CN111691691A - Method for installing, measuring and positioning box body bending and twisting component and drum node - Google Patents

Method for installing, measuring and positioning box body bending and twisting component and drum node Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111691691A
CN111691691A CN202010518819.2A CN202010518819A CN111691691A CN 111691691 A CN111691691 A CN 111691691A CN 202010518819 A CN202010518819 A CN 202010518819A CN 111691691 A CN111691691 A CN 111691691A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box body
positioning
body bending
measuring
component
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Pending
Application number
CN202010518819.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周观根
李东
戴君南
谢董恩
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Zhejiang Southeast Space Frame Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Southeast Space Frame Co Ltd
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Application filed by Zhejiang Southeast Space Frame Co Ltd filed Critical Zhejiang Southeast Space Frame Co Ltd
Priority to CN202010518819.2A priority Critical patent/CN111691691A/en
Publication of CN111691691A publication Critical patent/CN111691691A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • E04G21/18Adjusting tools; Templates
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • E04G21/18Adjusting tools; Templates
    • E04G21/1841Means for positioning building parts or elements
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C15/00Surveying instruments or accessories not provided for in groups G01C1/00 - G01C13/00

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for installing, measuring and positioning a box body bending-twisting component and a drum node, belonging to the technical field of space grid steel structure measurement and comprising the following operation steps of: firstly, a three-dimensional model is utilized to obtain the three-dimensional coordinates of the positioning control points of the box body bending and twisting components. And then setting a total station, accurately leveling, and obtaining coordinate data of the composite measuring point of the box body bending and twisting component. And then, measuring coordinates of the positioning control points at the end part of the box body bending and twisting component to a drum node and the ground, introducing a three-dimensional coordinate point of the box body bending and twisting component to the drum node by adopting a total station, and marking. And lofting the axis and the port control point of the box body torsion member to the ground by adopting a total station. The box member is then positioned by two ports that are not in the same plane. And finally, re-measuring each measurement control point of the box body bending component by using a total station. The device has the advantages of high working efficiency, time and labor saving and high measurement precision. The problem of building structure and space molding complicated influence measurement accuracy is solved.

