CN1106028C - Rotary electrical parts with press switch - Google Patents

Rotary electrical parts with press switch Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1106028C
CN1106028C CN 98120136 CN98120136A CN1106028C CN 1106028 C CN1106028 C CN 1106028C CN 98120136 CN98120136 CN 98120136 CN 98120136 A CN98120136 A CN 98120136A CN 1106028 C CN1106028 C CN 1106028C
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CN
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Prior art keywords
rotary
electrical
parts
press
switch
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CN 98120136
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1213841A (en )
Inventor
川崎健造
井上聪志
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阿尔卑斯电气株式会社
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H25/00Switches with compound movement of handle or other operating part
    • H01H25/06Operating part movable both angularly and rectilinearly, the rectilinear movement being along the axis of angular movement

Abstract

本发明提供了一种按压位置一定并具有稳定咔嗒触感的带按压式开关的旋转型电气部件。 The present invention provides a pressing position and having a certain type of electric rotary member stable click feeling of the switch with a push. 因为橡胶构件13和连接构件15由凹凸结合而成,所以可使橡胶构件13和连接构件15的位置一定,连接构件15对橡胶构件13的按压位置一定。 Since the rubber member 13 and the pressing positions 13 binding by the asperities 15, the rubber member 13 allows the position and the connecting member 15 is fixed, the connection member 15 is connected to the rubber member member constant.

Description

带按压式开关的旋转型电气部件 Rotating electrical component with push switch

技术领域 FIELD

本发明关于带按压式开关的旋转型电气部件,该部件具有通过操作轴的轴线方向的移动,使触点“开”和“关”的按压式开关,它通过操作轴的旋转,对脉冲开关、或可变电阻等旋转型电气部件进行操作。 The present invention relates to a rotary type electrical component with push switch, the component having an axial direction by moving the operating shaft, the contact "on" and "off" switch is pressed, the operation by which rotation of the shaft, the pulse switch or varistor rotating electrical operating member.

在轴承31的存放部31a内,存放有中央有孔32a的可旋转磁鼓32,及固定于与磁鼓32相对位置处的多个霍尔集成电路(IC)33,磁鼓32和霍尔IC33构成旋转编码器,即,旋转型电气部件1D。 In the storage portion 31a of the bearing 31, the central hole 32a storing a rotatable drum 32, and is fixed to the drum 32 and the relative position of a plurality of Hall IC (IC) 33, the drum 32 and Hall IC33 constitute a rotary encoder, i.e., rotating electrical member 1D.

在磁鼓32上,设置有凹凸部32b、固定在存放部31a内的弹簧34可与凹凸部连接或脱离,当磁鼓32旋转时,可以进行咔嗒接触动作。 On the drum 32, is provided with a convex portion 32b, is fixed in the storage portion 31a of the spring 34 may be attached or detached from the convex portion, when the rotating drum 32 may be in contact with a click operation.

操作轴35具备有沟35a的圆形部35b;与圆形部35b相连的非圆形部35c和与非圆形部35c相连的凸部35d,且插通轴承31的贯穿孔31b和磁鼓32的孔32a,使圆形部35b位于凸缘部31c上,非圆形部35c位于孔32a上。 The operating shaft 35 includes a circular portion 35a has a groove 35b; 35d projecting portion 35c and the non-circular portion and the non-circular portion 35b of the circular portion 35c is connected to the connected, and the insertion through-hole 31b of the bearing 31 and the drum 32a 32 of the hole, the circular portion 35b is located on the flange portion 31c, 35c are located on the non-circular hole portion 32a.

在操作轴35的沟35a上,安装有金属制垫圈36,垫圈36与凸缘部31c的内面相碰接,从而防止操作轴35脱出。 In the groove 35a of the operating shaft 35, is attached to a metal washer 36, washer 36 and the inner surface of the flange portion 31c to come into contact to thereby prevent the operating shaft 35 from coming out.

这样安装好的操作轴35,可做旋转动作及轴方向的移动动作,如旋转操作轴35,圆形部35b引导凸缘部31c旋转,同时,非圆形部35c使磁鼓32旋转,而且,如在轴方向移动操作轴,则在凸缘部31c与孔32a之间滑动移动。 The operating shaft 35 so installed, the rotating operation and do axial direction moving operation, such as the rotary operation shaft 35, the circular guide portion 35b of the flange portion 31c is rotated at the same time, the non-circular portion 35c so that the drum 32 is rotated, and the mobile operation shaft in the axial direction, the sliding movement between the flange portion 31c and the hole 32a.

