CN111283911A - Sponge recovery device - Google Patents

Sponge recovery device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111283911A
CN111283911A CN202010185499.3A CN202010185499A CN111283911A CN 111283911 A CN111283911 A CN 111283911A CN 202010185499 A CN202010185499 A CN 202010185499A CN 111283911 A CN111283911 A CN 111283911A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sponge
plate
shaped
smashing
cleaning
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Withdrawn
Application number
CN202010185499.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
方文韬
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202010185499.3A priority Critical patent/CN111283911A/en
Publication of CN111283911A publication Critical patent/CN111283911A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/04Disintegrating plastics, e.g. by milling
    • B29B17/0412Disintegrating plastics, e.g. by milling to large particles, e.g. beads, granules, flakes, slices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B2017/001Pretreating the materials before recovery
    • B29B2017/0015Washing, rinsing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/04Disintegrating plastics, e.g. by milling
    • B29B2017/0416Cooling the plastics before disintegration, e.g. freezing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/04Disintegrating plastics, e.g. by milling
    • B29B2017/0424Specific disintegrating techniques; devices therefor
    • B29B2017/0476Cutting or tearing members, e.g. spiked or toothed cylinders or intermeshing rollers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/52Mechanical processing of waste for the recovery of materials, e.g. crushing, shredding, separation or disassembly
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

The invention discloses a sponge recovery device which comprises a cleaning device for cleaning sponge, a freezing device for freezing and absorbing water of sponge, a smashing device for smashing the frozen sponge, a separating device for melting the frozen sponge and a collecting device for collecting the sponge. According to the invention, through the arrangement of the cleaning device, the sponge can be cleaned, impurities such as dust and the like can be separated, and meanwhile, a certain amount of water can be absorbed by the cleaned sponge; through the setting of refrigerating plant, because the sponge after the washing contains a certain amount of water, refrigerating plant can freeze into ice to the sponge after the washing, and the hardness of increase sponge when smashing reduces the deformation that crushing process produced, makes the sponge volume after smashing more even.

Description

Sponge recovery device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of sponge processing, and particularly relates to a sponge recovery device.
Background
Sponges, which are porous materials, have good water absorption and can be used to clean articles. The common sponge is made of wood cellulose fiber or foamed plastic polymer, but the existing sponge can generate a large amount of leftover materials, defective products and oxidation-aged sponge in the processing process, the sponge can contain a certain amount of dust and other impurities in the recovery process, dust is easy to raise in the cutting process, and the flexible sponge is inconvenient in the cutting process.
Disclosure of Invention
The sponge recovery device provided by the invention can be used for overcoming the defects of the prior art and is convenient to clean and cut sponge.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: a sponge recovery device comprises a cleaning device for cleaning sponge, a freezing device for freezing and absorbing water sponge, a crushing device for crushing the frozen sponge, a separating device for melting the frozen sponge and a collecting device for collecting the sponge, wherein the cleaning device comprises a cleaning pool, a feed inlet arranged above the cleaning pool, a water supply pipe arranged below the feed inlet, a cleaning basket rotatably arranged in the cleaning pool, a driving piece arranged above the cleaning basket and a drain pipe arranged at the bottom of the cleaning pool; the cleaning basket comprises a basket body, a movable plate arranged in the basket body, a first rebounding component arranged below the movable plate, a plurality of strip-shaped through holes arranged on the side wall of the basket body, and a stop lever fixedly arranged on the movable plate and matched with the strip-shaped through holes for use; the driving part comprises a first air cylinder, a connecting plate fixedly connected to the first air cylinder, a motor fixedly arranged on the connecting plate, and a first pressing plate connected with an output shaft of the motor and matched with the movable plate; through the arrangement of the cleaning device, the sponge put into the cleaning device can be cleaned, so that the sponge can be sufficiently cleaned, impurities such as dust and the like can be separated, and meanwhile, the cleaned sponge absorbs a certain amount of water; due to the arrangement of the freezing device, the cleaned sponge contains a certain amount of water, so that the freezing device can freeze the cleaned sponge into ice, the hardness of the sponge during crushing is increased, the deformation generated in the crushing process is reduced, and the volume of the crushed sponge is more uniform; the ice cake breaking device can break the frozen ice cake, and can reduce the temperature in the breaking process due to the low temperature of the ice to prevent the sponge from being deformed at high temperature; through the arrangement of the separation device, ice blocks with smaller volume in the broken sponge can be melted, a small amount of ice in the sponge is melted into water to be discharged, and the sponge can be primarily dried; the