CN111013719B - Multistage breaker of building soil mummification mud cake - Google Patents

Multistage breaker of building soil mummification mud cake Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111013719B
CN111013719B CN201911188937.5A CN201911188937A CN111013719B CN 111013719 B CN111013719 B CN 111013719B CN 201911188937 A CN201911188937 A CN 201911188937A CN 111013719 B CN111013719 B CN 111013719B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shell
driving roller
roller
driving
driven roller
Prior art date
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Application number
CN201911188937.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111013719A (en
Inventor
王建军
刘涛
胡宝山
仲建
李家红
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SHANGHAI ZHIPING FOUNDATION ENGINEERING CO LTD
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SHANGHAI ZHIPING FOUNDATION ENGINEERING CO LTD
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Priority to CN201911188937.5A priority Critical patent/CN111013719B/en
Publication of CN111013719A publication Critical patent/CN111013719A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/42Driving mechanisms; Roller speed control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Treatment Of Sludge (AREA)
  • Disintegrating Or Milling (AREA)

Abstract

The embodiment of the invention discloses a multistage crushing device for a construction soil drying mud cake, which comprises the following components: the device comprises a shell, a bracket, a first driving motor, a motor bracket, a first driving roller, a first driven roller, a second driving roller, a second driven roller, an arc screen, a first transmission mechanism and a second transmission mechanism; the first driving roller is provided with first broken grains, the first driven roller is provided with second broken grains, and the first broken grains and the second broken grains are matched; a plurality of crushing rods are respectively arranged on the second driving roller and the second driven roller, and an arc-shaped screen is arranged on the lower side of the second driving roller and the second driven roller; the first driving motor is coaxially connected with the first driving roller, and the first driving roller drives the first driven roller to rotate through the first transmission mechanism; the first driving roller drives the second driving roller and the second driven roller to rotate through the second transmission mechanism. The multistage crushing device for the construction soil dried mud cake provided by the invention is used for crushing the dried mud cake for multiple times in a grading manner, has a good crushing effect, and can be directly used for making bricks or used as a roadbed raw material.

Description

Multistage breaker of building soil mummification mud cake
Technical Field
The embodiment of the invention relates to the field of soil crushing, in particular to a multistage crushing device for a construction soil drying mud cake.
Technical Field
At present, solid clay is forbidden to be used in all cities, and a large amount of building waste slurry is generated along with the development of building construction, so that the building waste slurry can be used for replacing the traditional clay raw material for making bricks.
The building waste slurry usually contains a large amount of water, sand stone, impurities and bentonite in the initial stage of production, and is dehydrated after the removal of the impurities and sand, so that a dehydrated dried mud cake is obtained, and the dried mud cake is in a block shape or a cake shape and cannot be directly used as a brick making raw material.
The inventor finds that the existing crusher on the market often forms in one step, the crushed soil still has mud blocks with larger volume and cannot be completely crushed, and the obtained crushed soil cannot be directly used for making bricks or used as roadbed raw materials.
Disclosure of Invention
The embodiment of the invention provides a multistage crushing device for a construction soil dried mud cake, which is used for crushing soil in multiple stages by arranging a multistage crushing structure, wherein the granularity of the crushed soil meets the specification of directly making bricks or serving as a roadbed raw material.
The embodiment of the invention provides a multistage crushing device for a construction soil drying mud cake, which comprises the following components: the device comprises a shell, a bracket, a first driving motor, a motor bracket, a first driving roller, a first driven roller, a second driving roller, a second driven roller, an arc screen, a first transmission mechanism and a second transmission mechanism;
The first driving roller, the first driven roller, the second driving roller and the second driven roller are positioned in the shell;
the periphery of the shell is sealed, and the shell is fixed on the bracket;
the first driving motor is fixed on the motor bracket;
The first driving roller and the first driven roller are arranged in the same horizontal plane and are arranged in parallel, a first broken grain is arranged on the first driving roller, and a second broken grain is arranged on the first driven roller;
The first crushing grains and the second crushing grains are matched and arranged to be used for extruding and crushing the construction soil drying mud cakes falling onto the first driving roller and the first driven roller;
the first driving roller, the second driving roller and the second driven roller are parallel to each other, the second driving roller is arranged below the first driving roller, and the second driven roller is arranged below the first driven roller;
the second driving roller is provided with a plurality of first crushing rods, and the second driven roller is provided with a plurality of second crushing rods;
the arc-shaped screen is arranged on the shell and is positioned at the lower sides of the second driving roller and the second driven roller, so that a crushing space is formed by the arc-shaped screen, the second driving roller and the second driven roller;
the first transmission mechanism includes: a first gear and a second gear;
the first gear is fixed on the first driving roller, the second gear is fixed on the first driven roller, and the first gear and the second gear are meshed with each other;
the first driving motor is connected with the first driving roller and used for driving the first driving roller to rotate;
the second transmission mechanism includes: a third gear, a fourth gear, a first sprocket, a second sprocket and a chain;
the third gear is fixed on the second driving roller, the fourth gear is fixed on the second driven wheel, the first sprocket is fixed on the first driving roller, and the second sprocket is fixed on the second driving roller;
the third gear is meshed with the fourth gear, and the chain is meshed with the first sprocket and the second sprocket;
The shell is provided with a feed inlet and a discharge outlet, the discharge outlet is positioned above the first driving roller and the first driven roller, and the discharge outlet is positioned at the bottom of the shell.
