CN110743654A - Soil grinding and crushing device and method - Google Patents

Soil grinding and crushing device and method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN110743654A
CN110743654A CN201910918925.7A CN201910918925A CN110743654A CN 110743654 A CN110743654 A CN 110743654A CN 201910918925 A CN201910918925 A CN 201910918925A CN 110743654 A CN110743654 A CN 110743654A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
grinding
grinding roller
soil
fine grinding
fine
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910918925.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵涵洋
雷学文
张彬
董欢
林胜强
刘特
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuhan University of Science and Engineering WUSE
Wuhan University of Science and Technology WHUST
Original Assignee
Wuhan University of Science and Engineering WUSE
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wuhan University of Science and Engineering WUSE filed Critical Wuhan University of Science and Engineering WUSE
Priority to CN201910918925.7A priority Critical patent/CN110743654A/en
Publication of CN110743654A publication Critical patent/CN110743654A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/16Mills provided with vibrators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/10Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator arranged in discharge path of crushing or disintegrating zone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/286Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/30Shape or construction of rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/32Adjusting, applying pressure to, or controlling the distance between, milling members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/40Detachers, e.g. scrapers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/42Driving mechanisms; Roller speed control
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/28Preparing specimens for investigation including physical details of (bio-)chemical methods covered elsewhere, e.g. G01N33/50, C12Q
    • G01N1/286Preparing specimens for investigation including physical details of (bio-)chemical methods covered elsewhere, e.g. G01N33/50, C12Q involving mechanical work, e.g. chopping, disintegrating, compacting, homogenising
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/28Preparing specimens for investigation including physical details of (bio-)chemical methods covered elsewhere, e.g. G01N33/50, C12Q
    • G01N1/286Preparing specimens for investigation including physical details of (bio-)chemical methods covered elsewhere, e.g. G01N33/50, C12Q involving mechanical work, e.g. chopping, disintegrating, compacting, homogenising
    • G01N2001/2866Grinding or homogeneising

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Analytical Chemistry (AREA)
  • Biochemistry (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Immunology (AREA)
  • Pathology (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Disintegrating Or Milling (AREA)
  • Crushing And Grinding (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a soil grinding and crushing device and a grinding and crushing method, which comprises a feeding hopper and a coarse grinding cylinder which are arranged from top to bottom, the fine grinding cylinder, discharging device and support frame, feed hopper is the chamfered table structure that link up from top to bottom, be equipped with first coarse grinding roller and the second coarse grinding roller that sets up side by side and the axis is parallel in the coarse grinding cylinder, be equipped with first fine grinding roller and the second fine grinding roller that sets up side by side and the axis is parallel in the fine grinding cylinder, discharging device is including the first magazine and the second magazine that go out that sets up from top to bottom, first ejection of compact box bottom is equipped with the grizzly, second ejection of compact box bottom side is equipped with the discharge gate, the support frame is fixed in the discharging device bottom, install the motor on the support frame, the motor drives first coarse grinding roller motion through first transmission, the motor drives first fine grinding roller motion through second transmission, need to grind shredding to air-dried soil before the remolded soil system appearance among the geotechnique test.

Description

Soil grinding and crushing device and method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of geotechnical indoor soil tests, in particular to a soil grinding and crushing device and a soil grinding and crushing method.
Background
When remolded soil samples such as cohesive soil, silt soil, mucky soil and the like are subjected to direct shearing, consolidation, unconfined and triaxial tests, the soil body needs to be air-dried and ground, and then is sieved by a certain particle size, so that the soil can be used for preparing the samples.
At present, a special processing machine is lacked for crushing and grinding the soil, and if the existing crushing machine used in other fields is adopted, the soil can not be well crushed and ground, so that problems can be caused, such as uncontrollable grinding precision, complex and large machinery, too complex operation, insufficient economy in use and the like. If adopt some miniature grinders to grind soil, machinery easily heats the card and pause, leads to the soil after the needs again to sieve the processing technology, in addition, miniature grinders are inconvenient to be washd, very big influence work efficiency. Therefore, a machine which is used for crushing and sieving the soil into a whole and is convenient to clean is needed.
