CN111016933B - Frame and air transport vehicle - Google Patents

Frame and air transport vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111016933B
CN111016933B CN201911423648.9A CN201911423648A CN111016933B CN 111016933 B CN111016933 B CN 111016933B CN 201911423648 A CN201911423648 A CN 201911423648A CN 111016933 B CN111016933 B CN 111016933B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
plates
guide
container
locking
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201911423648.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN111016933A (en
Inventor
王全虎
苏利杰
黄恒
周欢
胡跃明
宋少波
刘伟
陈治国
候建云
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CRRC Yangtze Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CRRC Yangtze Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CRRC Yangtze Co Ltd filed Critical CRRC Yangtze Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911423648.9A priority Critical patent/CN111016933B/en
Publication of CN111016933A publication Critical patent/CN111016933A/en
Priority claimed from SG11202111467QA external-priority patent/SG11202111467QA/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN111016933B publication Critical patent/CN111016933B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61BRAILWAY SYSTEMS; EQUIPMENT THEREFOR NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B61B3/00Elevated railway systems with suspended vehicles
    • B61B3/02Elevated railway systems with suspended vehicles with self-propelled vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D3/00Wagons or vans
    • B61D3/16Wagons or vans adapted for carrying special loads
    • B61D3/20Wagons or vans adapted for carrying special loads for forwarding containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D45/00Means or devices for securing or supporting the cargo, including protection against shocks
    • B61D45/007Fixing containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D47/00Loading or unloading devices combined with vehicles, e.g. loading platforms, doors convertible into loading and unloading ramps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/02Driving gear
    • B66D1/12Driving gear incorporating electric motors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/28Other constructional details

Abstract

The invention relates to a frame and an air transport vehicle. This air transportation vehicle includes the frame, the frame includes the frame, lower frame, promote the subassembly, locking device and guider, it is provided with two sets ofly relatively to follow the first direction at least to promote the subassembly, can make frame and last frame be close to each other or separate down through operating at least two sets of promotion subassemblies, locking device sets up on frame down, when frame and last frame are close to each other down, operation locking device, can make frame and last frame interlocking down, guider sets up down on the frame, when frame and last frame alternate segregation down, operation guider, can make the container of different specifications with frame quick assembly connection down. The air transport vehicle provided by the invention can realize the assembly and connection of the air transport vehicle and the container through self equipment, is simple to operate, has high automation degree and has good practicability.

Description

Frame and air transport vehicle
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of logistics transportation, and particularly relates to a frame and an air transportation vehicle.
Background
At present, the port collecting and dredging system in China is mainly completed by roads (the occupied road ratio is up to 84%), the road transportation environment pollution is large, the transportation cost is high, and particularly the problem of facility connection of the last kilometer of container ports becomes the primary problem of the development of the comprehensive transportation system in China.
In order to solve the above technical problems, an aerial rail transport device applied to port container logistics is emerging in the prior art, and an aerial rail transport line may cross roads, rivers, factories and the like, so as to solve the problem of container transportation in the last kilometer.
In the course of implementing the present invention, the applicant has found that at least the following disadvantages exist in the prior art:
in the prior art, the air transport vehicle jacks the container through the ground jacking equipment to be connected and assembled with the vehicle body of the air transport vehicle, the connection and assembly of the container and the vehicle body can be completed only by means of the external jacking equipment in the operation mode, the jacking equipment is required to be moved to a fixed place in butt joint with the vehicle body during operation, then the container is hoisted to the jacking equipment, then the jacking equipment is operated to connect and assemble the container and the vehicle body, after all containers and the vehicle body are connected and assembled, the jacking equipment is required to be moved, and the operation is complex.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention provides a frame and an air transport vehicle, which aim to solve the technical problem that the assembly and connection operation of a container and a vehicle body of the air transport vehicle in the prior art is complicated.
The invention realizes the purpose through the following technical scheme:
in one aspect, the present invention provides a vehicle frame, comprising:
an upper frame;
a lower frame;
the lifting assemblies are oppositely arranged in two groups at least along a first direction, and the lower frame and the upper frame can be close to or separated from each other by operating the lifting assemblies;
a locking device provided on the lower frame, the locking device being operable to lock the lower frame and the upper frame to each other when the lower frame and the upper frame are brought close to each other;
the guiding device is arranged on the lower frame, and when the lower frame and the upper frame are separated from each other, the guiding device is operated, so that containers of different specifications can be quickly assembled and connected with the lower frame.
Further, every group the hoisting component all includes hoist motor, wire rope and movable pulley, wherein:
the two lifting motors are oppositely arranged along a second direction, the two lifting motors are fixedly arranged on the upper frame, and the second direction is vertical to the first direction;
the movable pulleys and the lifting motors are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence manner, and the two movable pulleys are relatively and rotatably arranged on the lower frame along a second direction;
the steel wire rope, the lifting motor and the movable pulley are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence mode, the steel wire rope is provided with a first end and a second end, the first end of the steel wire rope is wound on the output end of the corresponding lifting motor, and the second end of the steel wire rope is wound on the corresponding movable pulley.
Furthermore, each group of lifting assemblies further comprises two fixed pulleys corresponding to the steel wire rope, the two fixed pulleys are oppositely arranged along a second direction, the two fixed pulleys are oppositely arranged between the two lifting motors, and the two fixed pulleys are rotatably arranged on the upper frame;
and the second ends of the two steel wire ropes respectively and sequentially pass around the corresponding movable pulley and the fixed pulley, and the second ends of the two steel wire ropes are connected together.
Furthermore, tension sensors are arranged on the two steel wire ropes connected together, and the tension sensors are arranged between the two fixed pulleys.
Furthermore, each output shaft of the lifting motor is fixedly provided with a winding drum, and the first end of the steel wire rope is wound on the corresponding winding drum of the lifting motor.
Furthermore, the lifting motor is also provided with braking parts, the braking parts and the winding drums are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence mode, and the output ends of the braking parts can operatively act on the winding drums.
