CN110589690A - Climbing method of internal climbing tower crane in narrow space - Google Patents

Climbing method of internal climbing tower crane in narrow space Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110589690A
CN110589690A CN201910721614.1A CN201910721614A CN110589690A CN 110589690 A CN110589690 A CN 110589690A CN 201910721614 A CN201910721614 A CN 201910721614A CN 110589690 A CN110589690 A CN 110589690A
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China
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climbing
tower crane
steel
frame
internal
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CN201910721614.1A
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CN110589690B (en
Inventor
杨宗良
张彦
徐亮
江超
胡向宇
魏建忠
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Shanghai Baoye Group Corp Ltd
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Shanghai Baoye Group Corp Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/18Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes
    • B66C23/20Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes with supporting couples provided by walls of buildings or like structures
    • B66C23/24Mobile wall cranes

Abstract

The invention discloses a climbing method of an internal climbing tower crane in a narrow space, wherein three sets of internal climbing frames and four sets of climbing steel beams are placed in a core tube structure of a building, and the first to third internal climbing frames and the climbing steel beams are arranged at the bottom, the middle part and the upper part of a tower crane body; the bottom of the tower crane body climbs to the positions of the second inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beam, and the third inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beam are positioned in the middle of the tower crane body; arranging a fourth climbing steel beam on the upper part of the tower crane body, dismantling the first inner climbing frame, and directly transporting the first inner climbing frame from the inside of the building core tube structure to the position of the fourth climbing steel beam and installing the fourth climbing steel beam; when the internal climbing tower crane subsequently climbs, the first climbing steel beam and the second internal climbing frame are dismantled to the upper part of the tower crane body; and sequentially executing the steps to finish the climbing operation of the tower crane body in all climbing strokes. The method has the advantages that the inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beam are directly transported in the building, the interference of the upper die carrier system is less, the integral climbing time and cost of the tower crane are saved, and the potential safety hazard is avoided.