Disclosure of Invention
According to the defects of the prior art, the invention aims to provide a soil grinding and crushing device and a soil grinding and crushing method, wherein before remolded soil is sampled in a soil test, the soil after air drying needs to be ground and crushed, and the device can be used for crushing and sieving the soil and is convenient to clean.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the technical scheme that:
a soil grinding and crushing device comprises a feeding hopper, a coarse grinding cylinder, a fine grinding cylinder, a discharging device and a support frame which are arranged from top to bottom;
the feeding funnel is of a chamfered platform structure which is communicated up and down;
a first rough grinding roller and a second rough grinding roller which are arranged side by side and are parallel in axis are arranged in the rough grinding cylinder, adjusting plates are inserted into the bottom of the feeding hopper and the top of the rough grinding cylinder, the first rough grinding roller is connected with the rough grinding cylinder through a first driving shaft, the second rough grinding roller is connected with the rough grinding cylinder through a first driven shaft, tooth-shaped bulges which are axially and uniformly distributed are arranged on the outer surfaces of the first rough grinding roller and the second rough grinding roller, and the first rough grinding roller and the second rough grinding roller are meshed with each other;
the fine grinding cylinder is internally provided with a first fine grinding roller and a second fine grinding roller which are arranged side by side and have parallel axes, the first fine grinding roller is connected with the fine grinding cylinder through a second driving shaft, the second fine grinding roller is connected with the fine grinding cylinder through a second driven shaft, the outer surfaces of the first fine grinding roller and the second fine grinding roller are respectively provided with annular bulges which are uniformly distributed in the circumferential direction at certain intervals, and the annular bulges of the first fine grinding roller and the second fine grinding roller are arranged in a staggered manner;
the discharging device comprises a first discharging box and a second discharging box which are arranged up and down, the bottom of the first discharging box is provided with a grid sieve, the side surface of the bottom of the first discharging box is provided with a discharging hole, the bottom of the second discharging box is closed, and the side surface of the bottom of the second discharging box is provided with a discharging hole;
the support frame is fixed discharging device bottom, install the motor on the support frame, the motor links to each other with first driving shaft through first transmission and drives first rough grinding roller rotates, the motor links to each other with the second driving shaft through second transmission and drives first thin grinding roller rotates.
Further, be equipped with rough grinding adjustment tank, rough grinding fixed screw block and rough grinding adjusting device, two on the rough grinding section of thick bamboo the rough grinding adjustment tank symmetry is established around the second rough grinding roller, follow two respectively around the first driven shaft the rough grinding adjustment tank stretches out, the rough grinding fixed screw block is fixed the rough grinding section of thick bamboo inboard and run through have with the axis vertically rough grinding adjustment hole of first driven shaft, rough grinding adjusting device includes first band-pass screw and first adjusting nut, first band-pass screw cover is established on the first driven shaft, first band-pass screw is followed the rough grinding adjustment hole is worn out and is passed through first adjusting nut screws up.
Further, be equipped with fine grinding adjustment tank, fine grinding fixed screw block and fine grinding adjusting device on the fine grinding section of thick bamboo, two fine grinding adjustment tank symmetry is established around the fine grinding roller of second, follow two respectively around the second driven shaft fine grinding adjustment tank stretches out, fine grinding fixed screw block is fixed fine grinding section of thick bamboo inboard and run through have with the axis vertically fine grinding adjustment hole of second driven shaft, fine grinding adjusting device includes foraminiferous screw of second and second adjusting nut, the foraminiferous screw cover of second is established on the second driven shaft, the foraminiferous screw of second is followed fine grinding adjustment hole is worn out and is passed through second adjusting nut screws up.
Furthermore, first transmission includes first belt pulley, second belt pulley and first belt, first belt pulley is installed on the output shaft of motor, the second belt pulley is installed on the first driving shaft, first belt cover first belt pulley with the tensioning on the second belt pulley.
Furthermore, the second transmission device comprises a third belt pulley, a fourth belt pulley and a second belt, the third belt pulley is installed on the output shaft of the motor, the fourth belt pulley is installed on the second driving shaft, and the second belt is sleeved on the third belt pulley and the fourth belt pulley to be tensioned.
Furthermore, the size and the specification of the grizzly can be changed according to actual needs.
Furthermore, the first rough grinding roller, the second rough grinding roller, the first fine grinding roller and the second fine grinding roller are all provided with soil cleaning brushes.
Furthermore, the discharging device is provided with a shaking device at the bottom, the shaking device comprises an eccentric wheel, a fifth belt pulley is installed on a rotating shaft of the eccentric wheel, a sixth belt pulley is installed on an output shaft of the motor, and a third tensioning belt is sleeved on the fifth belt pulley and the sixth belt pulley.
A soil grinding and crushing method comprises the following steps:
firstly, adjusting the distance between a first coarse grinding roller and a second coarse grinding roller and the distance between a first fine grinding roller and a second fine grinding roller according to the soil type characteristics and the thickness degree of the ground soil;
step two, starting the motor, confirming that the motor and the whole machine work normally, and adjusting the rotating speed of the motor according to the required grinding speed;
step three, the adjusting plate is stretched to fully seal the bottom of the feeding funnel, and a proper amount of air-dried soil is poured into the feeding funnel;
adjusting a telescopic adjusting plate at the bottom of the feeding funnel according to actual conditions, adjusting the width of the adjusting plate at the bottom of the feeding funnel to adjust the speed of leaking materials, and limiting the size of passing soil particles to enable the soil particles to enter a coarse grinding cylinder and a fine grinding cylinder for grinding;
step five, the ground fine soil particles are connected into a material filling bag at the discharge ports of the first material discharging box and the second material discharging box so as to prevent a large amount of dust from being formed;
step six, cutting off the power supply of the motor after grinding is finished, and stopping the machine;
step seven, if the device is cleaned, water can be directly injected from the top of the feeding funnel, so that water flows out from the discharge hole to clean residual soil attached to the internal structure of the device; if the direct water injection cleaning effect is not ideal, the coarse grinding cylinder and the fine grinding cylinder can be disassembled, and the first coarse grinding roller, the second coarse grinding roller, the first fine grinding roller, the second fine grinding roller and the internal structure are leaked out for manual cleaning;
and step eight, cleaning the device, and airing and restoring the device for next use.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages and beneficial effects:
1. according to the soil grinding and crushing device and the soil grinding and crushing method, the soil in the soil test is ground twice by arranging the coarse grinding cylinder and the fine grinding cylinder, the discharging device is arranged into the first discharging box and the second discharging box, the ground soil is screened, the grinding precision is controllable, and the grinding treatment efficiency is high.
