CN110682112A - Horizontal five-axis machining center of board turns over - Google Patents

Horizontal five-axis machining center of board turns over Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110682112A
CN110682112A CN201910858515.8A CN201910858515A CN110682112A CN 110682112 A CN110682112 A CN 110682112A CN 201910858515 A CN201910858515 A CN 201910858515A CN 110682112 A CN110682112 A CN 110682112A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
workbench
supporting
positioning
base
column
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Pending
Application number
CN201910858515.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卢杰
严伟
杨道雷
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Ningbo Haitian Seiko Co Ltd
Ningbo Haitian Precision Machinery Co Ltd
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Ningbo Haitian Seiko Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910858515.8A priority Critical patent/CN110682112A/en
Publication of CN110682112A publication Critical patent/CN110682112A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/01Frames, beds, pillars or like members; Arrangement of ways
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • B23Q3/082Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated hydraulically actuated

Abstract

The invention discloses a horizontal turnover plate five-axis machining center which comprises a workbench supporting mechanism, a workbench base, a workbench turnover mechanism, a machine tool body column, a sliding saddle, a sliding pillow, an AC swing head, a chain type chip cleaner, a chip cleaner and a water tank. The machining center is reasonable in layout, convenient to install, debug, maintain and maintain, and capable of guaranteeing that a machine tool has enough rigidity and good dynamic characteristics in the whole machining stroke, so that the main shaft can keep good cutting performance at any position in the stroke range, and the machining precision of workpieces is improved.

Description

Horizontal five-axis machining center of board turns over
Technical Field
The invention relates to a machining center, in particular to a horizontal turnover plate five-axis machining center.
Background
The large-scale aluminum alloy structural part of aviation has the characteristics of large metal removal rate, large part size and large specification, high manufacturing precision and the majority of large part size and large part size are integral thin-wall structural parts, and the required processing equipment can meet the following requirements: high-speed and high-efficiency processing technology; the main shaft is high-speed and high-power; high rigidity and high precision; and (4) multi-axis linkage.
In the conventional gantry machine tool vertical machining center, because a workpiece is horizontally placed, a large amount of high-temperature cutting scraps generated in the machining process are accumulated in a thin-wall structure of the workpiece and cannot be discharged in time, secondary thermal deformation and secondary cutting of the workpiece are easily caused, and the machining precision of the workpiece and the service life of a cutter are seriously influenced; when the turnover plate horizontal five-axis machining center is used for machining, a workpiece is vertically placed, and cutting scraps generated in the machining process can be smoothly discharged under the action of gravity after being turned over on the workbench, so that the problems of secondary thermal deformation and secondary cutting of the workpiece are solved, the machining precision of the workpiece is greatly improved, the service life of a cutter is greatly prolonged, and the turnover plate horizontal five-axis machining center becomes a new choice for machining large-scale aviation aluminum alloy structural members.
The arrangement form of the existing flap horizontal five-axis machining center is generally divided into two types: firstly, a vertical column is fixed during machining, a workbench moves in the X direction, a spindle box is hung on the upper side of the vertical column to move in the Y direction and the Z direction, and five-axis machining is realized by matching with an AC swing head on the spindle box; after the workbench is moved to the outside of the machine tool, the workbench can be turned to a horizontal position through the turnover mechanism, so that the workpiece can be clamped conveniently, and during machining, the workbench is rotated by 90 degrees to a vertical position and then moved into a machining area for machining. Secondly, the workbench is fixed during machining, the upright post moves in the X direction, the main spindle box is hung on the upper side of the upright post to move in the Y direction and the Z direction, and five-axis machining is realized by matching with an AC swing head on the main spindle box; the workstation can make things convenient for the work piece clamping to the outside upset of lathe to horizontal position through tilting mechanism, adds man-hour, and tilting mechanism is rotatory 90 degrees to vertical position with the workstation earlier, and it is fixed to resume processing station again, processes.
The existing turning plate horizontal five-axis machining center with the modes of upright post fixing and workbench moving during machining has the following problems:
1) the size in the length direction is large, the requirement on the field is high, because the workbench moves, and the external turnover mechanism and the parallel conveying mechanism for conveying the workbench from the machining area to the turnover area are added, the length of the machine tool in the X direction at least needs to be more than 3.5 times of the stroke in the X direction, and the development of the machining center structure in the large stroke direction is limited;
2) the workbench has large mass, the workbench needs to finish a plurality of actions such as translation, turnover and the like, and the corresponding moving mechanism has complex structure and high precision requirement;
3) the overall mass and the center of gravity of the moving part (the worktable and the workpiece thereon) change according to the change of different workpieces, and in the processing process of the same workpiece, the overall mass and the center of gravity of the moving part also change continuously along with the progress of processing operation, so that the inertia ratio of a driving motor is not facilitated, the dynamic characteristic of a machine tool is influenced, and further the processing precision of the workpiece is reduced.
