CN111085418B - Conveniently clear agricultural planting of material uses corn seed selection machine - Google Patents

Conveniently clear agricultural planting of material uses corn seed selection machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111085418B
CN111085418B CN201911294684.XA CN201911294684A CN111085418B CN 111085418 B CN111085418 B CN 111085418B CN 201911294684 A CN201911294684 A CN 201911294684A CN 111085418 B CN111085418 B CN 111085418B
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plate
rod
seed
rotating shaft
assembly
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CN111085418A (en
Inventor
张淼
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Fanchang County Hongqing industry LLC
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Fanchang County Hongqing Industry LLC
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Priority to CN201911294684.XA priority Critical patent/CN111085418B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • B07B1/50Cleaning
    • B07B1/52Cleaning with brushes or scrapers
    • B07B1/522Cleaning with brushes or scrapers with brushes

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of paddy seed selection devices, in particular to a paddy seed selection machine convenient for material clearing and used for agricultural planting; an inclined screen is arranged in the screening cylinder, a servo motor is adopted to drive a first rotating shaft to rotate, a first gear rotates along with the first rotating shaft, and an outer gear ring is driven to drive the screening cylinder to rotate. The screen cloth follows the cylinder rotation to for the brush-holder stud removes, make the brush-holder stud dial the material to the screen cloth, and filter through the screen cloth, avoid the seed to fall and produce local after the screen cloth and pile up. The brush hair is still dialling the in-process of material, clears up the screen cloth, avoids the screen cloth to block. The telescopic and bottom ends of the spring telescopic rods are hinged with the brush rod, so that the brush rod can adapt to the change of the angle of the screen during rotation; the inclination of screen cloth from the area makes the seed exist the trend to the lower extreme water conservancy diversion all the time, and after accomplishing the screening, closes servo motor, and the brush-holder stud stops to dial the material to the screen cloth, and the lower end of screen cloth is arrived in the water conservancy diversion from not passing through the screen cloth, opens the lid of clear material mouth and can clear the tails, and is simple and convenient.

Description

Conveniently clear agricultural planting of material uses corn seed selection machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of paddy seed selection devices, in particular to a paddy seed selection machine convenient for material clearing and used for agricultural planting.
Background
The paddy belongs to gramineous rice in botany and belongs to the common rice subspecies in the common cultivated oryza.
The rice is obtained by removing glume from rice, weighing brown rice, and grinding rice bran layer to obtain the final product. Approximately half of the world population uses rice as staple food. Besides being edible, the rice can also be used as industrial raw materials for brewing wine and making sugar, and the rice hulls and rice straws can be used as livestock feed. The main production areas of Chinese rice are northeast, Yangtze river basin and Zhujiang river basin. The rice belongs to direct economic crops, the rice is staple food of residents in northeast China and residents in south China, the current domestic rice planting area is 2.45 hundred million mu of rice, and the planting area of hybrid rice is 2 hundred million mu of rice.
Rice serves as an important food source for human beings. China is one of the countries with the longest history of rice production and the most abundant genetic resources of rice.
Corn need filter corn man-hour, but, current corn screening is the manual screening of workman mostly, has increased workman's intensity of labour, has reduced the efficiency of corn screening, and it is convenient to do not have screening machine far away.
The Chinese patent with the patent number of CN201711017800.4 discloses a screening machine for rice processing, which comprises a box body, wherein a cushion block is fixedly connected to the left side of the bottom of the inner wall of the box body, a motor is fixedly connected to the top of the cushion block, a cam is fixedly connected to the output end of the motor, a vertical plate is fixedly connected to the right side of the bottom of the inner wall of the box body, a bearing is fixedly connected to the front top of the vertical plate through a pin shaft, a transmission plate is fixedly connected to the left side of the bearing, a roller is movably connected to the left side of the transmission plate, and a spring is fixedly connected to the left side of the bottom of the transmission plate. According to the screening machine for processing the rice, the box body, the cushion block, the motor, the cam, the vertical plate, the bearing, the transmission plate, the idler wheel, the spring, the partition plate, the transmission hole, the transmission rod, the vertical rod and the screen are arranged to be matched for use, the problem that the existing rice screening is mostly manual screening by workers is alleged to be solved, the screening machine for processing the rice has the advantage of efficiently screening the rice, the labor intensity of the workers is reduced, and the efficiency of rice screening is improved.
But the device utilizes the montant to drive the screen cloth and reciprocate, screens. However, in actual use, the throwing amount is inconvenient to control, a large amount of paddy directly falls on the screen, the initial load on the screen is large, the paddy easily flows into the chute, the blockage is caused to the up-and-down movement, the blocking condition is caused, and certain potential safety hazard is caused; and the tailings which do not pass through the screen at last are still left on the screen, so that the tailings are inconvenient to take out.
