CN111196028B - Edge sealing strip embossing robot equipment and embossing method - Google Patents

Edge sealing strip embossing robot equipment and embossing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111196028B
CN111196028B CN202010126897.8A CN202010126897A CN111196028B CN 111196028 B CN111196028 B CN 111196028B CN 202010126897 A CN202010126897 A CN 202010126897A CN 111196028 B CN111196028 B CN 111196028B
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roller
embossing
slide
rod
planetary gear
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CN111196028A (en
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朱振伟
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朱振伟
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C59/00Surface shaping of articles, e.g. embossing; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C59/02Surface shaping of articles, e.g. embossing; Apparatus therefor by mechanical means, e.g. pressing
    • B29C59/04Surface shaping of articles, e.g. embossing; Apparatus therefor by mechanical means, e.g. pressing using rollers or endless belts
    • B29C59/043Surface shaping of articles, e.g. embossing; Apparatus therefor by mechanical means, e.g. pressing using rollers or endless belts for profiled articles

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of edge sealing strip embossing, and particularly relates to edge sealing strip embossing robot equipment and an embossing method, wherein the edge sealing strip embossing robot equipment comprises an electric drive module, a roller mechanism, a roller B, an edge sealing strip and a U-shaped seat, wherein the roller mechanism driven by the electric drive module is arranged between two legs of the U-shaped seat; a driven roller B with the height capable of being manually adjusted up and down is arranged between the two supports of the U-shaped support, and the roller B is positioned right above the roller mechanism; the embossing operation of the edge banding passing through the space between the roller A and the roller B is realized by utilizing the reciprocating expansion change of the embossing spring in the roller mechanism with smaller diameter, and the extruded veins have no periodic repeatability in a longer length range, so that the visual quality of the veins pressed on the edge banding is improved; the roller A with the smaller diameter enables the overall quality of the equipment to be reduced, and the production cost of the equipment is reduced to a certain extent.

Description

Edge sealing strip embossing robot equipment and embossing method
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of edge sealing strip embossing, and particularly relates to edge sealing strip embossing robot equipment and an embossing method.
Background
A conventional edge banding embossing apparatus embosses the edge banding extruded from an extruder using two rollers. However, due to the size limitation of the roller, the embossed veins have a periodic repeatability; in order to reduce the repetition period of the extruded veins, the diameter of the roller must be increased, and the veins extruded by the thicker roller cannot repeat within a certain length, so that the visual quality of the veins is improved to a certain extent, which is particularly important in high-end furniture; however, the larger the roller, the higher the production cost of the equipment is, and the heavier the whole equipment is.
Therefore, it is necessary to design an edge banding embossing robot that can emboss embossments with long repetition periods using a small diameter roller.
The invention designs an edge banding embossing robot device to solve the problems.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the defects in the prior art, the invention discloses edge sealing strip embossing robot equipment which is realized by adopting the following technical scheme.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "inside", "outside", "upper", "lower", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings or orientations or positional relationships that the products of the present invention conventionally use, which are merely for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, or be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and the like are used merely to distinguish one description from another, and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
The utility model provides a banding strip impressed watermark robotic device which characterized in that: the roller mechanism driven by the electric drive module is arranged between two legs of the U-shaped seat; a driven roller B with the height capable of being manually adjusted up and down is arranged between the two supports of the U-shaped support, and the roller B is positioned right above the roller mechanism; roller mechanism and roller B cooperation, roller mechanism carries out the impressed watermark to the lower surface through the edge banding between roller mechanism and the roller B, and the line that is extruded on the edge banding does not have periodic repetition.
The roller mechanism comprises a roller A, a gear ring B, a gear ring C, a rod A, a rod B, a slide bar, a slide block A, a ring sleeve, an embossing spring, a planetary gear train A consisting of a train shaft A, a planetary gear A, a central gear A and a planet carrier A, and a planetary gear train B consisting of a train shaft B, a planetary gear B, a central gear B and a planet carrier B, wherein the two planetary gear trains B are symmetrically arranged at two ends in the roller A; the planetary gear train A is arranged in the roller A, and the planetary gear A is meshed with a gear ring A on the inner wall of the roller A; a tie shaft A in transmission connection with an output shaft of the electric drive module is in rotating fit with a circular groove on one support of the U-shaped seat; one end of the planet carrier A is fixedly connected with the U-shaped seat, and the other end of the planet carrier A is fixedly connected with the tie shaft B on the same side.
