CN111318162A - Belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system and method - Google Patents

Belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111318162A
CN111318162A CN202010123402.6A CN202010123402A CN111318162A CN 111318162 A CN111318162 A CN 111318162A CN 202010123402 A CN202010123402 A CN 202010123402A CN 111318162 A CN111318162 A CN 111318162A
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section
flue gas
active coke
roasting
denitration
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朱廷钰
刘霄龙
刘法高
邹洋
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Institute of Process Engineering of CAS
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/86Catalytic processes
    • B01D53/8621Removing nitrogen compounds
    • B01D53/8625Nitrogen oxides
    • B01D53/8631Processes characterised by a specific device
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of methods or devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/86Catalytic processes
    • B01D53/90Injecting reactants
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27DDETAILS OR ACCESSORIES OF FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS, IN SO FAR AS THEY ARE OF KINDS OCCURRING IN MORE THAN ONE KIND OF FURNACE
    • F27D17/00Arrangements for using waste heat; Arrangements for using, or disposing of, waste gases
    • F27D17/008Arrangements for using waste heat; Arrangements for using, or disposing of, waste gases cleaning gases
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27DDETAILS OR ACCESSORIES OF FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS, IN SO FAR AS THEY ARE OF KINDS OCCURRING IN MORE THAN ONE KIND OF FURNACE
    • F27D99/00Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • F27D99/0001Heating elements or systems
    • F27D99/0033Heating elements or systems using burners
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/02Other waste gases
    • B01D2258/0283Flue gases
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/02Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of industrial waste gas treatment, and provides a belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system and a method. The system is combinedThe gas flow channel is arranged, and the coke oven gas is used as fuel, so that the purpose of roasting pellets is achieved, and the fuel cost is reduced; can also obviously reduce NO in the discharged flue gasxThe concentration and the concentration of oxysulfide have high dust removal efficiency, the iron-containing dust is recycled, and the smoke pollutants can meet the requirement of ultralow emission; and the active coke unit can utilize unreacted ammonia gas in SCR denitration to be combined with the active coke to cooperatively perform denitration and desulfurization treatment, and meanwhile, the ammonia escape phenomenon is avoided.

Description

Belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system and method
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of waste gas treatment, relates to a flue gas denitration and desulfurization system and a flue gas denitration and desulfurization method, and particularly relates to a belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system and a belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization method.
Background
Sintered ore is an irregularly shaped porous lump ore and requires the addition of fuel to the batch. The pellet is a ball with a regular shape, has small and uniform granularity, and is beneficial to improving the air permeability of a blast furnace charge column and uniformly distributing air flow; the cold strength (compression resistance and abrasion resistance) is high, the transportation, loading, unloading and storage are convenient, and the powder is less; the high iron content and the large bulk density of the pellets are beneficial to increasing the effective weight of the blast furnace material column, improving the yield and reducing the coke ratio; the pellet ore has good reducibility.
The pellet production process mainly comprises three processes, namely a vertical furnace process, a grate-rotary kiln process and a belt type roasting machine process, and the three pellet production processes have respective characteristics.
The temperature in the shaft furnace is difficult to control, the single furnace yield is small, the adaptability to raw materials is poor, the pellet quality is easy to fluctuate, and the requirements of modern blast furnaces on clinker cannot be met, so that the application and development are limited; in the roasting process of the pellets by the grate-rotary kiln, if the green pellets are poor in quality, not good enough in preheating strength, much in powder or improper in-kiln temperature control, the ring formation phenomenon is easy to generate, is more prominent when the fluxed pellets are roasted, and is difficult to maintain; the belt type roasting machine has the advantages of centralized equipment, convenient operation, maintenance and management, short roasting period, easy regulation of roasting temperature, strong adaptability to raw materials, good quality of produced pellets and uniform granularity, and is suitable for large-scale pellet factories.
