CN111633615A - Auxiliary sleeving machine, system and method formed by bogie frame - Google Patents

Auxiliary sleeving machine, system and method formed by bogie frame Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111633615A
CN111633615A CN202010444069.9A CN202010444069A CN111633615A CN 111633615 A CN111633615 A CN 111633615A CN 202010444069 A CN202010444069 A CN 202010444069A CN 111633615 A CN111633615 A CN 111633615A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
bogie
lifting
displacement
walking
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010444069.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴建强
夏朝阳
武永亮
李伟华
马世银
王利
杜明鑫
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CRRC Yangtze Co Ltd
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CRRC Yangtze Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CRRC Yangtze Co Ltd filed Critical CRRC Yangtze Co Ltd
Priority to CN202010444069.9A priority Critical patent/CN111633615A/en
Publication of CN111633615A publication Critical patent/CN111633615A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25HWORKSHOP EQUIPMENT, e.g. FOR MARKING-OUT WORK; STORAGE MEANS FOR WORKSHOPS
    • B25H1/00Work benches; Portable stands or supports for positioning portable tools or work to be operated on thereby
    • B25H1/10Work benches; Portable stands or supports for positioning portable tools or work to be operated on thereby with provision for adjusting holders for tool or work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B27/00Hand tools, specially adapted for fitting together or separating parts or objects whether or not involving some deformation, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25HWORKSHOP EQUIPMENT, e.g. FOR MARKING-OUT WORK; STORAGE MEANS FOR WORKSHOPS
    • B25H1/00Work benches; Portable stands or supports for positioning portable tools or work to be operated on thereby
    • B25H1/14Work benches; Portable stands or supports for positioning portable tools or work to be operated on thereby with provision for adjusting the bench top
    • B25H1/16Work benches; Portable stands or supports for positioning portable tools or work to be operated on thereby with provision for adjusting the bench top in height

Abstract

The invention discloses an auxiliary sleeving machine consisting of a bogie frame, a sleeving system and a method, wherein the auxiliary sleeving machine comprises a walking assembly, a lifting assembly and a displacement assembly; the walking assembly comprises a walking frame body and a lifting track; the lifting assembly comprises a lifting frame body and a displacement track; the displacement assembly comprises a displacement frame body; the walking frame body can move along the horizontal longitudinal direction; the lifting frame body is arranged on the walking frame body and can move along the lifting track; the displacement frame body is arranged on the lifting frame body and can move along the displacement track; and the displacement frame body is provided with a lifting support. The encasement system comprises a bolster support apparatus, two base plate assemblies and four of the auxiliary encasement machines. According to the sleeving method, the auxiliary sleeving machine is used for lifting from the lower parts of the two ends of the bogie, and the sleeving of the bogie frames is realized by matching with the bolster supporting device. The invention reduces the occupied area and improves the assembly efficiency.

Description

Auxiliary sleeving machine, system and method formed by bogie frame
Technical Field
The invention relates to a suit of bogie frames, in particular to an auxiliary suit machine, a suit system and a suit method of bogie frames.
Background
The manufacturing of the three-piece bogie of the cast steel of the railway wagon adopts a component type assembling method to finish the assembling and forming work of the bogie, the bogie is divided into Nootdry component manufacturing units, the manufacturing and the sub-component assembling of parts are carried out, and then the total assembling of the unit parts is carried out, thereby finishing the completion work of the whole bogie. The frame assembly in one of the assembly processes, namely the assembly of the spring supporting plate assembly, the swing bolster assembly, the side frame assembly and the like in an assembly station is the first step of the total assembly and is also an important process. The bolster side frame is the base piece with the largest external dimension and the largest weight in a bogie assembly part, but the assembly process is not complicated, and the bolster side frame is more suitable for automatic assembly by adopting a special machine, a flexible manipulator and the like.