A train shaft B in the planetary gear train B which is not connected with the planet carrier A is fixedly connected with the U-shaped seat; two ring sleeves which axially symmetrically slide at two ends of the outer cylindrical surface of the ring plate of the roller A are fixedly connected with two slide bars which axially symmetrically slide in the roller A through slide blocks A respectively, and the two ring sleeves are connected through embossing springs which are nested on the roller A; two rods A are symmetrically and eccentrically arranged at the opposite ends of the two planet carriers B, and each rod A is connected with a slide bar at the same side through the rod B; two ends of the rod B are respectively connected with the corresponding rod A and the slide bar through spherical hinges; the planet carrier B, the corresponding rod B and the slide bar form a space crank-slide block mechanism, and the two crank-slide block mechanisms are symmetrical in structure.
As a further improvement of the technology, the electric drive module and the U-shaped seat are both arranged on the base, and the electric drive module is provided with a control switch. The output shaft of the electric drive module is matched with the fixing seat installed on the base in a rotating mode so as to ensure that the output shaft of the electric drive module is effectively supported, and the internal transmission part of the electric drive module is prevented from being impacted and damaged under the action of external vibration in the operation process. The output shaft of the electric drive module is provided with a chain wheel A, and the chain wheel A is in transmission connection with a chain wheel B arranged on the system shaft A through a chain.
As a further improvement of the technology, two sliding chutes A are symmetrically formed in two ends of the outer cylindrical surface of the roller A, two sliding blocks A arranged on two ring sleeves axially slide in the sliding chutes A on the same side respectively, and the movement of the sliding blocks A drives the corresponding ring sleeves to axially move and simultaneously ensures that the ring sleeves cannot rotate relative to the roller A. The sliding strip fixedly connected with the sliding block A slides in a sliding groove B communicated with the corresponding sliding groove A, and the sliding groove B plays a role in positioning and guiding the movement of the corresponding sliding strip. Each slide bar is provided with a rod C which is connected with the corresponding rod B in a spherical hinge manner, the length of the corresponding rod B is effectively reduced by the rod C, and in order to avoid dead points generated by relative swinging between the rod B and the rod A which is connected with the rod B in a spherical hinge manner, the included angle between the rod B and the central axis of the roller A must be small enough, so that the length of the rod B must be increased; the overlong rod B can occupy a larger space in the roller A, so that the length of the roller A is increased, and the production cost of the roller mechanism is increased; the existence of pole C has guaranteed to have less contained angle between pole B and the roller A the central axis when effectively reducing the length of pole B, and then guarantees that pole B occupies less space in a section of thick bamboo A simultaneously and the relative oscillation between the pole A does not produce the dead point for pole B drives corresponding ring cover through a series of transmissions and follows roller A's cylinder circumference reciprocating sliding under corresponding planet carrier B's drive. The rod C axially slides in a chute C communicated with the corresponding chute B, and the chute C provides a guide rail for the movement of the rod C and plays a role in positioning and guiding the movement of the rod C. The planetary gear trains B are characterized in that the planetary gear trains B are respectively in rotating fit with two annular plates arranged in the roller A through radial bearings. The two ring plates are respectively matched with a planet carrier B in the corresponding planetary gear train B through a thrust bearing B; the planet carrier A of the planetary gear train A is matched with the ring plate at the same side through a thrust bearing A.
As a further improvement of the technology, the embossing spring is provided with the embossing blocks which enrich the surface textures of the edge sealing strip, so that the textures pressed out by the embossing spring on the edge sealing strip are richer, and the visual quality of embossing is improved.
As a further improvement of the technology, two sliding blocks B are rotatably matched at two ends of a roller shaft where the roller B is positioned; the two sliding blocks B vertically slide in the two sliding grooves D on the two arms of the U-shaped support respectively. Two guide blocks are symmetrically arranged on each sliding block B, the two guide blocks on each sliding block B slide in two guide grooves on the inner wall of the corresponding sliding groove D respectively, and the guide blocks and the guide grooves are matched to play a role in positioning and guiding the corresponding sliding blocks B along the vertical movement of the corresponding sliding grooves D. Threaded holes communicated with the chutes D on the same side are formed in the upper end surfaces of the two U-shaped seats; and a screw is in threaded fit in each threaded hole. The lower end of each screw rod is provided with a round block, the lower end of each screw rod and the round block arranged on the screw rod rotate in the stepped round groove on the corresponding sliding block B, and only relative rotation is generated between the screw rods and the corresponding sliding blocks B, so that axial separation cannot occur. The upper end of each screw rod is provided with a torsion wheel which is convenient to rotate.
