties
    • B32B2307/54Yield strength; Tensile strength
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/70Other properties
    • B32B2307/718Weight, e.g. weight per square meter
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2309/00Parameters for the laminating or treatment process; Apparatus details
    • B32B2309/04Time
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2309/00Parameters for the laminating or treatment process; Apparatus details
    • B32B2309/12Pressure
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/70Door leaves
    • E06B3/7015Door leaves characterised by the filling between two external panels
    • E06B2003/7042Door leaves characterised by the filling between two external panels with a fire retardant layer

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of fireproof doors, and discloses a wooden fireproof door which comprises a door frame and a door leaf, wherein a vertical frame and a horizontal frame of the door frame are both made of fast-growing wood flame-retardant laminated veneer lumber, a fireproof plate and a decorative clamping plate are sequentially adhered to a fire receiving surface of the door frame, a groove is formed in the contact part of the inner side surface of the door frame and the periphery of the door leaf, a fireproof expansion sealing strip is arranged in the groove, and a plurality of door leaf frameworks are arranged inside the door leaf. According to the manufacturing method of the wooden fireproof door and the wooden fireproof door, the flame-retardant laminated veneer lumber fireproof door frame and the door leaf framework are manufactured by adopting the rotary-cut veneer of the low-quality wood, the use value of the low-quality wood is improved, the dependence of the wooden fireproof door on high-quality wood is reduced, natural forest resources are protected, the veneer is subjected to normal-pressure impregnation flame-retardant treatment, and when the fire surface of the wooden fireproof door is subjected to flame and high-temperature action, the door frame and the door leaf are not prone to bending deformation.

Description

Preparation method of wooden fireproof door and wooden fireproof door
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of fireproof doors, in particular to a preparation method of a wooden fireproof door and the wooden fireproof door.
Background
The fireproof door is a door which can meet the requirements of fire-resistant stability, integrity and heat insulation within a certain time, and is a fireproof partition with certain fire resistance arranged in a fireproof partition room, an evacuation staircase, a vertical shaft and the like.
The fire door in the prior art mainly achieves the purpose of fire prevention by means of flame retardance of perlite lining, the whole structure of the wooden fire door is extremely simple and easy to manufacture, the planting area of fast-growing wood in China is continuously enlarged, and the storage quantity and the felling quantity of the fast-growing wood are increased year by year.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides the preparation method of the wooden fireproof door and the wooden fireproof door, which can replace solid wood for manufacturing, reduce the consumption of trees, reduce the production cost, simultaneously have the problems of good flame retardant effect and the like, and improve the use value of low-quality fast-growing wood.
(II) technical scheme
In order to realize the purposes of reducing the consumption of trees by replacing solid wood manufacturing, reducing the production cost and having good flame retardant effect, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a wooden fire door that prevents, includes door frame and door leaf, the vertical frame of door frame, horizontal frame are made by the fire-retardant veneer laminated timber of fast-growing timber, paste in proper order at the face of being fired of door frame and have PLASTIC LAMINATED and decorate splint, open at door frame inboard surface and the peripheral contact department of door leaf and have the slot, are equipped with fire prevention expansion seal strip in the slot, and the inside of door leaf is provided with a plurality of door leaf skeletons.
Preferably, the longitudinal texture of the wood grain of the laminated veneer lumber is parallel to the length directions of the vertical frame and the upper and lower horizontal frames of the door frame, and the adhesive layer surface of the laminated veneer lumber is perpendicular to the surface of the door leaf.
Preferably, the width of the frame of the door frame is 90-110 mm, and the thickness is 40-50 mm.
Preferably, the door leaf framework is made of a flame-retardant veneer laminated wood of fast-growing wood, the door leaf framework is a frame formed by two horizontal keels and two vertical keels, and at least one vertical keel and one horizontal keel are arranged in the frame.
Preferably, the longitudinal texture of the wood grain of the laminated veneer lumber is parallel to the length direction of the keel of the door leaf framework, and the glue layer surface of the laminated veneer lumber is vertical to the surface of the door leaf.
Preferably, the fireproof door lining plate and the decorative clamping plate are sequentially stuck to two sides of the door leaf framework, and inorganic fireproof materials are filled in the fireproof door lining plate clamping cavity.