The existing turning plate horizontal five-axis machining center with a fixed workbench and a movable upright post during machining has the following problems:
1) the workbench turnover mechanism is arranged at the lower part of the workbench, and in order to ensure the height of the whole machine, the turnover mechanism is usually installed in a pit, and the pit needs to be dug, so that the installation cost is increased, the installation difficulty is improved, and the later maintenance and repair are not facilitated;
2) the worktable turnover mechanism usually uses a hydraulic oil cylinder as a driving force, and because the turnover milling machine needs two supporting arms to move synchronously, the hydraulic oil cylinder has low synchronous control precision, and the worktable is easy to vibrate irregularly. Because the quality of the turnover plate milling workpiece changes greatly, the turnover speed of the workbench is adjusted according to the quality of the workpiece so as to reduce the processing takt as much as possible, but the speed regulation capability of a hydraulic system is poor;
3) the main shaft is laterally hung on the upright post, so that the requirement on the rigidity of the whole machine is high, the thermal stability is poor, the upright post is in an unbalance loading state and is easy to deform, and the precision loss is caused;
4) because the side hanging box is limited in structure, the width of the upright post is narrow, the power distribution span of X-direction movement of the upright post is small, and the center of the main shaft is positioned outside the supporting point of the upright post;
5) the top of the upright column is lack of support, and due to the characteristics of a workpiece machined by the plate turnover machine, the machining areas are uniformly distributed at all positions of a stroke, and when high-speed machining operation is performed within the range of the stroke of the upper part, the dynamic characteristic of a machine tool is influenced due to the fact that the driving motor of the upright column is arranged at the bottom, the center of gravity of a moving part is high, and further the machining precision of the workpiece is reduced.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of providing a turnover plate horizontal five-axis machining center aiming at the defects of the prior art, the machining center is reasonable in layout, convenient to install, debug, maintain and maintain, and capable of ensuring that a machine tool has enough rigidity and better dynamic characteristics in the whole machining stroke, so that a main shaft can keep good cutting performance at any position in the stroke range, and the machining precision of a workpiece is improved.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: a horizontal five-axis machining center with a turnover plate comprises a workbench supporting mechanism, a workbench base, a workbench turnover mechanism, a machine tool body column, a sliding saddle, a sliding pillow, an AC swing head, a chain chip cleaner, a scrap iron vehicle and a water tank, wherein the workbench supporting mechanism is of a bilaterally symmetrical frame-shaped structure, the machine tool body column, the sliding saddle, the sliding pillow and the AC swing head are of bilaterally symmetrical structures, the workbench supporting mechanism is provided with a workbench positioning and clamping mechanism, the workbench is horizontally placed on the workbench base, the workbench base is arranged at the front side of the workbench supporting mechanism, the workbench turnover mechanism is arranged on the workbench supporting mechanism, the rear end of the workbench supporting mechanism is fixed with a plurality of bottom connectors, the machine tool body is fixed on the bottom connectors, the lower extreme of lathe bed stand install to the slidable ground along lathe X through X to main actuating mechanism the lathe bed on, the upper end of lathe bed stand install to slidable ground along lathe X through X to auxiliary actuating mechanism the workstation supporting mechanism's top, the saddle install to slidable ground along lathe Y through Y to actuating mechanism the middle part of lathe bed stand, the ram install to slidable ground along lathe Z through Z to actuating mechanism the saddle on, AC yaw install the ram on, the chain chip cleaner install the top of a plurality of bottom connectors and be located AC yaw's below, the iron fillings car with the water tank install subaerial respectively.
In the turnover plate horizontal five-axis machining center, the workbench supporting mechanism, the bottom connecting body, the machine tool body upright post and the like form an integral frame structure together, so that the integral structure stability of the machine tool is favorably kept, particularly, the machine tool body upright post is supported from top to bottom and is driven from top to bottom simultaneously, the machine tool can be ensured to have enough rigidity and better dynamic characteristics in the whole machining stroke, and a main shaft can keep good cutting performance at any position in the stroke range.
Because the lathe bed upright post, the sliding saddle, the ram, the AC swing head and other parts of the turnover plate horizontal five-axis machining center are all of symmetrical structures, the integral gravity center X direction of the lathe bed upright post is always kept on the central shaft of the main shaft, any position in the stroke range of the Y direction and the Z direction is ensured through integral reasonable layout, the integral gravity center Z direction of the lathe bed upright post is always within the support span of the lathe bed upright post, the influence of the main shaft movement on the integral gravity center of the lathe bed upright post is small, the forward tilting of the lathe bed upright post can be avoided, meanwhile, the precision loss caused by thermal deformation can be reduced through the symmetrical structure of the lathe bed upright post, the dynamic characteristic of the lathe is further improved.
The whole machine waterproof and chip-proof design of the horizontal five-axis machining center of the turning plate is simple, the chain chip cleaner is installed above the bottom connector, and a certain ground clearance is reserved, so that the iron chip vehicle and the water tank can be installed on the ground, the horizontal five-axis machining center of the turning plate does not need to dig a pit for installation, the installation cost can be saved, the installation period of a machine tool is shortened, and the installation, the debugging, the maintenance and the maintenance are convenient.
Preferably, the worktable supporting mechanism comprises a supporting top beam, a positioning base, a left supporting upright post, a right supporting upright post and a supporting base, the left supporting upright post and the right supporting upright post are respectively vertically installed at the tops of the two ends of the supporting base, the supporting top beam is installed at the tops of the left supporting upright post and the right supporting upright post in a crossing manner, the positioning top beam is installed at the bottom of the supporting top beam, the positioning base is installed at the top of the supporting base, the positioning top beam and the positioning base are arranged at intervals from top to bottom, the worktable overturning mechanism comprises two overturning units, the two overturning units are symmetrically installed on the supporting base from left to right, the worktable base is located between the two overturning units, and a plurality of bottom connectors are fixed at the rear end of the supporting base, the upper end of the bed body upright post is slidably arranged on the supporting top beam along the X direction of the machine tool through the X-direction auxiliary driving mechanism. The structural design can ensure the integral rigidity of the worktable supporting mechanism and the reliable supporting effect on the worktable.