Compared with the traditional plastic flotation device, the embossing device realizes the embossing operation of the edge banding passing through the space between the roller A and the roller B by utilizing the reciprocating expansion change of the embossing spring in the roller mechanism with smaller diameter, and the extruded grain has no periodic repeatability in a longer length range, thereby improving the visual quality of the embossed grain on the edge banding; the roller A with the smaller diameter enables the overall quality of the equipment to be reduced, and the production cost of the equipment is reduced to a certain extent.
The roller mechanism can replace the corresponding embossing roller on the existing embossing equipment, and a user only needs to simply replace the corresponding embossing roller on the embossing equipment used by the user without replacing the whole equipment, so that the replacement cost is low, and the production cost of the user is reduced.
The invention has simple structure and better use effect.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the present invention in cooperation with an edge banding.
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the invention in cooperation with an edge banding.
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the screw, the slider B and the U-shaped seat.
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the sprocket A, chain and sprocket B engagement.
FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the U-shaped seat.
Fig. 6 is a schematic sectional view of the slider B and its structure.
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the combination of a torsion wheel, a screw and a round block.
Figure 8 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the roller mechanism.
FIG. 9 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the roller A, the gear ring A, the planetary gear train B, the rod A, the rod B, the rod C, the slide bar, the slide block A and the ring sleeve in cooperation.
FIG. 10 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the roller A, the gear ring C, the planetary gear train B, the rod A, the rod B, the rod C, the slide bar, the slide block A and the ring sleeve.
Fig. 11 is a schematic view of the embossing spring engaged with the embossing block.
Figure 12 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a roll a.
FIG. 13 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the engagement of the sprocket B, the planetary gear train A and the sun gear B.
Fig. 14 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the engagement of the planetary gear a with the sun gear B.
FIG. 15 is a cross-sectional view of the planetary gear train B, rod A, rod B, rod C, slide bar, slide block A and ring sleeve.
Number designation in the figures: 1. a base; 2. an electric drive module; 3. a control switch; 4. a fixed seat; 5. a chain wheel A; 6. a chain; 7. a sprocket B; 8. a roller mechanism; 9. is tied to the shaft A; 10. a planet carrier A; 14. a planetary gear A; 15. a sun gear A; 16. a tie-shaft B; 17. a roller A; 18. a chute A; 19. a chute B; 20. a chute C; 21. a ring plate; 22. a gear ring A; 23. a gear ring B; 24. a radial bearing; 25. a thrust bearing A; 26. a thrust bearing B; 27. a planet carrier B; 32. a planetary gear B; 33. a sun gear B; 34. a rod A; 35. a rod B; 36. a rod C; 37. a slide bar; 38. a slide block A; 39. sleeving a ring; 40. an embossing spring; 41. embossing blocks; 42. a planetary gear train A; 43. a planetary gear train B; 44. a U-shaped seat; 45. a circular groove; 46. a chute D; 47. a guide groove; 48. a threaded hole; 49. a slide block B; 50. a stepped circular groove; 51. a guide block; 52. a roll shaft; 53. a roller B; 54. a screw; 55. a round block; 56. a torsion wheel; 57. an edge banding; 58. and a ring gear C.
Detailed Description
The drawings are schematic illustrations of the implementation of the present invention to facilitate understanding of the principles of structural operation. The specific product structure and the proportional size are determined according to the use environment and the conventional technology.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, it comprises an electrically driven module 2, a roller mechanism 8, a roller B53 and a U-shaped seat 44, wherein as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the roller mechanism 8 driven by the electrically driven module 2 is arranged between two legs of the U-shaped seat 44; the driven roller B53 with the height capable of being manually adjusted up and down is arranged between the two supports of the U-shaped seat 44, and the roller B53 is positioned right above the roller mechanism 8; roller mechanism 8 cooperates with roller B53, and roller mechanism 8 carries out the impressed watermark to the lower surface of the banding strip 57 that passes through between roller mechanism 8 and the roller B53, and the line that is extruded on the banding strip 57 does not have the cycle repetition.