A preparation method of a wooden fireproof door comprises the following steps:
1) the manufacturing of the wooden fire door frame, utilize the polyurethane fire prevention glue to compound the laminated veneer lumber of 15 mm-20 mm thickness into the laminated veneer lumber of 45 mm-60 mm thickness, and then saw it into the laminated veneer lumber board side of 33 mm-45 mm thickness, 45 mm-60 mm width with the saw blade, will saw into the laminated veneer lumber board side of specified length and use the nail gun nail of the yard to assemble into the wooden fire door frame, and place the laminated veneer lumber board side of the same thickness as the lock block in the specified position;
2) manufacturing a wood fireproof door core plate, sanding a light laminated veneer lumber into the thickness same as that of a wood fireproof door frame by using a sanding machine, sawing the light laminated veneer lumber into specified sizes by using a saw blade, namely the length and the width of the light laminated veneer lumber are 0.2-0.3 mm smaller than those of a door frame, placing the light laminated veneer lumber into a gap position of the door frame, and coating polyurethane fireproof glue between the core plate and the frame to enable the light laminated veneer lumber to be tightly combined with the door frame;
3) the production of the fireproof layer of the vermiculite plate or the glass magnesium plate comprises the steps of sanding the vermiculite plate or the glass magnesium plate into a thickness of 3mm by a sander, cutting the vermiculite plate or the glass magnesium plate into pieces with the same size as a door frame by a saw blade, coating polyurethane fireproof glue on one surface of the vermiculite plate or the glass magnesium plate, and placing the pieces on two sides of the door frame and the door core plate for adhesion;
4) the manufacturing of the wooden fire door panel, cut the 5 mm-8 mm thick fire board into the length and width of the door frame-by the saw blade, coat the fire-proof glue of polyurethane on the single side, put on the vermiculite slab or glass magnesium board fire barrier and paste;
5) compounding by adopting a cold pressing process, wherein the pressurizing time is 60-120 minutes, the pressure is 1.0-2.2 kg/cm, and the mixture is placed for 24 hours after pressure relief;
6) and (3) making a wooden door model on a panel of the compounded semi-finished wooden fireproof door, manually pasting a solid wood veneer subjected to flame retardant treatment, or milling various wooden door models by using a numerical control milling machine, and performing surface repairing, sanding and surface coating to manufacture a novel wooden fireproof door finished product.
(III) advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the invention provides the preparation method of the wooden fireproof door and the wooden fireproof door, and the preparation method has the following beneficial effects:
1. the method for manufacturing the wooden fireproof door and the wooden fireproof door are characterized in that the flame-retardant laminated veneer lumber fireproof door frame and the door leaf framework are manufactured by adopting the rotary-cut veneer of low-quality wood, the use value of the low-quality wood is improved, the dependence of the wooden fireproof door on high-quality wood is reduced, natural forest resources are protected, the veneer is subjected to normal-pressure impregnation flame-retardant treatment, the method is simple, the absorption amount of the veneer on a flame retardant is high and can reach 14-17%, the content of the flame retardant in the flame retardant laminated veneer lumber is consistent inside and outside, the flame retardant performance is good, the cost is low, the longitudinal texture of wood grains of the laminated veneer lumber is parallel to the length direction of the door frame or the door leaf framework keel, meanwhile, the glue layer is perpendicular to the surface of the door leaf, and when the fire.
2. The preparation method of the wooden fireproof door and the wooden fireproof door have the advantages that the laminated veneer lumber is used as the core board, the production cost is reduced, the product added value is improved, the consumption of wood raw materials is reduced, the comprehensive utilization rate of wood is improved, the characteristics of light weight, heat preservation, good sound insulation performance, high overall strength, smooth surface and convenience in processing are realized, the fireproof and flame retardant performances can be realized, and the obvious heat preservation and sound insulation performance and deformation prevention capacity are realized.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The first embodiment is as follows: a preparation method of a wooden fireproof door and the wooden fireproof door comprise the following steps:
a wooden fireproof door comprises a door frame and door leaves, wherein the width of a frame of the door frame is 90-110 mm, the thickness of the door frame is 40-50 mm, a vertical frame and a horizontal frame of the door frame are both made of fast-growing wood flame-retardant laminated veneer lumber, the longitudinal texture of wood grains of the veneer laminated veneer lumber is parallel to the length direction of the vertical frame and the upper and lower horizontal frames of the door frame, the adhesive layer surface of the veneer laminated veneer lumber is perpendicular to the surface of the door leaves, a fireproof plate and a decorative splint are sequentially adhered to the fire-receiving surface of the door frame, a groove is formed at the contact part of the inner side surface of the door frame and the periphery of the door leaves, a fireproof expansion sealing strip is arranged in the groove, a plurality of door leaf frameworks are arranged inside the door leaves, the door leaf frameworks are made of the fast-growing wood flame-retardant veneer laminated veneer lumber, the door leaf frameworks are formed by the frame consisting of two horizontal keels and two vertical keels, at least, meanwhile, the glue layer surface of the laminated veneer lumber is vertical to the surface of the door leaf, the two sides of the door leaf framework are sequentially stuck with a fireproof door lining plate and a decorative clamping plate, and inorganic fireproof materials are filled in the fireproof door lining plate clamping cavity.