绝缘基体37由合成树脂的成形品制成,以覆盖轴承31的存放部31a的开口部的方式设置,按压式开关1P安装在绝缘基体37的凹部37a内。 Insulating base 37 is made of a synthetic resin molded product, so as to cover the storage portion 31a of the bearing 31 is provided an opening portion, 1P push switch mounted in the recess portion 37a of the insulating substrate 37.

按压式开关1P由固定触点39、可动触点40、圆顶状橡胶构件41和板部42构成。 1P push switch fixed contact 39, movable contact 40, a dome-shaped rubber member 41 and the plate portion 42. 固定触点39埋设在机壳38内,可动触点40配设在机壳内,圆顶状橡胶构件41设置在机壳38内,并覆盖可动触点40,板部42以覆盖机壳38的开口部的方式配置。 The fixed contact 39 is embedded in the housing 38, the movable contact 40 is disposed in the housing, a dome-shaped rubber member 41 disposed in the housing 38, and cover the movable contact 40, the plate portion 42 to cover the machine configuration of the opening portion of the housing 38.

按压式开关1P安装在旋转型电气部件1D的后部时,橡胶构件41的顶部处于与操作轴35的凸部35d相碰接的状态,以使操作轴35向前方按压。 1P switch is pressed at the rear of the rotating electrical member 1D, the rubber member 41 is at the top of the convex portion 35d of the operating shaft 35 touching contact state, so that the operation shaft 35 is pressed forward.

这种带按压式开关的旋转型电气部件的操作过程为,旋转装有操作轴35的旋钮43,操作轴35使磁鼓32边进行咔嗒接触动作边旋转,磁鼓32的旋转使霍尔IC发出输出信号,从而操作旋转型电气部件1D。 During operation of this push switch with rotary electrical component is, with the rotation knob 4335 of the operating shaft, the operating shaft 35 so that edge 32 contacts the drum for a click operation while being rotated, the rotary drum 32 of the Hall an output signal IC, thereby rotating electrical operation member 1D.

另外,若在轴方向按压移动旋钮43,则操作轴35也移动,使凸部35d按压橡胶构件41。 Further, when the pressing movement of the knob 43 in the axial direction, the movement of the operating shaft 35 also, the convex portion 35d of the pressing rubber member 41.

这样,橡胶构件41被按压变形而反弹,用橡胶构件41的咔嗒接触动作按压可动触点40,可动触点40与固定触点39接触,进入“开”的状态。 Thus, the rubber member 41 is pressed and deformed rebound with a click rubber member 41 is pressed in contact with the operation the movable contact 40, the movable contact 40 into contact with the fixed contact 39, into the "on" state.

对旋钮43的按压解除后,由于橡胶构件41本身的弹性使其恢复到原来状态,所以操作轴35通过橡胶构件41被推回,垫圈36与凸缘部31c连接,同时,可动触点40利用本身的弹力回复到原来状态,进入“关闭”状态。 After pressing the knob 43 is released, due to the elasticity of the rubber member 41 itself is restored to the original state, the operation shaft 35 is pushed back by a rubber member 41, the washer 36 is connected to the flange portion 31c, while the movable contact 40 by the elastic force itself back to the original state, into the "off" state.

这样,旋转型电气部件1D和按压式开关1P进行操作。 Thus, the rotating electrical switch pressing member 1D and 1P to operate.

现有的带按压开关的旋转型电气部件,由于橡胶构件41的顶部和操作轴35的凸部35d只是简单的碰接关系,所以安装的偏移等使在轴方向上,橡胶构件41和凸部35d之间的位置不固定,因此凸部35d对橡胶构件41的按压位置不固定,产生咔嗒触感不佳的问题。 Conventional rotary type electrical component with a push switch, since the convex portion 35d and the top 41 of the operating shaft 35 of the rubber member simply abutting against the relationship, so that the offset of the like mounted in the axial direction, the rubber member 41 and the protrusion a position between the portion 35d is not fixed, the protrusion portion 35d is not fixed to the pressing position of the rubber member 41, the problem of poor tactile click.

