CN111365172A - 一种倾斜迎浪板点头式波浪能发电装置 - Google Patents

一种倾斜迎浪板点头式波浪能发电装置 Download PDF

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CN111365172A
CN111365172A CN202010340796.0A CN202010340796A CN111365172A CN 111365172 A CN111365172 A CN 111365172A CN 202010340796 A CN202010340796 A CN 202010340796A CN 111365172 A CN111365172 A CN 111365172A
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swing
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wave
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彭宝安
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Jingmen Chuangjia Machinery Technology Co Ltd
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/12Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy
    • F03B13/14Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy
    • F03B13/16Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy using the relative movement between a wave-operated member, i.e. a "wom" and another member, i.e. a reaction member or "rem"
    • F03B13/18Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy using the relative movement between a wave-operated member, i.e. a "wom" and another member, i.e. a reaction member or "rem" where the other member, i.e. rem is fixed, at least at one point, with respect to the sea bed or shore
    • F03B13/1805Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy using the relative movement between a wave-operated member, i.e. a "wom" and another member, i.e. a reaction member or "rem" where the other member, i.e. rem is fixed, at least at one point, with respect to the sea bed or shore and the wom is hinged to the rem
    • F03B13/181Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy using the relative movement between a wave-operated member, i.e. a "wom" and another member, i.e. a reaction member or "rem" where the other member, i.e. rem is fixed, at least at one point, with respect to the sea bed or shore and the wom is hinged to the rem for limited rotation
    • F03B13/182Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy using the relative movement between a wave-operated member, i.e. a "wom" and another member, i.e. a reaction member or "rem" where the other member, i.e. rem is fixed, at least at one point, with respect to the sea bed or shore and the wom is hinged to the rem for limited rotation with a to-and-fro movement
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B15/00Controlling
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H37/00Combinations of mechanical gearings, not provided for in groups F16H1/00 - F16H35/00
    • F16H37/12Gearings comprising primarily toothed or friction gearing, links or levers, and cams, or members of at least two of these types
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H7/00Gearings for conveying rotary motion by endless flexible members
    • F16H7/08Means for varying tension of belts, ropes, or chains
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K7/00Arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with dynamo-electric machines, e.g. structural association with mechanical driving motors or auxiliary dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K7/10Structural association with clutches, brakes, gears, pulleys or mechanical starters
    • H02K7/1004Structural association with clutches, brakes, gears, pulleys or mechanical starters with pulleys
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K7/00Arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with dynamo-electric machines, e.g. structural association with mechanical driving motors or auxiliary dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K7/18Structural association of electric generators with mechanical driving motors, e.g. with turbines
    • H02K7/1807Rotary generators
    • H02K7/1853Rotary generators driven by intermittent forces
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H7/00Gearings for conveying rotary motion by endless flexible members
    • F16H7/08Means for varying tension of belts, ropes, or chains
    • F16H2007/0802Actuators for final output members
    • F16H2007/0823Electric actuators
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/30Energy from the sea, e.g. using wave energy or salinity gradient

Abstract

本发明公开了一种倾斜迎浪板点头式波浪能发电装置,用于海洋波浪能发电;它主要包括摆板、摇摆头、浮箱、倾斜迎浪板、泄水孔、压力传感器;其工作原理是:海浪从左侧冲击摆板,摆板顺时针转动并带动钢丝绳向下运动,钢丝绳带动摇摆头、摇梁反时针旋转,摇梁通过门形连杆及摇杆带动变速箱的中心轴顺时针旋转,变速箱变速后通过主动轮、皮带带动发电机组的从动轮旋转从而带动发电机组的转子旋转,当扇形平衡块旋转至下端时,摆板的上端旋转至最低点并处于水平状态,扇形平衡块由于惯性作用继续顺时针旋转并通过摇摆头带动钢丝绳向上运动拉动摆板复位,当海浪再次从左侧冲击摆板后,摆板按上述工作原理带动发电机组的转子旋转发出稳定的电量。

