CN111590399A - Machining method for gear shaft of transmission accessory of speed reducer - Google Patents

Machining method for gear shaft of transmission accessory of speed reducer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111590399A
CN111590399A CN202010480186.0A CN202010480186A CN111590399A CN 111590399 A CN111590399 A CN 111590399A CN 202010480186 A CN202010480186 A CN 202010480186A CN 111590399 A CN111590399 A CN 111590399A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
gear shaft
wall
polishing
groove
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Withdrawn
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CN202010480186.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭东东
姚孝明
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Hefei Jizhi Ingenuity Technology Development Co ltd
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Hefei Jizhi Ingenuity Technology Development Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010480186.0A priority Critical patent/CN111590399A/en
Publication of CN111590399A publication Critical patent/CN111590399A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B1/00Processes of grinding or polishing; Use of auxiliary equipment in connection with such processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B21/00Machines or devices using grinding or polishing belts; Accessories therefor
    • B24B21/16Machines or devices using grinding or polishing belts; Accessories therefor for grinding other surfaces of particular shape
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B21/00Machines or devices using grinding or polishing belts; Accessories therefor
    • B24B21/18Accessories

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Finish Polishing, Edge Sharpening, And Grinding By Specific Grinding Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a machining method for a gear shaft of a transmission accessory of a speed reducer, which comprises a placing base, a fixing frame, a linkage mechanism, a polishing mechanism, an adjusting mechanism, a locking mechanism, a lifting assembly and a fixing assembly, wherein the fixing assembly is arranged at the center of the upper end face of the placing base, the fixing frames are symmetrically welded on two side walls of the placing base, the polishing mechanism is arranged at the top of the fixing frame, the lifting assembly is connected with the top of the polishing mechanism, the adjusting mechanism is arranged right below the polishing mechanism, the locking mechanism is arranged on one side of the polishing mechanism, the linkage mechanism is arranged on the side wall of the fixing frame on the right side of the fixing assembly, C-shaped plates are welded on the side walls of the tops of the two fixing frames, sliding rods are arranged inside the C-shaped plates, sliding sleeves are sleeved on the outer walls of the sliding rods, and supporting, the practicality is higher, simultaneously, the effectual precision of polishing that has improved.

Description

Machining method for gear shaft of transmission accessory of speed reducer
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of machining methods of gear shafts, in particular to a machining method of a gear shaft of a transmission accessory of a speed reducer.
Background
The reducer is an independent part consisting of gear transmission, worm transmission and gear-worm transmission enclosed in a rigid shell, and is commonly used as a speed reduction transmission device between a prime mover and a working machine. The function of matching the rotation speed and transmitting the torque between the prime mover and the working machine or the actuating mechanism is very extensive in modern machinery. The gear shaft is one of the important constituent members in the reduction gear. Gear shaft refers to a mechanical part that supports and rotates with a rotating part to transmit motion, torque, or bending moment. Typically in the form of a metal rod, each section may have a different diameter. The gear shaft is in the manufacture process, need polish to the gear groove of gear shaft, places the gear inslot and has the burr, influences its working effect.
The machining method for the gear shaft of the transmission accessory of the speed reducer in the current market has the following problems in the operation process: a. when the traditional machining method for the gear shaft of the transmission accessory of the speed reducer is used for polishing the gear shaft, the shape of the prepared polishing end is unique, namely, one polishing end can only be suitable for polishing operation of one type of gear shaft, so that the overall practicability of the device is poor; b. because traditional reduction gear transmission accessory gear shaft machining method is when polishing the gear shaft, the gear shaft of bottom adopts artifical hand fixed, leads to when the operation of polishing, and the gear shaft can produce deflection to a certain extent, influences the precision of polishing.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems, the invention provides a machining method for a gear shaft of a transmission accessory of a speed reducer, which can solve the problems in the background art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme to realize the purpose: the utility model provides a reduction gear transmission accessory gear shaft machine tooling method, it has used a reduction gear transmission accessory gear shaft machine tooling device, this reduction gear transmission accessory gear shaft machine tooling device is including placing base, mount, link gear, grinding machanism, adjustment mechanism, locking mechanical system, lifting unit and fixed subassembly, adopts above-mentioned reduction gear transmission accessory gear shaft machine tooling device to carry out the burr when polishing the operation the gear groove of gear shaft concrete method as follows:
s1, adjusting the grinding angle: the grinding angle of the grinding mechanism is adjusted through the adjusting mechanism, so that the grinding angle of the adjusted grinding mechanism is the same as the inclination angle of the gear groove of the gear shaft;
s2, positioning and locking: after the polishing angle is adjusted, the position of the adjusting mechanism is locked through the locking mechanism;
s3, placing a grinding piece: manually installing a gear shaft to be polished on the fixed assembly, holding one end of the gear shaft by a hand and driving the gear shaft to rotate until a gear groove of the gear shaft is opposite to the position right below the polishing mechanism and stopping rotating;
s4, burr polishing: manually driving the polishing mechanism to descend through the lifting assembly, enabling the polishing mechanism to be in contact with the side wall of the gear groove of the gear shaft, removing burrs on the side wall of the gear groove through the polishing mechanism, and finally manually driving the polishing mechanism to be separated from the gear groove through the lifting assembly;
s5, repeating the operation: and manually rotating the gear shaft, rotating the unprocessed gear grooves to the position right below the grinding mechanism, grinding the gear grooves according to the operation mode in S4, and then circulating the operation until all the gear grooves on the gear shaft are completely processed, and manually taking out the gear shaft from the fixed assembly.