另外,虽然在操作轴35的轴心上按压橡胶构件41的中心部时会产生最佳的咔嗒触感,但凸部35d对橡胶构件41的按压位置不固定,因此不能得到良好的咔嗒触感。 Further, although it will produce a rubber pressing member 41 of the central portion of the operating shaft 35 in the axial best clicking touch, but the projecting portion 35d is not fixed to the pressing position of the rubber member 41 and therefore can not obtain good clicking feeling .

而且,因为凸部35d的前端与橡胶构件41是碰接关系,所以在振动或按压凸部35d时,凸部35d与橡胶构件41间产生滑动,使橡胶构件41的寿命缩短。 Moreover, since the convex portion 35d of the front end of the rubber member 41 is abutting against relationship, so that when the vibration or the pressing protrusions 35d, 35d and the projecting portion slip rubber member 41, so that the life of the rubber member 41 is shortened.

又,当按压凸部35d时,通过与橡胶构件41之间的滑动,凸部35d的前端偏离橡胶构件的中央,按压位置改变,从而产生咔嗒触感差的问题。 Further, when the pressing protrusions 35d, departing from the distal end by sliding, between the convex portion 35d of the rubber member 41 of the central rubber member, the pressing position change, thereby generating a click feeling is poor.

还有,由于用凸部35d按压橡胶构件41,所以成为一点式按压,橡胶构件41的变形不稳定,会产生咔嗒触感不均匀的问题。 Further, since the pressing convex portion 35d with the rubber member 41, it becomes a one-point pressing, deformation of the rubber member 41 is unstable, the problem arises unevenness tactile click.

另外,在上述操作轴的轴线上,设置有上述操作轴和上述连接构件的接合部,及上述连接构件和上述橡胶构件的凹部和凸部。 Further, on the axis of the operation shaft, the operation shaft is provided with an engaging portion and said connecting member, and the concave portion and the convex portion of the connecting member and the rubber member.

还有,在碗状的上述橡胶构件平坦面的顶部,设置有上述凹部或上述凸部,并且,与上述橡胶构件顶部相对的上述连接构件的相对面做成平坦面,在上述橡胶构件的平坦面和上述连接构件的平坦面碰接的状态下,使凹凸相互结合。 Further, in the top of the bowl-shaped flat surface of the rubber member, is provided with the concave portion or the convex portion, and the opposing surface of the connecting member opposite the top above a flat surface of the rubber member, the rubber member in a flat flat surface and the surface of the connecting member abutting against the lower state, so that combined with each other irregularities.

此外,在上述连接构件上,设置有具有平坦面的突出部件,通过设置在安装基体上的存放部可支承上述突出部。 Further, in the connecting member is provided with a projecting member having a flat surface, by providing the storage portion is mounted on the base body supports the protruding portion may be.

下面参照附图说明本发明的实施例。 Exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described.

在轴承部1的存放部1a内,设置有可旋转的旋转体2,该旋转体2中央有非圆形的孔2a,该旋转体2具有以下部件,具有凹凸部2b和筒状部2c的金属制支承部2d,合成树脂制的绝缘部件2e,该绝缘部件2e与支承部2d结合,金属板制的可动触点3安装在绝缘部件2e上,该旋转体的筒状部件2c插入轴承1的贯穿孔1b内,带动轴承1旋转。 In the storage portion 1a of the bearing portion 1 is provided with a rotatable rotating body 2, two central non-circular hole 2a of the rotary member, the rotary member 2 has a member having a concave-convex portion 2b and a cylindrical portion 2c metallic supporting portion 2d, an insulating member made of synthetic resin 2e, 2e of the insulating member and the support portion 2d binding, a metal plate may be movable contact 3 mounted on the insulating member 2e, the cylindrical rotary body inserted into the bearing member 2c the through hole 1b 1, 1 rotary drive bearings.

在由合成树脂成形品构成的安装基体4上,埋设着固定触点5,该安装基体4以覆盖轴承1的存放部1a的开口部的方式设置,并安装在轴承1上。 In a synthetic resin molded article on the mounting base 4 composed of the fixed contact 5 is embedded, the mounting base portion of the opening 4 to cover the storage portion 1a of the bearing 1 is provided, and is mounted on a bearing.