2. According to the soil grinding and crushing device and the soil grinding and crushing method, the coarse grinding adjusting device is arranged on the coarse grinding cylinder, and the fine grinding adjusting device is arranged on the fine grinding cylinder, so that the grinding precision can be adjusted.
3. According to the soil grinding and crushing device and the soil grinding and crushing method, the soil cleaning brush is arranged on one side of each grinding roller, so that each grinding roller can be cleaned during grinding.
4. The soil grinding and crushing device and the soil grinding and crushing method are provided with the variable-frequency speed regulating motor, and the grinding speed can be adjusted according to actual conditions.
5. According to the soil grinding and crushing device and the soil grinding and crushing method, in order to facilitate disassembly, the side face of the coarse grinding cylinder is hinged with the bottom of the feeding hopper through the rotating shaft, the side face of the fine grinding cylinder is hinged with the bottom of the coarse grinding cylinder through the rotating shaft, the top of the first material outlet box is hinged with the bottom of the fine grinding cylinder through the rotating shaft, and the top of the second material outlet box is hinged with the top of the first material outlet box through the rotating shaft.
6. According to the soil grinding and crushing device and the soil grinding and crushing method, the shaking device can shake the whole discharging device up and down to a certain extent, so that the first discharging box can better screen soil particles and avoid soil particle accumulation and blockage.
7. According to the soil grinding and crushing device and the soil grinding and crushing method, the grid sieve can be changed in size and specification according to actual needs, and soil particles with proper sizes can be sieved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a top view of the feeder funnel of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is an isometric view of the mating of a first rough grinding roller and a second rough grinding roller of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a top view of the first rough grinding roller and the second rough grinding roller of the present invention in combination.
Fig. 6 is a front view showing the engagement of the first rough grinding roller and the second rough grinding roller according to the present invention.
Fig. 7 is an isometric view of the mating of a first fine abrasive roll and a second fine abrasive roll of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a top view of the first and second fine grinding rolls of the present invention in combination.
Fig. 9 is a front view of the first and second fine grinding rollers of the present invention in cooperation.
Fig. 10 is a top view of the first discharging box of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a top view of the second discharging box of the present invention.
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the rough grinding adjustment device of the present invention connected to a rough grinding cylinder.
Wherein: 1. a feed hopper; 11. an adjusting plate;
2. a coarse grinding cylinder; 21. a first rough grinding roller; 22. a second rough grinding roller; 23. a rough grinding adjusting groove; 24. roughly grinding the screw fixing block; 241. roughly grinding an adjusting hole; 25. a rough grinding adjusting device; 251. a first screw with a hole; 252. a first adjusting nut;
3. a fine grinding cylinder; 31. a first fine grinding roller; 32. a second fine grinding roller; 33. a fine grinding adjustment device;
4. a discharging device; 41. a first discharging box; 411. screening the grids; 42. a second material outlet box;
5. a support frame;
6. a motor; 61. a first transmission device; 611. a first pulley; 612. a second pulley; 613. a first belt; 62. a second transmission device; 621. a third belt pulley; 622. a fourth belt pulley; 623. a second belt;
7. cleaning and brushing soil;
8. a dithering device; 81. an eccentric wheel; 82. a fifth belt pulley; 83. a sixth belt pulley; 84. a third belt.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "up", "down", "front", "back", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used only for convenience in describing the present invention and for simplicity in description, and do not indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first", "second", etc. are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first," "second," etc. may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
Referring to fig. 1-12, a soil grinding and crushing device comprises a feeding hopper 1, a coarse grinding cylinder 2, a fine grinding cylinder 3, a discharging device 4 and a support frame 5 which are arranged from top to bottom. The feeding funnel 1 is used for feeding, the coarse grinding cylinder 2 is used for grinding large soil mass particles, the fine grinding cylinder 3 is used for performing fine grinding on the soil particles after coarse grinding again, the discharging device 4 is used for discharging the soil after twice grinding, and the supporting frame 5 is used for supporting the whole device.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the feeding funnel 1 has a chamfered structure penetrating up and down, and the top of the feeding funnel 1 may be provided with a flip cover.