Further, the locking device includes:
rotating the pin;
the lock head is fixedly arranged at the head part of the rotating pin;
the rotating handle is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the rotating pin, and a first limiting surface and a second limiting surface are arranged on the peripheral surface of the rotating handle at intervals;
the center shaft of the ejector pin and the center shaft of the rotating pin are arranged in parallel, the ejector pin can be lifted along the center shaft of the ejector pin in an operation mode, and a supporting protrusion is arranged on the ejector pin;
the limiting block is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the ejector pin and is matched with the first limiting surface or the second limiting surface in an operable manner;
the reset spring is sleeved on the top pin and arranged between the supporting protrusion and the limiting block;
the output end of the driving mechanism is connected with the rotating handle, and the rotating handle can be driven to rotate by operating the driving mechanism;
the upper frame comprises a first cover plate, the first cover plate is positioned at the bottom of the upper frame, a lock hole is formed in the first cover plate, and a lock head of the locking device can rotate in the lock hole;
the lower frame comprises second cover plates and partition plates which are arranged at intervals, the second cover plates are fixedly connected with the partition plates, the second cover plates are positioned at the tops of the lower frame, the partition plates are positioned below the second cover plates, first through holes corresponding to rotating pins of the locking devices are formed in the second cover plates and the partition plates, the rotating pins fixedly penetrate through the corresponding first through holes in the second cover plates and the partition plates, and the rotating handles are positioned below the partition plates; the second cover plate and the partition plate are respectively provided with a second through hole corresponding to the ejector pin of the locking device, the ejector pin can stretch in the second through hole of the second cover plate and the second through hole of the partition plate, and the reset spring is arranged between the support protrusion and the partition plate.
Further, still the interval is provided with lock seat and plummer on the bull pin, lock seat and the plummer sets gradually the tapered end with between the turning handle, the tapered end with first clearance has between the lock seat, the second apron card is established in the first clearance, the plummer with second clearance has between the turning handle, the baffle card is established in the second clearance, just, lock seat with be the sphere cooperation between the plummer.
Furthermore, the locking device further comprises a sleeve, the sleeve is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the partition plate, the ejector pin can stretch out and draw back in the sleeve, and the limiting block is positioned at the lower part of the sleeve.
Furthermore, the lower frame comprises a second longitudinal beam, a third cross beam and four cross beams, the middle parts of the third cross beam and the fourth cross beam are fixedly arranged on the second longitudinal beam, the number of the third cross beam and the number of the fourth cross beam are respectively arranged oppositely, the two fourth cross beams are positioned at two ends of the second longitudinal beam, and the two third cross beams are positioned between the two fourth cross beams;
the guide device comprises a first guide plate, a second guide plate and a third guide plate, the two ends of each third cross beam and the two ends of each fourth cross beam are provided with the first guide plates oppositely, the two first guide plates on each third cross beam and the four cross beams are arranged along the transverse direction, and the guide surfaces of the two first guide plates on each third cross beam and the four cross beams are arranged oppositely;
each third cross beam is also provided with the second guide plate, the second guide plates on the two third cross beams are oppositely arranged along the longitudinal direction, the guide surfaces of the second guide plates on the two third cross beams are oppositely arranged, and the second guide plates and the third cross beams are connected in a turnover manner;
the number of the third guide plates is two, the two third guide plates are oppositely arranged at two ends of the second longitudinal beam, guide surfaces of the two third guide plates are oppositely arranged, and the third guide plates can stretch along the length direction of the second longitudinal beam.
In another aspect, the invention also provides an air transportation vehicle, which comprises the frame.
The beneficial effects of the invention at least comprise:
the invention provides an air transport vehicle, which comprises a vehicle frame, wherein an upper vehicle frame of the vehicle frame can be hung on an air track through a bogie, a lower vehicle frame is used for assembling with a container, the lower vehicle frame and the upper vehicle frame can be close to or separated from each other by operating at least two groups of lifting assemblies, the lower vehicle frame and the upper vehicle frame are operated to be in a separated state, the container is hoisted to the lower vehicle frame at the moment, then the lower vehicle frame and the upper vehicle frame are operated to be in a close state, and a locking device is operated to lock the lower vehicle frame and the upper vehicle frame with each other, so that the assembly connection of the container air transport vehicle and the container is realized; the unloading action of the container is opposite.
Therefore, the aerial transport vehicle provided by the invention can realize the assembly and connection of the aerial transport vehicle and the container through self equipment, is simple to operate, has high automation degree and has good practicability.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings based on these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of an aerial delivery vehicle according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the upper frame of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the lower frame in FIG. 1
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the arrangement of the lifting assembly on the frame according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the lifting assembly;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of the first cover plate in FIG. 2;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of the second cover plate and the partition plate in FIG. 3;
fig. 8 is a schematic view of the arrangement of the locking device on the frame according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the locking device of FIG. 8;
fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of a lower frame with a guide device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic structural view of the flip assembly of FIG. 10;
FIG. 12 is a schematic structural view of the retraction assembly of FIG. 10;
fig. 13 is a schematic structural view of the lower frame with guiding device shown in fig. 10 hoisting a 20ft container;
fig. 14 is a schematic structural view of the lower frame hoisting 40ft container with the guiding device shown in fig. 10;
fig. 15 is a schematic structural view of the lower frame with guiding device shown in fig. 10 hoisting a 45ft container;
fig. 16 is a schematic view of an aerial delivery vehicle lifting a container through an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The embodiment of the invention provides an air transport vehicle, which aims to solve the technical problem that the assembly and connection operation of a container and a vehicle body of the air transport vehicle in the prior art is complicated.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an air transportation vehicle according to an embodiment of the present invention, and with reference to fig. 1, an embodiment of the present invention provides an air transportation vehicle, which includes a plurality of frames, bogies 1, and a coupler buffer device 2, wherein the frames may be sequentially disposed, each frame is equipped with at least two bogies 1, and two adjacent frames are connected by the coupler buffer device 2. The bogie 1 can travel on the aerial rail, and then drives a plurality of vehicle frames to travel on the aerial rail.
The utility model discloses non-power bogie can be chooseed for use to bogie 1, compares in the bogie that has driving function, under the prerequisite that does not influence the frame walking, can alleviate vehicle weight.
