CN110947828B - Copper product punching tool and working method thereof - Google Patents

Copper product punching tool and working method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110947828B
CN110947828B CN201911141517.1A CN201911141517A CN110947828B CN 110947828 B CN110947828 B CN 110947828B CN 201911141517 A CN201911141517 A CN 201911141517A CN 110947828 B CN110947828 B CN 110947828B
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
drives
motor
copper
move
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CN201911141517.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110947828A (en
Inventor
张育玮
张枫
杨勇
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Anhui Fenghui Metal Co ltd
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Anhui Fenghui Metal Co ltd
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Priority to CN201911141517.1A priority Critical patent/CN110947828B/en
Publication of CN110947828A publication Critical patent/CN110947828A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D28/00Shaping by press-cutting; Perforating
    • B21D28/24Perforating, i.e. punching holes
    • B21D28/28Perforating, i.e. punching holes in tubes or other hollow bodies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B15/00Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area
    • B08B15/04Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area from a small area, e.g. a tool
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/003Positioning devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/02Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool
    • B21D43/04Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work
    • B21D43/12Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work by chains or belts

Abstract

The invention discloses a copper product punching tool and a working method thereof. According to the invention, the copper square pipe is put in from one side of the inlet and outlet of the pipe inlet frame, the first air cylinder piston rod drives the sliding block to slide on the waist-shaped hole, the sliding block drives the spring rod to rotate, the spring rod is matched with the rotating rod to drive the two side plates to move, and further the conveying belts between the two side plates move, the distance between the four conveying belts is adjusted according to the size of the copper square pipe, the first motor drives the conveying belts to rotate to drive the copper square pipe to be conveyed to the supporting plate, and the technical problem that in the prior art, the copper square pipe needs to be manually pushed to a punching tool workbench, and the automation degree.

Description

Copper product punching tool and working method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of copper product processing, in particular to a copper product punching tool and a working method thereof.
Background
The copper product comprises daily necessities and industrial goods which are made of copper and are processed by adopting pure copper or copper alloy as main raw materials, a copper square tube is one of the daily necessities and the industrial goods, and the copper square tube is suitable for industrial decoration, decoration and the like.
Patent document (CN 201711355345.9) discloses an efficient copper bar punching device, this punching device can be according to people's demand, adjust the position of drift on the board of punching a hole at will, be favorable to the diversification that the copper bar produced, improve the efficiency of multiple copper bar production, but this piercing press needs the manual work with copper pipe propelling movement to the bench of punching a hole, degree of automation is not high, this piercing press is not good to the centre gripping effect of copper pipe at the in-process that punches a hole to the copper pipe simultaneously, cause the deformation of copper pipe easily, the copper bits that the in-process that punches a hole simultaneously produced splashes and also is difficult to collect.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a copper product punching tool and a working method thereof, and solves the following technical problems: (1) the copper square pipe is put into the pipe feeding frame from one side of the upper outlet of the pipe feeding frame, the piston rod of the first air cylinder drives the sliding block to slide on the waist-shaped hole, the sliding block drives the spring rod to rotate, the spring rod is matched with the rotating rod to drive the two side plates to move, and further the conveying belts between the two side plates move; (2) the piston rod of the second air cylinder drives the connecting strips to move in the horizontal direction, the connecting strips drive one of the mounting plates to slide on the supporting square pipe, the mounting plates drive the moving strips to move horizontally, the moving strips are in contact with the rotating wheels to drive the rotating