collecting device can collect the sponges with small volume; the sponge to be recycled is thrown into the cleaning basket from the feeding hole and falls onto the movable plate, the first pressing plate can tightly press the sponge on the movable plate, so that the sponge can absorb water more quickly, the first cylinder can control the lifting of the first pressing plate and can extrude the sponge on the movable plate for multiple times, so that the sponge absorbs water for multiple times and is dehydrated, water introduced from the water supply pipe enters the sponge for multiple times, the sponge absorbs more clean water, the cleaning effect is improved, and the sponge is cleaned more thoroughly; the motor can drive the cleaning basket to rotate through the first pressing plate, so that water in the sponge is quickly drained, the movable plate and the sponge tightly pressed on the movable plate can be rebounded by the first rebounding part, certain vibration is generated on the movable plate and the sponge on the movable plate, certain vibration is generated in the rotating process, and the cleaning efficiency of the sponge can be improved; the baffle can lift in the strip-shaped through hole and shield the upper half part of the strip-shaped through hole, so that cleaned sewage is prevented from entering the sponge, and the strip-shaped through hole at the lower half part is opened, so that the cleaned sewage can be conveniently discharged; the drain pipe can in time discharge the sewage in the washing pond, avoids washing the inside secondary pollution that has too much waste water and cause the sponge of pond.
Preferably, the first pressing plate is provided with a plurality of first through holes, the movable plate is provided with a plurality of second through holes, and the bottom of the basket body is provided with a plurality of ejector rods matched with the second through holes; through the arrangement of the first through hole, water introduced into the water supply pipe can temporarily stay on the first pressing plate, the water can be introduced into the sponge, and the problem that the sponge cannot normally absorb water when rebounding is avoided; through the arrangement of the second through hole, sewage discharged from the sponge can be led out in time, and secondary pollution of the sponge is avoided; the setting of ejector pin can be cleared up the accumulational impurity in the second through-hole, avoids the jam of second through-hole, makes sponge dehydration process normally go on.
Preferably, the first resilient component comprises a first sleeve, a first spring arranged in the first sleeve and a first connecting rod connected with the first spring, and the first connecting rod and the first sleeve are respectively connected with the movable plate and the bottom wall of the basket body; through the setting of first resilience part, can make the fly leaf and the sponge on it can go up and down, make the ejector pin can be better stretch into the second through-hole in, avoid the jam of second through-hole, the first spring can make its shrink through the head rod when compressing tightly, when first clamp plate rises, the first spring can kick-back to make the fly leaf and the sponge vibration on it through first connecting rod, improve the cleaning efficiency.
Preferably, the basket body is further provided with a strip-shaped groove, and the first pressing plate is provided with a clamping plate in rotation stopping fit with the strip-shaped groove; the cardboard can drive the basket and rotate in can inserting the bar groove, makes the sponge in the basket can then rotate, makes to rotate more harmoniously.
Preferably, the refrigerating device comprises a refrigerating machine, four second cylinders respectively arranged at two sides of the refrigerating machine, support rods connected with the second cylinders, a placing part arranged between the four support rods and a conveying part, wherein the placing part comprises an outer frame body, support rods fixedly arranged between the two opposite support rods, a fixed plate and a plurality of limiting blocks respectively fixedly arranged on two opposite inner walls of the outer frame body, a sliding plate arranged between the fixed plate and the limiting blocks, two first arc plates fixedly arranged at one end of the sliding plate, two second arc plates fixedly arranged on the support rods and matched with the first arc plates, V-shaped plates respectively hinged on the fixed plate and the sliding plate and an L-shaped plate arranged between the two opposite V-shaped plates; in the freezing process, the sponge can be placed on the L-shaped plate, the water-absorbing sponge nearby can be frozen through the arrangement of the refrigerator, the sponge after water absorption is made to be ice blocks, the second cylinder can drive the water-absorbing sponge on the placing part to move nearby the refrigerator through the supporting rod, the outer frame body can rotate at a certain angle relative to the supporting plate through the arrangement of the supporting rod, the inclined outer frame body can facilitate the derivation of the frozen sponge, the sliding plate is arranged between the fixed plate and the limiting block, the sliding plate can drive the L-shaped plate to make certain angular deviation through the V-shaped plate when sliding, the corner of the L-shaped plate protrudes relative to the outer frame body, the frozen sponge is better separated, the second arc plate is fixed on the supporting rod, the inclined outer frame body can enable the first arc plate to be in contact with the second arc plate, and the second arc plate can push the sliding plate to move against the first arc plate, and the L-shaped plate on the sponge holder is driven to rotate, so that the frozen sponge can be better separated from the L-shaped plate.