In the pellet production process, pellet roasting flue gas NOxThe emission intensity is high, CN 108404660A discloses an SCR denitration method in the production process of iron ore oxidized pellets, the method carries out ammonia spraying SCR denitration in the air draft drying section of pellet production,the method comprises the steps of segmenting an air draft drying section and a preheating section, dividing the air draft drying section and the preheating section into an air draft drying front section and an air draft drying rear section by taking the average water content of pellet ore in a material layer as a limit, dividing the preheating section into a high-sulfur flue gas and a low-sulfur flue gas, guiding the low-sulfur flue gas into the air draft drying rear section, and controlling SO in a smoke hood of the air draft drying rear section2Is less than 600mg/m3NH is sprayed into the smoke hood at the rear section of the air draft drying3NH is controlled according to the ratio of magnetite to hematite in the pellet raw material3Ratio of/NO to realize NOxThe emission reduction is reduced by 20-40%, but the method does not fully utilize the heat of the flue gas, and only treats the flue gas in the air draft drying section.
CN 108355488A discloses a waste gas circulation denitration method of iron ore pellets, which is to carry out NO generation on the iron ore pellets in the production process of the iron ore pelletsxCirculating the flue gas to a medium-low temperature cooling section, and spraying ammonia for denitration in the medium-low temperature cooling section, wherein the specific method comprises the steps of exhausting the exhaust gas of a drying section and preheating a temperature rising section SO2The concentration is more than 300mg/m3The high-sulfur flue gas is converged, sequentially subjected to dust removal, desulfurization purification and desulfurization to 50mg/m3Then it is mixed with preheating temperature raising section SO2The concentration is lower than 300mg/m3The front section waste gas is combined and circulated to the medium-low temperature cooling section to be used as a cooling medium. However, this method can only realize NO x15 to 25 percent of the content of the sulfur, the sulfur and the nitrogen are reduced, and the desulfurization and the denitrification efficiency are poor.
The more mature flue gas desulfurization technologies mainly comprise wet method, dry method and semi-dry method flue gas desulfurization technologies. The wet desulphurization process system is complex, large in equipment, large in water consumption, high in one-time investment and generally suitable for large-scale power plants; the utilization rate of the absorbent in the dry desulfurization process is low, the desulfurization efficiency is low, the fly ash is mixed with the desulfurization product, the comprehensive utilization of the by-product is seriously influenced, and the requirement on the automatic control of the drying process is very high; the semi-dry desulfurization process has the advantages of low investment, low operating cost, low corrosivity, small occupied area, reliable process and good development prospect.
Therefore, in response to the deficiencies of the prior art, the NO produced by the straight grate must be treated in a suitable mannerXSulfur oxides and particulate matter.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system and a method.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
in a first aspect, the invention provides a belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system, which comprises a belt type roasting unit, an SCR denitration device, an active coke unit and a dust removal unit.
The dust removal unit comprises a first dust removal device, a second dust removal device, a third dust removal device and a fourth dust removal device.
The belt type roasting unit comprises a belt type roasting machine and a matched gas conveying device, wherein the belt type roasting machine comprises a blast drying section, an air draft drying section, a preheating section, a roasting section, a soaking section, a first cooling section and a second cooling section which are connected in sequence.
The gas conveying device conveys external cold sources to a cold section and a second cold section respectively and independently.
And hot waste gas of the second cooling section flows through the blast drying section and the first dust removal device in sequence and is discharged outside through a chimney.
The hot waste gas of the first cooling section respectively and independently flows into the preheating section, the roasting section and the soaking section; the mixed flue gas generated in the roasting section and the soaking section flows into the air draft drying section after sequentially flowing through the second dust removal device and the SCR denitration device.
And mixed flue gas generated in the air draft drying section and the preheating section sequentially flows through the third dust removal device, the active coke unit and the fourth dust removal device and is discharged outside through a chimney.
According to the invention, the second dust removal device is arranged in front of the SCR denitration device, and the second dust removal device is used for collecting the iron-containing dust, so that the iron-containing dust can be recycled to the belt type roasting machine for recycling.
In the pellet production process of the belt type roasting machine, the temperature of the flue gas before entering the air draft drying section is usually 300-400 ℃, and the temperature window of the SCR reaction is met, so that the SCR denitration device is arranged at the working section, and the effective removal of the nitrogen oxides in the pellet roasting flue gas can be realized.
The flue gas after SCR denitration treatment flows into the air draft drying section, and the mixed flue gas generated by the air draft drying section and the preheating section sequentially passes through dust removal, activated coke adsorption denitration desulfurization and dust removal again, so that the emission standard is met.
