CN110976047A - Be applied to striking formula descaling machine that casting sand mould renovated - Google Patents

Be applied to striking formula descaling machine that casting sand mould renovated Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN110976047A
CN110976047A CN201911330294.3A CN201911330294A CN110976047A CN 110976047 A CN110976047 A CN 110976047A CN 201911330294 A CN201911330294 A CN 201911330294A CN 110976047 A CN110976047 A CN 110976047A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
driving
pipeline
discharging
opening
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201911330294.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡能静
费先江
张冠
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Luan Qimingdao Electromechanical Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Luan Qimingdao Electromechanical Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Luan Qimingdao Electromechanical Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Luan Qimingdao Electromechanical Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911330294.3A priority Critical patent/CN110976047A/en
Publication of CN110976047A publication Critical patent/CN110976047A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C1/00Crushing or disintegrating by reciprocating members
    • B02C1/02Jaw crushers or pulverisers
    • B02C1/04Jaw crushers or pulverisers with single-acting jaws
    • B02C1/043Jaw crushers or pulverisers with single-acting jaws with cooperating single acting jaws
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/16Mills provided with vibrators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/02Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/10Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator arranged in discharge path of crushing or disintegrating zone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • B07B1/50Cleaning
    • B07B1/52Cleaning with brushes or scrapers
    • B07B1/526Cleaning with brushes or scrapers with scrapers
    • B07B1/528Cleaning with brushes or scrapers with scrapers the scrapers being rotating
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F15/00Suppression of vibrations in systems; Means or arrangements for avoiding or reducing out-of-balance forces, e.g. due to motion
    • F16F15/02Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems
    • F16F15/04Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems using elastic means
    • F16F15/06Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems using elastic means with metal springs
    • F16F15/067Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems using elastic means with metal springs using only wound springs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention provides an impact type cleaning machine applied to renovation of a casting sand mold, which comprises an impact mechanism, a blanking mechanism, a conveying mechanism, a discharging mechanism and a power driving device, wherein the output end of the blanking mechanism is connected with the input end of the impact mechanism, the output end of the impact mechanism is connected with the input end of the conveying mechanism, the output end of the conveying mechanism is connected with the input end of the discharging mechanism, the blanking mechanism is used for filtering and removing large impurities in a broken sand mold and conveying the broken sand mold into the impact mechanism, the impact mechanism is used for impacting and scattering the broken sand mold and discharging the broken sand mold into the conveying mechanism, the conveying mechanism is used for conveying the scattered broken sand mold into the discharging mechanism, the discharging mechanism is used for filtering and separating sand and small impurities in the broken sand mold and discharging the sand and the small impurities outwards respectively, and the power driving device is used for filtering and separating the sand and the small impurities in the broken sand mold and, The conveying mechanism and the discharging mechanism provide driving power.