Description

一种倾斜迎浪板点头式波浪能发电装置
技术领域
本发明主要用于海洋波浪能发电。
背景技术
目前已使用的或者已经申请的海洋波浪能发电装置仅仅适用于小型发电设备,不能用于大规模发电。
发明内容
本发明可以大规模发电且发出的电量平稳,可以直接与国家电网并网;它主要包括摆板(1)、固定轴(2)、钢丝绳(3)、摇摆头(4)、摇梁(5)、发电机组(6)、门形连杆(7)、变速箱(8)、摇杆(9)、机架(13)、扇形平衡块(14)、皮带轮张紧器(18)、浮箱(20)、倾斜迎浪板(21)、泄水孔(22)、压力传感器(19)及控制器;摆板(1)的上端固定有倾斜迎浪板(21),倾斜迎浪板(21)向海浪方向倾斜,倾斜迎浪板(21)的下端开有泄水孔(22),泄水孔(22)由电控装置控制其开合,摆板(1)的迎浪面安装有压力传感器(19),摆板(1)的下端绕固定轴(2)转动,固定轴(2)与浮箱(20)固定,浮箱(20)通过锚链固定在海平面上,摆板(1)的上端固定有销轴(12),钢丝绳(3)套在销轴(12)上,钢丝绳(3)的两端与摇摆头(4)的右上端固定,摇摆头(4)的左部是弧线面,右部是平面,钢丝绳(3)置于摇摆头(4)的弧线面上,摇梁(5)的左端与摇摆头(4)的右部平面固定且相互垂直,摇梁(5)的右端与门形连杆(7)的左端中间铰接,门形连杆(7)的右端与摇杆(9)的铰接点(10)铰接,摇杆(9)的另一端与变速箱(8)的中心轴(11)固定,扇形平衡块(14)与中心轴(11)固定,变速箱(8)的主动轮(15)通过皮带(16)与发电机组(6)的从动轮(17)连接,机架(13)的上端与摇梁(5)的下端铰接,皮带轮张紧器(18)在通电状态时,皮带轮张紧器(18)的转轮紧贴皮带(16),皮带轮张紧器(18)在断电状态时,皮带轮张紧器(18)的转轮与皮带(16)松开;所述波浪能发电装置的工作原理是:海浪从左侧冲击摆板(1),摆板(1)上的压力传感器(19)感受到海浪的压力,压力传感器(19)将信号传输给控制器,控制器指令泄水孔(22)闭合,同时控制器指令皮带轮张紧器(18)通电,皮带轮张紧器(18)的转轮紧贴皮带(16),摆板(1)绕固定轴(2)顺时针转动,并通过销轴(12)带动钢丝绳(3)向下运动,钢丝绳(3)带动摇摆头(4)、摇梁(5)反时针旋转,摇梁(5)通过门形连杆(7)及摇杆(9)带动变速箱(8)的中心轴(11)顺时针旋转,中心轴(11)带动扇形平衡块(14)顺时针旋转,同时变速箱(8)变速后通过主动轮(15)、皮带(16)带动发电机组(6)的从动轮(17)旋转,从动轮(17)带动发电机组(6)的转子旋转,当扇形平衡块(14)旋转至下端时,摆板(1)的上端旋转至最低点并处于水平状态,由于海浪的冲击力大大减弱,压力传感器(19)感受不到海浪的压力,压力传感器(19)将信号传输给控制器,控制器指令泄水孔(22)打开,残存在摆板(1)上的海水从泄水孔(22)流出,同时控制器指令皮带轮张紧器(18)断电,皮带轮张紧器(18)的转轮离开皮带(16)使主动轮(15)空转,发电机组(6)的从动轮(17)及转子自由旋转,扇形平衡块(14)由于惯性作用继续顺时针旋转并通过中心轴(11)、摇杆(9)、门形连杆(7)带动摇梁(5)及摇摆头(4)顺时针旋转,摇摆头(4)带动钢丝绳(3)向上运动,钢丝绳(3)向上拉动摆板(1)复位并处于垂直状态,当海浪再次从左侧冲击摆板(1)后,摆板(1)按上述工作原理继续带动发电机组(6)的转子旋转发出稳定的电量。
附图说明
附图标记说明:1-摆板,2-固定轴,3-钢丝绳,4-摇摆头,5-摇梁,6-发电机组,7-门形连杆,8-变速箱,9-摇杆,10-铰接点,11-中心轴,12-销轴,13-机架,14-扇形平衡块,15-主动轮,16-皮带,17-从动轮,18-皮带轮张紧器,19-压力传感器,20-浮箱,21-倾斜迎浪板,22-泄水孔。
图1是本发明的立面示意图。
图2是本发明的平面示意图。
图3是摆板1处于水平状态的立面示意图。
图4是摆板1的大样图。
具体实施方式
参见图1、2、3、4,海浪从左侧冲击摆板1,摆板1上的压力传感器19感受到海浪的压力,压力传感器19将信号传输给控制器,控制器指令泄水孔22闭合,同时控制器指令皮带轮张紧器18通电,皮带轮张紧器18的转轮紧贴皮带16,摆板1绕固定轴2顺时针转动,并通过销轴12带动钢丝绳3向下运动,钢丝绳3带动摇摆头4、摇梁5反时针旋转,摇梁5通过门形连杆7及摇杆9带动变速箱8的中心轴11顺时针旋转,中心轴11带动扇形平衡块14顺时针旋转,同时变速箱8变速后通过主动轮15、皮带16带动发电机组6的从动轮17旋转,从动轮17带动发电机组6的转子旋转,当扇形平衡块14旋转至下端时,摆板1的上端旋转至最低点并处于水平状态,由于海浪的冲击力大大减弱,压力传感器19感受不到海浪的压力,压力传感器19将信号传输给控制器,控制器指令泄水孔22打开,残存在摆板1上的海水从泄水孔22流出,同时控制器指令皮带轮张紧器18断电,皮带轮张紧器18的转轮离开皮带16使主动轮15空转,发电机组6的从动轮17及转子自由旋转,扇形平衡块14由于惯性作用继续顺时针旋转并通过中心轴11、摇杆9、门形连杆7带动摇梁5及摇摆头4顺时针旋转,摇摆头4带动钢丝绳3向上运动,钢丝绳3向上拉动摆板1复位并处于垂直状态,当海浪再次从左侧冲击摆板1后,摆板1按上述工作原理继续带动发电机组6的转子旋转发出稳定的电量。
需说明:参见图2,门形连杆7的上下杆、一对摇杆9、一对扇形平衡块14分别对称布置在变速箱8的中心轴11的两侧并带动中心轴11旋转;扇形平衡块14的作用是平衡摇摆头4的重量;倾斜迎浪板19的作用是尽可能多地获得海浪。