Therefore, the application designs a conveniently clear agricultural planting of expecting uses corn seed selection machine, solves above-mentioned problem.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
The invention aims to overcome the defects in the prior art and provide the rice seed sorter for agricultural planting, which is convenient for material clearing.
(II) technical scheme
A paddy seed sorting machine convenient for cleaning materials and used for agricultural planting comprises a frame, a driving component, a material poking component, a transmission component, a material discharging component and a dredging component;
the frame comprises a base, side plates, a top plate, a seed storage box, a screening cylinder and a seed receiving box, wherein the top plate is arranged above the base, and the right ends of the top plate and the seed storage box are connected through the side plates; a driving assembly is arranged below the left end of the top plate, a screening drum is arranged on the right side of the driving assembly, and the top of the screening drum penetrates through the top plate and is rotatably connected with the top plate through a bearing; an inclined screen is arranged at the bottom of the screening cylinder, a material cleaning port is arranged at one side of the screening cylinder corresponding to the lower part of the screen, and a cover is arranged at the material cleaning port; the bottom end of the screening cylinder is connected with a necking seed guide hopper, and a seed receiving box is arranged below the seed guide hopper; the material shifting assembly is arranged above the left part of the screen, and the seed storage box is arranged on the right side of the material shifting assembly; the seed storage box is provided with a dredging component, and the bottom of the seed storage box is provided with a discharging component; the right side of the screening cylinder is provided with a transmission assembly, and the transmission assembly is matched with a discharging assembly.
Preferably, the driving assembly comprises a mounting frame, a servo motor, a first rotating shaft, a first gear and an outer gear ring;
the mounting frame is arranged on the bottom surface of the left end of the top plate, a servo motor is fixed on the mounting frame, the output end of the servo motor extends upwards and is connected with a first rotating shaft, and a first gear is arranged on the first rotating shaft; the outer wall of the screening cylinder is provided with an outer gear ring, and the first gear is matched with the outer gear ring.
Preferably, the material stirring assembly comprises a second connecting rod, a spring telescopic rod, a brush rod and bristles;
the brush rod is arranged above the left part of the screen, bristles are uniformly arranged on the bottom edge of the brush rod, and the bristles are pressed on the screen; the spring telescopic rod is vertically arranged, the bottom end of the spring telescopic rod is hinged with the top of the brush rod, and the top end of the spring telescopic rod extends out of the screening cylinder and is fixedly connected with the top plate through a second connecting rod.
Preferably, the dredging component comprises a first transmission gear, a chain, a second transmission gear, a third rotating shaft, a helical blade and a stirring shaft;
the seed storage box is fixedly connected to the right side of the outer cylinder of the spring telescopic rod through a first connecting rod; the left end of the top of the seed storage box is provided with a seed adding port, and the bottom of the seed storage box is reduced and connected with a seed discharging pipe; the third rotating shaft is vertically arranged in the seed storage box, the upper section of the third rotating shaft is uniformly provided with a stirring shaft, and the lower section of the third rotating shaft extends into the seed discharging pipe and is provided with helical blades; the top end of the third rotating shaft extends out of the material storage box and is provided with a second transmission gear, the top end of the first rotating shaft penetrates through the top plate and is correspondingly provided with a first transmission gear, and the first transmission gear and the second transmission gear are connected through a chain in a transmission mode.
Preferably, the transmission assembly comprises a second gear, a second rotating shaft, a turntable, a convex shaft and a sleeve;
the second gear is arranged on the right side of the outer gear ring and is matched with the outer gear ring; the second gear is arranged at the bottom end of the second rotating shaft, and the second rotating shaft penetrates upwards and is rotatably connected with the top plate; a turntable is arranged at the top end of the second rotating shaft; the eccentric position of the surface of the rotary table is provided with a convex shaft, and a sleeve is arranged on the convex shaft.
Preferably, the discharging assembly comprises a first spring, a movable baffle, a discharging hole, a first pull rope, a first wire guide wheel, a second wire guide wheel, a supporting plate, a first guide rod and a first limiting plate;
the supporting plate is arranged at the left side of the seed sowing pipe and is fixedly connected to the outer wall of the seed storage box; the left end of the movable baffle is connected with a first guide rod, and the first guide rod horizontally penetrates through the supporting plate leftwards; a first limiting plate is arranged at the left end of the first guide rod, and a first spring is connected between the first limiting plate and the supporting plate; the movable baffle is arranged below the seed discharging pipe and is attached to the outlet of the seed discharging pipe; a blanking hole is formed in the movable baffle; a first wire guide wheel is arranged on the right side of the movable baffle and is also fixed on the outer wall of the seed storage box; a second wire guide wheel is arranged on the top plate; a stay cord one end is connected and is moved the baffle right-hand member, and the other end is walked around a wire wheel, No. two wire wheels and is connected the sleeve.