Description

Be applied to striking formula descaling machine that casting sand mould renovated
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of sand mold casting, in particular to an impact type cleaning machine applied to cast sand mold renovation.
Background
Sand casting is a casting technique widely used, and as the name suggests, sand casting is to use sand to manufacture a casting mold, so that the inner cavity of the casting mold forms a pattern of a part, then molten metal is poured into the sand mold, and is kept for a proper time until the metal is solidified, the sand mold is broken, the sand mold is destroyed, and the poured part is taken out, so that a new casting mold must be manufactured for each cast part, namely, the sand mold can be used only once, and therefore, the sand mold needs to be reused after being broken.
At present, the broken sand mould's composition mainly contains three parts, and one is the caking of grit, its two are the pimple that the metal liquid condenses, and its two latter pimples that metal liquid and grit mix the condensation, and the latter two are collectively called impurity, recycle in-process, need break up the caking of grit and recycle the grit, simultaneously, need filter impurity out, for this reason, it is ingenious, the principle is simple, the operation is convenient to be provided one kind, can carry out the striking formula mould sand that separates and turn over new descaling machine to grit in the broken sand mould and impurity.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the defects of the prior art, the invention aims to provide the impact type mould sand renewing and cleaning machine which is ingenious in structure, simple in principle, convenient and fast to operate and use and can separate sand and impurities in a broken sand mould.
In order to achieve the technical purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows.
The impact type cleaning machine applied to the renovation of the casting sand mold comprises an impact mechanism, a blanking mechanism, a conveying mechanism, a discharging mechanism and a power driving device, wherein the output end of the blanking mechanism is communicated with the input end of the impact mechanism, the output of striking mechanism is connected the switch-on with conveying mechanism's input, conveying mechanism's output and the input of arranging material mechanism are connected the switch-on, unloading mechanism is arranged in filtering the big impurity in the broken sand mould and clears away and carry broken sand mould to striking mechanism in, striking mechanism is used for assaulting broken sand mould and break up and discharge to conveying mechanism in, conveying mechanism is used for carrying the broken sand mould after breaking up to arranging material mechanism, it is used for carrying out filtering separation and respectively outwards discharging with the grit in the broken sand mould after breaking up to arrange material mechanism, power drive device is used for striking mechanism, conveying mechanism and row material mechanism provide drive power.
As a further optimization or improvement of the present solution.
The impact mechanism comprises a floor mounting frame, a rectangular bottom plate is fixedly arranged at the top of the mounting frame, a rectangular top plate which is opposite to the bottom plate and has the same size with the bottom plate is arranged above the bottom plate, a connecting plate which is fixedly connected with the bottom plate and the top plate is arranged at one end of the bottom plate and one end of the top plate along the length direction, a rectangular blanking barrel is fixedly arranged at the middle position of the bottom plate and the top plate along the length direction in a penetrating way, the blanking barrel is vertically arranged, the upper end opening and the lower end opening of the blanking barrel are respectively an input end and an output end, the input end of the blanking barrel extends to the upper part of the top plate and is communicated with the output end of the blanking mechanism, the output end extends to the lower part of the bottom plate and is communicated with the input end of the conveying mechanism, a rectangular first insertion port and a rectangular, the size of the first inserting port is consistent with that of the second inserting port, the length of the first inserting port is equal to that of the side face of the lower charging barrel, the first inserting port and the second inserting port are arranged in an array mode along the length direction of the lower charging barrel, the first inserting port and the second inserting port are arranged in an interlaced mode, the first inserting port and the second inserting port are movably inserted and provided with a first rectangular impact plate matched with the first inserting port and a first impact plate matched with the first inserting port and a second impact plate matched with the second inserting port in an inserted mode, the second impact plate and the lower charging barrel are in sliding guide fit along the opening direction of the second inserting port, the first impact plate and the second impact plate are arranged to be capable of being switched between an inserted state and an extracted state, the first inserting impact plate and the second impact plate are overlapped in the vertical direction, and the first impact plate/impact plate in the extracted state is flush with the inner side wall of the lower charging barrel on one corresponding side.
As a further optimization or improvement of the present solution.
The processes of the two plugboards I/plugboards II which are positioned on the same side and are adjacent up and down are opposite to each other in switching between the plugging state and the unplugging state, and the processes of the two plugboards I which are positioned on the opposite side and are adjacent left and right are opposite to each other in switching between the plugging state and the unplugging state.
As a further optimization or improvement of the present solution.
The improved structure of the feeding device is characterized in that crankshafts which are vertically arranged in the axial direction are rotatably arranged between the bottom plate and the top plate, the crankshafts are arranged in two and are respectively arranged between the side face of the lower charging barrel and the connecting plate, the crankshafts which are positioned on the left side are matched with the first plug-in plate, the crankshafts which are positioned on the right side are matched with the second plug-in plate, the first plug-in plate and the second plug-in plate are provided with socket joints which are arranged in an up-down penetrating mode and along the width direction of the first plug-in plate and the second plug-in plate close to one end of the connecting plate.
As a further optimization or improvement of the present solution.
The upper ends of the two crankshafts penetrate through the top plate in a movable mode, synchronous transmission components used for being connected with the two crankshafts are arranged between the upper ends of the two crankshafts, each synchronous transmission component comprises a synchronous belt pulley which is coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the upper end of the corresponding crankshaft, turning wheels which are arranged on the upper end face of the top plate in a rotating mode and are vertical in the axial direction are arranged on the upper end face of the top plate, the turning wheels and the synchronous belt pulleys are located on the same plane, four turning wheels are arranged on the outer portions of the edges of the input end of the discharging barrel respectively, synchronous belts used for being connected with the two synchronous belt pulleys are arranged between the two synchronous belt pulleys, the synchronous belts are wound on the.
As a further optimization or improvement of the present solution.
The blanking mechanism is arranged above the top plate and comprises a square conical blanking hopper with openings at the upper end and the lower end, the opening size of the blanking hopper is gradually increased from bottom to top along the vertical direction, the opening at the upper end of the blanking hopper is square and the opening at the upper end is an input end, the lower end opening is also set to be square and the end opening is an output end, the output end of the blanking hopper is connected and communicated with the input end of the blanking barrel, one side of the upper end opening of the blanking hopper is set to be a notch, an impurity discharging guide plate which is arranged in a downward inclining mode is arranged at the notch, a horizontal coarse strainer is fixedly arranged below the upper end opening of the blanking hopper and is flush with the upper end edge of the impurity discharging guide plate, the size of the cross section of the coarse strainer at the upper end opening of the blanking hopper is consistent with that of the cross section of the upper end opening of the blanking hopper, a vibrator is fixedly arranged on the side face of the blanking hopper, which is far away from the impurity discharging guide plate, and the vibrator is used for driving the blanking;
the outer part of the blanking hopper close to the opening at the lower end of the blanking hopper is fixedly sleeved with a square support plate, the upper end surface of the top plate is fixedly provided with vibration guide rods which are vertically arranged in the axial direction, the four vibration guide rods are arranged in a matrix manner, the corners of the support plate are sleeved on the vibration guide rods and can slide up and down along the vibration guide rods, the top end of each vibration guide rod is detachably provided with a limit snap ring, the vibration guide rods are movably sleeved with a buffer spring I and a buffer spring II, the buffer spring I is positioned above the support plate, the buffer spring II is positioned below the support plate, one end of the buffer spring I is abutted against the support plate, the other end of the buffer spring I is abutted against the limit snap ring, the elastic force of the buffer spring I is always directed to the support plate by the limit snap ring, one, the lower end opening of the lower hopper is movably inserted into the upper end opening of the lower charging barrel, and the outer surface of the lower hopper is in sliding fit with the inner wall of the lower charging barrel.
