CN111054957B - Milling machine fixing tool for milling intelligent carbon sliding plate and using method thereof - Google Patents

Milling machine fixing tool for milling intelligent carbon sliding plate and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111054957B
CN111054957B CN202010061067.1A CN202010061067A CN111054957B CN 111054957 B CN111054957 B CN 111054957B CN 202010061067 A CN202010061067 A CN 202010061067A CN 111054957 B CN111054957 B CN 111054957B
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plate
motor
sliding plate
milling
sliding
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CN111054957A (en
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高智
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Datong Xincheng New Material Co Ltd
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Datong Xincheng New Material Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23CMILLING
    • B23C3/00Milling particular work; Special milling operations; Machines therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/062Work-clamping means adapted for holding workpieces having a special form or being made from a special material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/34Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2703/00Work clamping
    • B23Q2703/02Work clamping means
    • B23Q2703/04Work clamping means using fluid means or a vacuum

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Machine Tool Units (AREA)
  • Jigs For Machine Tools (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a milling machine fixing tool for milling an intelligent carbon sliding plate, which comprises a bottom plate and the carbon sliding plate, wherein two ends of the carbon sliding plate are respectively inserted into corresponding limiting cylinders; a pair of rectangular block-shaped third bases is arranged at the center of the top surface of the first sliding plate, a third telescopic cylinder with an upward output end is mounted on the top surface of each third base, and the end part of the telescopic cylinder of each third telescopic cylinder is clamped with the two sides of the middle part of the carbon sliding plate through a clamping mechanism; a rectangular long plate-shaped vertical plate is vertically arranged on the other side of the top surface of the bottom plate, and a lifting mechanism is arranged on the inner end surface of the vertical plate; a rectangular long plate-shaped transverse plate is transversely arranged right above the bottom plate, a driving mechanism is arranged on one side of the bottom surface of the transverse plate, and the other end of the bottom surface of the transverse plate is fixedly connected with the top surface of the vertical plate. The invention also discloses a use method of the milling machine fixing tool for milling the intelligent carbon sliding plate. The invention can meet the processing requirements of the carbon slide plate air passage by designing a complete set of tool structure, is convenient to disassemble and assemble, and can adapt to structures with different heights.

Description

Milling machine fixing tool for milling intelligent carbon sliding plate and using method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of carbon sliding plate machining equipment, in particular to a milling machine fixing tool for intelligent carbon sliding plate milling and a using method thereof.
Background
With the development of rail transit in China, the use amount of the carbon sliding plate is increased day by day, in the processing of the carbon sliding plate, a milling cutter is needed to process an air passage, an air passage groove is milled on a carbon strip, and then an air passage of a copper pipe, an air passage joint and the like are installed. However, no particularly good tool clamp for machining the carbon sliding plate air passage exists in the market at present, so that a tool which can meet the requirement of machining the carbon sliding plate is found, and the tool has great significance for improving the current machining efficiency.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the defects in the prior art, and provides a milling machine fixing tool for milling an intelligent carbon sliding plate.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the milling machine fixing tool for milling the intelligent carbon sliding plate comprises a bottom plate and the carbon sliding plate, wherein the bottom plate is a rectangular plate horizontally and transversely placed, the carbon sliding plate is an arched long plate with a downward opening, a first sliding rail is transversely arranged on one side of the top surface of the bottom plate, the first sliding rail is in a T-shaped long strip shape, the middle part of the first sliding rail is provided with a rectangular plate-shaped first sliding plate, the bottom surface of the first sliding rail is transversely sunken with a first sliding groove in an inverted T shape, and the first sliding rail is slidably clamped in the first sliding groove; rectangular plate-shaped baffles are longitudinally arranged on two sides of the top surface of the first sliding plate, a through second bearing hole is transversely recessed in the top of each baffle, a second bearing is mounted in each second bearing hole, a driven shaft is inserted in each second bearing, a rectangular block-shaped limiting block is arranged at the inner end of each driven shaft, a limiting cylinder which is vertically through is fixedly connected to the outer end surface of each limiting block, and two ends of the carbon sliding plate are respectively inserted in the corresponding limiting cylinders; a pair of rectangular block-shaped third bases is arranged at the center of the top surface of the first sliding plate, a third telescopic cylinder with an upward output end is mounted on the top surface of each third base, and the end part of the telescopic cylinder of each third telescopic cylinder is clamped with the two sides of the middle part of the carbon sliding plate through a clamping mechanism; a rectangular long plate-shaped vertical plate is vertically arranged on the other side of the top surface of the bottom plate, and a lifting mechanism is arranged on the inner end surface of the vertical plate; the bottom plate is characterized in that a rectangular long plate-shaped transverse plate is transversely arranged right above the bottom plate, a driving mechanism is arranged on one side of the bottom surface of the transverse plate, and the other end of the bottom surface of the transverse plate is fixedly connected with the top surface of the vertical plate.