Description

Climbing method of internal climbing tower crane in narrow space
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of hoisting machinery, in particular to a climbing method of an internal climbing tower crane in a narrow space.
Background
The inner climbing tower crane is a tower crane which is arranged in a core tube structure such as an elevator shaft or a staircase in a building, can climb upwards gradually along with the construction progress, and has incomparable superiority and practical value. The tower crane is constructed in the building, does not occupy the construction site, is suitable for on-site narrow projects, and is particularly beneficial to urban area reconstruction and extension projects; tracks do not need to be laid, a reinforced concrete foundation does not need to be specially manufactured, construction preparation is simple (only holes need to be reserved, strength is locally improved), and cost is saved; a plurality of anchoring devices and complex attachment operation are not needed; the working range is large. The internal climbing tower crane is arranged in the middle of a building to cover the building, so that the range of extending out of the building is small, and surrounding obstacles, sidewalks and the like are effectively avoided; because the crane boom can be shorter, the hoisting performance can be fully exerted; the construction requirement can be met only by a small number of standard sections and a common tower body of 30 meters (wind load is small), one-time investment is low, the height of the building is higher, and the economic benefit is more obvious.
As shown in fig. 1, when climbing operation is performed on the current internal climbing tower crane, the tower crane body 1 is usually fixed by three sets of internal climbing frames 1a, 2a, 3a and climbing steel beams 1b, 2b, 3b arranged at intervals on the tower crane body 1, after the climbing operation is completed, the tower crane body 1 is fixed by the upper two sets of internal climbing frames 2a, 3a and climbing steel beams 2b, 3b, after the bottommost set of internal climbing frames 1a and climbing steel beams 1b are removed, the internal climbing frames and climbing steel beams need to be transported to the outdoor for stacking, and are installed and used as the uppermost internal climbing frames and climbing steel beams of the tower crane during the next climbing operation.
But because the interior tower machine that climbs generally sets up inside building core section of thick bamboo structure, because building core section of thick bamboo construction adopts climbing formwork, jack-up die class die carrier system from lift-type usually, the position that this type of die carrier system upper portion platform was reserved for interior tower machine that climbs is very narrow and small usually. Interior frame and the girder steel that climbs are in recycling use, need tear earlier the interior frame that climbs and tear the girder steel that climbs again open when demolising, must adorn earlier again in the installation and climb the girder steel reloading and climb the frame in, this just causes the interior frame that climbs and need look for the place earlier after tearing down and deposit, the interior frame that climbs that is inside a core section of thick bamboo and the girder steel that climbs can't be transported to outdoor from a core section of thick bamboo top, and in the time of super high-rise core section of thick bamboo construction, no horizontal structure in the core section of thick bamboo, consequently, need to transport to the barrel outside from the barrel inside, this process is very consuming time, generally need the manual work to climb the frame and climb the girder steel from the core section of thick bamboo side in taking out, thereby realize the interior frame and the transportation of the girder steel that climbs, this operation process.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a climbing method of an internal climbing tower crane in a narrow space, which overcomes the defect of climbing operation of the traditional internal climbing tower crane, converts the process of transporting an internal climbing frame and a climbing steel beam of the internal climbing tower crane to the outside into the process of transporting the internal climbing frame and the climbing steel beam to the outside, is less interfered by an upper die carrier system, saves the overall climbing time and cost of the tower crane and avoids potential safety hazards.
In order to solve the technical problem, the climbing method of the internal climbing tower crane in the narrow space comprises the following steps:
placing three sets of inner climbing frames and four sets of climbing steel beams in a core tube structure of a building, wherein the first inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beams are arranged at the bottom of a tower crane body, the second inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beams are arranged in the middle of the tower crane body, and the third inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beams are arranged at the upper part of the tower crane body;
step two, when the internal climbing tower crane normally runs to need climbing, the tower crane body carries out internal climbing operation, the bottom of the tower crane body climbs to the positions of a second internal climbing frame and a climbing steel beam, a third internal climbing frame and the climbing steel beam are located in the middle of the tower crane body, and the tower crane body is supported by the second internal climbing frame, the climbing steel beam, the third internal climbing frame and the climbing steel beam;
step three, arranging a fourth climbing steel beam on the upper part of the tower crane body, dismantling the first inner climbing frame, directly transporting the first inner climbing frame to the fourth climbing steel beam position from the interior of the building core tube structure, and installing the fourth climbing steel beam, wherein the tower crane body is supported by the second inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beam, the third inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beam, the fourth climbing steel beam and the first inner climbing frame;
when the internal climbing tower crane normally runs to follow-up climbing, performing internal climbing operation on the tower crane body, climbing the bottom of the tower crane body to the third internal climbing frame and the climbing steel beam position, positioning the fourth climbing steel beam and the first internal climbing frame in the middle of the tower crane body, and supporting the tower crane body by the third internal climbing frame, the climbing steel beam, the fourth climbing steel beam and the first internal climbing frame;
fifthly, dismantling the first climbing steel beam and the second inner climbing frame and directly transporting the first climbing steel beam and the second inner climbing frame from the inside of the building core tube structure to the upper part of the tower crane body for installation, wherein the tower crane body is supported by the third inner climbing frame, the climbing steel beam, the fourth climbing steel beam, the first inner climbing frame, the first climbing steel beam and the second inner climbing frame;
and step six, repeating the step two to the step six, and completing the climbing operation of the tower crane body on all climbing strokes.
