CN110919566A - Angle-adjustable clamp for bearing of railway wagon - Google Patents

Angle-adjustable clamp for bearing of railway wagon Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110919566A
CN110919566A CN201911307082.3A CN201911307082A CN110919566A CN 110919566 A CN110919566 A CN 110919566A CN 201911307082 A CN201911307082 A CN 201911307082A CN 110919566 A CN110919566 A CN 110919566A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
bearing
rotating
angle
base
screw rod
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201911307082.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何中存
张虎
谢彩霞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yinchuan Special Bearing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Yinchuan Special Bearing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yinchuan Special Bearing Co Ltd filed Critical Yinchuan Special Bearing Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911307082.3A priority Critical patent/CN110919566A/en
Publication of CN110919566A publication Critical patent/CN110919566A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B11/00Work holders not covered by any preceding group in the subclass, e.g. magnetic work holders, vacuum work holders

Abstract

The invention discloses an angle-adjustable clamp for a bearing of a railway wagon, which relates to the field of bearing clamps and comprises a base, wherein a rotating bearing is installed on the inner wall of the base, the inner wall of the rotating bearing is connected with a rotating platform, two groups of mounting plates are fixed at the top end of the rotating platform, a servo motor is installed on one side of one group of mounting plates, a lead screw penetrating through one group of mounting plates and connected with the other group of mounting plates is arranged at the output end of the servo motor, and a limiting rod is fixed above the lead screw at the middle position of the two groups of mounting plates. According to the invention, through arranging the air cylinder and the rotating rod, when the angle of the bearing in the vertical direction is adjusted, the air cylinder drives the base to rotate through the hinge, and the base rotates by taking the top end of the rotating rod as a fulcrum, so that the whole driving device rotates upwards, the angle of the bearing in the vertical direction is adjusted, and the bearing adjusting device is suitable for processing of various different requirements and has high utilization rate.