wheels to rotate, the rotating wheels drive the other moving strip to move horizontally, the two mounting plates slide in opposite directions on the supporting square pipe, and the mounting plates adjust the clamping blocks on the two sides through the limiting columns to clamp the two sides of the copper square pipe, so that the technical problems that in the prior art, the clamping effect of a copper square pipe machining tool is poor, the deformation of the square pipe is easily caused by clamping; (3) stop the copper bits that the trompil in-process produced and splash through keeping off the shell, the copper bits that the air exhauster will keep off the shell and stop simultaneously through the trachea draw to storing up the bits incasement, solve among the prior art copper side pipe trompil process copper bits technical problem that can't collect that splashes easily.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
a copper product punching tool comprises a punching table, wherein a supporting seat is installed at the top of the punching table, a pipe inlet frame is installed at the top of the supporting seat, an inlet and an outlet are communicated at two ends of the pipe inlet frame, mounting strips are installed at the top and the bottom of the inner wall of the pipe inlet frame, four waist-shaped holes are symmetrically formed in the two mounting strips, sliding blocks are connected to the waist-shaped holes in a sliding mode, spring rods are rotatably connected to two sides of each sliding block, one ends, far away from the mounting strips, of the spring rods are rotatably connected with side plates, and a conveying belt is arranged between;
the supporting device comprises a supporting seat, a supporting wheel, a supporting square tube, mounting plates, two moving strips, a rotating wheel, two limiting columns and two clamping blocks, wherein the supporting seat is arranged on one side of the supporting seat, the top of the supporting leg is fixedly provided with the supporting square tube, the two sides of the top of the supporting square tube are respectively provided with the mounting plates in a sliding manner, the centers of the tops of the two mounting plates are symmetrically provided with the two moving strips, the two moving strips are in contact with the two sides of the rotating wheel, the rotating wheel is rotatably sleeved on the outer peripheral surface of the mounting shaft;
the punching machine is characterized in that a fixing frame is further mounted at the top of the punching table, a second motor is mounted on the fixing frame, an output shaft of the second motor is connected with a first lead screw through belt transmission, the peripheral surface of the first lead screw is connected with a first connecting plate through nut transmission, a second connecting plate is mounted at the top of the first connecting plate, a third motor is mounted on one side of the second connecting plate, an output shaft of the third motor is connected with a second lead screw through belt transmission, the peripheral surface of the second lead screw is connected with a third connecting plate through nut transmission, a fourth motor is mounted on one side of the third connecting plate, an output shaft of the fourth motor is connected with a third lead screw through belt transmission, the peripheral surface of the third lead screw is connected with a fourth connecting plate through nut transmission, the third connecting plate is mounted on the movable shell, a fifth motor is fixedly mounted at the top of the movable, the punching head is installed to the telescopic shaft bottom, telescopic shaft outer peripheral face cover is equipped with the axle sleeve, the axle sleeve passes through lifter plate and connects fourth connecting plate one side, the fender shell is still installed to the lifter plate bottom.
Further, the conveyer belt passes through first motor drive, first motor is installed on the curb plate.
Furthermore, a second cylinder is installed at the bottom of the supporting square tube, a piston rod of the second cylinder is connected with a connecting strip, and the connecting strip is fixedly connected with one of the mounting plates.
Furthermore, the blocking shell is communicated to the inner wall of the scrap storage box through an air pipe, an exhaust fan is installed at the top of the scrap storage box, and an exhaust fan air suction opening is communicated with the top of the scrap storage box.
Furthermore, the first connecting plate is slidably mounted at the top of the fixing frame, the third connecting plate is slidably mounted on the second connecting plate, and the fourth connecting plate is slidably mounted on one side of the third connecting plate.
Further, two curb plate bilateral symmetry rotates installs the dwang, the dwang is kept away from curb plate one end and is rotated and connect the mounting bar, the piston rod of first cylinder is connected to the sliding block.