As a further optimization or improvement of the present solution.
The blanking mechanism further comprises a cleaning component and a cleaning driving component, the cleaning component comprises slide bars fixedly arranged on the inner wall of an opening at the upper end of the blanking hopper, the axial direction of each slide bar is parallel to the opening direction of the notch of the blanking hopper and the slide bars are positioned above the coarse strainer, two slide bars are arranged and are respectively positioned on one side of the blanking hopper, a strip-shaped slide block is arranged between the two slide bars, the end parts of the slide blocks along the length direction are movably sleeved on the slide bars and can slide along the axial direction of the slide bars, a deflector rod which is axially and vertically arranged is fixedly arranged on the lower end surface of each slide block, the deflector rod extends downwards and is flush with the filter screen, the deflector rods are provided with a plurality of deflector rods and are arranged in an array along;
the cleaning component also comprises a driving belt wheel and a driven belt wheel which are fixedly arranged outside the opening of the lower hopper, the driving belt wheel and the driven belt wheel are positioned at the same side with the slide rod, the driving belt wheel and the driven belt wheel are positioned below the slide rod, the driving belt wheel/the driven belt wheel are in running fit with the lower hopper, the axial directions of the driving belt wheel/the driven belt wheel are all vertical to the axial direction of the slide rod, the driving belt wheel is arranged at one end close to the slide rod, the driven belt wheel is arranged at the other end close to the slide rod, a belt for connecting the driving belt wheel and the driven belt wheel is arranged between the driving belt wheel and the driven belt wheel, a cylindrical driving block is fixedly arranged on the surface of the belt, the axial direction of the driving block is parallel to the axial direction of the driving belt wheel, a downward extending lug is fixedly arranged at the end position of the sliding block along the length direction, the upper end of the flat groove extends to the upper part of the driving pulley driven pulley, the lower end of the flat groove extends to the lower part of the driving pulley driven pulley, the driving block is matched with the flat groove and is inserted into the flat groove, and the driving block can slide up and down in the flat groove.
As a further optimization or improvement of the present solution.
The cleaning driving component comprises a first main shaft which is rotatably arranged outside the lower hopper, the axial direction of the first main shaft is parallel to the axial direction of the driving belt wheels, a first belt transmission component which is used for transmitting the power of the first main shaft to the driving belt wheels is arranged between one end of the main shaft and the two driving belt wheels, a first cleaning motor which is fixedly connected with the lower hopper is arranged below the middle position of the first main shaft along the length direction of the first main shaft, the first cleaning motor is a stepping motor, an output shaft of the first cleaning motor is vertically arranged in the axial direction, a first driving bevel gear is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the output shaft, and a first driven bevel gear is coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the first main shaft and meshed with the first.
As a further optimization or improvement of the present solution.
Conveying mechanism set up in the below of feed cylinder down, conveying mechanism include axial level and with mounting bracket fixed connection's pipeline one and pipeline two, pipeline one and pipeline two are close to one end butt joint switch-on each other, keep away from one end each other and all seal the arrangement, pipeline one is located the below of feed cylinder down and pipeline one is connected the switch-on with the lower extreme opening of feed cylinder down, and switch-on department is located the outer disc of pipeline one, pipeline one and pipeline two in coaxial rotation be provided with the auger rather than the adaptation, auger one end is connected the cooperation with the blind end swivelling joint of pipeline one, the other end is connected the cooperation with the blind end swivelling joint of pipeline two, pipeline two is connected the switch-on with row material mechanism.
As a further optimization or improvement of the present solution.
The discharge mechanism comprises a discharge cylinder which is arranged below the second conveying pipeline and fixedly connected with an installation frame, the opening of the discharge cylinder is arranged upwards and the discharge cylinder is axially and obliquely arranged, an included angle formed between the central line of the discharge cylinder and the horizontal plane is 45-60 degrees, the bottom of the discharge cylinder is coaxially and rotatably provided with a rotary disc, the diameter of the rotary disc is equal to that of the discharge cylinder, the upper end face of the rotary disc is fixedly provided with a plurality of rectangular ejection plates which are obliquely arranged, the ejection plates are arranged in an array mode along the circumferential direction of the rotary disc, the length direction of the ejection plates is arranged along the radial direction of the rotary disc, one end of each ejection plate along the length direction extends to the edge of the rotary disc, the other end of each ejection plate gathers at the central position of the rotary disc, the included angle formed by the ejection plates and the plane of the rotary disc is 30 degrees, the second conveying pipeline is connected with a material discharging cylinder and is communicated with the material discharging cylinder to be located right above the rotary table, the material discharging mechanism further comprises a rectangular material discharging pipeline which is obliquely arranged, the length direction of the material discharging pipeline is perpendicular to the axis direction of the material discharging cylinder, the input end of the material discharging pipeline is flush with the upper end opening of the material discharging cylinder, a ninety-degree elbow joint used for connecting and connecting the material discharging pipeline and the material discharging cylinder is arranged between the input end of the material discharging pipeline and the upper end opening of the material discharging cylinder, a fine filter screen which is communicated with the interior of the material discharging pipeline is arranged on the lower end face of the middle position of the material discharging pipeline along the length direction of the material discharging pipeline, and a sand discharging hopper and.
As a further optimization or improvement of the present solution.
The baffle that the slope was arranged is fixed to be provided with on the upside inner wall of blowdown pipeline, and the baffle is located the top of thin filter screen and the distance between baffle and the thin filter screen is narrowed gradually by the directional output of pipeline's input.
As a further optimization or improvement of the present solution.
The power driving device is arranged below the conveying mechanism and comprises a main motor fixedly connected with the mounting frame, a second main shaft rotationally arranged on the mounting frame and a third main shaft rotationally arranged on the mounting frame, the axial direction of an output shaft of the main motor, the axial direction of the second main shaft and the axial direction of the third main shaft are vertically arranged, the output shaft of the main motor is coaxially and fixedly connected with the driving end of the second main shaft, and the output end of the second main shaft is coaxially and fixedly connected with the driving end of one crankshaft;
a driving bevel gear II is coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the main shaft II, the driving end of the packing auger extends to the outside of the conveying pipeline I, and a driven bevel gear II meshed with the driving bevel gear II is coaxially and fixedly sleeved at the end of the packing auger;
a belt transmission assembly II used for connecting the main motor output shaft and the main shaft third driving end is arranged between the main motor output shaft and the main shaft third driving end and used for transmitting power on the main motor output shaft to the main shaft third driving end fan and driving the main shaft third to rotate around the self axial direction, a driving bevel gear third is coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the output end of the main shaft third, and a driven bevel gear third meshed with the driving bevel gear in a three-phase mode is coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the driving shaft third.
Compared with the prior art, the sand mold cleaning device has the advantages of being ingenious in structure, simple in principle and convenient to operate and use, large impurities in the broken sand mold are filtered and screened through the filter screen, then caked sand is impacted and scattered, the sand and small impurities are filtered and separated, the sand with high purity can be obtained, the part of the sand is recycled to be made into a casting mold, and the cleaning efficiency of the broken sand mold is greatly improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the striking mechanism.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the striking structure.
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the lower cartridge.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the charging barrel.
Fig. 6 is a partial structural schematic view of the striking mechanism.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of a synchronous drive member.
Fig. 8 is a matching diagram of the striking mechanism and the blanking mechanism.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of the discharging hopper.