Preferably, a second motor hole is transversely recessed at the bottom of the baffle plate on one side of the top surface of the first sliding plate, a second motor with an outward output end is installed in the second motor hole, a second coupler is coaxially connected to the end part of a motor shaft of the second motor, a driving shaft is coaxially connected to the output end of the outer side of the second coupler, and a first belt pulley is coaxially sleeved at the outer end part of the driving shaft; and a second belt pulley is sleeved at the outer end of the driven shaft at the same side of the driving shaft, and a transmission belt is sleeved on the first belt pulley and the second belt pulley in a movable fit manner.
Preferably, a trapezoidal heightening table is arranged on the top surface of the bottom plate and positioned outside the inner end of the first slide rail, a rectangular block-shaped first base is arranged on the top surface of the heightening table, a first telescopic cylinder with an outward output end is transversely installed on the outer end surface of the first base, a first connecting block is arranged at the end part of a telescopic rod of the first telescopic cylinder, a trapezoidal connecting block is fixedly connected to the other side of the top surface of the first slide plate, and the outer end surface of the first connecting block is fixedly connected with the outer end surface of the connecting block; four corners of the bottom surface of the bottom plate are respectively provided with a roller support, the roller supports are U-shaped plates with downward openings, and the bottom of each roller support is movably hinged with a roller through a roller shaft.
Preferably, the clamping mechanism comprises a fixing block, a limiting rod, a clamping rod and a clamping block, the end part of the telescopic cylinder of the third telescopic cylinder is provided with a T-shaped block-shaped fixing block, the top surface of the fixing block is transversely recessed with a limiting groove, the center of the inner bottom surface of each fixing block is provided with a supporting spring, the top surface of each supporting spring is provided with a supporting block, and the top surface of each supporting block is provided with a limiting rod penetrating through the limiting groove; two end faces of each supporting block are in a channel steel shape with outward notches, and two end faces of each supporting block are hinged with the bottom end of the connecting rod through pin shafts; each clamping rod is in a U-shaped rod shape with an inward opening, each connecting rod is hinged with one end of the bottom of each clamping rod through a pin shaft, the middle parts of two sides in each fixing block are respectively provided with a single lug seat, and the other end of the bottom of each clamping rod is hinged with the corresponding single lug seat through a pin shaft; a hemispherical clamping block is arranged at the top end of each clamping rod; two clamping blocks on the same fixed block are clamped on the front end face and the rear end face of the carbon sliding plate respectively, and the top end of the limiting rod abuts against the bottom face of the carbon sliding plate.
Preferably, the lifting mechanism comprises a first motor, a threaded rod, a threaded cylinder, a third sliding rail and a third sliding plate, a first motor groove is formed in the other side of the top surface of the bottom plate, which is close to the vertical plate, in a concave position, a first motor with an upward output end is installed in the first motor groove, a first coupler is coaxially connected to the end part of a motor shaft of the first motor, a threaded rod is coaxially connected to the outer side surface of the first coupler, a first bearing groove is formed in the position, corresponding to the first motor groove, of the bottom surface of the transverse plate, a first bearing is installed in the first bearing groove, and the top end of the threaded rod is fixedly connected with a steel ring in the first bearing; a threaded barrel is arranged in the middle of the threaded rod in a spiral sleeve mode, a third rectangular groove is vertically recessed in the inner end face of the vertical plate, a third sliding rail is mounted in the third rectangular groove and is in a T-shaped long strip shape, a third sliding plate is arranged in the middle of the third sliding rail and corresponds to the threaded barrel, a T-shaped third sliding groove is vertically recessed in the inner side face of the third sliding plate, and the first sliding rail is clamped in the third sliding groove in a sliding mode; and the outer side surface of the third sliding plate is fixedly connected with the inner end surface of the threaded cylinder through a connecting plate.