Referring to fig. 2, 4, 5 and 6, the rough grinding cylinder 2 is a roller shape horizontally arranged in the axial direction, a first rough grinding roller 21 and a second rough grinding roller 22 which are arranged side by side and parallel to each other in the axial direction are arranged in the rough grinding cylinder 2, the first rough grinding roller 21 is connected with the front side surface and the rear side surface of the rough grinding cylinder 2 through a first driving shaft, the second rough grinding roller 22 is connected with the front side surface and the rear side surface of the rough grinding cylinder 2 through a first driven shaft, tooth-shaped protrusions which are uniformly arranged in the axial direction are arranged on the outer surfaces of the first rough grinding roller 21 and the second rough grinding roller 22, and the first rough grinding roller 21 and the second rough grinding roller 22 form mutual engagement between gears. The first rough grinding roller 21 rotates to drive the second rough grinding roller 22 to rotate, and the first rough grinding roller 21 and the second rough grinding roller 22 not only have rotation movement driven by friction, but also have mechanical transmission between gears.
For convenient disassembly, the side surface of the coarse grinding cylinder 2 is hinged with the bottom of the rotating shaft feeding hopper 1.
Referring to fig. 2, 7, 8 and 9, the fine grinding cylinder 3 is a roller horizontally arranged in the axial direction, a first fine grinding roller 31 and a second fine grinding roller 32 which are arranged side by side and parallel to each other in the axis are arranged in the fine grinding cylinder 3, the first fine grinding roller 31 is connected with the fine grinding cylinder 3 through a second driving shaft, the second fine grinding roller 32 is connected with the fine grinding cylinder 3 through a second driven shaft, annular protrusions which are uniformly arranged in the circumferential direction at a certain interval are arranged on the outer surfaces of the first fine grinding roller 31 and the second fine grinding roller 32, the annular protrusions of the first fine grinding roller 31 and the second fine grinding roller 32 are arranged in a staggered manner, and when particles are larger than the soil passing through the gap between the first fine grinding roller 31 and the second fine grinding roller 32, the rotating first fine grinding roller 31 drives the second fine grinding roller 32 to rotate due to the friction effect and extrude and grind the soil.
For convenient disassembly, the side surface of the fine grinding cylinder 3 is hinged with the bottom of the coarse grinding cylinder 2 through a rotating shaft.
Referring to fig. 1, 2, 10 and 11, the discharging device 4 includes a first discharging box 41 and a second discharging box 42 which are arranged up and down, a grid 411 is arranged at the bottom of the first discharging box 41, and discharging holes are arranged on the side surfaces of the bottoms of the first discharging box 41 and the second discharging box 42. The size of the grid sieve 411 can be changed according to actual needs, the grid sieve 411 arranged at the bottom of the first discharging box 41 can separate soil particles with a certain particle size, the bottom of the second discharging box 42 is closed, and all the soil particles with the particle size below the certain particle size can be collected.
For the convenience of disassembly, the top of the first discharging box 41 is hinged to the bottom of the fine grinding cylinder 3 through a rotating shaft, and the top of the second discharging box 42 is hinged to the top of the first discharging box 41 through a rotating shaft.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, a support frame 5 is fixed at the bottom of a discharging device 4, a motor 6 is installed on the support frame 5, the motor 6 is a variable frequency speed regulating motor and is used for outputting power and controlling rotating speed, the motor 6 is connected with a first driving shaft through a first transmission device 61, and the motor 6 is connected with a second driving shaft through a second transmission device 62. The first rough grinding roller 21 can be driven to rotate through the first transmission device 61, and then the second rough grinding roller 22 is driven to rotate through friction and mechanical transmission, and the second transmission device 62 drives the first fine grinding roller 31 to rotate, and then the second fine grinding roller 32 is driven to rotate through friction.
In order to adjust the gap between the first rough grinding roller 21 and the second rough grinding roller 22 to control the grinding precision, referring to fig. 2 and 12, a rough grinding adjusting groove 23, a rough grinding screw fixing block 24 and a rough grinding adjusting device 25 are arranged on the rough grinding cylinder 2, the two rough grinding adjusting grooves 23 are symmetrically arranged in front of and behind the second rough grinding roller 22, the first driven shaft extends from the two rough grinding adjusting grooves 23 in front of and behind the first driven shaft, the rough grinding screw fixing block 24 is fixed on the inner side of the rough grinding cylinder 2 and penetrates through a rough grinding adjusting hole 241 (not shown in the figure) perpendicular to the axis of the first driven shaft, the rough grinding adjusting device 25 comprises a first threaded screw 251 and a first adjusting nut 252, the first threaded screw 251 is sleeved on the first driven shaft, and the first threaded screw 251 penetrates through the rough grinding adjusting hole 241 and is screwed through the first adjusting nut 252. By rotating the first threaded screw 251, the first threaded screw 251 drives the first driven shaft of the second rough grinding roller 22 to move in the rough grinding adjusting groove 23, so as to adjust the gap between the first rough grinding roller 21 and the second rough grinding roller 22, and after the adjustment is completed, the first adjusting nut 252 is screwed down. In addition, a third adjusting nut is disposed on the other side of the rough grinding screw fixing block 24 relative to the first adjusting nut 252, and is further used for screwing with the first perforated screw 251 to fix the first perforated screw 251.