As shown in fig. 8, 9 and 10, the roller mechanism 8 includes a roller a17, a gear ring a22, a gear ring B23, a gear ring C58, a rod a34, a rod B35, a slide bar 37, a slider a38, a ring sleeve 39, an embossing spring 40, a planetary gear train a42 composed of a train shaft a9, a planetary gear a14, a sun gear a15 and a planet carrier a10, and a planetary gear train B43 composed of a train shaft B16, a planetary gear B32, a sun gear B33 and a planet carrier B27, wherein as shown in fig. 2 and 8, two planetary gear trains B43 are symmetrically mounted at two ends inside the roller a 17; as shown in fig. 9, 10 and 12, a planetary gear B32 in one planetary gear train B43 is meshed with a gear ring B23 on the inner wall of a roller A17, and a planetary gear B32 in the other planetary gear train B43 is meshed with a gear ring C58 on the inner wall of a roller A17; as shown in fig. 2, 8 and 9, a planetary gear train a42 is installed in a roller a17, and a planetary gear a14 is meshed with a gear ring a22 on the inner wall of the roller a 17; as shown in fig. 2 and 5, a tie shaft a9 in transmission connection with the output shaft of the electric drive module 2 is in rotating fit with a circular groove 45 on one leg of the U-shaped seat 44; as shown in fig. 2 and 13, one end of the planet carrier a10 is fixedly connected to the U-shaped seat 44, and the other end is fixedly connected to the tie shaft B16 on the same side.
As shown in fig. 2, the planetary gear train B43 which is not connected with the planet carrier a10 has the train shaft B16 fixedly connected with the U-shaped seat 44; as shown in fig. 8, 9 and 10, two ring sleeves 39 axially symmetrically sliding on two ends of the outer cylindrical surface of the roller a17 are fixedly connected with two slide bars 37 axially symmetrically sliding in the roller a17 through slide blocks a38, and the two ring sleeves 39 are connected through embossing springs 40 nested on the roller a 17; two rods A34 are symmetrically and eccentrically arranged at the opposite ends of the two planet carriers B27, and each rod A34 is connected with the same side slide bar 37 through a rod B35; the two ends of the rod B35 are respectively connected with the corresponding rod A34 and the slide bar 37 in a spherical hinge mode; as shown in fig. 8 and 15, the planet carrier B27, the corresponding rod B35 and the slide bar 37 form a spatial crank-slider mechanism, and the two crank-slider mechanisms are symmetrical in structure.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the electric drive module 2 and the U-shaped seat 44 are mounted on the base 1, and the electric drive module 2 is provided with the control switch 3. As shown in figure 2, the output shaft of the electric drive module 2 is matched with the fixed seat 4 installed on the base 1 in a rotating mode, so that the output shaft of the electric drive module 2 is effectively supported, and the internal transmission part of the electric drive module 2 is prevented from being damaged by impact under the action of external vibration in the operation process. As shown in fig. 2, 4 and 14, the output shaft of the electric drive module 2 is provided with a chain wheel a5, and the chain wheel a5 is in transmission connection with a chain wheel B7 arranged on a tie shaft a9 through a chain 6.