Further, the working method of the copper product punching tool comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the copper square pipe is placed from one side of an upper outlet and a lower outlet of the pipe feeding frame, a first air cylinder piston rod drives a sliding block to slide on a waist-shaped hole, the sliding block drives a spring rod to rotate, the spring rod is matched with a rotating rod to drive two side plates to move, and further a conveying belt between the two side plates moves;
step two: the piston rod of the second air cylinder drives the connecting strips to move in the horizontal direction, the connecting strips drive one of the mounting plates to slide on the supporting square pipe, the mounting plates drive the moving strips to move horizontally, the moving strips contact with the rotating wheels to drive the rotating wheels to rotate, the rotating wheels drive the other moving strip to move horizontally, the two mounting plates slide in opposite directions on the supporting square pipe, and the mounting plates adjust the two-side clamping blocks through the limiting columns to clamp the two sides of the copper square pipe;
step three: the second motor output shaft drives the first lead screw to rotate through a belt, the first lead screw is matched with the nut to drive the first connecting plate to move in the X-axis direction at the top of the fixing frame, the first connecting plate drives the second connecting plate to move in the X-axis direction, a third motor output shaft on the second connecting plate drives the second lead screw to rotate through the belt, the second lead screw is matched with the nut to drive the third connecting plate to move in the Y-axis direction, a fourth motor output shaft on the third connecting plate drives the third lead screw to rotate through the belt, the third lead screw is matched with the nut to drive the fourth connecting plate to lift, the fourth connecting plate lifts through a lifting plate and driving shaft sleeve, the shaft sleeve drives the telescopic shaft to adjust the length, the fifth motor output shaft drives the telescopic shaft to rotate through belt transmission, the telescopic shaft perforates a copper square pipe through a punching head, the blocking shell blocks copper scraps generated in the perforating process, and simultaneously the exhaust fan.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) according to the copper product punching tool and the working method thereof, the copper square pipe is placed from one side of the upper outlet of the pipe feeding frame, the first cylinder piston rod drives the sliding block to slide on the waist-shaped hole, the sliding block drives the spring rod to rotate, the spring rod is matched with the rotating rod to drive the two side plates to move, and further the conveying belt between the two side plates moves;
(2) the piston rod of the second air cylinder drives the connecting strip to move in the horizontal direction, the connecting strip drives one of the mounting plates to slide on the supporting square pipe, the mounting plate drives the moving strip to move horizontally, the moving strip contacts with the rotating wheel to drive the other moving strip to move horizontally, and the two mounting plates slide in opposite directions on the supporting square pipe;
(3) a second motor output shaft drives a first lead screw to rotate through a belt, a first lead screw is matched with a nut to drive a first connecting plate to move in the X-axis direction at the top of a fixing frame, the first connecting plate drives a second connecting plate to move in the X-axis direction, a third motor output shaft on the second connecting plate drives a second lead screw to rotate through the belt, a second lead screw is matched with the nut to drive a third connecting plate to move in the Y-axis direction, a fourth motor output shaft on the third connecting plate drives a third lead screw to rotate through the belt, the third lead screw is matched with the nut to drive the fourth connecting plate to lift, the fourth connecting plate is lifted through a lifting plate and driving shaft sleeve, the shaft sleeve drives a telescopic shaft to adjust the length, a fifth motor output shaft drives the telescopic shaft to rotate through belt transmission, the telescopic shaft perforates a copper square pipe through a punching head, a blocking shell blocks copper scraps generated in the perforating process, and simultaneously extracts the, through this setting, can carry out the trompil of different positions to copper side pipe, effectively collect the copper scraps of the in-process that punches a hole simultaneously, effectively prevent that the copper scraps that the trompil in-process produced from splashing.
Drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an internal structural view of the intake tube holder of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an installation view of the support plate of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a front view of FIG. 3 of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the holder of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a punching table; 2. a supporting seat; 3. putting the pipe into a pipe frame; 4. mounting a bar; 5. a waist-shaped hole; 6. a slider; 7. a spring lever; 8. rotating the rod; 9. a side plate; 91. a conveyor belt; 10. a first cylinder; 11. a first motor; 12. an inlet and an outlet; 13. supporting legs; 14. supporting the square pipe; 15. a second cylinder; 16. a connecting strip; 17. a moving bar; 171. mounting a plate; 20. a limiting column; 201. a clamping block; 21. installing a shaft; 22. a rotating wheel; 23. a support plate; 24. a fixed mount; 25. a second motor; 26. a first lead screw; 261. a first connecting plate; 27. a second connecting plate; 28. a third motor; 29. a second lead screw; 291. a third connecting plate; 30. a fourth motor; 31. a third screw rod; 311. a fourth connecting plate; 32. a fifth motor; 321. moving the shell; 33. a telescopic shaft; 331. a shaft sleeve; 332. a lifting plate; 34. a punching head; 35. a blocking shell; 36. a scrap storage box; 37. an exhaust fan.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-5, the invention relates to a copper product punching tool, which comprises a punching table 1, wherein a supporting seat 2 is installed at the top of the punching table 1, a pipe feeding frame 3 is installed at the top of the supporting seat 2, two ends of the pipe feeding frame 3 are communicated with an inlet and an outlet 12, mounting bars 4 are installed at the top and the bottom of the inner wall of the pipe feeding frame 3, four waist-shaped holes 5 are symmetrically formed in the two mounting bars 4, sliding blocks 6 are connected onto the waist-shaped holes 5 in a sliding manner, spring rods 7 are rotatably connected to two sides of the sliding blocks 6, one end, far away from the mounting bars 4, of each spring rod 7 is rotatably connected with a side;
two supporting legs 13 are arranged on one side of the supporting seat 2, a supporting square tube 14 is fixedly installed on the top of each supporting leg 13, mounting plates 171 are installed on two sides of the top of each supporting square tube 14 in a sliding mode, two moving strips 17 are symmetrically installed in the centers of the tops of the two mounting plates 171, the two moving strips 17 are in contact with two sides of a rotating wheel 22, the rotating wheel 22 is rotatably sleeved on the outer peripheral surface of a mounting shaft 21, the mounting shaft 21 is fixedly installed on the top of each supporting square tube 14, a supporting plate 23 is fixedly installed on the top of the mounting shaft 21, two limiting columns 20 are symmetrically installed on the upper surfaces;
the top of the punching table 1 is also provided with a fixed frame 24, the fixed frame 24 is provided with a second motor 25, the output shaft of the second motor 25 is connected with a first screw rod 26 through belt transmission, the peripheral surface of the first screw rod 26 is connected with a first connecting plate 261 through nut transmission, the top of the first connecting plate 261 is provided with a second connecting plate 27, one side of the second connecting plate 27 is provided with a third motor 28, the output shaft of the third motor 28 is connected with a second screw rod 29 through belt transmission, the peripheral surface of the second screw rod 29 is connected with a third connecting plate 291 through nut transmission, one side of the third connecting plate 291 is provided with a fourth motor 30, the output shaft of the fourth motor 30 is connected with a third screw rod 31 through belt transmission, the peripheral surface of the third screw rod 31 is connected with a fourth connecting plate 311 through nut transmission, the third connecting plate 291 is arranged on the movable shell 321, the top of the movable shell 321 is, the bottom of the telescopic shaft 33 is provided with a punching head 34, the outer peripheral surface of the telescopic shaft 33 is sleeved with a shaft sleeve 331, the shaft sleeve 331 is connected with one side of the fourth connecting plate 311 through a lifting plate 332, and the bottom of the lifting plate 332 is also provided with a blocking shell 35.
Specifically, the conveyor belt 91 is driven by a first motor 11, and the first motor 11 is mounted on the side plate 9. The bottom of the supporting square tube 14 is provided with a second cylinder 15, a piston rod of the second cylinder 15 is connected with a connecting strip 16, and the connecting strip 16 is fixedly connected with one of the mounting plates 171. The blocking shell 35 is communicated with the inner wall of the scrap storage box 36 through an air pipe, the top of the scrap storage box 36 is provided with an exhaust fan 37, and an air suction opening of the exhaust fan 37 is communicated with the top of the scrap storage box 36. The first connecting plate 261 is slidably mounted on the top of the fixing frame 24, the third connecting plate 291 is slidably mounted on the second connecting plate 27, and the fourth connecting plate 311 is slidably mounted on one side of the third connecting plate 291. Two 9 bilateral symmetry of curb plate rotate and install dwang 8, and dwang 8 is kept away from 9 one ends of curb plate and is rotated and connect mounting bar 4, and sliding block 6 is connected the piston rod of first cylinder 10. A working method of a copper product punching tool comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: putting a copper square pipe into the pipe feeding frame 3 from one side of an upper outlet 12, driving a sliding block 6 to slide on a waist-shaped hole 5 by a piston rod of a first air cylinder 10, driving a spring rod 7 to rotate by the sliding block 6, driving two side plates 9 to move by the spring rod 7 matched with a rotating rod 8, driving a conveying belt 91 between the two side plates 9 to move, adjusting the intervals of the four conveying belts 91 according to the size of the copper square pipe, and driving the conveying belts 91 to rotate by a first motor 11 to drive the copper square pipe to be conveyed to a supporting plate 23;
