CN111301944A - Separating mechanism for efficiently removing impurities from seeds subjected to tedding/drying dehydration - Google Patents

Separating mechanism for efficiently removing impurities from seeds subjected to tedding/drying dehydration Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111301944A
CN111301944A CN202010114741.8A CN202010114741A CN111301944A CN 111301944 A CN111301944 A CN 111301944A CN 202010114741 A CN202010114741 A CN 202010114741A CN 111301944 A CN111301944 A CN 111301944A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shell
power
shaft
seed
component
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010114741.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张继美
王艳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Lu'an Zhenghui Youchan Electromechanical Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Lu'an Zhenghui Youchan Electromechanical Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Lu'an Zhenghui Youchan Electromechanical Technology Co ltd filed Critical Lu'an Zhenghui Youchan Electromechanical Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202010114741.8A priority Critical patent/CN111301944A/en
Publication of CN111301944A publication Critical patent/CN111301944A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G23/00Driving gear for endless conveyors; Belt- or chain-tensioning arrangements
    • B65G23/02Belt- or chain-engaging elements
    • B65G23/04Drums, rollers, or wheels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/02Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors
    • B65G47/16Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding materials in bulk
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G69/00Auxiliary measures taken, or devices used, in connection with loading or unloading
    • B65G69/18Preventing escape of dust
    • B65G69/185Preventing escape of dust by means of non-sealed systems

Abstract

The invention provides a separating mechanism for efficiently removing impurities from seeds subjected to tedding/drying dehydration, which comprises a travelling vehicle body (100) and a seed dust removal device (300) arranged on the travelling vehicle body (100), wherein the travelling vehicle body (100) is used for being manually controlled by a user and performing actions such as linear advancing, retreating, steering and the like, the seed dust removal device (300) comprises a bracket body, a power motor (310), a dust removal shell (320), a seed dust removal mechanism (330) and a seed storage shell (340), the bracket body is fixedly arranged on the upper end surface of a chassis (110), the seed storage shell (340) is fixedly arranged on the upper end surface of the chassis (110), the seed storage shell (340) is of a rectangular shell structure with an open upper end and a closed lower end, the seed dust removal mechanism (330) is used for receiving the seeds and separating impurities such as broken rice leaf dust and the like from the seeds, and the seed storage shell (340) is used for receiving, the power motor (310) is used for providing power for the operation of the seed dust removing mechanism (330).

Description

Separating mechanism for efficiently removing impurities from seeds subjected to tedding/drying dehydration
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of crops, in particular to a separating mechanism for efficiently removing impurities from seeds subjected to tedding/drying dehydration.
Background
After the seeds are dried in the sun, the life activity of the seeds is basically stopped under the condition that free water is almost lost, but the protoplasm structure of embryonic cells is not damaged, the cells do not lose activity, and the life activity is quickly recovered after the seeds absorb water. If the seeds are not dried in the sun, the seeds can respire (the strength of respiration is in proportion to the water content in the seeds in a certain range), organic matters stored in the seeds are consumed, and products generated by aerobic respiration react with substances in the environment to mildew, so that the storage life of the seeds is shortened.
In order to prolong the storage time of the seeds and ensure the quality of the seeds, the seeds need to be dried in the sun or baked before being stored.
Seeds are collected manually after being aired or dried, the time and labor are wasted, the efficiency is very low, the current popular recovery mechanism is mainly a sucker type recovery mechanism, the seeds are lifted and collected by being sucked by a sucker according to the working principle of the recovery mechanism, and the recovery mechanism has the defects of high power loss, high noise, low efficiency, low recovery speed, complex structure, difficulty in manufacturing and the like.
Therefore, the invention needs to provide an automatic seed collecting device which can automatically gather, collect and store the seeds aired on the ground and remove impurities such as broken rice leaves, dust and the like in the collecting and storing process, thereby greatly reducing the labor intensity of farmers and improving the working efficiency; in the gathering and collecting process, the free ends of the gathering and conveying component/the seed pushing component can be tightly attached to the ground through the matching of the first abutting component and the second abutting component, so that the seeds on the ground can be gathered and collected effectively, and the environment adaptability is strong; in the collection and storage processes, the seeds thrown out by the centrifugal throwing principle are subjected to impurity separation in a wind blowing mode, and the removing effect is better.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the defects of the prior art, the invention aims to provide a separating mechanism for efficiently removing impurities from seeds after tedding/drying and dehydration, which can automatically gather, collect and store the seeds aired on the ground and remove impurities such as broken rice leaves, dust and the like from the seeds in the collecting and storing process, thereby greatly reducing the labor intensity of farmers and improving the working efficiency.
In order to achieve the technical purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows.
The separating mechanism comprises an advancing vehicle body (100) and a seed dust removal device (300) arranged on the advancing vehicle body (100), wherein the advancing vehicle body (100) is manually controlled by a user and performs actions such as linear advancing, retreating, steering and the like, and the seed dust removal device (300) is used for receiving seeds and removing impurities such as broken rice leaves or dust from the seeds;
the travelling vehicle body (100) comprises a chassis (110), a travelling mechanism (120) and a driving mechanism (130), wherein the chassis (110) is of a horizontally arranged rectangular plate structure, the travelling mechanism (120) and the driving mechanism (130) are both arranged on the chassis (110), the travelling mechanism (120) is used for being manually controlled by a user and performing linear advancing, retreating, steering and other actions, and the driving mechanism (130) is used for providing power for the travelling mechanism (120) to run;
seed dust collector (300) including the stake body, motor power (310), dust removal casing (320), seed dust removal mechanism (330), seed storage case (340), stake body fixed mounting is in the up end of chassis (110), seed storage case (340) fixed mounting is upper end opening in the up end of chassis (110) and seed storage case (340), lower extreme confined rectangle shell structure, seed dust removal mechanism (330) are used for receiving the seed and carry out impurity separation such as garrulous rice leaf dust to the seed, seed storage case (340) are used for receiving the seed after the dust removal, motor power (310) are used for providing power for seed dust removal mechanism (330) operation.
The technical scheme is further improved and optimized.
The travelling mechanism (120) comprises travelling members, four groups of travelling members are arranged on the travelling members and are respectively positioned at four corners of the chassis (110);
the travelling component comprises a steering shaft (121), an axle (123) and a tire (124), the steering shaft (121) is vertically and movably mounted on the chassis (110) and can axially rotate around the steering shaft, the top end of the steering shaft (121) is positioned above the chassis (110), the bottom end of the steering shaft (121) penetrates through the chassis (110) and is positioned below the chassis (110), and a movable support (122) is fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the steering shaft (121);
the axle (123) is horizontally and movably arranged on the movable support (122) and can rotate around the axial direction of the axle, and the tire (124) is coaxially fixed outside the axle (123);
the travelling component further comprises a driving shaft (125) and an intermediate shaft (126), an installation hole penetrating through the axial thickness of the steering shaft (121) is formed in the end face of the steering shaft (121), the driving shaft (125) is coaxially and movably installed in the installation hole through a bearing, the top end of the driving shaft (125) is located above the top end of the steering shaft (121), the bottom end of the driving shaft (125) is located below the bottom end of the steering shaft (121), the axial direction of the intermediate shaft (126) is parallel to the axial direction of the axle (123), the intermediate shaft (126) is located between the axle (123) and the bottom end of the driving shaft (125), and the intermediate shaft (126) is movably installed on the movable support (122) and can rotate around;
a first power transmission assembly (127) is arranged between the bottom end of the driving shaft (125) and the intermediate shaft (126) and is in power connection transmission through the first power transmission assembly (127), and the first power transmission assembly (127) is in a bevel gear transmission structure;
a second power transmission assembly (128) is arranged between the intermediate shaft (126) and the axle (123) and is in power connection transmission through the second power transmission assembly (128), the second power transmission assembly (128) is of a belt transmission structure, and the second power transmission assembly (128) is provided with two groups and is respectively positioned at one end of the axle (123).