In one possible solution, the lower side of the arc-shaped screen is provided with a first screen mechanism;
the first screen mechanism includes: the device comprises a second driving motor, a first screen, a first fixed frame, a first guide bar, a first connecting rod, a first rotating rod and a first rotating disc;
the second driving motor is fixed on the shell;
The first rotating disc is fixedly arranged on the second driving motor, the second driving motor is used for driving the first rotating disc to rotate, and a first hinge post is arranged on the first rotating disc;
The first fixed frame is arranged in the shell, two first guide strips are arranged on two sides of a group of symmetrical frames of the first fixed frame respectively, a first guide groove is formed in the shell, and the first guide strips slide in the first guide grooves;
The first screen is fixedly arranged in the first fixed frame, the first connecting rod is fixedly arranged on the side frame where the first guide strip is not arranged, the first connecting rod penetrates through the shell, and the first connecting rod is provided with a second hinge post;
One end of the first rotating rod is hinged with the first hinge post, and the other end of the first rotating rod is hinged with the second hinge post;
The second driving motor drives the first rotating disc to rotate when working, and the first rotating disc pulls the first fixed frame to do reciprocating motion in the shell through the first rotating rod.
In one possible solution, the lower side of the first screen mechanism is provided with a second screen mechanism;
The second screen mechanism includes: the device comprises a third driving motor, a second screen, a second fixed frame, a second guide bar, a second connecting rod, a second rotating rod and a second rotating disc;
the third driving motor is fixed on the shell;
the second rotating disc is fixedly arranged on the third driving motor, the third driving motor is used for driving the second rotating disc to rotate, and a third hinge post is arranged on the second rotating disc;
The second fixing frame is arranged in the shell, two second guide strips are fixedly arranged on one group of symmetrical edges of the second fixing frame, a second guide groove is formed in the shell, and the second guide strips slide in the second guide groove;
The second screen is fixedly arranged in the second fixed frame, the second connecting rod is fixedly arranged on the side frame on which the second guide strip is not arranged, the first connecting rod penetrates through the shell, and a fourth hinge post is arranged on the second connecting rod;
one end of the second rotating rod is hinged with the third hinging column, and the other end of the second rotating rod is hinged with the fourth hinging column;
the third driving motor drives the second rotating disc to rotate when working, and the second rotating disc pulls the second fixed frame to do reciprocating motion in the shell through the second rotating rod.
In one possible scheme, a first wear pad is arranged in the first guide groove, and a second wear pad is arranged in the second guide groove.
In one possible solution, the motion tracks of the first screen mechanism and the second screen mechanism are perpendicular to each other.
In one possible solution, the side wall of the housing is provided with a first opening and a second opening;
the first opening is positioned on the side wall of the shell at the back side of the first connecting rod, and the second opening is positioned on the side wall of the shell at the back side of the second connecting rod;
The first opening is used for the first fixed frame fixed with the first guide strip to be pulled out of the shell, and the second opening is used for the second fixed frame fixed with the second guide strip to be pulled out of the shell;
a first stop bar is arranged in the first opening, and a second stop bar is arranged in the second opening;
the first stop strip is used for enabling the first opening to be closed, and the second stop strip is used for enabling the second opening to be closed.
In one possible scheme, a guide plate is arranged between the first driving roller and the second driving roller, and the guide plate is obliquely arranged on the shell and used for conveying the dried mud cake to the upper sides of the second driving roller and the second driven roller.
In one possible scheme, a movable door for covering the feed inlet is arranged on the shell;
The movable door includes: two movable plates and a plurality of torsion springs;
the two movable plates are respectively connected with the shell through the torsion springs, and the torsion springs are used for enabling the two plates to keep a covering state of the feeding hole.