Fig. 10 is a partial structural schematic diagram of the blanking mechanism.
Fig. 11 is a partial structural schematic view of the striking mechanism.
Fig. 12 is a view showing the cleaning member and the lower hopper in combination.
Fig. 13 is a partial structural view of the cleaning member.
Fig. 14 is a partial structural view of the cleaning member.
Fig. 15 is a partial structural view of the cleaning member.
Fig. 16 is a partial structural view of the cleaning member.
Fig. 17 is a view showing the cleaning driving member and the cleaning member.
FIG. 18 is a view showing the combination of the transport mechanism with the feed cylinder and the discharge mechanism.
Fig. 19 is a view showing the combination of the conveying mechanism and the discharging mechanism.
Fig. 20 is a schematic structural view of the conveying mechanism.
Fig. 21 is a partial schematic view of the delivery mechanism.
Fig. 22 is a schematic structural view of the discharge mechanism.
FIG. 23 is a cross-sectional view of the discharge mechanism.
Fig. 24 is a partial schematic view of the discharge mechanism.
FIG. 25 is a drawing showing the power driving device in cooperation with a crankshaft, an auger, and a driving shaft.
Labeled as:
100. an impact mechanism; 101. a mounting frame; 102. a base plate; 103. a top plate; 103a, a vibration guide rod; 103b, a limit snap ring; 103c, a first buffer spring; 103d, a second buffer spring; 104. a connecting plate; 105. feeding the material barrel; 106a and a first interface; 106b and a second interface; 107a, a first impact plate; 107b and a second impact plate; 108. a crankshaft; 109. a socket; 110. a synchronous drive member; 111. a synchronous pulley; 112. a turning wheel; 113. a synchronous belt;
200. a blanking mechanism; 201. feeding a hopper; 202. a trash removal guide plate; 203. coarse filtration; 204. a vibrator; 205. a support plate; 210. a cleaning member; 211. a slide bar; 212. a slider; 213. a deflector rod; 214a, bumps; 214b, a flat slot; 215a, a driving pulley; 215b, a driven pulley; 215c, a belt; 216. a drive block; 220. a cleaning drive member; 221. a first main shaft; 222. a first belt transmission assembly; 223. cleaning a motor; 224. a first driving bevel gear; 225. a driven bevel gear I;
300. a conveying mechanism; 301. a first conveying pipeline; 302. a second conveying pipeline; 303. a packing auger;
400. a discharge mechanism; 401. a discharge cylinder; 402. a discharge conduit; 403. a pipe bending joint; 404. a fine filter screen; 405. a sand discharge hopper; 406. a baffle plate; 407. a turntable; 408. ejecting a plate; 409. a drive shaft;
500. a power drive device; 510. a main motor; 520. a second main shaft; 521. a second driving bevel gear; 522. a driven bevel gear II; 530. a third main shaft; 531. a belt transmission assembly II; 532. a driving bevel gear III; 533. and a driven bevel gear III.
Detailed Description
The broken sand mold mainly comprises three parts, wherein one part is agglomeration of sand, the other part is pimple formed by coagulation of molten metal, and the third part is pimple formed by mixing and coagulating molten metal and sand, and the latter two parts are collectively called as impurities.
Referring to fig. 1 to 25, an impact type cleaning machine applied to renovation of casting sand molds comprises an impact mechanism 100, a blanking mechanism 200, a conveying mechanism 300, a discharging mechanism 400 and a power driving device 500, wherein an output end of the blanking mechanism 200 is connected with an input end of the impact mechanism 100, an output end of the impact mechanism 100 is connected with an input end of the conveying mechanism 300, an output end of the conveying mechanism 300 is connected with an input end of the discharging mechanism 400, the blanking mechanism 200 is used for filtering and removing large impurities in broken sand molds and conveying the broken sand molds into the impact mechanism 100, the impact mechanism 100 is used for impacting and scattering the broken sand molds and discharging the broken sand molds into the conveying mechanism 300, the conveying mechanism 300 is used for conveying the scattered broken sand molds to the discharging mechanism 400, the discharging mechanism 400 is used for filtering and separating sand and small impurities in the broken sand molds and discharging the sand and the small impurities respectively outwards, the power driving device 500 is used for providing driving power for the impact mechanism 100, the conveying mechanism 300 and the discharging mechanism 400.
When the sand mold discharging mechanism is used, a user places a broken sand mold into the discharging mechanism 200, the discharging mechanism 200 enables the broken sand mold to gradually fall into small blocks through mechanical vibration and fall into the impact mechanism 100, meanwhile, large impurities are left in the discharging mechanism 200 and cleaned out, the impact mechanism 100 impacts and breaks the small blocks of broken sand mold and forms a mixture of sand and small impurities, then the mixture of the sand and the small impurities is conveyed into the discharging mechanism 400 through the conveying mechanism 300, the discharging mechanism 400 filters and separates the mixture of the sand and the small impurities and enables the sand and the small impurities to be discharged outwards respectively, and an operator collects and reuses the discharged pure sand to form the sand mold.
The striking mechanism 100 comprises a floor-type mounting frame 101, a rectangular bottom plate 102 is fixedly arranged at the top of the mounting frame 101, a rectangular top plate 103 which is opposite to the bottom plate 102 and has the same size with the bottom plate 102 is arranged above the bottom plate 102, a connecting plate 104 which is fixedly connected with the bottom plate 102 and the top plate 103 is arranged at one end of the bottom plate 102 and the top plate 103 along the length direction, a rectangular blanking barrel 105 is fixedly arranged at the middle position of the bottom plate 102 and the top plate 103 along the length direction in a penetrating way, the blanking barrel 105 is vertically arranged and is provided with an upper end and a lower end which are open, the upper end opening of the blanking barrel 105 is an input end, the lower end opening is an output end, the input end of the blanking barrel 105 extends to the upper part of the top plate 103 and is communicated with the output end of the blanking mechanism 200, the output end extends to the lower part of the bottom plate, the left side surface of the lower charging barrel 105, which is close to the connecting plate 104, is provided with a rectangular first inserting port 106a, the right side surface of the lower charging barrel 105 is provided with a rectangular second inserting port 106b, the sizes of the first inserting port 106a and the second inserting port 106b are the same, the length of the first inserting port 106a and the length of the second inserting port 106b are the same as the width of the side surface of the lower charging barrel 105, the first inserting port 106a and the second inserting port 106b are arranged in an array mode along the length direction of the lower charging barrel 105, the first inserting port 106a and the second inserting port 106b are arranged in a staggered mode, a rectangular impact plate 107a matched with the first inserting port 106a is movably inserted into the first inserting port 106a, the first impact plate 107a is matched with the first inserting port 106a in a movable inserting mode, a rectangular impact plate 107b matched with the second inserting port 106b is movably inserted into the second inserting port 106b, and the second impact plate 107b and the lower, the first impact plate 107a and the second impact plate 107b are arranged to be capable of being switched between an inserting state and a pulling state, the first impact plate 107a and the second impact plate 107b in the inserting state are provided with mutually overlapped parts in the vertical direction, the first impact plate 107 a/the second impact plate 107b in the pulling state are flush with the inner side wall of the blanking barrel 105 on the corresponding side, and the small block-shaped broken sand mold is broken into sand and small impurities by switching between the inserting state and the pulling state at high speed through the first impact plate 107a and the second impact plate 107 b.
Specifically, in order to improve the scattering efficiency of the impact plate I107 a and the impact plate II 107b on the small-block-shaped broken sand mold, the processes of the two insertion plates I107 a/two insertion plates 107b which are positioned on the same side and are adjacent up and down are opposite to each other in switching between the insertion state and the extraction state, the processes of the two insertion plates I107 a and two insertion plates 107b which are positioned on the opposite side and are adjacent left and right are opposite to each other in switching between the insertion state and the extraction state, and the small-block-shaped broken sand mold is alternately impacted through the insertion plates I107 a and the insertion plates II 107b, so that the scattering efficiency of the small-block-shaped broken sand mold is improved.
More specifically, in order to drive the first socket plate 107a and the second socket plate 107b to switch between the plugged state and the removed state in a reciprocating manner at a high speed, a crankshaft 108 is rotatably disposed between the bottom plate 102 and the top plate 103, the crankshafts 108 are vertically disposed in an axial direction, the crankshafts 108 are disposed between the side surface of the lower barrel 105 and the connecting plate 104, the crankshaft 108 on the left side is adapted to the first socket plate 107a, the crankshaft 108 on the right side is adapted to the second socket plate 107b, one ends of the first socket plate 107a and the second socket plate 107b, which are close to the connecting plate 104, are provided with sockets 109 penetrating up and down and disposed along the width direction thereof, the sockets 109 are sleeved on connecting rod journals of the cranks 108, and the connecting rod journals and the sockets 109 can form a sliding guiding fit along the width direction of the first socket plate 107 a/the second socket plate 107b, by driving the cranks 108 to, the first plug board 107a and the second plug board 107b are driven.