Preferably, the smashing device comprises a smashing box, two smashing rollers which are arranged in the smashing box and rotate oppositely, a delivery pipe arranged at the bottom of the smashing box and an inclined plate arranged on the smashing box; the other end of the inclined plate is arranged on the side wall of the cleaning pool, and the inclined plate is arranged downwards towards one side where the crushing box is located; through the setting of crushing case, can smash the freezing sponge that gets into wherein, the freezing sponge that derives on the receipt L shaped plate that the setting of swash plate can be better, freezing sponge is smashed through two pivoted crushing rollers in opposite directions, the freezing sponge after smashing can become a plurality of that the volume is less, because crushing roller can produce certain heat when rotating, freezing sponge can absorb heat wherein heat, and make partial freezing sponge melt, the eduction tube is arranged in discharging the less freezing sponge of volume and the part that melts to separator.
Preferably, the separating device comprises a separating box, a third air cylinder arranged in the separating box, a second pressing plate arranged on the third air cylinder, a plurality of guide grooves arranged on the outer ring of the second pressing plate, a plurality of guide plates arranged in the guide grooves along the vertical direction, a plurality of third through holes arranged on the guide plates, a plurality of second springback components arranged on the second pressing plate in an end-to-end manner and a heating component; the second springback component comprises a second sleeve arranged between the two guide grooves, a second connecting rod arranged on the second sleeve in a sliding manner, a second spring sleeved on the second connecting rod, and an annular frame plate arranged on the second connecting rod and matched with the guide plate; the heating part comprises an air heater and a heating pipe connected with the air heater; the heating pipe is spirally arranged on the outer sides of the guide plates; through the arrangement of the separation box, the crushed frozen sponge can be melted, hot air can be generated by the hot air, the crushed frozen sponge is heated and melted by the hot air through the heating pipe, water generated by melting can be discharged through the third through hole, primary dehydration is realized, the third air cylinder can extrude the sponge melted on the third air cylinder through the second pressing plate, the water in the sponge can be extruded and discharged through the third through hole, secondary dehydration is realized, and the guide plate and the guide groove can limit the sponge and prevent the sponge from being separated; the sponge can be prevented from being excessively accumulated by the annular frame plates, the melting efficiency of the sponge is improved, the sponge is more conveniently led out, and the spiral heating pipe enables the freezing sponge to be more uniformly melted.
Preferably, the collecting device comprises a collecting box, two C-shaped grooves which are arranged on the separating box and are positioned at two sides of the guide pipe, a C-shaped cover plate movably arranged in the C-shaped grooves, an air guide channel which is arranged at the bottom wall of the collecting box and is communicated with the heating pipe, an air storage cavity arranged in the side wall of the collecting box, a plurality of air guide holes which are communicated with the air storage cavity and the interior of the collecting box, and a discharge hole; through the setting of collecting box, can collect the sponge after the wringing, C shape apron is articulated at C shape inslot portion, the third cylinder is excessive sponge when the extrusion sponge can push open C shape apron and get into the collecting box through the C shape groove in, air guide channel and heating pipe intercommunication, can carry out reuse to the heat for abundant absorption, the air storage chamber can be collected the leading-in gas of air guide channel, the air guide hole can blow off the inside gas in air storage chamber, and weather the sponge, realize the tertiary dehydration, the discharge of the sponge after the discharge gate is convenient for dry, reach and collect the sponge, and to the purpose of waste heat reuse in the heating pipe.
In conclusion, the sponge cleaning device disclosed by the invention utilizes the principles of water absorption expansion and freezing of the sponge, and the sponge put into the device can be cleaned through the arrangement of the cleaning device, so that the sponge can be sufficiently cleaned, impurities such as dust and the like can be separated, and meanwhile, the cleaned sponge absorbs a certain amount of water; through the setting of refrigerating plant, because the sponge after the washing contains a certain amount of water, refrigerating plant can freeze into ice to the sponge after the washing, and the hardness of increase sponge when smashing reduces the deformation that crushing process produced, makes the sponge volume after smashing more even.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a left side view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken at a-a in fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged view at B in fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is an enlarged view at C in fig. 3.