The technical scheme is further improved and optimized.
The driving mechanism (130) comprises a driving motor (131) and a steering motor (133), the driving motor (131) and the steering motor (133) are vertically and fixedly mounted on the lower end face of the chassis (110), and power output ends of the driving motor (131) and the steering motor (133) penetrate through the chassis (110) and are positioned above the chassis (110);
a first power transmission component (132) is arranged between the power output end of the driving motor (131) and the top ends of the driving shafts (125) of the four groups of travelling components, and power is connected and transmitted between the first power transmission component (132) and the fifth power transmission component through the first power transmission component (132), wherein the first power transmission component (132) is of a belt transmission structure;
and a second power transmission component (134) is arranged between the power output end of the steering motor (133) and the top ends of the steering shafts (121) of the four groups of travelling components, the five power transmission components are connected and transmitted through the second power transmission component (134), and the second power transmission component (134) is in a belt transmission structure.
The technical scheme is further improved and optimized.
The dust removal shell (320) is of a cylindrical shell structure with openings at the upper end and the lower end, the dust removal shell (320) is fixedly arranged on the support body, the upper opening end of the dust removal shell (320) is provided with a fixed end cover (321), the fixed end cover (321) is of a truncated cone-shaped shell structure with openings at the upper end and the lower end, the upper opening end of the fixed end cover is smaller than the lower opening end, the lower opening end of the fixed end cover (321) is coaxially and fixedly connected with the upper opening end of the dust removal shell (320), and the upper opening end of the fixed end cover (321) is connected with a dust removal pipeline;
an isolation housing (323) is arranged in the dust removal shell (321), the isolation housing (323) is a circular shell structure which is coaxially arranged with the dust removal shell (321) and has openings at the upper end and the lower end, a support frame is arranged between the outer circular surface of the isolation housing (323) and the inner wall of the dust removal shell (321), and the isolation housing (323) is coaxially and fixedly arranged in the dust removal shell (321) through the support frame;
the axial direction of the output shaft of the power motor (310) is vertical to the ground, and the power motor (310) is arranged on the chassis (110).
The technical scheme is further improved and optimized.
The seed dust removal mechanism (330) comprises a transportation dust removal component (3310), a seed guide component (3320), a first power connection component (3330) and a second power connection component (3340), wherein the transportation dust removal component (3310) is used for receiving seeds, conveying the seeds into the seed guide component (3320) and performing dust removal treatment on the seeds in the seed conveying process, the seed guide component (3320) is used for receiving the seeds after dust removal and conveying the seeds into a seed storage shell (340), the first power connection component (3330) is used for power connection between the transportation dust removal component (3310) and a power motor (310), and the second power connection component (3340) is used for power connection between the seed guide component (3320) and the power motor (310);
the conveying dedusting component (3310) comprises a feeding shell (3311), a conveying cylinder shell (3312), a centrifugal component, a fan (3315) and a packing auger (3317), wherein the conveying cylinder shell (3312) is a cylindrical shell structure which is axially vertical to the ground, the lower end of the conveying cylinder shell is closed, the upper end of the conveying cylinder shell is opened, the conveying cylinder shell (3312) is fixedly arranged on the support body, and the upper opening end of the conveying cylinder shell (3312) is coaxially positioned in the isolation housing (323);
the feeding shell (3311) is of a shell structure with openings at the upper end and the lower end, the feeding shell (3311) is fixedly arranged on the support body, the upper opening end of the feeding shell (3311) is used for receiving seeds, the lower opening end of the feeding shell (3311) is communicated with the transportation cylinder shell (3312), the connection part between the lower opening end of the feeding shell (3311) and the transportation cylinder shell (3312) is close to the lower closed end of the transportation cylinder shell (3312), the cavity wall of the feeding shell (3311) is obliquely arranged, and the oblique cavity wall in the feeding shell (3311) is used for guiding the seeds to the transportation cylinder shell (3312);
the centrifugal component comprises a centrifugal shaft (3312) and a centrifugal shell (3314), the centrifugal shaft (3312) is of an annular shaft structure, the centrifugal shaft (3312) is coaxially arranged outside the conveying cylinder shell (3312) through a bearing, the top end of the centrifugal shaft (3312) and the upper opening end of the conveying cylinder shell (3312) are positioned in the same horizontal plane, and the fan (3315) is coaxially fixed outside the centrifugal shaft (3312);
the centrifugal shell (3314) is of a truncated cone-shaped shell structure with an open upper end and a closed lower end, the size of the closed lower end is smaller than that of the open upper end, the closed lower end of the centrifugal shell (3314) is coaxially and fixedly connected with the top end of the centrifugal shaft (3312), the closed lower end of the centrifugal shell (3314) is also provided with a through hole penetrating through the axial thickness of the centrifugal shell, the through hole is communicated with the open upper end of the transport cylinder shell (3312), the open upper end of the centrifugal shell (3314) is positioned right above the open upper end of the isolation housing (323), the open upper end of the isolation housing (323) is close to the outer circular surface of the centrifugal shell (3314), and an air inlet area is an area between the open upper end and the outer circular;
the wall of the centrifugal shell (3314) is provided with a traction plate (3316) with the extending direction parallel to the inclined direction of the outer circle surface of the centrifugal shell (3314), and the traction plate (3316) is provided with a plurality of groups along the circumferential direction array of the centrifugal shell (3314);
the coaxial movable mounting of auger (3317) in transport shell (3312) and can rotate around self axial to the bottom of auger (3317) passes transport shell (3312) lower blind end and is located transport shell (3312) under, the top of auger (3317) passes transport shell (3312) upper end open end and is located centrifugal shell (3314).
The technical scheme is further improved and optimized.
The first power connecting component (3330) comprises a vertical shaft (3334), the vertical shaft (3334) is vertically movably mounted on the main frame body and can rotate around the axial direction of the vertical shaft, a first power connecting component (3331) is arranged between the power output end of the power motor (310) and the centrifugal shaft (3313) and is in power connection and transmission through the first power connecting component (3331), a second power connecting component (3332) is arranged between the centrifugal shaft (3313) and the vertical shaft (3334) and is in power connection and transmission through the second power connecting component (3332), a third power connecting component (3333) is arranged between the vertical shaft (3334) and the bottom end of the packing auger (3317) and is in power connection and transmission through the third power connecting component (3333);
the first power connecting assembly (3331) is of a belt transmission structure, the second power connecting assembly (3332) is of a straight gear transmission structure, and the third power connecting assembly (3333) is of a speed reducing belt transmission structure.
The technical scheme is further improved and optimized.
The seed guide member (3320) comprises a sealing plate (3321) and a rotating ring (3323), wherein the rotating ring (3323) comprises an inner ring and an outer ring, the inner ring is coaxially fixed outside the isolation housing (323), the lower end surface of the inner ring is positioned below the lower opening end of the isolation housing (323), the outer ring is coaxially arranged outside the inner ring in a surrounding manner, a push plate (3324) is arranged between the outer ring and the inner ring and fixedly connected with the outer ring and the inner ring through the push plate (3324), and the push plate (3324) is arrayed in a plurality of groups along the circumferential direction of the inner ring;
the sealing plate (3321) is a circular plate body structure coaxially arranged with the dust removal shell (320), the sealing plate (3321) is arranged between the lower end face of the inner ring and the wall of the dust removal shell (320) and is used for sealing an area between the lower end face and the wall of the dust removal shell (320), a discharge barrel (3322) is vertically arranged on the lower end face of the part of the sealing plate (3321) right above the seed storage shell (340), and the discharge barrel (3322) is communicated with the inner cavity of the dust removal shell (320).
