CN110725317A - Auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of ocean platform - Google Patents

Auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of ocean platform Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110725317A
CN110725317A CN201911134436.9A CN201911134436A CN110725317A CN 110725317 A CN110725317 A CN 110725317A CN 201911134436 A CN201911134436 A CN 201911134436A CN 110725317 A CN110725317 A CN 110725317A
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China
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shell
mud
pile
semi
cleaning device
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CN201911134436.9A
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CN110725317B (en
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员来
付宗国
陈磊
丁军
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D9/00Removing sheet piles bulkheads, piles, mould-pipes or other moulds or parts thereof
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D13/00Accessories for placing or removing piles or bulkheads, e.g. noise attenuating chambers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D13/00Accessories for placing or removing piles or bulkheads, e.g. noise attenuating chambers
    • E02D13/08Removing obstacles

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • General Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Mining & Mineral Resources (AREA)
  • Paleontology (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Placing Or Removing Of Piles Or Sheet Piles, Or Accessories Thereof (AREA)
  • Piles And Underground Anchors (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of ocean platforms, and relates to an auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of an ocean platform. The invention comprises two half shells which are spliced to form a shell, wherein a channel is arranged in the axial direction of the shell; the lower side surface and the inner side surface of the half shell are respectively provided with an arc-shaped through groove and a limiting sliding groove, a semi-annular plate is arranged outside the limiting sliding groove, and the semi-annular plate is provided with a plurality of sludge insertion tubes; the semi-shell is also provided with a water tank and a high-pressure water pump; the water tank is connected with a water inlet pipe, the water tank is connected with a high-pressure water pump through a water outlet pipe, and the high-pressure water pump is connected with a water outlet hose; a water spraying channel is arranged in the sludge insertion pipe; the semi-shells are provided with first driving mechanisms capable of driving the semi-annular plates on the semi-shells to slide up and down; a mud discharging blade is arranged below the arc-shaped through groove, and a second driving mechanism capable of driving the mud discharging blade to rotate and clean mud is arranged in the half shell. The invention has the advantages that: effectively remove the silt around the spud leg, improve the efficiency of pile pulling.

Description

Auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of ocean platform
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of ocean platforms, and relates to an auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of an ocean platform.
Background
At present, most of offshore platform pile legs are steel structure cylinders or square columns, and pile shoes are protected at the lower parts of the pile legs. When the platform is inserted into the pile, the inserted pile damages the soil body to form slurry and back silting again, forms a new attached soil body to be stabilized on the pile leg, and has great strength after long-time consolidation. This results in pile pulling resistance that greatly exceeds the ultimate pile pulling capability that the platform structure can withstand when pulling the pile. Therefore, the resistance is reduced when the pile is pulled out through flushing or other methods, and the pile pulling efficiency is improved. The common platform can be designed into a pipe-connected flushing system inside a pile leg, but the flow and the pressure are difficult to quickly flush soil attached to a pile shoe, and because the pressure is too low, a water outlet pipe spray head is easy to plug when a pile is inserted, the operation is difficult, and the effect of high-speed pile pulling is difficult to achieve.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems in the prior art, provides an auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of an ocean platform, and aims to solve the technical problems that: in the pile pulling process, how to remove sludge around the pile legs, the resistance formed by pile pulling is reduced, and the pile pulling efficiency is improved.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme: the utility model provides an ocean platform pile pulling assists clear mud device, includes:
the pile comprises two half shells, wherein each lower side surface of each half shell is provided with an arc-shaped through groove, the two half shells are spliced to form a shell, the shell is in a circular truncated cone shape with a large upper part and a small lower part, a channel matched with the cross section of a pile leg is axially arranged on the shell, and the end parts of the two arc-shaped through grooves correspond to each other one by one and are communicated to form an annular groove; the inner side surface of each half shell is vertically provided with a limiting chute communicated with the interior of the half shell;
the two semi-annular plates are respectively arranged outside the limiting sliding groove in a sliding manner; a plurality of sludge inserting pipes with conical lower ends are vertically and fixedly arranged on the lower side surface of each semi-annular plate, and the lower ends of the sludge inserting pipes extend to the lower part of the shell; each half shell is provided with a water tank and a high-pressure water pump, the water inlet end of the water tank is connected with a water inlet pipe, the water discharge end of the water tank is connected with the water inlet end of the high-pressure water pump through a water discharge pipe, and the water discharge end of the high-pressure water pump is connected with a water discharge hose; the sludge insertion pipe is internally provided with a water spraying channel, the upper end of the water spraying channel is connected with a drainage hose, the inner wall of the lower port of the water spraying channel penetrates through the lower end of the sludge insertion pipe, and the port faces the outer side of the shell; a first driving mechanism capable of driving the semi-annular plate on each semi-shell to slide up and down is arranged in each semi-shell;
the sludge discharge blade is arranged below the arc-shaped through groove; every all be provided with the second actuating mechanism that can drive row's mud blade and rotate and clear mud in the half casing.