Preferably, the driving mechanism comprises a second telescopic cylinder, a milling motor, a milling cutter and a bidirectional telescopic connecting rod, a second base is arranged on the outer end face of the threaded cylinder, the second telescopic cylinder with an outward output end is mounted on the outer side face of the second base, a second connecting block is arranged at the end part of the telescopic rod of the second telescopic cylinder, a milling motor box with an open bottom face is arranged on the outer side face of the second connecting block, the milling motor with the downward output end is mounted in the milling motor box, and the milling cutter is coaxially connected to the end part of a motor shaft of the milling motor; a second rectangular groove is transversely recessed on the outer side of the bottom surface of the transverse plate, a second sliding rail is arranged in the second rectangular groove, the second sliding rail is in a T-shaped long strip shape, a second sliding plate is arranged at the bottom of the second sliding rail and corresponds to the milling motor box, a T-shaped second sliding groove is transversely recessed on the top surface of the second sliding plate, and the second sliding rail is clamped in the second sliding groove in a sliding manner; and the bottom surface of the second sliding plate and the top surface of the milling motor box are fixedly connected with two ends of the bidirectional telescopic connecting rod respectively.
Preferably, the first motor is connected with the external power supply through a first motor wire, the second motor is connected with the external power supply through a second motor wire, the milling motor is connected with the external power supply through a milling motor wire, the first telescopic cylinder is connected with the external power supply through a first telescopic cylinder wire, the second telescopic cylinder is connected with the external power supply through a second telescopic cylinder wire, and the third telescopic cylinder is connected with the external power supply through a third telescopic cylinder wire.
The invention also provides a using method of the milling machine fixing tool for milling the intelligent carbon sliding plate, which comprises the following steps:
step one, controlling a first telescopic cylinder to drive a first sliding plate to transversely move along a first sliding rail, respectively inserting two ends of a carbon sliding plate into corresponding limiting cylinders by a worker, controlling a telescopic rod of a third telescopic cylinder to rise, and further driving a clamping mechanism to clamp the carbon sliding plate;
step two, the bottom of the carbon sliding plate is transversely clamped in the limiting groove, the top of the limiting rod is pressed downwards under force, the supporting block is driven to descend, the supporting spring is compressed, and meanwhile, the clamping rod is driven through the hinged connecting rod, so that the fixing block at the top end of the clamping rod is clamped on the front end face and the rear end face of the carbon sliding plate;
step three, controlling a motor shaft of the first motor to rotate, further driving a threaded rod to rotate through a first coupler, driving a third sliding plate to vertically move along a third sliding rail by matching with threads, and simultaneously driving a milling cutter in a driving mechanism to lift;
fourthly, controlling a telescopic rod of the second telescopic cylinder to stretch, further driving the milling motor and the milling cutter to transversely move, and simultaneously driving the second sliding plate to transversely move along the second sliding rail through the bidirectional telescopic connecting rod;
step five, air flue milling is carried out on the top surface of the carbon sliding plate, and after the top surface is milled; controlling the telescopic rod of the third telescopic cylinder to descend, and loosening the carbon sliding plate by the clamping mechanism;
and step six, controlling a motor shaft of a second motor to rotate, driving a driving shaft to rotate through a second coupler, driving a second belt pulley and a driven shaft to rotate through a transmission belt by a first belt pulley on the driving shaft, and then driving the carbon sliding plate to overturn, repeating the steps, and carrying out air passage milling on the bottom surface of the carbon sliding plate.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the carbon sliding plate milling machine, the first sliding plate is driven to transversely move by the first telescopic cylinder, the third telescopic cylinder is matched with the clamping mechanism to clamp and fix the carbon sliding plate, and meanwhile, the second motor drives the carbon sliding plate to turn over by the transmission belt, so that the milling work of air passages on the upper surface and the lower surface of the carbon sliding plate is facilitated, and the labor burden of workers is reduced;
2. according to the milling device, the first motor drives the threaded rod to rotate, the third sliding plate is matched to move up and down along the third sliding rail, meanwhile, the second telescopic cylinder drives the milling motor to move transversely, and the second sliding plate is matched to move transversely along the second sliding rail, so that the milling cutter can mill the carbon sliding plate conveniently, the milling surface is prevented from being replaced repeatedly by workers, and the milling efficiency of the air passage of the carbon sliding plate is improved;
in conclusion, the whole set of tool structure is designed, so that the processing requirements of the carbon slide plate air passage can be met, meanwhile, the tool structure is convenient to disassemble and assemble, and the tool structure can adapt to structures with different heights.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiment(s) of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the invention without limiting the invention. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a front sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the lift mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a clamping mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view taken at A of FIG. 1 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a flow chart of a method of use of the present invention;
number in the figure: the device comprises a bottom plate 1, a roller 11, a vertical plate 12, a first motor 13, a threaded rod 14, a threaded barrel 15, a connecting plate 16, a third sliding plate 17, a third sliding rail 18, a transverse plate 2, a second telescopic cylinder 21, a second sliding rail 22, a second sliding plate 23, a bidirectional telescopic connecting rod 24, a milling motor 25, a milling cutter 26, a heightening table 3, a first telescopic cylinder 31, a connecting block 32, a first sliding rail 33, a first sliding plate 34, a second motor 4, a driving shaft 41, a first belt pulley 42, a second belt pulley 43, a transmission belt 44, a baffle 45, a limiting barrel 46, a limiting block 47, a driven shaft 48, a carbon sliding plate 49, a third telescopic cylinder 5, a fixing block 51, a supporting spring 52, a supporting block 53, a connecting rod 54, a limiting rod 55, a single lug seat 56, a clamping rod 57 and a clamping block.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments.