More specifically, in order to enable the two crankshafts 108 to be driven synchronously, the upper ends of the two crankshafts 108 penetrate through the top plate 103 in a movable manner, a synchronous transmission member 110 for connecting the two crankshafts 108 is arranged between the upper ends of the two crankshafts 108, the synchronous transmission member 110 comprises a synchronous pulley 111 coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the upper end of the crankshaft 108 and a direction-changing wheel 112 rotatably arranged on the upper end surface of the top plate 103 and vertical to the axial direction, the direction-changing wheel 112 and the synchronous pulley 112 are in the same plane, the direction-changing wheel 112 is provided with four synchronous pulleys and respectively located outside corners of the input end of the lower charging barrel 105, a synchronous belt 113 for connecting the two synchronous pulleys 111 is arranged between the two synchronous pulleys 111, the synchronous belts 113 are respectively wound on the direction-changing wheel 112, the power driving device 500 drives one of the crankshafts 108 to.
In the working process of the impact mechanism 100, the broken sand molds are placed in the blanking mechanism 200, the blanking mechanism 200 gradually scatters into small blocks through mechanical vibration and falls into the blanking cylinder 105 from top to bottom, in the process, the power driving device 500 transmits power to one of the crankshafts 108 and drives the crankshaft 108 to rotate around the axial direction thereof, the synchronous transmission member 110 transmits the power of one of the crankshafts 108 to the other crankshaft 108 and drives the other crankshaft 108 to rotate synchronously, the crankshafts 108 drive the first plug board 107a and the second plug board 107b to perform high-speed reciprocating switching between the insertion state and the extraction state, and the first plug board 107a and the second plug board 107b impact and break up the falling small broken sand molds, so that the small broken sand molds are converted into sand and small impurities and fall into the conveying mechanism 300 from the output end of the blanking barrel 105.
The blanking mechanism 200 is arranged above the top plate 103, the blanking mechanism 200 comprises a square-cone blanking hopper 201 with openings at the upper and lower ends, the opening size of the blanking hopper 201 is gradually increased from bottom to top along the vertical direction, the upper end opening of the blanking hopper 201 is square, the end opening is an input end, the lower end opening is also square, the end opening is an output end, the output end of the blanking hopper 201 is connected and communicated with the input end of the blanking barrel 105, one side of the upper end opening of the blanking hopper 201 is provided with a notch, an impurity discharging guide plate 202 arranged in a downward inclination manner is arranged at the notch, a horizontal coarse strainer 203 is fixedly arranged below the upper end opening of the blanking hopper 201, the coarse strainer 203 is flush with the upper end edge of the impurity discharging guide plate 202, the cross section size of the coarse strainer 203 is consistent with that of the upper end opening of the blanking hopper 201, a vibrator 204 is fixedly arranged on the side of the, the vibrator 204 is used for driving the lower hopper 201 to perform mechanical vibration and vibrating the large block-shaped broken sand mold placed on the coarse strainer 203 into a small block-shaped broken sand mold.
Specifically, in order to effectively support the lower hopper 201 and not affect the vibration of the lower hopper, a square support plate 205 is fixedly sleeved outside the lower hopper 201 close to the opening at the lower end of the lower hopper, a vibration guide rod 103a which is vertically arranged in the axial direction is fixedly arranged on the upper end surface of the top plate 103, four vibration guide rods 103a are arranged in a matrix, corners of the support plate 205 are sleeved on the vibration guide rods 103a and can slide up and down along the vibration guide rods 103a, in order to facilitate the falling-off between the support plate 205 and the vibration guide rods 103a, a limit snap ring 103b is detachably arranged at the top end of the vibration guide rods 103a, in order to buffer the vibration of the lower hopper 201, a buffer spring 103c and a buffer spring two 103d are movably sleeved on the vibration guide rods 103a, the buffer spring one 103c is located above the support plate 205, and the buffer spring two 103d is located, one end of the first buffer spring 103c is abutted against the supporting plate 205, the other end of the first buffer spring is abutted against the limiting snap ring 103b, the elastic force of the first buffer spring 103c is always directed to the supporting plate 205 by the limiting snap ring 103b, one end of the second buffer spring 103d is abutted against the supporting plate 205, the other end of the second buffer spring is abutted against the top plate 103, the elastic force of the second buffer spring 103d is always directed to the supporting plate 205 by the top plate 103, the lower end opening of the lower hopper 201 is movably inserted into the upper end opening of the lower charging barrel 105, and the outer surface of the lower hopper 201 is in.
In the working process of the blanking mechanism 200, an operator places a massive broken sand mold on the coarse screen 203, starts the vibrator 204, the vibrator 204 drives the blanking hopper 201 to vibrate up and down, the massive broken sand mold shakes along with the blanking hopper 201 and scatters into small massive broken sand molds, the small massive broken sand molds penetrate through the coarse screen 203 and fall into the blanking barrel 105 through the blanking hopper 201, large impurities are kept on the coarse screen 203, and the operator discharges the large impurities on the coarse screen 203 through the impurity discharge guide plate 202.
Specifically, in order to facilitate automatic removal of large impurities left on the coarse strainer 203, the blanking mechanism 200 further includes a cleaning member 210 and a cleaning driving member 220, the cleaning member 210 includes a sliding rod 211 fixedly disposed on an inner wall of an opening at an upper end of the blanking hopper 201, an axial direction of the sliding rod 211 is parallel to an opening direction at a notch of the blanking hopper 201 and the sliding rod 211 is located above the coarse strainer 203, two sliding rods 211 are disposed and respectively located at one side of the blanking hopper 201, an elongated slider 212 is disposed between the two sliding rods 211, an end position of the slider 212 in a length direction is movably sleeved on the sliding rod 211 and can slide along an axial direction of the sliding rod 211, a lower end surface of the slider 212 is fixedly provided with a plurality of shift levers 213 vertically disposed in the axial direction, the shift levers 213 extend downward to be flush with the strainer 203, and the shift levers 213 are disposed in an array, in the initial state, the slider 212 is disposed away from the trash discharge guide 202, and the large trash left on the coarse screen 203 is pushed onto the trash discharge guide 202 by driving the slider 212 to slide along the slide bar 211 toward the trash discharge guide 202.
More specifically, in order to drive the slider 212 to slide along the sliding rod 211, the cleaning member 210 further includes a driving pulley 215a and a driven pulley 215b fixedly disposed outside the opening of the lower hopper 201, the driving pulley 215a and the driven pulley 215b are both located on the same side as the sliding rod 211, the driving pulley 215a and the driven pulley 215b are located below the sliding rod 211, the driving pulley 215 a/the driven pulley 215b is rotatably coupled to the lower hopper 201, the axial direction of the driving pulley 215 a/the driven pulley 215b is perpendicular to the axial direction of the sliding rod 211, one end of the driving pulley 215a close to the sliding rod 211, the other end of the driven pulley 215b close to the sliding rod 211, a belt 215c connecting the driving pulley 215a and the driven pulley 215b, a cylindrical driving block 216 is fixedly disposed on the surface of the belt 215c, and the axial direction of the driving block 216 is parallel to the axial direction of the driving pulley 215a, the end position of the slide block 212 along the length direction is fixedly provided with a downward extending convex block 214a, the convex block 214a is positioned outside the opening at the upper end of the lower hopper 201, the convex block 214a is provided with a flat groove 214b which penetrates in the axial direction parallel to the driving block 216 and is vertically arranged, the upper end of the flat groove 214b extends to the upper side of the driven pulley 215b of the driving pulley 215a, the lower end of the flat groove 214b extends to the lower side of the driven pulley 215b of the driving pulley 215a, the driving block 216 is matched with the flat groove 214b and is inserted into the flat groove 214b, the driving block 216 can slide up and down in the flat groove 214b, the slide block 212 can slide towards the impurity removing guide plate 202 along the slide rod 211 by rotating the belt 215c, and the slide block 212 can also rotate along the belt 215c to slide and reset away from the impurity removing guide plate 202 along the slide rod 211.