Preferably, each overturning unit is provided with a plurality of workbench grabbing units, and each overturning unit comprises a servo motor, a speed reducer, a screw rod, a nut, a connecting rod, a supporting arm and a base; the servo motor is arranged at one end of the supporting arm, the other end of the supporting arm is rotatably connected with the base through a first bearing, the speed reducer is arranged at the output end of the servo motor, one end of the screw rod is connected with the speed reducer, the other end of the screw rod is arranged on the supporting arm, the screw nut is in threaded connection with the screw rod, one end of the connecting rod is rotatably connected with the screw nut through a second bearing, the other end of the connecting rod is rotatably connected with the base through a third bearing, and the base is fixed on the supporting base; the support arm on install the support arm guide rail, the support arm guide rail follow the length direction setting of lead screw, the screw on install the slider, slider slidable ground install the support arm guide rail on. The workbench turnover mechanism is driven by a servo motor, synchronous driving of turnover units on two sides can be guaranteed, the workbench can be stably turned over, and positioning accuracy of the workbench is guaranteed. Because the servo motor has accurate speed regulation capability, the turnover speed can be adjusted according to the weight of the workpiece clamped on the workbench, the processing beat is reduced, the synchronism and the repeated position precision of the actions of the supporting arms at two sides are ensured, and the processing precision of the workpiece is ensured. In the initial state that the workpiece needs to be clamped, the workbench is horizontally placed on the workbench base, and the supporting arms are folded. When the workbench needs to be turned over, the plurality of workbench grabbing units grab the workbench, the workbench grabbing, then the servo motor works, the servo motor amplifies the torque through the speed reducer, power is transmitted to the lead screw, the lead screw is driven to rotate and the nut is driven to move along the support arm guide rail, when the nut moves, the connecting rod is driven to rotate, the central point of the second bearing rotates around the central point of the third bearing, the support arm is driven to rotate around the central point of the first bearing through the rotation of the connecting rod, the workbench is turned over to the vertical position until the support arm is completely opened.
Preferably, each workbench grabbing unit comprises a grabbing oil cylinder arranged on the supporting arm, a positioning support column is arranged at the output end of each grabbing oil cylinder, positioning blocks corresponding to the positioning support columns in a one-to-one mode are fixedly arranged on the left side and the right side of each workbench respectively, a positioning hole is formed in each positioning block, and in the overturning process of the workbench, when the workbench grabbing units grab the workbench, each positioning support column is inserted into one positioning hole. When the workbench needs to be grabbed, the positioning support columns are respectively inserted into the positioning holes, so that the X-direction positioning support of the workbench is realized.
Preferably, the workbench positioning and clamping mechanism comprises two workbench coarse positioning units, a workbench fine positioning unit and a plurality of workbench positioning and clamping units, the two workbench coarse positioning units are bilaterally symmetrically arranged on the left supporting upright and the right supporting upright, each workbench coarse positioning unit comprises a coarse positioning oil cylinder, and a coarse positioning pin is arranged at the output end of each coarse positioning oil cylinder; the workbench fine positioning unit is arranged on the left supporting upright post and comprises a fine positioning oil cylinder, and a fine positioning pin is arranged at the output end of the fine positioning oil cylinder; the utility model discloses a positioning top beam, including workstation location clamping unit, locating base, locating top beam and locating base on laid a plurality of workstation location clamping unit respectively, every workstation location clamping unit including location clamping cylinder, every location clamping cylinder's output coupling have a briquetting, every location clamping cylinder's cylinder body on the coupling have two connecting plates of bilateral symmetry respectively, the front end of two connecting plates respectively with the well upper portion coupling of briquetting, the briquetting be located two connecting plates between, the top side and the bottom side of workstation set firmly respectively with each the stopper of briquetting one-to-one, workstation upset to vertical state when location clamping, accurate locating pin top tighten the left side of workstation, every the briquetting compress tightly the stopper. When a workpiece needs to be clamped, the workbench is horizontally placed on the workbench base, after the workpiece is clamped, the plurality of workbench grabbing units grab the workbench, after the workbench is overturned to a vertical position by the two overturning units, firstly, the two coarse positioning oil cylinders work, the coarse positioning pins positioned on two sides of the workbench extend to the workbench to perform coarse positioning on the workbench, at the moment, the workbench overturning mechanism is separated from the workbench, and the workbench returns to an initial horizontal position after being rotated by 90 degrees; then the work of smart positioning cylinder, smart locating pin stretches out, and is tight with the workstation top from left to right, makes the workstation lean on tight right support post, and a plurality of location clamp cylinder simultaneous workings afterwards, its output stretches out respectively, makes the polylith briquetting compress tightly the polylith stopper respectively, applys great clamp force respectively to the polylith stopper, realizes that the location to the workstation is tight, and the lathe can begin the processing operation this moment. After the workpiece is machined, the workbench turnover mechanism rotates 90 degrees to lift to a vertical state and grab the workbench again, meanwhile, the plurality of positioning clamping oil cylinders, the fine positioning oil cylinder and the two coarse positioning oil cylinders loosen the workbench, the workbench turnover mechanism grabs the workbench and rotates 90 degrees again, the workbench is taken back to the workbench base, and the machined workpiece is detached and the next round of workpiece to be machined is clamped.