Fig. 7 is a top view of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view at B-B in fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is an enlarged view at D in fig. 8.
Fig. 10 is a cross-sectional view at C-C in fig. 7.
Fig. 11 is an enlarged view at E in fig. 10.
Fig. 12 is a cross-sectional view taken at D-D in fig. 7.
Fig. 13 is an enlarged view at F in fig. 12.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1-13, a sponge recycling device comprises a cleaning device for cleaning sponge, a freezing device for freezing and absorbing water, a crushing device for crushing frozen sponge, a separating device for melting frozen sponge and a collecting device for collecting sponge, wherein the cleaning device comprises a cleaning pool 11, a feed inlet 12 arranged above the cleaning pool 11, a water supply pipe 13 arranged below the feed inlet 12, a cleaning basket rotatably arranged in the cleaning pool 11, a driving member arranged above the cleaning basket and a drain pipe 16 arranged at the bottom of the cleaning pool 11; the cleaning basket comprises a basket body 141, a movable plate 142 arranged in the basket body 141, a first rebounding component arranged below the movable plate 142, a plurality of strip-shaped through holes 144 arranged on the side wall of the basket body 141, and a blocking rod 145 which is fixedly arranged on the movable plate 142 and is matched with the strip-shaped through holes 144; the driving part comprises a first air cylinder 151, a connecting plate 152 fixedly connected to the first air cylinder 151, a motor 153 fixedly arranged on the connecting plate 152, and a first pressing plate 154 connected with an output shaft of the motor 153 and matched with the movable plate 142 for use, when the sponge cleaning device is used, sponge to be treated is put into the cleaning basket from the feeding port 12 and falls onto the movable plate 142, clean water is continuously fed into the cleaning basket through a water supply pipe 13, then the first air cylinder 151 is controlled to extend, the sponge on the movable plate 142 is pressed by the first pressing plate 154, the motor 153 is controlled to drive the first pressing plate 154 to rotate, the cleaning basket can be driven by the first pressing plate 154 to rotate, the sponge on the movable plate 142 is always in a centrifugal state, the cleaning effect is improved, due to continuous introduction of water, when the first air cylinder 151 contracts, the pressed sponge can quickly rebound and absorb water, at the moment, the first rebound part can enable the movable plate 142 and the sponge on the movable plate to generate, improve cleaning efficiency, it is long to control first cylinder 151 again before first clamp plate 154 moves the washing basket top, make first clamp plate 154 dewater the sponge after absorbing, the water in the sponge can take impurity to discharge from the sponge this moment, so circulate many times, impurity in making the sponge carries out thorough discharge, stop the water supply of delivery pipe 13 after the sponge sanitization, and shrink through first cylinder 151 and make first clamp plate 154 rise, a certain amount of water can be stayed to the inside of sponge this moment.
Specifically, a plurality of first through holes 1541 are disposed on the first pressing plate 154, a plurality of second through holes 1421 are disposed on the movable plate 142, and a plurality of lift pins 1411 used in cooperation with the second through holes 1421 are disposed at the bottom of the basket 141; after the first pressing plate 154 enters the cleaning basket, water guided by the water supply pipe 13 can enter the sponge through the first through hole 1541, so that the problem that the sponge cannot normally absorb water and sewage enters is avoided, when the first pressing plate 154 rises, water on the first pressing plate 154 can rapidly enter the sponge through the first through hole 1541, so that the sponge can rapidly absorb water, when the sponge is tightly pressed, as the upper part of the strip-shaped through hole 144 is blocked by the blocking rod 145, sewage containing impurities in the sponge can only be led out through the second through hole 1421, so that secondary pollution caused by the sewage entering the sponge is avoided, the first through hole 1541 and the second through hole 1421 are both arranged, so that the water can be rapidly guided in and led out, when the first pressing plate 154 descends, the movable plate 142 can move downwards, at the moment, the ejector rod 1411 can extend into the second through hole 1421, so that impurities accumulated in the second through hole 1421 can be dredged, and the blockage of the second through hole 1421 can be avoided, the cleaning process of the sponge is stably carried out.