在装配安装基体4时,固定触点5的弹性触点(图未示),与可动触点3接触、分离,进行触点的切换,具有可动触点3的旋转体2与有固定触点5的安装基体4构成了脉冲开关,即旋转型电气部件1D。 Assembly mounting base 4, the spring contacts the fixed contact (not shown) 5, and the movable contact 3 contacts separate, the switch contacts, the rotary member having a movable contact 3 and fixed 2 contacts 4 mounting base 5 constitute a switching pulse, i.e. rotating electrical member 1D.

旋转型电气部件1D也可是编码器或可变电阻等。 1D rotating electrical component may also be an encoder or a variable resistor or the like.

金属板制的弹簧6固定在轴承1的存放部1a内,弹簧6与旋转体2的凹凸部2b可接触、分离,旋转体2旋转时,可做咔嗒接触动作。 The spring plate 6 is fixed to the metal bearing 1 in the storage portion 1a, the spring member 6 is rotated with the concavo-convex portion 2b 2 may be in contact, separation, rotation of the rotating body 2, the contact do click operation.

金属等制成的操作轴7备有操作部7a,比操作部7a直径大的圆形凸缘部7b,与凸缘部7b相连设置的非圆形部7c,与非圆形部7c相连设置在轴心部的圆柱状的接合部7d。 Made of metal or the like operating shaft 7 provided with the operation portion 7a, a larger diameter than the circular flange portion of the operation portion 7a 7b, and is connected to the non-circular portion of the flange portion 7b provided 7c, 7c are connected with the non-circular portion is provided in the joint axis of the cylindrical portion 7d.

操作轴7被插通在轴承1的贯穿孔1b与旋转体2的孔2a内,操作部7a位于凸缘部1d,凸缘部7b位于贯穿孔1b上,并且非圆形部7c位于孔2a上,操作轴7由凸缘部1d上的操作部7a支承而旋转,同时,在轴方向移动,并且,操作轴7的凸缘部7b可与轴承1的凸缘部1d接合,防止从轴承1中脱出。 The operating shaft 7 is inserted through the through hole 1b in the hole of the rotating body 2 of the bearing 2a, the operating portion 7a of the flange portion 1d, a flange portion 7b positioned on the through hole 1b, and the non-circular portion of the aperture 2a 7c on the operating shaft 7 is rotated by the operation of the support portion 7a of the upper flange portion 1D, while moving in the axial direction, and the flange portion 7b of the operating shaft can engage with the flange portion of the bearing 1 1D, to prevent the bearing from 1 prolapse.

由具有弹力的金属板弯曲形成的弹力部件8,插通在操作轴7的操作部7a上,并安装在轴承1的凸缘部1d和操作轴7的凸缘部7b之间。 A resilient member having a resilient metal plate 8 formed by bending, is inserted through the operation on the operating portion 7a of the shaft 7, and is mounted between the flange portion 7b flange portion 1d 1 and the operating shaft 7 of the bearing.

弹力部件8时常向后方弹压操作轴7的同时,操作轴7向前方返回时,防止了凸缘部7b对凸缘部1d的撞击,同时也缓和了对弹力部件8的凸缘部1d的撞击,降低了撞击音。 8 while the elastic member constantly biasing the operating shaft 7 rearward, the operation returns to the front shaft 7 is prevented from striking the flange portion 7b of the flange portion 1d, but also cushioned resilient member 8 of the flange portion 1d of and reduce the impact sound.

在旋转型电气部件1D的后部,由安装板9安装着按式开关1P,该开关1P由固定触点11、可动触点12、橡胶构件13以及防止橡胶构件13脱出的板部14构成,该固定触点11埋没在由合成树脂的成形品制成的机壳10内,该可动触点12配设在机壳10内,该橡胶构件13配置在机壳10内,呈碗状覆盖着可动触点12。 In the rear portion of the rotating electrical member 1D, 1P press-type switch mounted by the mounting plate 9, the fixed contact 11 by the switch 1P, movable contact 12, and the rubber member 13 prevents the plate portion 13 coming out of the rubber member 14 constituting the fixed contact 11 buried in a casing made of a synthetic resin molded product 10, the movable contact 12 is disposed in the housing 10, the rubber member 13 is disposed in the housing 10, bowl-shaped covering the movable contact 12.