Preferably, a vibration component is further included; the vibration assembly is arranged on the right side of the screening drum and comprises a third wire guide wheel, a second pull rope, a first end plate, a first rod, a second rod, parallel rods, a first vertical plate and rollers;
the third wire guide wheel is arranged at the right end of the top plate; the first rod vertically penetrates through the top plate, the top end of the first rod is provided with a first end plate, and a return spring is connected between the first end plate and the top plate; the bottom end of the first rod is hinged with the top end of the second rod; the two parallel rods are arranged at intervals up and down in parallel, the right end of each parallel rod is hinged with the side plate, the left end of each parallel rod is hinged with the first vertical plate, and the parallel rod at the upper part of each parallel rod is hinged with the bottom end of the second rod; one end of the second pull rope is connected with the sleeve, and the other end of the second pull rope bypasses the third wire guide wheel and is connected with the first end plate.
Preferably, a plurality of rollers are arranged on the left side of the first vertical plate.
Preferably, the left side of the first vertical plate is provided with a second vertical plate, and the first vertical plate and the second vertical plate are connected through a second spring; a second guide rod is fixedly connected to the right side of the second vertical plate, and the right end of the second guide rod penetrates through the first vertical plate and is provided with a second limiting plate; and a plurality of rollers are arranged on the left side of the second vertical plate.
Preferably, further comprises an inoculation assembly; the inoculation assembly comprises a third pull rope, a fourth wire guide wheel, a second end plate, a moving plate, a sliding block, a sliding rail and a third spring;
the inoculation box is placed on the movable plate, the bottom of the movable plate is provided with a sliding block, the base is provided with a sliding rail in the left-right direction, and the sliding block is connected with the sliding rail in a sliding manner; a second end plate is arranged at the right end of the moving plate, and a third spring is connected between the second end plate and the side plate; a fourth wire guide wheel is arranged on the right side of the side plate; no. three stay cord one end is connected No. two end plates, and the other end passes the curb plate, walks around No. four wire wheels and No. three wire wheel back connecting sleeve.
(III) advantageous effects
The invention provides a paddy seed sorter for agricultural planting, which is convenient for material clearing and has the following advantages:
1, set up the slope screen cloth in the screen cylinder to adopt servo motor drive a pivot to rotate, a gear follows and rotates, and drive outer ring gear area screen cylinder and produce the rotation. The screen cloth follows the cylinder rotation to for the brush-holder stud removes, make the brush-holder stud dial the material to the screen cloth, and filter through the screen cloth, avoid the seed to fall and produce local after the screen cloth and pile up. The brush hair is still dialling the in-process of material, clears up the screen cloth, avoids the screen cloth to block. Meanwhile, the telescopic structure of the spring telescopic rod and the hinging of the bottom end and the brush rod can also enable the brush rod to adapt to the change of the angle when the screen rotates; the inclination of screen cloth from the area makes the seed exist the trend to the lower extreme water conservancy diversion all the time, and after accomplishing the screening, closes servo motor, and the brush-holder stud stops to dial the material to the screen cloth, and the lower end of screen cloth is arrived in the water conservancy diversion from not passing through the screen cloth, opens the lid of clear material mouth and can clear the tails, and is simple and convenient.
2, the screening cylinder rotates, and simultaneously drives the second gear to drive the second rotating shaft to rotate, so that the top turntable rotates, the convex shaft also drives the sleeve to rotate, and the sleeve generates displacement. The sleeve takes a stay cord to the action of moving baffle, cooperates a spring, makes moving baffle remove for the seed metering pipe produces, makes unloading hole and seed metering pipe export intermittent type stagger to make the seed storage box intermittent type nature fall kind, avoid falling kind too fast, the amount of falling kind how big leads to the too big condition of screening load to appear.
3, when the first rotating shaft rotates, the third rotating shaft rotates along with the first rotating shaft through the transmission of a gear and a chain, and the stirring shaft at the upper section stirs seeds to avoid agglomeration; the helical blade of the lower section generates certain driving force to the seeds, and blockage is avoided when the seeds fall.