The technical scheme is further improved and optimized.
The inner ring of the sealing plate (3321) extends towards the axial center line of the dust removal shell (320) to form a supporting plate, the power connecting component II (3340) comprises a gear shaft, and the gear shaft is vertically and movably arranged on the supporting plate and can rotate around the axial direction of the gear shaft;
power motor (310) power take off end and gear shaft between be provided with power coupling assembling four (3341) and carry out the power connection transmission through power coupling assembling four (3341) between the two, be provided with power coupling assembling five (3342) between gear shaft and circle (3323) and carry out the power connection transmission through power coupling assembling five (3342) between the two, power coupling assembling four (3341) is the belt transmission structure, power coupling assembling five (3342) is gear ring transmission structure.
Compared with the prior art, the collecting and storing device has the advantages that the collecting and storing device can automatically collect, collect and store the seeds aired on the ground and remove impurities such as broken rice leaves, dust and the like from the seeds in the collecting and storing process, so that the labor intensity of farmers is greatly reduced and the working efficiency is improved; in the gathering and collecting process, the free ends of the gathering and conveying component/the seed pushing component can be tightly attached to the ground through the matching of the first abutting component and the second abutting component, so that the seeds on the ground can be gathered and collected effectively, and the environment adaptability is strong; in the collection and storage processes, the seeds thrown out by the centrifugal throwing principle are subjected to impurity separation in a wind blowing mode, and the removing effect is better.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the traveling vehicle body and the seed collecting device of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of a traveling vehicle body of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a traveling vehicle body of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the travel mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the travel mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of the driving mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of the seed collection apparatus of the present invention in cooperation with a base plate.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of the seed collecting device of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of the gathering and conveying mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of a gathering and conveying member of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic view of the construction of the gathering and conveying member of the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a schematic structural view of a first interference member according to the present invention.
Fig. 14 is a schematic view of an internal structure of the first interference member according to the present invention.
Fig. 15 is a schematic structural view of the mounting housing and the seed pushing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 16 is a schematic structural diagram of a seed pushing mechanism according to the present invention.
Fig. 17 is a schematic structural view of a seed pushing member according to the present invention.
Fig. 18 is a schematic structural view of a second interference member according to the present invention.
FIG. 19 is a schematic structural view of a chassis and a seed dust removing device of the present invention.
FIG. 20 is a schematic structural view of a chassis and a seed dust removing device of the present invention.
Fig. 21 is a schematic structural view of the seed dust removing device of the present invention.
Fig. 22 is a schematic structural view of the dust removing housing of the present invention.
Fig. 23 is a schematic structural diagram of a seed dust removing mechanism of the present invention.
FIG. 24 is a schematic view showing the combination of the power motor, the transportation dust-removing member and the power connecting assembly according to the present invention.
Fig. 25 is a schematic structural view of a transport dusting member of the present invention.
FIG. 26 is a schematic view showing the combination of the power motor, the internal components of the dust-collecting transporting member, and the power connecting assembly according to the present invention.
Fig. 27 is a schematic diagram of the combination of the power motor, the seed guide member, the power connection assembly and the isolation housing.
Fig. 28 is a schematic diagram of the combination of the power motor, the seed guiding member and the power connecting assembly according to the present invention.
Fig. 29 is a schematic structural view of a seed guide member of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention will be made with reference to the accompanying drawings. The following examples are only for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention more clearly, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereby.
The collecting device has the advantages that the collecting device can automatically collect, collect and store the seeds aired on the ground and remove impurities such as broken rice leaves, dust and the like in the collecting and storing process, so that the labor intensity of farmers is greatly reduced and the working efficiency is improved; in the gathering and collecting process, the free ends of the gathering and conveying component/the seed pushing component can be tightly attached to the ground through the matching of the first abutting component and the second abutting component, so that the seeds on the ground can be gathered and collected effectively, and the environment adaptability is strong; in the collection and storage processes, the seeds thrown out by the centrifugal throwing principle are subjected to impurity separation in a wind blowing mode, and the removing effect is better.
Automatic dust removal collecting equipment of seed, it is including advancing automobile body 100, seed collection device 200, seed dust collector 300, and seed collection device 200 all installs on advancing automobile body 100 with seed dust collector 300, it is used for being carried out the straight line by user's manual control and moves forward backward and turn to etc. to advance automobile body 100, seed collection device 200 is used for gathering together the collection and carrying the seed to seed dust collector 300 in following advancing automobile body 100 rectilinear movement in-process to the seed, seed dust collector 300 is used for carrying out impurity removal such as garrulous rice leaf or dust to the seed.
The traveling vehicle body 100 includes a chassis 110, a traveling mechanism 120, and a driving mechanism 130, wherein the chassis 110 is a horizontally arranged rectangular plate structure, the traveling mechanism 120 and the driving mechanism 130 are both mounted on the chassis 110, the traveling mechanism 120 is used for being manually operated by a user and performing linear forward and backward movement, steering and other actions, and the driving mechanism 130 is used for providing power for the traveling mechanism 120.
The traveling mechanism 120 includes four traveling members, which are provided at four corners of the chassis 110.
The traveling member comprises a steering shaft 121, an axle 123 and a tire 124, the steering shaft 121 is vertically movably mounted on the chassis 110 and can rotate around the axial direction of the steering shaft, the top end of the steering shaft 121 is located above the chassis 110, the bottom end of the steering shaft 121 penetrates through the chassis 110 and is located below the chassis 110, and a movable support 122 is fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the steering shaft 121.
The axle 123 is horizontally movably mounted on the movable bracket 122 and can rotate around the axial direction of the axle, and the tire 124 is coaxially fixed outside the axle 123.
The travelling component further comprises a driving shaft 125 and an intermediate shaft 126, a mounting hole penetrating through the axial thickness of the steering shaft 121 is formed in the end face of the steering shaft 121, the driving shaft 125 is coaxially and movably mounted in the mounting hole through a bearing, the top end of the driving shaft 125 is located above the top end of the steering shaft 121, the bottom end of the driving shaft 125 is located below the bottom end of the steering shaft 121, the axial direction of the intermediate shaft 126 is parallel to the axial direction of the axle 123, the intermediate shaft 126 is located between the axle 123 and the bottom end of the driving shaft 125, and the intermediate shaft 126 is movably mounted on the movable support 122 and.
A first power transmission assembly 127 is arranged between the bottom end of the driving shaft 125 and the intermediate shaft 126, and power connection transmission is performed between the bottom end of the driving shaft 125 and the intermediate shaft through the first power transmission assembly 127, specifically, the first power transmission assembly 127 is a bevel gear transmission structure.
A second power transmission assembly 128 is arranged between the intermediate shaft 126 and the axle 123 and is in power connection transmission with the second power transmission assembly 128, specifically, the second power transmission assembly 128 is in a belt transmission structure, and preferably, two sets of the second power transmission assemblies 128 are arranged and are respectively located at one end of the axle 123.
The linear forward and backward movement process of the moving mechanism 120 is specifically represented as follows: the driving shaft 125 rotates and draws the axle 123/tire 124 to rotate through the first power transmission assembly 127, the intermediate shaft 126 and the second power transmission assembly 128, so that the traveling mechanism 120 advances or retreats in a linear direction;
the steering process of the traveling mechanism 120 is specifically represented as: the steering shaft 121 is rotated ninety degrees, then the driving shaft 125 is rotated and the traveling mechanism 120 is operated, when the moving displacement of the traveling mechanism 120 is equal to the width of the seed collecting device 200, the driving shaft 125 stops rotating and the steering shaft 121 continues to rotate ninety degrees, at which time, the whole translation of the device along the width direction of the seed collecting device 200 is completed; in addition, the whole one-hundred-eighty degree steering of the device can be realized by controlling the rotation angle of the steering shaft 121, the steering process is consistent with the turning process of the vehicle in the prior art, and detailed description is omitted here.
