CN111088950A - Winch system device for improving geological drilling lifting efficiency of offshore engineering - Google Patents

Winch system device for improving geological drilling lifting efficiency of offshore engineering Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111088950A
CN111088950A CN201911394202.8A CN201911394202A CN111088950A CN 111088950 A CN111088950 A CN 111088950A CN 201911394202 A CN201911394202 A CN 201911394202A CN 111088950 A CN111088950 A CN 111088950A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
main
auxiliary
hoisting
stage
elevator
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201911394202.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111088950B (en
Inventor
高长岭
李友龙
刘长风
周永
王立晗
高鹤健
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Jiangsu Provincial Institute Of Hydrogeology And Engineering Geology
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Jiangsu Provincial Institute Of Hydrogeology And Engineering Geology
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Priority to CN201911394202.8A priority Critical patent/CN111088950B/en
Publication of CN111088950A publication Critical patent/CN111088950A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN111088950B publication Critical patent/CN111088950B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B15/00Supports for the drilling machine, e.g. derricks or masts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/28Other constructional details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/28Other constructional details
    • B66D1/40Control devices
    • B66D1/48Control devices automatic
    • B66D1/485Control devices automatic electrical
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B19/00Handling rods, casings, tubes or the like outside the borehole, e.g. in the derrick; Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables
    • E21B19/008Winding units, specially adapted for drilling operations
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B19/00Handling rods, casings, tubes or the like outside the borehole, e.g. in the derrick; Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables
    • E21B19/02Rod or cable suspensions

Abstract

The invention relates to a hoisting system device for improving the geological drilling hoisting efficiency of offshore engineering, which comprises a drilling tower frame, a hoisting unit and a combined type crown block, wherein a drilling machine is arranged at the bottom of the drilling tower frame, the drilling tower frame comprises four tower legs and a primary working platform positioned at the top ends of the four tower legs, the hoisting unit comprises a main hoisting machine and two auxiliary hoisting machines, the combined type crown block is arranged on the primary working platform and comprises a main crown block and two groups of auxiliary pulley type crown blocks, the hoisting end of each auxiliary hoisting machine is provided with a semi-automatic hanging-off type hoisting device, the hoisting unit is electrically connected with a PLC (programmable logic controller), and the combined type crown block is electrically connected with the PLC. The invention has the effect of improving the drilling efficiency.

Description

Winch system device for improving geological drilling lifting efficiency of offshore engineering
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of offshore engineering geological drilling, in particular to a winch system device for improving the offshore engineering geological drilling lifting efficiency.
Background
At present, in the process of engineering geological drilling on the sea, the influence of external factors, such as tide, surge, flow, wave and other natural phenomena on the drilling operation, is very easy to be influenced, so that the suitable drilling time is short. In the process of offshore engineering geological drilling, the total operation time can be divided into effective drilling time and auxiliary time for installing auxiliary tools, in order to improve the efficiency of offshore engineering geological drilling, the proportion of the auxiliary time needs to be compressed as much as possible, and more time is used for effective drilling, so that the time of single-hole operation is effectively shortened, and the drilling operation efficiency is effectively improved.
In the prior art, a chinese patent with publication number CN202325270U discloses a wave compensation separation type hydraulic drilling machine, which belongs to the technical field of offshore drilling, and has the technical key points that the hydraulic drilling machine comprises a tower frame, wherein a power head is movably arranged on the tower frame, the power head is connected with a drilling tool, and the power head is respectively connected with a wave compensation weight box and a winch through a steel wire rope; a driving device is arranged on the side edge of the tower and is respectively connected with the power head and the winch set; the invention aims to provide a wave compensation separation type hydraulic drilling machine which is reasonable in structure, convenient to use and good in effect; used for offshore drilling.
The above prior art solutions have the following drawbacks: in the actual drilling process, the effective working time of the winch used in the hydraulic drilling machine is relatively short, and in a large amount of working time, the winch is used for independently lifting or lowering a drill rod, a drilling tool and the like or is in an idle state, so that the working efficiency of the winch is relatively low.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a winch system device for improving the geological drilling improving efficiency of offshore engineering, and the winch system device has the advantage of improving the drilling efficiency.