Specifically, the first resilient member includes a first sleeve 1431, a first spring 1432 disposed in the first sleeve 1431, and a first connecting rod 1433 connected to the first spring 1432, where the first connecting rod 1433 and the first sleeve 1431 are connected to the bottom walls of the movable plate 142 and the basket 141, respectively; when the first cylinder 151 extends, the first pressing plate 154 can push the movable plate 142 to contract the spring, so that the part of the first connecting rod 1433 enters the first sleeve 1431, when the first pressing plate 154 is separated from the movable plate 142, the first spring 1432 can rebound, and the movable plate 142 and the sponge thereon vibrate through the first connecting rod 1433, so that the impurities in the sponge are loosened inside the sponge, and meanwhile, under the action of centrifugal force, the separation of the impurities is more convenient.
Specifically, a strip-shaped groove 1412 is further formed in the basket body 141, and a clamping plate 1542 which is in rotation stopping fit with the strip-shaped groove 1412 is formed in the first pressing plate 154; after the clamping plate 1542 is inserted into the strip-shaped groove 1412, the motor 153 drives the first pressing plate 154 to rotate, so that the basket 141 and the sponge inside the basket can be driven to rotate, and the sponge has certain centrifugal force when rotating, so that impurities can be better separated from the sponge.
Specifically, the refrigerating device comprises a refrigerating machine 21, four second cylinders 22 respectively arranged at two sides of the refrigerating machine 21, support rods 23 connected with the second cylinders 22, a placing part and a conveying part 25 arranged between the four support rods 23, wherein the placing part comprises an outer frame body 241, a support rod 242 fixedly arranged between two opposite support rods 23, a fixed plate 243 and a plurality of limit blocks 244 respectively fixedly arranged on two opposite inner walls of the outer frame body 241, a sliding plate 245 arranged between the fixed plate 243 and the limit blocks 244, two first arc plates 246 fixedly arranged at one end of the sliding plate 245, two second arc plates 247 fixedly arranged on the support rod 242 and matched with the first arc plates 246, V-shaped plates 248 respectively hinged on the fixed plate 243 and the sliding plate 245, and an L-shaped plate 249 arranged between two opposite V-shaped plates 248; the freezer 21 may be a commercially available freezer 21, and the transport element 25 may be an existing robotic arm; before use, the outer frame 241 is controlled to be horizontal by the second cylinder 22, the first arc plate 246 is not contacted with the second arc plate 247, then the absorbent sponge in the frame 141 is conveyed to the plurality of L-shaped plates 249 by the conveying member 25, because the plurality of L-shaped plates 249 are independently arranged and a certain gap is formed between every two adjacent L-shaped plates 249, excessive water absorbed in the sponge can be drained, the waste of energy required by freezing and the inconvenience of cleaning caused by the large water content of the sponge are avoided, after the sponge in the basket body 141 is conveyed, at the same time, the four second air cylinders 22 are controlled to make the sponge on the outer frame 241 and the L-shaped plate 249 move upwards to the vicinity of the refrigerator 21, and the refrigerator 21 is controlled to freeze the sponge after absorbing water, after the sponge is frozen, the two second cylinders 22 opposite to the right side are controlled to extend, so that the outer frame 241 is inclined, and the frozen sponge on the outer frame can be led out more conveniently; when the two second cylinders 22 on the right extend, the outer frame 241 is inclined downward, the support rods 242 are fixed on the support rods 23, the second arc plates 247 are fixed on the support rods 242, when the outer frame 241 is inclined, the first arc plates 246 at one ends of the sliding plates 245 move relative to the second arc plates 247 and are abutted against each other, at this time, the first arc plates 246 are pushed by the second arc plates 247, so that the sliding plates 245 move downward and rightward, when the sliding plates 245 move rightward, the L-shaped plates 249 are driven to rotate at a certain angle through the V-shaped plates 248, corners of the L-shaped plates 249 are protruded relative to the outer frame 241, so that the freezing sponge attached to the L-shaped plates 249 can be bounced off, and the frozen sponge can be prevented from being adhered to the L-shaped plates 249; more specifically, the L-shaped plate 249 is provided with a wedge-shaped portion, so that the volume of the sponge after water absorption is increased after freezing, and the sponge can be opened relative to the wedge-shaped portion, so that the frozen sponge can be separated more conveniently; more specifically, the inclined baffles are symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side of the outer frame body 241, the inclined baffles can block the sponge to a certain extent, and the sponge can be prevented from being separated from the outer frame body 241 and the L-shaped plate 249 in the conveying process, so that the sponge can be effectively frozen; more specifically, the L-shaped plate 249 is provided with a reinforcing rib, so that the problem that the L-shaped plate 249 is broken due to too large stress in the bending process can be solved.