1) The manufacturing of the wooden fire door frame, utilize the polyurethane fire prevention glue to compound the laminated veneer lumber of 15mm thickness into the laminated veneer lumber of 45mm thickness, reuse the saw blade to saw it into the laminated veneer lumber board side of 33mm thickness, 45mm width, bind the laminated veneer lumber board side of the specified length into the wooden fire door frame with the nail gun nail of the code, and position the laminated veneer lumber board side of the same thickness as the lock block in the specified position;
2) the manufacturing of the wooden fire door core plate, sand light single-board laminated material into the thickness the same as the wooden fire door frame with the grinder, saw into the specified size with the saw blade, namely the length and width are smaller than the length and width of the door frame by 0.2mm, put into the gap position of the door frame, and coat the fire-proof glue of polyurethane between core plate and frame, make it combine closely with the door frame;
3) the manufacturing of the vermiculite plate fireproof layer comprises the steps of sanding the vermiculite plate into a thickness of 3mm by a sanding machine, cutting the vermiculite plate into pieces with the same size as a door frame by a saw blade, coating polyurethane fireproof glue on one surface of the vermiculite plate, and placing the vermiculite plate on two sides of the door frame and the door core plate for adhesion;
4) the manufacturing of the wooden fire door panel, cut the 5mm thick fire board into the length and width-appropriate of the door frame with the saw blade, coat the fire-proof glue of polyurethane on the single side, put on the vermiculite slab or glass magnesium board fire barrier and paste both sides;
5) compounding by adopting a cold pressing process, wherein the pressurizing time is 60 minutes, the pressure is 1.0kg/cm, and the mixture is placed for 24 hours after pressure relief;
6) and (3) making a wooden door model on a panel of the compounded semi-finished wooden fireproof door, manually pasting a solid wood veneer subjected to flame retardant treatment, or milling various wooden door models by using a numerical control milling machine, and performing surface repairing, sanding and surface coating to manufacture a novel wooden fireproof door finished product.
Example two: a preparation method of a wooden fireproof door and the wooden fireproof door comprise the following steps:
a wooden fireproof door comprises a door frame and door leaves, wherein the width of a frame of the door frame is 90-110 mm, the thickness of the door frame is 40-50 mm, a vertical frame and a horizontal frame of the door frame are both made of fast-growing wood flame-retardant laminated veneer lumber, the longitudinal texture of wood grains of the veneer laminated veneer lumber is parallel to the length direction of the vertical frame and the upper and lower horizontal frames of the door frame, the adhesive layer surface of the veneer laminated veneer lumber is perpendicular to the surface of the door leaves, a fireproof plate and a decorative splint are sequentially adhered to the fire-receiving surface of the door frame, a groove is formed at the contact part of the inner side surface of the door frame and the periphery of the door leaves, a fireproof expansion sealing strip is arranged in the groove, a plurality of door leaf frameworks are arranged inside the door leaves, the door leaf frameworks are made of the fast-growing wood flame-retardant veneer laminated veneer lumber, the door leaf frameworks are formed by the frame consisting of two horizontal keels and two vertical keels, at least, meanwhile, the glue layer surface of the laminated veneer lumber is vertical to the surface of the door leaf, the two sides of the door leaf framework are sequentially stuck with a fireproof door lining plate and a decorative clamping plate, and inorganic fireproof materials are filled in the fireproof door lining plate clamping cavity.