At present, the bogie frame is assembled by adopting a fork type telescopic lifting mechanical arm to cooperate with a supporting jig frame to take materials, transfer and assemble. The mechanical arm is generally arranged at the tail end of a material frame or a cache line formed by side frames, and is respectively configured into a set form at two sides and a single-side independent set form. The material loading that spring layer board, swing bolster are constituteed generally adopts truss manipulator to snatch, and the position is fallen to fixed bed-jig on. The jig frame is arranged between the two sets of framework forming mechanical arms, and the single-side single-sleeve type jig frame is arranged beside the jig frame. The material taking end of the fork type telescopic lifting mechanical arm is generally provided with a fork-shaped material supporting frame according to the size and the position of a triangular hole in the center of a side frame. When the mechanical arm takes materials, the fork extends into the triangular hole of the side frame, the side frame part in the material frame is taken out through lifting and extending, the side frame part rotates for a certain angle to be in front of the swing bolster sleeved jig frame, the height of the swing bolster material is automatically adjusted, the mechanical arm extends out to sleeve the side frames on two sides into the end position of the swing bolster at the same time, and the steering frame consisting of the spring support plate needs to extend the spring support plate to be close to the swing bolster and then sleeved. The mechanical arm suit of unilateral form, the bolster bed-jig still needs to have the function of turning around of 180 degrees of rotation, adorns one side frame repacking opposite side.
The mechanical arm set in the fork type telescopic lifting form has the following defects that: 1) the two-side arrangement is adopted, the occupied area is large, the single-side arrangement is adopted, the production rhythm is slow, and the stability of the sleeving process is poor; 2) the fork type material taking end adopts a lifting form, so that the side frame is difficult to fix, and the position of the side frame is easy to change in the moving, carrying and assembling processes, so that the assembling interference is caused, and the assembling operation cannot be automatically completed; 3) the position adjustment capability of the flexibility of the side frame is relatively low; 4) the cantilever type telescopic lifting requires large rigidity, the mechanical structure has large design size, and the precision and the stability are relatively poor.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an auxiliary sleeving machine, a sleeving system and a method for a bogie framework composition, and the efficient and stable assembly of the bogie framework composition is realized.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention firstly provides an auxiliary sleeving machine consisting of a bogie frame, which comprises a walking assembly, a lifting assembly and a displacement assembly; the walking assembly comprises a walking frame body, and a lifting track is arranged on the walking frame body along the vertical direction; the lifting assembly comprises a lifting frame body, and a displacement track is horizontally and transversely arranged on the lifting frame body; the displacement assembly comprises a displacement frame body; the walking frame body can move along a walking track which is horizontally and longitudinally arranged; the lifting frame body is arranged on the walking frame body and can move along the lifting track; the displacement frame body is arranged on the lifting frame body and can move along the displacement track; and the displacement frame body is provided with a lifting support used for lifting and taking materials from the end part of the side frame of the bogie.
Preferably, the auxiliary sleeving machine further comprises a traveling driving device for driving the traveling frame body to move along the traveling rail, a lifting driving device for driving the lifting frame body to move along the lifting rail, and a displacement driving device for driving the displacement frame body to move along the displacement rail.
Preferably, the walking driving device moves the walking frame body through a rack-and-pinion, the lifting driving device moves the lifting frame body through a ball screw pair so as to improve the lifting precision, and the displacement driving device directly pushes the displacement frame body by adopting an electric push rod.
Preferably, the walking frame body comprises a walking base capable of moving along the walking rail and a vertical rail frame vertically fixed above the walking base, and the lifting rail is arranged on the vertical rail frame; the lifting frame body comprises a vertical plate support capable of moving along a lifting rail and a transverse rail frame transversely fixed on the side surface of the vertical plate support, and the displacement rail is arranged on the transverse rail frame; the displacement support body still includes the displacement base that can follow displacement track removal, lifting support vertical fixation is in displacement base upper portion and is located apart from riser support certain distance.
Preferably, the vertical track frame and the transverse track frame are both provided with a dead gear and a proximity switch for controlling stroke safety.