In the above auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of the ocean platform, a plurality of through holes are formed in the outer wall of the shell around the axis of the shell; a high-pressure nozzle is arranged in each through hole; the water inlet end of the high-pressure nozzle is communicated with the water discharge end of the high-pressure water pump through a three-way valve, and the water discharge end of each high-pressure nozzle faces the outside of the shell.
In the above-mentioned auxiliary mud-cleaning device for pile-pulling of an offshore platform, the first driving mechanism includes a spur rack arranged in a half-shell in a vertically sliding manner and a first motor arranged in the shell, the spur rack is fixedly connected with a half-ring plate, an output shaft of the first motor is connected with an incomplete gear pivot through a transmission mechanism, and a first incomplete gear and a second incomplete gear are coaxially and fixedly arranged on the incomplete gear pivot; the first incomplete gear is in meshed connection with the spur rack; a first gear is arranged between the second incomplete gear and the spur rack, and the first gear is respectively in meshed connection with the second incomplete gear and the spur rack; the tooth surfaces of the first incomplete gear and the second incomplete gear are staggered with each other.
In the above-mentioned auxiliary mud removing device for pile pulling of an ocean platform, a plurality of mud guide pieces are fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the shell around the axis of the shell.
In the auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of the ocean platform, an electromagnet is fixedly arranged at one end of each half shell, and the two half shells are detachably connected through the electromagnet.
In the above auxiliary mud removing device for pile pulling of the ocean platform, the second driving mechanism comprises a semicircular rack and a second motor; the second motor output shaft is meshed and connected with the semicircular rack through a second gear; the semicircular rack is rotatably arranged on the bottom of the shell and is positioned above the arc-shaped through groove; the lower side surface of the semicircular rack is fixedly connected with a mud discharging blade fixing plate positioned below the arc-shaped through groove through a connecting rod, and the mud discharging blade fixing plate is fixedly connected with a mud discharging blade; when the two half shell bodies are spliced to form the shell, the end parts of the two semicircular racks in the shell are spliced one by one to form the circular racks.
In the above-mentioned auxiliary mud removing device for pile pulling of the ocean platform, the shell is connected with a plurality of fixing ropes.
In the above auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of the ocean platform, two mounting frames are fixedly arranged on the upper side surface of the shell and are symmetrically arranged along the axis of the shell; a roller wheel bracket is arranged on each mounting frame in a sliding manner, one end of each roller wheel bracket extends out of the side surface of the mounting frame facing the channel, and the other end of each roller wheel bracket is movably arranged in the mounting frame; the end part of the roller bracket extending out of the mounting rack is provided with a roller; two guide grooves are vertically formed in the pile leg respectively; when the shell is installed on the pile leg, the two rollers are respectively arranged in a guide groove in a rolling mode.
In the auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of the ocean platform, a compression spring is arranged in each mounting frame, one end of each compression spring is pressed against the bottom of the mounting frame, and the other end of each compression spring is pressed against the end part, located in the mounting frame, of the roller support; and under the action of the compression springs, the rollers are pressed against the bottoms of the respective guide grooves.
In the above auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of the ocean platform, a mud scraper is fixedly arranged on the side surface of each mounting frame facing the channel, and the mud scraper is positioned below the roller; when the shell is installed on the pile leg, the lower end of the mud scraper extends into a guide groove.