step two: the piston rod of the second cylinder 15 drives the connecting bar 16 to move horizontally, the connecting bar 16 drives one of the mounting plates 171 to slide on the supporting square tube 14, then the mounting plate 171 drives the moving bar 17 to move horizontally, the moving bar 17 contacts the rotating wheel 22 to drive the rotating bar to rotate, the rotating wheel 22 drives the other moving bar 17 to move horizontally, then the two mounting plates 171 slide on the supporting square tube 14 in opposite directions, and the mounting plates 171 adjust the clamping blocks 201 on the two sides to clamp the two sides of the copper square tube through the limiting columns 20;
step three: an output shaft of a second motor 25 drives a first screw rod 26 to rotate through a belt, the first screw rod 26 drives a first connecting plate 261 to move in the X-axis direction of the top of a fixed frame 24 through a nut, the first connecting plate 261 drives a second connecting plate 27 to move in the X-axis direction, an output shaft of a third motor 28 on the second connecting plate 27 drives a second screw rod 29 to rotate through a belt, the second screw rod 29 drives a third connecting plate 291Y to move in the Y-axis direction through a nut, an output shaft of a fourth motor 30 on the third connecting plate 291 drives a third screw rod 31 to rotate through a belt, the third screw rod 31 drives a fourth connecting plate 311 to lift through a nut, the fourth connecting plate 311 drives a shaft sleeve 331 to lift through a lifting plate 332, the shaft sleeve 331 drives a telescopic shaft 33 to adjust the length, an output shaft of a fifth motor 32 drives the telescopic shaft 33 to rotate through a belt, the telescopic shaft 33 opens a hole on a copper square tube through, meanwhile, the suction fan 37 sucks the copper scraps blocked by the blocking shell 35 into the scrap storage box 36 through an air pipe.
Referring to fig. 1-5, the working process of the copper product punching tool of the present embodiment is as follows:
the method comprises the following steps: putting a copper square pipe into the pipe feeding frame 3 from one side of an upper outlet 12, driving a sliding block 6 to slide on a waist-shaped hole 5 by a piston rod of a first air cylinder 10, driving a spring rod 7 to rotate by the sliding block 6, driving two side plates 9 to move by the spring rod 7 matched with a rotating rod 8, driving a conveying belt 91 between the two side plates 9 to move, adjusting the intervals of the four conveying belts 91 according to the size of the copper square pipe, and driving the conveying belts 91 to rotate by a first motor 11 to drive the copper square pipe to be conveyed to a supporting plate 23;
step two: the piston rod of the second cylinder 15 drives the connecting bar 16 to move horizontally, the connecting bar 16 drives one of the mounting plates 171 to slide on the supporting square tube 14, then the mounting plate 171 drives the moving bar 17 to move horizontally, the moving bar 17 contacts the rotating wheel 22 to drive the rotating bar to rotate, the rotating wheel 22 drives the other moving bar 17 to move horizontally, then the two mounting plates 171 slide on the supporting square tube 14 in opposite directions, and the mounting plates 171 adjust the clamping blocks 201 on the two sides to clamp the two sides of the copper square tube through the limiting columns 20;
step three: an output shaft of a second motor 25 drives a first screw rod 26 to rotate through a belt, the first screw rod 26 drives a first connecting plate 261 to move in the X-axis direction of the top of a fixed frame 24 through a nut, the first connecting plate 261 drives a second connecting plate 27 to move in the X-axis direction, an output shaft of a third motor 28 on the second connecting plate 27 drives a second screw rod 29 to rotate through a belt, the second screw rod 29 drives a third connecting plate 291Y to move in the Y-axis direction through a nut, an output shaft of a fourth motor 30 on the third connecting plate 291 drives a third screw rod 31 to rotate through a belt, the third screw rod 31 drives a fourth connecting plate 311 to lift through a nut, the fourth connecting plate 311 drives a shaft sleeve 331 to lift through a lifting plate 332, the shaft sleeve 331 drives a telescopic shaft 33 to adjust the length, an output shaft of a fifth motor 32 drives the telescopic shaft 33 to rotate through a belt, the telescopic shaft 33 opens a hole on a copper square tube through, meanwhile, the suction fan 37 sucks the copper scraps blocked by the blocking shell 35 into the scrap storage box 36 through an air pipe.
The foregoing is merely exemplary and illustrative of the present invention and various modifications, additions and substitutions may be made by those skilled in the art to the specific embodiments described without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.