The belt type pellet roasting flue gas denitration and desulfurization system provided by the invention can effectively reduce the concentration of nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides and particulate matters in the discharged flue gas according to the characteristics of each section of flue gas of a belt type roasting machine, and obviously improve the treatment effect of the flue gas.
The matched gas conveying device comprises but is not limited to a blower and/or an induced draft fan, and the type and the installation position of the gas conveying device can be reasonably selected by a person skilled in the art according to the flow direction of gas. The external cold source is a gas with a relatively low temperature, preferably air.
Preferably, the fuel used by the straight grate is coke oven gas.
The invention relates to a belt type roasting machine which needs to use coal gas and/or heavy oil with high calorific value as fuel.
Preferably, the coke oven gas is sprayed into the belt type roasting machine through a coke oven gas burner with an automatic adjusting device so as to adjust the roasting temperature of each section.
Preferably, the first dust removing means comprises any one of or a combination of at least two of an electrostatic precipitator, a cyclone precipitator or a bag precipitator, typical but non-limiting combinations include a combination of an electrostatic precipitator and a cyclone precipitator, a combination of a cyclone precipitator and a bag precipitator, a combination of an electrostatic precipitator and a bag precipitator or a combination of an electrostatic precipitator, a cyclone precipitator and a bag precipitator, preferably an electrostatic precipitator.
Preferably, the second dust removing means comprises any one of or a combination of at least two of an electrostatic precipitator, a cyclone precipitator or a bag precipitator, typical but non-limiting combinations include a combination of an electrostatic precipitator and a cyclone precipitator, a combination of a cyclone precipitator and a bag precipitator, a combination of an electrostatic precipitator and a bag precipitator or a combination of an electrostatic precipitator, a cyclone precipitator and a bag precipitator, preferably a cyclone precipitator.
The iron-containing dust collected by the second dust removal unit can be returned to the straight grate type roasting machine for cyclic utilization, so that the external discharge of the dust is reduced.
Preferably, the third dust removing means comprises any one of or a combination of at least two of an electrostatic precipitator, a cyclone precipitator or a bag precipitator, typical but non-limiting combinations include a combination of an electrostatic precipitator and a cyclone precipitator, a combination of a cyclone precipitator and a bag precipitator, a combination of an electrostatic precipitator and a bag precipitator or a combination of an electrostatic precipitator, a cyclone precipitator and a bag precipitator, preferably an electrostatic precipitator.
Preferably, the fourth dust removing means comprises any one of or a combination of at least two of an electrostatic precipitator, a cyclone precipitator or a bag precipitator, typical but non-limiting combinations include a combination of an electrostatic precipitator and a cyclone precipitator, a combination of a cyclone precipitator and a bag precipitator, a combination of an electrostatic precipitator and a bag precipitator or a combination of an electrostatic precipitator, a cyclone precipitator and a bag precipitator, preferably a bag precipitator.
Preferably, the active coke unit comprises an active coke reaction tower and an active coke regeneration tower, and the mixed flue gas generated by the air draft drying section and the preheating section sequentially flows through the third dust removal device, the active coke reaction tower and the fourth dust removal device and is discharged outside through a chimney.
The active coke reaction tower and the active coke regeneration tower are both devices commonly used in the field, and the parameters of the active coke reaction tower and the active coke regeneration tower are not specifically limited in the invention.
The active coke is used for adsorption desulfurization to adsorb SO in the flue gas2Under the condition of oxygen and water vapor in flue, the oxysulfide is converted into sulfuric acid and adsorbed in active coke pores. The active coke after the saturation is absorbed is conveyed to an active coke regeneration tower from an active coke reaction tower, and SO is desorbed under the heating condition2Release of SO2The mixed gas with the volume fraction exceeding 20 percent enables the active coke to recover the adsorption performance, so that the desorbed active coke can be reused for adsorbing sulfur dioxide; and desorb the generated SO2The mixed gas with the volume fraction exceeding 20 percent can be used for producing sulfur-containing chemical products such as sulfuric acid and the like. In addition, the invention enables unreacted NH in the SCR denitration treatment process to be generated by arranging the active coke unit3And the active coke is combined with the active coke in the active coke unit to cooperatively perform denitration and desulfurization, and meanwhile, the ammonia escape phenomenon is avoided.