Compared with the prior art, the device has the following advantages:
1. the housing moves down the legs under gravity, activating the first drive mechanism, the high pressure water pump and the second drive mechanism before the housing falls to the seabed. The first driving mechanism drives the semi-annular plate to slide up and down, and the semi-annular plate drives the sludge insertion tube. During the up-and-down movement process of the sludge insertion pipe, sludge on the seabed is inserted, so that holes are formed in the sludge around the pile legs, and the sludge is loosened. Meanwhile, external seawater sequentially passes through the water inlet pipe, the water tank, the drain pipe, the high-pressure water pump and the water spraying channel to form high-pressure water spraying, the high-pressure water spraying is discharged into a hole formed by the sludge insertion pipe, sludge around the hole is scattered, the sludge around the pile leg is further loosened, and the sludge loosening area is enlarged. As the housing moves downwardly, the mud discharge blades rotate to remove mud from around the hole, thereby further removing mud from around the legs. In the process, the silt inserting pipe penetrates through the seabed silt to form a hole, then the silt around the hole is dispersed through high-pressure water jet, then the silt around the pile leg is further removed through the silt discharging blades, the silt around the pile leg is removed from point to surface, the removing efficiency of the silt around the pile leg is greatly improved, the resistance borne by the pile leg during pile pulling is obviously reduced, and the pile pulling work efficiency is improved. Meanwhile, the structure avoids silt from blocking the water spraying channel, and effectively improves the working efficiency of high-pressure water spraying. The whole weight of the shell is increased on one hand due to the arrangement of the water tank; on the other hand, when external seawater enters the water tank through the water inlet pipe under the action of the high-pressure water pump, the seawater impacts the water tank to enable the shell to still receive vertical downward acting force, the structure is favorable for improving the working efficiency of the sludge insertion pipe, and the sludge insertion pipe is easier to penetrate through sludge on the seabed.
2. The high pressure water spray from the high pressure nozzles further breaks up the sludge around the housing and discharges the sludge to the surroundings. The structure not only further reduces the accumulation amount of sludge around the pile leg, but also effectively reduces the sludge backfill amount, and effectively improves the working efficiency of pile pulling.
3. The mud guide sheet is arranged to help loosen the mud around the shell, so that the high-pressure water sprayed by the high-pressure nozzle effectively disperses the mud around the shell, and the working efficiency of the high-pressure nozzle is improved. In addition, the mud guiding sheet is helpful to improve the stability of the device in the downward moving process.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a sectional view of the structure at a-a in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a partially enlarged view B of fig. 1.
In the figure, 1, a pile leg; 11. a guide groove; 12. a pile shoe; 2. a housing; 21. a channel; 22. a through hole; 23. a half shell; 231. an electromagnet; 232. a controller; 24. fixing a rope; 25. an arc-shaped through groove; 3. a semi-annular plate; 31. inserting a sludge pipe; 32. a water spray channel; 33. straight rack; 34. an incomplete gear pivot; 341. a first incomplete gear; 342. a second incomplete gear; 35. a first gear; 351. a first gear pivot; 36. a first motor; 37. a limiting chute; 4. a sludge discharge blade; 41. a semicircular rack; 411. a mud discharging blade fixing plate; 42. a second motor; 43. a second gear; 5. a water tank; 51. a high pressure water pump; 511. a water inlet pipe; 512. a drain pipe; 513. a three-way valve; 52. a high pressure nozzle; 53. a drain hose; 6. a mounting frame; 61. a roller bracket; 62. a roller; 63. a compression spring; 64. a mud scraper; 7. and a mud guiding sheet.