Description

Method for installing, measuring and positioning box body bending and twisting component and drum node
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of space grid steel structure measurement, in particular to a method for installing, measuring and positioning a box body bending and twisting component and a drum node.
Background
Under the environment that the current building modeling is gradually novel, the steel structure building is rapidly developed, and various box bending and twisting components, drum joints and other special-shaped components are largely adopted in the space structure. Compared with the traditional reinforced concrete structure, the requirement of structural stress and building modeling cannot be met, and in public building projects such as large stadiums, a large number of steel structure special-shaped components, particularly the connection form of the box body bending and twisting components and the drum nodes are used, so that the requirements of building modeling, structural stress, roof drainage structure and the like are met. Because the building design is novel, the structure is complicated, the molding is unique, the space molding is complicated, the high requirement is provided for the installation precision of the box body bending and twisting component and the drum node, and the high requirement is provided for the positioning and measuring scheme correspondingly.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention mainly solves the defects of low working efficiency, high labor intensity and low measurement precision in the prior art, and provides a method for installing, measuring and positioning a box body bending and twisting component and a drum node, which has the advantages of high working efficiency, time and labor saving and high measurement precision. The problem of building structure and space molding complicated influence measurement accuracy is solved.
The technical problem of the invention is mainly solved by the following technical scheme:
a method for installing, measuring and positioning a box body bending and twisting component and a drum node comprises the following operation steps:
the first step is as follows: and obtaining the three-dimensional coordinates of the positioning control points of the box body bending and twisting components by using the three-dimensional model.
The second step is that: and then setting a total station, accurately leveling, and obtaining coordinate data of the composite measuring point of the box body bending and twisting component.
The third step: and then, measuring coordinates of the positioning control points at the end part of the box body bending and twisting component to a drum node and the ground, introducing a three-dimensional coordinate point of the box body bending and twisting component to the drum node by adopting a total station, and marking.
The fourth step: and lofting the axis and the port control point of the box body torsion member to the ground by adopting a total station.
The fifth step: the box member is then positioned by two ports that are not in the same plane.
And a sixth step: finally, a total station is adopted to retest each measurement control point of the box body bending component, and when the deviation meets the positioning requirement, positioning is carried out; and (5) adjusting in time when deviation exists, and retesting until the deviation meets the requirements and then positioning.
Preferably, the positioning control points are determined according to the structural characteristics of the box body bending and twisting component and the drum nodes, and the three-dimensional coordinates of the positioning control points of the design model are derived by using a computer. Three-dimensional coordinates are X, Y, Z three-axis coordinates.
Preferably, corner points of the two end faces, namely, a01, B01, C01, D01, a12, B12, C12 and D11 are extracted as control point coordinates, and the middle point position coordinates are extracted for rechecking.
Preferably, the temporary clamping plate is arranged at the butt joint port of the drum node for fixed positioning, the horizontal coordinate is positioned by the other end of the drum node through the projection of a plumb bob, the vertical elevation is measured and adjusted through a total station, and the positioning of the box body crankle component can be completed after the three control points are adjusted to the designed coordinate position.
The invention can achieve the following effects:
the invention provides a method for installing, measuring and positioning a box body bending and twisting component and a drum node, which has the advantages of high working efficiency, time and labor saving and high measurement precision compared with the prior art. The problem of building structure and space molding complicated influence measurement accuracy is solved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the bending member of the case and the drum node according to the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of coordinate control points of a three-dimensional model of a box flexural component of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the box kink member measurement control points of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a three-dimensional model coordinate control point placement drum node of the box torsion member of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the positioning of the cabinet member and drum nodes of the present invention.
In the figure: the device comprises a box body bending and twisting component 1, a drum node 2 and a line cone 3.
Detailed Description
The technical scheme of the invention is further specifically described by the following embodiments and the accompanying drawings.
Example (b): as shown in fig. 1-5, a method for installing, measuring and positioning a box body torsion member and a drum node comprises the following operation steps:
the first step is as follows: and obtaining the three-dimensional coordinates of the positioning control points of the box body bending and twisting component 1 by using the three-dimensional model.
The second step is that: and then setting a total station, accurately leveling, determining a positioning control point according to the structural characteristics of the box body bending member and the drum node, and deriving a three-dimensional coordinate of the positioning control point of the design model by using a computer. And obtaining the coordinate data of the composite measuring point of the box body bending and twisting component 1.
Extracting corner points of the two end surfaces, namely A01, B01, C01, D01, A12, B12, C12 and D11, as control point coordinates, and extracting intermediate point position coordinates for rechecking.
The third step: and then, measuring coordinates of the positioning control points at the end part of the box body bending and twisting component to a drum node and the ground, introducing a three-dimensional coordinate point of the box body bending and twisting component 1 to the drum node 2 by adopting a total station, and marking.
The fourth step: and then lofting the axis and the port control point of the box body bending component 1 to the ground by adopting a total station.
The fifth step: the box member 1 is then positioned by two ports that are not in the same plane. During positioning, the temporary clamping plate is fixedly positioned at the butt joint port of the drum node, the other end of the temporary clamping plate is used for projecting and positioning a horizontal coordinate by using the plumb bob 3, the vertical elevation is measured and adjusted by the total station, and the positioning of the box body bending and twisting component can be completed after the three control points are adjusted to the designed coordinate position.
And a sixth step: finally, a total station is adopted to retest each measurement control point of the box body bending component 1, and when the deviation meets the positioning requirement, positioning is carried out; and (5) adjusting in time when deviation exists, and retesting until the deviation meets the requirements and then positioning.
In conclusion, the method for installing, measuring and positioning the box body bending and twisting component and the drum node has the advantages of high working efficiency, time and labor saving and high measuring precision. The problem of building structure and space molding complicated influence measurement accuracy is solved.
The above description is only an embodiment of the present invention, but the structural features of the present invention are not limited thereto, and any changes or modifications within the scope of the present invention by those skilled in the art are covered by the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. A method for installing, measuring and positioning a box body bending and twisting component and a drum node is characterized by comprising the following operation steps:
the first step is as follows: obtaining three-dimensional coordinates of a positioning control point of the box body bending and twisting component (1) by using the three-dimensional model;
the second step is that: then, setting a total station, accurately leveling, and obtaining coordinate data of a composite measuring point of the box body bending component (1);
the third step: then, measuring coordinates of the positioning control points at the end part of the box body bending and twisting component to a drum node and the ground, guiding a three-dimensional coordinate point of the box body bending and twisting component (1) to the drum node (2) by adopting a total station, and marking;
the fourth step: then, lofting the axis and the port control point of the box body bending component (1) to the ground by using a total station;
the fifth step: then the box body bending component (1) is positioned through two interfaces which are not on the same plane;
and a sixth step: finally, a total station is adopted to retest each measurement control point of the box body bending component (1), and when the deviation meets the positioning requirement, positioning is carried out; and (5) adjusting in time when deviation exists, and retesting until the deviation meets the requirements and then positioning.
2. The method for installing, measuring and positioning the torsion member and the drum node of the box body according to claim 1, wherein: and determining a positioning control point according to the structural characteristics of the box body bending and twisting component and the drum node, and deriving a three-dimensional coordinate of the positioning control point of the design model by using a computer.
3. The method for installing, measuring and positioning the torsion member and the drum node of the box body according to claim 2, wherein: extracting corner points of the two end surfaces, namely A01, B01, C01, D01, A12, B12, C12 and D11, as control point coordinates, and extracting intermediate point position coordinates for rechecking.
4. The method for installing, measuring and positioning the torsion member and the drum node of the box body according to claim 1, wherein: during positioning, the temporary clamping plate is fixedly positioned at the butt joint port of the drum node, the other end of the drum node is used for projecting and positioning a horizontal coordinate by using a plumb bob (3), the vertical elevation is measured and adjusted by using a total station, and the positioning of the box body crankle component can be completed after the three control points are adjusted to the designed coordinate position.
CN202010518819.2A 2020-06-09 2020-06-09 Method for installing, measuring and positioning box body bending and twisting component and drum node Pending CN111691691A (en)