The driving mechanism 130 comprises a driving motor 131 and a steering motor 133, the driving motor 131 and the steering motor 133 are vertically and fixedly mounted on the lower end surface of the chassis 110, and power output ends of the driving motor 131 and the steering motor 133 penetrate through the chassis 110 and are located above the chassis 110.
A first power transmission member 132 is arranged between the power output end of the driving motor 131 and the top ends of the driving shafts 125 of the four sets of traveling members, and the five members are connected and transmitted through the first power transmission member 132, specifically, the first power transmission member 132 is a belt transmission structure.
A second power transmission member 134 is arranged between the power output end of the steering motor 133 and the top ends of the steering shafts 121 of the four sets of traveling members, and the five members are connected and transmitted through the second power transmission member 134, specifically, the second power transmission member 134 is a belt transmission structure.
The driving motor 131 operates and can pull the driving shaft 125 to rotate around the self axial direction through the first power transmission component 132, and the steering motor 133 operates and can pull the steering shaft 121 to rotate around the self axial direction through the second power transmission component 134.
The seed collection device 200 comprises a gathering and conveying mechanism 210 and a seed pushing mechanism 220, the gathering and conveying mechanism 210 is used for gathering seeds and conveying the seeds to the seed dust removal device 300 in the process of linearly advancing and retreating along with the advancing vehicle body 100, and the seed pushing mechanism 220 is used for assisting in pushing the seeds to a conveying component of the gathering and conveying mechanism 210.
The gathering and conveying mechanism 210 comprises a gathering and conveying member 2110 and a first collision member 2120, the gathering and conveying member 2110 is used for gathering seeds and conveying the seeds into the seed dust removing device 300 in the process of linearly advancing and retreating along with the advancing vehicle body 100, and the first collision member 2120 is used for enabling the gathering part of the gathering and conveying member 2110 to cling to the ground.
The gathering and conveying member 2110 comprises fixing brackets 2111, an installation shell 2112, a conveying assembly 2113 and a conveying motor 2114, wherein the fixing brackets 2111 are fixedly installed on the chassis 110, two groups of fixing brackets 2111 are arranged, and the distance direction between the two groups of fixing brackets 2111 is parallel to the axial direction of the axle 123 in a linear moving state.
The installation housing 2112 includes a bottom plate and vertical plates, the bottom plate is obliquely arranged, the extending direction of the horizontal projection of the bottom plate on the ground is parallel to the linear moving direction of the traveling vehicle body 100, the vertical plates are fixedly arranged on the upper inclined plane of the bottom plate and are vertically arranged between the two, the vertical plates are provided with two groups and are respectively positioned on one side of the bottom plate along the width direction of the vertical plates, the installation housing 2112 is arranged between the two groups of fixing brackets 2111, the width direction of the bottom plate of the installation housing 2112 is parallel to the distance direction between the two groups of fixing brackets 2111, the installation housing 2112 is hinged with the two groups of fixing brackets 2111, the axial direction of a hinge shaft formed at the hinged position between the installation housing 2112 and the fixing brackets 2111 is parallel to the axial direction of the axle 123 in the linear moving state, and the bottom.
The bottom ends of the two groups of vertical plates of the installation shell 2112 are respectively extended with a gathering plate 2116, the large surface of the gathering plate 2116 is perpendicular to the ground, an included angle is formed between the gathering plate 2116 and the vertical plates, the distance between the two groups of gathering plates 2116 decreases progressively along the projection extension direction of the installation shell 2112 on the ground and the direction from far away from the installation shell 2112 to near the installation shell 2112, and the bottom of the gathering plate 2116 is tightly attached to the ground.
The bottom ends of the two groups of vertical plates of the installation shell 2112 are also fixedly arranged on a guide plate 2115, the guide plate 2115 is obliquely arranged, and the large surface of the guide plate 2115 is parallel to the large surface of the bottom plate of the installation shell 2112.
The conveying component 2113 comprises a driving roller, a driven roller and a conveying belt, the axial directions of the driving roller and the driven roller are parallel to the distance direction between the two sets of fixing supports 2111, the driving roller and the driven roller are movably mounted between the two sets of vertical plates of the mounting shell 2112 and can rotate around the axial direction of the driving roller and the driven roller, the driven roller is located under the guide plate 2115, the driving roller is located at the top end of the vertical plate, and the conveying belt is arranged between the driving roller and the driven roller.
The conveying motor 2114 is fixedly arranged on the vertical plate, and the power output end of the conveying motor 2114 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the driving roller.
In the process that the gathering and conveying member 2110 moves linearly along with the traveling vehicle body 100, the gathering plate 2116 gathers seeds on the linear track to the position near the guide plate 2115, meanwhile, the seed pushing mechanism 220 operates and pushes the seeds to the feeding end of the conveying assembly 2113 through the guide plate 2115, meanwhile, the conveying motor 2114 operates and drives the conveying assembly 2113 to operate, and the conveying assembly 2113 operates and pulls the seeds to be conveyed towards the direction of the discharging end of the conveying assembly.
The first interference members 2120 are provided with two sets and are respectively located on one side of the mounting housing 2112 along the extending direction thereof, and each first interference member 2120 includes a fixing plate 2121, a fixing cover 2122 and a guide rod 2123.
The big surface of the fixing plate 2121 is parallel to the big surface of the vertical plate of the installation housing 2112, the fixing plate 2121 is fixedly installed on the portion of the vertical plate above the fixing bracket 2111, a guide hole with an initial guide direction perpendicular to the ground is further formed in the fixing plate 2121, the fixing cover 2122 is a circular cylinder structure with one open end and one closed end, the initial axial direction of the fixing cover 2122 is parallel to the ground and perpendicular to the distance direction between the two sets of transition brackets 2111, the fixing cover 2122 is fixedly installed on the fixing bracket 2111, the open end of the fixing cover 2122 faces the fixing plate 2121, and a built-in step is further arranged at the open end of the fixing cover 2122.
The guide rod 2123 and the fixing cover 2122 are coaxially arranged, one end of the guide rod 2123 is located in the fixing cover 2122, and a slider 2124 having a circular block structure is coaxially disposed at the end, a sliding guiding fit is formed between the slider 2124 and the fixing cover 2122, the other end of the guide rod 2123 is located outside the fixing cover 2122, and a linkage block 2125 is disposed at the end, a linkage protrusion is disposed on a side surface of the linkage block 2125 facing the fixing plate 2121, a free end of the linkage protrusion is located in a guide hole disposed on the fixing plate 2121, and a sliding guiding fit is formed between the free end and the guide hole.
The guide rod 2123 is sleeved outside the portion between the slider 2124 and the open end of the fixed housing 2122 with a first abutting spring 2126, and the slider 2124 and the guide rod 2123 are driven by the elastic force of the first abutting spring 2126 to move close to the closed end of the fixed housing 2122.
A buffer spring 2127 is provided inside a portion of the fixed cover 2122 between the bottom of the fixed cover and the slider 2124, and the slider 2124 and the guide rod 2123 are driven by the elastic force of the buffer spring 2127 to move away from the closed end of the fixed cover 2122.