The polishing device comprises a placing base, a lifting component, a locking mechanism, a fixing frame, a lifting component, a fixing mechanism, a lifting component, a regulating mechanism, a locking mechanism and a linkage mechanism, wherein the fixing component is arranged at the central position of the upper end face of the placing base;
the side walls of the tops of the two fixing frames are welded with C-shaped plates, sliding rods are installed inside the C-shaped plates, sliding sleeves are sleeved on the outer walls of the sliding rods, and supporting springs are installed on the outer walls of the sliding rods and located right below the sliding sleeves;
the polishing mechanism comprises a mounting plate, a driving motor, a driving roller, a rectangular plate, a displacement block, a rectangular hole, a displacement groove, a driven roller, a thread positioning rod and a polishing belt, wherein two side walls of the mounting plate are connected to the outer wall of the sliding sleeve through fixing rods, the driving motor is mounted on the outer wall of one side of the mounting plate, the output shaft end of the driving motor is connected with the driving roller through a coupling, the rectangular plate is welded at the central position of the lower end face of the mounting plate, the rectangular hole is formed in the rectangular plate, the displacement grooves are symmetrically formed in the side walls of the rectangular hole, the displacement block is positioned in the rectangular hole, two ends of the displacement block are inserted in the displacement groove, the connecting hole is formed in the top of the displacement groove, a threaded hole is formed in the upper end face of the displacement block and is positioned right below the connecting hole, the thread positioning, a driven roller is arranged at the center of the side wall of the displacement block, and a polishing belt is arranged on the outer walls of the driven roller and the driving roller;
the adjusting mechanism comprises a fixed plate, a first rectangular rod, an adjusting block, a gear, a positioning hole, a second rectangular rod, a rack, a square groove and an adjusting roller, wherein the fixed plate is fixed on the side wall of the mounting plate through a bolt, the square groove is formed in the central position of one side of the fixed plate, a rotating shaft is installed in the central position of the inner part of the square groove, the gear is welded on the outer wall of the rotary pump, the positioning holes are formed in the circumferential direction of the side wall of the gear at equal intervals, the first rectangular rod is welded on the central positions of the left side wall and the right side wall of the square groove, the adjusting block is sleeved on the outer wall of the first rectangular rod, the adjusting roller is installed in the central position of the outer wall of the adjusting block, the outer wall of the adjusting roller abuts against the inner wall of the polishing belt, mounting grooves are symmetrically formed in the upper side, the rack and the gear are meshed with each other;
the locking mechanism comprises a support frame, a threaded round rod, a deflection plate, a positioning insertion rod and a locking nut, the support frame is installed on the side wall of the installation plate through bolts, the threaded round rod is welded at the top of the support frame, the deflection plate is sleeved on the outer wall of the threaded round rod, the positioning insertion rod is inserted into one end of the deflection plate, the positioning insertion rod and the positioning hole are of a matched structure, and the locking nut is installed at the upper end of the threaded round rod.
Further, the lifting assembly comprises a connecting plate, a shaft rod, a cam, a roller shaft, a winding roller and a holding rod, the connecting plate is welded on the upper end face of the fixing frame, the shaft rod is installed at the upper end of the fixing frame, the cam is welded at the middle position of the shaft rod, the roller shaft is arranged under the cam, the roller shaft is installed on the upper end face of the installing plate through the connecting frame, the winding roller is arranged on the right side of the connecting plate, the outer wall of one side of the winding roller is welded at the end face of the roller shaft, and the holding rod is welded.