1) The manufacturing of the wooden fire door frame, utilize the polyurethane fire prevention glue to compound the laminated veneer lumber of 20mm thickness into the laminated veneer lumber of 60mm thickness, reuse the saw blade to saw it into the laminated veneer lumber board side of 45mm thickness, 60mm width, bind the laminated veneer lumber board side of the specified length into the wooden fire door frame with the nail gun nail of the yard, and position the laminated veneer lumber board side of the same thickness as the lock block in the specified position;
2) the manufacturing of the wooden fire door core plate, sand light single-board laminated material into the thickness the same as the wooden fire door frame with the grinder, saw into the specified size with the saw blade, namely the length and width are smaller than the length and width of the door frame by 0.3mm, put into the gap position of the door frame, and coat the fire-proof glue of polyurethane between core plate and frame, make it combine closely with the door frame;
3) the manufacture of the glass magnesium board fire-proof layer, sand light the glass magnesium board to 3mm thick with the grinder, cut into the same size with door frame with the saw blade, and coat the fire-proof glue of polyurethane on the single side, put the both sides of door frame and door core plate to paste;
4) the manufacturing of the wooden fireproof door panel, cut the 8mm thick fire-proof board into the length and width of the door frame by the saw blade, coat the polyurethane fire-proof glue on the single side, put on the vermiculite board or glass magnesium board fire-proof layer both sides to paste;
5) compounding by adopting a cold pressing process, wherein the pressurizing time is 120 minutes, the pressure is 2.2kg/cm, and the mixture is placed for 24 hours after pressure relief;
6) and (3) making a wooden door model on a panel of the compounded semi-finished wooden fireproof door, manually pasting a solid wood veneer subjected to flame retardant treatment, or milling various wooden door models by using a numerical control milling machine, and performing surface repairing, sanding and surface coating to manufacture a novel wooden fireproof door finished product.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the method for preparing the wooden fireproof door and the wooden fireproof door are characterized in that the flame-retardant laminated veneer lumber fireproof door frame and the door leaf framework are manufactured by adopting the rotary-cut veneer of low-quality wood, the use value of the low-quality wood is improved, the dependence of the wooden fireproof door on high-quality wood is reduced, natural forest resources are protected, the veneer is subjected to normal-pressure impregnation flame-retardant treatment, the method is simple, the absorption amount of the veneer on a flame retardant is high and can reach 14-17%, the content of the flame retardant in the flame-retardant laminated veneer lumber is consistent inside and outside, the flame retardant performance is good, the cost is low, the longitudinal grain of the wood grain of the veneer is parallel to the length direction of the door frame or the keel of the door leaf framework, the glue layer is perpendicular to the surface of the door leaf, when the fire surface of the wooden fireproof door is subjected to flame and high temperature, the door frame and the, the wood composite board has the advantages of being light in weight, heat-insulating, good in sound-insulating performance, high in overall strength, smooth in surface and convenient to process, and also has fireproof and flame-retardant performances, and has obvious heat-insulating and sound-insulating performances and deformation-preventing capacity, so that the problem that due to the fact that the fast-growing wood has some natural defects, the fast-growing wood is low in material quality, small in diameter grade, low in density, easy to deform and the like, the fast-growing wood cannot directly meet requirements of a door frame and a door leaf framework of a wooden fireproof door is solved.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a wooden fire door that prevents, includes door frame and door leaf, its characterized in that: the vertical frame and the horizontal frame of the door frame are made of fast-growing wood flame-retardant laminated veneer lumber, a fireproof plate and a decorative clamping plate are sequentially pasted on the fire-receiving surface of the door frame, a groove is formed in the contact position of the inner side surface of the door frame and the periphery of the door leaf, a fireproof expansion sealing strip is arranged in the groove, and a plurality of door leaf frameworks are arranged inside the door leaf.
2. The fire resistant wood door as claimed in claim 1, wherein the longitudinal grain of the laminated veneer lumber is parallel to the length direction of the vertical frame and the upper and lower horizontal frames of the door frame, and the glue layer of the laminated veneer lumber is perpendicular to the door leaf surface.
3. The fire resistant wood door as claimed in claim 1, wherein said frame has a width of 90-110 mm and a thickness of 40-50 mm.
4. The fire resistant wood door as claimed in claim 1, wherein the door leaf frame is made of a laminated fire retardant wood board, the door leaf frame is a frame made of two horizontal keels and two vertical keels, and at least one vertical keel and one horizontal keel are provided in the frame.
5. The fire resistant wood door of claim 4, wherein the longitudinal grain of the laminated veneer lumber is parallel to the lengthwise direction of the door leaf frame, and the glue layer of the laminated veneer lumber is perpendicular to the door leaf surface.