Based on the scheme, the multistage crushing device for the construction soil drying mud cake is provided with a shell, a bracket, a first driving motor, a motor bracket, a first driving roller, a first driven roller, a second driving roller, a second driven roller, an arc screen, a first transmission mechanism and a second transmission mechanism; the first driving roller, the first driven roller, the second driving roller and the second driven roller are positioned in the shell; the periphery of the shell is closed, and the shell is fixed on the bracket; the first driving motor is fixed on the motor bracket; the first driving roller and the first driven roller are arranged in the same horizontal plane, the first driving roller is provided with first broken lines, and the first driven roller is provided with second broken lines; the first crushing grains and the second crushing grains are matched and arranged for extruding and crushing the construction soil dried mud cakes falling onto the first driving roller and the first driven roller; the first driving roller, the second driving roller and the second driven roller are parallel to each other, the second driving roller is arranged below the first driving roller, and the second driven roller is arranged below the first driven roller; the second driving roller is provided with a plurality of first crushing rods, and the second driven roller is provided with a plurality of second crushing rods; the arc-shaped screen is arranged on the shell and positioned at the lower sides of the second driving roller and the second driven roller, so that a crushing space is formed by the arc-shaped screen, the second driving roller and the second driven roller; the first transmission mechanism includes: a first gear and a second gear; the first gear is fixed on the first driving roller, the second gear is fixed on the first driven roller, and the first gear and the second gear are meshed with each other; the first driving motor is connected with the first driving roller and used for driving the first driving roller to rotate; the second transmission mechanism includes: a third gear, a fourth gear, a first sprocket, a second sprocket and a chain; the third gear is fixed on the second driving roller, the fourth gear is fixed on the second driven wheel, the first sprocket is fixed on the first driving roller, and the second sprocket is fixed on the second driving roller; the third gear is meshed with the fourth gear, and the chain is meshed with the first sprocket and the second sprocket; the shell is provided with a feed inlet and a discharge outlet, the discharge outlet is positioned above the first driving roller and the first driven roller, and the discharge outlet is positioned at the bottom of the shell. The invention is used for crushing a building soil dried mud cake, a first driving motor is started to drive a first driving roller to rotate, the first driving roller drives a first driven roller to rotate through a first transmission mechanism, a second driving roller drives a second driving roller to rotate through a second transmission mechanism, the dried mud cake is added into a shell through a shell upper side feed inlet, the first driving roller and the first driven roller move in opposite directions when the pretend to know direction of the first driving motor is regulated, the dried mud cake falls on a first crushing grain or a second crushing grain, and the first crushing grain and the second crushing grain drive the dried mud cake to move downwards from the middle of the first driving roller and the first driven roller along with the rotation of the first driving roller, so that the dried mud cake is crushed and crushed in the moving process; the second driving roller positioned at the lower side of the first driving roller rotates to drive the first crushing rod on the second driving roller to rotate, the second driven roller rotates to drive the second crushing rod on the second driven roller to rotate, the dried mud cake subjected to preliminary crushing falls from the middle of the first driving roller and the first driven roller, and the dried mud cake is impacted and crushed again by the first crushing rod and the second crushing rod in a space where the first driving roller and the second crushing rod move; the mud cake through secondary crushing and the mud cake that part did not collide with first mashing rod and second mashing rod drop on the arc screen, part mud powder passes the sieve mesh of arc screen, rely on gravity to drop from the downside export of casing, can not be detained on the arc screen through the mud cake of sieve mesh of arc screen, along with piling up of mud cake, mud powder piles up in the usable space of first mashing rod and second mashing rod, a plurality of first mashing rods and a plurality of second mashing rod are striking, crushing mud cake once more, carry out the third time to the mud cake and break, finally obtain the mud powder that can all pass through the sieve mesh of arc screen, this multistage breaker crushing effect is good, the mud powder granularity that obtains is less, can be directly used to brickmaking or make the road bed raw materials.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions of the prior art, the drawings that are needed in the embodiments or the description of the prior art will be briefly described below, it will be obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and that other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without inventive effort to a person skilled in the art.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a multi-stage crushing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a part of a multi-stage crushing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional front view of a multi-stage crushing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 3 in an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic side sectional view of a multi-stage crushing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 5 in an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic axial side view of a first screen mechanism and a second screen mechanism in an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 8 is a schematic top view of a first screen mechanism and a second screen mechanism in an embodiment of the invention.
Reference numerals in the drawings:
1. a housing; 2. a bracket; 3. a first driving motor; 4. a motor bracket; 5. a first drive roll; 6. a first driven roller; 7. a second drive roll; 8. a second driven roller; 9. arc-shaped screen mesh; 10. a discharge port; 11. a first crushing tooth; 12. a second crushing tooth; 13. a first crushing ring; 14. a second crushing ring; 15. a first breaker bar; 16. a second breaker bar; 17. a first gear; 18. a second gear; 19. a third gear; 20. a fourth gear; 21. a first sprocket; 22. a second sprocket; 23. a chain;
31. A second driving motor; 32. a first screen; 33. a first fixed frame; 34. a first guide bar; 35. a first connecting rod; 36. a first rotating lever; 37. a first rotating disc; 38. a first hinge post; 39. a first guide groove; 40. a second hinge post;
51. a third driving motor; 52. a second screen; 53. a second fixed frame; 54. a second guide bar; 55. a second connecting rod; 56. a second rotating lever; 57. a second rotating disc; 58. a third hinge post; 59. a second guide groove; 60. a fourth hinge post;
71. A first wear pad; 72. a second wear pad; 73. a first opening; 74. a second opening; 75. a first stop bar; 76. a second gear bar; 77. a material guide plate; 78. a movable plate; 79. and (3) a torsion spring.
Detailed Description
For the purpose of making the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention more apparent, the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is apparent that the described embodiments are some embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the invention without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "axial", "radial", "circumferential", etc. indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the drawings are merely for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements referred to must have a specific orientation, be configured and operated in a specific orientation, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the present invention, unless explicitly specified and limited otherwise, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; the device can be mechanically connected, electrically connected and communicated; either directly, or indirectly, through intermediaries, may be in communication with each other, or may be in interaction with each other, unless explicitly defined otherwise. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art according to the specific circumstances.