Preferably, the vertical track frame is further provided with L-shaped reinforcing plates between the two sides of the lifting track and the traveling base respectively, and the outer sides of the two sides of each L-shaped reinforcing plate are fixed on the vertical track frame and the traveling base respectively.
Preferably, the contact part of the lifting support and the bogie side frame is provided with a wear-resistant rubber pad, so that the shock absorption and buffering effects are achieved.
The invention provides an auxiliary sleeving system consisting of bogie frames, which comprises a bolster supporting device, two bottom plate assemblies and any one of the four auxiliary sleeving machines; each bottom plate assembly comprises a bottom plate, and the walking rails are arranged on the bottom plates; the four auxiliary sleeving machines are divided into two groups, each group of two auxiliary sleeving machines are arranged on the walking tracks of the two bottom plate assemblies in a face-to-face mode, and the side frames of the bogie can be respectively lifted from two ends of the side frames of the bogie through the lifting brackets; the bolster supporting device is a bolster supporting jig frame capable of supporting a bolster, or a bolster hoisting device capable of lifting the bolster.
Preferably, the two bottom plate assemblies are respectively arranged at two sides of the bogie side frame conveying line, and the traveling tracks of the two bottom plate assemblies are parallel to each other and are perpendicular to a bogie side frame arranged on the bogie side frame conveying line.
The invention also discloses an auxiliary sleeving method for forming the bogie frame by adopting the auxiliary sleeving system, which is divided into the following two methods according to different bolster supporting devices.
The first method adopts the swing bolster hoisting device as a swing bolster supporting device and comprises the following steps:
1) moving a first group of two auxiliary sleeving machines to two ends of a first bogie side frame on a side frame conveying line along a walking rail, and adjusting the transverse position and the vertical height of lifting brackets of the first group of two auxiliary sleeving machines along a lifting rail and a displacement rail to enable the two lifting brackets to be positioned below two ends of the first bogie side frame and lift the first bogie side frame upwards; similarly, the second bogie side frame is lifted by the second group of two auxiliary sleeving machines;
2) the distance between two side frames of the bogie is adjusted by two sets of auxiliary sleeving machines to be not less than the length of a bolster of the bogie; hoisting the bogie swing bolster between the two bogie side frames through the swing bolster hoisting device;
3) the distance between two side frames of the bogie is reduced by two groups of auxiliary sleeving machines, and two ends of a bogie swing bolster are respectively inserted into swing bolster mounting holes on one side frame of the bogie by matching with a swing bolster hoisting device; and adjusting the relative positions of the two bogie side frames and the swing bolster hoisting device to enable the two bogie side frames to fall at the correct positions at the two ends of the bogie swing bolster, so as to complete the assembly of the bogie frames.
The second method adopts the bolster supporting jig frame as a bolster supporting device and comprises the following steps:
1) the first group of two auxiliary sleeving machines move to two ends of a first bogie side frame on the side frame conveying line along the walking track, and the transverse positions and the vertical heights of lifting brackets of the first group of two auxiliary sleeving machines are adjusted along the lifting track and the displacement track, so that the two lifting brackets are positioned below two ends of the first bogie side frame, and the first bogie side frame is lifted upwards; similarly, the second bogie side frame is lifted by the second group of two auxiliary sleeving machines;
2) placing a bogie swing bolster on a swing bolster supporting jig between the traveling rails of the two bottom plate assemblies to enable the bogie swing bolster to be parallel to the traveling rails; moving the two bogie side frames to two ends of a bogie swing bolster through two groups of auxiliary sleeving machines;
3) adjusting the two side frames of the bogie to a proper height through two groups of auxiliary sleeving machines, and reducing the distance between the two side frames of the bogie, so that two ends of a bogie swing bolster respectively penetrate into a swing bolster mounting hole on one side frame of the bogie; and lowering the two bogie side frames to enable the two bogie side frames to fall on the correct positions at the two ends of the bogie swing bolster, so as to complete the assembly of the bogie frames.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: 1) the invention firstly lifts and takes materials from two ends of a side frame of a bogie, an auxiliary sleeving machine can move to two sides of a side frame conveying line, and a framework can be directly assembled above the side frame conveying line; compare the flexible lift form of traditional fork, greatly reduced the place and taken, improved assembly efficiency. 2) The walking frame body and the walking rail, the lifting frame body and the lifting rail, and the displacement frame body and the displacement rail respectively form guide rail pairs in different directions, lifting positions can be adjusted in a three-dimensional mode, assembling stability and precision requirements are met, the multi-type bogie assembling size is suitable, meanwhile, the directions are controlled independently, and the position of the side frame can be adjusted in a manual flexible mode for assembling under special conditions.
