CN111486519A - Sealed air filtering type efficient ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization device and method - Google Patents

Sealed air filtering type efficient ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111486519A
CN111486519A CN202010272513.3A CN202010272513A CN111486519A CN 111486519 A CN111486519 A CN 111486519A CN 202010272513 A CN202010272513 A CN 202010272513A CN 111486519 A CN111486519 A CN 111486519A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
air outlet
outlet
shell
ultraviolet
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN202010272513.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
于晓军
于文
刘凤仪
肖旭东
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Shantou University Medical College
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Shantou University Medical College
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Application filed by Shantou University Medical College filed Critical Shantou University Medical College
Priority to CN202010272513.3A priority Critical patent/CN111486519A/en
Publication of CN111486519A publication Critical patent/CN111486519A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/16Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by purification, e.g. by filtering; by sterilisation; by ozonisation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/02Ducting arrangements
    • F24F13/0227Ducting arrangements using parts of the building, e.g. air ducts inside the floor, walls or ceiling of a building
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/08Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/20Casings or covers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/24Means for preventing or suppressing noise
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/28Arrangement or mounting of filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/108Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering using dry filter elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/192Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by electrical means, e.g. by applying electrostatic fields or high voltages
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/20Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation
    • F24F8/22Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation using UV light
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/20Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation
    • F24F8/24Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation using sterilising media
    • F24F8/26Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation using sterilising media using ozone
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters

Abstract

The invention discloses a closed air filtering type high-efficiency ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization device and a method, comprising a shell, an ultraviolet germicidal lamp, a wind barrier turbulence component and a coanda effect diversion generation component, wherein the shell comprises a cavity forming a closed space, an air supply outlet and an air outlet communicated with the cavity; kangda effect flow guideThe generating assembly is fixed at one end close to the air outlet; the dominant wavelengths of the ultraviolet germicidal lamp are 253.7nm for destroying microorganism DNA structures and 184.9nm for generating ozone; the air generates cyclone in the cavity through the wind barrier turbulence component and the coanda effect flow guide generation component and passes through UVC/O3And outputting from the air outlet after sterilization. The invention has the characteristics of high efficiency, time delay, silence, safety and the like, and ultraviolet rays and O3No leakage, and no harm to human health.

Description

Sealed air filtering type efficient ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization device and method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of disinfection and sterilization, in particular to a closed air filtration type efficient ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization device and method.
Background
The existing ultraviolet disinfection device belongs to a static disinfection mode and has the following defects:
1) when the device works, personnel cannot move in the same space, otherwise, the adverse effect on the health of the human body is caused, and the normal life and work of indoor personnel are influenced;
2) radiation with lambda of 200-280 nm is emitted by a UVC ultraviolet germicidal lamp, and lethal chemical rays accelerate the aging of chemical material products such as indoor plastics, rubber, nylon, terylene and the like and have odor volatilization while the products are sterilized and disinfected.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a closed air filtration type high-efficiency ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization device and a method, all ultraviolet rays and ozone ions generated by the ultraviolet rays are limited in a closed device cavity, and normal life and work of indoor personnel are not influenced.
The technical scheme of the invention is realized as follows:
a sealed air filtering type efficient ultraviolet ray disinfection and sterilization device comprises a shell, an ultraviolet ray sterilization lamp, a wind barrier turbulence component and a coanda effect diversion generation component, wherein the shell comprises a cavity forming a sealed space, an air supply opening and an air outlet communicated with the cavity, the ultraviolet ray sterilization lamp is fixed at the bottom of the cavity, the wind barrier turbulence component comprises a plurality of T-shaped wind barriers, and the heights of the T-shaped wind barriers are increased in a stepped mode along the air inlet-air outlet direction; the coanda effect flow guide generation assembly is fixed at one end close to the air outlet; the dominant line wavelength of the ultraviolet germicidal lamp is 253.7nm for destroying microorganism DNA structures and 184.9nm for generating ozone; air passes through the air barrier turbulence component and the coanda effect diversion generation component to be generated in the cavityCyclonic, UVC/O3And outputting from the air outlet after sterilization.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the air supply opening includes a plurality of parallel inclined air inlet holes, air enters from the air inlet holes to an end away from the air outlet opening, the air outlet opening includes a plurality of parallel inclined air outlet holes, and air flows from the air outlet openings to the outside from top to bottom.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the height of the T-shaped wind baffle is according to the formula x2=2py,p<And (4) calculating 0.
The quartz water pipe is fixed in the cavity, and the water inlet and the water outlet both penetrate through the shell.
As a preferred embodiment of the invention, the device is a wall-mounted/ceiling-mounted or mobile structure.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the ultraviolet germicidal lamp includes a ballast and a lamp holder in a separated structure, the ballast supplies power to the lamp holder, and the ballast and the lamp holder are detachably fixed inside the housing.
A closed air filtration type high-efficiency ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization method comprises the following steps:
step 1, processing a shell, wherein an air supply outlet and an air outlet are arranged on two adjacent side surfaces of the shell, and sealing components are fixed on the side edges of the air supply outlet and the air outlet;
step 2, fixedly installing an ultraviolet germicidal lamp with main line wavelength of 253.7nm for destroying a microorganism DNA structure and 184.9nm for generating ozone in the side surface of the machine shell opposite to the air supply outlet;
step 3, fixedly mounting a wind barrier turbulence component and a coanda effect flow guide generation component on the same surface of the ultraviolet germicidal lamp, wherein the coanda effect flow guide generation component is close to the air outlet;
and 4, preheating the ultraviolet germicidal lamp for 3-5 min and then starting to work.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the heights of the windbreak spoiler assembly and the coanda effect flow guide generating assembly are according to the formula x2=2py,p<And (4) calculating 0.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1) the novelty is as follows: ozone (O) generated by ultraviolet UVC radiation with antivirus and sterilizing effects3),UVC/O3The synergistic effect of the two drugs is used together.
2) High efficiency: in a closed small-volume space, ultra-high radiation dosage of ultraviolet rays in a sterilization waveband and the concentration of ozone generated by the ultraviolet rays can be gathered, so that most of known pathogenic microorganisms can be killed.
3) Time delay: the coanda effect principle is adopted to force the airflow to leave the original flowing direction for a plurality of times, and cyclone (or turbulent flow) is generated along with the progressive convex surface of the air barrier device, so that the air residence time is prolonged, and the sufficient disinfection and sterilization time is reached.
4) Silence: when time delay is realized, a step progressive convex surface is adopted to generate a local small cyclone (or turbulent flow) effect, and the maximum silence is realized.
5) Safety: all ultraviolet rays and ozone ions generated by the ultraviolet rays are limited in the closed cavity of the device, and normal life and work of indoor personnel are not influenced.
6) Directionality: because of the coanda effect of the device, the air flow at the outlet of the device belongs to directional air flow, so the distance can be far transferred, and the purified air flow floats on the upper space and gradually moves downwards. The coanda effect causes the outlet air flow of the device to create a cyclone above the room, and the air below the room is discharged from the return air inlet of the air conditioning unit by the pressure of the cyclone.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic block diagram of an embodiment of the present invention, which is a sealed air filtration type high-efficiency ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization device
FIG. 2 is a schematic side view of an embodiment of the air-filtration type high-efficiency ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization apparatus according to the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic top view of an embodiment of the sealed air filtration type high-efficiency ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization device of the present invention.
In the figure, 1-shell, 2-ultraviolet germicidal lamp, 201-ballast, 202-lamp holder, 3-windbreak turbulence component, 4-coanda effect diversion generation component, 5-air supply outlet, 6-air outlet, 7-hinge and 8-sealing rubber.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms vertical, upper, lower, horizontal, etc. indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings only for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is also to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms set, mounted, connected are to be interpreted broadly, e.g. as a fixed connection, a detachable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
As shown in fig. 1-3The invention provides a closed air filtering type efficient ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization device, which comprises a shell 1, an ultraviolet germicidal lamp 2, a wind barrier turbulence component 3 and a coanda effect diversion generation component 4, wherein the shell 1 comprises a cavity forming a closed space, an air supply outlet 5 and an air outlet 6 communicated with the cavity, the ultraviolet germicidal lamp 2 is fixed at the bottom of the cavity, the wind barrier turbulence component 3 comprises a plurality of T-shaped wind barrier plates, and the heights of the T-shaped wind barrier plates are increased in a stepped manner along the air inlet-air outlet direction; the height of the T-shaped wind baffle is according to the formula x2=2py,p<And (4) calculating 0. The coanda effect flow guide generation assembly 4 is fixed at one end close to the air outlet 6; the dominant wavelengths of the ultraviolet germicidal lamp 2 are 253.7nm for destroying microorganism DNA structures and 184.9nm for generating ozone; the air generates cyclone in the cavity through the air barrier turbulence component 3 and the coanda effect flow guide generation component 4, and the cyclone generates cyclone through UVC/O3And the sterilized gas is output from the gas outlet 6.