4, still set up and shake the material subassembly, based on telescopic displacement changes, pull through No. two stay cords and put an end plate, cooperation below part dead weight and reset spring make a pole reciprocate, and then make two parallel bars swing in step through No. two poles and rotate, make a vertical board periodicity collide to the filter screen section of thick bamboo, make the screen cloth vibrations in the filter screen section of thick bamboo, filter the effect with higher speed.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only for the present invention and protect some embodiments, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a block diagram of one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a structural diagram of a driving assembly and a material pulling assembly;
FIG. 4 is a view showing the structure of the transmission assembly, the seed discharging assembly and the dredging assembly;
FIG. 5 is a block diagram of the shock assembly;
FIG. 6 is a block diagram of another embodiment of a shock assembly;
FIG. 7 is a block diagram of an inoculating module;
in the drawings, the components represented by the respective reference numerals are listed below:
1-frame, 101-base, 102-side plate, 103-top plate, 104-seed storage box, 1041-seed adding port, 1042-seed discharging pipe, 1043-first connecting rod, 105-screening cylinder, 1051-material cleaning port, 1052-seed guiding hopper, 1053-screen and 106-seed receiving box;
2-driving component, 201-mounting rack, 202-servo motor, 203-first rotating shaft, 204-first gear, 205-outer gear ring;
3-transmission component, 301-gear II, 302-rotating shaft II, 303-rotating disc, 304-protruding shaft, 305-sleeve;
4-kick-out component, 401-connecting rod II, 402-spring telescopic rod, 403-brush rod and 404-brush hair;
5-a material discharging component, 501-a spring, 502-a movable baffle, 503-a material discharging hole, 504-a pull rope, 505-a wire guide wheel, 506-a wire guide wheel, 507-a support plate, 508-a guide rod and 509-a limiting plate;
6-dredging component 601-first transmission gear, 602-chain, 603-second transmission gear, 604-third rotating shaft, 605-helical blade and 606-stirring shaft;
7-vibration component, 701-third wire guide wheel, 702-second pull rope, 703-first end plate, 704-first rod, 705-second rod, 706-parallel rod, 707-first vertical plate, 708-roller, 709-second vertical plate, 710-second spring, 711-second guide rod, 712-second limit plate and 713-return spring;
9-inoculation component, 901-third pull rope, 902-fourth wire guide wheel, 903-second end plate, 904-moving plate, 905-sliding block, 906-sliding rail and 907-third spring.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are some, but not all embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, as the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc. appear, their indicated orientations or positional relationships are based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Moreover, the terms "first," "second," and "third," if any, are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" should be interpreted broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Example 1
Referring to the attached drawings, the rice seed sorting machine convenient for agricultural planting comprises a frame 1, a driving assembly 2, a material poking assembly 4, a transmission assembly 3, a material discharging assembly 5 and a dredging assembly 6;
the frame 1 comprises a base 101, side plates 102, a top plate 103, a seed storage box 104, a screening drum 105 and a seed receiving box 106, wherein the top plate 103 is arranged above the base 101, and the right ends of the top plate and the seed storage box are connected through the side plates 102; a driving assembly 2 is arranged below the left end of the top plate 103, a screening drum 105 is arranged on the right side of the driving assembly 2, and the top of the screening drum 105 penetrates through the top plate 103 and is rotatably connected with the top plate 103 through a bearing; the bottom of the screening cylinder 105 is provided with an inclined screen 1053, one side of the screening cylinder 105, which corresponds to the lower part of the screen 1053, is provided with a material cleaning port 1051, and the material cleaning port 1051 is provided with a cover; the bottom end of the screening drum 105 is connected with a necking seed guide bucket 1052, and a seed receiving box 106 is arranged below the seed guide bucket 1052; the material poking component 4 is arranged above the left part of the screen 1053, and the seed storage box 104 is arranged on the right side of the material poking component 4; the seed storage box 104 is provided with a dredging component 6, and the bottom of the seed storage box is provided with a discharging component 5; the right side of the screening drum 105 is provided with a transmission component 3, and the transmission component 3 is matched with the discharging component 5.
Example 2
Referring to the attached drawings, the rice seed sorting machine convenient for agricultural planting comprises a frame 1, a driving assembly 2, a material poking assembly 4, a transmission assembly 3, a material discharging assembly 5 and a dredging assembly 6;
the frame 1 comprises a base 101, side plates 102, a top plate 103, a seed storage box 104, a screening drum 105 and a seed receiving box 106, wherein the top plate 103 is arranged above the base 101, and the right ends of the top plate and the seed storage box are connected through the side plates 102; a driving assembly 2 is arranged below the left end of the top plate 103, a screening drum 105 is arranged on the right side of the driving assembly 2, and the top of the screening drum 105 penetrates through the top plate 103 and is rotatably connected with the top plate 103 through a bearing; the bottom of the screening cylinder 105 is provided with an inclined screen 1053, one side of the screening cylinder 105, which corresponds to the lower part of the screen 1053, is provided with a material cleaning port 1051, and the material cleaning port 1051 is provided with a cover; the bottom end of the screening drum 105 is connected with a necking seed guide bucket 1052, and a seed receiving box 106 is arranged below the seed guide bucket 1052; the material poking component 4 is arranged above the left part of the screen 1053, and the seed storage box 104 is arranged on the right side of the material poking component 4; the seed storage box 104 is provided with a dredging component 6, and the bottom of the seed storage box is provided with a discharging component 5; the right side of the screening drum 105 is provided with a transmission component 3, and the transmission component 3 is matched with the discharging component 5.