Drawings
Fig. 1 and fig. 2 are schematic structural diagrams of a main view and a left view of an auxiliary sleeving machine composed of a bogie frame designed in embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the auxiliary rigging machine of fig. 2 in a state of lifting a truck sideframe from an end.
Fig. 4 and 5 are schematic structural diagrams of a front view and a left view of the walking assembly in fig. 1, respectively.
FIGS. 6-8 are schematic diagrams of the lifting assembly shown in FIG. 1 illustrating a front view, a left view and a top view, respectively.
FIGS. 9-11 are schematic front, left and top views of the displacement assembly shown in FIG. 1.
Fig. 12 is a schematic top view of the bottom plate assembly of fig. 1.
Fig. 13 to 16 are schematic views illustrating a process of assembling the bogie frame in accordance with embodiment 2 of the present invention.
Wherein:
walking assembly 100, comprising: the walking frame body 110, the walking base 111, the vertical track frame 112, the walking slider 113, the lifting track 120 and the L-shaped reinforcing plate 130;
the lift assembly 200, comprising: the lifting frame body 210, the vertical plate support 211, the transverse track frame 212, the lifting slide block 213 and the displacement track 220;
a displacement assembly 300, comprising: the device comprises a displacement frame body 310, a displacement base 311, a lifting support 312, a displacement slide block 313 and a wear-resistant rubber pad 314;
a backplane assembly 400 comprising: a bottom plate 410, a walking rail 420 and a drag chain 430;
and: the device comprises a walking driving device 510, a lifting driving device 520, a displacement driving device 530, a gear rack pair 610, a gear 611, a rack 612, a ball screw pair 620, a screw 621, a nut seat 622, a bolster supporting device 700, a bogie side frame 810, a bolster mounting hole 811, a bogie bolster 820 and a basic embedded part 900.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the figures and the specific embodiments.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1 to 12, the present embodiment provides an auxiliary sleeving system for a truck frame, which includes a bolster supporting device 700, two base plate assemblies 400, and four auxiliary sleeving machines. Wherein:
the bolster supporting device 700 is a bolster supporting jig that can support a bolster, or a bolster lifting device that can lift a bolster (see fig. 14).
Each base plate assembly 400 includes a base plate 410, a travel rail 420 fixedly disposed on the base plate 410, and a rack 612 disposed in parallel with the travel rail 420. The two bottom plate assemblies 400 are respectively installed on the basic embedded part 900, are positioned on two sides of the bogie side frame conveying line and properly extend according to needs, and the traveling rails 420 of the two bottom plate assemblies are parallel to each other and are vertical to a bogie side frame 810 placed on the bogie side frame conveying line.
Each auxiliary sleeving machine consists of three parts, namely a walking assembly 100, a lifting assembly 200 and a displacement assembly 300.
The walking assembly 100 includes a walking frame body 110, and the walking frame body 110 includes a walking base 111 and a vertical rail frame 112. The traveling base 111 is installed above the floor assembly 400 to be movable along the traveling rail 420 in a horizontal longitudinal direction (a direction parallel to the traveling rail). The vertical rail frame 112 is vertically fixed above the traveling base 111, and one side of the vertical rail frame 112 is provided with a lifting rail 120 along a vertical direction facing the traveling rail 420 of the other floor assembly 400. The vertical rail frame 112 is further provided with L-shaped reinforcing plates 130 between the two sides of the lifting rail 120 and the traveling base 111, and the outer sides of the two sides of the L-shaped reinforcing plates 130 are fixed on the traveling base 111 and the vertical rail frame 112 respectively. The vertical track frame 112 is provided with a dead stop and proximity switch for controlling stroke safety.
The walking base 111 is provided with a walking driving device 510, and the walking driving device 510 adopts a servo motor and a speed reducer which are connected and fixed on the walking base 111. A gear 611 is mounted on an output shaft of the speed reducer through a flat key, a bolt and a pad, and the gear 611 is meshed with a rack 612 to form a rack-and-pinion 610. The bottom of the traveling base 111 is provided with a traveling slider 113, which forms a linear guide pair with the traveling rail 420.
The vertical track frame 112 is provided with a lifting driving device 520 and a screw 621. The elevation driving means 520 also employs a servo motor and a reducer, which are connected and fixed to the upper portion of the vertical rail housing 112. The reducer is located at the top of the lifting rail 120, and the output shaft of the reducer faces downward and is connected with the screw 621 through a flat key, a round nut and a backstop washer. The upper portion of the screw 621 is connected to the vertical rail holder 112 through a sleeve, a bearing, etc., and the lower portion is connected to the vertical rail holder 112 through a seat, a self-aligning ball bearing, etc., by a screw.
Lifting unit 200 includes lifting frame body 210, and lifting frame body 210 is L shape, includes vertical plate support 211 along vertical setting and along the horizontal track frame 212 of horizontal setting. The riser supporter 211 is installed on the vertical rail frame 112 to be movable in a vertical direction along the elevation rail 120. The transverse track frame 212 is fixed on the side of the vertical plate support 211, and is provided with a displacement track 220 along the horizontal direction (the direction vertical to the walking track).
The back surface of the vertical plate support 211 is provided with a nut seat 622 by a fastener such as a bolt, and the vertical plate support 211 and the screw 621 form a ball screw assembly 620, and the vertical plate support 211 is provided with lifting sliders 213 at both sides of the nut seat 622 and forms a linear guide rail assembly with the lifting rail 120.
The transverse track frame 212 is provided with a displacement driving device 530, and the displacement driving device 530 adopts an electric push rod, which can directly push the displacement frame body 310. The fixed end of the electric push rod is connected to the lower part of the vertical plate support 211 through a seat and a pin shaft by adopting fasteners such as bolts and the like, and the end of the push rod is hinged with the pin shaft arranged at the lower part of the displacement base 311. The transverse track frame 212 is installed at both sides of the electric push rod, and forms a linear guide pair with the displacement slide block 313 at the lower part of the displacement base 311. The displacement track 220 is provided with a proximity switch and a dead stop near the inner side to control the stroke.
The displacement assembly 300 includes a displacement frame body 310, and the displacement frame body 310 is L-shaped, including a displacement base 311 horizontally disposed and a lifting support 312 vertically disposed. The displacement base 311 is mounted on the transverse rail frame 212 to be movable in a horizontal transverse direction along the displacement rail 220. The lifting support 312 is vertically fixed on the upper portion of the end of the displacement base 311 far from the vertical plate support 211, and a wear-resistant rubber pad 314 having a vibration damping and buffering effect is arranged on the upper portion.
The bottom plate 410 and the lifting frame body 210 are respectively provided with a tow chain mounting seat, and tow chains 430 are fixedly mounted on the two tow chain mounting seats through screws, so that the cables can be conveniently arranged and moved.
The four auxiliary sleeving machines are divided into two groups, and each group of two auxiliary sleeving machines are installed on the traveling rails 420 of the two base plate assemblies 400 face to face and can respectively lift the bogie side frames 810 from the two ends of the bogie side frames 810 through the lifting brackets 312.