Example 1: referring to fig. 1-4, the milling machine fixing tool for milling the intelligent carbon sliding plate comprises a bottom plate 1 and a carbon sliding plate 49, wherein the bottom plate 1 is a rectangular plate horizontally placed, the carbon sliding plate 49 is an arched long plate with a downward opening, a first sliding rail 33 is transversely arranged on one side of the top surface of the bottom plate 1, the first sliding rail 33 is in a T-shaped strip shape, a rectangular plate-shaped first sliding plate 34 is arranged in the middle of the first sliding rail 33, a first sliding groove in an inverted T shape is transversely recessed in the bottom surface of the first sliding rail 34, and the first sliding rail 34 is slidably clamped in the first sliding groove; rectangular plate-shaped baffles 45 are longitudinally arranged on two sides of the top surface of the first sliding plate 34, a through second bearing hole is transversely recessed in the top of each baffle 45, a second bearing is arranged in each second bearing hole, a driven shaft 48 is inserted in each second bearing, a rectangular block-shaped limiting block 47 is arranged at the inner end of each driven shaft 48, a limiting cylinder 46 which is through up and down is fixedly connected to the outer end surface of each limiting block 47, and two ends of a carbon sliding plate 49 are respectively inserted in the corresponding limiting cylinders 46; a pair of rectangular block-shaped third bases is arranged at the center of the top surface of the first sliding plate 34, a third telescopic cylinder 5 with an upward output is mounted on the top surface of each third base, the type of the third telescopic cylinder 5 is XYDAH 24-400, and the end part of the telescopic cylinder of each third telescopic cylinder 5 is clamped with the two sides of the middle part of the carbon sliding plate 49 through a clamping mechanism; a rectangular long plate-shaped vertical plate 12 is vertically arranged on the other side of the top surface of the bottom plate 1, and a lifting mechanism is arranged on the inner end surface of the vertical plate 12; the milling cutter is characterized in that a rectangular long plate-shaped transverse plate 2 is transversely arranged right above the bottom plate 1, a driving mechanism is arranged on one side of the bottom surface of the transverse plate 2, the other end of the bottom surface of the transverse plate 2 is fixedly connected with the top surface of the vertical plate 12, and the lifting mechanism is matched with the driving mechanism for use, so that the milling cutter 26 can conveniently mill in multiple directions.
In the invention, a second motor hole is transversely recessed at the bottom of the baffle 45 at one side of the top surface of the first sliding plate 34, a second motor 4 with an outward output end is installed in the second motor hole, the model of the second motor 4 is YS 7134, the end part of a motor shaft of the second motor 4 is coaxially connected with a second coupler, the output end of the outer side of the second coupler is coaxially connected with a driving shaft 41, and the outer end part of the driving shaft 41 is coaxially sleeved with a first belt pulley 42; and the outer end of the driven shaft 48 on the same side of the driving shaft 41 is sleeved with a second belt pulley 43, the first belt pulley 42 and the second belt pulley 43 are movably matched and sleeved with a transmission belt 44, and the transmission belt 44 facilitates synchronous transmission between the first belt pulley 42 and the second belt pulley 43.
In the invention, a trapezoidal heightening table 3 is arranged on the top surface of the bottom plate 1 and positioned outside the inner end of a first slide rail 33, a rectangular block-shaped first base is arranged on the top surface of the heightening table 3, a first telescopic cylinder 31 with an outward output end is transversely arranged on the outer end surface of the first base, the model of the first telescopic cylinder 31 is SJDG16-A, a first connecting block is arranged at the end part of a telescopic rod of the first telescopic cylinder 31, a trapezoidal connecting block 32 is fixedly connected to the other side of the top surface of a first sliding plate 34, and the outer end surface of the first connecting block is fixedly connected with the outer end surface of the connecting block 32; four turnings in 1 bottom surface of bottom plate all are equipped with the gyro wheel support, the gyro wheel support is the U-shaped board that the opening is down, every the bottom all is articulated through gyro wheel axle and gyro wheel 11 activity in the gyro wheel support, and gyro wheel 11 has improved the convenience that the frock removed.