上述橡胶构件13的碗状顶部呈平坦面,在中央部,即与操作轴7的轴心部在一直线上的位置上,形成凹部13a,按压式开关1P安装在旋转型电气部件1D的后部时,橡胶构件13配置在与操作轴7的接合部7d同一直线上的位置。 Bowl top of the rubber member 13 forms a flat surface at the central portion, i.e., the axial center portion of the operating shaft 7 at a position on a straight line, a concave portion 13a, 1P push switch mounted on the rear of the rotating electrical member 1D portion, the rubber member 13 is arranged at a position the same straight line with the operating shaft 7 of the engaging portion 7d.

连接构件15由合成树脂的成形品等构成,并具有以下部件,略圆锥形的基部15b、突出部15c和凸部15d。 Connecting member 15 is made of a synthetic resin molded article and the like, and has the following components, slightly conical base portion 15b, protrusion 15c and protrusion 15d. 基部15b具有由孔构成的接合部15a,突出部15c具有以基部15b的一端突出的平坦面,凸部15d设置于突出部15c的中心部。 A base portion 15b has an engaging hole configured 15a, 15c has a projecting portion 15b projecting end of the base flat surface, the convex portions 15d provided at the center portion of the projecting portion 15c.

连接构件15插通在安装基体4的孔4a和旋转体2的绝缘部件2e的孔2f上,接合部15a中嵌入(嵌合结合)操作轴7的接合部7d,同时,在橡胶构件13的凹部13a中嵌合(凹凸结合)凸部15d时,使突出部15c的平坦面与橡胶构件13的顶部的平坦面碰接,并且,突出部15c存放、支承在存放部4b内,存放部4b由安装基体4的凹部构成。 Connecting member 15 is inserted through the hole 4 of the mounting base 4a and the insulating member 2 of the rotating body. 2F hole 2e, 15a fitted in the engaging portion (fitting binding) engaging the operating shaft 7 7D, while the rubber member 13 recess fitting 13a when (unevenness binding) convex portions 15d, so that the flat surface of the rubber member projecting portion 15c of the flat surface of the top 13 of the impingement, and the projecting portion 15c stored, supported within the storage portion 4b, storage unit 4b a base for mounting recess portion 4 constituted.

这样安装的连接构件15,其接合部15a及凸部15d配置于操作轴7的轴心线S上,同时,连接构件15被橡胶构件13按压,与安装基体4碰接,支承在存放部4b中,且,连接构件15向前按压操作轴7。 Such mounting member 15 is connected which the joint 15a and the convex portion 15d disposed on the operating shaft axis line S 7, and at the same time, the connection member 15 is pressed against the rubber member 13, with the touch contact mounting base 4, the support in the storage unit 4b , and the connecting member 15 forwardly presses the operating shaft 7.

凸缘部1d的孔及圆筒部2a,与贯穿孔1b的碰接部等,金属之间滑动的地方,涂敷上润滑脂(图未示)。 And the hole 1d of the cylindrical portion of the flange portion 2a, and the portion abutting against the through hole 1b, and the like, where the sliding between the metal, grease is applied (not shown).

这样的带按压式开关的旋转型电气部件,在图1的状态下,旋转操作轴7,操作轴7的操作部7a引导凸缘部1d,同时,连接构件15的基部15b安装在操作轴7上,其基部15b的底部引导安装基体4的孔4a,在两点的支持下旋转,旋转体2在操作轴7的作用下一边做咔嗒接触动作一边旋转。 Such a rotating electrical component with a push switch, in the state of FIG. 1, the rotary operation shaft 7, the operating portion 7a of the operating shaft guide flange portion 1D, while the base 15b of the connection member 15 is mounted on the operating shaft 7 on the bottom of the base 15b of the guide hole 4 of the mounting base 4a, the rotating support at two points, the rotating body 2 under the action of the operating shaft 7 while doing a click operation of the contact while rotating.

旋转体2的旋转,使可动触点3旋转,可动触点3与固定触点4接触、分离,进行触点切换,从而操作旋转型电气部件1D。 Rotation of the rotating body 2, the movable contact 3 is rotated, the movable contact 3 is in contact with the fixed contact 4, separated, the contact switch, thereby rotating electrical operation member 1D.