Preferably, the X-direction main driving mechanism comprises two X-direction main driving units, the two X-direction main driving units are arranged on two sides of the bottom of the bed column in a bilateral symmetry manner, each X-direction main driving unit comprises an X-direction main driving motor and a first gear and rack transmission mechanism, an output end of the X-direction main driving motor is connected with an input end of the first gear and rack transmission mechanism, and an output end of the first gear and rack transmission mechanism is connected with the lower end of the bed column; two first X-direction guide rails are symmetrically arranged on the machine tool body in the front-back direction, and the lower end of the machine tool body column is slidably arranged on the two first X-direction guide rails. The two X-direction main driving units are respectively arranged on two sides of the bottom of the lathe bed upright post, so that the span of the lathe bed upright post can be increased, and the running stability of the lathe is improved.
Preferably, the X-direction auxiliary driving mechanism comprises two X-direction auxiliary driving units, the two X-direction auxiliary driving units are arranged at the top end of the bed column in a bilateral symmetry manner, each X-direction auxiliary driving unit comprises an X-direction auxiliary driving motor and a second rack and pinion transmission mechanism, an output end of the X-direction auxiliary driving motor is connected with an input end of the second rack and pinion transmission mechanism, and an output end of the second rack and pinion transmission mechanism is connected with the upper end of the bed column; two second X-direction guide rails are symmetrically arranged on the supporting top beam up and down, and the upper end of the bed body upright post is slidably arranged on the two second X-direction guide rails.
Preferably, the Y-direction driving mechanism comprises two Y-direction driving units, the two Y-direction driving units are arranged on two sides of the bed column in a bilateral symmetry manner, each Y-direction driving unit comprises a Y-direction driving motor and a Y-direction screw transmission mechanism, an output end of the Y-direction driving motor is connected with an input end of the Y-direction screw transmission mechanism, and two sides of the saddle are respectively connected with nuts of the two Y-direction screw transmission mechanisms; the lathe bed stand column is of a square-shaped frame structure, two Y-direction guide rails are symmetrically arranged on the two sides of the lathe bed stand column in the left-right direction, and two sides of the sliding saddle are slidably arranged on the two Y-direction guide rails and are located on the inner side of the square-shaped frame of the lathe bed stand column.
Preferably, the middle lower parts of the two sides of the bed body column are respectively and integrally provided with an X-direction widening block. The X-direction widening blocks on the two sides of the bed body upright post have the function of enabling the gravity center of the bed body upright post to move downwards, so that the supporting span of the bed body upright post can be further increased, and the machine tool can run more stably.
Preferably, the Z-direction driving mechanism comprises a Z-direction driving unit, the Z-direction driving unit is arranged at the bottom of the saddle, the Z-direction driving unit comprises a Z-direction driving motor and a Z-direction lead screw transmission mechanism, and the bottom end of the ram is connected with a nut of the Z-direction lead screw transmission mechanism; the four corners of the inner side of the saddle are symmetrically provided with four Z-direction guide rails, and the ram is slidably arranged on the four Z-direction guide rails.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
1. the machine tool upright column is driven up and down simultaneously through the X-direction auxiliary driving mechanism and the X-direction main driving mechanism, and the lower end and the upper end of the machine tool upright column are respectively and rigidly connected with the whole frame of the machine tool, so that the rigidity of the machine tool upright column during rapid movement is ensured, the main shaft has enough rigid support during processing at any position on the machine tool upright column, particularly the rigidity of the main shaft during processing at the upper end of the machine tool upright column is ensured, and the processing precision of a workpiece during processing at the upper end is ensured;
2. the worktable supporting mechanism, the bottom connecting body, the machine tool body upright post and the like form an integral frame structure together, so that the integral structure of the machine tool is kept stable, and the machine tool can be ensured to have enough rigidity and better dynamic characteristics in the whole processing stroke by combining the vertical rigid support and the vertical simultaneous driving of the machine tool body upright post, so that the main shaft can keep good cutting performance at any position in the stroke range;
3. the machine tool column, the sliding saddle, the ram, the AC swing head and other parts are all of symmetrical structures, so that the whole gravity center X direction of the machine tool column is always kept on the central shaft of the main shaft, any position in the stroke ranges of the Y direction and the Z direction is ensured through the overall reasonable layout, the whole gravity center Z direction of the machine tool column is always within the support span of the machine tool column, the deformation influence caused by unbalance loading can be avoided, the influence of the main shaft movement on the whole gravity center of the machine tool column is small, the machine tool column can be prevented from inclining forwards, meanwhile, the precision loss caused by thermal deformation can be reduced through the symmetrical structure of the whole machine tool column, the dynamic characteristic of the machine tool is further improved, and the processing;
4. the machine tool body can adopt a modular design, so that the expansion of X-direction stroke is facilitated, the influence on the overall dimension of the machine due to the increase of the X-direction stroke is small, and the requirement on an installation site is not high;
5. the waterproof anti-chip design of complete machine is comparatively simple, and the chain chip cleaner of adoption is installed in the top of bottom connector, has certain terrain clearance to iron fillings car and water tank can install subaerial, consequently this turn over the installation of board horizontal five-axis machining center whole need not digging the pit, can save installation cost, reduces lathe installation cycle, easy to assemble, debugging, maintenance and maintenance.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front side view of a plate turnover horizontal five-axis machining center with a horizontally placed worktable in an embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a front side view of the plate turnover horizontal five-axis machining center with the worktable in the vertical clamping state in the embodiment;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view taken at A in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along line I-I in FIG. 3 (at this time, the positioning and clamping cylinder positions and clamps the worktable);
FIG. 5 is a state diagram corresponding to FIG. 4 when the positioning and clamping cylinder is unclamping the worktable;
FIG. 6 is a rear side view of the plate turnover horizontal five-axis machining center with the worktable in the vertical clamping state in the embodiment;
FIG. 7 is a front side view of an embodiment of an assembly of a bed column with a bed of a machine tool;
fig. 8 is a rear side view of the assembly of the bed column with the bed of the machine tool in the example.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying examples.