Specifically, the crushing device comprises a crushing box 31, two crushing rollers 32 which are arranged in the crushing box 31 and rotate oppositely, a delivery pipe 33 arranged at the bottom of the crushing box 31 and an inclined plate 34 arranged on the crushing box 31; the other end of swash plate 34 sets up on the lateral wall of wasing pond 11, swash plate 34 sets up towards the one side downward sloping at crushing case 31 place: when the freezing sponge breaks away from L shaped plate 249, swash plate 34 can collect and lead to crushing case 31 in the freezing sponge that breaks away from L shaped plate 249, crushing roller 32 in crushing case 31 can smash frozen sponge, make the sponge after freezing cut apart into a plurality ofly, and impurity in the sponge is sanitized in rinsing pond 11, the problem of raise dust can not appear at the cutting in-process in frozen sponge, and the hardness of the sponge after freezing is higher, difficult deformation takes place at crushing in-process, make the sponge can be more convenient crushing and cutting, the less freezing sponge of volume can be derived through eduction tube 33 after smashing, crushing in-process some frozen sponge can be melted, it is more convenient to make the derivation of sponge.
Specifically, the separating device comprises a separating box 41, a third air cylinder 42 arranged in the separating box 41, a second pressing plate 43 arranged on the third air cylinder 42, a plurality of guide grooves 44 arranged on the outer ring of the second pressing plate 43, a plurality of guide plates 45 arranged in the guide grooves 44 along the vertical direction, a plurality of third through holes 46 arranged on the guide plates 45, a plurality of second springback components arranged on the second pressing plate 43 in an end-to-end manner, and a heating component; the second resilient member includes a second sleeve 471 arranged between the two guide grooves 44, a second connecting rod 472 slidably arranged on the second sleeve 471, a second spring 473 sleeved on the second connecting rod 472, and an annular frame plate 474 arranged on the second connecting rod 472 and used in cooperation with the guide plate 45; the heating part comprises an air heater 481 and a heating pipe 482 connected with the air heater 481; the heating pipe 482 is spirally disposed outside the plurality of guide plates 45; the crushed frozen sponge is guided into the separation box 41 through the delivery pipe 33, and the hot air blower 481 is controlled to supply hot air to the inside of the heating pipe 482, the heat can penetrate through the heating pipe 482 to melt the nearby frozen sponge, water generated in the melting process can be discharged through the third through hole 46, after the frozen sponge on the second pressing plate 43 is melted, the second pressing plate 43 is pushed to move upwards through the third air cylinder 42, so that the sponge on the second pressing plate 43 is extruded to move upwards, the water in the sponge is extruded to separate from the sponge and is led out through the third through hole 46, the annular frame plates 474 can be guided through the guide plate 45, damage caused by uneven stress on the guide plate 45 can be avoided, the second spring 473 can push the second sleeve 471 and the second connecting rod 472 to reset, the distance between two adjacent annular frame plates 474 is the same, so that the stress on the guide plate 45 is relatively uniform in the sponge compression process, avoiding damage.
Specifically, the collecting device comprises a collecting box 51, two C-shaped grooves 52 which are arranged on the separating box 41 and are positioned at two sides of the delivery pipe 33, a C-shaped cover plate 53 which is movably arranged in the C-shaped grooves 52, an air guide channel 54 which is arranged at the bottom wall of the collecting box 51 and is communicated with the heating pipe 482, an air storage cavity 55 which is arranged in the side wall of the collecting box 51, a plurality of air guide holes 56 which are communicated with the air storage cavity 55 and the interior of the collecting box 51, and a discharge hole 57; when the third cylinder 42 presses the second pressing plate 43, the excessive sponge can push the C-shaped cover plate 53 open and is guided into the collecting box 51 through the C-shaped groove 52, meanwhile, the gas with the residual heat in the heating pipe 482 can enter the gas storage cavity 55 through the gas guide channel 54, the gas in the gas storage cavity 55 can be blown out through the gas guide hole 56, and the sponge in the collecting box 51 is dehydrated and dried again, part of the heat can be absorbed by the lead-out pipe 33, so that part of the frozen sponge in the lead-out pipe 33 is primarily melted, the drying efficiency is improved, and the sponge in the collecting box 51 can be discharged through the discharge hole 57; more specifically, the discharge port 57 is provided with a cover plate capable of ventilating, and hot air can take away water vapor in the sponge and lead the water vapor out through the cover plate, so that the water vapor is prevented from accumulating in the collection box 51; more specifically, the collection box 51 is connected with a return pipe, the melted water can be left in the collection box 51, and as the sponge is cleaned, the water in the collection box 51 can be reintroduced into the cleaning tank 11 through the return pipe, so that the waste of water is reduced; more specifically, the air holes 56 are inclined downwards and gradually reduced in diameter, so that the blown air has a certain speed, and the dehydration and drying efficiency of the sponge is improved.