Further, fixed subassembly includes first fixed block, the bearing board, the connecting rod, reset spring, the second fixed block, connecting sleeve and interlock board, the welding of first fixed block is in the up end center department of placing the base, the bearing board has all been welded to the both sides wall of first fixed block, the welding of the top of bearing board has the connecting rod, reset spring has been cup jointed to the outer wall of connecting rod, the second fixed block is located first fixed block directly over, the both sides wall of second fixed block all is provided with connecting sleeve, connecting sleeve cup joints the outer wall at the connecting rod, the welding of the connecting sleeve outer wall that is located second fixed block right side position has the interlock board.
Further, link gear is including installation base, first fixed pulley, second fixed pulley, third fixed pulley and haulage rope, and the welding of installation base is on being located fixed subassembly right side the mount lateral wall, the equidistant first fixed pulley, second fixed pulley and third fixed pulley of installing from a left side to the right side in proper order in the top of installation base, the one end embedding of haulage rope is at the lower terminal surface of interlock board, and the other end of haulage rope is in proper order around first fixed pulley, third fixed pulley and the embedding of second fixed pulley at the outer wall of wind-up roll, and the round hole has been seted up at the top of mount and the junction of haulage rope.
Furthermore, the spliced eye has all been seted up at the inside both ends of first fixed block, and the inside grafting of spliced eye has locking screw, and the locking screw has been seted up with locking screw in the junction at the top of second fixed block, and the roller is installed to the inside symmetry of second fixed block.
Furthermore, the first fixed pulley and the second fixed pulley are horizontally arranged, and the vertical height of the third fixed pulley is higher than that of the first fixed pulley and that of the second fixed pulley.
Furthermore, a limit groove is formed in the side wall of the connecting plate, and a limit stop is welded at the joint of the outer wall of the shaft rod and the limit groove.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the machining method for the gear shaft of the transmission accessory of the speed reducer, the adjusting mechanism and other components are arranged, the angles of the grinding belts on the two sides of the driven roller can be changed in real time according to the model of the gear shaft through the mutual matching of the adjusting mechanism and other components, so that the grinding belt is suitable for the grinding requirements of different gear shafts, the operation process is simple and convenient, and the practicability is higher compared with the traditional grinding mode.
2. According to the machining method for the gear shaft of the transmission accessory of the speed reducer, the linkage mechanism, the fixing assembly and other components are arranged, so that the body of the gear shaft can be fixed while polishing is carried out, the gear shaft cannot deflect when a polishing process is carried out, a polishing belt is uniformly contacted with a gear groove of the gear shaft, burrs in the gear groove can be removed, and polishing precision is higher.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a flow chart of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the adjustment mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a partial cross-sectional view of a rectangular plate of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the locking mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged, fragmentary view of area A of FIG. 2 in accordance with the present invention;
fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view of a web of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical problems, technical solutions and advantageous effects to be solved by the present invention more clearly apparent, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 7, a machining method for a gear shaft of a transmission accessory of a speed reducer uses a machining device for a gear shaft of a transmission accessory of a speed reducer, the machining device for a gear shaft of a transmission accessory of a speed reducer comprises a placing base 1, a fixing frame 2, a linkage mechanism 3, a polishing mechanism 4, an adjusting mechanism 5, a locking mechanism 6, a lifting assembly 7 and a fixing assembly 8, and the machining method for a gear shaft of a transmission accessory of a speed reducer when the machining device for a gear shaft of a speed reducer is used for carrying out burr polishing operation on a gear groove of a gear shaft comprises the following:
s1, adjusting the grinding angle: the grinding angle of the grinding mechanism 4 is adjusted through the adjusting mechanism 5, so that the grinding angle of the grinding mechanism 4 after adjustment is the same as the inclination angle of the gear groove of the gear shaft;
s2, positioning and locking: after the polishing angle is adjusted, the position of the adjusting mechanism 5 is locked through the locking mechanism 6;
s3, placing a grinding piece: manually installing a gear shaft to be polished on the fixing component 8, holding one end of the gear shaft by a hand and driving the gear shaft to rotate until a gear groove of the gear shaft is opposite to the position right below the polishing mechanism 4 and stopping rotating;
s4, burr polishing: manually driving the polishing mechanism 4 to descend through the lifting assembly 7, enabling the polishing mechanism 4 to be in contact with the side wall of the gear groove of the gear shaft, removing burrs on the side wall of the gear groove through the polishing mechanism 4, and finally manually driving the polishing mechanism 4 to be separated from the gear groove through the lifting assembly 7;
s5, repeating the operation: manually rotating the gear shaft, rotating the unprocessed gear grooves to be right below the polishing mechanism 4, polishing the gear grooves according to the operation mode in S4, and then circulating the operation until all the gear grooves on the gear shaft are processed, and manually taking the gear shaft out of the fixing assembly 8;
a fixing component 8 is arranged at the center of the upper end face of the placing base 1, two side walls of the placing base 1 are symmetrically welded with fixing frames 2, a polishing mechanism 4 is installed at the top of each fixing frame 2, the top of each polishing mechanism 4 is connected with a lifting component 7, an adjusting mechanism 5 is arranged right below each polishing mechanism 4, a locking mechanism 6 is arranged on one side of each polishing mechanism 4, and a linkage mechanism 3 is installed on the side wall of each fixing frame 2 located on the right side of each fixing component 8;
the side walls of the tops of the two fixing frames 2 are welded with C-shaped plates 21, sliding rods 22 are installed inside the C-shaped plates 21, sliding sleeves 23 are sleeved on the outer walls of the sliding rods 22, and supporting springs 24 are installed on the outer walls of the sliding rods 22 and are located right below the sliding sleeves 23;
the fixing component 8 comprises a first fixing block 81, a supporting plate 82, a connecting rod 83, a reset spring 84, a second fixing block 85, a connecting sleeve 86 and a linkage plate 87, the first fixing block 81 is welded at the center of the upper end face of the placing base 1, the supporting plate 82 is welded on two side walls of the first fixing block 81, the connecting rod 83 is welded on the top of the supporting plate 82, the reset spring 84 is sleeved on the outer wall of the connecting rod 83, the second fixing block 85 is positioned right above the first fixing block 81, the connecting sleeve 86 is arranged on two side walls of the second fixing block 85, the connecting sleeve 86 is sleeved on the outer wall of the connecting rod 83, the linkage plate 87 is welded on the outer wall of the connecting sleeve 86 positioned at the right side of the second fixing block 85, when the fixing component works, the second fixing block 85 is manually taken out of the connecting rod 83, a gear shaft to be processed is placed on the first fixing block 81, the second fixing block 85, namely, the mounting work of the gear shaft is completed.
The two ends of the inside of the first fixing block 81 are both provided with inserting holes 8a, the inside of the inserting hole 8a is inserted with a locking screw 8b, the joint of the top of the second fixing block 85 and the locking screw 8b is provided with a locking screw hole 8c, the inside of the second fixing block 85 is symmetrically provided with rollers 8d, so that the friction between the bottom of the gear shaft and the first fixing block 81 is rolling friction, the gear shaft is easily rotated manually, before the adjustment of the polishing angle, the locking screw 8b is manually rotated by a wrench, so that the locking screw 8b is locked in the locking screw hole 8c, so that the gear shaft is fixed between the first fixing block 81 and the second fixing block 85, so that during adjustment, accessible lifting unit 7 drives the area of polishing 40 and enters into the gear groove in, whether the area of polishing 40 of visualing pastes with the lateral wall in gear groove mutually, can judge whether the angle of polishing of the area of polishing 40 adjusts accurately.
The adjusting mechanism 5 comprises a fixing plate 51, a first rectangular rod 52, an adjusting block 53, a gear 54, a positioning hole 55, a second rectangular rod 56, a rack 57, a square groove 58 and an adjusting roller 59, the fixing plate 51 is fixed on the side wall of the mounting plate 41 through a bolt, the square groove 58 is arranged at the center of one side of the fixing plate 51, a rotating shaft is arranged at the center of the inside of the square groove 58, the gear 54 is welded on the outer wall of the rotating pump, a rocker is arranged on the side wall of the rotating shaft, the positioning holes 55 are arranged at equal intervals in the circumferential direction of the side wall of the gear 54, the first rectangular rod 52 is welded at the center of the left side wall and the right side wall of the square groove 58, the adjusting block 53 is sleeved on the outer wall of the first rectangular rod 52, the adjusting roller 59 is arranged at the center of the outer wall of the adjusting block 53, the outer wall of the adjusting roller 59 abuts against, when the grinding belt sander specifically works, a rocker is manually rotated, a rotating shaft is driven to rotate through the rocker, namely, the gear 54 is driven to rotate, the rotating gear 54 is meshed with the rack 57, so that the two racks 57 are driven to move backwards on the outer wall of the second rectangular rod 56 through the gear 54, the two adjusting blocks 53 are pushed to move backwards on the first rectangular rod 52 through the racks 57, namely, the distance between the adjusting rollers 59 arranged on one sides of the two adjusting blocks 53 is increased, the grinding belt sander 40 is pushed to be spread through the adjusting rollers 59, as the driving roller 43 is connected with the output shaft of the driving motor 42, namely, the position of the driving roller 43 is relatively unchanged, when the grinding belt sander 40 is spread, the driven roller 48 is vertically pulled by the grinding belt sander 40, displacement piece 45 is along the vertical rebound of displacement groove 47 under the effect of pulling force, at this moment, contained angle progressively increases between the polishing area 40 of driven voller 48 left and right sides position, the contained angle of polishing area 40 is the same with the gear groove angle of waiting to process the gear shaft here, the stall hand wheel rotates screw thread locating lever 49 through the spanner, make screw thread locating lever 49 precession threaded hole, thereby driven voller 48's position is locked, this kind of regulative mode, applicable in the operation of polishing of different model gear shafts, the practicality is higher.
The locking mechanism 6 comprises a support frame 61, a threaded round rod 62, a deflection plate 63, a positioning inserted rod 64 and a locking nut 65, the support frame 61 is installed on the side wall of the installation plate 41 through bolts, the threaded round rod 62 is welded at the top of the support frame 61, the deflection plate 63 is sleeved on the outer wall of the threaded round rod 62, the positioning inserted rod 64 is inserted into one end of the deflection plate 63, the positioning inserted rod 64 and the positioning hole 55 are of a matched structure, the locking nut 65 is installed at the upper end of the threaded round rod 62, the deflection plate 63 is manually pulled off, one end of the deflection plate 63 is positioned right above the positioning hole 55, the positioning insertion rod 64 penetrates through the deflection plate 63 to be inserted into the positioning hole 55, finally, the locking nut 65 is rotated through a wrench, so that the locking nut 65 is tightly attached to the upper end face of the deflection plate 63, in this way, the gear 54 cannot rotate by itself under the restriction of the positioning insertion rod 64, so that the positions of the two adjusted racks 57 are effectively positioned.
The polishing mechanism 4 comprises a mounting plate 41, a driving motor 42, a driving roller 43, a rectangular plate 44, a displacement block 45, a rectangular hole 46, a displacement groove 47, a driven roller 48, a threaded positioning rod 49 and a polishing belt 40, wherein both side walls of the mounting plate 41 are connected to the outer wall of the sliding sleeve 23 through fixing rods, the driving motor 42 is mounted on the outer wall of one side of the mounting plate 41, an output shaft end of the driving motor 42 is connected with the driving roller 43 through a coupling, the rectangular plate 44 is welded at the center position of the lower end face of the mounting plate 41, the rectangular hole 46 is formed in the rectangular plate 44, the displacement grooves 47 are symmetrically formed in the side walls of the rectangular hole 46, the displacement block 45 is positioned in the rectangular hole 46, two ends of the displacement block 45 are inserted in the displacement groove 47, a connecting hole is formed in the top of the displacement groove 47, a threaded hole is formed in the position, an extrusion spring is embedded in one end of the displacement block 45, the other end of the extrusion spring is embedded in the inner wall of the rectangular hole 46, a driven roller 48 is installed in the center of the side wall of the displacement block 45, and the grinding belt 40 is installed on the outer walls of the driven roller 48 and the driving roller 43.
The lifting assembly 7 comprises a connecting plate 71, a shaft rod 72, a cam 73, a roller shaft 74, a winding roller 75 and a holding rod 76, the connecting plate 71 is welded on the upper end face of the fixed frame 2, the shaft rod 72 is installed at the upper end of the fixed frame 2, the cam 73 is welded in the middle of the shaft rod 72, the roller shaft 74 is arranged right below the cam 73, the roller shaft 74 is installed on the upper end face of the installing plate 41 through a connecting frame, the winding roller 75 is arranged on the right side of the connecting plate 71, the outer wall of one side of the winding roller 75 is welded on the end face of one end of the roller shaft 74, the holding rod 76 is welded on the other side of the winding roller 75, after the polishing angle is adjusted, the driving motor 42 is manually controlled to enter a working state, the driving motor 42 drives the driving roller 43 to rotate, the polishing belt 40 is driven to rotate under the cooperation of the driven roller 48 and the adjusting roller 59, then, the holding rod 76 is, pivoted cam 73 extrudes the close-by roller 74 in below to make mounting panel 41 slide down along slide bar 22 under the effect of extrusion force, supporting spring 24 is compressed and is produced the resilience force, and this resilience force is used for the automatic re-setting of mounting panel 41, and the mounting panel 41 that slides down drives the gear groove department that grinds gear belt 40 and enter into the gear shaft, polishes the gear groove through polishing belt 40, thereby realizes the operation of getting rid of gear groove department burr.