Description

Angle-adjustable clamp for bearing of railway wagon
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of bearing clamps, in particular to an angle-adjustable clamp for a bearing of a railway wagon.
Background
In the process of machining and manufacturing the bearing, the bearing needs to be clamped by a clamp, so that the bearing is prevented from deviating in the process of machining and manufacturing.
However, the current clamps in the market can only adjust the angle of the bearing in a single direction, which results in low utilization rate of the device; and when the existing clamp is replaced according to the size of the bearing, the replacement steps are complicated, so that the working efficiency is reduced.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to: in order to solve the problems that the bearing can only be subjected to angle adjustment in a single direction, the adaptability of the device is low, the replacement steps are complicated when the device is replaced according to the size of the bearing, and the working efficiency is reduced, the angle-adjustable clamp for the bearing of the railway wagon is provided.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: an angle adjustable clamp for a rail wagon bearing comprises a base, wherein a rotary bearing is installed on the inner wall of the base, the inner wall of the rotary bearing is connected with a rotary table, two groups of mounting plates are fixed at the top end of the rotary table, a servo motor is installed on one side of one group of mounting plates, the output end of the servo motor is provided with a screw rod which penetrates through one group of mounting plates and is connected with the other group of mounting plates, a limiting rod is fixed above the screw rod at the middle position of the two groups of mounting plates, a movable plate is arranged outside the screw rod and the limiting rod, a clamping groove is formed in the movable plate, a connecting column is arranged inside the movable plate, a clamping plate is fixed inside the connecting column, a fixing seat is arranged below the base, the top end of the fixing seat is rotatably connected with an air cylinder, and one side, the rotary electric machine is installed to the top of fixing base, the outside of spliced pole is fixed with the sleeve, the fixture block has been cup jointed to telescopic inner wall, and telescopic inside is located the inboard of fixture block and is provided with the spring, the inboard of spring is provided with the backup pad, the inside of backup pad is provided with the ring channel, the inner wall of spliced pole is provided with the spread groove, the inboard of spread groove is provided with the lift ring, the outside of lift ring is provided with runs through spread groove, ring channel and the stay cord that links to each other with the fixture block.
Preferably, cylinder, dwang and fixing base are connected through articulated seat rotation, and cylinder, dwang and base are connected through articulated seat rotation.
Preferably, the lifting ring is provided with a finger hole inside, and the pulling rope penetrates through the lifting ring and extends to the inner wall of the finger hole.
Preferably, the outer wall of the fixture block is matched with the inner wall of the sleeve, and the fixture block is connected with the sleeve through a spring.
Preferably, the inner walls of the clamping grooves are matched with the outer walls of the connecting columns, the sleeves and the clamping blocks, the number of the movable plates is two, and the two groups of movable plates are symmetrically arranged along the vertical central axis of the screw rod.
Preferably, two sets of opposite external threads are arranged on the screw rod (6), internal threads are arranged at the position where the moving plate is contacted with the screw rod, and one end of the screw rod is rotatably connected with the mounting plate through a connecting bearing.
Preferably, the servo motor is connected with the screw rod through a rotating shaft in a rotating mode, the rotating motor is connected with the rotating platform through a rotating shaft in a rotating mode, and the rotating motor is connected with the base through a fixing frame.
Preferably, servo motor's bottom is provided with the mounting panel, the bottom mounting of mounting panel has the battery, battery and servo motor, rotating electrical machines electric connection.
Preferably, one side of the clamping block, which is far away from the connecting column, is of an arc-shaped structure, and the connecting groove penetrates through the inner wall of the sleeve.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the invention, by arranging the air cylinder and the rotating rod, when the angle of the bearing in the vertical direction is adjusted, the air cylinder drives the base to rotate through the hinge, and the base rotates by taking the top end of the rotating rod as a fulcrum, so that the whole driving device rotates upwards, the angle of the bearing in the vertical direction is adjusted, the device is suitable for processing of various different requirements, and the application rate is high;
2. according to the invention, by arranging the sleeve, the pull block, the pull rope and the lifting ring, when bearings with different sizes are fixed, a finger is inserted into the finger hole, the lifting ring is pulled through the finger hole, the lifting ring drives the clamping block to shrink towards the inner wall of the sleeve through the pull rope until the clamping block is completely retracted into the sleeve, the connecting column and the clamping groove can be separated, the clamping plate suitable for a new bearing is replaced, and when the clamping block contacts with the clamping groove, the clamping block is forced to shrink towards the inside of the sleeve, so that the quick installation can be realized.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view illustrating the mounting of the fixture block according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the sleeve of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the moving plate of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a base; 2. a rotating bearing; 3. a rotating table; 4. mounting a plate; 5. a servo motor; 6. a screw rod; 7. a limiting rod; 8. moving the plate; 9. connecting columns; 10. a splint; 11. a fixed seat; 12. a cylinder; 13. a rotating electric machine; 14. rotating the rod; 15. a sleeve; 16. a clamping block; 17. lifting the ring; 18. a finger hole; 19. connecting grooves; 20. pulling a rope; 21. a spring; 22. a support plate; 23. an annular groove; 24. a clamping groove.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The cylinder (SC series), the servo motor (MSMD 0221U) and the rotary motor (9 YYJJ) mentioned in the present invention are available in the market or by private order.