The turning plate horizontal five-axis machining center of the embodiment comprises a workbench supporting mechanism 1, a workbench 2, a workbench base 20, a workbench turnover mechanism, a machine tool body 4, a machine tool body upright 5, a sliding saddle 61, a sliding pillow 62, an AC swinging head 63, a chain chip cleaner 71, a scrap iron vehicle 72 and a water tank 73, wherein the workbench supporting mechanism 1 is of a bilaterally symmetrical frame-shaped structure, the machine tool body upright 5, the sliding saddle 61, the sliding pillow 62 and the AC swinging head 63 are of bilaterally symmetrical structures, the workbench supporting mechanism 1 is provided with a workbench positioning and clamping mechanism, the workbench 2 is horizontally placed on the workbench base 20, the workbench base 20 is arranged on the front side of the workbench supporting mechanism 1 (in practical application, the workbench base 20 can be adjusted into a corresponding base form according to whether the workbench needs to be changed or not), the workbench turnover mechanism is arranged on the workbench supporting mechanism 1, two bottom connectors 10 are fixed at the rear end of the workbench supporting mechanism 1, the machine tool body 4 is fixed on the two bottom connectors 10, the lower end of the machine tool body upright post 5 is slidably mounted on the machine tool body 4 along the machine tool X direction through an X direction main driving mechanism, the upper end of the machine tool body upright post 5 is slidably mounted at the top of the workbench supporting mechanism 1 along the machine tool X direction through an X direction auxiliary driving mechanism, a sliding saddle 61 is slidably mounted at the middle part of the machine tool body upright post 5 along the machine tool Y direction through a Y direction driving mechanism, a sliding pillow 62 is slidably mounted on the sliding saddle 61 along the machine tool Z direction through a Z direction driving mechanism, an AC swing head 63 is mounted on the sliding pillow 62, a chain type chip cleaner 71 is mounted above the two bottom connectors 10 and below the AC swing head 63, and a chip car 72 and a water tank 73.
In this embodiment, the worktable supporting mechanism 1 comprises a supporting top beam 11, a positioning top beam 12 and a positioning base 13, left side support column 14, right side support column 15 and support base 16, left side support column 14 and right support column 15 are upright respectively and are installed at the top at the both ends of supporting base 16, support back timber 11 and span and install the top at left side support column 14 and right support column 15, location back timber 12 is installed in the bottom of supporting back timber 11, location base 13 is installed at the top of supporting base 16, location back timber 12 and location base 13 interval from top to bottom set up, workstation tilting mechanism includes two upset units 3, two 3 bilateral symmetry of upset unit are installed on supporting base 16, workstation base 20 is located between two upset units 3, two bottom connectors 10 are fixed at the rear end of supporting base 16, the upper end of lathe bed stand 5 is installed on supporting back timber 11 to slidable along lathe X through X to auxiliary driving mechanism.
In this embodiment, each overturning unit 3 is provided with two worktable grabbing units, and each overturning unit 3 comprises a servo motor 31, a speed reducer 32, a screw 33, a nut 34, a connecting rod 35, a supporting arm 36 and a base 37; the servo motor 31 is arranged at one end of a supporting arm 36, the other end of the supporting arm 36 is rotatably connected with a base 37 through a first bearing 38, the speed reducer 32 is arranged at the output end of the servo motor 31, one end of a screw 33 is connected with the speed reducer 32, the other end of the screw 33 is arranged on the supporting arm 36, a nut 34 is in threaded connection with the screw 33, one end of a connecting rod 35 is rotatably connected with the nut 34 through a second bearing 39, the other end of the connecting rod 35 is rotatably connected with the base 37 through a third bearing 30, and the base 37 is fixed on the supporting base 16; the support arm 36 is provided with a support arm guide rail (not shown), which is provided along the longitudinal direction of the screw 33, and the screw 34 is provided with a slider (not shown), which is slidably mounted on the support arm guide rail. Each workbench grabbing unit comprises a grabbing oil cylinder (not shown in the figure) arranged on the supporting arm 36, a positioning support column 81 is arranged at the output end of each grabbing oil cylinder, positioning blocks 21 corresponding to the positioning support columns 81 one to one are fixedly arranged on the left side and the right side of the workbench 2 respectively, one positioning hole 22 is formed in each positioning block 21, and in the overturning process of the workbench 2, when the four workbench grabbing units grab the workbench 2, each positioning support column 81 is inserted into one positioning hole 22.