In order to adjust the clearance between the first rough grinding roller 21 and the second rough grinding roller 22, in order to control the grinding precision, be equipped with the fine grinding adjustment tank on the fine grinding section of thick bamboo 3, fine grinding screw fixed block and fine grinding adjusting device 33, two fine grinding adjustment tanks symmetry are established around the second fine grinding roller 32, respectively stretch out from two fine grinding adjustment tanks around the second driven shaft, fine grinding screw fixed block is fixed in the fine grinding section of thick bamboo 3 inboard and has run through the fine grinding adjustment hole perpendicular with the axis of second driven shaft, fine grinding adjusting device 33 includes second foraminiferous screw and second adjusting nut, the second foraminiferous screw cover is established on the second driven shaft, the second foraminiferous screw is worn out and is screwed up through the second adjusting nut from the fine grinding adjustment hole. Through rotating the second foraminiferous screw, make the second foraminiferous screw drive the second driven shaft of second fine grinding roller 32 and remove in the fine grinding adjustment tank, and then adjust the clearance between first fine grinding roller 31 and the second fine grinding roller 32, after adjusting, screw up the second adjusting nut. In addition, a fourth adjusting nut is further arranged on the other side, opposite to the second adjusting nut, of the fine grinding screw fixing block and is further used for being screwed with the second perforated screw to fix the second perforated screw.
For the rotation of the first rough grinding roller 21, the first transmission 61 includes a first pulley 611, a second pulley 612 and a first belt 613, the first pulley 611 is mounted on the output shaft of the motor 6, the second belt 623 and the pulley 612 are mounted on the first driving shaft, and the first belt 613 is tightened over the first pulley 611 and the second pulley 612. The first belt pulley 611 is driven to rotate by the rotation of the motor 6, and further the second belt pulley 612 and the first belt 613 are driven to rotate, so as to drive the first rough grinding roller 21 to rotate.
For the rotation of the first fine grinding roller 31, the second transmission means 62 includes a third pulley 621, a fourth pulley 622, and a second belt 623, the third pulley 621 being mounted on the output shaft of the motor 6, the fourth pulley 622 being mounted on the second driving shaft, and the second belt 623 being stretched over the third pulley 621 and the fourth pulley 622. The motor 6 rotates to drive the third belt pulley 621 to rotate, and further drive the fourth belt pulley 622 and the second belt 623 to rotate, so as to drive the first fine grinding roller 31 to rotate.
In order to adjust the falling amount of the soil, an adjusting plate 11 is inserted at the bottom of the feeding hopper 1 and the top of the rough grinding cylinder 2. By means of the telescopic adjustment plate 11, the amount of soil falling from the feed hopper 1 to the rough grinding cylinder 2 can be adjusted.
Referring to fig. 1, 2, 10 and 11, in order to better discharge ground soil, the first discharging box 41 and the second discharging box 42 are both inclined downward by a certain angle, and the bottom surfaces of the first discharging box 41 and the second discharging box 42 are trapezoidal.
Referring to fig. 2, in order to clean the soil that may adhere to the inside of the device and drop the ground soil, the soil cleaning brushes 7 are provided on the first rough grinding roller 21, the second rough grinding roller 22, the first fine grinding roller 31, and the second fine grinding roller 32.
Referring to fig. 2, in order to enable the discharging device 4 to shake up and down with a certain amplitude, so that the first discharging box 41 can better sieve soil particles and avoid soil particle accumulation and blockage, the shaking device 8 is installed at the bottom of the discharging device 4, the shaking device 8 comprises an eccentric wheel 81, the eccentric wheel 81 is installed at the bottom of the second discharging box 42, a fifth belt pulley 82 is installed on a rotating shaft of the eccentric wheel 81, a sixth belt pulley 83 is installed on an output shaft of the motor 6, and a third tensioning belt is sleeved on the fifth belt pulley 82 and the sixth belt pulley 83. The fifth belt pulley 82 is driven to rotate by the rotation of the motor 6, and further the sixth belt pulley 83 and the third belt are driven to rotate, so as to drive the eccentric wheel 81 to rotate, and the discharging device 4 is shaken.
The invention provides a soil grinding and crushing method, which adopts a soil grinding and crushing device provided by the invention to grind and crush soil.