Detailed Description
The following are specific embodiments of the present invention and are further described with reference to the drawings, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, an auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of an ocean platform comprises:
the lower side surface of each half shell 23 is provided with an arc-shaped through groove 25, the two half shells 23 are spliced to form a shell 2, the shell 2 is in a circular truncated cone shape with a large upper part and a small lower part, the axial direction of the shell 2 is provided with a channel 21 matched with the cross section of the spud leg 1, and the end parts of the two arc-shaped through grooves 25 correspond to each other one by one and are communicated to form an annular groove; a limiting sliding groove 37 communicated with the interior of the half shell 23 is vertically formed in the inner side surface of each half shell 23;
the two semi-annular plates 3 are respectively arranged outside the limiting sliding groove 37 in a sliding manner; a plurality of sludge inserting pipes 31 with conical lower ends are vertically and fixedly arranged on the lower side surface of each semi-annular plate 3, and the lower ends of the sludge inserting pipes 31 extend to the lower part of the shell 2; a water tank 5 is arranged on the upper side surface of each half shell 23, a high-pressure water pump 51 is arranged in each half shell 23, a water inlet pipe 511 is connected to the water inlet end of the water tank 5, the water outlet end of the water tank 5 is connected with the water inlet end of the high-pressure water pump 51 through a water outlet pipe 512, and a water outlet hose 53 is connected to the water outlet end of the high-pressure water pump 51; the sludge inserting pipe 31 is internally provided with a water spraying channel 32, the upper end of the water spraying channel 32 is connected with a drainage hose 53, the inner wall of the lower port of the water spraying channel 32 penetrates through the lower end of the sludge inserting pipe 31 and the port faces the outer side of the shell 2; each half shell 23 is internally provided with a first driving mechanism which can drive the half-ring plate 3 on the half shell 23 to slide up and down; the high-pressure water pump 51 is electrically connected with a power supply; the power supply may be a storage battery 233 provided in the housing 2, or may be an external power supply.
The sludge discharge blades 4 are arranged below the arc-shaped through grooves 25; and a second driving mechanism capable of driving the sludge discharge blades 4 to rotate and clean sludge is arranged in each half shell 23. Before the pile is pulled out, the two half shells 23 surround the periphery of the leg 1 and the two half shells 23 are split to form the shell 2, so that the leg 1 is located in the channel 21. The housing 2 moves down along the leg 1 under gravity, and the first drive mechanism, the high pressure water pump 51 and the second drive mechanism are activated simultaneously before the housing 2 falls to the seabed. The first driving mechanism drives the semi-annular plate 3 to slide up and down, and the semi-annular plate 3 drives the sludge insertion pipe 31. During the up-and-down movement of the sludge insertion pipe 31, sludge on the seabed is inserted, so that the sludge around the pile leg 1 forms a hole and loosens the sludge. Meanwhile, the external seawater sequentially passes through the water inlet pipe 511, the water tank 5, the water discharge pipe 512, the high-pressure water pump 51 and the water spray passage 32 to form high-pressure water spray, and the high-pressure water spray is discharged into a hole formed by the sludge insertion pipe 31 to disperse sludge around the hole, further loosen the sludge around the pile leg 1, and enlarge the sludge loosening area. As the shell 2 moves downwards the mud discharge blades 4 rotate to remove mud around the hole and thus further around the leg 1.
In the process, the silt inserting pipe 31 penetrates through the seabed silt to form a hole, then the silt around the hole is dispersed through high-pressure water jet, then the silt around the pile leg 1 is further removed through the silt discharging blades 4, the silt around the pile leg 1 is removed from point to surface, the removing efficiency of the silt around the pile leg 1 is greatly improved, the resistance borne by the pile leg during pile pulling is remarkably reduced, and the pile pulling work efficiency is improved. Meanwhile, the structure prevents the silt from blocking the water spraying channel 32, and effectively improves the working efficiency of high-pressure water spraying. The water tank 5 is arranged to increase the overall weight of the housing 2; on the other hand, when the external seawater enters the water tank 5 through the inlet pipe 511 by the high pressure water pump 51, the seawater impacts the water tank 5 to make the housing 2 still receive a vertically downward force, which helps to improve the working efficiency of the sludge insertion pipe 31, so that the sludge insertion pipe 31 is more easily inserted into the sludge on the seabed. The provision of the truncated-cone-shaped housing 2 helps to reduce the drag caused by the silt and seawater when the apparatus is moved downwards.
Specifically, a plurality of through holes 22 are formed in the outer wall of the shell 2 around the axis of the shell 2; a high-pressure nozzle 52 is arranged in each through hole 22; the water inlet end of the high-pressure nozzle 52 is communicated with the water outlet end of the high-pressure water pump 51 through a three-way valve 513, the other port of the three-way valve 513 is connected with a water outlet hose 53, and the water outlet end of each high-pressure nozzle 52 faces the outside of the shell 2.
The high-pressure water spray sprayed from the high-pressure spray nozzle 52 further disperses the sludge around the housing 2 and discharges the sludge to the surroundings. The structure not only further reduces the accumulation amount of sludge around the pile leg 1, but also effectively reduces the sludge backfill amount, and further improves the working efficiency of pile pulling.