In a second aspect, the invention provides a method for carrying out denitration and desulfurization on belt-type pellet roasting flue gas by using the belt-type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system in the first aspect, and the method comprises the following steps:
(1) carrying out dust removal treatment on the hot waste gas flowing through the second cooling section of the blast drying section, and discharging the hot waste gas through a chimney;
(2) the mixed flue gas generated in the roasting section and the soaking section is subjected to dust removal treatment and SCR denitration treatment in sequence, and the flue gas subjected to denitration treatment flows into an air draft drying section; the mixed flue gas generated in the air draft drying section and the preheating section is subjected to dust removal treatment, active coke denitration and desulfurization treatment and dust removal treatment in sequence, and then is discharged;
the step (1) and the step (2) are not in sequence.
Preferably, the iron-containing dust collected in the dust removal treatment in the step (2) is recycled to the belt type roasting machine for reuse.
Preferably, the SCR denitration treatment of the step (2) is NH3Carrying out SCR denitration treatment, NH3With NO in the mixed flue gas generated in the roasting and soaking sectionsxThe molar ratio of (0.8-1.5):1, for example, may be 0.8:1, 0.9:1, 1:1, 1.1:1, 1.2:1, 1.3:1, 1.4:1 or 1.5:1, but is not limited to the values listed, and other values not listed in this range of values are equally applicable, preferably (0.9-1.1): 1.
Preferably, the NH is3The source of (a) includes any one or combination of at least two of aqueous ammonia, urea or liquid ammonia, typical but non-limiting combinations include combinations of aqueous ammonia and urea, urea and liquid ammonia, combinations of aqueous ammonia and liquid ammonia or combinations of aqueous ammonia, urea and liquid ammonia.
The denitration and desulfurization treatment of the active coke is to adsorb SO in flue gas by using the active coke2In the presence of oxygen and water vapor in flue2Oxidized into sulfuric acid and adsorbed in the pores of the activated coke; meanwhile, the active coke and the residual NH after SCR denitration treatment3Denitration is carried out cooperatively, and the phenomenon of ammonia escape is avoided.
Preferably, the method further comprises the step of desorbing the adsorption saturated activated coke generated after the activated coke denitration and desulfurization treatment and recycling the adsorbed saturated activated coke to the activated coke denitration and desulfurization treatment.
The active coke with saturated adsorption is conveyed to an active coke regeneration tower from an active coke reaction tower and is desorbed in the active coke regeneration tower to release SO2The mixed gas with the volume fraction of more than 20 percent recovers the adsorption performance of the active coke and can be conveyed into the active coke reaction tower for recycling.
As a preferable technical solution of the method according to the second aspect of the present invention, the method comprises the steps of:
(1) carrying out dust removal treatment on the hot waste gas flowing through the second cooling section of the blast drying section, and discharging the hot waste gas through a chimney;
(2) the mixed flue gas generated in the roasting section and the soaking section is subjected to dust removal treatment and SCR denitration treatment in sequence, and the denitrated flue gas flows into an air draft drying section; the mixed flue gas generated in the air draft drying section and the preheating section is subjected to dust removal treatment, active coke denitration and desulfurization treatment and dust removal treatment in sequence and is discharged out through a chimney; desorbing the adsorbed saturated active coke generated after the denitration and desulfurization treatment of the active coke and recycling the desorbed active coke to the active coke reaction tower;
the step (1) and the step (2) are not in sequence;
the SCR denitration treatment of the step (2) is to use NH3Carrying out SCR denitration treatment, NH3With NO in the mixed flue gas generated in the roasting and soaking sectionsxThe molar ratio of (0.8-1.5) to (1).