As shown in fig. 12, two sliding chutes a18 are symmetrically formed at two ends of the outer cylindrical surface of the roller a 17; as shown in fig. 8, 9 and 10, two sliders a38 mounted on the two rings 39 respectively slide axially in the same slide slot a18, and the movement of the slider a38 drives the corresponding ring 39 to move axially while ensuring that the ring 39 does not rotate relative to the roller a 17. The sliding bar 37 fixedly connected with the sliding block A38 slides in the sliding groove B19 communicated with the corresponding sliding groove A18, and the sliding groove B19 plays a role in positioning and guiding the movement of the corresponding sliding bar 37. Each slide 37 is provided with a rod C36 which is connected with a corresponding rod B35 in a spherical hinge manner, the rod C36 effectively reduces the length of the corresponding rod B35, and in order to avoid dead points caused by relative swinging between the rod B35 and a rod a34 which is connected with the rod B35 in a spherical hinge manner, the included angle between the rod B35 and the central axis of the roller a17 must be small enough, which inevitably leads to the increase of the length of the rod B35; an excessively long bar B35 would occupy a large space inside the roller a17, which in turn would lead to an increase in the length of the roller a17 and thus to an increase in the production costs of the roller mechanism 8; the existence of the rod C36 ensures that a small included angle is formed between the rod B35 and the central axis of the roller A17 while the length of the rod B35 is effectively reduced, and further ensures that the rod B35 does not generate a dead point with the relative swing between the rod A34 while occupying a small space in the roller A, so that the rod B35 drives the corresponding ring sleeve 39 to slide back and forth along the circumferential direction of the cylindrical surface of the roller A17 through a series of transmissions under the driving of the corresponding planet carrier B27. As shown in fig. 8, 9 and 12, rod C36 slides axially in a slide channel C20 communicating with a corresponding slide channel B19, and slide channel C20 provides a guide for the movement of rod C36, and plays a positioning and guiding role in the movement of rod C36. As shown in fig. 8, 9 and 10, the axle B16 of the two planetary gear trains B43 is rotatably engaged with the two ring plates 21 mounted in the roller a17 through radial bearings 24, respectively. The two ring plates 21 are respectively matched with a planet carrier B27 in the corresponding planetary gear train B43 through a thrust bearing B26; the carrier a10 of the planetary gear train a42 is engaged with the ring plate 21 on the same side via a thrust bearing a 25.
As shown in fig. 11, the embossing spring 40 has the embossing blocks 41 for enriching the surface texture of the edge strip 57, so that the edge strip 57 is enriched in the texture extruded by the embossing spring 40, and the visual quality of embossing is improved.
As shown in fig. 2, two sliding blocks B49 are rotatably matched at two ends of the roller shaft 52 where the roller B53 is positioned; as shown in fig. 2, 3 and 5, the two sliders B49 vertically slide in the two sliding grooves D46 on the two legs of the U-shaped seat 44, respectively. As shown in fig. 3 and 6, two guide blocks 51 are symmetrically mounted on each slider B49, the two guide blocks 51 on each slider B49 respectively slide in the two guide grooves 47 on the inner wall of the corresponding slide slot D46, and the cooperation between the guide blocks 51 and the guide grooves 47 plays a role in positioning and guiding the vertical movement of the corresponding slider B49 along the corresponding slide slot D46. As shown in fig. 2 and 5, the two upper end surfaces of the U-shaped seat 44 are both provided with a threaded hole 48 communicated with the slide groove D46 on the same side; a threaded rod 54 is threadedly engaged in each threaded bore 48. As shown in fig. 2 and 7, a round block 55 is mounted at the lower end of each screw 54, and the lower end of the screw 54 and the round block 55 mounted thereon rotate in the stepped round groove 50 on the corresponding slide B49, so that only relative rotation is generated between the screw 54 and the corresponding slide B49, and axial separation is avoided. The upper end of each screw 54 is fitted with a torsion wheel 56 for easy rotation.
The electric drive module 2 of the invention adopts the prior art and mainly comprises a motor, a speed reducer and a control unit.
The matching of the screw rod 54 and the threaded hole 48 on the U-shaped seat 44 has self-locking performance, the rotary reset cannot occur in the process that the roller A17 and the roller B53 extrude and convey the edge banding 57, and the extrusion effect of the roller B53 on the edge banding 57 to the roller A17 is further ensured to be unchanged, so that the embossing spring 40 is ensured to have enough pressure to extrude the lower surface of the edge banding 57 into grains.
The working process of the invention is as follows: when the edge banding 57 needs to be embossed by using the embossing device, the distance between the roller B53 and the roller A17 is adjusted to be large enough by rotating the two twisting wheels 56; the adjusting process is as follows:
the two torsion wheels 56 are simultaneously rotated, the two torsion wheels 56 simultaneously drive the two screw rods 54 to rotate and generate vertical motion under the action of the corresponding threaded holes 48, the motion directions of the two screw rods 54 are the same as that of the upper screw rod and the lower screw rod, and the two screw rods 54 simultaneously drive the two slide blocks B49 which are in rotary fit with the screw rods to synchronously and vertically move in the chute D46 through the corresponding round blocks 55; the two sliding blocks B49 drive the roller B53 to synchronously move vertically through the roller shaft 52; when the distance between the roller a17 and the roller B53 reaches the level that can pass the edge strip 57, the two pulleys 56 stop rotating. One end of the edge banding 57 from the extruder is then passed between the roller a17 and the roller B53, and the two pulleys 56 are simultaneously rotated, and the two pulleys 56 simultaneously drive the roller B53 to squeeze the edge banding 57 toward the roller a17 through a series of transmissions, so that the embossing spring 40 nested on the roller a17 forms a certain degree of extrusion deformation on the lower surface of the edge banding 57 to form a certain texture.
Then the electric drive module 2 and the plastic extruding machine are controlled to operate simultaneously, the output shaft of the electric drive module 2 drives the chain wheel A5 to rotate, and the chain wheel A5 drives the system shaft A9 to rotate through the chain 6 and the chain wheel B7; the tie shaft A9 drives a plurality of planet gears A14 to rotate through a sun gear A15; the planetary gears A14 drive the roller A17 to rotate through the gear ring A22, the rotating direction of the roller A17 is opposite to that of the sun gear A15, and the rotating speed of the roller A17 is less than that of the sun gear A15; the roller A17 drives the planet gears B32 in the two planetary gear trains B43 to synchronously revolve around the respective sun gears B33 through the gear ring B23 and the gear ring C58, and the planet gears B32 in the two planetary gear trains B43 drive the corresponding planet carriers B27 to rotate around the respective train shafts B16; the planet carrier B27 in the two planetary gear trains B43 drives the corresponding slide bar 37 to slide in the chute B19 in a reciprocating manner along the axial direction of the roller through the corresponding rod A34, rod B35 and rod C36; the slide bar 37 drives the corresponding ring sleeve 39 to axially slide back and forth along the outer cylindrical surface of the roller A17 through the corresponding slide block A38; because the two planetary gear trains B43 are symmetrical in structure, the two planetary gear trains B27 respectively drive the two sliding bars 37 to symmetrically slide in the opposite or reverse directions along the central axis direction of the roller A17 through a series of transmissions; the two slide bars 37 simultaneously drive the two ring sleeves 39 to symmetrically slide towards or away from each other along the central axis direction of the roller A17 through the corresponding slide blocks A38; two collars 39, which slide symmetrically on the outer cylindrical surface of the roller a17, simultaneously compress and extend the embossing spring 40 between them to and fro.
Meanwhile, the rotating roller A17 drives the two loop sleeves 39 and the embossing spring 40 positioned between the two loop sleeves 39 to rotate synchronously through the two slide blocks A38, thereby drawing the weatherstrip 57 between the embossing springs 40, which is compressed by the rollers B53, the extruder-based weatherstrip 57 continues to pass between the rollers B53 and the embossing springs 40 by the embossing springs 40 on the rotating roller a17, so that the embossing spring 40 which rotates synchronously with the roller a17 and which is axially and reciprocally telescopic along the roller a17 presses a varying course of the edge strip 57, therefore, the richness of the extruded veins on the edge sealing strip 57 is enhanced, the repeating period of the extruded veins on the edge sealing strip 57 is effectively prolonged, the visual quality of the extruded veins on the edge sealing strip 57 is improved, and the visual fatigue and the aesthetic fatigue caused by frequent first repetition of the extruded veins on the edge sealing strip 57 in a short length are avoided. The moving embossing is matched with the moving edge sealing strip, and the change of the embossing is small in a short time when the roller is contacted with a certain position of the edge sealing strip in the matching process, so that the embossing is prevented from being damaged by the transversely moving embossing in the process of pressing the certain position of the edge sealing strip, and no lines or sliding lines are caused.
The use of the invention is ended when the edge banding 57 extruded from the extruder is all gradually delivered from between the roller B53 and the roller a17 by embossing, at which time the electric drive module 2 is controlled to stop. When the edge sealing strip is used next time, the distance between the roller B53 and the roller A17 is adjusted again according to the actual thickness of the edge sealing strip 57.
In conclusion, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows: the embossing operation of the edge banding 57 passing through the space between the roller A17 and the roller B53 is realized by utilizing the reciprocating expansion change of the embossing spring 40 in the roller mechanism with smaller diameter, and the embossed grains have no periodic repeatability in a longer length range, so that the visual quality of the embossed grains on the edge banding 57 is improved; the roller A17 with a smaller diameter enables the overall quality of the equipment to be reduced, and reduces the production cost of the equipment to a certain extent.