The linkage mechanism 3 comprises a mounting base 31, a first fixed pulley 32, a second fixed pulley 33, a third fixed pulley 34 and a traction rope 35, the mounting base 31 is welded on the side wall of the fixing frame 2 positioned on the right side of the fixing component 8, the first fixed pulley 32, the second fixed pulley 33 and the third fixed pulley 34 are sequentially mounted on the top of the mounting base 31 from left to right at equal intervals, one end of the traction rope 35 is embedded into the lower end face of the linkage plate 87, the other end of the traction rope 35 sequentially bypasses the first fixed pulley 32, the third fixed pulley 34 and the second fixed pulley 33 and is embedded into the outer wall of the winding roller 75, a round hole is formed in the connecting part of the top of the fixing frame 2 and the traction rope 35, the lifting component 7 drives the polishing mechanism 4 to descend, the rotary shaft rod 72 winds the traction rope 35 around the outer wall of the winding roller 75 to enable the traction rope 35 to vertically ascend, and then passes through the first fixed, The cooperation of second fixed pulley 33 and third fixed pulley 34, the haulage rope 35 that is located terminal surface one end under the interlock board 87 is vertical downwards to pulling second fixed block 85 along the vertical gliding of connecting rod 83, thereby making the gear shaft be sandwiched between first fixed block 81 and second fixed block 85, like this before the process of polishing carries out, has fixed a position the position of gear shaft, makes when carrying out the process of polishing, and the rotation axis can not take place to deflect, and the precision of polishing is higher.
The first fixed pulley 32 and the second fixed pulley 33 are horizontally arranged, and the third fixed pulley 34 is higher than the first fixed pulley 32 and the second fixed pulley 33 in vertical height, so that the winding path of the traction rope 35 is M-shaped, that is, the stress directions of the two ends of the traction rope 35 are opposite.
The side wall of the connecting plate 71 is provided with a limiting groove 7a, and a limiting stop 7b is welded at the joint of the outer wall of the shaft rod 72 and the limiting groove 7a, so that the winding roller 75 cannot deflect under the pulling of the traction rope 35, namely, the traction rope 35 is in a tight state under the non-working state.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are given by way of illustration of the principles of the present invention, and that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a reduction gear transmission accessory gear shaft machine tooling method, it has used a reduction gear transmission accessory gear shaft machine tooling device, this reduction gear transmission accessory gear shaft machine tooling device is including placing base (1), mount (2), link gear (3), grinding machanism (4), adjustment mechanism (5), locking mechanical system (6), lifting unit (7) and fixed subassembly (8), its characterized in that: the specific method for carrying out burr polishing operation on the gear groove of the gear shaft by adopting the gear shaft machining device for the transmission accessory of the speed reducer is as follows:
s1, adjusting the grinding angle: the grinding angle of the grinding mechanism (4) is adjusted through the adjusting mechanism (5), so that the grinding angle of the adjusted grinding mechanism (4) is the same as the inclination angle of the gear groove of the gear shaft;
s2, positioning and locking: after the polishing angle is adjusted, the position of the adjusting mechanism (5) is locked through the locking mechanism (6);
s3, placing a grinding piece: manually installing a gear shaft to be polished on the fixed assembly (8), holding one end of the gear shaft by a hand and driving the gear shaft to rotate until a gear groove of the gear shaft is opposite to the position right below the polishing mechanism (4) and stopping rotating;
s4, burr polishing: manually driving the polishing mechanism (4) to descend through the lifting assembly (7), enabling the polishing mechanism (4) to be in contact with the side wall of the gear groove of the gear shaft, removing burrs on the side wall of the gear groove through the polishing mechanism (4), and finally manually driving the polishing mechanism (4) to be separated from the gear groove through the lifting assembly (7);
s5, repeating the operation: and manually rotating the gear shaft, rotating the unprocessed gear grooves to the position right below the grinding mechanism (4), grinding the gear grooves according to the operation mode in S4, and then circulating the operation until all the gear grooves on the gear shaft are completely processed, and manually taking out the gear shaft from the fixed assembly (8).