In the invention, the clamping mechanism comprises a fixed block 51, a limiting rod 55, a clamping rod 57 and a clamping block 58, the end parts of the telescopic cylinders of the third telescopic cylinder 5 are respectively provided with a T-shaped block-shaped fixed block 51, the top surfaces of the fixed blocks 51 are transversely sunken with a limiting groove, the center of the inner bottom surface of each fixed block 51 is provided with a supporting spring 52, the top surface of each supporting spring 52 is provided with a supporting block 53, and the top surface of each supporting block 53 is provided with a limiting rod 55 penetrating through the limiting groove; two end faces of each supporting block 53 are channel steel with outward notches, and two end faces of each supporting block 53 are hinged with the bottom end of the connecting rod 54 through pin shafts; each clamping rod 57 is in a U-shaped rod shape with an inward opening, each connecting rod 54 is hinged with one end of the bottom of the clamping rod 57 through a pin shaft, the middle parts of two sides in each fixing block 51 are respectively provided with a single lug seat 56, and the other end of the bottom of each clamping rod 57 is hinged with the corresponding single lug seat 56 through a pin shaft; a hemispherical clamping block 58 is arranged at the top end of each clamping rod 57; two clamping blocks 58 on the same fixing block 51 are clamped on the front end face and the rear end face of the carbon sliding plate 49 respectively, the top end of the limiting rod 55 abuts against the bottom face of the carbon sliding plate 49, and the limiting rod 55 plays a role in driving clamping.
In the invention, the lifting mechanism comprises a first motor 13, a threaded rod 14, a threaded cylinder 15, a third slide rail 18 and a third slide plate 17, a first motor groove is recessed at the position, close to the vertical plate 12, of the other side of the top surface of the bottom plate 1, the first motor 13 with an upward output end is installed in the first motor groove, the model of the first motor 13 is JR 115-6, a first coupler is coaxially connected to the end part of a motor shaft of the first motor 13, the outer side surface of the first coupler is coaxially connected with the threaded rod 14, a first bearing groove is recessed at the position, corresponding to the first motor groove, of the bottom surface of the transverse plate 2, a first bearing is installed in the first bearing groove, and the top end of the threaded rod 14 is fixedly connected with a steel ring in the first bearing; a threaded barrel 15 is spirally sleeved in the middle of the threaded rod 14, a third rectangular groove is vertically recessed in the end face of the vertical plate 12, a third slide rail 18 is mounted in the third rectangular groove, the third slide rail 18 is in a T-shaped strip shape, a third slide plate 17 is arranged in the middle of the third slide rail 18 and at a position corresponding to the threaded barrel 15, a T-shaped third slide groove is vertically recessed in the inner side face of the third slide plate 17, and the first slide rail 18 is slidably clamped in the third slide groove; and the outer side surface of the third sliding plate 17 is fixedly connected with the inner end surface of the threaded cylinder 15 through a connecting plate 16, and the connecting plate 16 increases the connection stability of the third sliding plate 17 and the threaded cylinder 15.
In the invention, the driving mechanism comprises a second telescopic cylinder 21, a milling motor 25, a milling cutter 26 and a bidirectional telescopic connecting rod 24, a second base is arranged on the outer end face of the threaded cylinder 15, the second telescopic cylinder 21 with an outward output end is mounted on the outer side face of the second base, the model of the second telescopic cylinder 21 is SJDG16-A, a second connecting block is arranged at the end part of a telescopic rod of the second telescopic cylinder 21, a milling motor box with an open bottom surface is arranged on the outer side face of the second connecting block, the milling motor 25 with the downward output end is mounted in the milling motor box, the model of the milling motor 25 is DG005BT40, and the end part of a motor shaft of the milling motor 25 is coaxially connected with the milling cutter 26; a second rectangular groove is transversely recessed in the outer side of the bottom surface of the transverse plate 2, a second slide rail 22 is arranged in the second rectangular groove, the second slide rail 22 is in a T-shaped strip shape, a second slide plate 23 is arranged at the bottom of the second slide rail 22 and corresponds to the milling motor box, a T-shaped second slide groove is transversely recessed in the top surface of the second slide plate 23, and the second slide rail 22 is clamped in the second slide groove in a sliding manner; the bottom surface of the second sliding plate 23 and the top surface of the milling motor box are fixedly connected with two ends of a bidirectional telescopic connecting rod 24 respectively, the bidirectional telescopic connecting rod 24 conveniently drives the milling cutter 26 to ascend and descend vertically, and meanwhile, the second sliding plate 23 is driven to transversely move along the second sliding rail 22, so that the stability of the milling cutter 26 during working is improved.