The technical purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides an improve marine engineering geological drilling lifting efficiency's hoist system device, includes pylon frame, hoist unit and combination formula overhead traveling crane, pylon frame bottom is provided with the rig, the pylon frame includes four tower legs and is located the one-level work platform on four tower leg tops, the hoist unit includes main hoist engine and two auxiliary hoist engines, combination formula overhead traveling crane sets up on the one-level work platform and including main overhead traveling crane and two auxiliary pulley type overhead traveling cranes, the end of hoisting of auxiliary hoist engine is provided with semi-automatic hanging-off type elevator, the hoist unit electricity is connected with the PLC controller, combination formula overhead traveling crane with the PLC controller electricity is connected.
By adopting the technical scheme, the main winch and the two auxiliary winches are arranged, the main winch is mainly used for hoisting and lowering the drill rod on the drilling machine, the main winch generally adopts a winch with larger power, and enough standby allowance is reserved for normal drilling of the drilling machine and pulling of the casing. The auxiliary winch can lift or lower the drill rod by utilizing a relay mode, so that the auxiliary working time for lifting or lowering the drill rod is shortened, the semi-automatic hanging-off type elevator is arranged at the tail end of the auxiliary winch, and the hanging and the separation of the drill rod can be quickly realized by the semi-automatic hanging-off type elevator. The auxiliary winch generally adopts a winch with higher lifting or lowering speed, and the lifting and lowering speed of the drill rod can be effectively improved. The PLC controller can be preset with programs or manually controlled, and can realize full-automatic or semi-automatic control of the main winch and the auxiliary winch. The main winch and the auxiliary winch act together, so that the efficiency of drilling operation can be effectively improved.
The invention is further arranged in that the main winch comprises a main pulley arranged on the main crown block and a main traction motor arranged on the drilling machine, a main traction rope is arranged between the main traction motor and the main pulley, and the plane of the main traction rope is perpendicular to the main traction motor.
By adopting the technical scheme, the main traction motor can transmit traction force to the drill rod through the main traction rope, and the plane where the main traction rope is located is perpendicular to the main traction motor, so that useless force component generated in the working process can be reduced, and the energy consumption is effectively reduced.
The invention is further configured that the auxiliary hoist comprises an auxiliary pulley arranged on the auxiliary pulley type crown block and an auxiliary traction motor arranged at the bottom of the drilling tower frame, an auxiliary traction rope is arranged between the auxiliary traction motor and the auxiliary pulley, and the plane of each auxiliary traction rope is perpendicular to the auxiliary traction motor connected with the auxiliary traction rope.
By adopting the technical scheme, the auxiliary traction motor can transmit traction force to the drill rod through the auxiliary traction rope, and the plane where the auxiliary traction rope is located and the auxiliary traction motor are vertically arranged, so that useless force component generated in the working process can be reduced, and the energy consumption is effectively reduced.
The invention is further arranged that the primary working platform is square, the main crown block comprises a primary fixing transverse plate arranged on the primary working platform, the primary fixing transverse plate is arranged at the edge of the primary working platform and is parallel to the edge, the main pulley is arranged at the center of the primary fixing transverse plate, a secondary fixing transverse plate is also arranged on the primary working platform, the secondary fixing transverse plate is arranged parallel to the primary fixing transverse plate and is arranged at the edge of the primary working platform, the auxiliary pulley type crown block comprises a tertiary fixing transverse plate arranged above the primary fixing transverse plate and the secondary fixing transverse plate, the auxiliary pulley is arranged on the tertiary fixing transverse plate, one end of the tertiary fixing transverse plate is arranged at the center of the primary fixing transverse plate, and the other end of the tertiary fixing transverse plate is arranged at one end of the secondary fixing transverse plate, and the included angle between the two three-stage fixed transverse plates is 30-45 degrees.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the fixed diaphragm of one-level is used for realizing the fixed of main overhead traveling crane, and second grade diaphragm and tertiary diaphragm are used for realizing the fixed of two supplementary pulley type overhead traveling cranes, are provided with the contained angle between two tertiary fixed diaphragms, can reduce the spatial position of bottom surface department hoist unit and occupy for the area of holistic hoist system device reduces, is applicable to different operational environment more, and makes three-dimensional coaxial line between two supplementary pulley type overhead traveling cranes and main overhead traveling crane rim.
