CN111594143A - Construction method for rapidly determining drilling azimuth angle - Google Patents

Construction method for rapidly determining drilling azimuth angle Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN111594143A
CN111594143A CN202010448309.2A CN202010448309A CN111594143A CN 111594143 A CN111594143 A CN 111594143A CN 202010448309 A CN202010448309 A CN 202010448309A CN 111594143 A CN111594143 A CN 111594143A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
roadway
drilling
hole
central line
line
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010448309.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡东亮
吴华邦
曾勇
余富佳
季广瑞
朱江
杨国金
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guizhou Panjiang Refined Coal Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Guizhou Panjiang Refined Coal Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guizhou Panjiang Refined Coal Co Ltd filed Critical Guizhou Panjiang Refined Coal Co Ltd
Priority to CN202010448309.2A priority Critical patent/CN111594143A/en
Publication of CN111594143A publication Critical patent/CN111594143A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B47/00Survey of boreholes or wells
    • E21B47/02Determining slope or direction
    • E21B47/022Determining slope or direction of the borehole, e.g. using geomagnetism
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/04Directional drilling
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D9/00Tunnels or galleries, with or without linings; Methods or apparatus for making thereof; Layout of tunnels or galleries
    • E21D9/003Arrangement of measuring or indicating devices for use during driving of tunnels, e.g. for guiding machines
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D9/00Tunnels or galleries, with or without linings; Methods or apparatus for making thereof; Layout of tunnels or galleries
    • E21D9/10Making by using boring or cutting machines
    • E21D9/1093Devices for supporting, advancing or orientating the machine or the tool-carrier

Abstract

The invention discloses a construction method for quickly determining a drilling azimuth angle, which comprises the following steps: firstly, positioning a drilling hole on a plan view; drawing a central line behind the roadway, then deepening the first row of drill holes to the central line behind the roadway to obtain an intersection point, measuring the distance between the working surface and the intersection point, and then repeating the steps to obtain a drilling hole plan; marking the positions of the openings of the central line of the roadway and the face wall in the underground site; fourthly, taking the central line of the roadway as a lead, calibrating the distance between each row of drill holes and the intersection point of the central line from the head to the rear of the roadway, and hanging a perpendicular line on the distance point; and fifthly, pulling a horizontal line from the hole opening position of the hole to a position of a heavy line corresponding to the rear of the working surface, and then stabilizing the drilling machine along the direction from the hole opening position of the drilled hole to the vertical line. The drilling direction is quickly determined on site through the intersection point distance between the drilling direction and the central line on the drilling design plan, so that the drilling machine is stabilized, the working efficiency is greatly improved, the investment of personnel is reduced, and a good using effect is obtained.