The roller mechanism can replace the corresponding embossing roller on the existing embossing equipment, and a user only needs to replace the corresponding embossing roller on the embossing equipment used by the user without replacing the whole equipment, so that the replacement cost is low, and the production cost of the user is reduced.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a banding strip impressed watermark robotic device which characterized in that: the roller mechanism driven by the electric drive module is arranged between two legs of the U-shaped seat; a driven roller B with the height capable of being manually adjusted up and down is arranged between the two supports of the U-shaped support, and the roller B is positioned right above the roller mechanism; the roller mechanism is matched with the roller B, the roller mechanism carries out embossing on the lower surface of an edge sealing strip passing between the roller mechanism and the roller B, and the embossed lines on the edge sealing strip have no periodic repeatability within a certain length range;
the roller mechanism comprises a roller A, a gear ring B, a gear ring C, a rod A, a rod B, a slide bar, a slide block A, a ring sleeve, an embossing spring, a planetary gear train A consisting of a train shaft A, a planetary gear A, a central gear A and a planet carrier A, and a planetary gear train B consisting of a train shaft B, a planetary gear B, a central gear B and a planet carrier B, wherein the two planetary gear trains B are symmetrically arranged at two ends in the roller A; the planetary gear train A is arranged in the roller A, and the planetary gear A is meshed with a gear ring A on the inner wall of the roller A; a tie shaft A in transmission connection with an output shaft of the electric drive module is in rotating fit with a circular groove on one support of the U-shaped seat; one end of the planet carrier A is fixedly connected with the U-shaped seat, and the other end of the planet carrier A is fixedly connected with the tie shaft B on the same side;
a train shaft B in the planetary gear train B which is not connected with the planet carrier A is fixedly connected with the U-shaped seat; two ring sleeves which axially symmetrically slide at two ends of the outer cylindrical surface of the ring plate of the roller A are fixedly connected with two slide bars which axially symmetrically slide in the roller A through slide blocks A respectively, and the two ring sleeves are connected through embossing springs which are nested on the roller A; two rods A are symmetrically and eccentrically arranged at the opposite ends of the two planet carriers B, and each rod A is connected with a slide bar at the same side through the rod B; two ends of the rod B are respectively connected with the corresponding rod A and the slide bar through spherical hinges; the planet carrier B, the corresponding rod B and the slide bar form a space crank sliding block mechanism, and the two crank sliding block mechanisms are symmetrical in structure;
two sliding chutes A are symmetrically formed in two ends of the outer cylindrical surface of the roller A, and two sliding blocks A arranged on two ring sleeves axially slide in the sliding chutes A on the same side respectively; the sliding strip fixedly connected with the sliding block A slides in a sliding chute B communicated with the corresponding sliding chute A; each slide bar is provided with a rod C which is connected with the corresponding rod B through a spherical hinge; the rod C axially slides in a chute C communicated with the corresponding chute B; the system shafts B in the two planetary gear trains B are respectively matched with two annular plates arranged in the roller A in a rotating way through radial bearings; the two ring plates are respectively matched with a planet carrier B in the corresponding planetary gear train B through a thrust bearing B; the planet carrier A of the planetary gear train A is matched with the ring plate at the same side through a thrust bearing A.
2. The edge banding embossing robot of claim 1, wherein: the electric drive module and the U-shaped seat are both arranged on the base, and the electric drive module is provided with a control switch; an output shaft of the electric drive module is rotationally matched with a fixed seat arranged on the base; the output shaft of the electric drive module is provided with a chain wheel A, and the chain wheel A is in transmission connection with a chain wheel B arranged on the system shaft A through a chain.
3. The edge banding embossing robot of claim 1, wherein: the embossing spring is provided with the embossing blocks which enrich the surface textures of the edge sealing strips.
4. The edge banding embossing robot of claim 1, wherein: two sliding blocks B are rotatably matched at two ends of a roller shaft where the roller B is positioned; the two sliding blocks B vertically slide in the two sliding grooves D on the two branches of the U-shaped support respectively; two guide blocks are symmetrically arranged on each sliding block B, and the two guide blocks on each sliding block B respectively slide in two guide grooves on the inner wall of the corresponding sliding groove D; threaded holes communicated with the chutes D on the same side are formed in the upper end surfaces of the two U-shaped seats; a screw is in threaded fit with each threaded hole; the lower end of each screw rod is provided with a round block; the lower end of the screw and the round block arranged on the screw rotate in the stepped round groove on the corresponding sliding block B; the upper end of each screw rod is provided with a torsion wheel which is convenient to rotate.
