Integral aluminum die body based on narrow expansion joint
The invention relates to the field of buildings, in particular to an integral aluminum die body based on a narrow expansion joint.
Along with the acceleration of urbanization process and the becoming mature of technology, aluminium mould construction has become the development trend of building trade, compares with traditional wooden model, has promotion engineering construction efficiency, promotes engineering construction quality, guarantees engineering quality, guarantee construction safety, reduces energy consumption and carbon emission, green sustainability's advantage. However, as modern buildings are more and more complex in size and larger in size, in order to ensure safe use of the buildings, expansion joints are often arranged in many buildings during design. For the building with the high-rise shear wall structure, because the expansion joint is narrow (less than 300 mm), the post-cast wall formwork at the expansion joint is very difficult to support and detach, the construction management difficulty is increased, and the site construction efficiency is reduced.
Moreover, the turnover frequency of the wood template is less, the cost is high, and the template can not be detached; the steel form is integrally formed, can be repeatedly used, has accurate size, but has high input cost and low steel form turnover rate, and the steel form is heavier, needs to increase the tower crane cost and cannot be compatible with an aluminum mould system.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an integral aluminum mold body based on a narrow expansion joint, which has the advantages of convenient structure disassembly and assembly, high construction efficiency, suitability for the requirements of supporting molds of deformation joints with different widths, lighter aluminum mold, convenient hoisting, higher turnover rate and better economic and technical benefits compared with a steel mold.
The purpose of the invention is realized as follows:
the utility model provides an integral aluminium die body based on narrow expansion joint, includes aluminium template, K board, shaped steel, the back of the body is stupefied and rings, aluminium template arranges according to the drawing size, connects between aluminium template and the aluminium template and forms the wallboard, and wallboard left side, bottom and right side all are provided with angle aluminium, the K board sets up at the wallboard top and connects the wallboard, shaped steel sets up in K board top and connects the K board, and its length direction interval is opened along the shaped steel upper end has the hanging hole, rings overlap respectively on the hanging hole that corresponds, the stupefied direction of height interval arrangement along the wallboard of the back of the body is provided with the counter-pulling screw rod between wallboard and the back of the body, and wallboard and the back of the body are stupefied and are locked together through the counter-. Aluminium template, the stupefied and shaped steel of back of the body etc. fix in the deformation joint of integral hoisting after ground work area equipment, when the template is demolishd, only need demolish the split bolt, can utilize the tower crane to wholly hoist and demolish aluminium template, it is high-efficient swift to make whole template system construction, and the even setting of rings makes its atress even when hoist and mount at the upside of channel-section steel in addition, the direction of adjustment rings, the constructor of being convenient for penetrates the lifting hook in the lifting hook when hoist and mount, use the bolt to fasten rings on shaped steel.
The aim of the invention can also be solved by the following technical measures:
as a more specific scheme, the back arris is opened along its length direction has first through-hole, and the wallboard is opened corresponding the stupefied first through-hole position of back of the body has the second through-hole, to drawing the screw rod and pass first through-hole and second through-hole and locking in proper order, realize wallboard and the stupefied locking of back of the body. The oppositely-pulling screw rods sequentially penetrate through the first through hole and the second through hole and are locked, so that the wallboard and the back edge are firmly locked, and the operation is simple.
More specifically, the end of the counter-pulling screw rod is a mountain-shaped end, and the mountain-shaped end is welded on the back edge. The back edge is clamped more easily by the aid of the mountain-shaped end, the opposite-pulling screw is prevented from loosening by welding the mountain-shaped end on the back edge, and stability is greatly improved.
As more specific scheme, still include the stupefied buckle of back of the body, every back of the body is stupefied including the stupefied portion of first back of the body and the stupefied portion of second back of the body, and the stupefied portion of first back of the body and the adjacent setting of the stupefied portion of second back of the body, the stupefied buckle lock of back of the body is on the stupefied portion of first back of the body and the stupefied portion of second back of the body, and the stupefied buckle of back of the body is locked on the wallboard through the pin, realizes that the stupefied buckle of back of the body presss from both sides tight. Every back of the body is stupefied including the stupefied portion combination of first back of the body portion and the stupefied portion of second back of the body, and the stupefied intensity of reinforcing back of the body adopts the stupefied buckle lock of back of the body moreover, avoids the stupefied portion of first back of the body and the stupefied portion pine of second back of the body to take off, improves stability greatly.
As a more specific scheme, the aluminum template and the aluminum template are locked through pins, the section steel and the K plate are locked through pins, and the K plate and the aluminum template are locked through pins. Can realize fast assembly between aluminum mould board, shaped steel and the K board through the erection pin, can realize the quickly separating between aluminum mould board, shaped steel and the K board through dismantling the pin, the operation is very simple, and is convenient.
More specifically, the section steel is channel steel.
More specifically, the angle aluminum is provided with through holes at intervals along the length direction of the angle aluminum.