The semi-automatic unhooking type elevator further comprises an elevator main body and an elevator hanging ring, wherein the elevator hanging ring is connected with the auxiliary traction rope lock, the elevator main body comprises a primary section and a secondary section located above the primary section, the primary section is a solid cylinder, the secondary section is a hollow cylinder with the diameter larger than that of the primary section, the primary section is inserted into the elevator hanging ring, an accommodating opening is formed in one surface, far away from the primary section, of the secondary section, an auxiliary hanging piece used for connecting a drill rod is arranged in the accommodating opening, and a locking piece used for fixing the auxiliary hanging piece is arranged on the side wall of the secondary section.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the elevator main part be used for realizing with the drilling rod tip between the high-speed joint, elevator rings be used for realizing with the supplementary rope that pulls between be connected, the one-level section is used for realizing being connected between elevator main part and the elevator rings. Wherein, because the tip of drilling rod generally has the shape of multiple difference, so set up supplementary articulate the piece, supplementary articulate the one end of piece and the end connection of drilling rod, the other end and the second grade section of supplementary articulate the piece between the cooperation be connected to realize supplementary articulate quick fixed of piece in the elevator main part through the retaining member.
The invention is further arranged in that the locking part comprises four rotary lock hooks arranged on the side wall of the secondary section, four mounting holes are correspondingly formed in the side wall of the secondary section, the rotary lock hooks are hinged with the mounting holes, the rotary lock hooks are in a step shape and comprise a first-stage step, a second-stage step and a third-stage step which are gradually contracted inwards, a clamping ring groove for clamping the first-stage step is formed in the surface of the auxiliary hanging part, positioning holes are formed in the tail end of the third-stage step and the corresponding positions of the side wall of the secondary section, and positioning pins are inserted into the positioning holes when the third-stage step is attached to the side wall of the secondary section.
By adopting the technical scheme, the rotary lock hook is hinged with the mounting hole, so the rotary lock hook can rotate in a vertical plane, when the auxiliary hanging piece is connected with the drill rod, a worker inserts one end, far away from the drill rod, of the auxiliary hanging piece into the secondary section and continuously extends into the secondary section, and the outer wall of the auxiliary hanging piece has a limiting effect on the rotary lock hook, so the rotary lock hook is always in an unfolded state; when the joint annular groove of supplementary piece of hanging removed the position to one-level ladder, one-level ladder can be in joint annular inslot free rotation, and the staff need slowly be closed and make one-level ladder be located the joint annular groove with rotatory latch hook, releases the drilling rod afterwards, and the drilling rod drives one-level ladder and rotates and make rotatory latch hook rotate wholly because gravity whereabouts, joint annular groove when the whereabouts. When the rotatory latch hook rotates to complete closed state, the lateral surface butt of tertiary ladder and second grade section, the lateral surface butt of second grade ladder and supplementary piece of hanging for one-level ladder stall, thereby make the drilling rod stop the whereabouts, and realize the rigidity in the elevator main part, insert the locating pin after fixed in order to improve the connection stability between supplementary piece of hanging and the elevator main part in the locating hole.
When needs break away from between drilling rod and the elevator main part, the staff can lift the drilling rod, or fix the lower extreme of drilling rod, move the elevator main part down, even make and take place relative slip between elevator main part and the supplementary piece of hanging, the lower extreme of one-level ladder receives the limiting displacement of joint ring groove and takes place rotatoryly, thereby make closed rotatory latch hook expand gradually, when rotatory latch hook rotates to the position of expanding completely, break away from completely between rotatory latch hook and the supplementary piece of hanging, the staff need compress tightly the tip of rotatory latch hook and make and keep the state that breaks away from completely between rotatory latch hook and the supplementary piece of hanging, can realize breaking away from fast between drilling rod and the elevator main part.