More specifically, the cleaning driving member 220 includes a first spindle 221 rotatably disposed outside the lower hopper 201, wherein the axial direction of the first spindle 221 is parallel to the axial direction of the driving pulley 215a, a first belt transmission assembly 222 for transmitting the power of the first spindle 221 to the driving pulley 215a is disposed between the end of the first spindle 221 and the two driving pulleys 215a, a cleaning motor 223 fixedly connected to the lower hopper 201 is disposed below the middle position of the first spindle 221 along the length direction thereof, the cleaning motor 223 is a stepping motor, an output shaft of the cleaning motor 223 is vertically disposed in the axial direction and is coaxially and fixedly provided with a first driving bevel gear 224, a first driven bevel gear 225 is coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the first spindle 221 and is engaged with the first driving bevel gear 224 from the first bevel gear 225, the cleaning motor 223 drives the driving pulley 215a to rotate, so as to drive the belt 215c to rotate, thereby driving the slider 212 to slide along the slide bar 211.
During the working process of the cleaning member 210 and the cleaning driving member 220, the cleaning motor 223 is started, the cleaning motor 223 drives the first main shaft 221 to rotate, the first belt transmission assembly 222 transmits the power of the first main shaft 221 to the driving belt wheel 215a and drives the driving belt wheel 215a to rotate, the driving belt wheel 215a drives the belt 215c to rotate, the belt 215c drives the driving block 216 to synchronously run along with the belt 215c, the sun flat slot 214b of the driving block 216 is matched with the driving slide block 212 to slide along the slide bar 211 and close to the impurity removing guide plate 202, the deflector rod 213 deflects the large impurities left on the coarse filter screen 203 towards the impurity removing guide plate 202 until the large impurities are cleaned onto the impurity removing guide plate 202, and the impurity removing guide plate 202 discharges the large impurities.
The conveying mechanism 300 is arranged below the lower charging barrel 105, the conveying mechanism 300 comprises a first conveying pipeline 301 and a second conveying pipeline 302 which are axially horizontal and fixedly connected with the mounting frame 101, one ends, close to each other, of the first conveying pipeline 301 and the second conveying pipeline 302 are in butt joint communication, the ends, far away from each other, of the first conveying pipeline 301 and the second conveying pipeline 302 are arranged in a closed manner, the first conveying pipeline 301 is located below the lower charging barrel 105, the first conveying pipeline 301 is connected and communicated with an opening at the lower end of the lower charging barrel 105, the connection position is positioned on the outer circular surface of the first conveying pipeline 301, the first conveying pipeline 301 and the second conveying pipeline 302 are internally coaxially and rotatably provided with packing augers 303 matched with the first conveying pipeline 301, one end of each packing auger 303 is in rotating connection and matching with the closed end of the first conveying pipeline 301, the other end of each packing auger 303 is in rotating connection and matching with the closed end of the second conveying pipeline 302, the second conveying pipeline 302 is connected and connected with the discharge mechanism 400, the packing auger 303 is driven to rotate by the power driving device 500, and the scattered sand and small impurities are conveyed into the discharging mechanism 400.
The discharge mechanism 400 comprises a discharge cylinder 401 which is arranged below the second conveying pipeline 302 and fixedly connected with the mounting frame 101, the discharge cylinder 401 is arranged with an upward opening and is axially and obliquely arranged, an included angle formed between the central line of the discharge cylinder 401 and the horizontal plane is 45-60 degrees, the bottom of the discharge cylinder 401 is coaxially and rotatably provided with a rotating disc 407, the diameter of the rotating disc 407 is equal to that of the discharge cylinder 401, the upper end face of the rotating disc 407 is fixedly provided with an obliquely arranged rectangular ejection plate 408, the ejection plate 408 is provided with a plurality of ejection plates and is arranged in an array along the circumferential direction of the rotating disc 407, the length direction of the ejection plate 408 is arranged along the radial direction of the rotating disc 407, one end of the ejection plate 408 along the length direction extends to the edge of the rotating disc 407, the other end of the ejection plate is gathered at the central position of the rotating disc 407, the included angle formed by the ejection plate 408 and the plane of the rotating disc 407 is 30 degrees, the lower end, the second conveying pipeline 302 is connected with the material discharge cylinder 401 and the communicating position is located right above the rotary disc 407, the material discharge mechanism 400 further comprises a rectangular material discharge pipeline 402 which is obliquely arranged, the length direction of the material discharge pipeline 402 is perpendicular to the axis direction of the material discharge cylinder 401, the input end of the material discharge pipeline 402 is flush with the upper end opening of the material discharge cylinder 401, a ninety-degree elbow joint 403 for connecting and communicating the two is arranged between the input end of the material discharge pipeline 402 and the upper end opening of the material discharge cylinder 401, sand and small impurities can be separated, a fine filter screen 404 which is communicated with the inner portion of the material discharge pipeline 402 is arranged on the lower end face of the middle position of the material discharge pipeline 402 along the length direction, and a sand discharge hopper 405 which is fixedly connected with the material discharge pipeline 402 is arranged below the fine filter screen 404, and.
In particular, in order to sufficiently separate the sand and the small impurity mixture ejected into the discharge pipe 402 by the ejection plate 408 and avoid direct discharge from the output end of the discharge pipe 402 without contact with the fine screen 404, an obliquely arranged baffle 406 is fixedly arranged on the upper inner wall of the discharge pipe 402, the baffle 406 is positioned above the fine screen 404 and the distance between the baffle 406 and the fine screen 404 is gradually narrowed from the input end of the conveying pipe 402 to the output end.
In the working process of the conveying mechanism 300 and the discharging mechanism 400, the power driving device 500 drives the packing auger 303 to rotate, the packing auger 303 conveys sand and small impurities into the discharging cylinder 401 and downwards falls onto the rotary table 407, meanwhile, the power driving device 500 drives the driving shaft 409 to rotate, the driving shaft 409 drives the rotary table 407 to rotate, the rotary table 407 drives the ejection plate 408 to rotate and to impact and eject the falling sand and small impurities into the elbow joint 403, then the falling sand falls into the discharging pipeline 402, when sliding through the fine filter screen 404, the sand passes through the fine filter screen 404 and falls into the discharging hopper 405 and is discharged outwards, the small impurities continuously slide and are discharged outwards from the output end of the discharging pipeline 402, so that the separation of the sand and the small impurities is realized, in the scheme, the ejection plate 408 impacts the sand and the small impurities again to realize the re-scattering of the small-blocky sand, the sand can be completely separated from the small impurities.
The power driving device 500 is arranged below the conveying mechanism 300, the power driving device 500 comprises a main motor 510 fixedly connected with the mounting frame 100, a second main shaft 520 rotatably arranged on the mounting frame 101, and a third main shaft 530 rotatably arranged on the mounting frame 101, the axial direction of an output shaft of the main motor 510, the axial direction of the second main shaft 520, and the axial direction of the third main shaft 530 are vertically arranged, the output shaft of the main motor 510 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the driving end of the second main shaft 520, and the output end of the second main shaft 520 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the driving end of one of the crankshafts 108.
In order to drive the packing auger 303 to rotate, a driving bevel gear II 521 is coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the second main shaft 520, the driving end of the packing auger 303 extends to the outside of the first conveying pipeline 301, and a driven bevel gear II 522 meshed with the driving bevel gear II 521 is coaxially and fixedly sleeved at the end of the second conveying pipeline.
In order to drive the driving shaft 409 to rotate, a second belt transmission assembly 531 for connecting the output shaft of the main motor 510 and the driving end of the third main shaft 530 is arranged between the output shaft of the main motor 510 and the driving end of the third main shaft 530, the second belt transmission assembly 521 is used for transmitting power on the output shaft of the main motor 510 to the driving end fan of the third main shaft 530 and driving the third main shaft 530 to rotate around the axial direction of the third main shaft, a third driving bevel gear 532 is coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the output end of the third main shaft 530, and a third driven bevel gear 533 meshed with the third driving bevel gear 532 is.
In the working process of the power driving device 500, the main motor 510 is started, the main motor 510 drives the second main shaft 520 to rotate, the second main shaft 520 drives the crankshaft 108 to rotate and enable the impact mechanism 100 to operate normally, the second driving bevel gear 521 is matched with the second driven bevel gear 522 to transmit the power of the second main shaft 520 to the auger 303 and drive the auger 303 to rotate, the conveying mechanism 300 operates normally, the power on the output shaft of the main motor 510 with the second transmission component 531 is transmitted to the third main shaft 530 and drives the third main shaft 530 to rotate, and the third driving bevel gear 532 is matched with the third driven bevel gear 533 to transmit the power of the third main shaft 530 to the driving shaft 409 and enable the discharge mechanism 400 to operate normally.