图1的状态下,操作轴7在轴方向按压,并移动,操作部7a引导凸缘部1d及非圆形部7c引导孔2a移动,操作轴7使连接构件15在轴方向移动的同时,连接构件15使凸部15d及突出部15c的平坦面按压橡胶构件13的平坦面。 The state of FIG. 1, the operating shaft 7 is pressed in the axial direction, and moving the operating portion 7a of the flange portion 1d guide portion 7c and non-circular guide hole 2a is moved so that the operating shaft 7 while the connecting member 15 moves in the axial direction, connecting member 15 and the convex portion 15d protruding portion 15c of the flat surface of the flat pressing surface 13 of the rubber member.

如图3所示,橡胶构件13按压变形反转,用橡胶构件13的咔嗒接触动作按压可动触点12,可动触点12与固定触点11接触,进入“开”的状态。 3, the rubber member 13 presses the modification is reversed with a click rubber member 13 is pressed in contact with the operation the movable contact 12, the movable contact 12 in contact with the fixed contact 11, into the "on" state.

在这个状态下,若解除操作轴7的按压,由于橡胶构件13由本身的弹力回复到原来的状态,所以在橡胶构件作用下,连接构件15和操作轴7返回。 In this state, when pressing the operating shaft 7 is released, since the rubber member 13 return to the original state by the elastic force of itself to, so in effect the rubber member, the connecting member 15 and the operating shaft 7 returns.

这时,介于操作轴7的凸缘部7b和轴承1之间的凸缘部1d之间的弹簧部件8,使操作轴7的返回撞击缓和,并且使撞击音极小。 In this case, between the flange portion 7b of the operating shaft 7 and the spring member between the flange portion 1d between the bearing 8, the operating shaft returns to ease the impact of 7, and the collision noise is minimal.

这时,因基部15b略呈圆锥形,前端细小,所以不会被孔4a钩住。 At this time, since the base portion 15b slightly conical, distal small, so it will not be hooked holes 4a.

若操作轴7的凸缘部7b在凸缘部1d的作用下,移动停止,并且,连接构件15的突出部15c支承在安装基体4的存放部4b,而停止移动,则可动触点12在本身的弹性作用下,回复到原来状态,进入“关”的状态,返回图1状态。 When the flange portion 7b of the operating shaft 7 under the action of the flange portion 1d, the movement stop, and the projecting connecting portion 15c of the support member 15 is mounted in the base of the storage portion 4b 4, stop moving, the movable contact 12 in itself, the elastic action, returns to its original state, into the "off" state, a return to the state of FIG.

这样,对旋转型电气部件1D和按压式开关1p进行操作。 Thus, a rotating electrical switch and the pressing member 1D 1p operation.

在本实施例中,因操作部7a引导凸缘部1d,所以与另一方的引导部距离可以拉长,作为引导凸缘部7b的筒部1c,也可在碰接位置涂敷润滑脂。 In the present embodiment, the operating portion 7a by the guide flange portion 1D, so the guide portion and the other distance can be elongated as the cylindrical portion 1c of the flange portion 7b of the guide, but also in a position abutting against grease is applied. 这时,因成为大直径的支承旋转,因而可得到圆滑、稳定的操作触感。 At this time, due to rotation of the support to become a large diameter, and gave a smooth, stable operation feeling.

在上述的实施例中,也可使橡胶构件13和连接构件15的凹部13a、凸部15d之间的关系相反,在橡胶构件上设凸部,而在连接构件15上设凹部。 In the above embodiment, and the connecting member 13 also allows the recess portions 13a 15, the relationship between the convex portions 15d contrast, the rubber member is provided on the projecting portion of the rubber member, and the concave portions 15 on the connecting member.

本发明的带按压式开关的电气部件,因是橡胶构件13与连接构件15凹凸结合而成的,所以橡胶构件13和连接构件15的位置可以固定,从而使连接构件15对橡胶构件13的按压部位也固定,提供了一种可以得到稳定咔嗒触感的带按压式开关的旋转型电气部件。 Electrical component with push switch according to the present invention, because the rubber member 13 is bonded to the convex connecting member 15, the position of the rubber member 13 and the connecting member 15 may be fixed so that the rubber member 15 presses the connection member 13 site is also fixed, a rotating electrical component for a stable click feeling can be obtained with the push type switch.