5. An embossing method: the method is characterized in that: when the embossing processing is required to be carried out on the edge banding, the distance between the roller B and the roller A is adjusted to be large enough by rotating the two torsion wheels; the adjusting process is as follows:
simultaneously rotating the two torsion wheels, simultaneously driving the two screws to rotate and generate vertical motion under the action of corresponding threaded holes, wherein the motion directions of the two screws are the same from top to bottom, and the two screws simultaneously drive the two sliding blocks B which are rotationally matched with the two screws to synchronously and vertically move in the sliding groove D through corresponding round blocks; the two sliding blocks B drive the roller B to synchronously and vertically move through the roller shaft; when the distance between the roller A and the roller B reaches the degree that the edge sealing strips can pass through, stopping rotating the two twisting wheels;
then, one end of the edge banding from the plastic extruding machine penetrates through a position between the roller A and the roller B, and then the two twisting wheels are simultaneously rotated, and the two twisting wheels simultaneously drive the roller B to extrude the edge banding to the roller A through a series of transmission respectively, so that the embossing spring embedded on the roller A forms certain extrusion deformation on the lower surface of the edge banding to form certain texture;
then controlling the electric drive module and the plastic extruding machine to operate simultaneously, wherein an output shaft of the electric drive module drives a chain wheel A to rotate, and the chain wheel A drives a system shaft A to rotate through a chain and a chain wheel B; the tie shaft A drives a plurality of planetary gears A to rotate through a central gear A; the planetary gears A simultaneously drive the roller A to rotate through the gear ring A, the rotating direction of the roller A is opposite to that of the central gear A, and the rotating speed of the roller A is less than that of the central gear A; the roller A simultaneously drives the planet gears B in the two planetary gear trains B to synchronously revolve around respective central gears B through the gear ring B and the gear ring C, and the planet gears B in the two planetary gear trains B respectively drive the corresponding planet carriers B to rotate around respective train shafts B; the planet carrier B in the two planetary gear trains B drives the corresponding slide bars to slide in the sliding groove B in a reciprocating manner along the axial direction of the roller through the corresponding rod A, the rod B and the rod C; the slide bars drive the corresponding ring sleeves to axially slide back and forth along the outer cylindrical surface of the roller A through the corresponding slide blocks A; because the two planetary gear trains B are symmetrical in structure, the two planetary gear trains B respectively drive the two sliding bars to symmetrically slide in the opposite or back-to-back direction along the central axis of the roller A through a series of transmissions; the two slide bars simultaneously drive the two ring sleeves to symmetrically slide in the opposite direction or in the back-to-back direction along the central axis of the roller A through the corresponding slide blocks A; the two ring sleeves symmetrically slide on the outer cylindrical surface of the roller A and simultaneously compress and stretch the embossing spring positioned between the two ring sleeves in a reciprocating manner;
meanwhile, the rotary roller A drives the two ring sleeves and the embossing spring located between the two ring sleeves to synchronously rotate through the two sliding blocks A, so that the sealing strip extruded between the embossing springs of the roller B is driven to form pulling, the sealing strip based on the extruding machine continuously passes through the space between the roller B and the embossing spring under the driving of the embossing spring on the rotary roller A, so that the embossing spring which synchronously rotates along with the roller A and axially reciprocates and stretches and retracts along the roller A presses out lines with changing trend on the sealing strip, the richness of the pressed lines on the sealing strip is enhanced, the repeating period of the pressed lines on the sealing strip is effectively prolonged, the visual quality of the pressed lines on the sealing strip is improved, and the visual fatigue caused by frequent head repetition of the pressed lines on the sealing strip in a short length are avoided.
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JP2518543B2 (en) * 1993-11-30 1996-07-24 株式会社マブチ Embossing equipment for packing bands
US6715411B1 (en) * 2000-05-17 2004-04-06 Boegli Gravures S.A. Device for the treatment of flat materials
JP4957139B2 (en) * 2006-09-20 2012-06-20 大日本印刷株式会社 Mold manufacturing method
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