In this embodiment, the worktable positioning and clamping mechanism comprises two worktable coarse positioning units, a worktable fine positioning unit and a plurality of worktable positioning and clamping units, the two worktable coarse positioning units are bilaterally symmetrically installed on the left supporting upright 14 and the right supporting upright 15, each worktable coarse positioning unit comprises a coarse positioning oil cylinder (not shown in the figure), and the output end of each coarse positioning oil cylinder is provided with a coarse positioning pin 82; a workbench fine positioning unit is arranged on the left supporting upright post 14 and comprises a fine positioning oil cylinder (not shown in the figure), and the output end of the fine positioning oil cylinder is provided with a fine positioning pin 83; three workbench positioning and clamping units are respectively arranged on the positioning top beam 12 and the positioning base 13, each workbench positioning and clamping unit comprises a positioning and clamping oil cylinder 84, the output end of each positioning and clamping oil cylinder 84 is connected with a pressing block 85 in a shaft mode, two connecting plates 86 which are bilaterally symmetrical are respectively connected on the cylinder body of each positioning and clamping oil cylinder 84 in a shaft mode, the front ends of the two connecting plates 86 are respectively connected with the middle upper portion of the pressing block 85 in a shaft mode, the pressing block 85 is located between the two connecting plates 86, limiting blocks 23 which are in one-to-one correspondence with the pressing blocks 85 are respectively fixedly arranged on the top side and the bottom side of the workbench 2, when the workbench 2 is turned to be in a vertical state and is positioned and clamped, a fine positioning pin 83 is tightly.
In this embodiment, the X-direction main driving mechanism includes two X-direction main driving units, the two X-direction main driving units are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the bottom of the bed column 5, each X-direction main driving unit includes an X-direction main driving motor 91 and a first rack-and-pinion transmission mechanism, an output end of the X-direction main driving motor 91 is connected with an input end of the first rack-and-pinion transmission mechanism, and an output end of the first rack-and-pinion transmission mechanism is connected with the lower end of the bed column 5; two first X-direction guide rails 41 are symmetrically arranged on the machine tool body 4 in a front-back manner, and the lower end of the machine tool body upright post 5 is slidably arranged on the two first X-direction guide rails 41; the X-direction auxiliary driving mechanism comprises two X-direction auxiliary driving units, the two X-direction auxiliary driving units are arranged at the top end of the bed body upright post 5 in a bilateral symmetry mode, each X-direction auxiliary driving unit comprises an X-direction auxiliary driving motor 92 and a second gear rack transmission mechanism, the output end of the X-direction auxiliary driving motor 92 is connected with the input end of the second gear rack transmission mechanism, and the output end of the second gear rack transmission mechanism is connected with the upper end of the bed body upright post 5; two second X-direction guide rails 17 are symmetrically arranged on the upper part and the lower part of the supporting top beam 11, and the upper end of the bed body upright post 5 is slidably arranged on the two second X-direction guide rails 17; the Y-direction driving mechanism comprises two Y-direction driving units, the two Y-direction driving units are arranged on two sides of the bed body upright post 5 in a bilateral symmetry mode, each Y-direction driving unit comprises a Y-direction driving motor 93 and a Y-direction lead screw transmission mechanism, the output end of the Y-direction driving motor 93 is connected with the input end of the Y-direction lead screw transmission mechanism, and two sides of the saddle 61 are respectively connected with nuts 94 of the two Y-direction lead screw transmission mechanisms; the lathe bed upright post 5 is of a square-frame structure, two Y-direction guide rails 51 are symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side of the lathe bed upright post 5, two sides of a sliding saddle 61 are slidably arranged on the two Y-direction guide rails 51 and are positioned on the inner side of the square-frame structure of the lathe bed upright post 5, and X-direction widening blocks 52 are integrally arranged at the middle lower parts of the two sides of the lathe bed upright post 5 respectively; the Z-direction driving mechanism comprises a Z-direction driving unit which is arranged at the bottom of the saddle 61 and comprises a Z-direction driving motor 95 and a Z-direction lead screw transmission mechanism, and the bottom end of the ram 62 is connected with a nut (not shown in the figure) of the Z-direction lead screw transmission mechanism; the saddle 61 has a box-shaped structure, four Z-guide rails 64 are symmetrically installed at four corners of the inner side of the saddle 61, and the ram 62 is slidably installed on the four Z-guide rails 64.