The auxiliary sleeving machine realizes the three-axis six-degree-of-freedom movement function of the lifting support 312 by the mutual matching of the walking component 100, the lifting component 200 and the displacement component 300. Specifically, the traveling assembly 100 is horizontally and longitudinally moved with respect to the base plate assembly 400 by driving of the traveling driving device 510 (servo motor and reducer), transmission of the rack and pinion pair 610, and guiding of the linear guide pair. The lifting unit 200 is moved in the vertical direction with respect to the traveling unit 100 by the driving of the lifting drive device 520 (servo motor and reducer), the transmission of the ball screw pair 620, and the guiding action of the linear guide pair. The displacement assembly 300 moves horizontally and transversely along the base plate assembly 400 under the driving action of the displacement driving device 530 (electric push rod) and the guiding action of the linear guide rail pair, so that the assembly is suitable for assembling side frames with different wheelbase models.
Example 2
Referring to fig. 13 to 16, the present embodiment provides an auxiliary sleeving method for a bogie frame, which adopts the auxiliary sleeving system provided in embodiment 1, and uses a bolster lifting device as a bolster supporting device 700. The method comprises the following steps:
1) the first group of two auxiliary sleeving machines are moved to two ends of a first bogie side frame 810 on the side frame conveying line along the walking rails 420, the transverse positions and the vertical heights of the lifting brackets 312 of the first group of two auxiliary sleeving machines are adjusted along the lifting rails 120 and the displacement rails 220, the two lifting brackets 312 are located below the processing surfaces of guide frames at two ends of the first bogie side frame 810, and the lifting brackets 312 are moved upwards to enable the wear-resistant rubber pads 314 of the lifting brackets to be in contact with the bogie side frame 810 and lift the first bogie side frame 810 upwards. Similarly, the second truck side frame 810 is raised by a second set of two auxiliary rigging machines, see fig. 13.
2) The distance between the two truck side frames 810 is adjusted by two sets of auxiliary sleeving machines to be not less than the length of the truck bolster 820. The truck bolster 820 is suspended between the two truck sideframes 810 by a bolster lifting device, see fig. 14.
3) The distance between two bogie side frames 810 is reduced by two sets of auxiliary sleeving machines, and two ends of a bogie swing bolster 820 are respectively inserted into swing bolster mounting holes 811 on one bogie side frame 810 by matching with a swing bolster hoisting device, as shown in fig. 15; the relative positions of the two truck side frames 810 and the bolster lifting device are adjusted so that the two truck side frames 810 fall on the correct positions at the two ends of the truck bolster 820, and the assembly of the truck frame is completed, as shown in fig. 16.
Example 3
This embodiment provides another method of assembling a truck frame, which uses the auxiliary assembling system of embodiment 1 and uses a bolster supporting jig as the bolster supporting device 700. The method comprises the following steps:
1) taking a side frame to form feeding: the first group of two auxiliary sleeving machines are moved to two ends of a first bogie side frame 810 on the side frame conveying line along the walking rails 420, the transverse positions and the vertical heights of the lifting brackets 312 of the first group of two auxiliary sleeving machines are adjusted along the lifting rails 120 and the displacement rails 220, the two lifting brackets 312 are located below the processing surfaces of guide frames at two ends of the first bogie side frame 810, and the lifting brackets 312 are moved upwards to enable the wear-resistant rubber pads 314 of the lifting brackets to be in contact with the bogie side frame 810 and lift the first bogie side frame 810 upwards. Similarly, the second truck side frame 810 is raised by a second set of two auxiliary rigging machines.
2) Adjusting the position of the side frame: the truck bolster 820 is placed on the bolster support bed between the travel rails 420 of the two floor assemblies 400 such that the truck bolster 820 is parallel to the travel rails 420. Two truck sideframes 810 are moved by two sets of auxiliary nesters to either end of the truck bolster 820 (with one truck sideframe 810 being adjusted in height from above through the truck bolster 820).