6. The fire-proof wooden door as claimed in claim 4, wherein the door leaf frame is sequentially adhered with fire-proof door lining boards and decorative clamping boards at both sides thereof, and the fire-proof door lining board clamping cavities are filled with inorganic fire-proof materials.
7. The preparation method of the wooden fireproof door is characterized by comprising the following steps of:
1) the manufacturing of the wooden fire door frame, utilize the polyurethane fire prevention glue to compound the laminated veneer lumber of 15 mm-20 mm thickness into the laminated veneer lumber of 45 mm-60 mm thickness, and then saw it into the laminated veneer lumber board side of 33 mm-45 mm thickness, 45 mm-60 mm width with the saw blade, will saw into the laminated veneer lumber board side of specified length and use the nail gun nail of the yard to assemble into the wooden fire door frame, and place the laminated veneer lumber board side of the same thickness as the lock block in the specified position;
2) manufacturing a wood fireproof door core plate, sanding a light laminated veneer lumber into the thickness same as that of a wood fireproof door frame by using a sanding machine, sawing the light laminated veneer lumber into specified sizes by using a saw blade, namely the length and the width of the light laminated veneer lumber are 0.2-0.3 mm smaller than those of a door frame, placing the light laminated veneer lumber into a gap position of the door frame, and coating polyurethane fireproof glue between the core plate and the frame to enable the light laminated veneer lumber to be tightly combined with the door frame;
3) the production of the fireproof layer of the vermiculite plate or the glass magnesium plate comprises the steps of sanding the vermiculite plate or the glass magnesium plate into a thickness of 3mm by a sander, cutting the vermiculite plate or the glass magnesium plate into pieces with the same size as a door frame by a saw blade, coating polyurethane fireproof glue on one surface of the vermiculite plate or the glass magnesium plate, and placing the pieces on two sides of the door frame and the door core plate for adhesion;
4) the manufacturing of the wooden fire door panel, cut the 5 mm-8 mm thick fire board into the length and width of the door frame-by the saw blade, coat the fire-proof glue of polyurethane on the single side, put on the vermiculite slab or glass magnesium board fire barrier and paste;
5) compounding by adopting a cold pressing process, wherein the pressurizing time is 60-120 minutes, the pressure is 1.0-2.2 kg/cm, and the mixture is placed for 24 hours after pressure relief;
6) and (3) making a wooden door model on a panel of the compounded semi-finished wooden fireproof door, manually pasting a solid wood veneer subjected to flame retardant treatment, or milling various wooden door models by using a numerical control milling machine, and performing surface repairing, sanding and surface coating to manufacture a novel wooden fireproof door finished product.
CN202010568761.2A 2020-06-19 2020-06-19 Preparation method of wooden fireproof door and wooden fireproof door Pending CN111691801A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000104368A (en) * 1998-09-30 2000-04-11 Shoei Shoji:Kk Wooden exterior-wall substrate panel, exterior-wall panel and opening-section execution method
CN101915049A (en) * 2010-08-23 2010-12-15 南京林业大学 Flame-retardant veneer laminated fireproof door frame and manufacturing method
CN101967947A (en) * 2010-10-19 2011-02-09 宿迁新缘林木业有限公司 Flame-retardant laminated veneer lumber wooden fireproof door and manufacturing method thereof
CN102011539A (en) * 2010-11-17 2011-04-13 吉林新元木业有限公司 Novel wood fireproof door and preparation method
CN203239193U (en) * 2013-05-10 2013-10-16 吉林省正全木业有限公司 Inflaming retarding laminated veneer lumber solid wood fireproof door

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000104368A (en) * 1998-09-30 2000-04-11 Shoei Shoji:Kk Wooden exterior-wall substrate panel, exterior-wall panel and opening-section execution method
CN101915049A (en) * 2010-08-23 2010-12-15 南京林业大学 Flame-retardant veneer laminated fireproof door frame and manufacturing method
CN101967947A (en) * 2010-10-19 2011-02-09 宿迁新缘林木业有限公司 Flame-retardant laminated veneer lumber wooden fireproof door and manufacturing method thereof
CN102011539A (en) * 2010-11-17 2011-04-13 吉林新元木业有限公司 Novel wood fireproof door and preparation method
CN203239193U (en) * 2013-05-10 2013-10-16 吉林省正全木业有限公司 Inflaming retarding laminated veneer lumber solid wood fireproof door

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