The technical scheme of the invention is described in detail below by specific examples. The following embodiments may be combined with each other, and some embodiments may not be repeated for the same or similar concepts or processes.
Fig. 1 is a schematic overall structure of a multi-stage crushing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, fig. 2 is a schematic partial structure of the multi-stage crushing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, fig. 3 is a schematic front sectional structure of the multi-stage crushing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, fig. 4 is a partially enlarged view of fig. 3 according to an embodiment of the present invention, fig. 5 is a schematic side sectional structure of the multi-stage crushing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, and fig. 6 is a partially enlarged view of fig. 5 according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in fig. 1 to 6, a multistage crushing device for a construction soil dried mud cake of the present embodiment includes: the shell 1, the bracket 2, the first driving motor 3, the motor bracket 42, the first driving roller 5, the first driven roller 6, the second driving roller 7, the second driven roller 8, the arc screen 9, the first transmission mechanism and the second transmission mechanism, the first driving roller 5, the first driven roller 6, the second driving roller 7 and the second driven roller 8 are positioned in the shell 1, the periphery of the shell 1 is sealed, the shell 1 is fixed on the bracket 2, the first driving motor 3 is fixed on the motor bracket 42, the first driving roller 5 and the first driven roller 6 are arranged in the same horizontal plane and are arranged in parallel, the first driving roller 5 is provided with first broken lines, the first driven roller 6 is provided with second broken lines, the first broken lines and the second broken lines are arranged in a matched manner, for being used for carrying out extrusion crushing to the construction soil desiccation mud cake that falls into on first drive roll 5 and the first driven voller 6, first drive roll 5, second drive roll 7 and second driven voller 8 are parallel to each other, and second drive roll 7 is in the below of first drive roll 5, second driven voller 8 is located first driven voller 6 below, be provided with a plurality of first mashing bars 15 on the second drive roll 7, be provided with a plurality of second mashing bars 16 on the second driven voller 8, arc screen 9 sets up on casing 1, be located second drive roll 7 and second driven voller 8 downside, make arc screen 9, second drive roll 7 and second driven voller 8 form crushing space, first drive mechanism includes: the first gear 17 and the second gear 18, first gear 17 is fixed on first drive roll 5, second gear 18 is fixed on first driven voller 6, first gear 17 and second gear 18 intermeshing, first driving motor 3 is connected with first drive roll 5 for drive first drive roll 5 rotation, second drive mechanism includes: the third gear 19, the fourth gear 20, the first sprocket 21, the second sprocket 22 and the chain 23, the third gear 19 is fixed on the second driving roller 7, the fourth gear 20 is fixed on the second driven wheel, the first sprocket 21 is fixed on the first driving roller 5, the second sprocket 22 is fixed on the second driving roller 7, the third gear 19 is meshed with the fourth gear 20, the chain 23 is meshed with the first sprocket 21 and the second sprocket 22, the shell 1 is provided with a feed port and a discharge port 10, the discharge port 10 is positioned above the first driving roller 5 and the first driven roller 6, and the discharge port 10 is positioned at the bottom of the shell 1.
It is apparent from the above that, in this embodiment, the bracket 2 and the motor bracket 42 may be directly erected on the collecting tank or the conveyor belt, the upper side of the housing 1 is rectangular, the lower side is funnel-shaped, the middle is hollowed out, the housing 1 is provided with the feed port and the discharge port 10, the bracket 2 is supported at the lower side of the housing 1 and welded to the housing 1, the first driving motor 3 is fixed on the motor bracket 42, the first driving roller 5, the first driven roller 6, the second driving roller 7 and the second driven roller 8 pass through the housing 1 and are fixed on the housing 1 through bearing blocks (not shown) in the drawings), the first driving roller 5 and the first driven roller 6 are disposed in the same horizontal plane and are disposed in parallel, the first driving roller 5 and the first driven roller 6 are respectively provided with a plurality of first crushing teeth 11 and a plurality of second crushing teeth 12 which are fan-shaped, each of the first crushing teeth 11 or the second crushing teeth 12 form a first crushing ring 13 or a second crushing ring 14, the first crushing rings 13 and the second crushing rings 14 are arranged in a plurality, the first crushing rings 13 are collectively called as first crushing lines, the second crushing rings 14 are collectively called as second crushing lines, the first crushing teeth 11 or the second crushing teeth 12 at the same corresponding positions on the crushing rings are arranged in the same plane, the first crushing rings 13 and the second crushing rings 14 are alternately arranged, and the side walls of the first crushing teeth 11 and the side walls of the second crushing teeth 12 overlap in the movement process, specifically, during the rotation process of the first driving roller 5 and the first driven roller 6, part of the first crushing teeth 11 are positioned in the gap between the second crushing rings 14 and the second crushing rings 14, part of the second crushing teeth 12 are positioned in the gap between the first crushing rings 13 and the first crushing rings 13, the first driving roller 5, the second driving roller 7 and the second driven roller 8 are arranged in parallel, the second driving roller 7 is arranged at the lower side of the first driving roller 5, the second driven roller 8 is arranged at the lower side of the first driven roller 6, the second driving roller 7 and the second driven roller 8 can be arranged in different horizontal planes, in the embodiment, the second driving roller 7 and the second driven roller 8 are arranged in the same horizontal plane, a plurality of stirring rods are symmetrically arranged on the