The driving assembly 2 comprises a mounting frame 201, a servo motor 202, a first rotating shaft 203, a first gear 204 and an outer gear ring 205;
the mounting rack 201 is fixedly connected to the bottom surface of the left end of the top plate 103, a servo motor 202 is fixed on the mounting rack 201, the output end of the servo motor 202 extends upwards and is connected with a first rotating shaft 203, and a first gear 204 is arranged on the first rotating shaft 203; an outer gear ring 205 is fixed on the outer wall of the screening drum 105, and the first gear 204 is matched with the outer gear ring 205.
The material stirring assembly 4 comprises a second connecting rod 401, a spring telescopic rod 402, a brush rod 403 and bristles 404;
the brush rod 403 is arranged above the left part of the screen 1053, the bottom edge of the brush rod 403 is evenly provided with bristles 404, and the bristles 404 are pressed on the screen 1053; the spring telescopic rod 402 is vertically arranged, the bottom end of the spring telescopic rod is hinged with the top of the brush rod 403, and the top end of the spring telescopic rod extends out of the screening drum 105 and is fixedly connected with the top plate 103 through a second connecting rod 401.
Specifically, the starting servo motor 202 drives the first rotating shaft 203 to rotate, the first gear 204 rotates along with the first rotating shaft, and drives the outer gear ring 205 to rotate with the screen cylinder 105. The screen 1053 rotates along with the screen drum 105 and moves relative to the brush rod 403, so that the brush rod 403 can poke the screen 1053 and screen the screen 1053, thereby avoiding the seeds from falling on the screen 1053 and then being locally accumulated. The bristles 404 also clean the screen 1053 during the stripping process to avoid clogging of the screen 1053. Meanwhile, the self-expansion of the spring telescopic rod 402 and the hinging of the bottom end and the brush rod 403 can also make the brush rod 403 adapt to the change of the angle when the screen 1053 rotates.
The dredging component 6 comprises a first transmission gear 601, a chain 602, a second transmission gear 603, a third rotating shaft 604, a helical blade 605 and a stirring shaft 606;
the seed storage box 104 is fixedly connected to the right side of the outer cylinder of the spring telescopic rod 402 through a first connecting rod 1043; the left end of the top of the seed storage box 104 is provided with a seed adding port 1041, the bottom is necking and is connected with a seed discharging pipe 1042; the third rotating shaft 604 is vertically arranged in the seed storage box 104, the upper section of the third rotating shaft 604 is uniformly provided with a stirring shaft 606, and the lower section of the third rotating shaft 604 extends into the seed sowing pipe 1042 and is provided with helical blades 605; the top end of the third rotating shaft 604 extends out of the material storage box and is provided with a second transmission gear 603, the top end of the first rotating shaft 203 penetrates through the top plate 103 and is correspondingly provided with a first transmission gear 601, and the first transmission gear 601 and the second transmission gear 603 are in transmission connection through a chain 602.
Specifically, the seed storage box 104 is used for storing seeds to be screened, and is supplemented through the seed adding port 1041. When the first rotating shaft 203 rotates, the third rotating shaft 604 rotates along with the first rotating shaft through gear and chain transmission, and the stirring shaft 606 at the upper section stirs seeds to avoid agglomeration; the helical blade 605 of the lower section generates certain driving force to the seeds, so that the blockage during seed falling is avoided.
Wherein, the transmission component 3 comprises a second gear 301, a second rotating shaft 302, a turntable 303, a protruding shaft 304 and a sleeve 305;
the second gear 301 is arranged on the right side of the outer gear ring 205 and is matched with the outer gear ring 205; the second gear 301 is arranged at the bottom end of the second rotating shaft 302, and the second rotating shaft 302 penetrates upwards and is rotatably connected with the top plate 103; the top end of the second rotating shaft 302 is provided with a turntable 303; the eccentric position of the disk surface of the rotating disk 303 is connected with a convex shaft 304, and a sleeve 305 is arranged on the convex shaft 304.
The discharging assembly 5 comprises a first spring 501, a movable baffle 502, a blanking hole 503, a first pull rope 504, a first wire guide wheel 505, a second wire guide wheel 506, a supporting plate 507, a first guide rod 508 and a first limiting plate 509;
the supporting plate 507 is arranged at the left side of the seed sowing pipe 1042 and is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the seed storage box 104; the left end of the movable baffle 502 is connected with a first guide rod 508, and the first guide rod 508 horizontally penetrates through the supporting plate 507 leftwards; a first limiting plate 509 is fixedly connected to the left end of the first guide rod 508, and a first spring 501 is connected between the first limiting plate 509 and the supporting plate 507; the movable baffle 502 is arranged below the seed tube 1042 and is attached to the outlet of the seed tube 1042; a blanking hole 503 is formed on the movable baffle 502; a first wire guide wheel 505 is arranged on the right side of the movable baffle 502, and the first wire guide wheel 505 is also fixed on the outer wall of the seed storage box 104; a second guide wheel 506 is arranged on the top plate 103; the first pull cord 504 is connected to the right end of the movable shutter 502 at one end, and is wound around the first wire guide wheel 505 and the second wire guide wheel 506 at the other end to be connected to the sleeve 305.