Referring to fig. 1-4, an angle adjustable fixture for a bearing of a railway wagon comprises a base 1, a rotary bearing 2 is installed on the inner wall of the base 1, a rotary table 3 is connected to the inner wall of the rotary bearing 2, two sets of mounting plates 4 are fixed to the top end of the rotary table 3, a servo motor 5 is installed on one side of one set of mounting plates 4, a lead screw 6 penetrating through one set of mounting plates 4 and connected to the other set of mounting plates 4 is arranged at the output end of the servo motor 5, a limiting rod 7 is fixed above the lead screw 6 at the middle position of the two sets of mounting plates 4, a movable plate 8 is arranged outside the lead screw 6 and the limiting rod 7, a clamping groove 24 is arranged inside the movable plate 8, a connecting post 9 is arranged inside the movable plate 8, a clamping plate 10 is fixed inside the connecting post 9, a fixed seat 11 is arranged below, and one side that the top of fixing base 11 is located cylinder 12 rotates and is connected with dwang 14, rotating electrical machines 13 is installed to the top of fixing base 11, the outside of spliced pole 9 is fixed with sleeve 15, fixture block 16 has been cup jointed to the inner wall of sleeve 15, and the inside that the inside of sleeve 15 is located fixture block 16 is provided with spring 21, the inboard of spring 21 is provided with backup pad 22, the inside of backup pad 22 is provided with ring channel 23, the inner wall of spliced pole 9 is provided with spread groove 19, the inboard of spread groove 19 is provided with carries pull ring 17, the outside of carrying pull ring 17 is provided with runs through spread groove 19, ring channel 23 and stay cord 20 that links.
Please refer to fig. 1, the cylinder 12 and the rotating rod 14 are rotatably connected to the fixing base 11 through a hinge base, so that the cylinder 12 and the rotating rod 14 can rotate above the fixing base 11, and the cylinder 12 and the rotating rod 14 are rotatably connected to the base 1 through the hinge base, so that the cylinder 12 and the rotating rod 14 can rotate below the base 1.
Referring again to fig. 2, the inside of the lifting ring 17 is provided with finger holes 18, and the pulling rope 20 penetrates the lifting ring 17 and extends to the inner wall of the finger holes 18, so that the lifting ring 17 is pulled through the finger holes 18 and the pulling rope 20 is moved.
Please refer to fig. 3, the outer wall of the latch 16 is engaged with the inner wall of the sleeve 15, so that the latch 16 is conveniently latched to the inner wall of the sleeve 15, and the latch 16 is connected to the sleeve 15 through the spring 21, so that the spring 21 applies the elastic force to the latch 16.
Please refer to fig. 2 and 4, the inner wall of the slot 24 fits the outer walls of the connecting post 9, the sleeve 15 and the clamping block 16, so that the inner wall of the slot 24 is conveniently connected with the outer walls of the connecting post 9, the sleeve 15 and the clamping block 16, the number of the two sets of moving plates 8 is two, and the two sets of moving plates 8 are symmetrically arranged along the vertical central axis of the screw rod 6, so that the moving plates 8 drive the clamping plate 10 to move.
Please refer to fig. 1, two sets of opposite external threads are disposed on the screw rod 6, and an internal thread is disposed at a position where the moving plate 8 contacts with the screw rod 6, so that when the screw rod 6 rotates, the moving plate 8 moves along the outer side of the screw rod under the action of the internal thread of the moving plate, and one end of the screw rod 6 is rotatably connected with the mounting plate 4 through a connecting bearing, so as to reduce the friction between the screw rod 6 and the mounting plate 4.
Please refer to fig. 1, the servo motor 5 is rotatably connected to the screw rod 6 through a rotating shaft, so that the servo motor 5 drives the screw rod 6 to rotate, the rotating motor 13 is rotatably connected to the rotating table 3 through the rotating shaft, so that the rotating motor 13 drives the rotating table 3 to rotate, and the rotating motor 13 is connected to the base 1 through a fixing frame, so as to prevent the rotating motor 13 from shaking during operation.
Please refer to fig. 1, the bottom end of the servo motor 5 is provided with a mounting plate for supporting the servo motor 5, the bottom end of the mounting plate is fixed with a storage battery, and the storage battery is electrically connected with the servo motor 5 and the rotating motor 13 for providing electric energy for the servo motor 5 and the rotating motor 13.
Please refer to fig. 2 and fig. 3, the side of the latch 16 away from the connection post 9 is an arc structure, so that the latch 16 can move toward the inner wall of the sleeve 15 after being stressed, the connection groove 19 penetrates the inner wall of the sleeve 15, and the pull rope 20 can be connected with the latch 16 through the connection groove 19.
The working principle is as follows: firstly, when the device is used, the device is connected with an external power supply, the power supply can provide electric energy for a storage battery through a lead wire, when a clamping plate 10 is used for clamping a bearing, a PLC controller is used for controlling a servo motor 5 to operate, the servo motor 5 drives a screw rod 6 to rotate through a rotating shaft, at the moment, a movable plate 8 moves oppositely under the action of internal threads of the movable plate 8 until the movable plate 8 drives the clamping plate 10 to clamp the bearing through a connecting post 9, then when the horizontal angle of the bearing is controlled, the rotating motor 13 is controlled to operate, the rotating table 3 is driven to rotate through the rotating shaft, the rotating table 3 can drive an installation plate 4 to rotate, the installation plate 4 can drive the movable plate 8 to rotate through the screw rod 6 and a limiting rod 7, and the movable plate 8 can drive the angle of the bearing to rotate through the connecting post 9; then, when the vertical angle of the bearing needs to be adjusted, the PLC controller controls the operation of the air cylinder 12, when the air cylinder 12 is extended, the base 1 rotates under the action of the hinged base by taking the top end of the rotating rod 14 as a fulcrum, and the angle of the bearing on a vertical horizontal line can be adjusted; finally, when fixing the bearings of different sizes, inserting fingers into the finger holes 18, pulling the lifting ring 17 through the finger holes 18, wherein the lifting ring 17 drives the fixture block 16 to shrink towards the inner wall of the sleeve 15 through the pulling rope 20 until the fixture block 16 completely retracts into the sleeve 15, separating the connecting column 9 from the clamping groove 24, replacing the clamping plate 10 suitable for a new bearing, and when the fixture block 16 contacts with the clamping groove 24, the fixture block 16 is stressed to shrink towards the inside of the sleeve 15, so that the bearing can be quickly installed.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a anchor clamps with adjustable angle for rail wagon bearing, includes base (1), its characterized in that: the inner wall of the base (1) is provided with a rotating bearing (2), the inner wall of the rotating bearing (2) is connected with a rotating table (3), the top end of the rotating table (3) is fixed with two sets of mounting plates (4), one side of the mounting plates (4) is provided with a servo motor (5), the output end of the servo motor (5) is provided with a screw rod (6) which runs through to one set of mounting plates (4) and is connected with the other set of mounting plates (4), the middle positions of the two sets of mounting plates (4) are positioned above the screw rod (6) and are fixed with a limiting rod (7), the outer sides of the screw rod (6) and the limiting rod (7) are provided with a movable plate (8), the inside of the movable plate (8) is provided with a clamping groove (24), the inner side of the movable plate (8) is provided with a connecting column (9), and, the below of base (1) is provided with fixing base (11), the top of fixing base (11) is rotated and is connected with cylinder (12), and one side that the top of fixing base (11) is located cylinder (12) is rotated and is connected with dwang (14), rotating electrical machines (13) are installed to the top of fixing base (11), the outside of spliced pole (9) is fixed with sleeve (15), fixture block (16) have been cup jointed to the inner wall of sleeve (15), and the inside that the inside of sleeve (15) is located fixture block (16) is provided with spring (21), the inboard of spring (21) is provided with backup pad (22), the inside of backup pad (22) is provided with ring channel (23), the inner wall of spliced pole (9) is provided with spread groove (19), the inboard of spread groove (19) is provided with carries pull ring (17), the outside of carrying pull ring (17) is provided with runs through spread groove (19, A pull rope (20) which is arranged in the annular groove (23) and is connected with the fixture block (16).
2. The angle-adjustable clamp for the bearing of the railway wagon as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the air cylinder (12), the rotating rod (14) and the fixing seat (11) are rotatably connected through a hinge seat, and the air cylinder (12), the rotating rod (14) and the base (1) are rotatably connected through the hinge seat.
3. The angle-adjustable clamp for the bearing of the railway wagon as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the inside of the lifting ring (17) is provided with a finger hole (18), and the pulling rope (20) penetrates through the lifting ring (17) and extends to the inner wall of the finger hole (18).
4. The angle-adjustable clamp for the bearing of the railway wagon as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the outer wall of the clamping block (16) is matched with the inner wall of the sleeve (15), and the clamping block (16) is connected with the sleeve (15) through a spring (21).
5. The angle-adjustable clamp for the bearing of the railway wagon as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the inner walls of the clamping grooves (24) are matched with the outer walls of the connecting columns (9), the sleeves (15) and the clamping blocks (16), the number of the movable plates (8) is two, and the two groups of movable plates (8) are symmetrically arranged along the vertical central axis of the screw rod (6).
6. The angle-adjustable clamp for the bearing of the railway wagon as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the movable plate is characterized in that two sets of opposite external threads are arranged on the screw rod (6), internal threads are arranged at the position where the movable plate (8) is in contact with the screw rod (6), and one end of the screw rod (6) is rotatably connected with the mounting plate (4) through a connecting bearing.
7. The angle-adjustable clamp for the bearing of the railway wagon as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the servo motor (5) is rotatably connected with the screw rod (6) through a rotating shaft, the rotating motor (13) is rotatably connected with the rotating platform (3) through the rotating shaft, and the rotating motor (13) is connected with the base (1) through a fixing frame.
8. The angle-adjustable clamp for the bearing of the railway wagon as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the bottom of servo motor (5) is provided with the mounting panel, the bottom mounting of mounting panel has the battery, battery and servo motor (5), rotating electrical machines (13) electric connection.
9. The angle-adjustable clamp for the bearing of the railway wagon as claimed in claim 1, wherein: one side of the clamping block (16) far away from the connecting column (9) is of an arc-shaped structure, and the connecting groove (19) penetrates through the inner wall of the sleeve (15).
CN201911307082.3A 2019-12-18 2019-12-18 Angle-adjustable clamp for bearing of railway wagon Withdrawn CN110919566A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911307082.3A CN110919566A (en) 2019-12-18 2019-12-18 Angle-adjustable clamp for bearing of railway wagon

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911307082.3A CN110919566A (en) 2019-12-18 2019-12-18 Angle-adjustable clamp for bearing of railway wagon

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110919566A true CN110919566A (en) 2020-03-27

Family

ID=69864217

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911307082.3A Withdrawn CN110919566A (en) 2019-12-18 2019-12-18 Angle-adjustable clamp for bearing of railway wagon

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110919566A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112276808A (en) * 2020-09-18 2021-01-29 余华云 Aircraft wing processing maintenance positioner

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112276808A (en) * 2020-09-18 2021-01-29 余华云 Aircraft wing processing maintenance positioner

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Application publication date: 20200327