Further preferably, the iron-containing dust collected in the dust removal treatment in the step (2) is recycled to the belt roasting machine for reuse.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
(1) the belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system is reasonably provided with the gas flow channel, and the nitrogen oxides, the sulfur oxides and the particulate matters in the flue gas are treated according to the characteristics of each section of the flue gas, so that the heat of the flue gas is effectively utilized;
(2) the invention reasonably arranges the gas flow channel, and the system takes the coke oven gas as the fuel, thereby achieving the purpose of roasting pellets and reducing the fuel cost;
(3) the belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system can obviously reduce NO in discharged flue gasxAnd the concentration of oxysulfide, the dust collection efficiency is high, and the iron-containing dust can be recycled, so that the pollutants can meet the requirement of ultralow emission;
(4) the active coke unit can utilize unreacted ammonia gas in SCR denitration to be combined with the active coke to cooperatively perform denitration and desulfurization treatment, and simultaneously avoids the phenomenon of ammonia escape.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a belt-type pellet-roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system provided by the invention.
Wherein: 1, a forced air drying section; 2, an air draft drying section; 3, a preheating section; 4, a roasting section; 5, a soaking section; 6, a cold section; 7, a second cooling section; 8, a first dust removal device; 9, a second dust removal device; 10, an SCR denitration device; 11, a third dust removal device; 12, an active coke reaction tower; 13, an active coke regeneration tower; 14, a fourth dust removal device; and 15, a chimney.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present invention is further explained by the following embodiments. It should be understood by those skilled in the art that the examples are only for the understanding of the present invention and should not be construed as the specific limitations of the present invention.
The invention provides a belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system, which has a structural schematic diagram shown in figure 1 and comprises a belt type roasting unit, an SCR denitration device 10, an active coke unit and a dust removal unit.
The dust removing unit comprises a first dust removing device 8, a second dust removing device 9, a third dust removing device 11 and a fourth dust removing device 14.
The belt roasting unit comprises a belt roasting machine and a matched gas conveying device, wherein the belt roasting machine comprises a blast drying section 1, an air draft drying section 2, a preheating section 3, a roasting section 4, a soaking section 5, a first cooling section 6 and a second cooling section 7 which are sequentially arranged.
The gas conveying device respectively and independently conveys external cold sources to the first cold section 6 and the second cold section 7; hot waste gas of the second cooling section 7 sequentially flows through the blast drying section 1 and the first dust removal device 8 and is discharged outside through a chimney 15; the hot waste gas of the first cooling section 6 respectively and independently flows into the preheating section 3, the roasting section 4 and the soaking section 5; the mixed flue gas generated by the roasting section 4 and the soaking section 5 flows into the air draft drying section 2 after sequentially flowing through the second dust removal device 9 and the SCR denitration device 10.
The active coke unit comprises an active coke reaction tower 12 and an active coke regeneration tower 13; the mixed flue gas generated by the air draft drying section 2 and the preheating section 3 flows through the third dust removal device 11, the active coke reaction tower 12 and the fourth dust removal device 14 in sequence and is discharged outside through the chimney 15. The active coke saturated in the active coke reaction tower 12 is desorbed and regenerated in the active coke regeneration tower 13, and the regenerated active coke is conveyed to the active coke reaction tower 12 from the active coke regeneration tower 13 and is used for adsorption denitration and desulfurization.
Further, the first dust removing device 8 comprises any one of an electrostatic dust remover, a cyclone dust remover or a bag type dust remover or a combination of at least two of the electrostatic dust remover, preferably the electrostatic dust remover.
Further, the second dust removing device 9 comprises any one of an electrostatic dust remover, a cyclone dust remover or a bag type dust remover or a combination of at least two of the electrostatic dust remover, the cyclone dust remover and the bag type dust remover.
Further, the third dust removing device 11 comprises any one or a combination of at least two of an electrostatic dust remover, a cyclone dust remover and a bag type dust remover, and is preferably an electrostatic dust remover.
Further, the fourth dust removing device 14 comprises any one of an electrostatic dust remover, a cyclone dust remover or a bag type dust remover or a combination of at least two of the electrostatic dust remover, the cyclone dust remover and the bag type dust remover, and is preferably a bag type dust remover.
The matched gas conveying device comprises but not limited to a blower and/or an induced draft fan, and the type and the installation position of the gas conveying device can be reasonably selected by a person skilled in the art according to the flow direction of gas. The external cold source is a gas with a relatively low temperature, preferably air.
The belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system uses coke oven gas as fuel, and the coke oven gas is sprayed into the belt type roasting machine through a coke oven gas burner with an automatic adjusting device so as to adjust the roasting temperature of each section.