Claims (1)

1.一种倾斜迎浪板点头式波浪能发电装置,其特征是:它主要包括摆板(1)、固定轴(2)、钢丝绳(3)、摇摆头(4)、摇梁(5)、发电机组(6)、门形连杆(7)、变速箱(8)、摇杆(9)、机架(13)、扇形平衡块(14)、皮带轮张紧器(18)、浮箱(20)、倾斜迎浪板(21)、泄水孔(22)、压力传感器(19)及控制器;摆板(1)的上端固定有倾斜迎浪板(21),倾斜迎浪板(21)向海浪方向倾斜,倾斜迎浪板(21)的下端开有泄水孔(22),泄水孔(22)由电控装置控制其开合,摆板(1)的迎浪面安装有压力传感器(19),摆板(1)的下端绕固定轴(2)转动,固定轴(2)与浮箱(20)固定,浮箱(20)通过锚链固定在海平面上,摆板(1)的上端固定有销轴(12),钢丝绳(3)套在销轴(12)上,钢丝绳(3)的两端与摇摆头(4)的右上端固定,摇摆头(4)的左部是弧线面,右部是平面,钢丝绳(3)置于摇摆头(4)的弧线面上,摇梁(5)的左端与摇摆头(4)的右部平面固定且相互垂直,摇梁(5)的右端与门形连杆(7)的左端中间铰接,门形连杆(7)的右端与摇杆(9)的铰接点(10)铰接,摇杆(9)的另一端与变速箱(8)的中心轴(11)固定,扇形平衡块(14)与中心轴(11)固定,变速箱(8)的主动轮(15)通过皮带(16)与发电机组(6)的从动轮(17)连接,机架(13)的上端与摇梁(5)的下端铰接,皮带轮张紧器(18)在通电状态时,皮带轮张紧器(18)的转轮紧贴皮带(16),皮带轮张紧器(18)在断电状态时,皮带轮张紧器(18)的转轮与皮带(16)松开;所述波浪能发电装置的工作原理是:海浪从左侧冲击摆板(1),摆板(1)上的压力传感器(19)感受到海浪的压力,压力传感器(19)将信号传输给控制器,控制器指令泄水孔(22)闭合,同时控制器指令皮带轮张紧器(18)通电,皮带轮张紧器(18)的转轮紧贴皮带(16),摆板(1)绕固定轴(2)顺时针转动,并通过销轴(12)带动钢丝绳(3)向下运动,钢丝绳(3)带动摇摆头(4)、摇梁(5)反时针旋转,摇梁(5)通过门形连杆(7)及摇杆(9)带动变速箱(8)的中心轴(11)顺时针旋转,中心轴(11)带动扇形平衡块(14)顺时针旋转,同时变速箱(8)变速后通过主动轮(15)、皮带(16)带动发电机组(6)的从动轮(17)旋转,从动轮(17)带动发电机组(6)的转子旋转,当扇形平衡块(14)旋转至下端时,摆板(1)的上端旋转至最低点并处于水平状态,由于海浪的冲击力大大减弱,压力传感器(19)感受不到海浪的压力,压力传感器(19)将信号传输给控制器,控制器指令泄水孔(22)打开,残存在摆板(1)上的海水从泄水孔(22)流出,同时控制器指令皮带轮张紧器(18)断电,皮带轮张紧器(18)的转轮离开皮带(16)使主动轮(15)空转,发电机组(6)的从动轮(17)及转子自由旋转,扇形平衡块(14)由于惯性作用继续顺时针旋转并通过中心轴(11)、摇杆(9)、门形连杆(7)带动摇梁(5)及摇摆头(4)顺时针旋转,摇摆头(4)带动钢丝绳(3)向上运动,钢丝绳(3)向上拉动摆板(1)复位并处于垂直状态,当海浪再次从左侧冲击摆板(1)后,摆板(1)按上述工作原理继续带动发电机组(6)的转子旋转发出稳定的电量。
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