In the process of gathering and collecting seeds by the gathering and conveying member 2110, because of the protrusion on the ground, the gathering plate 2116 of the gathering and conveying member 2110 will deflect away from the ground and make the first abutment spring 2126 in a compressed state, and after the gathering and conveying member 2110 passes through the protrusion, the elastic force of the first abutment spring 2126 will make the gathering and conveying member 2110 restore to the original state that the gathering plate 2116 clings to the ground.
The seed pushing mechanism 220 is arranged in an area between the two groups of gathering plates 2116, the seed pushing mechanism 220 comprises a seed pushing member and a second abutting member, the seed pushing member is used for pushing seeds gathered in the area between the two groups of gathering plates 2116 to the feeding end of the conveying assembly 2113, and the second abutting member is used for enabling the seed pushing member to cling to the ground.
The seed pushing component comprises a mounting plate 221, a rotating shaft 222, pushing blades 223 and a pushing motor 224, wherein the large surface of the mounting plate 221 is parallel to the large surface of the vertical plate of the mounting shell 2112, one end of the mounting plate 221 is hinged to the vertical plate of the mounting shell 2112, the other end of the mounting plate is located right above the gathering plate 2116, a hinge shaft formed by the hinged position between the mounting plate 221 and the vertical plate of the mounting shell 2112 is axially parallel to the distance direction between the two groups of fixing supports 2111, and the mounting plate 221 is provided with two groups and is respectively located on one side of the mounting shell 2112 in the extending direction of the mounting shell 2112.
The axial direction of the rotating shaft 222 is parallel to the distance direction between the two groups of fixing brackets 2111, the rotating shaft 222 is movably arranged between the two groups of mounting plates 221 and can rotate around the self axial direction, the pushing blades 223 are arranged outside the rotating shaft 222, a plurality of groups of pushing blades 223 are arranged in an array mode along the circumferential direction of the rotating shaft 222, the pushing blades 223 are made of soft materials such as rubber, and the distance between the rotating shaft 222 and the ground is smaller than the width of the pushing blades 223.
The pushing motor 224 is fixedly mounted on the mounting plate 221, and a power output end of the pushing motor 224 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the rotating shaft 222.
The pushing motor 224 operates and drives the rotating shaft 222 and the pushing blade 223 to rotate, so that the seeds gathered in the area between the two sets of gathering plates 2116 are pushed to the feeding end of the conveying assembly 2113 along the upper inclined surface of the guide plate 2115.
The second abutting members are provided with two groups and are respectively positioned on one side of the installation shell 2112 along the extending direction of the second abutting members, each second abutting member comprises a first connecting block 225, a second connecting block 226 and a sliding rod 227, the first connecting block 225 is hinged to the installation plate 221, a hinge shaft formed by the hinged position between the first connecting block 225 and the installation plate 221 is axially parallel to the distance direction between the two groups of fixing supports 2111, the second connecting block 226 is positioned on one side of the first connecting block 225 facing the traveling vehicle body 100, the second connecting block 226 is hinged to the vertical plate of the installation shell 2112, and a hinge shaft formed by the hinged position between the second connecting block 226 and the vertical plate of the installation shell 2112 is axially parallel to the distance direction between the two groups of.
The initial extending direction of the sliding rod 227 is parallel to the ground and the vertical board large surface of the mounting housing 2112, one end of the sliding rod 227 is fixedly connected with the first connecting block 225, the other end of the sliding rod 227 penetrates through the second connecting block 226 and is positioned on one side, facing the traveling vehicle body 100, of the second connecting block 226, and the sliding guide fit is formed between the sliding rod 227 and the second connecting block 226.
The part of the sliding rod 227 between the first connecting block 225 and the second connecting block 226 is externally sleeved with a second abutting spring 228, and the elastic force of the second abutting spring 228 drives the first connecting block 225 to move away from the second connecting block 226.
In the process that the seed pushing member passes through the protrusion of the ground, the whole seed pushing member can deflect upwards, so that the first connecting block 225 moves close to the second connecting block 226 and the second abutting spring 228 is in a compressed state, after the seed pushing member passes through the protrusion of the ground, the elastic force of the second abutting spring 228 can enable the first connecting block 225 to move away from the second connecting block 226, and then the seed pushing member is restored to the original state of being tightly attached to the ground.
The complete process of the seed collecting device 200 cooperating with the traveling vehicle body 100 and collecting the seeds is embodied as follows:
in the process that the gathering and conveying member 2110 moves linearly along with the traveling vehicle body 100, the gathering plates 2116 gather seeds on the linear track to the positions near the guide plates 2115, meanwhile, the pushing motor 224 operates and drives the rotating shaft 222 and the pushing blades 223 to rotate, so that the seeds gathered to the area between the two sets of gathering plates 2116 are pushed to the feeding end of the conveying assembly 2113 along the upper inclined plane of the guide plates 2115, meanwhile, the conveying motor 2114 operates and drives the conveying assembly 2113 to operate, the conveying assembly 2113 operates and pulls the seeds to be conveyed towards the discharging end of the conveying assembly, and the seeds are finally conveyed into the seed dust removal device 300;
after the seeds on the linear moving track of the moving vehicle body 100 are collected, the moving vehicle body 100 is reversed, and finally the whole equipment is turned around by one hundred eighty degrees, so that the equipment moves towards the direction of the adjacent seeds to be collected, the moving distance is equal to the width of the gathering and conveying member 2110, and then the moving vehicle body 100 continues to move linearly and collects the seeds, and the operation is repeated in this way.
In the process, the first or second abutting members can enable the gathering and conveying member 2110/seed pushing member to be always tightly attached to the ground.
Seed dust collector 300 include the stake body, motor power 310, dust removal casing 320, seed dust removal mechanism 330, seed storage shell 340, stake body fixed mounting is in the up end of chassis 110, seed storage shell 340 fixed mounting is in the up end of chassis 110 and seed storage shell 340 is upper end opening, lower extreme confined rectangle shell structure, seed dust removal mechanism 330 is used for receiving the seed of carrying through transport assembly 2113 and carries out impurity separation such as garrulous rice leaf dust to it, seed storage shell 340 is used for receiving the seed after the dust removal finishes, motor power 310 is used for providing power for the operation of seed dust removal mechanism 330.
The dust removing shell 320 is a cylindrical shell structure with openings at the upper end and the lower end, the dust removing shell 320 is fixedly installed on the support body, the upper opening end of the dust removing shell 320 is provided with a fixed end cover 321, the fixed end cover 321 is a truncated cone-shaped shell structure with openings at the upper end and the lower end, the upper opening end of the fixed end cover 321 is smaller than the lower opening end, the lower opening end of the fixed end cover 321 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the upper opening end of the dust removing shell 320, and the upper opening end of the fixed end cover 321 is connected with the dust removing.
An isolation housing 323 is arranged in the dust removing housing 321, the isolation housing 323 is a circular shell structure which is arranged coaxially with the dust removing housing 321 and has openings at the upper and lower ends, a support frame is arranged between the outer circular surface of the isolation housing 323 and the inner wall of the dust removing housing 321, and the isolation housing 323 is coaxially and fixedly installed in the dust removing housing 321 through the support frame.
A bearing plate is fixedly arranged between the two groups of fixing brackets 2111, the axial direction of the output shaft of the power motor 310 is vertical to the ground, and the power motor 310 is fixedly arranged on the bearing plate.
The seed dust removing mechanism 330 includes a transportation dust removing member 3310, a seed guiding member 3320, a first power connecting member 3330, and a second power connecting member 3340, wherein the transportation dust removing member 3310 is configured to receive the seeds conveyed by the conveying assembly 2113, convey the seeds into the seed guiding member 3320, and remove dust from the seeds during the seed conveying process, the seed guiding member 3320 is configured to receive the seeds after the dust removal and convey the seeds into the seed storage housing 340, the first power connecting member 3330 is configured to connect the transportation dust removing member 3310 with the power motor 310, and the second power connecting member 3340 is configured to connect the seed guiding member 3320 with the power motor 310.