Claims (12)

1. Be applied to striking formula descaling machine that casting sand mould renovated, its characterized in that: it includes striking mechanism, unloading mechanism, conveying mechanism, arrange material mechanism and power drive arrangement, the switch-on is connected with striking mechanism's input to unloading mechanism's output, striking mechanism's output and conveying mechanism's input are connected the switch-on, conveying mechanism's output and the input of arranging material mechanism are connected the switch-on, unloading mechanism is arranged in filtering the big impurity in the broken sand mould and drive broken sand mould to striking mechanism in, striking mechanism is arranged in assaulting broken sand mould and breaking up and discharge to conveying mechanism in, conveying mechanism is used for carrying the broken sand mould after breaking up to arranging material mechanism, arrange that material mechanism is arranged in carrying out filtering separation and outwards discharging respectively with little impurity the grit in the broken sand mould after breaking up, power drive arrangement is used for providing drive power to striking mechanism, conveying mechanism and row material mechanism.
2. The impact type cleaning machine applied to the renovation of the casting sand mold as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the impact mechanism comprises a floor mounting frame, a rectangular bottom plate is fixedly arranged at the top of the mounting frame, a rectangular top plate which is opposite to the bottom plate and has the same size with the bottom plate is arranged above the bottom plate, a connecting plate which is fixedly connected with the bottom plate and the top plate is arranged at one end of the bottom plate and one end of the top plate along the length direction, a rectangular blanking barrel is fixedly arranged at the middle position of the bottom plate and the top plate along the length direction in a penetrating way, the blanking barrel is vertically arranged, the upper end opening and the lower end opening of the blanking barrel are respectively an input end and an output end, the input end of the blanking barrel extends to the upper part of the top plate and is communicated with the output end of the blanking mechanism, the output end extends to the lower part of the bottom plate and is communicated with the input end of the conveying mechanism, a rectangular first insertion port and a rectangular, the size of the first inserting port is consistent with that of the second inserting port, the length of the first inserting port is equal to that of the side face of the lower charging barrel, the first inserting port and the second inserting port are arranged in an array mode along the length direction of the lower charging barrel, the first inserting port and the second inserting port are arranged in an interlaced mode, the first inserting port and the second inserting port are movably inserted and provided with a first rectangular impact plate matched with the first inserting port and a first impact plate matched with the first inserting port and a second impact plate matched with the second inserting port in an inserted mode, the second impact plate and the lower charging barrel are in sliding guide fit along the opening direction of the second inserting port, the first impact plate and the second impact plate are arranged to be capable of being switched between an inserted state and an extracted state, the first inserting impact plate and the second impact plate are overlapped in the vertical direction, and the first impact plate/impact plate in the extracted state is flush with the inner side wall of the lower charging barrel on one corresponding side.
3. The impact type cleaning machine applied to the renovation of the casting sand mold as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: the processes of the two plugboards I/plugboards II which are positioned on the same side and are adjacent up and down are opposite to each other in switching between the plugging state and the unplugging state, and the processes of the two plugboards I which are positioned on the opposite side and are adjacent left and right are opposite to each other in switching between the plugging state and the unplugging state.
4. The impact type cleaning machine applied to the renovation of the foundry sand mold according to claim 2 or 3, characterized in that: the improved structure of the feeding device is characterized in that crankshafts which are vertically arranged in the axial direction are rotatably arranged between the bottom plate and the top plate, the crankshafts are arranged in two and are respectively arranged between the side face of the lower charging barrel and the connecting plate, the crankshafts which are positioned on the left side are matched with the first plug-in plate, the crankshafts which are positioned on the right side are matched with the second plug-in plate, the first plug-in plate and the second plug-in plate are provided with socket joints which are arranged in an up-down penetrating mode and along the width direction of the first plug-in plate and the second plug-in plate close to one end of the connecting plate.
5. The impact type cleaning machine applied to the renovation of the casting sand mold as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: the upper ends of the two crankshafts penetrate through the top plate in a movable mode, synchronous transmission components used for being connected with the two crankshafts are arranged between the upper ends of the two crankshafts, each synchronous transmission component comprises a synchronous belt pulley which is coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the upper end of the corresponding crankshaft, turning wheels which are arranged on the upper end face of the top plate in a rotating mode and are vertical in the axial direction are arranged on the upper end face of the top plate, the turning wheels and the synchronous belt pulleys are located on the same plane, four turning wheels are arranged on the outer portions of the edges of the input end of the discharging barrel respectively, synchronous belts used for being connected with the two synchronous belt pulleys are arranged between the two synchronous belt pulleys, the synchronous belts are wound on the.
6. The impact type cleaning machine applied to the renovation of the casting sand mold as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the blanking mechanism is arranged above the top plate and comprises a square conical blanking hopper with openings at the upper end and the lower end, the opening size of the blanking hopper is gradually increased from bottom to top along the vertical direction, the opening at the upper end of the blanking hopper is square and the opening at the upper end is an input end, the lower end opening is also set to be square and the end opening is an output end, the output end of the blanking hopper is connected and communicated with the input end of the blanking barrel, one side of the upper end opening of the blanking hopper is set to be a notch, an impurity discharging guide plate which is arranged in a downward inclining mode is arranged at the notch, a horizontal coarse strainer is fixedly arranged below the upper end opening of the blanking hopper and is flush with the upper end edge of the impurity discharging guide plate, the size of the cross section of the coarse strainer at the upper end opening of the blanking hopper is consistent with that of the cross section of the upper end opening of the blanking hopper, a vibrator is fixedly arranged on the side face of the blanking hopper, which is far away from the impurity discharging guide plate, and the vibrator is used for driving the blanking;
the outer part of the blanking hopper close to the opening at the lower end of the blanking hopper is fixedly sleeved with a square support plate, the upper end surface of the top plate is fixedly provided with vibration guide rods which are vertically arranged in the axial direction, the four vibration guide rods are arranged in a matrix manner, the corners of the support plate are sleeved on the vibration guide rods and can slide up and down along the vibration guide rods, the top end of each vibration guide rod is detachably provided with a limit snap ring, the vibration guide rods are movably sleeved with a buffer spring I and a buffer spring II, the buffer spring I is positioned above the support plate, the buffer spring II is positioned below the support plate, one end of the buffer spring I is abutted against the support plate, the other end of the buffer spring I is abutted against the limit snap ring, the elastic force of the buffer spring I is always directed to the support plate by the limit snap ring, one, the lower end opening of the lower hopper is movably inserted into the upper end opening of the lower charging barrel, and the outer surface of the lower hopper is in sliding fit with the inner wall of the lower charging barrel.
7. The impact type cleaning machine applied to the renovation of the casting sand mold as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the blanking mechanism further comprises a cleaning component and a cleaning driving component, the cleaning component comprises slide bars fixedly arranged on the inner wall of an opening at the upper end of the blanking hopper, the axial direction of each slide bar is parallel to the opening direction of the notch of the blanking hopper and the slide bars are positioned above the coarse strainer, two slide bars are arranged and are respectively positioned on one side of the blanking hopper, a strip-shaped slide block is arranged between the two slide bars, the end parts of the slide blocks along the length direction are movably sleeved on the slide bars and can slide along the axial direction of the slide bars, a deflector rod which is axially and vertically arranged is fixedly arranged on the lower end surface of each slide block, the deflector rod extends downwards and is flush with the filter screen, the deflector rods are provided with a plurality of deflector rods and are arranged in an array along;
the cleaning component also comprises a driving belt wheel and a driven belt wheel which are fixedly arranged outside the opening of the lower hopper, the driving belt wheel and the driven belt wheel are positioned at the same side with the slide rod, the driving belt wheel and the driven belt wheel are positioned below the slide rod, the driving belt wheel/the driven belt wheel are in running fit with the lower hopper, the axial directions of the driving belt wheel/the driven belt wheel are all vertical to the axial direction of the slide rod, the driving belt wheel is arranged at one end close to the slide rod, the driven belt wheel is arranged at the other end close to the slide rod, a belt for connecting the driving belt wheel and the driven belt wheel is arranged between the driving belt wheel and the driven belt wheel, a cylindrical driving block is fixedly arranged on the surface of the belt, the axial direction of the driving block is parallel to the axial direction of the driving belt wheel, a downward extending lug is fixedly arranged at the end position of the sliding block along the length direction, the upper end of the flat groove extends to the upper part of the driving pulley driven pulley, the lower end of the flat groove extends to the lower part of the driving pulley driven pulley, the driving block is matched with the flat groove and is inserted into the flat groove, and the driving block can slide up and down in the flat groove.
8. The impact type cleaning machine applied to the renovation of the casting sand mold as claimed in claim 7, is characterized in that: the cleaning driving component comprises a first main shaft which is rotatably arranged outside the lower hopper, the axial direction of the first main shaft is parallel to the axial direction of the driving belt wheels, a first belt transmission component which is used for transmitting the power of the first main shaft to the driving belt wheels is arranged between one end of the main shaft and the two driving belt wheels, a first cleaning motor which is fixedly connected with the lower hopper is arranged below the middle position of the first main shaft along the length direction of the first main shaft, the first cleaning motor is a stepping motor, an output shaft of the first cleaning motor is vertically arranged in the axial direction, a first driving bevel gear is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the output shaft, and a first driven bevel gear is coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the first main shaft and meshed with the first.
9. The impact type cleaning machine applied to the renovation of the casting sand mold as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: conveying mechanism set up in the below of feed cylinder down, conveying mechanism include axial level and with mounting bracket fixed connection's pipeline one and pipeline two, pipeline one and pipeline two are close to one end butt joint switch-on each other, keep away from one end each other and all seal the arrangement, pipeline one is located the below of feed cylinder down and pipeline one is connected the switch-on with the lower extreme opening of feed cylinder down, and switch-on department is located the outer disc of pipeline one, pipeline one and pipeline two in coaxial rotation be provided with the auger rather than the adaptation, auger one end is connected the cooperation with the blind end swivelling joint of pipeline one, the other end is connected the cooperation with the blind end swivelling joint of pipeline two, pipeline two is connected the switch-on with row material mechanism.
10. The impact type cleaning machine applied to the renovation of the casting sand mold as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the discharge mechanism comprises a discharge cylinder which is arranged below the second conveying pipeline and fixedly connected with an installation frame, the opening of the discharge cylinder is arranged upwards and the discharge cylinder is axially and obliquely arranged, an included angle formed between the central line of the discharge cylinder and the horizontal plane is 45-60 degrees, the bottom of the discharge cylinder is coaxially and rotatably provided with a rotary disc, the diameter of the rotary disc is equal to that of the discharge cylinder, the upper end face of the rotary disc is fixedly provided with a plurality of rectangular ejection plates which are obliquely arranged, the ejection plates are arranged in an array mode along the circumferential direction of the rotary disc, the length direction of the ejection plates is arranged along the radial direction of the rotary disc, one end of each ejection plate along the length direction extends to the edge of the rotary disc, the other end of each ejection plate gathers at the central position of the rotary disc, the included angle formed by the ejection plates and the plane of the rotary disc is 30 degrees, the second conveying pipeline is connected with a material discharging cylinder and is communicated with the material discharging cylinder to be located right above the rotary table, the material discharging mechanism further comprises a rectangular material discharging pipeline which is obliquely arranged, the length direction of the material discharging pipeline is perpendicular to the axis direction of the material discharging cylinder, the input end of the material discharging pipeline is flush with the upper end opening of the material discharging cylinder, a ninety-degree elbow joint used for connecting and connecting the material discharging pipeline and the material discharging cylinder is arranged between the input end of the material discharging pipeline and the upper end opening of the material discharging cylinder, a fine filter screen which is communicated with the interior of the material discharging pipeline is arranged on the lower end face of the middle position of the material discharging pipeline along the length direction of the material discharging pipeline, and a sand discharging hopper and.
11. The impact cleaner for use in foundry sand mold refurbishment of claim 10, wherein: the baffle that the slope was arranged is fixed to be provided with on the upside inner wall of blowdown pipeline, and the baffle is located the top of thin filter screen and the distance between baffle and the thin filter screen is narrowed gradually by the directional output of pipeline's input.
12. The impact type cleaning machine applied to the renovation of the casting sand mold as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the power driving device is arranged below the conveying mechanism and comprises a main motor fixedly connected with the mounting frame, a second main shaft rotationally arranged on the mounting frame and a third main shaft rotationally arranged on the mounting frame, the axial direction of an output shaft of the main motor, the axial direction of the second main shaft and the axial direction of the third main shaft are vertically arranged, the output shaft of the main motor is coaxially and fixedly connected with the driving end of the second main shaft, and the output end of the second main shaft is coaxially and fixedly connected with the driving end of one crankshaft;
a driving bevel gear II is coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the main shaft II, the driving end of the packing auger extends to the outside of the conveying pipeline I, and a driven bevel gear II meshed with the driving bevel gear II is coaxially and fixedly sleeved at the end of the packing auger;
a belt transmission assembly II used for connecting the main motor output shaft and the main shaft third driving end is arranged between the main motor output shaft and the main shaft third driving end and used for transmitting power on the main motor output shaft to the main shaft third driving end fan and driving the main shaft third to rotate around the self axial direction, a driving bevel gear third is coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the output end of the main shaft third, and a driven bevel gear third meshed with the driving bevel gear in a three-phase mode is coaxially and fixedly sleeved on the driving shaft third.
CN201911330294.3A 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 Be applied to striking formula descaling machine that casting sand mould renovated Withdrawn CN110976047A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911330294.3A CN110976047A (en) 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 Be applied to striking formula descaling machine that casting sand mould renovated