Specifically, the first driving mechanism comprises a spur rack 33 arranged in the half shell 23 in a vertically sliding manner and a first motor 36 arranged in the shell 2, the spur rack 33 is fixedly connected with the semi-annular plate 3, an output shaft of the first motor 36 is connected with an incomplete gear pivot 34 through a transmission mechanism, and a first incomplete gear 341 and a second incomplete gear 342 are coaxially and fixedly arranged on the incomplete gear pivot 34; the first incomplete gear 341 is in meshed connection with the spur rack 33; a first gear 35 is arranged between the second incomplete gear 342 and the spur rack 33, and the first gear 35 is respectively in meshed connection with the second incomplete gear 342 and the spur rack 33; the tooth surfaces of the first incomplete gear 341 and the second incomplete gear 342 are staggered from each other; the first motor 36 is electrically connected to a power source.
After the first motor 36 is activated, the output shaft of the first motor 36 drives the incomplete gear pivot 34 to rotate. The incomplete gear pivot 34 drives the first incomplete gear 341 and the second incomplete gear 342 to rotate synchronously. The first incomplete gear 341 moves the spur rack 33, and the second incomplete gear 342 is disconnected from the first gear 35. When the first incomplete gear 341 is disconnected from the spur rack 33, the second incomplete gear 342 is in meshed connection with the first gear 35. The spur rack 33 is driven by the first gear 35 to perform a reverse motion. The straight rack 33 is driven by the first incomplete gear 341, the second incomplete gear 342 and the first gear 35 to reciprocate up and down, so that the sludge inserting pipe 31 penetrates the seabed sludge.
Alternatively, the first drive mechanism comprises a stepper motor and a spur rack 33 slidably arranged up and down in the half-shell 23, said stepper motor being in meshing connection with the spur rack 33 via a gear transmission. This structure drives spur rack 33 through step motor and slides from top to bottom, and simple structure easily installs.
Specifically, three mud guiding sheets 7 are fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the shell 2 around the axis of the shell 2.
The arrangement of the sludge guide sheet 7 is helpful for loosening the sludge around the shell 2, so that the high-pressure water sprayed by the high-pressure nozzle 52 effectively disperses the sludge around the shell 2, and the working efficiency of the high-pressure nozzle 52 is improved. In addition, the mud guiding plate 7 helps to improve the stability of the device during downward movement.
Specifically, an electromagnet 231 is fixedly arranged at one end of each half shell 23, and the two half shells 23 are detachably connected through the electromagnet 231. A controller 232 is arranged in the housing 2, and the controller 232 is electrically connected with the electromagnet 231 through a power supply.
The provision of the electromagnet 231 facilitates the mounting and dismounting of the two half-shells 23.
Specifically, the second driving mechanism includes a semicircular rack 41 and a second motor 42; the output shaft of the second motor 42 is meshed and connected with the semicircular rack 41 through a second gear 43; the semicircular rack 41 is rotatably arranged at the bottom of the shell 2, and the semicircular rack 41 is positioned above the arc-shaped through groove 25; the lower side surface of the semicircular rack 41 is fixedly connected with a mud discharging blade fixing plate 411 positioned below the arc-shaped through groove 25 through a connecting rod, and the mud discharging blade fixing plate 411 is fixedly connected with the mud discharging blade 4; when the two half shells 23 are spliced together to form the shell 2, the end parts of the two semicircular racks 41 in the shell 2 are spliced together one by one to form a circular rack; the second motor 42 is electrically connected to a power source.
The second motor 42 drives the circular rack to rotate through the second gear 43, and the circular rack drives the mud discharging blades 4, so that the mud discharging blades 4 remove mud below the shell 2 and on the periphery of the shell 2, further removal of the mud around the pile leg 1 is realized, the accumulation amount of the mud around the pile leg 1 is reduced, and the resistance in the pile pulling process is effectively reduced.
Specifically, four fixing ropes 24 are connected to the housing 2.
The provision of the securing line 24 facilitates retrieval of the apparatus from the seabed.