因为橡胶构件13和连接构件15为凹凸结合,所以在振动或按压连接构件15时,连接构件15和橡胶构件13之间不产生滑动,提供了一种橡胶构件无磨损的长寿命带按压式开关的旋转型电气部件。 Since the rubber member 13 and the connecting member 15 in conjunction with an uneven, so that vibration or the pressing member 15 is connected, and the connecting member 15 do not slip between the rubber member 13, there is provided a rubber member with a wear-free long-life press switch rotary type electrical component.

因为橡胶构件13和连接构件15为凹凸结合,在按压连接构件15时,橡胶构件13的按压位置固定,提供了一种具有稳定咔嗒触感的带按压式开关的旋转型电气部件。 Since the rubber member 13 and the connecting member 15 is combined unevenness, when the pressing member 15 is connected, the pressing position of the rubber member 13 is fixed, there is provided a rotary tactile click stable electrical component with a push switch having.

因为在操作轴7的轴线S上,设置了操作轴7和连接构件15的接合部7d、15a以及连接构件15和橡胶构件13的凹部13a、凸部15d,因此可在操作轴7的轴线S上按压橡胶构件13,提供了一种稳定的、咔嗒触感良好的带按压式开关的旋转型电气部件。 Because the operating shaft axis S 7, is provided engaging the operating shaft 7 and the connecting member 15 to 7d, 15a and the connecting member 15 and the concave portion of the rubber member 13, 13a, the convex portions 15d, thus axis S in the operating shaft 7 pressing the rubber member 13, there is provided a stabilized, rotating electrical member with good tactile click switch is pressed.

由于橡胶构件13的平坦面与连接构件15的平坦面碰接,因此连接构件15对橡胶构件13的按压为面按压,橡胶构件13的变形一定,提供了一种咔嗒触感极好的带按压式开关的旋转型电气部件。 Since the flat surface of the flat surface 13 and the connecting member 15 of the rubber member abutting against, the connection member 15 presses the rubber member 13 is pressed against the surface, a certain deformation of the rubber member 13, a click feel with excellent press type rotating electrical switch member.

并且,突出部15c设置在连接构件15上,并可存放于安装基体4的存放部内,因此,安装连接构件15时的位置确定,不仅安装性能良好,而且,能够通过连接构件15决定操作轴7的自由端接合部7d的位置,可提供操作轴7的操作性能良好、稳定的带按压开关的旋转型电气部件。 Further, the protruding portion 15c provided on the connecting member 15, and may be stored in the mounting storing unit base 4. Thus, mounting the connecting member to determine the position 15, the only installation good performance, and, through connecting member 15 on the operating shaft 7 7d position engaging the free end of the operating shaft may be provided in good working 7, stabilized with a rotary electric component push switch.

Claims (4)