The transporting and dedusting component 3310 comprises a feeding shell 3311, a transporting cylinder shell 3312, a centrifugal component, a fan 3315 and an auger 3317, wherein the transporting cylinder shell 3312 is a cylindrical shell structure which is axially vertical to the ground, the lower end of the transporting cylinder shell 3312 is closed, the upper end of the transporting cylinder shell 3312 is opened, the transporting cylinder shell 3312 is fixedly arranged on a support body, and the upper opening end of the transporting cylinder shell 3312 is coaxially positioned in the isolating shell 323.
The feeding shell 3311 is a shell structure with openings at the upper and lower ends and the feeding shell 3311 is fixedly arranged on the bracket body, the upper opening end of the feeding shell 3311 is positioned under the discharge end of the conveying component 2113, the lower opening end of the feeding shell 3311 is connected with the conveying cylinder 3312, the connection between the lower opening end of the feeding shell 3311 and the conveying cylinder 3312 is close to the lower closed end of the conveying cylinder 3312, the feeding shell 3311 is obliquely arranged along the cavity wall in the distance direction between the discharge end of the conveying component 2113 and the conveying cylinder 3312, and the oblique cavity wall in the feeding shell 3311 is used for guiding seeds to the conveying cylinder 3312.
The centrifugal component includes a centrifugal shaft 3312 and a centrifugal casing 3314, the centrifugal shaft 3312 is a circular ring shaft structure, the centrifugal shaft 3312 is coaxially installed outside the transportation barrel casing 3312 through a bearing, the top end of the centrifugal shaft 3312 and the upper opening end of the transportation barrel casing 3312 are located in the same horizontal plane, and the fan 3315 is coaxially fixed outside the centrifugal shaft 3312.
The centrifugal shell 3314 is a truncated cone-shaped shell structure with an open upper end, a closed lower end and a smaller closed lower end than the open upper end, the closed lower end of the centrifugal shell 3314 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the top end of the centrifugal shaft 3312, the closed lower end of the centrifugal shell 3314 is further provided with a through hole penetrating through the axial thickness of the centrifugal shell 3314, the through hole is communicated with the open upper end of the transport cylinder 3312, the open upper end of the centrifugal shell 3314 is positioned right above the open upper end of the isolation housing 323, the open upper end of the isolation housing 323 is close to the outer circumferential surface of the centrifugal shell 3314, and an air inlet area is an area between the open upper end and the outer circumferential surface.
The wall of the centrifugal housing 3314 is provided with a plurality of groups of traction plates 3316 extending in a direction parallel to the inclined direction of the outer circular surface of the centrifugal housing 3314, and the traction plates 3316 are arranged in an array along the circumferential direction of the centrifugal housing 3314.
The packing auger 3317 is coaxially and movably mounted in the transport housing 3312 and is rotatable about its own axis, and the bottom end of the packing auger 3317 passes through the lower closed end of the transport housing 3312 and is located just below the transport housing 3312, and the top end of the packing auger 3317 passes through the upper open end of the transport housing 3312 and is located in the centrifuge housing 3314.
The seeds are conveyed into the feeding shell 3311 by the conveying component 2113 and guided by the inclined cavity wall of the feeding shell 3311 to slide down into the conveying cylinder 3312, meanwhile, the power motor 310 pulls the screw 3317 to rotate at a low speed and the centrifugal shaft 3313 to rotate at a high speed by the power connecting member 3330, the screw 3317 rotates and pulls the seeds into the centrifugal housing 3314, the centrifugal shaft 3313 rotates and pulls the fan 3315 and the centrifugal housing 3314 to rotate at a high speed synchronously, the centrifugal housing 3314 rotates at a high speed and leads the seeds to be thrown out into the dust-removing shell 320 by the pulling plate 3316 and finally fall into the seed guiding member 3320 by the centrifugal throwing principle, in the seed throwing-out process, wind generated by the rotation of the fan 3315 blows towards the seeds through the wind inlet area, so that impurities such as crushed rice leaf dust in the seeds can be blown out by wind through the fixed end cap 321 and the dust exhaust pipe 322.
The first power connecting component 3330 comprises a vertical shaft 3334, the vertical shaft 3334 is vertically movably mounted on the main frame and can rotate around the axial direction of the vertical shaft 3334, a first power connecting component 3331 is arranged between the power output end of the power motor 310 and the centrifugal shaft 3313, and power connection and transmission are carried out between the centrifugal shaft 3313 and the vertical shaft 3334 through the first power connecting component 3331, a second power connecting component 3332 is arranged between the centrifugal shaft 3313 and the vertical shaft 3334, power connection and transmission are carried out between the centrifugal shaft 3313 and the vertical shaft 3332 through the second power connecting component 3332, a third power connecting component 3333 is arranged between the vertical shaft 3334 and the bottom end of the screw conveyer 3317, and power connection and transmission are carried out between the vertical shaft 3333 through the third power connecting component 3333.
The power motor 310 runs and pulls the centrifugal shaft 3313 to rotate at a high speed through the power connection assembly I3331, the centrifugal shaft 3313 rotates and pulls the auger 3317 to rotate at a low speed through the power connection assembly II 3332, the vertical shaft 3334 and the power connection assembly III 3333.
The seed guide member 3320 comprises a sealing plate 3321 and a rotating ring 3323, the rotating ring 3323 comprises an inner ring and an outer ring, the inner ring is coaxially fixed outside the isolation housing 323, the lower end surface of the inner ring is positioned below the lower opening end of the isolation housing 323, the outer ring is coaxially arranged outside the inner ring in a surrounding manner, a push plate 3324 is arranged between the outer ring and the inner ring, the outer ring and the inner ring are fixedly connected through the push plate 3324, and the push plate 3324 is arranged in a plurality of groups along the circumferential direction of the inner ring in an array manner.
The sealing plate 3321 is a circular plate structure coaxially arranged with the dust removing shell 320, the sealing plate 3321 is arranged between the lower end face of the inner ring and the wall of the dust removing shell 320 and is used for sealing an area between the lower end face and the wall of the dust removing shell 320, a discharge cylinder 3322 is vertically arranged on the lower end face of the part of the sealing plate 3321 right above the seed storage shell 340, and the discharge cylinder 3322 is communicated with the inner cavity of the dust removing shell 320.
The seed finally drops to the closing plate 3321 in the high-speed centrifugation of rotating of centrifugal shell 3314 throws out to the dust removal casing 320 on, simultaneously, power motor 310 pulls the circle 3323 through two 3340 power connecting members and rotates, and circle 3323 rotates and pulls the synchronous rotation of seed through push plate 3324, and when the seed rotated to play feed cylinder 3322 position, the seed can be through going out feed cylinder 3322 and drop to the seed and storing in the shell 340 downwards.
The inner ring of the sealing plate 3321 is extended with a supporting plate facing the axial center line direction of the dust removing housing 320, and the second power connecting member 3340 comprises a gear shaft which is vertically and movably arranged on the supporting plate and can rotate around the axial direction of the gear shaft.
Power motor 310 power take off end and gear shaft between be provided with power coupling assembling four 3341 and carry out the power connection transmission through power coupling assembling four 3341 between the two, be provided with power coupling assembling five 3342 between gear shaft and the circle 3323 and carry out the power connection transmission through power coupling assembling five 3342 between the two, it is specific, power coupling assembling four 3341 is the belt transmission structure, power coupling assembling five 3342 is the gear ring transmission structure.