Specifically, the outer gear ring 205 rotates and drives the second gear 301 to rotate with the second rotating shaft 302, so that the top rotating disc 303 rotates, and the protruding shaft 304 also rotates with the sleeve 305, so that the sleeve 305 displaces. The sleeve 305 drives a first pull rope 504 to act on the movable baffle 502, and the movable baffle 502 moves left and right relative to the seed sowing pipe by matching with a first spring 501, so that the discharging hole 503 and the outlet of the seed sowing pipe 503 are staggered intermittently, the seed storage box 104 drops seeds intermittently, and the situation that the screening load is too large due to too fast seed dropping and large seed dropping amount is avoided.
As also mentioned above, the seeds fall onto the screen 1053 and are more evenly screened by the kick-off from the brush bar 403. The inclination of screen cloth 1053 from the area makes the seed have the trend to lower extreme water conservancy diversion all the time, and after accomplishing the screening, closes servo motor 202, and brush-holder stud 403 stops dialling the material to screen cloth 4053, and the 1053 that does not pass through the screen cloth is from the water conservancy diversion to the lower extreme of screen cloth, opens the lid of clear material mouth 1051 and can carry out clear tails, and is simple and convenient.
Example 3
On the basis of the example 2, the method comprises the following steps of,
also comprises a vibration component 7; the vibrating assembly 7 is arranged on the right side of the screening drum 105 and comprises a third wire guide wheel 701, a second pull rope 702, a first end plate 703, a first rod 704, a second rod 705, a parallel rod 706, a first vertical plate 707 and a roller 708;
a third wire guide wheel 701 is arranged at the right end of the top plate 103; the first rod 704 vertically penetrates through the top plate 103, the top end of the first rod is fixedly connected with a first end plate 703, and a return spring 713 is connected between the first end plate 703 and the top plate 103; the bottom end of the first rod 704 is hinged with the top end of the second rod 705; the two parallel rods 706 are arranged at intervals up and down in parallel, the right end of each parallel rod is hinged with the side plate 102, the left end of each parallel rod is hinged with the first vertical plate 707, and the bottom ends of the upper parallel rods 706 and the second rods 705 are hinged; one end of the second pull rope 702 is connected with the sleeve 305, and the other end of the second pull rope passes around the third wire guide wheel 701 and is connected with the first end plate 703.
Specifically, based on the displacement change of the sleeve 305, the first end plate 703 is pulled and placed through the second pull rope 702, the first rod 704 is made to move up and down by matching with the dead weight of the component below and the reset spring 713, then the two parallel rods 706 are made to swing and rotate synchronously through the second rod 705, the first vertical plate 707 periodically collides with the screening cylinder 105, the screen 1053 in the screening cylinder 105 vibrates, and the screening effect is accelerated.
It should be noted that the path of vertical plate number one 707 should not interfere with discharge opening 1051.
Because the screening drum 105 also rotates during operation, when the first vertical plate 707 collides with the first vertical plate 707, certain friction exists, and the first vertical plate 707 is easily abraded, so that a plurality of rollers 708 can be selectively installed on the left side of the first vertical plate 707, the rollers 708 are used for colliding, sliding friction is switched to rolling friction, and friction loss is reduced.
Example 4
The difference from the embodiment 3 is that,
a second vertical plate 709 is arranged on the left side of the first vertical plate 707, and the first vertical plate 707 and the second vertical plate 709 are connected through a second spring 710; a second guide rod 711 is fixedly connected to the right side of the second vertical plate 709, and the right end of the second guide rod 711 penetrates through the first vertical plate 707 and is fixedly connected with a second limiting plate 712; the left side of the second vertical plate 709 is provided with a plurality of rollers 708.
Specifically, the second vertical plate 109 rotates along with the first vertical plate 707, and is guided and supported by the second guide plate 711 to keep a vertical state, the roller 708 on the left side of the second vertical plate has the same effect as that in embodiment 3, and a certain buffer area is provided by the second spring 710, so that the safety is improved.
Example 5
On the basis of the embodiment 3 or 4,
also comprises an inoculation component 9; the inoculation assembly 9 comprises a third pull rope 901, a fourth wire guide wheel 902, a second end plate 903, a moving plate 904, a sliding block 905, a sliding rail 906 and a third spring 907;
the inoculation box 106 is placed on a moving plate 904, a sliding block 905 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the moving plate 904, a sliding rail 906 in the left-right direction is arranged on the base 101, and the sliding block 905 is in sliding connection with the sliding rail 906; a second end plate 903 is fixedly connected to the right end of the moving plate 904, and a third spring 907 is connected between the second end plate 903 and the side plate 102; a fourth wire guide wheel 902 is arranged at the right side of the side plate 102; one end of a third pull rope 901 is connected with a second end plate 903, and the other end of the third pull rope penetrates through the side plate 102 and is connected with the sleeve 305 after passing around the fourth wire guide wheel 902 and the third wire guide wheel 701.
Specifically, based on the displacement change of the sleeve 305, the moving plate 904 is pulled and released through the third pull rope 901 by matching with the third spring 907, so that the moving plate 904 drives the inoculation box 106 to move left and right to uniformly receive materials.
It should be noted that the electrical components are provided with power supplies, and the control method is the prior art, and is unified here for avoiding the redundancy of description; and the present invention is primarily intended to protect mechanical devices, the control means and circuit connections will not be explained in detail herein.
In the description herein, references to the description of "one embodiment," "an example," "a specific example," etc., mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
The preferred embodiments of the invention disclosed above are intended to be illustrative only. The preferred embodiments are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise forms disclosed. Obviously, many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention. The invention is limited only by the claims and their full scope and equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. A paddy seed sorting machine convenient for material clearing for agricultural planting comprises a frame (1), wherein the frame (1) comprises a base (101), side plates (102), a top plate (103), a seed storage box (104), a screening cylinder (105) and a seed receiving box (106), the top plate (103) is arranged above the base (101), and the right ends of the top plate and the seed storage box are connected through the side plates (102), and the paddy seed sorting machine is characterized by further comprising a driving assembly (2), a material shifting assembly (4), a transmission assembly (3), a material discharging assembly (5) and a dredging assembly (6);
a driving assembly (2) is arranged below the left end of the top plate (103), a screening cylinder (105) is arranged on the right side of the driving assembly (2), and the top of the screening cylinder (105) penetrates through the top plate (103) and is rotatably connected with the top plate (103) through a bearing; an inclined screen (1053) is arranged at the bottom of the screening cylinder (105), a cleaning port (1051) is arranged at one side of the screening cylinder (105) corresponding to the lower part of the screen (1053), and a cover is arranged at the cleaning port (1051); the bottom end of the screening drum (105) is connected with a necking seed guide hopper (1052), and a seed receiving box (106) is arranged below the seed guide hopper (1052); a material poking assembly (4) is arranged above the left part of the screen (1053), and a seed storage box (104) is arranged on the right side of the material poking assembly (4); the seed storage box (104) is provided with a dredging component (6), and the bottom of the seed storage box is provided with a discharging component (5); the right side of the screening cylinder (105) is provided with a transmission component (3), and the transmission component (3) is matched with the discharging component (5);
the driving assembly (2) comprises a mounting frame (201), a servo motor (202), a first rotating shaft (203), a first gear (204) and an outer gear ring (205);
the mounting rack (201) is arranged on the bottom surface of the left end of the top plate (103), a servo motor (202) is fixed on the mounting rack (201), the output end of the servo motor (202) extends upwards and is connected with a first rotating shaft (203), and a first gear (204) is arranged on the first rotating shaft (203); an outer gear ring (205) is arranged on the outer wall of the screening drum (105), and a first gear (204) is matched with the outer gear ring (205);
the kick-out assembly (4) comprises a second connecting rod (401), a spring telescopic rod (402), a brush rod (403) and bristles (404);
the brush rod (403) is arranged above the left part of the screen (1053), the bristles (404) are uniformly arranged on the bottom edge of the brush rod (403), and the bristles (404) are pressed on the screen (1053); the spring telescopic rod (402) is vertically arranged, the bottom end of the spring telescopic rod is hinged with the top of the brush rod (403), and the top end of the spring telescopic rod extends out of the screening drum (105) and is fixedly connected with the top plate (103) through a second connecting rod (401);
the dredging component (6) comprises a first transmission gear (601), a chain (602), a second transmission gear (603), a third rotating shaft (604), a helical blade (605) and a stirring shaft (606);
the seed storage box (104) is fixedly connected to the right side of the outer cylinder of the spring telescopic rod (402) through a first connecting rod (1043); the left end of the top of the seed storage box (104) is provided with a seed adding port (1041), the bottom is reduced and connected with a seed discharging pipe (1042); the third rotating shaft (604) is vertically arranged in the seed storage box (104), the upper section of the third rotating shaft (604) is uniformly provided with a stirring shaft (606), and the lower section of the third rotating shaft (604) extends into the seed discharging pipe (1042) and is provided with a helical blade (605); the top end of the third rotating shaft (604) extends out of the material storage box and is provided with a second transmission gear (603), the top end of the first rotating shaft (203) penetrates through the top plate (103) and is correspondingly provided with a first transmission gear (601), and the first transmission gear (601) is in transmission connection with the second transmission gear (603) through a chain (602).