The specific implementation steps are as follows:
firstly, adjusting the distance between a first coarse grinding roller 21 and a second coarse grinding roller 22 and the distance between a first fine grinding roller 31 and a second fine grinding roller 32 according to the soil type characteristics and the thickness degree of the ground soil;
step two, starting the motor 6, confirming that the motor 6 and the whole machine work normally, and adjusting the rotating speed of the motor 6 according to the required grinding speed;
step three, the adjusting plate 11 is firstly stretched to fully seal the bottom of the feeding funnel 1, and a proper amount of air-dried soil is poured into the feeding funnel 1;
step four, adjusting a telescopic adjusting plate 11 at the bottom of the feeding funnel 1 according to actual conditions, adjusting the feeding adjusting width at the bottom of the feeding funnel 1 to adjust the speed of material leakage, and limiting the size of soil particles to pass through, so that the soil particles enter a coarse grinding cylinder 2 and a fine grinding cylinder 3 to be ground;
step five, the ground fine soil particles are connected into a material filling bag at the discharge holes of the first material discharging box 41 and the second material discharging box 42 so as to prevent a large amount of dust from being formed;
step six, cutting off the power supply of the motor 6 after grinding is finished, and stopping the machine;
step seven, if the device is cleaned, water can be directly injected from the top of the feeding funnel 1, so that water flows out from the discharge hole to clean residual soil attached to the internal structure of the device; if the direct water injection cleaning effect is not ideal, the side surface of the coarse grinding cylinder 2 and the side surface of the fine grinding cylinder 3 can be detached, and the first coarse grinding roller 21, the second coarse grinding roller 22, the first fine grinding roller 31, the second fine grinding roller 32 and the internal structure are leaked out for manual cleaning;
and step eight, cleaning the device, and airing and restoring the device for next use.
Finally, it should be noted that: although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the embodiments or portions thereof without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a soil grinds reducing mechanism which characterized in that: comprises a feeding hopper, a coarse grinding cylinder, a fine grinding cylinder, a discharging device and a supporting frame which are arranged from top to bottom;
the feeding funnel is of a chamfered platform structure which is communicated up and down;
a first rough grinding roller and a second rough grinding roller which are arranged side by side and are parallel in axis are arranged in the rough grinding cylinder, adjusting plates are inserted into the bottom of the feeding hopper and the top of the rough grinding cylinder, the first rough grinding roller is connected with the rough grinding cylinder through a first driving shaft, the second rough grinding roller is connected with the rough grinding cylinder through a first driven shaft, tooth-shaped bulges which are axially and uniformly distributed are arranged on the outer surfaces of the first rough grinding roller and the second rough grinding roller, and the first rough grinding roller and the second rough grinding roller are meshed with each other;
the fine grinding cylinder is internally provided with a first fine grinding roller and a second fine grinding roller which are arranged side by side and have parallel axes, the first fine grinding roller is connected with the fine grinding cylinder through a second driving shaft, the second fine grinding roller is connected with the fine grinding cylinder through a second driven shaft, the outer surfaces of the first fine grinding roller and the second fine grinding roller are respectively provided with annular bulges which are uniformly distributed in the circumferential direction at certain intervals, and the annular bulges of the first fine grinding roller and the second fine grinding roller are arranged in a staggered manner;
the discharging device comprises a first discharging box and a second discharging box which are arranged up and down, the bottom of the first discharging box is provided with a grid sieve, the side surface of the bottom of the first discharging box is provided with a discharging hole, the bottom of the second discharging box is closed, and the side surface of the bottom of the second discharging box is provided with a discharging hole;
the support frame is fixed discharging device bottom, install the motor on the support frame, the motor links to each other with first driving shaft through first transmission and drives first rough grinding roller rotates, the motor links to each other with the second driving shaft through second transmission and drives first thin grinding roller rotates.
2. A soil grinding and comminution apparatus as claimed in claim 1 in which: be equipped with rough grinding adjustment tank, rough grinding fixed screw block and rough grinding adjusting device, two on the rough grinding section of thick bamboo rough grinding adjustment tank symmetry is established around the second rough grinding roller, follow two respectively around the first driven shaft rough grinding adjustment tank stretches out, rough grinding fixed screw block is fixed rough grinding section of thick bamboo inboard and run through have with the axis vertically rough grinding adjustment hole of first driven shaft, rough grinding adjusting device includes first band-pass screw and first adjusting nut, first band-pass screw cover is established on the first driven shaft, first band-pass screw is followed rough grinding adjustment hole is worn out and is passed through first adjusting nut screws up.
3. A soil grinding and comminution apparatus as claimed in claim 2 in which: be equipped with fine grinding adjustment tank, fine grinding fixed screw block and fine grinding adjusting device on the fine grinding cylinder, two fine grinding adjustment tank symmetry is established around the fine grinding roller of second, follow two respectively around the second driven shaft fine grinding adjustment tank stretches out, fine grinding fixed screw block is fixed fine grinding cylinder inboard and run through have with the axis vertically fine grinding adjustment hole of second driven shaft, fine grinding adjusting device includes the foraminiferous screw of second and second adjusting nut, the foraminiferous screw cover of second is established on the second driven shaft, the foraminiferous screw of second is followed fine grinding adjustment hole is worn out and is passed through second adjusting nut screws up.
4. A soil grinding and comminution apparatus as claimed in claim 1 in which: the first transmission device comprises a first belt pulley, a second belt pulley and a first belt, the first belt pulley is installed on an output shaft of the motor, the second belt pulley is installed on the first driving shaft, and the first belt is sleeved on the first belt pulley and tensioned on the second belt pulley.
5. A soil grinding and comminution apparatus as claimed in claim 4 in which: the second transmission device comprises a third belt pulley, a fourth belt pulley and a second belt, the third belt pulley is installed on an output shaft of the motor, the fourth belt pulley is installed on the second driving shaft, and the second belt is sleeved on the third belt pulley and tensioned on the fourth belt pulley.
6. A soil grinding and comminution apparatus as claimed in claim 1 in which: the size and the specification of the grid sieve can be changed according to actual needs.
7. A soil grinding and comminution apparatus as claimed in claim 1 in which: the first coarse grinding roller, the second coarse grinding roller, the first fine grinding roller and the second fine grinding roller are all provided with soil cleaning brushes.
8. A soil grinding and comminution apparatus as claimed in claim 1 in which: the discharging device is characterized in that a shaking device is arranged at the bottom of the discharging device and comprises an eccentric wheel, a fifth belt pulley is installed on a rotating shaft of the eccentric wheel, a sixth belt pulley is installed on an output shaft of the motor, and a third tensioning belt is sleeved on the fifth belt pulley and the sixth belt pulley.
9. A soil milling and crushing method using the soil milling and crushing apparatus according to claim 1, comprising:
firstly, adjusting the distance between a first coarse grinding roller and a second coarse grinding roller and the distance between a first fine grinding roller and a second fine grinding roller according to the soil type characteristics and the thickness degree of the ground soil;
step two, starting the motor, confirming that the motor and the whole machine work normally, and adjusting the rotating speed of the motor according to the required grinding speed;
step three, the adjusting plate is stretched to fully seal the bottom of the feeding funnel, and a proper amount of air-dried soil is poured into the feeding funnel;
adjusting a telescopic adjusting plate at the bottom of the feeding funnel according to actual conditions, adjusting the width of the adjusting plate at the bottom of the feeding funnel to adjust the speed of leaking materials, and limiting the size of passing soil particles to enable the soil particles to enter a coarse grinding cylinder and a fine grinding cylinder for grinding;
step five, the ground fine soil particles are connected into a material filling bag at the discharge ports of the first material discharging box and the second material discharging box so as to prevent a large amount of dust from being formed;
step six, cutting off the power supply of the motor after grinding is finished, and stopping the machine;
step seven, if the device is cleaned, water can be directly injected from the top of the feeding funnel, so that water flows out from the discharge hole to clean residual soil attached to the internal structure of the device; if the direct water injection cleaning effect is not ideal, the coarse grinding cylinder and the fine grinding cylinder can be disassembled, and the first coarse grinding roller, the second coarse grinding roller, the first fine grinding roller, the second fine grinding roller and the internal structure are leaked out for manual cleaning;
and step eight, cleaning the device, airing the recovered soil grinding and crushing device for next use.
CN201910918925.7A 2019-09-26 2019-09-26 Soil grinding and crushing device and method Pending CN110743654A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910918925.7A CN110743654A (en) 2019-09-26 2019-09-26 Soil grinding and crushing device and method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910918925.7A CN110743654A (en) 2019-09-26 2019-09-26 Soil grinding and crushing device and method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110743654A true CN110743654A (en) 2020-02-04

Family

ID=69277190

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910918925.7A Pending CN110743654A (en) 2019-09-26 2019-09-26 Soil grinding and crushing device and method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110743654A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112210152A (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-01-12 安徽杰蓝特新材料有限公司 Reinforced wear-resistant PE drain pipe for trenchless construction and preparation method thereof
CN113567216A (en) * 2021-09-27 2021-10-29 华谱智能科技(天津)有限公司 Soil sample preparation equipment
CN113856875A (en) * 2021-12-03 2021-12-31 青州市大森机械有限公司 Rotary stripping type soil multistage screening machine for homeland investigation based on photoelectric sensing
CN113941395A (en) * 2020-07-17 2022-01-18 常德利麟机械设备有限公司 Grinding device
CN115415006A (en) * 2022-09-18 2022-12-02 山东华美建材有限公司 Wall brick processingequipment based on waste utilization

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202155213U (en) * 2011-07-07 2012-03-07 山东黄金矿业股份有限公司新城金矿 Combined paired roll type crusher