In the present invention, the first motor 13 is electrically connected to an external power source through a first motor line, the second motor 4 is electrically connected to the external power source through a second motor line, the milling motor 25 is electrically connected to the external power source through a milling motor line, the first telescopic cylinder 31 is electrically connected to the external power source through a first telescopic cylinder line, the second telescopic cylinder 21 is electrically connected to the external power source through a second telescopic cylinder line, and the third telescopic cylinder 5 is electrically connected to the external power source through a third telescopic cylinder line.
Example 2: referring to fig. 5, in this embodiment, the present invention further provides a method for using a milling machine fixing tool for milling an intelligent carbon sliding plate, including the following steps:
step one, controlling the first telescopic cylinder 31 to drive the first sliding plate 34 to transversely move along the first sliding rail 33, respectively inserting two ends of a carbon sliding plate 49 into corresponding limiting cylinders 46 by a worker, controlling a telescopic rod of the third telescopic cylinder 5 to rise, and further driving a clamping mechanism to clamp the carbon sliding plate 49;
step two, the bottom of the carbon sliding plate 49 is transversely clamped in the limiting groove, the top of the limiting rod 55 is stressed and pressed downwards, the supporting block 53 is driven to descend, the supporting spring 52 is compressed, and meanwhile the clamping rod 57 is driven through the connecting rod 54 in a hinged relation, so that the fixing block 58 at the top end of the clamping rod 57 is clamped on the front end face and the rear end face of the carbon sliding plate 49;
step three, controlling a motor shaft of a first motor 13 to rotate, further driving a threaded rod 14 to rotate through a first coupler, driving a third sliding plate 17 to vertically move along a third sliding rail 18 by matching with a thread 15, and simultaneously driving a milling cutter 26 in a driving mechanism to lift;
step four, controlling the telescopic rod of the second telescopic cylinder 21 to stretch, further driving the milling motor 25 and the milling cutter 26 to transversely move, and simultaneously driving the second sliding plate 23 to transversely move along the second sliding rail 22 through the bidirectional telescopic connecting rod 24;
step five, the air passage milling work is carried out on the top surface of the carbon sliding plate 49, and after the top surface is milled; controlling the telescopic rod of the third telescopic cylinder 5 to descend, and loosening the carbon sliding plate by the clamping mechanism;
and step six, controlling a motor shaft of the second motor 4 to rotate, driving the driving shaft 41 to rotate through the second coupler, driving the second belt pulley 43 and the driven shaft 48 to rotate through the driving belt 44 by the first belt pulley 42 on the driving shaft 41, further driving the carbon sliding plate 49 to overturn, repeating the steps, and performing air passage milling work on the bottom surface of the carbon sliding plate 49.
The invention can meet the processing requirements of the carbon slide plate air passage by designing a complete set of tool structure, is convenient to disassemble and assemble, and can adapt to structures with different heights.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the technical solutions and the inventive concepts thereof according to the present invention should be equivalent or changed within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. A fixed frock of milling machine for milling of intelligence carbon slide, including bottom plate (1), carbon slide (49), its characterized in that: the carbon sliding plate is characterized in that the bottom plate (1) is a rectangular plate horizontally placed, the carbon sliding plate (49) is an arched long plate with a downward opening, a first sliding rail (33) is transversely arranged on one side of the top surface of the bottom plate (1), the first sliding rail (33) is in a T-shaped long strip shape, a rectangular plate-shaped first sliding plate (34) is arranged in the middle of the first sliding rail (33), a first sliding groove in an inverted T shape is transversely sunken in the bottom surface of the first sliding rail, and the first sliding rail is clamped in the first sliding groove in a sliding manner; rectangular plate-shaped baffles (45) are longitudinally arranged on two sides of the top surface of the first sliding plate (34), a through second bearing hole is transversely formed in the top of each baffle (45), a second bearing is arranged in each second bearing hole, a driven shaft (48) is inserted into each second bearing, a rectangular block-shaped limiting block (47) is arranged at the inner end of each driven shaft (48), a limiting cylinder (46) which is vertically through is fixedly connected to the outer end surface of each limiting block (47), and two ends of a carbon sliding plate (49) are respectively inserted into the corresponding limiting cylinders (46); a pair of third rectangular block-shaped bases is arranged in the center of the top surface of the first sliding plate (34), a third telescopic cylinder (5) with an upward output end is mounted on the top surface of each third base, and the end part of each telescopic cylinder of each third telescopic cylinder (5) is clamped with the two sides of the middle part of the carbon sliding plate (49) through a clamping mechanism; a rectangular long plate-shaped vertical plate (12) is vertically arranged on the other side of the top surface of the bottom plate (1), and a lifting mechanism is arranged on the inner end surface of the vertical plate (12); a rectangular long plate-shaped transverse plate (2) is transversely arranged right above the bottom plate (1), a driving mechanism is arranged on one side of the bottom surface of the transverse plate (2), and the other end of the bottom surface of the transverse plate (2) is fixedly connected with the top surface of the vertical plate (12);