The invention relates to an ultraviolet ray disinfection and sterilization device which can efficiently kill or reduce various microorganisms in indoor air, including various bacteria and spores thereof, viruses, fungi and spores thereof, rickettsia, mycoplasma and the like. After the process of preheating the lamp tube for 3-5 min, when the device works, the UVC ultraviolet germicidal lamp 2 emits lethal chemical rays (lambda is 253.7nm) which radiate out ultra-high dose sterilization and disinfection wave bands (UVC, lambda is 200 nm-280 nm), and ozone O is generated at the same time3(λ=184.9nm)。
The T-structure stepped progressive air barrier and the coanda effect (coanda effect) enable airflow at an air supply outlet of the air-conditioning equipment to generate primary cyclone (turbulent flow) → secondary cyclone (turbulent flow), so that the airflow of the air-conditioning equipment has enough buffering time, microorganisms and bacteria can receive lethal radiation of 4.63s Ultraviolet (UVC) and ozone (O) in a closed small-volume space3) The biochemical oxidation reaction of (1).
The flow velocity is the flow velocity of the fluid, when the flow velocity is very small, the fluid flows in layers and is not mixed with each other, and the laminar flow (laminar flow) is called; when the flow velocity is gradually increased or the air flow is affected by a wind barrier in the vertical direction, the flow lines of the fluid are no longer clearly identifiable, and a plurality of small eddies, called turbulence (turbulent flow, turbulent flow or turbulent flow), are formed in the flow field. This change is quantified by the Reynolds number (Reynolds number): where, v, ρ, μ: flow rate, density and viscosity coefficient of the fluid, d: a characteristic length. E.g., fluid flowing through a circular pipe, then d is the equivalent diameter of the pipe. The reynolds number can be used to distinguish whether the flow of the fluid is laminar or turbulent and can also be used to determine the resistance to flow of the object in the fluid. The main principle of the windbreak spoiler assembly 3 is as follows: after the wind barrier is arranged in the direction perpendicular to the incoming wind, the wind is blocked, the flowing speed of the air is reduced, small changes of the flow speed are easy to develop and strengthen, and a turbulent and irregular turbulent flow field is formed.
The air conditioner is delivered with a certain pressure P0And a propagation velocity v0Is directed perpendicular to the wind barrier. If no wind barrier exists, the airflow can directly reach the ground, and after reflection, cyclone is formed at the air return opening, so that the purposes of cold/heat and heat/cold exchange with indoor air are achieved; after the wind barrier is arranged, the edge of the wind barrier causes the transmission path of the airflow to deform and twist, the pressure of the airflow is reduced, and P is1<P0Thereby reducing the propagation velocity of the gas flow, v1<υ0. Moreover, due to the reflection action of the windbreak supports, a plurality of cyclones are formed on the ground between the windbreak and the ground, so that the airflow is disturbed.
At the tail end of the wind barrier of the device, the coanda effect is used for forcing the airflow to leave the original flow direction again, and the airflow tends to flow along the surface of the protrusion at the tail end of the wind barrier; when surface friction exists between the air flow of the air supply outlet of the air conditioning equipment and the tail end surface of the wind barrier of the device through which the air flow flows, the air flow of the air supply outlet of the air conditioning equipment can flow along the tail end surface of the wind barrier as long as the curvature is not large; according to Newton's third law, a body exerts a force on a fluid that deflects, and the fluid must also exert a force on the body that deflects in the opposite direction. Because of the coanda effect of the device, the air flow at the outlet of the device belongs to directional air flow, so the distance can be far transferred, and the purified air flow floats on the upper space and gradually moves downwards. The airflow directly reaches the ground and forms a cyclone at the air return opening after being reflected. The device can be prevented from repeatedly disinfecting the indoor air in a labor mode.
The air supply opening 5 comprises a plurality of parallel inclined air inlet holes, air enters one end far away from the air outlet 6 through the air inlet holes, the air outlet 6 comprises a plurality of parallel inclined air outlet holes, and the air flows to the outside from the air outlet holes from top to bottom. Specifically, the air supply outlet 5 is in butt joint with an air outlet of an air conditioner shutter, and the air outlet 6 is an air outlet of a sterilizer shutter.