Example 1
The embodiment provides an optimal technical scheme of the belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system, which comprises a belt type roasting unit, an SCR denitration device 10, an active coke unit, a dust removal unit and a chimney 15.
The dust removing unit comprises a first dust removing device 8, a second dust removing device 9, a third dust removing device 11 and a fourth dust removing device 14.
The belt roasting unit comprises a belt roasting machine and a matched gas conveying device, wherein the belt roasting machine comprises a blast drying section 1, an air draft drying section 2, a preheating section 3, a roasting section 4, a soaking section 5, a first cooling section 6 and a second cooling section 7 which are sequentially arranged.
The gas conveying device respectively and independently conveys external cold sources to the first cold section 6 and the second cold section 7; hot waste gas of the second cooling section 7 flows through the blast drying section 1 and the first dust removal device 8 in sequence and then flows into a chimney 15 to be discharged; the hot waste gas of the first cooling section 6 respectively and independently flows into the preheating section 3, the roasting section 4 and the soaking section 5; the flue gas generated by the roasting section 4 and the soaking section 5 flows into the air draft drying section 2 after sequentially flowing through the second dust removal device 9 and the SCR denitration device 10.
The active coke unit comprises an active coke reaction tower 12 and an active coke regeneration tower 13; the mixed flue gas generated by the air draft drying section 2 and the preheating section 3 sequentially flows through the third dust removal device 11, the active coke reaction tower 12 and the fourth dust removal device 14, and then flows into a chimney 15 to be discharged outside. The active coke saturated in the active coke reaction tower 12 is desorbed and regenerated in the active coke regeneration tower 13, and the regenerated active coke is conveyed to the active coke reaction tower 12 from the active coke regeneration tower 13 and is used for adsorption denitration and desulfurization.
The first dust removal device 8 is an electrostatic dust remover; the second dust removal device 9 is a cyclone dust collector; the third dust removal device 11 is an electrostatic dust remover; the fourth dust removing device 14 is a bag type dust remover.
The matched gas conveying device comprises but not limited to a blower and/or an induced draft fan, and the type and the installation position of the gas conveying device can be reasonably selected by a person skilled in the art according to the flow direction of gas. The external cold source is a gas with a relatively low temperature, preferably air.
The belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system uses coke oven gas as fuel, and the coke oven gas is sprayed into the belt type roasting machine through a coke oven gas burner with an automatic adjusting device so as to adjust the roasting temperature of each section.
Application example 1
The application example provides a method for treating flue gas by using the belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system provided in the embodiment 1, and the method comprises the following steps:
(1) the hot waste gas flowing through the second cooling section of the blast drying section 1 is subjected to dust removal treatment and is discharged outside through a chimney 15;
(2) the mixed flue gas generated in the roasting section 4 and the soaking section 5 is subjected to dust removal treatment and SCR denitration treatment in sequence and then flows into the air draft drying section 2; the mixed flue gas generated by the air draft drying section 2 and the preheating section 3 is subjected to dust removal treatment, active coke denitration and desulfurization treatment and dust removal treatment in sequence and is discharged out through a chimney 15; desorbing the adsorbed saturated active coke generated after the denitration and desulfurization treatment of the active coke and recycling the desorbed active coke to the active coke reaction tower 12;
the step (1) and the step (2) are not in sequence;
the SCR denitration treatment of the step (2) is to use NH3Carrying out SCR denitration treatment, NH3NO in the mixed flue gas generated by the roasting section 4 and the soaking section 5xIn a molar ratio of 1: 1;
and (3) recycling the iron-containing dust collected in the step (2) to the belt type roasting machine for reuse.