Description

Construction method for rapidly determining drilling azimuth angle
Technical Field
The invention relates to a drilling method, in particular to a construction method for quickly determining a drilling azimuth angle, and belongs to the technical field of coal mining.
Background
When a gas extraction borehole is constructed on a goaf (roadway) coal uncovering and tunneling working face or in a drill site, the azimuth angle of the borehole is set to be crucial, and the correct azimuth angle is an important factor for measuring the control range of the borehole. In the past, a compass is directly used for setting, but too many iron devices are used on a tunneling working face, so that the accuracy of the compass is seriously influenced; later, the method is improved to be that slope rules are used for giving the slope rules one by one before drilling, and the method is relatively complicated and has at least 2 persons to cooperate; the construction efficiency is low, the accuracy is not high, and the gas extraction range is seriously influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: the construction method for rapidly determining the drilling azimuth is provided, the drilling azimuth is rapidly determined on site through the intersection point distance between the drilling azimuth and the central line on the drilling design plan, so that the drilling machine is stabilized, the working efficiency is greatly improved, the personnel investment is reduced, and a good using effect is obtained. The problems existing in the prior art are effectively solved.
The technical scheme of the invention is as follows: a construction method for rapidly determining a borehole azimuth, the method comprising the steps of:
firstly, positioning a drilled hole on a plane graph according to requirements when designing the drilled hole;
drawing a central line at the rear of the roadway, then deepening the first row of drill holes to the rear central line to obtain an intersection point, measuring the distance between the working surface and the intersection point, and then repeating the steps to obtain a drill hole design plan;
thirdly, accurately marking the positions of the central line of the roadway and the opening of the face wall in the underground site;
fourthly, taking the central line of the roadway as a conducting wire, calibrating the distance of the intersection point of each row of drill holes and the central line in the design drawing from the head to the rear of the roadway, hanging a vertical line on the top plate of the roadway at each distance point along the center, remembering the row number corresponding to each vertical line, and finishing the preparation work at the earlier stage;
before drilling construction, a horizontal line is pulled from the hole opening position of the hole to a heavy line position corresponding to the rear of the working face, and then the drilling machine is stabilized along the direction from the hole opening position of the drilling hole to the vertical line.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: compared with the prior art, the technical scheme of the invention can quickly determine the drilling direction on site by the intersection point distance between the drilling direction and the central line on the drilling design plan, thereby stabilizing the drilling machine, greatly improving the working efficiency, reducing the investment of personnel and obtaining good use effect.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Example 1: as shown in fig. 1, a construction method for rapidly determining a borehole azimuth comprises the following steps:
firstly, positioning a drilled hole on a plane graph according to requirements when designing the drilled hole;
drawing a central line at the rear of the roadway, then deepening the first row of drill holes to the rear central line to obtain an intersection point, measuring the distance between the working surface and the intersection point, and then repeating the steps to obtain a drill hole design plan;
thirdly, accurately marking the positions of the central line of the roadway and the opening of the face wall in the underground site;
fourthly, taking the central line of the roadway as a conducting wire, calibrating the distance of the intersection point of each row of drill holes and the central line in the design drawing from the head to the rear of the roadway, hanging a vertical line on the top plate of the roadway at each distance point along the center, remembering the row number corresponding to each vertical line, and finishing the preparation work at the earlier stage;
before drilling construction, a horizontal line is pulled from the hole opening position of the hole to a heavy line position corresponding to the rear of the working face, and then the drilling machine is stabilized along the direction from the hole opening position of the drilling hole to the vertical line.
By using the method, the coal uncovering method is used in the multiple coal uncovering processes of sites such as a 226 track goaf in a second mining area, a 216 transportation south goaf in a first mining area, a 216 transportation north goaf in a second mining area, a 216 air return south goaf, a 216 air return inclined roadway and the like, the control range of drilling is basically consistent with the design, and the abnormal phenomenon of gas passing and other gas accidents do not occur in the coal uncovering periods of the sites.
The method is characterized by comprising the following steps:
(1) the measured data must be accurate when designing the drill hole, and errors are forbidden.
(2) In downhole operations, the intersection of a given borehole opening location with the target behind the face is designed to be consistent with the design.
(3) When the drill is stable, the drill is required to be parallel to a corresponding intersection line from the position of the hole to the rear of the head.
(4) The azimuth angle of the drilling hole required to be constructed is marked in the drilling hole design drawing, and the distance from the intersection point of the reverse extension line of each drilling hole azimuth and the central line to the surface wall is marked.
(5) And (3) field implementation: the method comprises the steps of firstly accurately marking the positions of holes drilled on the central line and the face wall of a roadway on the underground site, then using the central line of the roadway as a conducting wire, marking the distance between each row of drilled holes and the intersection point of the central line in a design drawing from the head to the rear of the roadway, hanging vertical lines along the center of a roadway top plate at each distance point, and mainly remembering the row number corresponding to each vertical line. At this time, the preliminary preparation work is finished. Before drilling construction, a horizontal line is pulled to a position of a heavy line corresponding to the rear of the working face from the hole opening position of the changed hole, and then the drilling machine is stabilized along the direction from the hole opening position of the drilled hole to the vertical line.
The present invention is not described in detail, but is known to those skilled in the art. Finally, the above embodiments are only for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention and not for limiting, although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that modifications or equivalent substitutions may be made to the technical solutions of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention, and all of them should be covered in the claims of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. A construction method for rapidly determining a drilling azimuth angle is characterized by comprising the following steps: the method comprises the following steps: firstly, positioning a drilled hole on a plane graph according to requirements when designing the drilled hole; drawing a central line at the rear of the roadway, then deepening the first row of drill holes to the rear central line to obtain an intersection point, measuring the distance between the working surface and the intersection point, and then repeating the steps to obtain a drill hole design plan; thirdly, accurately marking the positions of the central line of the roadway and the opening of the face wall in the underground site; fourthly, taking the central line of the roadway as a conducting wire, calibrating the distance of the intersection point of each row of drill holes and the central line in the design drawing from the head to the rear of the roadway, hanging a vertical line on the top plate of the roadway at each distance point along the center, remembering the row number corresponding to each vertical line, and finishing the preparation work at the earlier stage; before drilling construction, a horizontal line is pulled from the hole opening position of the hole to a heavy line position corresponding to the rear of the working face, and then the drilling machine is stabilized along the direction from the hole opening position of the drilling hole to the vertical line.
CN202010448309.2A 2020-05-25 2020-05-25 Construction method for rapidly determining drilling azimuth angle Pending CN111594143A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010448309.2A CN111594143A (en) 2020-05-25 2020-05-25 Construction method for rapidly determining drilling azimuth angle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010448309.2A CN111594143A (en) 2020-05-25 2020-05-25 Construction method for rapidly determining drilling azimuth angle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111594143A true CN111594143A (en) 2020-08-28