  1. 1.一种带按压式开关的旋转型电气部件,包括:操作轴;轴承,其固定该操作轴,同时形成有存放部;旋转体,其内设有可插入操作轴的孔,该旋转体被装入所述存放部内,同时具有旋转型电气部件的可动触点;安装基体,其覆盖所述存放部的开口部,并具有向所述旋转型电气部件的可动触点滑动的旋转型电气部件的固定触点、以及孔;按压式开关,其设置在所述安装基体的后部,并具有按压式开关用可动触点和按压式开关用固定触点、以及使按压式开关用可动触点动作的碗状橡胶构件;连接构件,其设置在所述操作轴和橡胶构件之间,将所述操作轴的移动传递给橡胶构件;其特征是,设置在所述操作轴端部的接合部与所述连接构件的接合部嵌合结合,同时在所述连接构件与所述橡胶构件中的一方设有凹部,另一方设有凸部,凹凸相互结合;所述 A rotary electrical component with push switch comprising: an operating shaft; bearing fixed to the operating shaft, while the storage portion is formed; rotating body, equipped with holes which can be inserted in the operating shaft, the rotary member It is loaded within the storage portion while the rotary electrical component having a movable contact; mounting base, which covers an opening portion of the storage portion, and having a movable contact rotates the rotary electric sliding member type electrical fixed contact member, and a hole; press switch, which is disposed at the rear of the mounting base and with a push switch having a movable contact and fixed contact push switch, and the pressing switch a rubber bowl with an operation of the movable contact member; connecting member disposed between said operating shaft and a rubber member, the movement of the operating shaft is transmitted to the rubber member; characterized in that said operating shaft disposed engaging an end portion of the fitting combined with the connecting member engaging portion, while a concave portion on one of the connecting member and the rubber member, the other of a convex portion, convex bonded to each other; the 接构件在所述安装基体的孔中被导向且插通该安装基体的孔,所述操作轴在所述轴承和安装基体的两点支撑状态下可旋转地被固定,通过所述操作轴的旋转动作,使所述旋转体旋转,由此操作所述旋转型电气部件,同时,通过所述操作轴的轴向移动,借助所述连接构件使橡胶构件可动,操作所述按压式开关。 Connected to said mounting member in a hole in the base body is guided and inserted in the mounting hole through the base member, said operating shaft is rotatably supported at two points fixed in a state of the bearing and the mounting base through said operating shaft rotation operation, the rotary body, thereby operating the rotary electric component, while axial movement of the operating shaft by means of the connecting member so that the movable rubber member, operation of the push switch.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的带按压式开关的旋转型电气部件,其特征是,在上述操作轴的旋转轴线上,设有上述操作轴、上述连接构件的接合部及上述连接构件与上述橡胶构件的凹部和凸部。 2. The rotary type electrical component with a push switch according to claim, characterized in that, on the rotation axis of the operation shaft, the operation shaft is provided with said engaging portion and said connection member with said member the rubber member concave and convex portions.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的带按压式开关的旋转型电气部件,其特征是,在碗状的上述橡胶构件呈平坦面的顶部,设有上述凹部或上述凸部,与上述橡胶构件的顶部相对的上述连接构件的相对面形成平坦面,在上述橡胶构件的平坦面与上述连接构件的平坦面相碰接的状态下,使凹凸相互结合。 3. The electrical component as claimed in rotary type with a push switch according to the requirements of the rubber member, characterized in that, as a top flat surface in said bowl-shaped rubber member, is provided with the concave portion or the convex portion, the state of the connection member opposing face opposing a flat top surface, the flat surface of the rubber member is connected to the flat surface of the contact member collide, so combined with each other irregularities.
  4. 4.如权利要求3所述的带按压式开关的旋转型电气部件,其特征是,在上述连接构件上,设置具有上述平坦面的突出部,装配在安装基体上的存放部可支承上述突出部。 The rotary type electrical component with push switch recited in claim 3, characterized in that on the connecting member is provided having a protruding portion of the flat surface, the mounting assembly storing portion may be a base supporting the projection unit.
CN 98120136 1997-10-08 1998-10-07 Rotary electrical parts with press switch CN1106028C (en)

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JP27595397A JPH11121210A (en) 1997-10-08 1997-10-08 Rotary electric part having pushing switch

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CN1213841A true CN1213841A (en) 1999-04-14
CN1106028C true CN1106028C (en) 2003-04-16

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CN102455190B (en) * 2010-10-23 2013-11-20 深圳市鑫汇科电子有限公司 Magnetic induction water-proof encoder
JP5681004B2 (en) * 2011-03-14 2015-03-04 アルプス電気株式会社 Composite operation type electric parts
DE102012023679C5 (en) * 2012-11-26 2016-11-17 Fritz Kübler GmbH Zähl- und Sensortechnik Position securing element, encoder system having a position-securing element as well as methods for attaching a rotary encoder system
CN105339871A (en) * 2013-06-11 2016-02-17 苹果公司 Rotary input mechanism for electronic device
US9753436B2 (en) 2013-06-11 2017-09-05 Apple Inc. Rotary input mechanism for an electronic device
KR20180033607A (en) 2013-08-09 2018-04-03 애플 인크. Tactile switch for an electronic device
CN104362023B (en) * 2014-10-14 2016-06-29 东莞高仪电子科技有限公司 An encoder-off switch function
EP3251139A1 (en) 2015-03-08 2017-12-06 Apple Inc. Compressible seal for rotatable and translatable input mechanisms
JP2017068950A (en) * 2015-09-29 2017-04-06 アルプス電気株式会社 Rotational type electric component
JP2017068951A (en) * 2015-09-29 2017-04-06 アルプス電気株式会社 Rotational type electric component
US9891651B2 (en) 2016-02-27 2018-02-13 Apple Inc. Rotatable input mechanism having adjustable output

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