More specifically, the first back edge part and the second back edge part are both square pipes of 40mm x 80mm x 2 mm.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
according to the invention, the deformation joint outer mold adopts an integral aluminum mold body, the aluminum mold plate, the back ridge, the section steel and the like are integrally hoisted into the deformation joint for fixation after being assembled in a ground working area, when the mold plate is dismantled, the aluminum mold plate can be integrally hoisted and dismantled by using the tower crane only by dismantling the split bolt, so that the whole mold plate system is efficiently and quickly constructed, the hoisting ring is uniformly arranged at the upper side of the channel steel, the stress of the channel steel is uniform during hoisting, the direction of the hoisting ring is adjusted, a constructor can conveniently penetrate the hoisting hook into the hoisting ring during hoisting, and the hoisting ring is fastened on the section steel by using the bolt.
When prior art adopted traditional wooden model to expansion joint (being less than 300 mm) formwork, because the operation space is too little, so after concrete strength reachs the intensity of form removal regulation, the inboard wooden model of expansion joint can't be demolishd, causes the wasting of resources, and the integral aluminium die body based on narrow expansion joint has following advantage: (1) the construction of tearing open at narrow expansion joint more being convenient for, (2) aluminium template stability is good, bear the weight of the dynamic height, (3) aluminium template can carry out manifold cycles and use, and the turnover rate is high, (4) the whole pin joint that adopts of aluminium template, be convenient for maintain and local change, the benefit of bringing is very considerable, and the shaping quality is guaranteed moreover.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of an integral aluminum mold body based on a narrow expansion joint according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged view of a portion a of fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of a counter-pulling screw of an integral aluminum die body based on a narrow expansion joint.
The invention is further described with reference to the following figures and examples:
an embodiment, as shown in fig. 1 to 3, provides an integral aluminum mold body based on a narrow expansion joint, including an aluminum mold plate 1, a K plate 2, a profile steel 3, a back ridge 4, a hanging ring 5, a back ridge buckle 6, and a counter-pull screw 100.
The aluminum template 1 is arranged according to the drawing size, the aluminum template 1 is connected with the aluminum template 1, and the aluminum template 1 are locked through a pin 9 to form a wallboard 7.
Wallboard 7 left side, bottom and right side all are provided with angle aluminium 8, angle aluminium 8 has bolt hole 81 along its length direction interval.
The K plate 2 is arranged on the top of the wallboard 7 and connected with the wallboard 7, and the K plate 2 and the aluminum template 1 are locked through the pin 9.
Shaped steel 3 is the channel-section steel, and shaped steel 3 sets up in 2 tops of K board and connects K board 2, locks through pin 9 between shaped steel 3 and the K board 2 moreover.
Hanging holes 31 are formed in the upper end of the section steel 3 at intervals along the length direction of the section steel, and the hanging rings 5 are respectively sleeved on the corresponding hanging holes 31.
Stupefied 4 of back of the body is along the direction of height interval arrangement of wallboard 7, and stupefied 4 of every back of the body includes stupefied portion 41 of first back of the body and the stupefied portion 42 of second back of the body, and stupefied portion 41 of first back of the body and the stupefied portion 42 of second back of the body are 40mm 80mm 2mm square pipe, and stupefied portion 41 of first back of the body and the stupefied portion 42 of second back of the body all opened first through-hole 10 along its length direction, and wallboard 7 is opened second through-hole 71 corresponding to the first through-hole 10 position of stupefied 4 of the back of the body. First back of the body stupefied portion 41 and the adjacent setting of the stupefied portion 42 of the second back of the body, the stupefied buckle 6 lock of the back of the body is on the stupefied portion 41 of the first back of the body and the stupefied portion 42 of the second back of the body, and the stupefied buckle 6 of the back of the body is locked on wallboard 7 through pin 9, realizes that the stupefied buckle 6 of the back of the body presss from both sides tight stupefied portion 41 of the first back of the body and the stupefied portion 42 of the second back.
The end of the opposite-pulling screw rod 100 is a mountain-shaped end 101, the mountain-shaped end 101 is welded on the back ridge 4, the opposite-pulling screw rod 100 sequentially penetrates through the first through hole 10 and the second through hole 71 and is locked, and the wall plate 7 and the back ridge 4 are locked.
The deformation joint external mold adopts integral aluminium die body, aluminium template 1, back of the body stupefied 4 and shaped steel 3 etc. are fixed in the deformation joint in whole hoist and mount after ground workspace equipment, and when the template was demolishd, only need demolish split bolt, can utilize the tower crane to hoist and demolish 1 whole aluminium templates, make the high-efficient swift of whole template system construction. When the traditional wood formwork is adopted for erecting the formwork at the expansion joint (smaller than 300 mm), the wood formwork at the inner side of the expansion joint cannot be dismantled after the concrete strength reaches the strength specified by formwork removal due to too small operation space, so that resource waste is caused. Therefore, if the floor height is 3m and the inner side wall area of the single-layer expansion joint is 60m calculated according to 30 floors of one building, the aluminum formwork can be saved by about 8 ten thousand yuan compared with the wood formwork, and the labor and cost can be saved by about 24 ten thousand yuan calculated according to three buildings of one house type, so that the benefit is very considerable, and the forming quality is guaranteed.