The invention is further provided that one end of the positioning pin is fixed at the upper end position of the outer side surface of the first stage section through a connecting rope.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, connect the rope through the setting, can realize the temporary fixation of locating pin when need not to use the locating pin, reduced the possibility that the locating pin loses, the convenient degree of staff's during operation of improvement.
The invention is further arranged that the top end of the primary section is fixedly connected with a limiting disc with the diameter larger than that of the secondary section, the lower end of the hoisting ring of the elevator is connected with a buffer member, two ends of the buffer member are communicated, a primary cavity and a secondary cavity positioned below the primary cavity are formed inside the buffer member, the inner diameter of the primary cavity is the same as the diameter of the limiting disc, the inner diameter of the secondary cavity is 1.1 to 1.2 times of the diameter of the secondary section, one end of the secondary cavity close to the elevator main body extends inwards to form an abutting ring, the radial thickness of the abutting ring is the same as the difference between the diameter of the secondary section and the inner diameter of the secondary cavity, a hard spring is sleeved on the secondary section, one end of the hard spring is abutted with the end face of the limiting disc close to the elevator main body, the other end of the hard spring is abutted against the surface of the abutting ring far away from the elevator main body.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the setting up of stereoplasm spring can play the effect of buffering to the ascending impact force of axial that the elevator main part produced in the use, reduces axial impact force and produces too big effort to the primary segment to play the guard action to the primary segment, reduce the condition emergence that the primary segment breaks.
In conclusion, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the main winch and the auxiliary winch are arranged, so that the effect of improving the drilling efficiency can be achieved;
2. through the arrangement of the first-stage fixing transverse plate, the second-stage fixing transverse plate and the third-stage fixing transverse plate, the effect of fixing the main crown block and the auxiliary pulley type crown block can be achieved, and meanwhile, the effect of reducing the overall occupied area of a hoisting system device can be achieved;
3. through the setting of semi-automatic formula elevator of taking off, can play the effect that realizes the quick installation of drilling rod and dismantlement.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of an overall structure of a hoisting system device for improving the efficiency of offshore engineering geological drilling in the embodiment.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion a in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the semi-automatic off-hook elevator of the present embodiment when closed.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view showing the structure of the semi-automatic off-hook elevator of the present embodiment when it is deployed.
In the figure, 1, a drill tower frame; 11. tower legs; 12. a first-stage working platform; 121. a first-stage fixed transverse plate; 122. fixing the transverse plate at a second stage; 123. fixing the transverse plate in three stages; 2. a winch set; 21. a main hoist; 211. a main pulley; 212. a main traction motor; 213. a main traction rope; 22. an auxiliary hoist; 221. an auxiliary pulley; 222. an auxiliary traction motor; 223. an auxiliary traction rope; 3. a combined crown block; 31. a main crown block; 32. an auxiliary pulley type crown block; 4. a drilling machine; 5. a semi-automatic off-hook elevator; 51. an elevator body; 52. a first stage; 521. a limiting disc; 53. a second stage; 531. an accommodation opening; 532. auxiliary hanging parts; 5321. clamping the ring groove; 533. a locking member; 534. mounting holes; 535. connecting ropes; 54. rotating the latch hook; 541. a first-stage ladder; 542. a second step; 543. three-stage stairs; 544. positioning holes; 545. positioning pins; 55. an elevator hoist ring; 56. a buffer member; 561. a primary cavity; 562. a secondary cavity; 563. a butting ring; 564. a hard spring.