The operation principle of the turnover plate horizontal five-axis machining center is as follows: in the initial state that the workpiece needs to be clamped, the workbench 2 is horizontally placed on the workbench base 20, and the supporting arms 36 are folded. After a workpiece is clamped, when the workbench 2 needs to be turned over, the four grabbing oil cylinders work, the four positioning support columns 81 are respectively inserted into the four positioning holes 22, X-direction positioning support on the workbench 2 is achieved, the workbench 2 is grabbed, then the servo motor 31 works, the servo motor 31 amplifies torque through the speed reducer 32, power is transmitted to the lead screw 33, the lead screw 33 is driven to rotate, the nut 34 is driven to move along the support arm guide rail, the connecting rod 35 is driven to rotate while the nut 34 moves, the central point of the second bearing 39 rotates around the central point of the third bearing 30, the support arm 36 is driven to rotate around the central point of the first bearing 38 through rotation of the connecting rod 35 until the support arm 36 is completely opened, and the workbench 2 is turned over to a vertical position; then, the two coarse positioning oil cylinders work, the coarse positioning pins 82 positioned at two sides of the workbench 2 extend to the workbench 2 to perform coarse positioning on the workbench 2, at the moment, the four positioning support columns 81 retract, at the moment, the workbench turnover mechanism is separated from the workbench 2, and the workbench turnover mechanism rotates by 90 degrees to return to the initial horizontal position; then the fine positioning oil cylinder works, the fine positioning pin 83 extends out, the workbench 2 is tightly pushed from left to right, the workbench 2 is enabled to lean against the right supporting upright post 15, then the plurality of positioning clamping oil cylinders 84 work simultaneously, the output ends of the positioning clamping oil cylinders extend out respectively, the plurality of pressing blocks 85 are enabled to tightly press the plurality of limiting blocks 23 respectively, large clamping force is applied to the plurality of limiting blocks 23 respectively (in the embodiment, the clamping force of the designed single pressing block 85 is 4 t), the positioning clamping of the workbench 2 is realized, and the machine tool can start machining operation at the moment. After the workpiece is machined, the workbench turnover mechanism rotates 90 degrees to lift to a vertical state and grab the workbench 2 again, meanwhile, the plurality of positioning clamping cylinders 84, the fine positioning cylinders and the two coarse positioning cylinders loosen the workbench 2, the workbench turnover mechanism grabs the workbench 2 to rotate 90 degrees again, the workbench 2 is taken back to the workbench base 20, and the machined workpiece is disassembled and the next round of workpiece to be machined is clamped.
In the process of the machine tool machining operation, the bed column 5 can slide on the bed 4 of the machine tool along the X direction of the machine tool under the simultaneous four-wheel drive of the X-direction main driving mechanism and the X-direction auxiliary driving mechanism; the saddle 61 can slide on the bed column 5 along the Y direction of the machine tool under the drive of the Y-direction drive mechanism; the ram 62 slides on the saddle 61 in the Z direction of the machine tool by the drive of the Z-direction drive mechanism. The driving structure is combined with the overall symmetrical frame structure of the machine tool, and the machine tool can be guaranteed to have enough rigidity and better dynamic characteristics in the whole machining stroke, so that the main shaft can keep good cutting performance at any position in the stroke range, and the machining precision of a workpiece is guaranteed.

Claims (10)

1. A horizontal five-axis machining center of a turnover plate is characterized by comprising a workbench supporting mechanism, a workbench base, a workbench turnover mechanism, a machine tool body column, a saddle, a ram, an AC swing head, a chain chip cleaner, a scrap iron vehicle and a water tank, wherein the workbench supporting mechanism is of a bilaterally symmetrical frame-shaped structure, the machine tool body column, the saddle, the ram and the AC swing head are of bilaterally symmetrical structures, the workbench supporting mechanism is provided with a workbench positioning and clamping mechanism, the workbench is horizontally arranged on the workbench base, the workbench base is arranged on the front side of the workbench supporting mechanism, the workbench is arranged on the workbench supporting mechanism, the rear end of the workbench supporting mechanism is fixed with a plurality of bottom connectors, the machine tool body is fixed on the bottom connectors, the lower extreme of lathe bed stand install to the slidable ground along lathe X through X to main actuating mechanism the lathe bed on, the upper end of lathe bed stand install to slidable ground along lathe X through X to auxiliary actuating mechanism the workstation supporting mechanism's top, the saddle install to slidable ground along lathe Y through Y to actuating mechanism the middle part of lathe bed stand, the ram install to slidable ground along lathe Z through Z to actuating mechanism the saddle on, AC yaw install the ram on, the chain chip cleaner install the top of a plurality of bottom connectors and be located AC yaw's below, the iron fillings car with the water tank install subaerial respectively.
2. The horizontal turnover-plate five-axis machining center according to claim 1, wherein the worktable supporting mechanism comprises a supporting top beam, a positioning base, a left supporting upright, a right supporting upright and a supporting base, the left supporting upright and the right supporting upright are respectively vertically installed on the tops of two ends of the supporting base, the supporting top beam is installed on the tops of the left supporting upright and the right supporting upright in a crossing manner, the positioning top beam is installed on the bottom of the supporting top beam, the positioning base is installed on the top of the supporting base, the positioning top beam and the positioning base are arranged at intervals up and down, the worktable turnover mechanism comprises two turnover units, the two turnover units are symmetrically installed on the supporting base left and right, the worktable base is located between the two turnover units, the plurality of bottom connectors are fixed at the rear end of the support base, and the upper end of the bed body upright post is slidably arranged on the support top beam along the X direction of the machine tool through the X-direction auxiliary driving mechanism.
3. The horizontal turnover plate five-axis machining center according to claim 2, wherein each turnover unit is provided with a plurality of workbench grabbing units, and each turnover unit comprises a servo motor, a speed reducer, a lead screw, a nut, a connecting rod, a supporting arm and a base; the servo motor is arranged at one end of the supporting arm, the other end of the supporting arm is rotatably connected with the base through a first bearing, the speed reducer is arranged at the output end of the servo motor, one end of the screw rod is connected with the speed reducer, the other end of the screw rod is arranged on the supporting arm, the screw nut is in threaded connection with the screw rod, one end of the connecting rod is rotatably connected with the screw nut through a second bearing, the other end of the connecting rod is rotatably connected with the base through a third bearing, and the base is fixed on the supporting base; the support arm on install the support arm guide rail, the support arm guide rail follow the length direction setting of lead screw, the screw on install the slider, slider slidable ground install the support arm guide rail on.
4. The horizontal turnover plate five-axis machining center according to claim 3, wherein each of the worktable grabbing units comprises a grabbing oil cylinder installed on the supporting arm, a positioning support column is installed at an output end of each grabbing oil cylinder, positioning blocks corresponding to the positioning support columns in a one-to-one manner are fixedly installed on the left side and the right side of the worktable respectively, a positioning hole is formed in each positioning block, and when the plurality of worktable grabbing units grab the worktable, each positioning support column is inserted into one positioning hole.
5. The horizontal turnover plate five-axis machining center according to claim 3, wherein the workbench positioning and clamping mechanism comprises two workbench coarse positioning units, a workbench fine positioning unit and a plurality of workbench positioning and clamping units, the two workbench coarse positioning units are symmetrically arranged on the left supporting column and the right supporting column in a left-right manner, each workbench coarse positioning unit comprises a coarse positioning oil cylinder, and a coarse positioning pin is arranged at the output end of each coarse positioning oil cylinder; the workbench fine positioning unit is arranged on the left supporting upright post and comprises a fine positioning oil cylinder, and a fine positioning pin is arranged at the output end of the fine positioning oil cylinder; the utility model discloses a positioning top beam, including workstation location clamping unit, locating base, locating top beam and locating base on laid a plurality of workstation location clamping unit respectively, every workstation location clamping unit including location clamping cylinder, every location clamping cylinder's output coupling have a briquetting, every location clamping cylinder's cylinder body on the coupling have two connecting plates of bilateral symmetry respectively, the front end of two connecting plates respectively with the well upper portion coupling of briquetting, the briquetting be located two connecting plates between, the top side and the bottom side of workstation set firmly respectively with each the stopper of briquetting one-to-one, workstation upset to vertical state when location clamping, accurate locating pin top tighten the left side of workstation, every the briquetting compress tightly the stopper.
6. The horizontal turnover plate five-axis machining center according to claim 2, wherein the X-direction main driving mechanism comprises two X-direction main driving units, the two X-direction main driving units are arranged on two sides of the bottom of the lathe bed upright post in a bilateral symmetry manner, each X-direction main driving unit comprises an X-direction main driving motor and a first rack and pinion transmission mechanism, an output end of the X-direction main driving motor is connected with an input end of the first rack and pinion transmission mechanism, and an output end of the first rack and pinion transmission mechanism is connected with the lower end of the lathe bed upright post; two first X-direction guide rails are symmetrically arranged on the machine tool body in the front-back direction, and the lower end of the machine tool body column is slidably arranged on the two first X-direction guide rails.
7. The horizontal turnover plate five-axis machining center according to claim 2, wherein the X-direction auxiliary driving mechanism comprises two X-direction auxiliary driving units, the two X-direction auxiliary driving units are arranged at the top end of the bed column in a bilateral symmetry manner, each X-direction auxiliary driving unit comprises an X-direction auxiliary driving motor and a second rack gear transmission mechanism, an output end of the X-direction auxiliary driving motor is connected with an input end of the second rack gear transmission mechanism, and an output end of the second rack gear transmission mechanism is connected with the upper end of the bed column; two second X-direction guide rails are symmetrically arranged on the supporting top beam up and down, and the upper end of the bed body upright post is slidably arranged on the two second X-direction guide rails.
8. The horizontal turning plate five-axis machining center according to claim 2, wherein the Y-direction driving mechanism comprises two Y-direction driving units, the two Y-direction driving units are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the bed body column in a left-right mode, each Y-direction driving unit comprises a Y-direction driving motor and a Y-direction screw transmission mechanism, an output end of the Y-direction driving motor is connected with an input end of the Y-direction screw transmission mechanism, and two sides of the saddle are respectively connected with nuts of the two Y-direction screw transmission mechanisms; the lathe bed stand column is of a square-shaped frame structure, two Y-direction guide rails are symmetrically arranged on the two sides of the lathe bed stand column in the left-right direction, and two sides of the sliding saddle are slidably arranged on the two Y-direction guide rails and are located on the inner side of the square-shaped frame of the lathe bed stand column.
9. The horizontal five-axis machining center with the turning plate according to claim 8, wherein the middle lower parts of the two sides of the column of the lathe bed are respectively and integrally provided with an X-direction widening block.
10. The horizontal turning plate five-axis machining center according to claim 2 is characterized in that the Z-direction driving mechanism comprises a Z-direction driving unit, the Z-direction driving unit is arranged at the bottom of the saddle and comprises a Z-direction driving motor and a Z-direction lead screw transmission mechanism, and the bottom end of the ram is connected with a nut of the Z-direction lead screw transmission mechanism; the four corners of the inner side of the saddle are symmetrically provided with four Z-direction guide rails, and the ram is slidably arranged on the four Z-direction guide rails.
CN201910858515.8A 2019-09-11 2019-09-11 Horizontal five-axis machining center of board turns over Pending CN110682112A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112975455A (en) * 2021-03-01 2021-06-18 沈阳机床股份有限公司 High-speed horizontal machining center machine tool

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112975455A (en) * 2021-03-01 2021-06-18 沈阳机床股份有限公司 High-speed horizontal machining center machine tool

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