2. The agricultural planting rice seed sorting machine convenient for material clearing is characterized in that the transmission assembly (3) comprises a second gear (301), a second rotating shaft (302), a rotating disc (303), a protruding shaft (304) and a sleeve (305);
the second gear (301) is arranged on the right side of the outer gear ring (205) and is matched with the outer gear ring (205); the second gear (301) is arranged at the bottom end of the second rotating shaft (302), and the second rotating shaft (302) penetrates upwards and is rotatably connected with the top plate (103); the top end of the second rotating shaft (302) is provided with a turntable (303); a protruding shaft (304) is arranged at the eccentric position of the disc surface of the rotary disc (303), and a sleeve (305) is arranged on the protruding shaft (304).
3. The agricultural planting paddy sorting machine convenient for material clearing is characterized in that the discharging component (5) comprises a first spring (501), a movable baffle plate (502), a discharging hole (503), a first pull rope (504), a first wire guide wheel (505), a second wire guide wheel (506), a supporting plate (507), a first guide rod (508) and a first limiting plate (509);
the supporting plate (507) is arranged at the left side of the seed sowing pipe (1042) and is fixedly connected to the outer wall of the seed storage box (104); the left end of the movable baffle (502) is connected with a first guide rod (508), and the first guide rod (508) horizontally penetrates through the supporting plate (507) leftwards; a first limiting plate (509) is arranged at the left end of the first guide rod (508), and a first spring (501) is connected between the first limiting plate (509) and the supporting plate (507); the movable baffle (502) is arranged below the seed discharging pipe (1042) and is attached to an outlet of the seed discharging pipe (1042); a blanking hole (503) is formed in the movable baffle (502); a first wire guide wheel (505) is arranged on the right side of the movable baffle (502), and the first wire guide wheel (505) is also fixed on the outer wall of the seed storage box (104); a second wire guide wheel (506) is arranged on the top plate (103); one end of the first pull rope (504) is connected with the right end of the movable baffle (502), and the other end of the first pull rope bypasses the first wire guide wheel (505) and the second wire guide wheel (506) and is connected with the sleeve (305).
4. The agricultural planting rice seed sorting machine convenient for material cleaning according to claim 3, characterized by further comprising a vibration component (7); the vibrating assembly (7) is arranged on the right side of the screening drum (105) and comprises a third wire guide wheel (701), a second pull rope (702), a first end plate (703), a first rod (704), a second rod (705), parallel rods (706), a first vertical plate (707) and a roller (708);
the third wire guide wheel (701) is arranged at the right end of the top plate (103); the first rod (704) vertically penetrates through the top plate (103), the top end of the first rod is provided with a first end plate (703), and a return spring (713) is connected between the first end plate (703) and the top plate (103); the bottom end of the first rod (704) is hinged with the top end of a second rod (705); the two parallel rods (706) are arranged at intervals up and down in parallel, the right end of each parallel rod is hinged with the side plate (102), the left end of each parallel rod is hinged with the first vertical plate (707), and the parallel rod (706) at the upper part of each parallel rod is hinged with the bottom end of the second rod (705); one end of the second pull rope (702) is connected with the sleeve (305), and the other end of the second pull rope bypasses the third wire guide wheel (701) and is connected with the first end plate (703).
5. The agricultural planting paddy sorting machine convenient for material clearing is characterized in that a plurality of rollers (708) are arranged on the left side of the first vertical plate (707).
6. The agricultural planting rice seed sorting machine convenient for material clearing is characterized in that a second vertical plate (709) is arranged on the left side of the first vertical plate (707), and the first vertical plate (707) is connected with the second vertical plate (709) through a second spring (710); a second guide rod (711) is fixedly connected to the right side of the second vertical plate (709), the right end of the second guide rod (711) penetrates through the first vertical plate (707) and is provided with a second limiting plate (712); the left side of the second vertical plate (709) is provided with a plurality of rollers (708).
7. A conveniently cleaned agricultural planting rice seed sorting machine according to claim 5 or 6, characterized by further comprising an inoculation assembly (9); the inoculation assembly (9) comprises a third pull rope (901), a fourth wire guide wheel (902), a second end plate (903), a moving plate (904), a sliding block (905), a sliding rail (906) and a third spring (907);
the inoculation box (106) is placed on the moving plate (904), a sliding block (905) is arranged at the bottom of the moving plate (904), a sliding rail (906) in the left-right direction is arranged on the base (101), and the sliding block (905) is connected with the sliding rail (906) in a sliding mode; a second end plate (903) is arranged at the right end of the moving plate (904), and a third spring (907) is connected between the second end plate (903) and the side plate (102); a fourth wire guide wheel (902) is arranged on the right side of the side plate (102); one end of the third pull rope (901) is connected with the second end plate (903), and the other end of the third pull rope penetrates through the side plate (102) and is connected with the sleeve (305) after bypassing the fourth wire guide wheel (902) and the third wire guide wheel (701).
CN201911294684.XA 2019-12-16 2019-12-16 Conveniently clear agricultural planting of material uses corn seed selection machine Active CN111085418B (en)

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CN108686930A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-10-23 安徽广志药业有限公司 A kind of screening plant for Manufacture of medicinal slices of TCM
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