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, in order to provide a hoisting system device for improving the offshore engineering geological drilling hoisting efficiency, the invention discloses a drilling tower frame 1, a hoisting unit 2 and a combined crown block 3, wherein a drilling machine 4 is arranged at the bottom of the drilling tower frame 1, and the drilling tower frame 1 comprises four tower legs 11 and a first-stage working platform 12 positioned at the top ends of the four tower legs 11. One-level work platform 12 is square, main day car 31 is including setting up the fixed diaphragm 121 of one-level on one-level work platform 12, the fixed diaphragm 121 of one-level sets up at the border of one-level work platform 12 and parallel with this border, main pulley 211 sets up the center department at the fixed diaphragm 121 of one-level, still be provided with the fixed diaphragm 122 of second grade on the one-level work platform 12, the fixed diaphragm 122 of second grade and the fixed diaphragm 121 parallel arrangement of one-level and set up the border at one-level work platform 12, supplementary pulley 221 formula overhead traveling crane is including setting up the fixed diaphragm 123 of tertiary fixed diaphragm 121 and the fixed diaphragm 122 of second grade top at one-level, supplementary pulley 221 sets up on the fixed diaphragm 123 of tertiary, the one end setting of the fixed diaphragm 123 of tertiary fixed diaphragm 121 of one-level department, the other end setting of the fixed diaphragm 123 of tertiary fixed diaphragm 122 is in the one end of second grade diaphragm, the. In this embodiment, an included angle between the two third-stage fixing transverse plates 123 is 45 degrees. The one-level fixing transverse plate 121 is used for fixing the main crown block 31, the second-level transverse plate and the third-level transverse plate are used for fixing the two auxiliary pulley 221 type crown blocks, an included angle is formed between the two third-level fixing transverse plates 123, occupation of the space position of the hoisting unit 2 at the bottom surface can be reduced, and the whole hoisting system device is small in occupied area and more suitable for different working environments.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the hoisting unit 2 includes a main hoisting machine 21 and two auxiliary hoisting machines 22, the combined type overhead traveling crane 3 is disposed on the first-stage working platform 12 and includes a main overhead traveling crane 31 and two auxiliary sheave 221 type overhead traveling cranes, the hoisting unit 2 is electrically connected with the PLC controller 6, and the combined type overhead traveling crane 3 is electrically connected with the PLC controller 6. The main winch 21 includes a main sheave 211 provided on the main crown block 31 and a main traction motor 212 provided on the drilling machine, a main traction rope 213 is provided between the main traction motor 212 and the main sheave 211, and a plane where the main traction rope 213 is located is provided perpendicular to the main traction motor 212. The auxiliary hoist 22 includes an auxiliary sheave 221 provided on the auxiliary sheave 221 type crown block and an auxiliary traction motor 222 provided at the bottom of the drill tower frame 1, auxiliary traction ropes 223 are provided between the auxiliary traction motor 222 and the auxiliary sheave 221, and the planes of the auxiliary traction ropes 223 are arranged perpendicular to the auxiliary traction motor 222 connected thereto. The main traction motor 212 can transmit traction force to the drill rod through the main traction rope 213, and the plane of the main traction rope 213 is perpendicular to the main traction motor 212, so that useless force components generated in the working process can be reduced, and the energy consumption is effectively reduced. The auxiliary traction motor 222 can transmit traction force to the drill rod through the auxiliary traction rope 223, and the plane where the auxiliary traction rope 223 is located is perpendicular to the auxiliary traction motor 222, so that useless force components generated in the working process can be reduced, and energy consumption is effectively reduced.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, the semi-automatic unhooking elevator 5 comprises an elevator main body 51 and an elevator hanging ring 55, the elevator hanging ring 55 is connected with the auxiliary traction rope lock, the elevator main body 51 comprises a first stage 52 and a second stage 53 above the first stage 52, the first stage 52 is a solid cylinder, the top end of the first stage 52 is fixedly connected with a limiting disc 521 the diameter of which is larger than that of the second stage 53, the lower end of the elevator hanging ring 55 is connected with a buffer 56, two ends of the buffer 56 are communicated, a first stage cavity 561 and a second stage cavity 562 which is positioned below the first stage cavity 561 are formed inside the buffer 56, the inner diameter of the first stage cavity 561 is the same as that of the limiting disc 521, the inner diameter of the second stage 562 is 1.1 to 1.2 times of the diameter of the second stage 53, one end of the second stage cavity 562 which is close to the elevator main body 51 extends inwards to form an abutting ring 563, the radial thickness of the abutting ring 563 is the same as the difference between, the secondary section 53 is sleeved with a hard spring 564, one end of the hard spring 564 is abutted to the end face of the limiting disc 521 close to the elevator main body 51, and the other end of the hard spring 564 is abutted to the surface of the abutment ring 563 far away from the elevator main body 51.