3) Flexible and stable assembly: two bogie side frames 810 are adjusted to be at a proper height through two groups of auxiliary sleeving machines, the distance between the two bogie side frames 810 is reduced, and two ends of a bogie swing bolster 820 are respectively inserted into swing bolster mounting holes 811 on one bogie side frame 810; and lowering the two bogie side frames 810 to enable the two bogie side frames 810 to fall on the correct positions of the two ends of the bogie bolster 820, and completing the assembly of the bogie frames.
In embodiments 2 and 3, after completing the assembly of the truck frame assembly, the remaining parts of the truck can be further assembled according to the prior art, and the present invention is not related to the improvement of the remaining parts, and therefore, the assembly is omitted.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an auxiliary suit machine that bogie framework is constituteed which characterized in that:
comprises a walking component (100), a lifting component (200) and a displacement component (300);
the walking assembly (100) comprises a walking frame body (110), and a lifting track (120) is arranged on the walking frame body (110) along the vertical direction; the lifting assembly (200) comprises a lifting frame body (210), and a displacement track (220) is horizontally and transversely arranged on the lifting frame body (210); the displacement assembly (300) comprises a displacement frame (310);
the walking frame body (110) can move along a walking track (420) which is horizontally and longitudinally arranged; the lifting frame body (210) is arranged on the walking frame body (110) and can move along the lifting track (120); the displacement frame body (310) is arranged on the lifting frame body (210) and can move along the displacement track (220);
and a lifting bracket (312) used for lifting and taking materials from the end part of the side frame (810) of the bogie is arranged on the displacement frame body (310).
2. The truck frame assembly auxiliary rigging machine according to claim 1, wherein: the auxiliary sleeving machine further comprises a walking driving device (510) for driving the walking frame body (110) to move along the walking rail (420), a lifting driving device (520) for driving the lifting frame body (210) to move along the lifting rail (120), and a displacement driving device (530) for driving the displacement frame body (310) to move along the displacement rail (220).
3. The truck frame assist loader of claim 2, wherein: the walking driving device (510) moves the walking frame body (110) through a gear-rack pair (610), the lifting driving device (520) moves the lifting frame body (210) through a ball screw pair (620), and the displacement driving device (530) adopts an electric push rod to push the displacement frame body (310).
4. The auxiliary sleeving machine for the bogie frame according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein:
the walking frame body (110) comprises a walking base (111) capable of moving along a walking track (420) and a vertical track frame (112) vertically fixed above the walking base (111), and the lifting track (120) is arranged on the vertical track frame (112);
the lifting frame body (210) comprises a vertical plate support (211) capable of moving along the lifting rail (120) and a transverse rail frame (212) transversely fixed on the side surface of the vertical plate support (211), and the displacement rail (220) is arranged on the transverse rail frame (212);
the displacement frame body (310) further comprises a displacement base (311) capable of moving along the displacement track (220), and the lifting support (312) is vertically fixed to the position, away from the vertical plate support (211), of the upper portion of the displacement base (311) at a certain distance.
5. The truck frame assist loader of claim 4, wherein: the vertical track frame (112) and the transverse track frame (212) are provided with a dead gear and a proximity switch for controlling stroke safety.
6. The auxiliary sleeving machine for the bogie frame according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein: and a wear-resistant rubber pad (314) is arranged at the contact part of the lifting bracket (312) and the side frame (810) of the bogie.
7. An auxiliary sleeving system consisting of bogie frames is characterized in that: comprising a sleeper support (700), two base plate assemblies (400), and four auxiliary casing machines according to any one of claims 1 to 6;
each bottom plate assembly (400) comprises a bottom plate (410), and the walking rails (420) are arranged on the bottom plates (410);
the four auxiliary sleeving machines are divided into two groups, each two auxiliary sleeving machines are arranged on the walking tracks (420) of the two bottom plate assemblies (400) in a face-to-face mode, and the two auxiliary sleeving machines can lift the bogie side frames (810) from the two ends of the bogie side frames (810) through the lifting supports (312);
the bolster supporting device (700) is a bolster supporting jig frame capable of supporting a bolster, or a bolster hoisting device capable of lifting the bolster.