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CN202010518819.2A CN111691691A (en) 2020-06-09 2020-06-09 Method for installing, measuring and positioning box body bending and twisting component and drum node

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010518819.2A CN111691691A (en) 2020-06-09 2020-06-09 Method for installing, measuring and positioning box body bending and twisting component and drum node

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CN111691691A true CN111691691A (en) 2020-09-22

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113618685A (en) * 2021-07-31 2021-11-09 中冶(上海)钢结构科技有限公司 Tool platform for assembling drum-shaped complex nodes and using method thereof
CN113670274A (en) * 2021-08-09 2021-11-19 浙江东南网架股份有限公司 Measuring and positioning method for spatial prismatic steel truss
WO2023206851A1 (en) * 2022-04-29 2023-11-02 中建三局第三建设工程有限责任公司 Drum joint installation method, steel reticulated shell, and assembly unit construction method

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CN110258803A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-09-20 南通大学 A kind of dome steel structure construction method of installation based on BIM technology

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CN109763660A (en) * 2019-01-15 2019-05-17 中建七局安装工程有限公司 A kind of double ball nesting Construction of The Grids methods
CN110258803A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-09-20 南通大学 A kind of dome steel structure construction method of installation based on BIM technology

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113618685A (en) * 2021-07-31 2021-11-09 中冶(上海)钢结构科技有限公司 Tool platform for assembling drum-shaped complex nodes and using method thereof
CN113670274A (en) * 2021-08-09 2021-11-19 浙江东南网架股份有限公司 Measuring and positioning method for spatial prismatic steel truss
WO2023206851A1 (en) * 2022-04-29 2023-11-02 中建三局第三建设工程有限责任公司 Drum joint installation method, steel reticulated shell, and assembly unit construction method

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Application publication date: 20200922

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