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, the secondary section 53 is a hollow cylinder with a diameter larger than that of the primary section 52, the primary section 52 is inserted into the elevator hanging ring 55, an accommodating opening 531 is formed in one surface of the secondary section 53 away from the primary section 52, an auxiliary hanging piece 532 for connecting a drill rod is arranged in the accommodating opening 531, and a retaining piece 533 for fixing the auxiliary hanging piece 532 is arranged on the side wall of the secondary section 53. The locking member 533 comprises four rotary locking hooks 54 arranged on the side wall of the second-stage section 53, four mounting holes 534 are correspondingly formed in the side wall of the second-stage section 53, the rotary locking hooks 54 are hinged to the mounting holes 534, each rotary locking hook 54 is in a step shape and comprises a first-stage step 541 gradually retracted, second-stage steps 542 and third-stage steps 543, the surface of the auxiliary hanging piece 532 is provided with a clamping ring groove 5321 for clamping the first-stage steps 541, positioning holes are formed in the tail end of the third-stage step 543 and the corresponding positions of the side wall of the second-stage section 53, and when the third-stage step 543 is attached to the side wall of the second-stage section. The one end of locating pin 545 is fixed in the upper end position of first stage 52 lateral surface through connecting rope 535, connects rope 535 through the setting, can reduce the possibility that locating pin 545 loses, improves the convenient degree of staff's during operation simultaneously.
The implementation principle of the embodiment is as follows: by arranging the main winch 21 and the two auxiliary winches 22, the main winch 21 is mainly used for hoisting and lowering the drill rod on the drilling machine 4, and the main winch 21 generally adopts a winch with larger power and is reserved with enough spare allowance for drilling of the drilling machine 4 and pulling of the casing. The auxiliary hoist 22 can lift or lower the drill rod by using a relay mode, so that the auxiliary working time for lifting or lowering the drill rod is shortened, the semi-automatic hanging-off type elevator is arranged at the tail end of the auxiliary hoist 22, and the semi-automatic hanging-off type elevator 5 can quickly realize the connection and the disconnection of the drill rod. The auxiliary hoist 22 is generally a hoist with a high hoisting or lowering speed, and can effectively increase the hoisting and lowering speed of the drill rod. The PLC controller 6 may be programmed or manually controlled, and may implement full-automatic or semi-automatic control of the main hoist 21 and the auxiliary hoist 22. The main winding machine 21 and the auxiliary winding machine 22 work together to effectively improve the efficiency of the drilling operation.
The elevator body 51 is used for realizing quick connection with the end of a drill rod, the elevator hoisting ring 55 is used for realizing connection with the auxiliary traction rope 223, and the first-stage section 52 is used for realizing connection between the elevator body 51 and the elevator hoisting ring 55. Wherein, because the tip of drilling rod generally has multiple different shapes, so set up supplementary hitching member 532, the end connection of supplementary hitching member 532, the other end and the second grade section 53 of supplementary hitching member 532 between the cooperation be connected to realize the quick fixity of supplementary hitching member 532 on elevator main part 51 through retaining member 533. In steam, the specific working mode of the locking member 533 is that the rotating locking hook 54 is hinged to the mounting hole 534, so that the rotating locking hook 54 can rotate in a vertical plane, when the auxiliary hanging member 532 is connected to the drill rod, a worker inserts one end of the auxiliary hanging member 532, which is far away from the drill rod, into the secondary section 53 and continuously extends into the secondary section 53, and since the outer wall of the auxiliary hanging member 532 has a limiting effect on the rotating locking hook 54, the rotating locking hook 54 is always in an unfolded state; when the clamping ring groove 5321 of the auxiliary hanging piece 532 moves to the position of the first-stage step 541, the first-stage step 541 can freely rotate in the clamping ring groove 5321, a worker needs to slowly close the rotary locking hook 54 and enable the first-stage step 541 to be located in the clamping ring groove 5321, then a drill rod is released, and the clamping ring groove 5321 drives the first-stage step 541 to rotate and enables the rotary locking hook 54 to integrally rotate when the drill rod falls due to gravity. When the rotary lock hook 54 rotates to a completely closed state, the third-stage step 543 abuts against the outer side surface of the second-stage section 53, the second-stage step 542 abuts against the outer side surface of the auxiliary hanging piece 532, so that the first-stage step 541 stops rotating, the drill rod stops falling, position fixing in the elevator main body 51 is achieved, and after fixing, the positioning pin 545 is inserted into the positioning hole to improve the connection stability between the auxiliary hanging piece 532 and the elevator main body 51.