With reference to fig. 1, the utility model discloses the frame includes frame 3 and frame 4 down, and when the frame was walked on the track of air, frame 3 and frame 4 down can lock relatively, when the frame need assemble the container, frame 3 and frame 4 down were gone up in the operation, made the two separation.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the upper frame in fig. 1, and in combination with fig. 2, the upper frame 3 according to the embodiment of the present invention is suspended on the air rail through at least two bogies 1, and may include a first longitudinal beam 3.1 and two first cross beams 3.2, where the two first cross beams 3.2 are relatively disposed on the first longitudinal beam 3.1 along the length direction of the container.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the lower frame in fig. 1, and with reference to fig. 3, in the embodiment of the present invention, the lower frame 4 may include a second longitudinal beam 4.1 and two second cross beams 4.2, the second longitudinal beam 4.1 is located under the first longitudinal beam 3.1, and the two second cross beams are respectively located under the two first cross beams 3.1.
Combine fig. 1, the utility model discloses frame still includes the hoisting component, and the hoisting component is provided with two sets ofly relatively along the first direction at least, can make frame 4 and last frame 3 be close to each other or separate through operating at least two sets of hoisting components.
The utility model discloses the first direction can be the length direction of container.
Fig. 4 is a schematic layout view of the lifting assemblies of the embodiment of the present invention on the frame, fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the lifting assemblies, and in combination with fig. 4 and fig. 5, each group of lifting assemblies in the embodiment of the present invention includes two lifting motors 5, a steel wire rope 6 and a movable pulley 7, wherein the two lifting motors 5 are relatively arranged along the second direction, the two lifting motors 5 are both fixedly arranged on the upper frame 3, and the second direction is perpendicular to the first direction; the movable pulleys 7 and the lifting motors 5 are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence mode, the two movable pulleys 7 are relatively and rotatably arranged on the lower frame 4 along the second direction, the steel wire rope 6, the lifting motors 5 and the movable pulleys 7 are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence mode, the steel wire rope 6 is provided with a first end and a second end, the first end of the steel wire rope 6 is wound on the output end of the corresponding lifting motor 5, and the second end of the steel wire rope 6 is wound on the corresponding movable pulley 7.
In the embodiment of the invention, the second direction can be the width direction of the container, and two lifting assemblies can be oppositely arranged.
Can make frame 4 and 3 fixed connection or the separation of last frame of getting off through operating at least two sets of hoisting assemblies, and then realize the assembly connection of the automobile body of container air rail transport equipment with the container, concrete operation is:
controlling the output end of a lifting motor 5 to rotate, extending the steel wire ropes 6 in the same group, further lowering the movable pulleys 7 in the same group, driving a lower frame 4 to be lowered to a preset height, after the assembly of the container and the lower frame 4 is completed, controlling the output end of the lifting motor 5 to rotate reversely, lifting the steel wire ropes 6 in the same group, further lifting the movable pulleys 7 in the same group, driving a lower frame 4 assembled with the container to lift, and completing the assembly connection of the frame and the container after the locking of the upper frame 3 and the lower frame 4 is completed; the unloading action of the container is opposite.
With reference to fig. 4 and 5, in the embodiment of the present invention, each set of lifting assemblies further includes two fixed pulleys 8 corresponding to the steel wire rope 6, the two fixed pulleys 8 are oppositely disposed along the second direction, the two fixed pulleys 8 are oppositely disposed between the two lifting motors 5, and the two fixed pulleys 8 are both rotatably disposed on the upper frame 3; the second ends of the two steel wire ropes 6 respectively and sequentially pass around the corresponding movable pulleys 7 and the fixed pulleys 8, and the second ends of the two steel wire ropes 6 are connected together, so that the two lifting motors 5 in the same group can be linked and share one steel wire rope 6, because the length of the steel wire rope can possibly change in the using process, if one steel wire rope is correspondingly arranged on each lifting motor, the steel wire rope can overturn after being used for a long time, and can possibly have an inclination angle, so that the steel wire rope is not beneficial to the locking of the upper frame 3 and the lower frame 4 after approaching and the locking of the lower frame 4 and a container, and is not beneficial to the transportation of the container, but the design that the two lifting motors in the same group share one steel wire rope 6 in the embodiment of the invention can be self-adaptive according to the length of the steel wire rope 6, and can ensure that the two ends of the lower frame 4 in the length, the most likely phenomenon of the lower frame 4 is the overturning of the container in the length direction, and the overturning of the lower frame 4 in the length direction of the container has little adverse effect on the locking of the upper frame 3 and the lower frame 4 after approach, the locking of the lower frame 4 and the container, and the transportation of the container.
In addition, referring to fig. 5, in the embodiment of the present invention, a tension sensor 9 may be disposed on two steel wire ropes 6 connected together, the tension sensor 9 is disposed between two fixed pulleys 8, and the tension sensor 9 may monitor abnormal conditions, such as overload, to ensure the reliability of the assembly and connection of the container and the vehicle body.
With reference to fig. 4 and 5, in the embodiment of the present invention, a winding drum 10 is fixedly disposed on an output shaft of each lifting motor 5, a first end of the steel wire rope 6 is wound on the winding drum of the corresponding lifting motor, and the driving of the lifting motor 5 can drive the winding drum 10 to rotate, so as to wind the steel wire rope 6 on the winding drum 10.
The winding drum 10 of the embodiment of the invention can be internally provided with a reduction gearbox, so that the rotating speed of the winding drum 10 can be reduced, the lifting speed of the lower frame 4 can be reduced, and the lifting stability of the lower frame 4 can be improved.
Referring to fig. 4 and 5, in the embodiment of the present invention, the upper frame 3 is provided with the spool supports 11 corresponding to the spools 10 one by one, and the spools 10 are rotatably provided on the corresponding spool supports 11.
Further, with reference to fig. 4 and 5, in the embodiment of the present invention, the reel support 11 includes two opposite support plates 11.1 and a connecting plate 11.2, the same sides of the two support plates 11.1 are connected by the connecting plate 11.2, which enables the reel support 11 to be U-shaped as a whole, the reel 10 is rotatably disposed on the two support plates 11.1 through the rotating shaft 12, the upper frame 3 is disposed with a mounting plate 13 corresponding to the reel support 11, and the mounting plate 13 is fixedly connected to the corresponding connecting plate 11.2 of the reel support 11, so as to achieve the assembly of the reel support 11 on the upper frame 3.
Further, with reference to fig. 2, 4 and 5, in the embodiment of the present invention, a groove 11.3 may be disposed on a side of the connecting plate 11.2 facing away from the supporting plate 11.1, and a protrusion 52 may be disposed on the mounting plate 13, the protrusion 52 of the mounting plate 13 is clamped in the groove 11.3 on the connecting plate 11.2 of the corresponding spool support 11, and the mounting plate 13 and the connecting plate 11.2 of the corresponding spool support 11 are connected by a plurality of bolts, so that the reliability of the assembly of the spool support 11 on the upper frame 3 can be improved.
In the embodiment of the present invention, two support plates 11.1 and one connecting plate 11.2 constituting the roll support 11 may be integrally formed to improve the strength of the roll support 11.
Further, with reference to fig. 1 and 3, the lifting motor 5 of the embodiment of the present invention is further provided with a braking member 14, the braking member 14 and the winding drum 10 are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence manner, an output end of the braking member 14 is operatively applied to the winding drum 10, when the lifting motor 5 stops working, an output end of the braking member 6 can be applied to the winding drum 10, so that the winding drum 10 can be prevented from being operated again due to factors such as container gravity, and the like, and the safety is improved.
Of course, the braking member 14 of the embodiment of the present invention may also be disposed on the upper frame 3, and the braking motor may be used as the braking member 14, and other types of braking devices may also be used, which is not limited in the embodiment of the present invention.
For the embodiment of the present invention, the mounting plate 13 for mounting the winding drum support 11 can be disposed on the end of the first beam 3.2, and two fixed pulleys 8 of each group of hoisting assemblies can be rotatably disposed in the first beam 3.2 through the corresponding supports, and two movable pulleys 7 of each group of hoisting assemblies can be rotatably disposed in the second beam 4.2 through the corresponding supports.
In addition, in the embodiment of the present invention, through holes corresponding to the wire rope 6 are provided at the bottom of the upper frame 3 and the top of the lower frame 4, through which the wire rope 6 passes, and the shape of the through hole through which the wire rope 6 passes is not limited in the embodiment of the present invention.
The embodiment of the invention also comprises a locking device which is arranged on the lower frame 4, and when the lower frame 4 and the upper frame 3 are close to each other, the locking device is operated to lock the lower frame and the upper frame with each other.
With reference to fig. 2, the bottom of the upper frame 3 of the present invention is a first cover plate 15, fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of the first cover plate in fig. 2, with reference to fig. 6, in the embodiment of the present invention, a plurality of locking holes 24 are provided on the first cover plate 1.
With reference to fig. 3, in the embodiment of the present invention, the top of the lower frame 4 is the second cover plate 16, the bottom of the lower frame 4 is the partition plate 17, fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of the second cover plate and the partition plate in fig. 3, with reference to fig. 3 and 7, in the embodiment of the present invention, the second cover plate 16 and the partition plate 17 are fixedly connected, and the partition plate 17 is located below the second cover plate 16.
Fig. 8 is a schematic layout view of a locking device according to an embodiment of the present invention on a vehicle frame, fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of the locking device shown in fig. 8, and with reference to fig. 8 and 9, the locking device according to an embodiment of the present invention mainly includes a rotating pin assembly, a fixed pin assembly, and a driving assembly.
With reference to fig. 8 and 9, the rotating pin assembly of the embodiment of the present invention includes a rotating pin 18, a locking head 19 and a rotating handle 20, wherein a first through hole corresponding to the rotating pin 18 is provided on the second cover plate 16 and the partition plate 17, the rotating pin 18 is fixed to pass through the first through hole corresponding to the second cover plate 16 and the partition plate 17, the locking head 19 is fixed to the head of the rotating pin 18, and the locking head 19 can rotate in the corresponding locking hole 24; the rotating handle 20 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the rotating pin 18, a first limiting surface and a second limiting surface are arranged on the circumferential surface of the rotating handle 20 at intervals, and the rotating handle 20 is positioned below the partition plate 17.
With reference to fig. 8 and 9, the rotating pin assembly of the embodiment of the present invention includes a top pin 21, a limiting block 22 and a return spring 23, wherein the central axis of the top pin 21 and the central axis of the rotating pin 18 are arranged in parallel, the second cover plate 16 and the partition plate 17 are both provided with a second through hole corresponding to the top pin 21, the top pin 21 can extend and retract in the second through hole of the second cover plate 16 and the partition plate 17, that is, the top pin 21 can operatively lift along the central axis of the top pin 21, the top pin 21 is provided with a supporting protrusion 53, the limiting block 22 is fixedly disposed at the bottom of the top pin 21, the limiting block 22 is located below the partition plate 17, and the limiting block 22 operatively cooperates with the first limiting surface or the second limiting surface to lock the rotating handle 20; the reset spring 23 is sleeved on the ejector pin 21, the reset spring 23 is arranged between the supporting protrusion 53 and the limiting block 22, specifically, in the lower frame, the reset spring 23 is arranged between the supporting protrusion 53 and the partition plate 17, namely, the upper end of the reset spring 23 is connected with the supporting protrusion 53, and the lower end of the reset spring 23 is arranged on the partition plate 17.
The utility model discloses drive assembly mainly includes actuating mechanism, and actuating mechanism's output and turning handle 20 are connected, and operation actuating mechanism can drive turning handle 20 and rotate.
When the upper frame 3 and the lower frame 4 need to be locked, the lower frame 4 is controlled to ascend through the lifting assembly, so that the lock head 19 on the rotating pin 18 on the lower frame 4 penetrates through the corresponding lock hole 24 on the upper frame 3, the ejector pin 21 is pressed down by the upper frame 3 at the moment, the limiting block 22 is synchronously pressed down, the rotating handle 20 on the lower frame 4 is unlocked, and the return spring 23 is in a compressed state at the moment; the driving mechanism is operated to drive the rotating handle 20 to rotate a certain angle, so that the lock head 19 also rotates a certain angle, and the lock head 19 cannot fall off from the lock hole 24 on the upper frame 3; the lifting assembly controls the lower frame 4 to descend to a small height, the return spring 23 returns to drive the ejector pin 21 and the limiting block 22 to return, at the moment, the limiting block 22 is matched with the rotating handle 20, the rotating handle 20 is mechanically clamped by the limiting block 22, and the upper frame 3 and the lower frame 4 are rigidly locked; the upper frame 3 and the lower frame 4 are separated from each other, and the operation is reversed.
Combine fig. 9, the embodiment of the utility model provides an in, tapered end 19 is global to be provided with two tangent planes 25 relatively, tapered end 19 still sets up two spacing archs 26 relatively on global, spacing arch 26 is located between two tangent planes 25, distance between two tangent planes 25 is less than the width of lockhole 24, distance between two spacing archs 26 is greater than the width of lockhole 24, and be less than the length of lockhole 24, when changeing round pin 18 and being in the unblock state, tapered end 19 can be flexible at the lockhole internalization, when changeing round pin 18 and being in the lock state, two spacing archs 26 are hung and are established on first apron, and can not be flexible at the lockhole 24 internalization, in order to guarantee the reliability of locking.
With reference to fig. 9, in the embodiment of the present invention, the rotating pin 18 is further provided with the lock seat 27 and the bearing platform 28 at intervals, the lock seat 27 and the bearing platform 28 are sequentially disposed between the lock head 19 and the rotating handle 20, a first gap is formed between the lock head 19 and the lock seat 27, the second cover plate 16 can be clamped in the first gap, a second gap is formed between the bearing platform 28 and the rotating handle 20, and the partition plate 17 is clamped in the second gap.
Further, in the embodiment of the present invention, the lock seat 27 and the bearing platform 28 are in spherical surface fit, that is, the rotating pin 18 is divided into two parts, the first part is above the lock seat 27, the bearing platform 28 is the second part, the first part has a first gap between the lock head 19 and the lock seat 27, and is connected to the second cover plate 16, and the second part has a second gap between the bearing platform 28 and the rotating handle 20, and is connected to the partition 17, and meanwhile, the lock seat 27 and the bearing platform 28 are in spherical surface fit, that is, the first part and the second part are in spherical surface fit, so that the first part floats relative to the second part, so as to adapt to the impact when the upper frame and the lower frame are locked, and the utility model has good practicability.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the bottom of the lock seat 27 adopts a spherical concave surface, and the top of the bearing platform 28 adopts a spherical convex surface, of course, the two can also be set oppositely, the embodiment of the present invention does not limit this.
Accordingly, in the embodiment of the present invention, the first through hole of the second cover plate 16 through which the rotating pin 18 passes may be a kidney-shaped hole, so that the first portion may have a conical swing in the first through hole.
Further, with reference to fig. 9, in the embodiment of the present invention, the rotating pin 18 is further provided with a first positioning block 29, the first positioning block 29 is fixedly disposed at the bottom of the rotating pin 18, and the first positioning block 29 is tightly attached to the rotating handle 20, so that the rotating handle 20 can be locked, and the reliability of connection of the rotating handle 20 is ensured.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the first positioning block 29 can adopt the form such as the horizontal bolt or the split pin, the embodiment of the present invention does not limit this.
The embodiment of the utility model provides an in, the spacing first face and the spacing face of second that set up of interval on turning handle 20 global can be for the recess form, and when stopper 22 was located the recess, can restrict turning handle 20's rotation.
The embodiment of the utility model provides an in, can also be provided with the third through-hole on the first apron 15 of last frame 3, this third through-hole can be passed by the knock pin head, can provide the direction for the removal of knock pin 21.
With reference to fig. 8 and 9, in the embodiment of the present invention, the knock pin assembly further includes a sleeve 30, the sleeve 30 is fixed to be disposed at the bottom of the partition 17, the knock pin 21 can extend and retract in the sleeve 30, and the limiting block 22 is located at the lower portion of the sleeve 30. When the return spring is reset, the limiting block 22 is arranged against the bottom of the sleeve 30, namely, the sleeve 30 has a limiting effect, so that the limiting block 22 is in a given locking position, and the locking reliability is ensured.
Combine fig. 9, the embodiment of the utility model provides an in, still be provided with second locating piece 31 on the knock pin 21, the fixed bottom that sets up at knock pin 21 of second locating piece 31, stopper 22 setting is hugged closely to second locating piece 31, can guarantee the reliability that stopper 22 connects to stopper 22 locking like this.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the second positioning block 31 can adopt the form such as the transverse bolt or the split pin, and the embodiment of the present invention does not limit this.
The embodiment of the utility model provides an in, actuating mechanism drives turning handle 20 pivoted angle and can set for 90, of course, it also can be other set angles, the embodiment of the utility model provides a do not limit to this.
With reference to fig. 9, the driving mechanism in the embodiment of the present invention includes a driving member 32, a first connecting rod 33 and a second connecting rod 34, the output end of the driving member 32 makes a straight reciprocating motion, the first connecting rod 33 is L-shaped, the output end of the driving member 32 and the one end of the first connecting rod 33 are rotatably connected, the other end of the first connecting rod 33 and the one end of the second connecting rod 34 are rotatably connected, the other end of the second connecting rod 22 and the rotating handle 20 are rotatably connected, so that the rotation of the rotating handle 20 can be realized by controlling the output end of the driving member 32 to work.
Further, with reference to fig. 9, the driving mechanism of the embodiment of the present invention further includes a third connecting rod 35 and a fourth connecting rod 36, one end of the third connecting rod 35 is connected to a corner of the first connecting rod 33, the other end of the third connecting rod 35 extends towards a direction away from the second connecting rod 22, the other end of the third connecting rod 35 is rotatably connected to one end of the fourth connecting rod 36, and the fourth connecting rod 36 is rotatably connected to the other rotating handle 20, so that the rotation of the two rotating handles 20 can be realized through one driving member 32, and the driving of the two locking devices can be further realized.
Still furthermore, the embodiment of the utility model provides a still include two relative and fixed deflectors 37 that set up, two deflectors 37 are passed in the activity of third connecting rod 35, and third connecting rod 35 can be linear motion like this, and then miniaturize fourth connecting rod 36 and second connecting rod 22 to the arrangement of frame under the optimization.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the guiding plate 37 can be fixed on the second cover plate 16 and the partition 17 of the lower frame 4, and the driving member 32 can also be fixed on the fixing seat 38, and the fixing seat 38 can be fixed on the bottom of the second cover plate 16 of the lower frame 4.
The embodiment of the utility model provides an in, the driving piece can be chooseed for use and be servo electric putter, perhaps other mechanisms, for example pneumatic cylinder etc. the embodiment of the utility model provides a do not do the restriction to this.
Still, the embodiment of the utility model provides an in, can also be provided with the position sensor with stopper 22 one-to-one under on the frame, when stopper 22 descends to predetermineeing the position, can be by the position sensor who corresponds rather than, and then control driving piece begins work, has automatic operation's characteristics.
To the embodiment of the present invention, a locking device is disposed in each second beam 4.2, and the driving member of the locking device can extend and retract along the horizontal direction.
After frame 4 and last frame 3 separation down, need be fast with frame 4 and container rapid Assembly connection down, in order to realize the container of different specifications with frame 4's rapid Assembly connection down, the utility model discloses a frame still includes guider.
Combine fig. 3, the utility model discloses lower frame 4 of embodiment still includes third crossbeam 4.3 and fourth crossbeam 4.4, wherein, the middle part of third crossbeam 4.3 and fourth crossbeam 4.4 is all fixed to be set up on second longeron 4.1, third crossbeam 4.3 is provided with two relatively, fourth crossbeam 4.4 also is provided with two relatively, two fourth crossbeams 4.4 are located the both ends of second longeron 4.1, two third crossbeams 4.3 are located between two fourth crossbeams 4.4.
Further, with reference to fig. 3, in the embodiment of the present invention, the second beam 4.2 is located between the third beam 4.3 and the fourth beam 4.4 on the same side.
Fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of a lower frame with a guide device in an embodiment of the present invention, and with reference to fig. 10, the guide device in an embodiment of the present invention mainly includes a first guide plate 39, a second guide plate 40, and a third guide plate 41.
With reference to fig. 1, in the embodiment of the present invention, the two ends of each third beam 4.3 and the fourth beam 4.4 are oppositely provided with the first guide plates 39, the two first guide plates 39 on each third beam 4.3 and the fourth beam 4.4 are transversely arranged, and the guide surfaces of the two first guide plates 39 on each third beam 4.3 and the fourth beam 4.4 are oppositely arranged.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the dimension between the two first guide plates 39 on each of the third beam 4.3 and the fourth beam 4.4 is the same as the width of the container.
In the embodiment of the utility model provides an in, first baffle 39 can adopt integrated into one piece or welded mode to connect on the tip of third crossbeam 4.3 or fourth crossbeam 4.4, the embodiment of the utility model provides a do not limit to this.
With reference to fig. 10, in the embodiment of the present invention, each third beam 4.3 is further provided with a second guide plate 40, the second guide plates 40 on the two third beams 4.3 are longitudinally disposed oppositely, and the guide surfaces of the second guide plates 40 on the two third beams 4.3 are disposed oppositely, and the second guide plates 40 and the third beams 4.3 can be connected in a turnover manner.
In particular, in the embodiment of the present invention, the second guide plate 40 can be connected with the third beam 4.3 in a turnover manner through the turnover assembly, fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of the turning assembly in fig. 10, and in conjunction with fig. 10 and 11, the turning assembly of the embodiment of the present invention includes a first driving member 42, a fifth link 43, a sixth link 44 and a connecting shaft 45, wherein, the first driving component 42 is fixedly arranged on the body, the output end of the first driving component 42 can stretch and retract along the transverse direction, and the fifth link 43 and the sixth link 44 each have opposite first and second ends, the first end of the fifth link 43 is rotatably connected with the output end of the first driving member 42, the second end of the fifth link 43 is rotatably connected with the first end of the sixth link 44, the connecting shaft 45 is rotatably arranged at the end of the third cross beam 4.3, the upper end of the second guide plate 40 is fixedly connected to the connecting shaft 45, and the connecting shaft 45 is rotatably connected with the second end of the sixth link 44.
The embodiment of the utility model provides an in, when first driving piece 42 is out of work, second baffle 40 is in vertical state, and the output of control second driving piece 7 stretches out, and accessible fifth connecting rod 43 and sixth connecting rod 44 drive connecting axle 45 and rotate, and then drive second baffle 40 and draw in to first crossbeam is inside, when treating that second baffle 40 is in the horizontality, first driving piece 42 stop work. That is, the embodiment of the present invention drives the first driving member 42 to make the second guide plate 40 in the vertical state or the horizontal state.
With reference to fig. 10, in the embodiment of the present invention, two first fixing supports 46 are fixedly disposed in the third beam 4.3, the first driving member 42 is disposed in the third beam 4.3, and the first driving member 42 is fixedly disposed on the two first fixing supports 46, so as to realize the positioning of the first driving member 42.
Referring to fig. 10, in the embodiment of the present invention, the end portion of the third beam 4.3 is provided with the limiting plate 47, the limiting plate 47 is located on one side of the non-guiding surface of the second guide plate 40, and the limiting plate 47 can limit the second guide plate 40 to turn to the outside of the third beam 4.3, so that the second guide plate can only turn according to the set working path.
In the embodiment of the utility model provides an in, two distances that are in between the second baffle 40 of horizontality are unanimous with the vertical size of 20ft container to be used for leading vertically to the 20ft container.
Of course, in the embodiment of the present invention, the second guide plates 40 may also be four, that is, two second guide plates 40 are disposed on each third beam 4.3, and two second guide plates 40 on each third beam 4.3 are respectively located on two sides of the second longitudinal beam 4.1, that is, the longitudinal direction of the 20ft container is guided by four guide plates arranged in a square shape.
With reference to fig. 10, in the embodiment of the present invention, two third guide plates 41 are provided, two third guide plates 41 are oppositely disposed at two ends of the second longitudinal beam 4.1, the guide surfaces of the two third guide plates 41 are oppositely disposed, and the third guide plates 41 can extend and retract along the length direction of the second longitudinal beam.
In the initial state, the distance between the two third guide plates 41 of the embodiment of the present invention is consistent with the longitudinal dimension of the 40ft container, so as to guide the longitudinal direction of the 40ft container; the third guide plates 41 are controlled such that the distance between the two third guide plates 41 coincides with the longitudinal dimension of the 45ft container for guiding the longitudinal direction of the 45ft container.
The embodiment of the utility model provides an in, the third baffle can follow the length direction of longeron through flexible subassembly and stretch out and draw back. Fig. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of the telescopic assembly in fig. 10, with reference to fig. 12, the telescopic assembly of the embodiment of the present invention includes a second driving member 48 and a connecting beam 49, wherein the second driving member 48 is fixedly disposed on the body, the output end of the second driving member 48 can longitudinally extend and retract along the middle, the connecting beam 49 can be slidably disposed on the body, one end of the connecting beam 49 is fixedly connected to the output end of the second driving member 48, the upper end of the third guide plate 41 is fixedly disposed on the other end of the connecting beam 49, and the lower end of the third guide plate 41 extends vertically and downwardly, so that the extension and retraction of the third guide plate 41 can be realized by controlling the extension and retraction of the output end of the second driving member 48.
With reference to fig. 10 and 12, in the embodiment of the present invention, a second fixing support 50 may be fixedly disposed in the second longitudinal beam 4.1, the second driving member 48 is disposed in the second longitudinal beam 4.1, and the second driving member 48 and the second fixing support 50 are fixedly connected.
Further, the utility model discloses can be provided with the spout on the inside diapire of second longeron 4.1, tie-beam 4 slides and sets up in the spout to the removal to tie-beam 4 leads.
It should be noted that the third guide plate 41 of the embodiment of the present invention may be provided with a larger number, but considering space limitation, the embodiment of the present invention is preferably two.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the first driving member 42 and the second driving member 48 can both select the servo electric push rod, and of course, other types of linear reciprocating motion, such as a motor or an oil cylinder, can also be selected for use.
The utility model discloses the spigot surface of first baffle 39, second baffle 40 and third baffle 41 is the inclined plane, can make like this and get off frame and container have the deviation of certain limit on the horizontal direction to the assembly of frame and container under the convenience.
Fig. 13 is a schematic structural diagram of the 20ft container hoisted by the lower frame with the guide device shown in fig. 1, and with reference to fig. 4, when the 20ft container is to be hoisted, the second guide plate 40 on the third cross beam 4.3 is controlled to enable the second guide plate 40 to be in a vertical state, and when the lower frame descends, the first guide plates 39 on the two third cross beams 4.3 are used for transversely guiding the 20ft container, and the second guide plates 40 on the two third cross beams 4.3 are used for longitudinally guiding the 20ft container, so that the lower frame and the 20ft container can be quickly locked.
Fig. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of the lower frame provided with the guide device shown in fig. 10 for hoisting a 40ft container, and with reference to fig. 13, when the 40ft container needs to be hoisted, the second guide plate 40 on the third cross beam 4.3 is controlled to enable the second guide plate 40 to be in a horizontal state so as to avoid interference when the lower frame and the 40ft container are assembled, meanwhile, the third guide plate 41 is controlled to enable the distance between the two third guide plates 41 to be consistent with the longitudinal dimension of the 40ft container, the third cross beam 4.3 and the first guide plate 39 on the fourth cross beam 4.4 are used for transversely guiding the 40ft container, and the two third guide plates 41 are used for longitudinally guiding the 40ft container so as to enable the lower frame and the 40ft container to be quickly locked.
Fig. 15 is a schematic structural diagram of the lower frame with a guiding device shown in fig. 10 for hoisting a 45ft container, and referring to fig. 14, when the 45ft container needs to be hoisted, the second guide plate 40 on the third cross beam 4.3 is controlled to make the second guide plate 40 in a horizontal state so as to avoid interference when the lower frame and the 45ft container are assembled, meanwhile, the third guide plate 41 is controlled to make the distance between the two third guide plates 41 consistent with the longitudinal dimension of the 45ft container, the first guide plates 39 on the third cross beam 4.3 and the fourth cross beam 4.4 are used for transversely guiding the 45ft container, and the two third guide plates 41 are used for longitudinally guiding the 45ft container so as to quickly lock the lower frame and the 45ft container.
According to the above, the embodiment of the utility model provides a through the upset of control second baffle and the flexible of third baffle, the container of adaptable different specifications is with the assembly of lower frame, and convenient and fast has fine commonality and practicality.
The embodiment of the utility model provides an in, lower frame and container can carry out the erection joint through the tool to lock, and the tool to lock that is connected the container with aerial vehicle through jacking equipment among this tool to lock and the prior art is unanimous, the embodiment of the utility model provides a do not limit to this.
In addition, in the embodiment of the invention, with reference to fig. 1, container falling prevention devices 51 can be arranged at two ends of the third beam 4.3, and after the lower frame and the container are assembled, the container falling prevention devices can drag the container, so as to improve the safety of the container during transportation.
The specific structure of the container anti-falling device of the embodiment of the invention has been described in the patent application with the application number of '201811638159.0' and the name of 'container anti-falling device', and the embodiment of the utility model is not repeated to this point.
Fig. 16 is a schematic view of the container lifted by the air transport vehicle according to the embodiment of the present invention, and with reference to fig. 15, the specific steps of lifting the container by the air transport vehicle are as follows:
the air transport vehicle stops after running in place in a no-load mode, the container is located under the vehicle → the lifting assembly is operated, the upper frame and the lower frame are separated → the lifting assembly is operated, the lower frame falls → the container anti-falling device on the lower frame is opened, the guiding device corresponding to the type of the container is opened → the lock between the lower frame and the container is operated, the locking of the lower frame and the container is completed → the lifting assembly is operated, the lower frame and the container are integrally lifted → the container anti-falling device on the lower frame is contracted, the container anti-falling device is dragged to the container → the lifting assembly and the locking device are operated, the upper frame and the lower frame are locked → the air transport vehicle completes the loading process, and the vehicle can start transportation. And the box unloading process acts in the opposite direction.
In conclusion, the aerial transport vehicle provided by the embodiment of the invention can realize the assembly and connection of the aerial transport vehicle and the container through self equipment, is simple to operate, has high automation degree and has good practicability.
The above-mentioned embodiments are only for convenience of description of the invention, and are not intended to limit the invention in any way, and those skilled in the art will recognize that the invention can be practiced without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. A vehicle frame, comprising:
an upper frame;
a lower frame;
the lifting assemblies are oppositely arranged in two groups at least along a first direction, and the lower frame and the upper frame can be close to or separated from each other by operating the lifting assemblies;
a locking device provided on the lower frame, the locking device being operable to lock the lower frame and the upper frame to each other when the lower frame and the upper frame are brought close to each other, the locking device comprising:
rotating the pin;
the lock head is fixedly arranged at the head part of the rotating pin;
the rotating handle is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the rotating pin, and a first limiting surface and a second limiting surface are arranged on the peripheral surface of the rotating handle at intervals;
the center shaft of the ejector pin and the center shaft of the rotating pin are arranged in parallel, the ejector pin can be lifted along the center shaft of the ejector pin in an operation mode, and a supporting protrusion is arranged on the ejector pin;
the limiting block is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the ejector pin and is matched with the first limiting surface or the second limiting surface in an operable manner;
the reset spring is sleeved on the top pin and arranged between the supporting protrusion and the limiting block;
the output end of the driving mechanism is connected with the rotating handle, and the rotating handle can be driven to rotate by operating the driving mechanism;
the upper frame comprises a first cover plate, the first cover plate is positioned at the bottom of the upper frame, a lock hole is formed in the first cover plate, and a lock head of the locking device can rotate in the lock hole;
the lower frame comprises second cover plates and partition plates which are arranged at intervals, the second cover plates are fixedly connected with the partition plates, the second cover plates are positioned at the tops of the lower frame, the partition plates are positioned below the second cover plates, first through holes corresponding to rotating pins of the locking devices are formed in the second cover plates and the partition plates, the rotating pins fixedly penetrate through the corresponding first through holes in the second cover plates and the partition plates, and the rotating handles are positioned below the partition plates; the second cover plate and the partition plate are respectively provided with a second through hole corresponding to the ejector pin of the locking device, the ejector pin can extend and retract in the second through holes of the second cover plate and the partition plate, and the return spring is arranged between the support protrusion and the partition plate;
the guiding device is arranged on the lower frame, and when the lower frame and the upper frame are separated from each other, the guiding device is operated, so that containers of different specifications can be quickly assembled and connected with the lower frame.
2. The frame of claim 1, wherein each set of said lifting assemblies comprises a lifting motor, a wire rope, and a traveling block, wherein:
the two lifting motors are oppositely arranged along a second direction, the two lifting motors are fixedly arranged on the upper frame, and the second direction is vertical to the first direction;
the movable pulleys and the lifting motors are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence manner, and the two movable pulleys are relatively and rotatably arranged on the lower frame along a second direction;
the steel wire rope, the lifting motor and the movable pulley are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence mode, the steel wire rope is provided with a first end and a second end, the first end of the steel wire rope is wound on the output end of the corresponding lifting motor, and the second end of the steel wire rope is wound on the corresponding movable pulley.
3. The frame of claim 2, wherein each set of said lifting assemblies further comprises two fixed pulleys corresponding to said wire rope, said two fixed pulleys being disposed opposite to each other along the second direction, said two fixed pulleys being disposed opposite to each other between said two lifting motors, said two fixed pulleys each being rotatably disposed on said upper frame;
and the second ends of the two steel wire ropes respectively and sequentially pass around the corresponding movable pulley and the fixed pulley, and the second ends of the two steel wire ropes are connected together.
4. The frame of claim 3, wherein a tension sensor is arranged on the two steel wire ropes connected together, and the tension sensor is arranged between the two fixed pulleys.
5. The frame of claim 2, wherein a winding drum is fixedly arranged on the output shaft of each lifting motor, and the first end of the steel wire rope is wound on the winding drum of the corresponding lifting motor.
6. The frame of claim 1, wherein the pivot pin further comprises a lock seat and a bearing platform at intervals, the lock seat and the bearing platform are sequentially arranged between the lock head and the pivot handle, a first gap is formed between the lock head and the lock seat, the second cover plate is clamped in the first gap, a second gap is formed between the bearing platform and the pivot handle, the partition plate is clamped in the second gap, and the lock seat and the bearing platform are in spherical fit.
7. The frame of claim 1, wherein the locking device further comprises a sleeve, the sleeve is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the partition plate, the ejector pin can extend and retract in the sleeve, and the limiting block is positioned at the lower part of the sleeve.
8. The frame of claim 1, wherein the lower frame comprises a second longitudinal beam, a third cross beam and a fourth cross beam, the middle parts of the third cross beam and the fourth cross beam are fixedly arranged on the second longitudinal beam, the number of the third cross beam and the fourth cross beam are oppositely arranged, two fourth cross beams are arranged at two ends of the second longitudinal beam, and two third cross beams are arranged between the two fourth cross beams;
the guide device comprises a first guide plate, a second guide plate and a third guide plate, the two ends of each third cross beam and the two ends of each fourth cross beam are provided with the first guide plates oppositely, the two first guide plates on each third cross beam and the four cross beams are arranged along the transverse direction, and the guide surfaces of the two first guide plates on each third cross beam and the four cross beams are arranged oppositely;
each third cross beam is also provided with the second guide plate, the second guide plates on the two third cross beams are oppositely arranged along the longitudinal direction, the guide surfaces of the second guide plates on the two third cross beams are oppositely arranged, and the second guide plates and the third cross beams are connected in a turnover manner;
the number of the third guide plates is two, the two third guide plates are oppositely arranged at two ends of the second longitudinal beam, guide surfaces of the two third guide plates are oppositely arranged, and the third guide plates can stretch along the length direction of the second longitudinal beam.
9. An air transportation vehicle, characterized in that the vehicle comprises a frame according to any of claims 1-8.
CN201911423648.9A 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 Frame and air transport vehicle Active CN111016933B (en)

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CN201911423648.9A CN111016933B (en) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 Frame and air transport vehicle

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911423648.9A CN111016933B (en) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 Frame and air transport vehicle
SG11202111467QA SG11202111467QA (en) 2019-12-31 2020-07-28 Vehicle frame, aerial transportation vehicle, and aerial rail container transportation method
AU2020418789A AU2020418789A1 (en) 2019-12-31 2020-07-28 Vehicle frame, aerial transportation vehicle, and aerial rail container transportation method
PCT/CN2020/105224 WO2021135194A1 (en) 2019-12-31 2020-07-28 Vehicle frame, aerial transportation vehicle, and aerial rail container transportation method

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SG11202111467QA (en) * 2019-12-31 2021-11-29 Crrc Yangtze Co Ltd Vehicle frame, aerial transportation vehicle, and aerial rail container transportation method

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CN103707895A (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-04-09 南车长江车辆有限公司 Retractable locking device for container train
CN106608595A (en) * 2015-10-26 2017-05-03 鹰铁路集装箱物流有限责任公司 Carrier configured to transport various sized objects
CN206255750U (en) * 2016-10-11 2017-06-16 南昌铁路装备制造有限公司 A kind of novel container suspender
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