8. The truck frame assist package system of claim 7 further comprising: the two bottom plate assemblies (400) are respectively arranged at two sides of a bogie side frame conveying line, and the walking rails (420) of the two bottom plate assemblies are parallel to each other and are vertical to a bogie side frame (810) arranged on the bogie side frame conveying line.
9. An assistive packaging method using a bogie frame of the assistive packaging system according to claim 7, wherein: the method adopts the swing bolster hoisting device as a swing bolster supporting device (700) and comprises the following steps:
1) moving a first group of two auxiliary sleeving machines to two ends of a first bogie side frame (810) on a side frame conveying line along a walking rail (420), adjusting the transverse position and the vertical height of lifting brackets (312) of the first group of two auxiliary sleeving machines along a lifting rail (120) and a displacement rail (220), enabling the two lifting brackets (312) to be located below two ends of the first bogie side frame (810), and lifting the first bogie side frame (810) upwards; similarly, a second truck side frame (810) is lifted by a second set of two auxiliary rigging machines;
2) adjusting the distance between two bogie side frames (810) by two sets of auxiliary sleeving machines to enable the distance to be not less than the length of a bogie swing bolster (820); hoisting a bogie bolster (820) between two bogie side frames (810) by a bolster hoisting device;
3) the distance between two bogie side frames (810) is reduced by two groups of auxiliary sleeving machines, and two ends of a bogie swing bolster (820) are respectively inserted into swing bolster mounting holes (811) on one bogie side frame (810) by matching with a swing bolster hoisting device; and adjusting the relative positions of the two bogie side frames (810) and the bolster lifting device to enable the two bogie side frames (810) to fall on the correct positions of the two ends of the bogie bolster (820) so as to complete the assembly of the bogie frames.
10. An assistive packaging method using a bogie frame of the assistive packaging system according to claim 7, wherein:
the method adopts the bolster support jig as a bolster support device (700) and comprises the following steps:
1) moving a first group of two auxiliary sleeving machines to two ends of a first bogie side frame (810) on a side frame conveying line along a walking rail (420), adjusting the transverse position and the vertical height of lifting brackets (312) of the first group of two auxiliary sleeving machines along a lifting rail (120) and a displacement rail (220), enabling the two lifting brackets (312) to be located below two ends of the first bogie side frame (810), and lifting the first bogie side frame (810) upwards; similarly, a second truck side frame (810) is lifted by a second set of two auxiliary rigging machines;
2) placing a bogie bolster (820) on a bolster support bed between the running rails (420) of the two floor assemblies (400) such that the bogie bolster (820) is parallel to the running rails (420); moving two truck sideframes (810) to either end of a truck bolster (820) by two sets of auxiliary rigging machines;
3) adjusting two bogie side frames (810) to a proper height through two groups of auxiliary sleeving machines, and reducing the distance between the two bogie side frames (810), so that two ends of a bogie swing bolster (820) respectively penetrate into a swing bolster mounting hole (811) on one bogie side frame (810); and lowering the two bogie side frames (810) to enable the two bogie side frames (810) to fall on the correct positions of the two ends of the bogie swing bolster (820), and completing the assembly of the bogie frame.
CN202010444069.9A 2020-05-22 2020-05-22 Auxiliary sleeving machine, system and method formed by bogie frame Pending CN111633615A (en)

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CN202010444069.9A CN111633615A (en) 2020-05-22 2020-05-22 Auxiliary sleeving machine, system and method formed by bogie frame

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112102297A (en) * 2020-09-17 2020-12-18 哈尔滨市科佳通用机电股份有限公司 Method for identifying breaking fault of spring supporting plate of railway wagon bogie

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112102297A (en) * 2020-09-17 2020-12-18 哈尔滨市科佳通用机电股份有限公司 Method for identifying breaking fault of spring supporting plate of railway wagon bogie
CN112102297B (en) * 2020-09-17 2021-04-20 哈尔滨市科佳通用机电股份有限公司 Method for identifying breaking fault of spring supporting plate of railway wagon bogie

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