When the drill rod and the elevator main body 51 need to be separated, a worker can lift the drill rod or fix the lower end of the drill rod and move the elevator main body 51 downwards, namely, the elevator main body 51 and the auxiliary hanging piece 532 slide relatively, the lower end of the first-stage step 541 rotates under the limiting action of the clamping ring groove 5321, so that the closed rotary locking hook 54 is gradually unfolded, when the rotary locking hook 54 rotates to a completely unfolded position, the rotary locking hook 54 and the auxiliary hanging piece 532 are completely separated, the worker needs to press the end of the rotary locking hook 54 to enable the rotary locking hook 54 and the auxiliary hanging piece 532 to be kept in a completely separated state, and the drill rod and the elevator main body 51 can be quickly separated.
The hard spring 564 is arranged to buffer the axial impact force generated by the elevator body 51 during use, so as to reduce the excessive acting force generated by the axial impact force on the first stage 52, protect the first stage 52, and reduce the occurrence of fracture of the first stage 52.
The embodiments of the present invention are preferred embodiments of the present invention, and the scope of the present invention is not limited by these embodiments, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the invention are covered by the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an improve offshore engineering geological drilling lifting efficiency's hoist system device, includes pylon (1), hoist unit (2) and combination formula overhead traveling crane (3), pylon (1) bottom is provided with rig (4), its characterized in that: the drilling tower frame (1) comprises four tower legs (11) and a first-stage working platform (12) located at the top ends of the four tower legs (11), the winch unit (2) comprises a main winch (21) and two auxiliary winches (22), the combined type crown block (3) is arranged on the first-stage working platform (12) and comprises a main crown block (31) and two sets of auxiliary pulley (221) type crown blocks, the hoisting end of each auxiliary winch (22) is provided with a semi-automatic hanging-off type elevator, the winch unit (2) is electrically connected with a PLC, and the combined type crown block (3) is electrically connected with the PLC.
2. The hoisting system device for improving the offshore engineering geological drilling lifting efficiency according to claim 1, characterized in that: the main winch (21) comprises a main pulley (211) arranged on the main overhead crane (31) and a main traction motor (212) arranged on the drilling machine (4), a main traction rope (213) is arranged between the main traction motor (212) and the main pulley (211), and the plane where the main traction rope (213) is located is perpendicular to the main traction motor (212).
3. The hoisting system device for improving the offshore engineering geological drilling lifting efficiency according to claim 2, characterized in that: the auxiliary winch (22) comprises an auxiliary pulley (221) arranged on the auxiliary pulley (221) type crown block and an auxiliary traction motor (222) arranged at the bottom of the drilling tower frame (1), and an auxiliary traction rope (223) is arranged between the auxiliary traction motor (222) and the auxiliary pulley (221).
4. The hoisting system device for improving the offshore engineering geological drilling lifting efficiency according to claim 3, characterized in that: the one-level working platform (12) is square, the main crown block (31) comprises a one-level fixed transverse plate (121) arranged on the one-level working platform (12), the one-level fixed transverse plate (121) is arranged at the edge of the one-level working platform (12) and is parallel to the edge, the main pulley (211) is arranged at the center of the one-level fixed transverse plate (121), a second-level fixed transverse plate (122) is further arranged on the one-level working platform (12), the second-level fixed transverse plate (122) is parallel to the one-level fixed transverse plate (121) and is arranged at the edge of the one-level working platform (12), the auxiliary pulley (221) type comprises a third-level fixed transverse plate (123) arranged above the one-level fixed transverse plate (121) and the second-level fixed transverse plate (122), and the auxiliary pulley (221) is arranged on the third-level fixed transverse plate (123), the one end setting of tertiary fixed diaphragm (123) is in the center department of one-level fixed diaphragm (121), the other end setting of tertiary fixed diaphragm (123) is in the one end of second grade fixed diaphragm (122), two contained angle between tertiary fixed diaphragm (123) is 30 to 45 degrees.