Claims (2)

1. The punching tool for the copper product is characterized by comprising a punching table (1), wherein a supporting seat (2) is installed at the top of the punching table (1), a pipe inlet frame (3) is installed at the top of the supporting seat (2), two ends of the pipe inlet frame (3) are communicated with an inlet and an outlet (12), mounting bars (4) are installed at the top and the bottom of the inner wall of the pipe inlet frame (3), four waist-shaped holes (5) are symmetrically formed in the two mounting bars (4), sliding blocks (6) are connected onto the waist-shaped holes (5) in a sliding mode, spring rods (7) are connected to two sides of each sliding block (6) in a rotating mode, one ends, far away from the mounting bars (4), of the spring rods (7) are connected with side plates (9) in a rotating mode, and;
the supporting device is characterized in that two supporting legs (13) are arranged on one side of the supporting seat (2), supporting square tubes (14) are fixedly mounted at the tops of the supporting legs (13), mounting plates (171) are slidably mounted on two sides of the tops of the supporting square tubes (14), two moving strips (17) are symmetrically mounted at the centers of the tops of the two mounting plates (171), the two moving strips (17) are in contact with two sides of a rotating wheel (22), the rotating wheel (22) is rotatably sleeved on the outer peripheral surface of the mounting shaft (21), the mounting shaft (21) is fixedly mounted at the top of the supporting square tubes (14), a supporting plate (23) is fixedly mounted at the top of the mounting shaft (21), two limiting columns (20) are symmetrically mounted on the upper surfaces of the two mounting plates (171), and two clamping;
the punching machine is characterized in that a fixing frame (24) is further installed at the top of the punching table (1), a second motor (25) is installed on the fixing frame (24), an output shaft of the second motor (25) is connected with a first screw rod (26) through belt transmission, the peripheral face of the first screw rod (26) is connected with a first connecting plate (261) through nut transmission, a second connecting plate (27) is installed at the top of the first connecting plate (261), a third motor (28) is installed on one side of the second connecting plate (27), an output shaft of the third motor (28) is connected with a second screw rod (29) through belt transmission, the peripheral face of the second screw rod (29) is connected with a third connecting plate (291) through nut transmission, a fourth motor (30) is installed on one side of the third connecting plate (291), and an output shaft of the fourth motor (30) is connected with a, the outer peripheral surface of the third screw rod (31) is in transmission connection with a fourth connecting plate (311) through a nut, the third connecting plate (291) is installed on a movable shell (321), a fifth motor (32) is fixedly installed at the top of the movable shell (321), an output shaft of the fifth motor (32) is in transmission connection with a telescopic shaft (33) through a belt, a punching head (34) is installed at the bottom of the telescopic shaft (33), a shaft sleeve (331) is sleeved on the outer peripheral surface of the telescopic shaft (33), the shaft sleeve (331) is connected with one side of the fourth connecting plate (311) through a lifting plate (332), and a blocking shell (35) is further installed at the bottom of the lifting plate (332);
the conveying belt (91) is driven by a first motor (11), and the first motor (11) is installed on the side plate (9);
a second air cylinder (15) is installed at the bottom of the supporting square pipe (14), a piston rod of the second air cylinder (15) is connected with a connecting strip (16), and the connecting strip (16) is fixedly connected with one of the mounting plates (171);
the blocking shell (35) is communicated to the inner wall of the chip storage box (36) through an air pipe, an exhaust fan (37) is installed at the top of the chip storage box (36), and an air suction opening of the exhaust fan (37) is communicated with the top of the chip storage box (36);
the first connecting plate (261) is slidably mounted at the top of the fixed frame (24), the third connecting plate (291) is slidably mounted on the second connecting plate (27), and the fourth connecting plate (311) is slidably mounted on one side of the third connecting plate (291);
rotating rods (8) are symmetrically and rotatably mounted on two sides of the two side plates (9), one ends, far away from the side plates (9), of the rotating rods (8) are rotatably connected with mounting strips (4), and the sliding blocks (6) are connected with piston rods of first air cylinders (10);
the working method of the copper product punching tool comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the copper square pipe is placed from one side of an upper outlet and a lower outlet of the pipe feeding frame, a first air cylinder piston rod drives a sliding block to slide on a waist-shaped hole, the sliding block drives a spring rod to rotate, the spring rod is matched with a rotating rod to drive two side plates to move, and further a conveying belt between the two side plates moves;