The complete operation process of the seed dust removing device 300 is specifically as follows:
the seeds are transported into the feed housing 3311 by the transport assembly 2113 and are guided by the sloped chamber walls of the feed housing 3311 to slide down into the transport housing 3312;
the power motor 310 pulls the packing auger 3317 to rotate at a low speed and the centrifugal shaft 3313 to rotate at a high speed through the power connection member I3330, the packing auger 3317 rotates and pulls the seeds into the centrifugal housing 3314, the centrifugal shaft 3313 rotates and pulls the fan 3315 and the centrifugal housing 3314 to rotate at a high speed synchronously, the centrifugal housing 3314 rotates at a high speed and leads the seeds to be thrown out into the dust removing housing 320 through the pulling plate 3316 and finally fall onto the sealing plate 3321 according to the centrifugal throwing principle, in the seed throwing process, wind generated by the rotation of the fan 3315 blows towards the seeds through an air inlet area, so that impurities such as broken rice leaf dust in the seeds can be blown out through the fixed end cover 321 and the dust exhaust pipeline 322 by wind;
the power motor 310 pulls the rotary ring 3323 to rotate through the second power connecting member 3340, the rotary ring 3323 rotates and pulls the seeds to synchronously rotate through the pushing plate 3324, and when the seeds rotate to the position of the discharging cylinder 3322, the seeds can fall downwards into the seed storage shell 340 through the discharging cylinder 3322.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, various modifications and decorations can be made without departing from the technical principle of the present invention, and these modifications and decorations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The separating mechanism is characterized by comprising an advancing vehicle body (100) and a seed dust removal device (300) arranged on the advancing vehicle body (100), wherein the advancing vehicle body (100) is manually operated by a user and performs linear advancing, retreating, steering and other actions, and the seed dust removal device (300) is used for receiving seeds and removing impurities such as broken rice leaves or dust from the seeds;
the travelling vehicle body (100) comprises a chassis (110), a travelling mechanism (120) and a driving mechanism (130), wherein the chassis (110) is of a horizontally arranged rectangular plate structure, the travelling mechanism (120) and the driving mechanism (130) are both arranged on the chassis (110), the travelling mechanism (120) is used for being manually controlled by a user and performing linear advancing, retreating, steering and other actions, and the driving mechanism (130) is used for providing power for the travelling mechanism (120) to run;
seed dust collector (300) including the stake body, motor power (310), dust removal casing (320), seed dust removal mechanism (330), seed storage case (340), stake body fixed mounting is in the up end of chassis (110), seed storage case (340) fixed mounting is upper end opening in the up end of chassis (110) and seed storage case (340), lower extreme confined rectangle shell structure, seed dust removal mechanism (330) are used for receiving the seed and carry out impurity separation such as garrulous rice leaf dust to the seed, seed storage case (340) are used for receiving the seed after the dust removal, motor power (310) are used for providing power for seed dust removal mechanism (330) operation.
2. The separating mechanism for efficiently removing impurities from tedded/dried and dehydrated seeds as claimed in claim 1, wherein the advancing mechanism (120) comprises four groups of advancing members which are respectively positioned at four corners of the chassis (110);
the travelling component comprises a steering shaft (121), an axle (123) and a tire (124), the steering shaft (121) is vertically and movably mounted on the chassis (110) and can axially rotate around the steering shaft, the top end of the steering shaft (121) is positioned above the chassis (110), the bottom end of the steering shaft (121) penetrates through the chassis (110) and is positioned below the chassis (110), and a movable support (122) is fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the steering shaft (121);
the axle (123) is horizontally and movably arranged on the movable support (122) and can rotate around the axial direction of the axle, and the tire (124) is coaxially fixed outside the axle (123);
the travelling component further comprises a driving shaft (125) and an intermediate shaft (126), an installation hole penetrating through the axial thickness of the steering shaft (121) is formed in the end face of the steering shaft (121), the driving shaft (125) is coaxially and movably installed in the installation hole through a bearing, the top end of the driving shaft (125) is located above the top end of the steering shaft (121), the bottom end of the driving shaft (125) is located below the bottom end of the steering shaft (121), the axial direction of the intermediate shaft (126) is parallel to the axial direction of the axle (123), the intermediate shaft (126) is located between the axle (123) and the bottom end of the driving shaft (125), and the intermediate shaft (126) is movably installed on the movable support (122) and can rotate around;
a first power transmission assembly (127) is arranged between the bottom end of the driving shaft (125) and the intermediate shaft (126) and is in power connection transmission through the first power transmission assembly (127), and the first power transmission assembly (127) is in a bevel gear transmission structure;
a second power transmission assembly (128) is arranged between the intermediate shaft (126) and the axle (123) and is in power connection transmission through the second power transmission assembly (128), the second power transmission assembly (128) is of a belt transmission structure, and the second power transmission assembly (128) is provided with two groups and is respectively positioned at one end of the axle (123).
3. The separating mechanism for efficiently removing impurities from tedded/dried and dehydrated seeds as claimed in claim 2, wherein the driving mechanism (130) comprises a driving motor (131) and a steering motor (133), the driving motor (131) and the steering motor (133) are vertically and fixedly mounted on the lower end surface of the chassis (110), and the power output ends of the driving motor (131) and the steering motor (133) penetrate through the chassis (110) and are positioned above the chassis (110);
a first power transmission component (132) is arranged between the power output end of the driving motor (131) and the top ends of the driving shafts (125) of the four groups of travelling components, and power is connected and transmitted between the first power transmission component (132) and the fifth power transmission component through the first power transmission component (132), wherein the first power transmission component (132) is of a belt transmission structure;
and a second power transmission component (134) is arranged between the power output end of the steering motor (133) and the top ends of the steering shafts (121) of the four groups of travelling components, the five power transmission components are connected and transmitted through the second power transmission component (134), and the second power transmission component (134) is in a belt transmission structure.
4. The separating mechanism for efficiently removing the impurities from the seeds subjected to tedding/drying and dewatering as claimed in claim 2, wherein the dust removing shell (320) is of a cylindrical shell structure with openings at the upper and lower ends, the dust removing shell (320) is fixedly mounted on the support body, a fixed end cover (321) is arranged at the upper opening end of the dust removing shell (320), the fixed end cover (321) is of a circular truncated cone-shaped shell structure with openings at the upper and lower ends, the opening at the upper end is smaller than the opening at the lower end, the lower opening end of the fixed end cover (321) is coaxially and fixedly connected with the upper opening end of the dust removing shell (320), and the upper opening end of the fixed end cover (321) is connected with the dust removing pipeline (322);
an isolation housing (323) is arranged in the dust removal shell (321), the isolation housing (323) is a circular shell structure which is coaxially arranged with the dust removal shell (321) and has openings at the upper end and the lower end, a support frame is arranged between the outer circular surface of the isolation housing (323) and the inner wall of the dust removal shell (321), and the isolation housing (323) is coaxially and fixedly arranged in the dust removal shell (321) through the support frame;
the axial direction of the output shaft of the power motor (310) is vertical to the ground, and the power motor (310) is arranged on the chassis (110).