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911330294.3A CN110976047A (en) 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 Be applied to striking formula descaling machine that casting sand mould renovated

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110976047A true CN110976047A (en) 2020-04-10

Family

ID=70074411

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911330294.3A Withdrawn CN110976047A (en) 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 Be applied to striking formula descaling machine that casting sand mould renovated

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110976047A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112191531A (en) * 2020-10-15 2021-01-08 杭州瑞芳容科技有限公司 Crushing degree screening and feedback device of crusher

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1008387A1 (en) * 1998-12-11 2000-06-14 Akae Kikai Kogyo Kabushika Kaisha Screen crusher
CN106733087A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-31 王远 A kind of agriculture big data caking fertilizer reducing mechanism
CN206965805U (en) * 2017-07-05 2018-02-06 吕锋 A kind of compound disintegrating machine of mining multifunctional
CN207521076U (en) * 2017-11-14 2018-06-22 成都华西天然药物有限公司 A kind of drug crushing and screening device
CN108674998A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-10-19 重庆瑞霆塑胶有限公司 Storage trolley for plastic material particle
CN108906181A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-30 圣云来 A kind of abrasive material mechanism for scrap glass secondary operation
CN109092512A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-12-28 张伟菌 A kind of post-consumer glass secondary use Po Fen mechanism
CN208356994U (en) * 2018-05-11 2019-01-11 马利娟 A kind of stone crusher for building
CN109289276A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-02-01 陈广焕 A kind of environmentally protective rural area purifying trench sewage processing unit

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1008387A1 (en) * 1998-12-11 2000-06-14 Akae Kikai Kogyo Kabushika Kaisha Screen crusher
CN106733087A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-31 王远 A kind of agriculture big data caking fertilizer reducing mechanism
CN206965805U (en) * 2017-07-05 2018-02-06 吕锋 A kind of compound disintegrating machine of mining multifunctional
CN207521076U (en) * 2017-11-14 2018-06-22 成都华西天然药物有限公司 A kind of drug crushing and screening device
CN108674998A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-10-19 重庆瑞霆塑胶有限公司 Storage trolley for plastic material particle
CN208356994U (en) * 2018-05-11 2019-01-11 马利娟 A kind of stone crusher for building
CN108906181A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-30 圣云来 A kind of abrasive material mechanism for scrap glass secondary operation
CN109092512A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-12-28 张伟菌 A kind of post-consumer glass secondary use Po Fen mechanism
CN109289276A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-02-01 陈广焕 A kind of environmentally protective rural area purifying trench sewage processing unit

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112191531A (en) * 2020-10-15 2021-01-08 杭州瑞芳容科技有限公司 Crushing degree screening and feedback device of crusher

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN110639650B (en) Lime stone is with smashing screening all-in-one
CN110976047A (en) Be applied to striking formula descaling machine that casting sand mould renovated
CN110813447B (en) Sand and stone separator
CN110976058A (en) Filtering and discharging mechanism for broken casting sand mold
CN110947905B (en) Efficient renovating and cleaning method for casting sand mold
CN110961573B (en) Discrete distribution forming mechanism of casting sand mould
CN110624677A (en) Pulverizer capable of automatically cleaning
CN211026463U (en) Concrete rubbing crusher for building engineering
CN210995268U (en) Quick cleaning device of grit separator
CN210700560U (en) Building heat preservation mortar unloader
CN111216281A (en) Label separator
CN111589515A (en) Concrete cleaning waste residue and waste liquid treatment machine
CN209275580U (en) Conveying device is used in a kind of production of iron runner material
KR200334483Y1 (en) apparatus for reclaiming plastic materials
CN108935760A (en) A kind of tea-processing equipment
CN213435480U (en) Dust collector for soybean
CN216368823U (en) Sand and stone separation electromechanical device for constructional engineering
KR102297805B1 (en) Iron content removing device having cleaning function
CN215964822U (en) Grain dust and impurity removal device
CN213967558U (en) Grit screening installation is used in production of environmental protection concrete
CN215542654U (en) A sieve butyl machine for dried plum butyl
CN113457771A (en) Even gyratory crusher of broken granule
CN213315219U (en) Quick dismounting device of granulator shower nozzle and granulator thereof
CN214416484U (en) Foundry goods waste collection device
KR101398327B1 (en) Device for remove different thing in ore materials continuous feeding apparatus

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
CB02 Change of applicant information

Address after: 230000 Qiming Road office, building 2, Fortune Plaza, Luyang District, Hefei City, Anhui Province

Applicant after: Lu'an qimingdao Electromechanical Technology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 237000 East Gaocheng road science and technology innovation center, Lu'an economic and Technological Development Zone, Anhui Province

Applicant before: Lu'an qimingdao Electromechanical Technology Co.,Ltd.

CB02 Change of applicant information
WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20200410

WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication