CN110844712A - Shore power cable management device - Google Patents

Shore power cable management device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110844712A
CN110844712A CN201911026029.6A CN201911026029A CN110844712A CN 110844712 A CN110844712 A CN 110844712A CN 201911026029 A CN201911026029 A CN 201911026029A CN 110844712 A CN110844712 A CN 110844712A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
roller
driving
paying
winding drum
assisting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911026029.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘辉勇
甘江华
季建维
侯泽芳
张超锋
万煜新
王政
常延杰
孙国厂
贾红杰
宋东阳
蔺深伟
杨亚培
刘斌
邢红伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xuji Group Co Ltd
XJ Electric Co Ltd
Xuji Power Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Xuji Group Co Ltd
XJ Electric Co Ltd
Xuji Power Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xuji Group Co Ltd, XJ Electric Co Ltd, Xuji Power Co Ltd filed Critical Xuji Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911026029.6A priority Critical patent/CN110844712A/en
Publication of CN110844712A publication Critical patent/CN110844712A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H75/00Storing webs, tapes, or filamentary material, e.g. on reels
    • B65H75/02Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans
    • B65H75/34Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables
    • B65H75/38Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables involving the use of a core or former internal to, and supporting, a stored package of material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H75/00Storing webs, tapes, or filamentary material, e.g. on reels
    • B65H75/02Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans
    • B65H75/34Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables
    • B65H75/38Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables involving the use of a core or former internal to, and supporting, a stored package of material
    • B65H75/44Constructional details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H75/00Storing webs, tapes, or filamentary material, e.g. on reels
    • B65H75/02Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans
    • B65H75/34Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables
    • B65H75/38Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables involving the use of a core or former internal to, and supporting, a stored package of material
    • B65H75/44Constructional details
    • B65H75/4402Guiding arrangements to control paying-out and re-storing of the material
    • B65H75/4405Traversing devices; means for orderly arranging the material on the drum
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H75/00Storing webs, tapes, or filamentary material, e.g. on reels
    • B65H75/02Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans
    • B65H75/34Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables
    • B65H75/38Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables involving the use of a core or former internal to, and supporting, a stored package of material
    • B65H75/44Constructional details
    • B65H75/4481Arrangements or adaptations for driving the reel or the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H75/00Storing webs, tapes, or filamentary material, e.g. on reels
    • B65H75/02Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans
    • B65H75/34Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables
    • B65H75/38Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables involving the use of a core or former internal to, and supporting, a stored package of material
    • B65H75/44Constructional details
    • B65H75/4481Arrangements or adaptations for driving the reel or the material
    • B65H75/4486Electric motors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2701/00Handled material; Storage means
    • B65H2701/30Handled filamentary material
    • B65H2701/34Handled filamentary material electric cords or electric power cables

Abstract

The invention relates to a shore power cable management device. The device comprises a mounting frame, a winding drum, a driving motor and a paying-off power-assisted mechanism, wherein the winding drum is rotatably assembled on the mounting frame, and the driving motor is used for driving the winding drum to rotate; the paying-off assisting mechanism comprises a driving roller body and a driven roller body, the driving roller body and the driven roller body are arranged in parallel at intervals, and a clamping space for clamping a cable is formed between the driving roller body and the driven roller body; the driving roller body is in transmission connection with the winding drum, a clutch is arranged on a transmission path of the driving roller body and the winding drum, and the clutch is disconnected when the winding drum receives wires and is combined when the winding drum releases wires; during paying off, the cable passes through the clamping space between the driving roller body and the driven roller body and is clamped by the driving roller body and the driven roller body to be paid off, and the speed of clamping and paying off the cable by the driving roller body and the driven roller body is greater than the paying off speed of the reel, so that the cable between the reel and the paying off assisting mechanism is kept tensioned. The device is used for solving the problem that potential safety hazards exist when an existing shore power cable management system is used.

Description

Shore power cable management device
Technical Field
The invention relates to a shore power cable management device.
Background
When a ship is in shore, shore power equipment is needed to supply power to each electric equipment of the ship, the ship and the shore power equipment are connected through cables, and the cables are generally stored and released through a shore power management device.
The shore power cable intelligent management system disclosed in the invention patent application document with the application publication number of CN109179089A is used for winding and unwinding and storing cables, and comprises a frame body and two winding units arranged in the frame body, wherein each winding unit comprises a roller for winding the cables, a motor for driving the roller to rotate and a wire arranging device for arranging the cables; when the wire is wound, the motor drives the roller to rotate, the cable is pulled to be wound on the roller, and meanwhile, the wire arrangement device realizes that the cable is regularly wound on the roller; when paying off, the motor drives the roller to rotate reversely, and the cable is loosened from the roller.
Above-mentioned bank electricity cable intelligent management system when the unwrapping wire, appears very easily because of the workman drags the cable speed forward and leads to the too much condition of cylinder unwrapping wire, at this moment the cable is loose arrange in the frame in to along with the rotation of cylinder and with the internal various structures friction each other of frame, long time, the exposed condition of electric core appears because of wearing and tearing are excessive very easily in the cable, and then lead to the phenomenon of electric leakage when using, has great potential safety hazard.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a shore power cable management device which is used for solving the problem that potential safety hazards exist in the shore power cable intelligent management system in the prior art when the shore power cable intelligent management system is used.
The shore power cable management device provided by the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
this shore power cable management device includes:
a mounting frame;
the winding drum is rotatably assembled on the mounting frame;
the driving motor is used for driving the winding drum to rotate;
the paying-off assisting mechanism comprises a driving roller body and a driven roller body, the driving roller body and the driven roller body are arranged in parallel at intervals, and a clamping space for clamping a cable is formed between the driving roller body and the driven roller body;
the driving roller body is in transmission connection with the winding drum, a clutch is arranged on a transmission path of the driving roller body and the winding drum, and the clutch is disconnected when the winding drum receives wires and is combined when the winding drum releases wires;
during paying off, the cable passes through the clamping space between the driving roller body and the driven roller body and is clamped by the driving roller body and the driven roller body to be paid off, and the speed of clamping and paying off the cable by the driving roller body and the driven roller body is greater than the paying off speed of the reel, so that the cable between the reel and the paying off assisting mechanism is kept tensioned.
The shore power cable management device provided by the invention has the beneficial effects that: the shore power cable management device is provided with a paying-off power-assisted mechanism, a driving roller body in the paying-off power-assisted mechanism is in transmission connection with a winding drum, a clutch is arranged in a transmission path between the driving roller body and the winding drum, when the winding drum pays off wires, the clutch is combined, the winding drum drives the driving roller body to rotate, the cables pass through a clamping space between the driving roller body and a driven roller body and are clamped by the driving roller body and the driven roller body to pay off the wires, the transmission ratio between the winding drum and the driving roller body is reasonably set, the speed of clamping and paying-off the driving roller body and the driven roller body is higher than the speed of paying off the winding drum, the cables between the paying-off power-assisted mechanism and the winding drum can be always tensioned, and therefore the problem that the cables are loosely arranged in a mounting frame to cause friction; when the reel receives the wire, the clutch is disconnected, the transmission of the reel and the driving roller body is interrupted, the driving roller body and the driven roller body only rotate under the friction action of the wire, the wire receiving speed of the reel is higher than the clamping wire receiving speed of the driving roller body and the driven roller body, and the tensioning of the wire between the wire releasing assisting mechanism and the reel can still be guaranteed.
Further, the winding drum is in transmission connection with the driving roller body through a chain, a chain wheel matched with the chain is arranged on the driving roller body, and the clutch is arranged between the chain wheel and the driving roller body; or the winding drum is in transmission connection with the driving roller body through a transmission belt, the driving roller body is provided with a belt wheel matched with the transmission belt, and the clutch is arranged between the belt wheel and the driving roller body. This construction is relatively simple.
The driving roller body is a roller sleeve, a central shaft for sleeving the roller sleeve is further arranged in the paying-off power-assisted mechanism, the winding drum is in transmission connection with the central shaft, and the clutch is arranged between the roller sleeve and the central shaft. This construction is relatively simple.
The driving roller body is a roller sleeve, a central shaft for sleeving the roller sleeve is further arranged in the paying-off power assisting mechanism, the roller sleeve is fixed with the central shaft after being sleeved on the central shaft, the winding drum is connected with the central shaft through chain transmission, a chain wheel matched with the chain is arranged on the central shaft, the clutch is arranged between the chain wheel and the central shaft, or the winding drum is connected with the central shaft through transmission of a transmission belt, a belt wheel matched with the transmission belt is arranged on the central shaft, and the clutch is arranged between the belt wheel and the central shaft. This construction is relatively simple.
Further, unwrapping wire assist drive device still includes unwrapping wire assist roller, still is equipped with among the shore connection cable management device and is used for driving unwrapping wire assist roller pivoted actuating mechanism, and during the use, the cable walks around the unwrapping wire assist roller and compresses tightly behind the unwrapping wire assist roller and stretches into in the centre gripping space between initiative roll body and the driven roll body. Because the cable compresses tightly on the unwrapping wire helping hand roller, so when unwrapping wire helping hand roller and initiative roll body turn to the same, the unwrapping wire helping hand roller can provide the frictional force of cable orientation unwrapping wire direction, and then can improve the power that whole unwrapping wire helping hand mechanism dragged the cable, in addition, can also reduce the frictional force that unwrapping wire helping hand mechanism acted on in the same position department of cable at the same moment, reduce the damage to the cable.
Furthermore, the paying-off assisting roller is arranged in a transmission path between the winding drum and the driving roller body and is in transmission connection with the winding drum and the driving roller body respectively, the winding drum is in transmission connection with the driving roller body through the paying-off assisting roller, and a driving motor for driving the winding drum to rotate forms a driving mechanism. By the arrangement, a special driving mechanism for driving the paying-off power assisting roller is not required to be arranged, and the structural complexity of the whole shore power cable management device is reduced.
Furthermore, bank electricity cable management device still includes automatic winding displacement mechanism, automatic winding displacement mechanism include the lead screw and with lead screw transmission complex slider structure, still include to the slider structure lead and with the parallel guide rail of lead screw, the structural threading box that supplies the cable to pass that is equipped with of slider, the lead screw is located in the reel and the transmission route of unwrapping wire helping hand roller, and is connected with reel and unwrapping wire helping hand roller transmission respectively, the reel passes through the lead screw and is connected with the transmission of unwrapping wire helping hand roller. The automatic wire arranging mechanism can realize regular arrangement of cables on the winding drum, the lead screw is in transmission connection with the winding drum and the paying-off power-assisted roller respectively, a driving mechanism specially used for driving the lead screw does not need to be arranged, and the structural complexity of the whole shore power cable management device is reduced.
Furthermore, the paying-off assisting roller, the driving roller body and the driven roller body are arranged in a coplanar manner. Due to the arrangement, the size of the paying-off power-assisted mechanism is reduced, the occupied space of the paying-off power-assisted mechanism is reduced, and the structural compactness of the shore power cable management device is improved.
Furthermore, the paying-off assisting roller, the driving roller body and the driven roller body are arranged at the same height. Due to the arrangement, the size of the paying-off power-assisted mechanism is reduced, the occupied space of the paying-off power-assisted mechanism is reduced, and the structural compactness of the shore power cable management device is improved.
Further, the clutch is a one-way clutch. The one-way clutch can be combined when the winding drum is used for paying off and disconnected when the winding drum is used for taking up without arranging a special control mechanism, and is very convenient.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment 1 of a shore power cable management apparatus provided by the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram (hidden housing) of an embodiment 1 of the shore power cable management apparatus provided by the present invention;
fig. 3 is a partial structural schematic diagram of an embodiment 1 of the shore power cable management device provided by the invention;
FIG. 4 is a top view of the structure of FIG. 3;
fig. 5 is a front view of the structure of fig. 3.
In the figure: 1-shell, 2-mounting rack, 3-reel, 4-driving motor, 5-intermediate transmission mechanism, 6-automatic wire arranging mechanism, 7-paying off power-assisted mechanism, 31-first reel chain wheel, 32-second reel chain wheel, 51-base, 52-first intermediate transmission chain wheel, 53-second intermediate transmission chain wheel, 61-fixed seat, 62-lead screw, 63-slide block, 64-guide rail, 65-threading box, 66-first lead screw chain wheel, 67-second lead screw chain wheel, 71-mounting seat, 72-paying off power-assisted roller sleeve, 73-driving roller sleeve, 74-driven roller sleeve, 75-power-assisted chain wheel, 76-power-assisted chain and 77-guide shaft.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating the preferred embodiment of the invention, are intended for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention. The components of embodiments of the present invention generally described and illustrated in the figures herein may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations.
Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the figures, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments of the present invention without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It is noted that relational terms such as "first" and "second," and the like, may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus. Without further limitation, an element defined by the phrase "comprising an … …" does not exclude the presence of other identical elements in a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises the element.
The features and properties of the present invention are described in further detail below with reference to examples.
Embodiment 1 of the shore power cable management apparatus provided by the present invention:
as shown in fig. 1 and 2, the shore power cable management device comprises a shell 1, a mounting rack 2 and two sets of take-up and pay-off systems, wherein the mounting rack 2 and the two sets of take-up and pay-off systems are arranged in the shell 1, and the mounting rack 2 is used as a mounting base for the two sets of take-up and pay-off systems; the two sets of take-up and pay-off systems respectively comprise a winding drum 3, a driving motor 4, an intermediate transmission mechanism 5, an automatic wire arranging mechanism 6 and a pay-off assisting mechanism 7.
As shown in fig. 1-5, the winding drum 3 is rotatably mounted on the mounting frame 2, the driving motor 4 is fixedly mounted on the mounting frame 2, the winding drum 2 is mounted with a first winding drum sprocket 31, the first winding drum sprocket 31 is collinear with the rotation axis of the winding drum 3, and the driving motor 4 drives the winding drum 3 to rotate through the first winding drum sprocket 31 and a related chain (not shown in the figure); a second drum sprocket 32 is also mounted on the drum 3, the second drum sprocket 32 also being co-linear with the axis of rotation of the drum 3.
As shown in fig. 1-5, the automatic wire arranging mechanism 6 is fixedly mounted on the mounting frame 2, and includes a fixing base 61 fixed to the mounting frame 2, a lead screw 62 is rotatably mounted on the fixing base 61, an axis of the lead screw 62 is parallel to a rotation axis of the winding drum 3, a slider 63 is sleeved on the lead screw 62, an internal thread adapted to an external thread on the lead screw 62 is arranged in the slider 63, a guide rail 64 is further mounted on the fixing base 61, the guide rail 64 is arranged parallel to the lead screw 62, two rollers are arranged on a side surface of the slider 63 facing the guide rail 64, axes of the two rollers horizontally extend, the two rollers are arranged at intervals in the up-down direction, and the interval between the two rollers is the same as the size of the guide rail 64 in the up-down direction, and; when the lead screw 62 rotates, the sliding block 63 moves along the axial direction of the lead screw 62 under the limit of the guide rail 64; a threading box 65 is fixedly arranged on the sliding block 63, and the threading box 65 is used for a cable to pass through; a first lead screw sprocket 66 is also provided at the end of the lead screw 62.
As shown in fig. 1-5, the intermediate transmission mechanism 5 is mounted on the mounting frame 2, and includes a base 51, the base 51 is fixed to the mounting frame 2, a rotation shaft is rotatably mounted on the base 51, an axis of the rotation shaft is parallel to an axis of rotation of the winding drum 3, the rotation shaft passes through the base 51 and is exposed at two sides of the base 51, a first intermediate transmission sprocket 52 and a second intermediate transmission sprocket 53 are respectively mounted on the rotation shafts exposed at two sides of the base 51, and the second intermediate transmission sprocket 53 is close to an outer side of the mounting frame 2.
As shown in fig. 3-5, the second drum sprocket 32 corresponds to the first intermediate drive sprocket 52 and is connected thereto by an associated chain (not shown); the second intermediate transmission chain wheel 53 corresponds to the first lead screw chain wheel 66 and is connected with the same through a related chain (not shown in the figure); when the driving motor 4 drives the winding drum 3 to rotate, the winding drum 3 drives the rotating shaft in the intermediate transmission mechanism 5 to rotate through the chain, and the rotating shaft in the intermediate transmission mechanism 5 drives the lead screw 62 to rotate through the chain, so that the action of the automatic wire arranging mechanism 6 is realized; when the winding drum 3 is used for winding, in the rotating process of the lead screw 62, the sliding block 63 drives the threading box 65 to move along the axial direction of the lead screw 62, so that the cable is regularly wound on the winding drum 3.
As shown in fig. 1-5, the paying-off assisting mechanism 7 comprises a mounting seat 71, the mounting seat 71 is fixedly mounted on the mounting frame 2, three central shafts are rotatably mounted on the mounting seat 71, namely a paying-off assisting central shaft close to the reel 3, a driven central shaft far away from the reel 3 and a driving central shaft located between the paying-off assisting central shaft and the driven central shaft, the paying-off assisting central shaft, the driving central shaft and the driven central shaft are arranged in parallel, and the three are coplanar and equal in height; the lead screw 62 is in transmission connection with the pay-off power-assisted central shaft, a second lead screw chain wheel 67 and a power-assisted chain wheel 75 are correspondingly arranged on the lead screw 62 and the pay-off power-assisted central shaft, and the pay-off power-assisted central shaft is driven to rotate by a related chain (not shown in the figure) when the lead screw 62 rotates; the paying-off power-assisted central shaft is in transmission connection with the driving central shaft, a power-assisted chain 76 is connected between the paying-off power-assisted central shaft and the driving central shaft, chain wheels matched with the power-assisted chain 76 are correspondingly arranged on the paying-off power-assisted central shaft and the driving central shaft respectively, and the driving central shaft is driven to rotate through the chain 76 when the paying-off power-assisted central shaft rotates.
A paying-off assisting roller sleeve 72 is sleeved on the assisting paying-off central shaft, a driving roller sleeve 73 is sleeved on the driving central shaft, a driven roller sleeve 74 is sleeved on the driven central shaft, and after the driving roller sleeve 73 and the driven roller sleeve 74 are installed, a space between the driving roller sleeve 73 and the driven roller sleeve 74 enables the driving roller sleeve 73 and the driven roller sleeve 74 to clamp a cable; the paying-off assisting roller sleeve 72 is fixed with a paying-off assisting central shaft, the driven roller sleeve 74 is fixed with a driven central shaft, a one-way clutch (not shown in the figure) is arranged between the driving roller sleeve 73 and the driving central shaft, and the one-way clutch is combined when the winding drum 3 is paying off and disconnected when the winding drum 3 is taking up; the driving roller sleeve 73 forms a driving roller body, the driven roller sleeve 74 forms a driven roller body, and the paying-off assisting roller sleeve 72 forms a paying-off assisting roller; since the pay-off assist center axis, the driving center axis, and the driven center axis are parallel, coplanar, and equal in height, the pay-off assist roller housing 72, the driving roller housing 73, and the driven roller housing 74 are parallel, coplanar, and equal in height.
As shown in fig. 1, 2, 3 and 5, the threading box 65 of the automatic wire arranging mechanism 6 is located above the wire releasing assisting roller sleeve 72 of the wire releasing assisting mechanism 7, when the reel 3 receives and releases the wire, the wire penetrates out of the threading box 65, extends into the lower side of the wire releasing assisting roller sleeve 72, gradually extends to the lower sides of the driving roller sleeve 73 and the driven roller sleeve 74, then extends upwards from the space between the driving roller sleeve 73 and the driven roller sleeve 73, and the driven roller sleeve 74 rotates along with the friction of the wire in the process that the wire moves upwards from the space between the driving roller sleeve 73 and the driven roller sleeve 74.
During paying off, the driving roller sleeve 73 is combined with a one-way clutch between the driving central shaft, the driving motor 4 drives the winding drum 3 to rotate, the winding drum 3 drives the rotating shaft in the intermediate transmission mechanism 5 to rotate, the rotating shaft in the intermediate transmission mechanism 5 drives the lead screw 62 to rotate, the lead screw 62 drives the paying off power-assisted central shaft to rotate, the paying off power-assisted central shaft drives the driving central shaft to rotate, the driving central shaft drives the driving roller sleeve 73 to rotate, and the cable can be clamped by the driving roller sleeve 73 and the driven roller sleeve 74 due to a space between the driving roller sleeve 73 and the driven roller sleeve 74, so that the cable can be clamped by the driving roller sleeve 73 and the driven roller sleeve 74 to be dragged upwards in the rotating process of the driving roller sleeve 73; the step transmission ratios between the winding drum 3 and the driving central shaft are reasonably set, so that the paying-off speed of the paying-off assisting mechanism 7 is greater than that of the winding drum 3, and the cable tension between the winding drum 3 and the paying-off assisting mechanism 7 is ensured; when the cable is under tension, the paying-off assisting roller sleeve 72 is pressed, and the rotation of the paying-off assisting roller sleeve 72 is equivalent to providing a forward driving force to the cable, so that the cable is dragged together with the driving roller sleeve 73 and the driven roller sleeve 74.
When the wire is wound, the one-way clutch between the driving roller sleeve 73 and the driving central shaft is disconnected, no transmission relation exists between the driving central shaft and the driving roller sleeve 73, the driving motor 4 drives the winding drum 3 to rotate reversely, the wire is wound on the winding drum 3 gradually, the driving roller sleeve 73 and the driven roller sleeve 74 are driven by the friction force of the wire to rotate in the wire winding process, the driving central shaft is driven by transmission chains at all stages to rotate, and the rotation between the driving central shaft and the driving roller body 73 is not related to each other.
In order to prevent the cable from being cut by the edge of the mounting seat 71 in the pay-off assisting mechanism 7 in the winding and unwinding process, a guide shaft 77 is respectively mounted on the mounting seats 71 at two ends of the pay-off assisting mechanism 7, the guide shafts 77 are in running fit with the mounting seats 71, the axis of each guide shaft 77 extends in the vertical direction, and the cable extends upwards from the space between the driving roller sleeve 73 and the driven roller sleeve 74 and then extends outwards from the space between the two guide shafts 77.
Embodiment 2 of the shore power cable management apparatus provided by the present invention:
the difference from example 1 is that: the driving roller sleeve in the embodiment 2 is fixed with the driving central shaft, and a one-way clutch is not arranged between the driving roller sleeve and the driving central shaft, but the one-way clutch is arranged between the chain wheel matched with the power-assisted chain on the driving central shaft and the driving central shaft, the one-way clutch is combined when the winding drum is wound off, and the winding drum is disconnected when the winding drum is wound off, so that the situation that a cable between the unwinding power-assisted mechanism and the winding drum is in a tensioning state when the winding drum is wound off can be also achieved.
Embodiment 3 of the shore power cable management apparatus provided by the present invention:
the difference from example 1 is that: in embodiment 3, a driving central shaft is not provided, a driving roller sleeve is replaced by a solid driving solid roller, a sprocket matched with a power-assisted chain is arranged on the driving solid roller, a paying-off power-assisted central shaft drives the driving solid roller to rotate through the power-assisted chain, a one-way clutch is arranged between the sprocket on the driving solid roller and the driving solid roller, and the one-way clutch is combined when a winding drum is paying off and disconnected when the winding drum is taking up; the spacing distance between the driving solid roller and the driven roller sleeve ensures that the driving solid roller and the driven roller sleeve can clamp the cable, so that the cable between the paying-off assisting mechanism and the winding drum can be ensured to be in a tensioning state when the winding drum is paid off.
In the above embodiments, the transmission between the driving motor and the winding drum, between the winding drum and the intermediate transmission mechanism, between the intermediate transmission mechanism and the automatic wire arranging mechanism, between the automatic wire arranging mechanism and the wire releasing assisting mechanism, and between the wire releasing assisting mechanisms is realized by the chains. In other embodiments, the driving can be realized by a driving belt, and the corresponding chain wheel is replaced by a belt wheel.
In the above embodiments, the pay-off assisting mechanism is provided with a pay-off assisting central shaft and a pay-off assisting roller sleeve, and the pay-off assisting central shaft is driven by the lead screw to rotate. In other embodiments, the pay-off assist center shaft can be driven by a special motor and can also be used; the paying-off power-assisted central shaft can be directly driven to rotate by the winding drum or driven to rotate by the winding drum through an intermediate transmission mechanism; in other embodiments, the paying-off assisting central shaft and the paying-off assisting roller sleeve are not arranged, and a lead screw in the automatic wire arranging assisting mechanism can be directly driven with the driving central shaft and can also be used.
In the above embodiments, the paying-off assisting roller sleeve, the driving roller sleeve and the driven roller sleeve are parallel, coplanar and equal in height. In other embodiments, the paying-off assisting roller sleeve, the driving roller sleeve and the driven roller sleeve can be coplanar but not equal in height, and the paying-off assisting roller sleeve, the driving roller sleeve and the driven roller sleeve can be used if the paying-off assisting roller sleeve, the driving roller sleeve and the driven roller sleeve are in an inclined plane; the three can also be non-coplanar and can be used as well.
In the above embodiment 1, the clutch between the driving roller shell and the driving center shaft is a one-way clutch. In other embodiments, the clutch may not be a one-way clutch, but only such a control mechanism specially used for controlling the engagement and disengagement of the clutch needs to be provided, so that the clutch is engaged when the reel is paid off, and the clutch is disengaged when the reel is reeled in; when the clutch is not a one-way clutch, the engagement and disengagement of the clutch may be controlled manually, or the like.
In the above embodiment 2, the clutch between the sprocket on the drive center shaft that is fitted to the power-assisted chain and the drive center shaft is a one-way clutch. In other embodiments, the clutch may not be a one-way clutch, but only such a control mechanism specially used for controlling the engagement and disengagement of the clutch needs to be provided, so that the clutch is engaged when the reel is paid off, and the clutch is disengaged when the reel is reeled in; when the clutch is not a one-way clutch, the engagement and disengagement of the clutch may be controlled manually, or the like.
In the above embodiment 3, the clutch between the sprocket on the driving solid roller and the driving solid roller is a one-way clutch. In other embodiments, the clutch may not be a one-way clutch, but only such a control mechanism specially used for controlling the engagement and disengagement of the clutch needs to be provided, so that the clutch is engaged when the reel is paid off, and the clutch is disengaged when the reel is reeled in; when the clutch is not a one-way clutch, the engagement and disengagement of the clutch may be controlled manually, or the like.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and not intended to limit the present invention, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended claims, and all structural changes that can be made by using the contents of the description and the drawings of the present invention are intended to be embraced therein.

Claims (10)

1. A shore power cable management apparatus, comprising:
a mounting frame;
the winding drum is rotatably assembled on the mounting frame;
the driving motor is used for driving the winding drum to rotate;
the paying-off assisting mechanism comprises a driving roller body and a driven roller body, the driving roller body and the driven roller body are arranged in parallel at intervals, and a clamping space for clamping a cable is formed between the driving roller body and the driven roller body;
the driving roller body is in transmission connection with the winding drum, a clutch is arranged on a transmission path of the driving roller body and the winding drum, and the clutch is disconnected when the winding drum receives wires and is combined when the winding drum releases wires;
during paying off, the cable passes through the clamping space between the driving roller body and the driven roller body and is clamped by the driving roller body and the driven roller body to be paid off, and the speed of clamping and paying off the cable by the driving roller body and the driven roller body is greater than the paying off speed of the reel, so that the cable between the reel and the paying off assisting mechanism is kept tensioned.
2. The shore power cable management system according to claim 1, wherein the drum is in chain drive connection with the drive roller body, the drive roller body is provided with a sprocket adapted to the chain, and the clutch is disposed between the sprocket and the drive roller body; or the winding drum is in transmission connection with the driving roller body through a transmission belt, the driving roller body is provided with a belt wheel matched with the transmission belt, and the clutch is arranged between the belt wheel and the driving roller body.
3. The shore power cable management system according to claim 1, wherein the driving roller is a roller sleeve, the pay-off assisting mechanism further comprises a central shaft for the roller sleeve to be sleeved, the reel is in transmission connection with the central shaft, and the clutch is arranged between the roller sleeve and the central shaft.
4. The shore power cable management system according to claim 1, wherein the driving roller is a roller sleeve, the paying-off power assisting mechanism further comprises a central shaft for the roller sleeve to be sleeved on, the roller sleeve is sleeved on the central shaft and then fixed with the central shaft, the winding drum is in transmission connection with the central shaft through a chain, the central shaft is provided with a chain wheel adapted to the chain, the clutch is arranged between the chain wheel and the central shaft, or the winding drum is in transmission connection with the central shaft through a transmission belt, the central shaft is provided with a belt wheel adapted to the transmission belt, and the clutch is arranged between the belt wheel and the central shaft.
5. The shore power cable management device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the paying-off assisting mechanism further comprises a paying-off assisting roller, and a driving mechanism for driving the paying-off assisting roller to rotate is further arranged in the shore power cable management device, so that in use, the cable bypasses the paying-off assisting roller, presses the paying-off assisting roller and then extends into a clamping space between the driving roller body and the driven roller body.
6. The shore power cable management system according to claim 5, wherein the paying-off power roller is disposed in the transmission path between the drum and the driving roller body and is in transmission connection with the drum and the driving roller body, respectively, the drum is in transmission connection with the driving roller body through the paying-off power roller, and a driving motor for driving the drum to rotate constitutes the driving mechanism.
7. The shore power cable management device according to claim 6, further comprising an automatic cable arranging mechanism, wherein the automatic cable arranging mechanism comprises a lead screw and a slider structure in transmission fit with the lead screw, and further comprises a guide rail for guiding the slider structure and parallel to the lead screw, the slider structure is provided with a cable box for the cable to pass through, the lead screw is arranged in a transmission path between the winding drum and the paying-off assisting roller and is in transmission connection with the winding drum and the paying-off assisting roller respectively, and the winding drum is in transmission connection with the paying-off assisting roller through the lead screw.
8. The shore power cable management system of claim 5, wherein the payout assist roller, the drive roller body and the driven roller body are disposed coplanar.
9. The shore power cable management system according to claim 8, wherein the pay-off assist roller, the driving roller body and the driven roller body are disposed at the same height.
10. The shore power cable management apparatus of any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein said clutch is a one-way clutch.
CN201911026029.6A 2019-10-25 2019-10-25 Shore power cable management device Pending CN110844712A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911026029.6A CN110844712A (en) 2019-10-25 2019-10-25 Shore power cable management device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911026029.6A CN110844712A (en) 2019-10-25 2019-10-25 Shore power cable management device

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CN110844712A true CN110844712A (en) 2020-02-28

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CN205838231U (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-12-28 江门市安利电源工程有限公司 A kind of ship shore electric cable drum
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CN109305611A (en) * 2018-11-02 2019-02-05 陕西华通机电制造有限公司 Cable Assembly system is used in a kind of laying of shipboard cable

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US20120048152A1 (en) * 2009-04-06 2012-03-01 Samsung Heavy Ind. Co. Ltd Winch and autonomous mobile apparatus including the same
CN203428624U (en) * 2013-07-25 2014-02-12 国家电网公司 Cable unwinding-winding device
CN205838231U (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-12-28 江门市安利电源工程有限公司 A kind of ship shore electric cable drum
CN106946097A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-07-14 南京航空航天大学 Cable pull self-regulation capstan winch and its control method
CN109305611A (en) * 2018-11-02 2019-02-05 陕西华通机电制造有限公司 Cable Assembly system is used in a kind of laying of shipboard cable

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