second driving roller 7 and the second driven roller 8 and can be fixed on the second driving roller 7 or the second driven roller 8 in a welding mode, the stirring rods are L-shaped, every six stirring rods form a stirring ring, the six stirring rods are arranged positively and negatively at intervals, the stirring rings are arranged in a plurality, an arc screen 9 is arranged at the lower side of the second driving roller 7 and the second driven roller 8, the arc screen 9 is welded and fixed on the shell 1, the two sides of the arc screen 9 are obliquely arranged, the lower sides of the second driving roller 7 and the second driven roller 8 are arranged into an arc, and the arc-shaped part and the second driving roller 7 and the second driven roller 8 form a space with the second driving roller 8. The first transmission mechanism includes: the first gear 17 and the second gear 18, the first gear 17 and the second gear 18 are respectively fixed on the first driving shaft and the first driven shaft through keys (not shown in the figure), the output shaft of the first driving motor 3 is coaxially connected with the first driving roller 5 and is used for driving the first driving roller 5 to rotate, and the second transmission mechanism comprises: the third gear 19, the fourth gear 20, the first sprocket 21, the second sprocket 22 and the chain 23, the third gear 19 and the fourth gear 20 are fixed to the second driving shaft and the second driven shaft, respectively, by keys (not shown), the first sprocket 21 is fixed to the first driving roller 5, and the second sprocket 22 is fixed to the second driving roller 7.
In the present embodiment, the gear ratio of the first gear 17 to the second gear 18 is 1, and when the driving motor drives the first driving roller 5 and the first driven roller 6 to move in opposite directions, the second driving roller 7 and the second driven roller 8 simultaneously move in opposite directions. Dried mud cakes are added into the shell 1 from a feed inlet, and can be fed manually, fed by a conveying belt or in other forms, and fall on the first crushing teeth 11 and the second crushing teeth 12 by gravity or fall on the arc-shaped screen 9 from gaps among the first driving roller 5, the first driven roller 6 and the shell 1. The dried mud cake falling on the crushing teeth is driven by the first driving roller 5 and the first driven roller 6, falls from the gap between the first driving roller 5 and the first driven roller 6, and can be extruded by the first crushing teeth 11, the second crushing teeth 12, the roller wall of the first driving roller 5 and the roller wall of the first driven roller 6 in the falling process, so that the dried mud cake is primarily crushed. The dried mud cake subjected to preliminary crushing continuously falls downwards, part of the dried mud cake collides with the stirring rod in rotation in the falling process and is crushed, other parts of the dried mud cake directly fall on the arc-shaped screen 9, the dried lake mud cake falling on the arc-shaped screen 9 mutually enters into a crushing space formed by the arc-shaped screen 9, the second driving roller 7 and the second driven roller 8 due to gravity, enters into the range of action of the crushing rod and is crushed again, part of mud powder with smaller granularity can continuously fall onto a conveying belt or fall into an aggregate pool through the sieve holes of the arc-shaped screen 9, and the mud cake with larger granularity continuously collides with and rubs with the stirring rod in the crushing space until the mud powder with granularity capable of passing through the sieve holes of the arc-shaped screen 9 is obtained. The multistage crushing device of this embodiment breaks the desiccation mud cake layering to carry out a lot of breakage, crushing effect is good, and the mud powder granularity that obtains has the assurance.
Fig. 7 is a schematic axial side structure of the first screen 32 mechanism and the second screen 52 mechanism in the embodiment of the present invention, and fig. 8 is a schematic plan view structure of the first screen 32 mechanism and the second screen 52 mechanism in the embodiment of the present invention. As shown in fig. 1 to 8, alternatively, in the present embodiment, the lower side of the arc-shaped screen 9 is provided with a first screen 32 mechanism, and the first screen 32 mechanism includes: the first rotary table is characterized in that the first rotary table comprises a first driving motor 31, a first screen mesh 32, a first fixed frame 33, a first guide strip 34, a first connecting rod 35, a first rotary rod 36 and a first rotary table 37, the second driving motor 31 is fixed on the shell 1 through a fixed plate, the first rotary table 37 is fixed on an output shaft of the second driving motor 31, the second driving motor 31 is used for driving the first rotary table 37 to rotate, a first hinge post 38 is eccentrically arranged on the first rotary table 37, the first fixed frame 33 is arranged in the shell 1, a gap is reserved between one group of symmetrical edges of the first fixed frame 33 and the shell 1, the other group of symmetrical edges are respectively fixedly provided with the first guide strip 34, a first guide groove 39 is formed in the shell 1, the first guide strip 34 can slide in the first guide groove 39, the first screen mesh 32 is fixedly arranged in the first fixed frame 33, the first connecting rod 35 is fixedly arranged on a side frame which is not provided with the first guide strip 34, the first connecting rod 35 penetrates through the shell 1, a second hinge post 40 is fixedly arranged on one end of the first rotary table 37 outside the shell 1, and the first connecting rod 35 is fixedly connected with the first hinge post 40 at one end of the first rotary table, and the first rotary table 36 is fixedly connected with the first rotary table 37 when the first rotary table is in the shell 1, and the first rotary table 37 is fixedly connected with the first rotary table 37, and the first rotary table is in a reciprocating mode, and the first rotary table 37 is fixedly connected with the first hinge post 37, and the first rotary table is fixedly connected at one end, and when the first rotary table is in the rotary table frame 37 is in a reciprocating mode, and the rotary table frame is fixedly connected. A first screen 32 mechanism is provided to filter the mud powder passing through the arc screen 9 again.