The infrared flue gas analyzer MGA6 is used for measuring the concentration of nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides and particulate matters in the discharged gas, NOxThe concentration of (b) is less than or equal to 18mg/Nm3,SO2The concentration of the (B) is less than or equal to 15mg/Nm3And the concentration of the particulate matters is less than or equal to 6mg/Nm3
Application example 2
The application example provides a method for treating flue gas by using the belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system provided in the embodiment 1, and the method comprises the following steps:
(1) the hot waste gas flowing through the second cooling section of the blast drying section 1 is subjected to dust removal treatment and is discharged outside through a chimney 15;
(2) the mixed flue gas generated in the roasting section 4 and the soaking section 5 is subjected to dust removal treatment and SCR denitration treatment in sequence and then flows into the air draft drying section 2; the mixed flue gas generated by the air draft drying section 2 and the preheating section 3 is subjected to dust removal treatment, active coke denitration and desulfurization treatment and dust removal treatment in sequence and is discharged out through a chimney 15; desorbing the adsorbed saturated active coke generated after the denitration and desulfurization treatment of the active coke and recycling the desorbed active coke to the active coke reaction tower 12;
the step (1) and the step (2) are not in sequence;
the SCR denitration treatment of the step (2) is to use NH3Carrying out SCR denitration treatment, NH3NO in the mixed flue gas generated by the roasting section 4 and the soaking section 5xIn a molar ratio of 1.5: 1;
and (3) recycling the iron-containing dust collected in the step (2) to the belt type roasting machine for reuse.
The infrared flue gas analyzer MGA6 is used for measuring the concentration of nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides and particulate matters in the discharged gas, NOxThe concentration of the (B) is less than or equal to 10mg/Nm3,SO2The concentration of the (B) is less than or equal to 11mg/Nm3And the concentration of the particulate matters is less than or equal to 6mg/Nm3
Application example 3
The application example provides a method for treating flue gas by using the belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system provided in the embodiment 1, and the method comprises the following steps:
(1) the hot waste gas flowing through the second cooling section of the blast drying section 1 is subjected to dust removal treatment and is discharged outside through a chimney 15;
(2) the mixed flue gas generated in the roasting section 4 and the soaking section 5 is subjected to dust removal treatment and SCR denitration treatment in sequence and then flows into the air draft drying section 2; the mixed flue gas generated by the air draft drying section 2 and the preheating section 3 is subjected to dust removal treatment, active coke denitration and desulfurization treatment and dust removal treatment in sequence and is discharged out through a chimney 15; desorbing the adsorbed saturated active coke generated after the denitration and desulfurization treatment of the active coke and recycling the desorbed active coke to the active coke reaction tower 12;
the step (1) and the step (2) are not in sequence;
the SCR denitration treatment of the step (2) is to use NH3Carrying out SCR denitration treatment, NH3NO in the mixed flue gas generated by the roasting section 4 and the soaking section 5xIn a molar ratio of 0.8: 1;
and (3) recycling the iron-containing dust collected in the step (2) to the belt type roasting machine for reuse.
The infrared flue gas analyzer MGA6 is used for measuring the concentration of nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides and particulate matters in the discharged gas, NOxThe concentration of (b) is less than or equal to 18mg/Nm3,SO2The concentration of the (B) is less than or equal to 20mg/Nm3And the concentration of the particulate matters is less than or equal to 6mg/Nm3
In conclusion, the belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system and method provided by the invention can obviously reduce the concentration of pollutants in the pellet roasting flue gas, can also reduce the operation cost of equipment, are simple to operate, and can realize long-term stable low-energy-consumption operation.
The applicant declares that the above description is only a specific embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and it should be understood by those skilled in the art that any changes or substitutions that can be easily conceived by those skilled in the art within the technical scope of the present invention are within the scope and disclosure of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system is characterized by comprising a belt type roasting unit, an SCR denitration device, an active coke unit and a dust removal unit;
the dust removal unit comprises a first dust removal device, a second dust removal device, a third dust removal device and a fourth dust removal device;
the belt type roasting unit comprises a belt type roasting machine and a matched gas conveying device, wherein the belt type roasting machine comprises a blast drying section, an air draft drying section, a preheating section, a roasting section, a soaking section, a first cooling section and a second cooling section which are sequentially connected;
the gas conveying device is used for conveying external cold sources to the first cold section and the second cold section respectively and independently;
hot waste gas of the second cooling section flows through the blast drying section and the first dust removal device in sequence and is discharged outside through a chimney;
the hot waste gas of the first cooling section respectively and independently flows into the preheating section, the roasting section and the soaking section; the mixed flue gas generated in the roasting section and the soaking section sequentially flows through the second dust removal device and the SCR denitration device and then flows into the air draft drying section;
and mixed flue gas generated in the air draft drying section and the preheating section sequentially flows through the third dust removal device, the active coke unit and the fourth dust removal device and is discharged outside through a chimney.