The invention also comprises a quartz water pipe which can transmit ultraviolet rays, the quartz water pipe is fixed in the cavity, and the water inlet and the water outlet both penetrate through the shell 1. As long as a quartz water pipe which can transmit ultraviolet light is added in the device, the sterilization and disinfection of the circulating water can be completed while the air is purified and disinfected.
The device is a wall-mounted/ceiling-mounted or mobile structure. Relative to the wind source, the wall-mounted or ceiling-mounted air conditioner utilizes the wind sent by the air supply outlet of the air conditioner, and the object carries out closed air filtration type instant purification and disinfection on the air conditioner wind; the indoor air is formed into airflow in a movable mode, and the object performs airflow circulating type purification and disinfection on the indoor air. The shell 1 is fixed on a ceiling or a wall through a hinge 7 in a wall hanging type/ceiling hanging type, and sealing rubber 8 is arranged at the joint of the shell 1 and the ceiling or the wall. The mobile device needs a 20-30W electric power direct current vortex fan with 12-24 VDC, the installation direction of the structure is changed by changing the direction of an air outlet, and the principle structure is consistent with that of a wall-mounted type or a ceiling type.
The ultraviolet germicidal lamp 2 comprises a ballast 201 and a lamp holder 202 which are in a discrete structure, the ballast 201 supplies power to the lamp holder 202, and the ballast 201 and the lamp holder 202 are detachably fixed inside the shell 1, so that the lamp can be replaced conveniently and the lamp can be wiped regularly.
A closed air filtration type high-efficiency ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization method comprises the following steps:
step 1, processing a shell, wherein an air supply outlet and an air outlet are arranged on two adjacent side surfaces of the shell, and sealing components are fixed on the side edges of the air supply outlet and the air outlet; the housing (of a light aluminum alloy,) The edge is thickened to→ processing a sealing rubber strip embedded groove which is designed by a vacuum sealing technology, and sealing rubber strips (polytetrafluoroethylene, which can be O-shaped sealing rings).
Step 2, fixedly installing an ultraviolet germicidal lamp with main line wavelength of 253.7nm for destroying a microorganism DNA structure and 184.9nm for generating ozone in the side surface of the machine shell opposite to the air supply outlet; the ultraviolet germicidal lamp comprises a ballast and a lamp holder which are of a discrete structure, the ballast supplies power to the lamp holder, and the ballast and the lamp holder are detachably fixed inside the shell, so that the lamp can be conveniently replaced and periodically cleaned.
Step 3, fixedly mounting a wind barrier turbulence component and a coanda effect flow guide generation component on the same surface of the ultraviolet germicidal lamp, wherein the coanda effect flow guide generation component is close to the air outlet; the wind barrier turbulence assembly is made of light aluminum alloy,the wind barrier turbulence component is made of materials, the installation direction of the wind barrier turbulence component is vertical to the ultraviolet lamp tube, a notch for installing the ultraviolet lamp tube is reserved, and the wind barrier turbulence component shell is fixed by screws; the heights of the windbreak spoiler assembly and the coanda effect flow guide generation assembly are according to the formula x2=2py,p<And (4) calculating 0.
And 4, preheating the ultraviolet germicidal lamp for 3-5 min and then starting to work.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1) the novelty is as follows: ozone (O) generated by ultraviolet UVC radiation with antivirus and sterilizing effects3),UVC/O3The synergistic effect of the two drugs is used together.
2) High efficiency: in a closed small-volume space, ultra-high radiation dosage of ultraviolet rays in a sterilization waveband and the concentration of ozone generated by the ultraviolet rays can be gathered, so that most of known pathogenic microorganisms can be killed.
3) Time delay: the coanda effect principle is adopted to force the airflow to leave the original flowing direction for a plurality of times, and cyclone (or turbulent flow) is generated along with the progressive convex surface of the air barrier device, so that the air residence time is prolonged, and the sufficient disinfection and sterilization time is reached.
4) Silence: when time delay is realized, a step progressive convex surface is adopted to generate a local small cyclone (or turbulent flow) effect, and the maximum silence is realized.
5) Safety: all ultraviolet rays and ozone ions generated by the ultraviolet rays are limited in the closed cavity of the device, and normal life and work of indoor personnel are not influenced.