Optionally, in this embodiment, the first screen 32 mechanism is provided with a second screen 52 mechanism on the underside, the second screen 52 mechanism comprising: the third driving motor 51, the second screen mesh 52, the second fixed frame 53, the second guide strip 54, the second connecting rod 55, the second rotating rod 56 and the second rotating disc 57, the third driving motor 51 is fixed on the shell 1 through the fixed plate, the second rotating disc 57 is fixed on the output shaft of the second driving motor 31, the third driving motor 51 is used for driving the second rotating disc 57 to rotate, a third hinging column 58 is eccentrically arranged on the second rotating disc 57, the second fixed frame 53 is arranged in the shell 1, a gap is reserved between one group of symmetrical edges of the second fixed frame 53 and the shell 1, the second guide strip 54 is fixedly arranged on the other group of symmetrical edges, a second guide groove 59 is formed in the shell 1, the second guide strip 54 can slide in the second guide groove 59, the second screen mesh 52 is fixedly arranged in the second fixed frame 53, the second rod is fixedly arranged on one side frame without the second guide strip 54, the second connecting rod 55 penetrates through the shell 1, a fourth hinging column 60 is fixedly arranged at one end of the second connecting rod 55, which is positioned outside the shell 1, the second connecting rod 55 is fixedly connected with the fourth hinging column 60, and the second hinging column 60 rotates with the second rotating disc 57 when the second connecting rod 57 is fixedly hinged with the second rotating disc 57, and the second rotating around the second hinging column 60. The second screen 52 mechanism is provided, the mud powder passing through the first screen 32 mechanism is filtered again, and the mud powder is sheared and crushed again by the first screen 32 and the second screen 52.
Optionally, in this embodiment, a first wear pad 71 is disposed in the first guide groove 39, and a second wear pad 72 is disposed in the second guide groove 59, specifically, the first wear pad 71 and the second wear pad 72 are disposed in the first guide groove 39 and the second guide groove 59, respectively, and surround the first guide bar 34 and the second guide bar 54, respectively. The first and second wear pads 71, 72 are typically PE materials, which are commercially available. Providing the first and second wear pads 71, 72 can reduce wear between the guide bar and the housing 1, reducing noise.
Alternatively, in this embodiment, the motion tracks of the first screen 32 mechanism and the second screen 52 mechanism are perpendicular to each other, specifically, the first guide groove 39 is disposed on one set of symmetrical side walls of the housing 1, and the second guide groove 59 is disposed on the other set of symmetrical side walls of the housing 1, so that it can provide shearing forces in different directions for the mud powder filtered by the first screen 32 and the second screen 52 on the first screen 32 or the second screen 52.
Optionally, in this embodiment, a first opening 73 and a second opening 74 are provided on a side wall of the housing 1, the first opening 73 is located on a side wall of the housing 1 on the back side of the first connecting rod 35, the second opening 74 is located on a side wall of the housing 1 on the back side of the second connecting rod 55, the first opening 73 is used for the first fixing frame 33 fixed with the first guiding strip 34 to be drawn out of the housing 1, the second opening 74 is used for the second fixing frame 53 fixed with the second guiding strip 54 to be drawn out of the housing 1, a first stop strip 75 is provided in the first opening 73, a second stop strip 76 is provided in the second opening 74, the first stop strip 75 is used for covering the first opening 73, and the second stop strip 76 is used for covering the second opening 74. Specifically, the first guide bar 34 is fixed on both sides of the first fixed frame 33, the second guide bar 54 is fixed on both sides of the second fixed frame 53, and the first opening 73 must be set to a size allowing the first guide bar 34 and the first fixed frame 33 to pass through at the same time, and the second opening 74 must be set to a size allowing the second guide bar 54 and the second fixed frame 53 to pass through at the same time, in order for the first fixed frame 33 or the second fixed frame 53 to be drawn out of the housing 1. The first rib 75 is sized to fit the first opening 73 and is capable of withdrawing the first opening 73, and the second rib 76 is sized to fit the second opening 74 and is capable of withdrawing the second opening 74. The first opening 73 and the second opening 74 are provided, and the first fixing frame 33 or the second fixing frame 53 can be cleaned or replaced. When the first fixed frame 33 or the second fixed frame 53 needs to be replaced or cleaned, the first baffle strip 75 or the second baffle strip 76 needs to be pulled out first, and then the first fixed frame 33 or the second fixed frame 53 needs to be pulled out, and when the device operates, the first baffle strip 75 and the second baffle strip 76 need to be respectively arranged in the first opening 73 or the second opening 74, so that mud powder is prevented from bursting into the shell 1 from the first opening 73 or the second opening 74.