A fixing component (8) is arranged at the center of the upper end face of the placing base (1), fixing frames (2) are symmetrically welded on two side walls of the placing base (1), a polishing mechanism (4) is installed at the top of each fixing frame (2), a lifting component (7) is connected to the top of each polishing mechanism (4), an adjusting mechanism (5) is arranged right below each polishing mechanism (4), a locking mechanism (6) is arranged on one side of each polishing mechanism (4), and a linkage mechanism (3) is installed on the side wall of each fixing frame (2) located on the right side of each fixing component (8);
the side walls of the tops of the two fixing frames (2) are welded with C-shaped plates (21), sliding rods (22) are installed inside the C-shaped plates (21), sliding sleeves (23) are sleeved on the outer walls of the sliding rods (22), and supporting springs (23) are installed on the outer walls of the sliding rods (22) and are located right below the sliding sleeves (23);
the polishing mechanism (4) comprises a mounting plate (41), a driving motor (42), a driving roller (43), a rectangular plate (44), a displacement block (45), a rectangular hole (46), a displacement groove (47), a driven roller (48), a thread positioning rod (49) and a polishing belt (40), wherein both side walls of the mounting plate (41) are connected to the outer wall of the sliding sleeve (23) through fixing rods, the driving motor (42) is installed on the outer wall of one side of the mounting plate (41), the output shaft end of the driving motor (42) is connected with the driving roller (43) through a coupler, the rectangular plate (44) is welded at the central position of the lower end face of the mounting plate (41), the rectangular hole (46) is formed in the rectangular plate (44), the displacement groove (47) is symmetrically formed in the side wall of the rectangular hole (46), the displacement block (45) is positioned in the rectangular hole (46), and the two ends of the, the top of the displacement groove (47) is provided with a connecting hole, the upper end face of the displacement block (45) is provided with a threaded hole at a position right below the connecting hole, a threaded positioning rod (49) penetrates through the connecting hole to be installed in the threaded hole in a matched mode, one end of the displacement block (45) is embedded with an extrusion spring, the other end of the extrusion spring is embedded in the inner wall of the rectangular hole (46), a driven roller (48) is installed at the center of the side wall of the displacement block (45), and a polishing belt (40) is installed on the outer walls of the driven roller (48) and the driving roller (43;
the adjusting mechanism (5) comprises a fixing plate (51), a first rectangular rod (52), an adjusting block (53), a gear (54), a positioning hole (55), a second rectangular rod (56), a rack (57), a square groove (58) and an adjusting roller (59), wherein the fixing plate (51) is fixed on the side wall of the mounting plate (41) through bolts, the square groove (58) is formed in the center of one side of the fixing plate (51), a rotating shaft is installed in the center of the inside of the square groove (58), the gear (54) is welded on the outer wall of the rotating drawer, the positioning holes (55) are formed in the circumferential direction of the side wall of the gear (54) at equal intervals, the first rectangular rod (52) is welded in the center of the left side wall and the right side wall of the square groove (58), the adjusting block (53) is sleeved on the outer wall of the first rectangular rod (52), the adjusting roller (59) is installed in the center of the outer wall of the adjusting block (, mounting grooves are symmetrically formed in the upper side wall and the lower side wall of the square groove (58), a second rectangular rod (56) is mounted inside the mounting groove, a rack (57) is sleeved on the outer wall of the second rectangular rod (56), one end of the rack (57) is connected with the adjusting block (53) through a connecting rod, and the rack (57) and the gear (54) are meshed with each other;
locking mechanical system (6) are including support frame (61), screw thread round bar (62), deflection board (63), location inserted bar (64) and lock nut (65), the lateral wall at mounting panel (41) is installed through the bolt in support frame (61), the top welding of support frame (61) has screw thread round bar (62), deflection board (63) cup joint the outer wall at screw thread round bar (62), the one end of deflection board (63) is pegged graft and is had location inserted bar (64), location inserted bar (64) and locating hole (55) are the cooperation structure, lock nut (65) are installed to the upper end of screw thread round bar (62).