step two: the piston rod of the second air cylinder drives the connecting strips to move in the horizontal direction, the connecting strips drive one of the mounting plates to slide on the supporting square pipe, the mounting plates drive the moving strips to move horizontally, the moving strips contact with the rotating wheels to drive the rotating wheels to rotate, the rotating wheels drive the other moving strip to move horizontally, the two mounting plates slide in opposite directions on the supporting square pipe, and the mounting plates adjust the two-side clamping blocks through the limiting columns to clamp the two sides of the copper square pipe;
step three: the second motor output shaft drives the first lead screw to rotate through a belt, the first lead screw is matched with the nut to drive the first connecting plate to move in the X-axis direction at the top of the fixing frame, the first connecting plate drives the second connecting plate to move in the X-axis direction, a third motor output shaft on the second connecting plate drives the second lead screw to rotate through the belt, the second lead screw is matched with the nut to drive the third connecting plate to move in the Y-axis direction, a fourth motor output shaft on the third connecting plate drives the third lead screw to rotate through the belt, the third lead screw is matched with the nut to drive the fourth connecting plate to lift, the fourth connecting plate lifts through a lifting plate and driving shaft sleeve, the shaft sleeve drives the telescopic shaft to adjust the length, the fifth motor output shaft drives the telescopic shaft to rotate through belt transmission, the telescopic shaft perforates a copper square pipe through a punching head, the blocking shell blocks copper scraps generated in the perforating process, and simultaneously the exhaust fan.
2. The working method of the copper product punching tool according to claim 1, characterized by comprising the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: putting a copper square pipe into a pipe feeding frame (3) from one side of an upper inlet (12) and an outlet (12), driving a sliding block (6) to slide on a waist-shaped hole (5) by a piston rod of a first air cylinder (10), driving a spring rod (7) to rotate by the sliding block (6), driving two side plates (9) to move by the spring rod (7) in a manner of being matched with a rotating rod (8), driving a conveying belt (91) between the two side plates (9) to move, adjusting the intervals of the four conveying belts (91) according to the size of the copper square pipe, and driving the conveying belt (91) to rotate by a first motor (11) to drive the copper square pipe to be conveyed to a supporting plate (23;
step two: a piston rod of a second air cylinder (15) drives a connecting strip (16) to move in the horizontal direction, the connecting strip (16) drives one mounting plate (171) to slide on a supporting square pipe (14), the mounting plate (171) drives a moving strip (17) to move horizontally, the moving strip (17) is in contact with a rotating wheel (22) to drive the moving strip to rotate, the rotating wheel (22) drives the other moving strip (17) to move horizontally, the two mounting plates (171) slide in opposite directions on the supporting square pipe (14), and the mounting plate (171) adjusts clamping blocks (201) on two sides to clamp two sides of a copper square pipe through a limiting column (20);
step three: an output shaft of a second motor (25) drives a first screw rod (26) to rotate through a belt, the first screw rod (26) is matched with a nut to drive a first connecting plate (261) to move in the X-axis direction of the top of a fixed frame (24), the first connecting plate (261) drives a second connecting plate (27) to move in the X-axis direction, an output shaft of a third motor (28) on the second connecting plate (27) drives a second screw rod (29) to rotate through the belt, the second screw rod (29) is matched with the nut to drive a third connecting plate (291) to move in the Y-axis direction, an output shaft of a fourth motor (30) on the third connecting plate (291) drives a third screw rod (31) to rotate through the belt, the third screw rod (31) is matched with the nut to drive a fourth connecting plate (311) to lift, the fourth connecting plate (311) drives a shaft sleeve (331) to lift through a lifting plate (332), the shaft sleeve (331) drives a telescopic shaft (33) to adjust the length, and an output shaft, the telescopic shaft (33) is used for punching holes in the copper square pipe through the punching head (34), the blocking shell (35) blocks copper scraps generated in the punching process from splashing, and meanwhile, the exhaust fan (37) extracts the copper scraps blocked by the blocking shell (35) into the scrap storage box (36) through an air pipe.
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