Alternatively, in the present embodiment, a guide plate 77 is provided in the middle of the first driving roller 5 and the second driving roller 7, and the guide plate 77 is obliquely provided on the casing 1 for feeding the dried mud cake to the upper sides of the second driving roller 7 and the second driven roller 8. The guide plate 77 is provided in such a manner that the dried cake which does not flow from the middle of the first driving roller 5 and the first driven roller 6 flows to the upper sides of the second driving roller 7 and the second driven roller 8 through the guide plate, and the crushing rod is made to primarily crush the dried cake.
Optionally, in this embodiment, a movable door for covering the feed inlet is disposed on the housing 1, and the movable door includes: two movable plates 78 and a plurality of torsion springs 79, the two movable plates 78 are linked with the housing 1 through the plurality of torsion springs 79, respectively, and the torsion springs 79 are used for keeping the two plates in a covering state against the feed inlet. Specifically, the torsion spring 79 is fixed on the side wall of the casing 1, the movable plate 78 is fixed on the torsion spring 79, the movable plate 78 horizontally covers at the feed inlet in the initial position, when the dried mud cake is added to the multi-stage crushing device, the gravity of the mud cake makes the movable plate 78 rotate around the torsion spring 79, the dried mud cake falls onto the crushing teeth, and then the movable plate 78 automatically covers under the action of the elasticity of the torsion spring 79. The movable door can prevent the dried mud cake from bursting out from the feed inlet when the multi-stage crushing device works, so that pollution is reduced.
In the present invention, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, a first feature "up" or "down" a second feature may be a direct contact between the first feature and the second feature, or an indirect contact between the first feature and the second feature through an intervening medium.
Moreover, a first feature "above," "over" and "on" a second feature may be a first feature directly above or obliquely above the second feature, or simply indicate that the first feature is higher in level than the second feature. The first feature being "under", "below" and "beneath" the second feature may be the first feature being directly under or obliquely below the second feature, or simply indicating that the first feature is at a lower level than the second feature.
In the description of the present specification, reference to the description of the terms "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "examples," "particular examples," or "some examples," etc., means that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, schematic representations of the above terms are not necessarily directed to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples. Furthermore, the different embodiments or examples described in this specification and the features of the different embodiments or examples may be combined and combined by those skilled in the art without contradiction.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only for illustrating the technical solution of the present invention, not for limiting the same, and although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the above embodiments, it should be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may be modified or some or all of the technical features may be replaced with other technical solutions, which do not depart from the scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. Multistage breaker of building soil mummification mud cake, characterized by, include: the device comprises a shell, a bracket, a first driving motor, a motor bracket, a first driving roller, a first driven roller, a second driving roller, a second driven roller, an arc screen, a first transmission mechanism and a second transmission mechanism;
The first driving roller, the first driven roller, the second driving roller and the second driven roller are positioned in the shell;
the periphery of the shell is sealed, and the shell is fixed on the bracket;
the first driving motor is fixed on the motor bracket;
The first driving roller and the first driven roller are arranged in the same horizontal plane and are arranged in parallel, a first broken grain is arranged on the first driving roller, and a second broken grain is arranged on the first driven roller;
The first crushing grains and the second crushing grains are matched and arranged to be used for extruding and crushing the construction soil drying mud cakes falling onto the first driving roller and the first driven roller;
the first driving roller, the second driving roller and the second driven roller are parallel to each other, the second driving roller is positioned below the first driving roller, and the second driven roller is positioned below the first driven roller;
the second driving roller is provided with a plurality of first crushing rods, and the second driven roller is provided with a plurality of second crushing rods;
the arc-shaped screen is arranged on the shell and is positioned at the lower sides of the second driving roller and the second driven roller, so that a crushing space is formed by the arc-shaped screen, the second driving roller and the second driven roller;
the first transmission mechanism includes: a first gear and a second gear;
the first gear is fixed on the first driving roller, the second gear is fixed on the first driven roller, and the first gear and the second gear are meshed with each other;
the first driving motor is connected with the first driving roller and used for driving the first driving roller to rotate;
the second transmission mechanism includes: a third gear, a fourth gear, a first sprocket, a second sprocket and a chain;
the third gear is fixed on the second driving roller, the fourth gear is fixed on the second driven wheel, the first sprocket is fixed on the first driving roller, and the second sprocket is fixed on the second driving roller;
the third gear is meshed with the fourth gear, and the chain is meshed with the first sprocket and the second sprocket;
The shell is provided with a feed inlet and a discharge outlet, the discharge outlet is positioned above the first driving roller and the first driven roller, and the discharge outlet is positioned at the bottom of the shell;
a first screen mechanism is arranged at the lower side of the arc-shaped screen;