Specifically, two mounting brackets 6 are fixedly arranged on the upper side surface of the shell 2, and the two mounting brackets 6 are symmetrically arranged along the axis of the shell 2; a roller bracket 61 is slidably arranged on each mounting frame 6, one end of the roller bracket 61 extends out of the side surface of the mounting frame 6 facing the channel 21, and the other end of the roller bracket 61 is arranged in the mounting frame 6; the end part of the roller bracket 61 extending out of the mounting frame 6 is provided with a roller 62; two guide grooves 11 are vertically formed in the pile leg 1 respectively; when the shell 2 is mounted on the leg 1, the two rollers 62 are respectively arranged in a guide groove 11 in a rolling manner. When the shell 2 is mounted on the pile leg 1, the roller 62 plays a role in guiding, so that the stability of the shell 2 is improved; the provision of the guide grooves 11 helps the device to move up and down on the leg 1 and avoids rotation of the shell 2 in the circumferential direction.
Specifically, a pressing spring 63 is arranged in each mounting frame 6, one end of each pressing spring 63 is pressed against the bottom of the mounting frame 6, and the other end of each pressing spring 63 is pressed against the end, located in the mounting frame 6, of the roller bracket 61; under the action of the compression spring 63, the rollers 62 are pressed against the bottom of the respective guide grooves 11.
When the device moves downwards, the roller 62 passes through the attachments in the guide groove 11, and the roller 62 is pressed to enable the roller bracket 61 to retract into the mounting frame 6; at the same time, the roller bracket 61 compresses the pressing spring 63. When the housing 2 passes through the attachment, the roller bracket 61 is restored to its original shape by the pressing spring 63. This structure avoids the device to lock on the spud leg 1.
Specifically, a mud scraper 64 is fixedly arranged on the side surface of each mounting frame 6 facing the channel 21, and the mud scraper 64 is positioned below the roller 62; the lower end of the wiper blade 64 extends into a guide groove 11 when the shell 2 is mounted on the leg 1.
The provision of the scraper 64 helps to remove the attachments below the roller 62, allowing the apparatus to move downward in a steady manner.
The specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the spirit of the invention. Various modifications or additions may be made to the described embodiments or alternatives may be employed by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit or ambit of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an ocean platform pile pulling assists clear mud device which characterized in that includes:
the pile leg supporting structure comprises two half shells (23), wherein an arc-shaped through groove (25) is formed in the lower side surface of each half shell (23), the two half shells (23) are spliced to form a shell (2), the shell (2) is in a circular truncated cone shape with a large upper part and a small lower part, a channel (21) matched with the cross section of a pile leg (1) is axially arranged on the shell (2), and the end parts of the two arc-shaped through grooves (25) correspond to each other one by one and are communicated to form an annular groove; a limiting sliding groove (37) communicated with the interior of each half shell (23) is vertically formed in the inner side surface of each half shell (23);
the two semi-annular plates (3) are respectively arranged outside the limiting sliding groove (37) in a sliding manner; a plurality of sludge insertion pipes (31) with conical lower ends are vertically and fixedly arranged on the lower side surface of each semi-annular plate (3), and the lower ends of the sludge insertion pipes (31) extend to the lower part of the shell (2); each half shell (23) is provided with a water tank (5) and a high-pressure water pump (51), the water inlet end of the water tank (5) is connected with a water inlet pipe (511), the water outlet end of the water tank (5) is connected with the water inlet end of the high-pressure water pump (51) through a water outlet pipe (512), and the water outlet end of the high-pressure water pump (51) is connected with a water outlet hose (53); the sludge insertion pipe (31) is internally provided with a water spraying channel (32), the upper end of the water spraying channel (32) is connected with a drainage hose (53), the inner wall of the lower port of the water spraying channel (32) penetrates through the lower end of the sludge insertion pipe (31) and the port faces the outer side of the shell (2); a first driving mechanism capable of driving the semi-annular plate (3) on each semi-shell (23) to slide up and down is arranged in each semi-shell (23);
the sludge discharging blades (4) are arranged below the arc-shaped through grooves (25); each half shell (23) is internally provided with a second driving mechanism which can drive the mud discharging blades (4) to rotate and clean mud.