The working principle is as follows: when the sponge cleaning machine is used, firstly, sponge to be recovered is conveyed into a cleaning basket in a cleaning pool 11 from a feeding hole 12, then the first air cylinder 151 pushes the first pressing plate 154 to move downwards, at the moment, the clamping plate 1542 on the first pressing plate 154 can be clamped in the strip-shaped groove 1412, then the first pressing plate 154 is driven by the motor 153 to drive the cleaning basket and the sponge therein to rotate, then the first air cylinder 151 is controlled to lift in the cleaning basket for multiple times, so that the sponge absorbs water and dehydrates for multiple times, meanwhile, the water supply pipe 13 is continuously led into the cleaning basket to supply water to the sponge, so that the water absorbed by the sponge is clean all the time, sewage sequentially passes through the second through hole 1421, the bottom of the strip-shaped groove 1412 and the water discharge pipe 16 to be discharged, the water supply is stopped after the cleaning is finished, the water absorbed by the manipulator is transferred to the L-shaped plate 249 on the outer frame 241, and then the second refrigerator 22, the freezer 21 freezes the sponge, and after freezing, the two second cylinders 22 on the right side are extended, and the frozen sponge is in an inclined state and is more easily conveyed into the crushing box 31 through the inclined plate 34, the two crushing rollers 32 can crush the frozen sponge therein, the crushed frozen sponge is guided into the space between the guide plates 45 of the separation box 41 through the delivery pipe 33, the hot air blower 481 introduces hot air into the heating pipe 482 to melt the sponge entering the separation box 41, then the melted sponge on the second pressing plate 43 is dehydrated through the third air cylinder 42, the C-shaped plate is pushed open after the excessive sponge is dehydrated and is guided into the collection box 51 from the C-shaped groove 52, the hot air which is not fully utilized passes through the air guide channel and the air storage cavity 55 in turn and is discharged from the air guide hole 56, the sponge in the collection tank 51 is dried again and finally discharged from the discharge port 57.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a sponge recovery unit, includes the belt cleaning device that is used for rinsing the sponge, is used for freezing the freezing device of sponge after absorbing water, is used for smashing freezing smashing device, the collection device who is used for melting freezing sponge of sponge after being used for smashing freezing, its characterized in that: the cleaning device comprises a cleaning pool (11), a feed port (12) arranged above the cleaning pool (11), a water supply pipe (13) arranged below the feed port (12), a cleaning basket rotatably arranged in the cleaning pool (11), a driving piece arranged above the cleaning basket and a drain pipe (16) arranged at the bottom of the cleaning pool (11); the cleaning basket comprises a basket body (141), a movable plate (142) arranged in the basket body (141), a first rebounding component arranged below the movable plate (142), a plurality of strip-shaped through holes (144) arranged on the side wall of the basket body (141), and a blocking rod (145) which is fixedly arranged on the movable plate (142) and is matched with the strip-shaped through holes (144); the driving part comprises a first air cylinder (151), a connecting plate (152) fixedly connected to the first air cylinder (151), a motor (153) fixedly arranged on the connecting plate (152), and a first pressing plate (154) which is connected with an output shaft of the motor (153) and is matched with the movable plate (142) for use.
2. The sponge recovery device of claim 1, wherein: the first pressing plate (154) is provided with a plurality of first through holes (1541), the movable plate (142) is provided with a plurality of second through holes (1421), and the bottom of the basket body (141) is provided with a plurality of ejector rods (1411) matched with the second through holes (1421).
3. The sponge recovery device of claim 1, wherein: the first rebounding component comprises a first sleeve (1431), a first spring (1432) arranged in the first sleeve (1431) and a first connecting rod (1433) connected with the first spring (1432), and the first connecting rod (1433) and the first sleeve (1431) are respectively connected with the movable plate (142) and the bottom wall of the basket body (141).