a second motor hole is transversely formed in the bottom of the baffle plate (45) in a recessed mode and located on one side of the top face of the first sliding plate (34), a second motor (4) with an outward output end is installed in the second motor hole, a second coupler is coaxially connected to the end portion of a motor shaft of the second motor (4), a driving shaft (41) is coaxially connected to the output end of the outer side of the second coupler, and a first belt pulley (42) is coaxially sleeved on the outer end portion of the driving shaft (41); a second belt pulley (43) is sleeved at the outer end of the driven shaft (48) on the same side of the driving shaft (41), and a transmission belt (44) is sleeved on the first belt pulley (42) and the second belt pulley (43) in a movable fit manner;
a trapezoidal height increasing table (3) is arranged on the top surface of the bottom plate (1) and positioned on the outer side of the inner end of the first sliding rail (33), a rectangular block-shaped first base is arranged on the top surface of the height increasing table (3), a first telescopic cylinder (31) with an outward output end is transversely installed on the outer end surface of the first base, a first connecting block is arranged at the end part of a telescopic rod of the first telescopic cylinder (31), a trapezoidal connecting block (32) is fixedly connected to the other side of the top surface of the first sliding plate (34), and the outer end surface of the first connecting block is fixedly connected with the outer end surface of the connecting block (32); the four corners of the bottom surface of the bottom plate (1) are respectively provided with a roller bracket, the roller brackets are U-shaped plates with downward openings, and the bottom in each roller bracket is movably hinged with a roller (11) through a roller shaft;
the clamping mechanism comprises fixing blocks (51), limiting rods (55), clamping rods (57) and clamping blocks (58), the end parts of the telescopic cylinders of the third telescopic cylinders (5) are provided with T-shaped block-shaped fixing blocks (51), the top surfaces of the fixing blocks (51) are transversely sunken with limiting grooves, the center of the inner bottom surface of each fixing block (51) is provided with a supporting spring (52), the top surface of each supporting spring (52) is provided with a supporting block (53), and the top surface of each supporting block (53) is provided with a limiting rod (55) penetrating through the limiting grooves; two end faces of each supporting block (53) are channel steel with outward notches, and two end faces of each supporting block (53) are hinged with the bottom end of the connecting rod (54) through pin shafts; each clamping rod (57) is in a U-shaped rod shape with an inward opening, each connecting rod (54) is hinged to one end of the bottom of each clamping rod (57) through a pin shaft, the middle parts of two inner sides of each fixing block (51) are provided with single lug seats (56), and the other end of the bottom of each clamping rod (57) is hinged to the corresponding single lug seat (56) through a pin shaft; a hemispherical clamping block (58) is arranged at the top end of each clamping rod (57); two clamping blocks (58) on the same fixing block (51) are respectively clamped on the front end face and the rear end face of the carbon sliding plate (49), and the top end of the limiting rod (55) abuts against the bottom face of the carbon sliding plate (49).
2. The milling machine fixing tool for milling the intelligent carbon sliding plate according to claim 1, characterized in that: the lifting mechanism comprises a first motor (13), a threaded rod (14), a threaded barrel (15), a third sliding rail (18) and a third sliding plate (17), a first motor groove is formed in the position, close to the vertical plate (12), of the other side of the top surface of the bottom plate (1), a first motor (13) with an upward output end is installed in the first motor groove, a first coupler is coaxially connected to the end portion of a motor shaft of the first motor (13), a threaded rod (14) is coaxially connected to the outer side surface of the first coupler, a first bearing groove is formed in the position, corresponding to the first motor groove, of the bottom surface of the transverse plate (2), a first bearing is installed in the first bearing groove, and the top end of the threaded rod (14) is fixedly connected with a steel ring in the first bearing; a threaded barrel (15) is spirally sleeved in the middle of the threaded rod (14), a third rectangular groove is vertically recessed in the end face of the vertical plate (12), a third slide rail (18) is mounted in the third rectangular groove, the third slide rail (18) is in a T-shaped strip shape, a third slide plate (17) is arranged in the middle of the third slide rail (18) and corresponds to the threaded barrel (15), a T-shaped third slide groove is vertically recessed in the inner side face of the third slide plate (17), and the first slide rail (18) is clamped in the third slide groove in a sliding manner; and the outer side surface of the third sliding plate (17) is fixedly connected with the inner end surface of the threaded cylinder (15) through a connecting plate (16).