2. The auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of the ocean platform as claimed in claim 1, wherein the outer wall of the shell (2) is provided with a plurality of through holes (22) around the axis of the shell (2); a high-pressure nozzle (52) is arranged in each through hole (22); the water inlet end of the high-pressure nozzle (52) is communicated with the water discharge end of the high-pressure water pump (51) through a three-way valve (513), and the water discharge end of each high-pressure nozzle (52) faces the outside of the shell (2).
3. The auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of the offshore platform as recited in claim 2, wherein the first driving mechanism comprises a spur rack (33) which is arranged in the half shell (23) in a vertically sliding manner and a first motor (36) which is arranged in the shell (2), the spur rack (33) is fixedly connected with the half annular plate (3), an output shaft of the first motor (36) is connected with an incomplete gear pivot (34) through a transmission mechanism, and a first incomplete gear (341) and a second incomplete gear (342) are coaxially and fixedly arranged on the incomplete gear pivot (34); the first incomplete gear (341) is in meshed connection with the spur rack (33); a first gear (35) is arranged between the second incomplete gear (342) and the straight rack (33), and the first gear (35) is respectively in meshed connection with the second incomplete gear (342) and the straight rack (33); the tooth surfaces of the first incomplete gear (341) and the second incomplete gear (342) are staggered with each other.
4. The auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of the ocean platform as claimed in claim 3, wherein a plurality of mud guiding sheets (7) are fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the shell (2) around the axis of the shell (2).
5. An auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of an offshore platform according to claim 4, wherein an electromagnet (231) is fixed on one end of each half shell (23), and the two half shells (23) are detachably connected through the electromagnet (231).
6. An auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of an ocean platform according to claim 5, wherein the second driving mechanism comprises a semicircular rack (41) and a second motor (42); the output shaft of the second motor (42) is meshed and connected with the semicircular rack (41) through a second gear (43); the semicircular rack (41) is rotatably arranged at the bottom of the shell (2) and the semicircular rack (41) is positioned above the arc-shaped through groove (25); the lower side surface of the semicircular rack (41) is fixedly connected with a mud discharging blade fixing plate (411) positioned below the arc-shaped through groove (25) through a connecting rod, and the mud discharging blade fixing plate (411) is fixedly connected with a mud discharging blade (4); when the two half shells (23) are spliced to form the shell (2), the end parts of two semicircular racks (41) in the shell (2) are spliced one by one to form a circular rack.
7. An auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of ocean platform according to claim 6, characterized in that a plurality of fixing ropes (24) are connected to the housing (2).
8. The auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of the ocean platform according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein two mounting frames (6) are fixedly arranged on the upper side surface of the shell (2) and the two mounting frames (6) are symmetrically arranged with respect to the axis of the shell (2); a roller bracket (61) is arranged on each mounting frame (6) in a sliding manner, one end of each roller bracket (61) extends out of the side surface of the mounting frame (6) facing the channel (21), and the other end of each roller bracket (61) is arranged in the mounting frame (6); the end part of the roller bracket (61) extending out of the mounting rack (6) is provided with a roller (62); two guide grooves (11) are respectively vertically formed in the pile leg (1); when the shell (2) is installed on the pile leg (1), the two rollers (62) are respectively arranged in a guide groove (11) in a rolling mode.
9. The auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of the ocean platform as claimed in claim 8, wherein a compression spring (63) is arranged in each mounting frame (6), one end of the compression spring (63) is pressed against the bottom of the mounting frame (6), and the other end of the compression spring (63) is pressed against the end of the roller bracket (61) in the mounting frame (6); under the action of the pressing spring (63), the rollers (62) are pressed against the bottoms of the respective guide grooves (11).
10. An auxiliary mud cleaning device for pile pulling of an ocean platform according to claim 9, wherein a mud scraper (64) is fixedly arranged on the side surface of each mounting frame (6) facing the channel (21) and the mud scraper (64) is positioned below the roller (62); when the shell (2) is mounted on the pile leg (1), the lower end of the mud scraper (64) extends into a guide groove (11).
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CN114657988A (en) * 2022-04-01 2022-06-24 南京工业大学 Magnetic type auxiliary pile pulling equipment utilizing high-pressure water jet and construction method
CN114769179A (en) * 2022-06-07 2022-07-22 江苏海通海洋工程装备有限公司 Dirt removing device for pile leg of marine platform

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