the first screen mechanism includes: the device comprises a second driving motor, a first screen, a first fixed frame, a first guide bar, a first connecting rod, a first rotating rod and a first rotating disc;
the second driving motor is fixed on the shell;
The first rotating disc is fixedly arranged on the second driving motor, the second driving motor is used for driving the first rotating disc to rotate, and a first hinge post is arranged on the first rotating disc;
the first fixed frame is arranged in the shell, two first guide strips are arranged on two sides of a group of symmetrical frames of the first fixed frame respectively, a first guide groove is formed in the shell, and the first guide strips can slide in the first guide grooves;
The first screen is fixedly arranged in the first fixed frame, the first connecting rod is fixedly arranged on the side frame where the first guide strip is not arranged, the first connecting rod penetrates through the shell, and the first connecting rod is provided with a second hinge post;
One end of the first rotating rod is hinged with the first hinge post, and the other end of the first rotating rod is hinged with the second hinge post;
the second driving motor drives the first rotating disc to rotate when working, and the first rotating disc pulls the first fixed frame to do reciprocating motion in the shell through the first rotating rod;
A second screen mechanism is arranged on the lower side of the first screen mechanism;
The second screen mechanism includes: the device comprises a third driving motor, a second screen, a second fixed frame, a second guide bar, a second connecting rod, a second rotating rod and a second rotating disc;
the third driving motor is fixed on the shell;
the second rotating disc is fixedly arranged on the third driving motor, the third driving motor is used for driving the second rotating disc to rotate, and a third hinge post is arranged on the second rotating disc;
the second fixing frame is arranged in the shell, two second guide strips are fixedly arranged on one group of symmetrical edges of the second fixing frame, a second guide groove is formed in the shell, and the second guide strips can slide in the second guide groove;
The second screen is fixedly arranged in the second fixed frame, the second connecting rod is fixedly arranged on the side frame on which the second guide strip is not arranged, the first connecting rod penetrates through the shell, and a fourth hinge post is arranged on the second connecting rod;
one end of the second rotating rod is hinged with the third hinging column, and the other end of the second rotating rod is hinged with the fourth hinging column;
the second rotating disc is driven to rotate when the third driving motor works, and pulls the second fixed frame to do reciprocating motion in the shell through the second rotating rod;
a first wear-resistant pad is arranged in the first guide groove, and a second wear-resistant pad is arranged in the second guide groove;
the motion trail of the first screen mechanism is perpendicular to that of the second screen mechanism;
The middle of the first driving roller and the second driving roller is provided with a material guide plate, and the material guide plate is obliquely arranged on the shell and used for conveying the dried mud cake to the upper sides of the second driving roller and the second driven roller.
2. The multi-stage crushing device according to claim 1, wherein a first opening and a second opening are provided in a side wall of the housing;
the first opening is positioned on the side wall of the shell at the back side of the first connecting rod, and the second opening is positioned on the side wall of the shell at the back side of the second connecting rod;
The first opening is used for the first fixed frame fixed with the first guide strip to be pulled out of the shell, and the second opening is used for the second fixed frame fixed with the second guide strip to be pulled out of the shell;
a first stop bar is arranged in the first opening, and a second stop bar is arranged in the second opening;
the first stop strip is used for enabling the first opening to be closed, and the second stop strip is used for enabling the second opening to be closed.
3. The multi-stage crushing device according to claim 1, wherein a movable door for covering the feed inlet is provided on the housing;
The movable door includes: two movable plates and a plurality of torsion springs;
The two movable plates are respectively connected with the shell through the torsion springs, and the torsion springs are used for enabling the two movable plates to keep a covering state of the feeding hole.
CN201911188937.5A 2019-11-28 2019-11-28 Multistage breaker of building soil mummification mud cake Active CN111013719B (en)

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CN112657646A (en) * 2021-01-13 2021-04-16 常州机电职业技术学院 System is smashed to medicinal material for pharmacy
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JP2001219085A (en) * 2000-02-10 2001-08-14 Misawa Homes Co Ltd Crushing device
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CN208482569U (en) * 2018-06-14 2019-02-12 明光市飞洲新材料有限公司 Molecular sieve raw material Multi-stage crushing plant
CN109569841A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-04-05 苏彬良 A kind of bio-pharmaceuticals Chinese herbal medicine multistage grinding device
CN211677937U (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-10-16 上海智平基础工程有限公司 Multistage breaker of building soil mummification mud cake

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001219085A (en) * 2000-02-10 2001-08-14 Misawa Homes Co Ltd Crushing device
CN205056166U (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-03-02 东莞东元环境科技有限公司 Broken forming device of split type mud
CN206286010U (en) * 2016-11-04 2017-06-30 苏州海洲物资再生利用环保有限公司 Cupric circuit board waste material efficiency crushing device with linkage vibrating screen mechanism
CN107649279A (en) * 2017-09-20 2018-02-02 惠安县飞联电子产品有限公司 A kind of feed breaker with powder dust reclaiming function
CN108355756A (en) * 2018-02-10 2018-08-03 安徽唯诗杨信息科技有限公司 A kind of multistage automatic cycle grinding device of fining and its course of work
CN208482569U (en) * 2018-06-14 2019-02-12 明光市飞洲新材料有限公司 Molecular sieve raw material Multi-stage crushing plant
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CN211677937U (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-10-16 上海智平基础工程有限公司 Multistage breaker of building soil mummification mud cake

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