2. The belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fuel used by the belt type roasting machine is coke oven gas.
3. The belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein the first dust removal device comprises any one or a combination of at least two of an electrostatic dust collector, a cyclone dust collector or a bag type dust collector;
preferably, the second dust removing device comprises any one of an electrostatic dust remover, a cyclone dust remover or a bag type dust remover or a combination of at least two of the electrostatic dust remover, the cyclone dust remover and the bag type dust remover;
preferably, the third dust removing device comprises any one of an electrostatic dust remover, a cyclone dust remover or a bag type dust remover or a combination of at least two of the electrostatic dust remover, the cyclone dust remover and the bag type dust remover;
preferably, the fourth dust removing device comprises any one of an electrostatic dust remover, a cyclone dust remover or a bag type dust remover or a combination of at least two of the electrostatic dust remover, the cyclone dust remover and the bag type dust remover.
4. The belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system as claimed in claim 3, wherein the first dust removal device is an electrostatic dust collector;
preferably, the second dust removing device is a cyclone dust remover;
preferably, the third dust removing device is an electrostatic dust remover;
preferably, the fourth dust removing device is a bag type dust remover.
5. The belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the active coke unit comprises an active coke reaction tower and an active coke regeneration tower;
and mixed flue gas generated in the air draft drying section and the preheating section sequentially flows through the third dust removal device, the active coke reaction tower and the fourth dust removal device and is discharged outside through a chimney.
6. A method for treating belt type pellet roasting flue gas by using the belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system as defined in any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the method comprises the following steps:
(1) carrying out dust removal treatment on the hot waste gas flowing through the second cooling section of the blast drying section, and discharging the hot waste gas through a chimney;
(2) the mixed flue gas generated in the roasting section and the soaking section is subjected to dust removal treatment and SCR denitration treatment in sequence, and the denitrated flue gas flows into an air draft drying section; the mixed flue gas generated in the air draft drying section and the preheating section is subjected to dust removal treatment, active coke denitration and desulfurization treatment and dust removal treatment in sequence and is discharged out through a chimney;
the step (1) and the step (2) are not in sequence.
7. The method of claim 6, wherein the SCR denitration treatment of step (2) is performed by using NH3Carrying out SCR denitration treatment, NH3With NO in the mixed flue gas generated in the roasting and soaking sectionsxThe molar ratio of (0.8-1.5) to (1).
8. The method of claim 7, wherein NH3With NO in the mixed flue gas generated in the roasting and soaking sectionsxThe molar ratio of (0.9-1.1) to (1).
9. The method according to any one of claims 6 to 8, further comprising a step of desorbing the adsorbed saturated activated coke generated after the activated coke denitration and desulfurization treatment and recycling the desorbed activated coke to the activated coke denitration and desulfurization treatment.
10. A method according to any of claims 7-9, characterized in that the method comprises the steps of:
(1) carrying out dust removal treatment on the hot waste gas flowing through the second cooling section of the blast drying section, and discharging the hot waste gas through a chimney;
(2) the mixed flue gas generated in the roasting section and the soaking section is subjected to dust removal treatment and SCR denitration treatment in sequence, and the denitrated flue gas flows into an air draft drying section; the mixed flue gas generated in the air draft drying section and the preheating section is subjected to dust removal treatment, active coke denitration and desulfurization treatment and dust removal treatment in sequence and is discharged out through a chimney; desorbing the adsorbed saturated active coke generated after the denitration and desulfurization treatment of the active coke and recycling the desorbed active coke to the active coke reaction tower;
the step (1) and the step (2) are not in sequence;
the SCR denitration treatment of the step (2) is to use NH3Carrying out SCR denitration treatment, NH3With NO in the mixed flue gas generated in the roasting and soaking sectionsxThe molar ratio of (0.8-1.5) to (1).
CN202010123402.6A 2020-02-27 2020-02-27 Belt type pellet roasting flue gas SCR and active coke combined denitration and desulfurization system and method Pending CN111318162A (en)

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Application publication date: 20200623