4. The sponge recovery device of claim 1, wherein: the basket body (141) is further provided with a strip-shaped groove (1412), and the first pressing plate (154) is provided with a clamping plate (1542) which is in rotation stopping fit with the strip-shaped groove (1412).
5. The sponge recovery device of claim 1, wherein: the refrigerating device comprises a refrigerating machine (21), four second air cylinders (22) respectively arranged at two sides of the refrigerating machine (21), supporting rods (23) connected with the second air cylinders (22), a placing component and a conveying piece (25) arranged between the four supporting rods (23), the placing component comprises an outer frame body (241), a supporting rod (242) fixedly arranged between two opposite supporting rods (23), a fixed plate (243) and a plurality of limiting blocks (244) fixedly arranged on two opposite inner walls of the outer frame body (241) respectively, a sliding plate (245) arranged between the fixed plate (243) and the limiting blocks (244), two first arc plates (246) fixedly arranged at one end of the sliding plate (245), two second arc plates (247) fixedly arranged on the supporting rod (242) and matched with the first arc plates (246), V-shaped plates (248) respectively hinged on the fixed plate (243) and the sliding plate (245) and L-shaped plates (249) arranged between the two opposite V-shaped plates (248).
6. The sponge recovery device of claim 1, wherein: the smashing device comprises a smashing box (31), two smashing rollers (32) which are arranged in the smashing box (31) and rotate oppositely, a delivery pipe (33) arranged at the bottom of the smashing box (31) and an inclined plate (34) arranged on the smashing box (31); the other end of the inclined plate (34) is arranged on the side wall of the cleaning pool (11), and the inclined plate (34) is arranged downwards towards one side where the crushing box (31) is located.
7. The sponge recovery device of claim 1, wherein: the separating device comprises a separating box (41), a third air cylinder (42) arranged in the separating box (41), a second pressing plate (43) arranged on the third air cylinder (42), a plurality of guide grooves (44) arranged on the outer ring of the second pressing plate (43), a plurality of guide plates (45) arranged in the guide grooves (44) along the vertical direction, a plurality of third through holes (46) arranged on the guide plates (45), a plurality of second springback components arranged on the second pressing plate (43) and heating components connected end to end; the second rebound component comprises a second sleeve (471) arranged between the two guide grooves (44), a second connecting rod (472) arranged on the second sleeve (471) in a sliding mode, a second spring (473) sleeved on the second connecting rod (472), and an annular frame plate (474) arranged on the second connecting rod (472) and matched with the guide plate (45); the heating part comprises a hot air blower (481) and a heating pipe (482) connected with the hot air blower (481); the heating pipe (482) is spirally arranged on the outer sides of the guide plates (45).
8. The sponge recovery device of claim 1, wherein: the collecting device comprises a collecting box (51), two C-shaped grooves (52) which are arranged on the separating box (41) and are positioned on two sides of the guide pipe (33), a C-shaped cover plate (53) which is movably arranged in the C-shaped grooves (52), an air guide channel (54) which is arranged on the bottom wall of the collecting box (51) and is communicated with the heating pipe (482), an air storage cavity (55) which is arranged in the side wall of the collecting box (51), a plurality of air guide holes (56) which are communicated with the air storage cavity (55) and the interior of the collecting box (51), and a discharge hole (57).
CN202010185499.3A 2020-03-17 2020-03-17 Sponge recovery device Withdrawn CN111283911A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010185499.3A CN111283911A (en) 2020-03-17 2020-03-17 Sponge recovery device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010185499.3A CN111283911A (en) 2020-03-17 2020-03-17 Sponge recovery device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111283911A true CN111283911A (en) 2020-06-16

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010185499.3A Withdrawn CN111283911A (en) 2020-03-17 2020-03-17 Sponge recovery device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111283911A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113799201A (en) * 2021-09-15 2021-12-17 台州市翼翔科技信息技术有限责任公司 High-precision sponge online cutting system
CN113799202A (en) * 2021-09-15 2021-12-17 台州市翼翔科技信息技术有限责任公司 Method for improving online cutting precision of sponge

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113799201A (en) * 2021-09-15 2021-12-17 台州市翼翔科技信息技术有限责任公司 High-precision sponge online cutting system
CN113799202A (en) * 2021-09-15 2021-12-17 台州市翼翔科技信息技术有限责任公司 Method for improving online cutting precision of sponge

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