3. The milling machine fixing tool for milling the intelligent carbon sliding plate according to claim 2, characterized in that: the driving mechanism comprises a second telescopic cylinder (21), a milling motor (25), a milling cutter (26) and a two-way telescopic connecting rod (24), a second base is arranged on the outer end face of the threaded cylinder (15), the second telescopic cylinder (21) with an outward output end is mounted on the outer side face of the second base, a second connecting block is arranged at the end part of a telescopic rod of the second telescopic cylinder (21), a milling motor box with an opening bottom face is arranged on the outer side face of the second connecting block, the milling motor (25) with a downward output end is mounted in the milling motor box, and the end part of a motor shaft of the milling motor (25) is coaxially connected with the milling cutter (26); a second rectangular groove is transversely recessed in the outer side of the bottom surface of the transverse plate (2), a second sliding rail (22) is arranged in the second rectangular groove, the second sliding rail (22) is in a T-shaped long strip shape, a second sliding plate (23) is arranged at the bottom of the second sliding rail (22) and corresponds to the milling motor box, a T-shaped second sliding groove is transversely recessed in the top surface of the second sliding plate (23), and the second sliding rail (22) is clamped in the second sliding groove in a sliding manner; the bottom surface of the second sliding plate (23) and the top surface of the milling motor box are fixedly connected with two ends of a bidirectional telescopic connecting rod (24) respectively.
4. The milling machine fixing tool for milling of the intelligent carbon slide plate according to claim 3, characterized in that: first motor (13) are through first motor line and external power supply electric connection, second motor (4) are through second motor line and external power supply electric connection, mill motor (25) through milling motor line and external power supply electric connection, first telescoping cylinder (31) are through first telescoping cylinder line and external power supply electric connection, second telescoping cylinder (21) are through second telescoping cylinder line and external power supply electric connection, third telescoping cylinder (5) are through third telescoping cylinder line and external power supply electric connection.
5. The use method of the milling machine fixing tool for the intelligent carbon slide milling according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized by comprising the following steps:
step one, controlling a first telescopic cylinder (31) to drive a first sliding plate (34) to transversely move along a first sliding rail (33), respectively inserting two ends of a carbon sliding plate (49) into corresponding limiting cylinders (46) by a worker, controlling a telescopic rod of a third telescopic cylinder (5) to rise, and further driving a clamping mechanism to clamp the carbon sliding plate (49);
step two, the bottom of the carbon sliding plate (49) is transversely clamped in a limiting groove, the top of a limiting rod (55) is pressed downwards under stress, a supporting block (53) is driven to descend, a supporting spring (52) is compressed, and meanwhile a clamping rod (57) is driven through a hinged connecting rod (54), so that a fixing block at the top end of the clamping rod (57) is clamped on the front end face and the rear end face of the carbon sliding plate (49);
thirdly, controlling a motor shaft of the first motor (13) to rotate, further driving the threaded rod (14) to rotate through the first coupler, driving the third sliding plate (17) to vertically move along the third sliding rail (18) by matching with the threaded barrel (15), and simultaneously driving a milling cutter (26) in the driving mechanism to lift;
fourthly, controlling the telescopic rod of the second telescopic cylinder (21) to stretch, further driving the milling motor (25) and the milling cutter (26) to transversely move, and simultaneously driving the second sliding plate (23) to transversely move along the second sliding rail (22) through the bidirectional telescopic connecting rod (24);
step five, the top surface of the carbon sliding plate (49) is milled by an air passage, and after the top surface is milled; the telescopic rod of the third telescopic cylinder (5) is controlled to descend, and the carbon sliding plate is loosened by the clamping mechanism;
and step six, controlling a motor shaft of a second motor (4) to rotate, driving a driving shaft (41) to rotate through a second coupler, driving a second belt pulley (43) and a driven shaft (48) to rotate through a transmission belt (44) by a first belt pulley (42) on the driving shaft (41), further driving a carbon sliding plate (49) to overturn, repeating the steps, and carrying out air passage milling on the bottom surface of the carbon sliding plate (49).
CN202010061067.1A 2020-01-19 2020-01-19 Milling machine fixing tool for milling intelligent carbon sliding plate and using method thereof Active CN111054957B (en)

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