5. The mechanism of claim 4 for efficiently removing impurities from the tedded/dried and dehydrated seeds, the seed dust removing mechanism (330) is characterized by comprising a transportation dust removing component (3310), a seed guiding component (3320), a first power connecting component (3330) and a second power connecting component (3340), wherein the transportation dust removing component (3310) is used for receiving seeds, conveying the seeds into the seed guiding component (3320) and performing dust removing treatment on the seeds in the seed conveying process, the seed guiding component (3320) is used for receiving the seeds after dust removal and conveying the seeds into a seed storage shell (340), the first power connecting component (3330) is used for power connection between the transportation dust removing component (3310) and a power motor (310), and the second power connecting component (3340) is used for power connection between the seed guiding component (3320) and the power motor (310);
the conveying dedusting component (3310) comprises a feeding shell (3311), a conveying cylinder shell (3312), a centrifugal component, a fan (3315) and a packing auger (3317), wherein the conveying cylinder shell (3312) is a cylindrical shell structure which is axially vertical to the ground, the lower end of the conveying cylinder shell is closed, the upper end of the conveying cylinder shell is opened, the conveying cylinder shell (3312) is fixedly arranged on the support body, and the upper opening end of the conveying cylinder shell (3312) is coaxially positioned in the isolation housing (323);
the feeding shell (3311) is of a shell structure with openings at the upper end and the lower end, the feeding shell (3311) is fixedly arranged on the support body, the upper opening end of the feeding shell (3311) is used for receiving seeds, the lower opening end of the feeding shell (3311) is communicated with the transportation cylinder shell (3312), the connection part between the lower opening end of the feeding shell (3311) and the transportation cylinder shell (3312) is close to the lower closed end of the transportation cylinder shell (3312), the cavity wall of the feeding shell (3311) is obliquely arranged, and the oblique cavity wall in the feeding shell (3311) is used for guiding the seeds to the transportation cylinder shell (3312);
the centrifugal component comprises a centrifugal shaft (3312) and a centrifugal shell (3314), the centrifugal shaft (3312) is of an annular shaft structure, the centrifugal shaft (3312) is coaxially arranged outside the conveying cylinder shell (3312) through a bearing, the top end of the centrifugal shaft (3312) and the upper opening end of the conveying cylinder shell (3312) are positioned in the same horizontal plane, and the fan (3315) is coaxially fixed outside the centrifugal shaft (3312);
the centrifugal shell (3314) is of a truncated cone-shaped shell structure with an open upper end and a closed lower end, the size of the closed lower end is smaller than that of the open upper end, the closed lower end of the centrifugal shell (3314) is coaxially and fixedly connected with the top end of the centrifugal shaft (3312), the closed lower end of the centrifugal shell (3314) is also provided with a through hole penetrating through the axial thickness of the centrifugal shell, the through hole is communicated with the open upper end of the transport cylinder shell (3312), the open upper end of the centrifugal shell (3314) is positioned right above the open upper end of the isolation housing (323), the open upper end of the isolation housing (323) is close to the outer circular surface of the centrifugal shell (3314), and an air inlet area is an area between the open upper end and the outer circular;
the wall of the centrifugal shell (3314) is provided with a traction plate (3316) with the extending direction parallel to the inclined direction of the outer circle surface of the centrifugal shell (3314), and the traction plate (3316) is provided with a plurality of groups along the circumferential direction array of the centrifugal shell (3314);
the coaxial movable mounting of auger (3317) in transport shell (3312) and can rotate around self axial to the bottom of auger (3317) passes transport shell (3312) lower blind end and is located transport shell (3312) under, the top of auger (3317) passes transport shell (3312) upper end open end and is located centrifugal shell (3314).
6. The separating mechanism for efficiently removing impurities from the tedded/dried and dehydrated seeds according to claim 5, the power connecting component I (3330) is characterized by comprising a vertical shaft (3334), wherein the vertical shaft (3334) is vertically movably mounted on a main frame body and can rotate around the axial direction of the vertical shaft, a power connecting component I (3331) is arranged between the power output end of a power motor (310) and a centrifugal shaft (3313) and is in power connection and transmission through the power connecting component I (3331), a power connecting component II (3332) is arranged between the centrifugal shaft (3313) and the vertical shaft (3334) and is in power connection and transmission through the power connecting component II (3332), a power connecting component III (3333) is arranged between the vertical shaft (3334) and the bottom end of an auger (3317) and is in power connection and transmission through the power connecting component III (3333);
the first power connecting assembly (3331) is of a belt transmission structure, the second power connecting assembly (3332) is of a straight gear transmission structure, and the third power connecting assembly (3333) is of a speed reducing belt transmission structure.
7. The mechanism of claim 5, wherein the seed guide member (3320) comprises a sealing plate (3321) and a rotating ring (3323), the rotating ring (3323) comprises an inner ring and an outer ring, the inner ring is coaxially fixed outside the isolation housing (323) and the lower end surface of the inner ring is located below the lower opening end of the isolation housing (323), the outer ring is coaxially arranged outside the inner ring in a surrounding manner, a push plate (3324) is arranged between the outer ring and the inner ring and fixedly connected with the outer ring and the inner ring through the push plate (3324), and the push plate (3324) is arranged in a plurality of groups along the circumferential direction of the inner ring;
the sealing plate (3321) is a circular plate body structure coaxially arranged with the dust removal shell (320), the sealing plate (3321) is arranged between the lower end face of the inner ring and the wall of the dust removal shell (320) and is used for sealing an area between the lower end face and the wall of the dust removal shell (320), a discharge barrel (3322) is vertically arranged on the lower end face of the part of the sealing plate (3321) right above the seed storage shell (340), and the discharge barrel (3322) is communicated with the inner cavity of the dust removal shell (320).
8. The separating mechanism for efficiently removing impurities from tedded/dried and dehydrated seeds as claimed in claim 7, wherein the inner ring of the sealing plate (3321) has a supporting plate extending towards the axial center line of the dust removing housing (320), and the second power connecting member (3340) comprises a gear shaft vertically movably mounted on the supporting plate and capable of rotating around itself axially;
power motor (310) power take off end and gear shaft between be provided with power coupling assembling four (3341) and carry out the power connection transmission through power coupling assembling four (3341) between the two, be provided with power coupling assembling five (3342) between gear shaft and circle (3323) and carry out the power connection transmission through power coupling assembling five (3342) between the two, power coupling assembling four (3341) is the belt transmission structure, power coupling assembling five (3342) is gear ring transmission structure.
CN202010114741.8A 2020-02-25 2020-02-25 Separating mechanism for efficiently removing impurities from seeds subjected to tedding/drying dehydration Pending CN111301944A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103749964A (en) * 2013-05-21 2014-04-30 东北林业大学 Full-automatic collection, smashing and compact forming combination machine for field waste crop straws
CN104785445A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-22 福建南方路面机械有限公司 Centrifugal aggregate powder removing device and method
JP2016053315A (en) * 2014-09-03 2016-04-14 日立アプライアンス株式会社 Centrifugal fan, electric blower and vacuum cleaner using the same
CN107878594A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-04-06 常州市知豆信息科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent workshop is tracked robot with multi-functional indoor navigation
CN109261524A (en) * 2018-11-06 2019-01-25 杨智超 One kind is convenient for going deimpurity cereal classification separation machinery equipment
CN209195745U (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-08-02 江西省保捷通风设备有限公司 A kind of multi-filtering formula centrifugal fan

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103749964A (en) * 2013-05-21 2014-04-30 东北林业大学 Full-automatic collection, smashing and compact forming combination machine for field waste crop straws
JP2016053315A (en) * 2014-09-03 2016-04-14 日立アプライアンス株式会社 Centrifugal fan, electric blower and vacuum cleaner using the same
CN104785445A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-22 福建南方路面机械有限公司 Centrifugal aggregate powder removing device and method
CN107878594A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-04-06 常州市知豆信息科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent workshop is tracked robot with multi-functional indoor navigation
CN109261524A (en) * 2018-11-06 2019-01-25 杨智超 One kind is convenient for going deimpurity cereal classification separation machinery equipment
CN209195745U (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-08-02 江西省保捷通风设备有限公司 A kind of multi-filtering formula centrifugal fan

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