5. The hoisting system device for improving the offshore engineering geological drilling lifting efficiency according to claim 4, characterized in that: the semi-automatic hanging type elevator (5) comprises an elevator main body (51) and an elevator hanging ring (55), the elevator hoist ring (55) is connected with the auxiliary traction rope lock, the elevator main body (51) comprises a primary section (52) and a secondary section (53) positioned above the primary section (52), the primary section (52) is a solid cylinder, the secondary section (53) is a hollow cylinder with a diameter larger than that of the primary section (52), the first stage (52) is inserted into the elevator hoist ring (55), the side of the secondary section (53) far away from the primary section (52) is provided with an accommodating opening (531), an auxiliary hanging piece (532) used for connecting a drill rod is arranged in the accommodating opening (531), the side wall of the secondary section (53) is provided with a locking piece (533) used for fixing the auxiliary hanging piece (532).
6. The hoisting system device for improving the offshore engineering geological drilling lifting efficiency according to claim 5, characterized in that: retaining member (533) are in including four settings rotatory latch hook (54) of secondary stage (53) lateral wall, four mounting holes (534) have been seted up to secondary stage (53) lateral wall correspondence, rotatory latch hook (54) with it is articulated between mounting hole (534), rotatory latch hook (54) are the echelonment and including one-level ladder (541), second grade ladder (542) and tertiary ladder (543) that gradually contracts, supplementary articulate piece (532) surface is provided with the confession joint annular (5321) of one-level ladder (541) joint, the terminal of tertiary ladder (543) with locating hole (544) have all been seted up to the relevant position of secondary stage (53) lateral wall, tertiary ladder (543) with when secondary stage (53) lateral wall laminating, the interpolation is provided with locating pin (545) in locating hole (544).
7. The hoisting system device for improving the offshore engineering geological drilling lifting efficiency according to claim 6, characterized in that: one end of the positioning pin (545) is fixed at the upper end of the outer side surface of the first stage (52) through a connecting rope (535).
8. The hoisting system device for improving the offshore engineering geological drilling lifting efficiency according to claim 7, characterized in that: the top end of the primary section (52) is fixedly connected with a limiting disc (521) with the diameter larger than that of the secondary section (53), the lower end of the lifting device hanging ring (55) is connected with a buffering element (56), two ends of the buffering element (56) penetrate through the limiting disc (521), a primary cavity (561) and a secondary cavity (562) located below the primary cavity (561) are formed in the buffering element (56), the inner diameter of the primary cavity (561) is the same as that of the limiting disc (521), the inner diameter of the secondary cavity (562) is 1.1-1.2 times of that of the secondary section (53), one end, close to the lifting device body (51), of the secondary cavity (562) extends inwards to form a butting ring (563), the radial thickness of the butting ring (563) is the same as the difference between the diameter of the secondary section (53) and the inner diameter of the secondary cavity (562), and a hard spring (564) is sleeved on the secondary section (53), one end of the hard spring (564) is abutted against the end face, close to the elevator main body (51), of the limiting disc (521), and the other end of the hard spring (564) is abutted against the surface, far away from the elevator main body (51), of the abutting ring (563).
CN201911394202.8A 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 Winch system device for improving geological drilling lifting efficiency of offshore engineering Active CN111088950B (en)

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US20160076311A1 (en) * 2014-09-17 2016-03-17 Professional Rental Tools, LLC Method and apparatus for compensated well intervention operations
CN105298390A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-02-03 仲秀 Equipment for exploiting offshore oil
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