2. The method of machining a gear shaft of a transmission accessory of a speed reducer of claim 1, wherein: lifting unit (7) is including connecting plate (71), axostylus axostyle (72), cam (73), roller (74), wind-up roll (75) and holding rod (76), connecting plate (71) welding is in the up end of mount (2), axostylus axostyle (72) are installed to the upper end of mount (2), the middle part position welding of axostylus axostyle (72) has cam (73), be provided with roller (74) under cam (73), the up end at mounting panel (41) is installed through the link in roller (74), the right side of connecting plate (71) is provided with wind-up roll (75), the one side outer wall welding of wind-up roll (75) is in the one end terminal surface department of roller (74), the opposite side welding of wind-up roll (75) has.
3. The method of machining a gear shaft of a transmission accessory of a speed reducer of claim 1, wherein: fixed subassembly (8) include first fixed block (81), bearing board (82), connecting rod (83), reset spring (84), second fixed block (85), connecting sleeve (86) and interlock board (87), the welding of first fixed block (81) is in the up end center department of placing base (1), bearing board (82) have all been welded to the both sides wall of first fixed block (81), the welding of the top of bearing board (82) has connecting rod (83), reset spring (84) have been cup jointed to the outer wall of connecting rod (83), second fixed block (85) are located directly over first fixed block (81), the both sides wall of second fixed block (85) all is provided with connecting sleeve (86), connecting sleeve (86) cup joint the outer wall at connecting rod (83), connecting sleeve (86) outer wall welding that is located second fixed block (85) right side position has interlock board (87).
4. The method of machining a gear shaft of a transmission accessory of a speed reducer as set forth in claim 2, wherein: link gear (3) are including installation base (31), first fixed pulley (32), second fixed pulley (33), third fixed pulley (34) and haulage rope (35), and installation base (31) welding is located fixed subassembly (8) right side mount (2) lateral wall, first fixed pulley (32), second fixed pulley (33) and third fixed pulley (34) are installed from a left side to the right side in proper order to the top equidistance of installation base (31), and the one end embedding of haulage rope (35) is at the lower terminal surface of interlock board (87), and the other end of haulage rope (35) is walked around first fixed pulley (32) in proper order, the outer wall of third fixed pulley (34) and second fixed pulley (33) embedding at wind-up roll (75), and the round hole has been seted up with the junction of haulage rope (35) at the top of mount (2).
5. The method of machining a gear shaft of a transmission accessory of a speed reducer of claim 3, wherein: spliced eye (8a) have all been seted up at the inside both ends of first fixed block (81), and the inside grafting of spliced eye (8a) has locking screw (8b), and locking screw (8c) have been seted up with the junction of locking screw (8b) to the top of second fixed block (85), and roller (8d) are installed to the inside symmetry of second fixed block (85).
6. The method of machining a gear shaft of a transmission accessory of a speed reducer of claim 4, wherein: the first fixed pulley (32) and the second fixed pulley (33) are horizontally arranged, and the vertical height of the third fixed pulley (34) is higher than that of the first fixed pulley (32) and the second fixed pulley (33).
7. The method of machining a gear shaft of a transmission accessory of a speed reducer as set forth in claim 2, wherein: the side wall of the connecting plate (71) is provided with a limiting groove (7a), and a limiting stop (7b) is welded at the joint of the outer wall of the shaft rod (72) and the limiting groove (7 a).
CN202010480186.0A 2020-05-30 2020-05-30 Machining method for gear shaft of transmission accessory of speed reducer Withdrawn CN111590399A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112872999A (en) * 2021-02-01 2021-06-01 徐君 Polishing machine for manufacturing antibacterial stainless steel tableware
CN113427346A (en) * 2021-07-15 2021-09-24 安徽新境界自动化技术有限公司 Polishing processing technology for iron casting
CN114473768A (en) * 2022-04-15 2022-05-13 深圳市伽弥科技有限公司 Precise manufacturing equipment and process for flexible display module

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112872999A (en) * 2021-02-01 2021-06-01 徐君 Polishing machine for manufacturing antibacterial stainless steel tableware
CN113427346A (en) * 2021-07-15 2021-09-24 安徽新境界自动化技术有限公司 Polishing processing technology for iron casting
CN113427346B (en) * 2021-07-15 2022-02-18 安徽新境界自动化技术有限公司 Polishing processing technology for iron casting
CN114473768A (en) * 2022-04-15 2022-05-13 深圳市伽弥科技有限公司 Precise manufacturing equipment and process for flexible display module
CN114473768B (en) * 2022-04-15 2022-06-24 深圳市伽弥科技有限公司 Precise manufacturing equipment and process for flexible display module

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