CN102407175A (en) * 2011-07-29 2012-04-11 北京市农林科学院 Toothed roller soil sample crusher
CN202570247U (en) * 2012-04-13 2012-12-05 江苏金山环保科技股份有限公司 Catching and crushing machine for dried sludge
CN203076007U (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-07-24 富氏食品(中国)有限公司 Double-roller crusher in soy sauce production
CN106853395A (en) * 2015-12-09 2017-06-16 重庆市潼南县盘山农业有限公司 Rice abrasive structure
CN206509043U (en) * 2017-02-14 2017-09-22 咸阳师范学院 A kind of art painting pigment sanding apparatus
CN208526741U (en) * 2018-04-02 2019-02-22 内蒙古耕宇化肥有限公司 A kind of NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE fertilizer raw material crusher
CN208976017U (en) * 2018-09-01 2019-06-14 唐山思佰得瓷业有限公司 A kind of ceramic glaze production crushing and screening equipment
CN110215959A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-09-10 李翠云 A kind of agricultural and sideline product grinding device with screening function
CN110237892A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-09-17 马文驰 A kind of urban construction solid waste processing unit
CN209406408U (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-09-20 宿迁市现代生物科技股份有限公司 A kind of raw material disintegrating screening machine for calcium carbonate preparation

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202155213U (en) * 2011-07-07 2012-03-07 山东黄金矿业股份有限公司新城金矿 Combined paired roll type crusher
CN102407175A (en) * 2011-07-29 2012-04-11 北京市农林科学院 Toothed roller soil sample crusher
CN202570247U (en) * 2012-04-13 2012-12-05 江苏金山环保科技股份有限公司 Catching and crushing machine for dried sludge
CN203076007U (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-07-24 富氏食品(中国)有限公司 Double-roller crusher in soy sauce production
CN106853395A (en) * 2015-12-09 2017-06-16 重庆市潼南县盘山农业有限公司 Rice abrasive structure
CN206509043U (en) * 2017-02-14 2017-09-22 咸阳师范学院 A kind of art painting pigment sanding apparatus
CN208526741U (en) * 2018-04-02 2019-02-22 内蒙古耕宇化肥有限公司 A kind of NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE fertilizer raw material crusher
CN208976017U (en) * 2018-09-01 2019-06-14 唐山思佰得瓷业有限公司 A kind of ceramic glaze production crushing and screening equipment
CN209406408U (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-09-20 宿迁市现代生物科技股份有限公司 A kind of raw material disintegrating screening machine for calcium carbonate preparation
CN110237892A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-09-17 马文驰 A kind of urban construction solid waste processing unit
CN110215959A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-09-10 李翠云 A kind of agricultural and sideline product grinding device with screening function

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113941395A (en) * 2020-07-17 2022-01-18 常德利麟机械设备有限公司 Grinding device
CN112210152A (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-01-12 安徽杰蓝特新材料有限公司 Reinforced wear-resistant PE drain pipe for trenchless construction and preparation method thereof
CN113567216A (en) * 2021-09-27 2021-10-29 华谱智能科技(天津)有限公司 Soil sample preparation equipment
CN113567216B (en) * 2021-09-27 2022-01-07 华谱智能科技(天津)有限公司 Soil sample preparation equipment
CN113856875A (en) * 2021-12-03 2021-12-31 青州市大森机械有限公司 Rotary stripping type soil multistage screening machine for homeland investigation based on photoelectric sensing
CN115415006A (en) * 2022-09-18 2022-12-02 山东华美建材有限公司 Wall brick processingequipment based on waste utilization

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN110743654A (en) Soil grinding and crushing device and method
CN212349048U (en) Milling equipment is used in cosmetics production
CN105797835B (en) Engineering material crushes MIXING SYSTEM CONTROLLED BY
CN111347593A (en) Energy-concerving and environment-protective type plastics grinding device
CN206415158U (en) A kind of leather reducing mechanism of the chemical industry with screening function
CN209061207U (en) A kind of roll-type biomass material pulverizer
CN217222351U (en) Quick drying and screening device for soil detection
CN211307061U (en) Adjustable plastic grinder
CN216261052U (en) High efficiency crushing and sieving equipment
CN115365104A (en) Sieving mechanism is used in chinese herbal medicine processing
CN203990737U (en) A kind of simple and easy Non-Linear Vibration pulverising mill sieve
CN211678005U (en) Construction waste crushing and screening machine
CN209438739U (en) A kind of smashing and grinding all-in-one machine of food processing
CN107754994A (en) A kind of three roller flour mill
CN207735111U (en) A kind of chemical particle preparation facilities
CN114177991B (en) Limestone homogenization treatment system and treatment method
CN213528837U (en) Multistage rubbing crusher for miropowder
CN114100824A (en) Automatic grinding machine for leftover materials of liquid crystal screens and using method of automatic grinding machine
CN207769869U (en) medicine crushing device
CN219252704U (en) Milling equipment of vitamin health products processing
CN220991041U (en) Solid waste separating device for renewable concrete building
CN219187182U (en) Medicinal material rubbing crusher
CN219463540U (en) Fine grinding and screening device for flour
CN220878997U (en) Screening equipment for fertilizer production
CN217531485U (en) Grinding device is smashed to plastic granules

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20200204