6) Directionality: because of the coanda effect of the device, the air flow at the outlet of the device belongs to directional air flow, so the distance can be far transferred, and the purified air flow floats on the upper space and gradually moves downwards. The coanda effect causes the outlet air flow of the device to create a cyclone above the room, and the air below the room is discharged from the return air inlet of the air conditioning unit by the pressure of the cyclone.
7) Expansibility: as long as a quartz water pipe which can transmit ultraviolet light is added in the device, the sterilization and disinfection of the circulating water can be completed while the air is purified and disinfected.
8) The high-voltage electrostatic sterilizing and/or dust collecting mechanism and the high-voltage electrostatic field can kill bacteria and viruses attached to dust instantly and completely. The sterilization mechanism is to destroy 4 polypeptide chains of bacterial capsid protein and to damage RNA. The electric dust collector is a way of sterilizing and disinfecting by absorbing fine particles while ensuring air volume, and the electric dust collector originally applies high voltage to two electrodes to charge passing dust when the two electrodes discharge. If the distance between the two electrodes of the air purifier is too close, electric sparks can be excited, and dust cannot be charged. Therefore, an appropriate distance is required between the electrodes, and the two electrodes do not generate sparks even when they are close to each other.
The present invention is not limited to the above preferred embodiments, and any modifications, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc. within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a high-efficient ultraviolet ray virus killing and sterilizing equipment of airtight air filtration formula which characterized in that: comprises a shell, an ultraviolet germicidal lamp, a wind barrier turbulence component and a coanda effect diversion generation component, wherein the shell comprises a cavity forming a closed spaceThe ultraviolet germicidal lamp is fixed at the bottom of the cavity, the wind barrier turbulence component comprises a plurality of T-shaped wind barrier plates, and the heights of the T-shaped wind barrier plates are increased in a stepped mode along the air inlet-air outlet direction; the coanda effect flow guide generation assembly is fixed at one end close to the air outlet; the dominant line wavelength of the ultraviolet germicidal lamp is 253.7nm for destroying microorganism DNA structures and 184.9nm for generating ozone; the air generates cyclone in the cavity through the wind barrier turbulence component and the coanda effect flow guide generation component and passes through UVC/O3And outputting from the air outlet after sterilization.
2. The sealed air-filtering high-efficiency ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the air supply opening comprises a plurality of parallel inclined air inlet holes, air enters one end far away from the air outlet through the air inlet holes, the air outlet comprises a plurality of parallel inclined air outlet holes, and the air flows to the outside from the air outlet holes from top to bottom.
3. The sealed air-filtering high-efficiency ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the height of the T-shaped wind baffle plate is according to a formula x2=2py,p<And (4) calculating 0.
4. The sealed air-filtering high-efficiency ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the water inlet and the water outlet penetrate through the shell.
5. The sealed air-filtering high-efficiency ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the device is a wall-mounted/ceiling-mounted or mobile structure.
6. The sealed air-filtering high-efficiency ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the ultraviolet germicidal lamp comprises a ballast and a lamp holder which are of a discrete structure, the ballast supplies power to the lamp holder, and the ballast and the lamp holder are detachably fixed inside the shell.
7. A closed air filtration type high-efficiency ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization method is characterized by comprising the following steps:
step 1, processing a shell, wherein an air supply outlet and an air outlet are arranged on two adjacent side surfaces of the shell, and sealing components are fixed on the side edges of the air supply outlet and the air outlet;
step 2, fixedly installing an ultraviolet germicidal lamp with main line wavelength of 253.7nm for destroying a microorganism DNA structure and 184.9nm for generating ozone in the side surface of the machine shell opposite to the air supply outlet;
step 3, fixedly mounting a wind barrier turbulence component and a coanda effect flow guide generation component on the same surface of the ultraviolet germicidal lamp, wherein the coanda effect flow guide generation component is close to the air outlet;
and 4, preheating the ultraviolet germicidal lamp for 3-5 min and then starting to work.
8. The method of claim 7, wherein the air-filtration type high-efficiency ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization method comprises the following steps: the heights of the windbreak spoiler assembly and the coanda effect flow guide generation assembly are according to the formula x2=2py,p<And (4) calculating 0.
CN202010272513.3A 2020-04-09 2020-04-09 Sealed air filtering type efficient ultraviolet disinfection and sterilization device and method Pending CN111486519A (en)

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