Family

ID=72179495

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010448309.2A Pending CN111594143A (en) 2020-05-25 2020-05-25 Construction method for rapidly determining drilling azimuth angle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111594143A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111677443A (en) * 2020-06-05 2020-09-18 中煤华晋集团韩咀煤业有限公司 Quick positioning method for drilling machine
CN112229368A (en) * 2020-09-25 2021-01-15 贵州盘江精煤股份有限公司 Center line positioning device for quickly setting drilling azimuth angle device and use method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004150222A (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-05-27 Penta Ocean Constr Co Ltd Underground curved hole drilling device and hole drilling control method using this device
US20110100711A1 (en) * 2008-06-13 2011-05-05 Sandvik Mining And Construction Oy Method and equipment for displaying drill holes and method for directing drill rod when holes are drilled into rock
CN102953679A (en) * 2011-08-22 2013-03-06 淮南矿业(集团)有限责任公司 Borehole design method
CN205437265U (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-08-10 湖南金海钢结构股份有限公司 Novel steel pipe post component drilling location device
CN206376743U (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-08-04 山东科技大学 A kind of mining drilling positioner
US20170314331A1 (en) * 2014-10-31 2017-11-02 Minnovare Pty Ltd Apparatus And Method For Orientating, Positioning And Monitoring Drilling Machinery
CN107642350A (en) * 2017-11-14 2018-01-30 贵州盘江精煤股份有限公司 A kind of high-precision borehole method

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004150222A (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-05-27 Penta Ocean Constr Co Ltd Underground curved hole drilling device and hole drilling control method using this device
US20110100711A1 (en) * 2008-06-13 2011-05-05 Sandvik Mining And Construction Oy Method and equipment for displaying drill holes and method for directing drill rod when holes are drilled into rock
CN102953679A (en) * 2011-08-22 2013-03-06 淮南矿业(集团)有限责任公司 Borehole design method
US20170314331A1 (en) * 2014-10-31 2017-11-02 Minnovare Pty Ltd Apparatus And Method For Orientating, Positioning And Monitoring Drilling Machinery
CN205437265U (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-08-10 湖南金海钢结构股份有限公司 Novel steel pipe post component drilling location device
CN206376743U (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-08-04 山东科技大学 A kind of mining drilling positioner
CN107642350A (en) * 2017-11-14 2018-01-30 贵州盘江精煤股份有限公司 A kind of high-precision borehole method

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
李颖: "基于AutoCAD的矿山辅助绘图软件的二次开发", 《中国优秀硕士学位论文全文数据库(信息科技辑)》 *
王圣程等: "抽采钻孔带压注浆封孔技术的研究与应用", 《煤矿安全》 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111677443A (en) * 2020-06-05 2020-09-18 中煤华晋集团韩咀煤业有限公司 Quick positioning method for drilling machine
CN112229368A (en) * 2020-09-25 2021-01-15 贵州盘江精煤股份有限公司 Center line positioning device for quickly setting drilling azimuth angle device and use method
CN112229368B (en) * 2020-09-25 2023-11-07 贵州盘江精煤股份有限公司 Center line positioning device for rapidly giving azimuth angle of drilling

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
AU2017404561B2 (en) Method for precisely extracting coal-mine gas
CN111750822B (en) Coal mining induced overlying strata and surface subsidence collaborative dynamic prediction method
CN106437512B (en) A kind of shale gas horizontal well landing path drilling tracking regulation and control method
CN101387198A (en) Monitoring method for drilled wellbore trajectories
CN111594143A (en) Construction method for rapidly determining drilling azimuth angle
CN103790577B (en) Depth Domain based on the virtual straight well of horizontal well horizontal segment constraint inversion method
CN106050143A (en) Downhole directional hole bedding guided drilling system and method based on formation lithology identification
CN111502677B (en) Underground engineering depth combined geological survey arrangement method
CN106968686A (en) A kind of pipe shed construction method
CN106320978A (en) Drawing method of coal seam contour line based on underground location hole
CN113375753A (en) Method for monitoring and analyzing influence of coal mine fully mechanized mining face mining on underground water
CN103967480A (en) Slide-and-guide drilling based target-entering situation predicting method
CN110295848A (en) A kind of levelling boring method of blast hole bottom hole
CN112049648B (en) Pipe jacking construction monitoring control method
CN112819195B (en) Tunnel advanced drilling geology refined forecasting method
CN111768104B (en) Quantitative evaluation method for lithological change degree of monoclinic sand shale interbedded dam foundation
CN108801530B (en) Working face advanced support pressure influence range actual measurement method
CN112160740A (en) Horizontal well target layer microstructure determination method based on element logging
CN113031107B (en) Coal kiln goaf exploration method
CN113338804B (en) Control method for guide hole track of inclined shaft
CN103469827A (en) Tower base hot rod mounting technique in permafrost regions
CN113982574B (en) Geological investigation method in treatment process of ground water damage area
CN115584931A (en) Method for landing on thin target layer based on geosteering technology
CN110985009B (en) Inclined drilling construction method
CN115012822A (en) Method for drawing thickness contour line of water-resisting layer of coal seam floor based on directional horizontal drilling

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20200828