The climbing method of the internal climbing tower crane in the narrow space adopts the technical scheme, namely three sets of internal climbing frames and four sets of climbing steel beams are placed in the core tube structure of the building, and the first to third internal climbing frames and the climbing steel beams are respectively arranged at the bottom, the middle part and the upper part of the tower crane body; the bottom of the tower crane body climbs to the positions of the second inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beam, and the third inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beam are positioned in the middle of the tower crane body; arranging a fourth climbing steel beam on the upper part of the tower crane body, dismantling the first inner climbing frame, and directly transporting the first inner climbing frame from the inside of the building core tube structure to the position of the fourth climbing steel beam and installing the fourth climbing steel beam; when the internal climbing tower crane subsequently climbs, the first climbing steel beam and the second internal climbing frame are dismantled to the upper part of the tower crane body; and sequentially executing the steps to finish the climbing operation of the tower crane body in all climbing strokes. The method converts the process of transporting the inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beam of the inner climbing tower crane to the outdoor into the process of transporting the inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beam to the outdoor inside a building, is less interfered by an upper die carrier system, saves the integral climbing time and cost of the tower crane and avoids potential safety hazards.
Drawings
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the following figures and embodiments:
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a conventional internal tower crane climbing operation;
FIG. 2 is a first schematic view of a climbing method of an internal tower crane in a narrow space according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a second climbing method of the internal tower crane in a narrow space according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a third schematic view of a climbing method of the internal tower crane in a narrow space according to the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of a climbing method of the internal tower climbing machine in a narrow space according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
Embodiment as shown in fig. 2 to 5, the climbing method of the internal tower crane in a narrow space of the invention comprises the following steps:
step one, as shown in fig. 2, three sets of inner climbing frames and four sets of climbing steel beams are placed inside a core tube structure of a building, a first inner climbing frame 1a and a climbing steel beam 1B are arranged at the bottom a of a tower crane body 1, a second inner climbing frame 2a and a climbing steel beam 2B are arranged at the middle part B of the tower crane body 1, and a third inner climbing frame 3a and a climbing steel beam 3B are arranged at the upper part C of the tower crane body 1;
step two, as shown in fig. 3, when the internal climbing tower crane normally runs to need climbing, the tower crane body 1 carries out internal climbing operation, the bottom of the tower crane body 1 climbs to the positions of a second internal climbing frame 2a and a climbing steel beam 2b, a third internal climbing frame 3a and a climbing steel beam 3b are positioned in the middle of the tower crane body 1, and the tower crane body 1 is supported by the second internal climbing frame 2a, the climbing steel beam 2b, the third internal climbing frame 3a and the climbing steel beam 3 b;
step three, as shown in fig. 4, arranging a fourth climbing steel beam 4b on the upper part of the tower crane body 1, dismantling the first inner climbing frame 1a, directly transporting the first inner climbing steel beam to the position of the fourth climbing steel beam 4b from the inside of the building core tube structure, and installing the fourth climbing steel beam 4b, wherein the tower crane body 1 is supported by the second inner climbing frame 2a, the climbing steel beam 2b, the third inner climbing frame 3a, the climbing steel beam 3b, the fourth climbing steel beam 4b and the first inner climbing frame 1 a;
step four, as shown in fig. 5, when the internal climbing tower crane normally runs to subsequent climbing, the tower crane body 1 carries out internal climbing operation, the bottom of the tower crane body 1 climbs to the positions of a third internal climbing frame 3a and a climbing steel beam 3b, a fourth climbing steel beam 4b and a first internal climbing frame 1a are positioned in the middle of the tower crane body 1, and the tower crane body 1 is supported by the third internal climbing frame 3a, the climbing steel beam 3b, the fourth climbing steel beam 4b and the first internal climbing frame 1 a;
fifthly, dismantling the first climbing steel beam 1b and the second inner climbing frame 2a and directly transporting the first climbing steel beam and the second inner climbing frame to the upper part of the tower crane body 1 from the inside of the building core tube structure, wherein the tower crane body is supported by a third inner climbing frame 3a, a climbing steel beam 3b, a fourth climbing steel beam 4b, the first inner climbing frame 1a, the first climbing steel beam 1b and the second inner climbing frame 2 a;
and step six, repeating the step two to the step six, and completing the climbing operation of the tower crane body on all climbing strokes.
When the internal climbing tower crane is in climbing operation, due to the limitation of narrow space of a top formwork system, the internal climbing frame and the climbing steel beam are difficult to transport to the outside of a building, and the method changes the transportation and storage of the internal climbing frame and the climbing steel beam of the tower crane body in the whole climbing process into the inside of a core tube by additionally arranging a set of climbing steel beam in the core tube of the building, so that a large amount of labor and time are saved. The specific transportation of the inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beam inside the core barrel of the building can be realized by adopting an auxiliary lifting device of a climbing tower crane in a narrow space disclosed in Chinese patent document CN 203545501U. The method is suitable for the construction process of the core cylinder of the super high-rise building, and simultaneously adopts the engineering of the internal climbing tower crane and the self-elevating formwork system, the engineering is not suitable for reserving larger transportation holes due to the integrity requirement of a top platform of the formwork system, a large amount of labor and time are consumed for transporting the internal climbing frame and the climbing steel beam from the side surface of the core cylinder, and the safety risk is larger. By adopting the method, the transportation process of the inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beam can be changed to be carried out in the building, the interference of the upper die carrier system is less, and the integral climbing time and cost of the tower crane body are saved.

Claims (1)

1. A climbing method of an internal climbing tower crane in a narrow space is characterized by comprising the following steps:
placing three sets of inner climbing frames and four sets of climbing steel beams in a core tube structure of a building, wherein the first inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beams are arranged at the bottom of a tower crane body, the second inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beams are arranged in the middle of the tower crane body, and the third inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beams are arranged at the upper part of the tower crane body;
step two, when the internal climbing tower crane normally runs to need climbing, the tower crane body carries out internal climbing operation, the bottom of the tower crane body climbs to the positions of a second internal climbing frame and a climbing steel beam, a third internal climbing frame and the climbing steel beam are located in the middle of the tower crane body, and the tower crane body is supported by the second internal climbing frame, the climbing steel beam, the third internal climbing frame and the climbing steel beam;
step three, arranging a fourth climbing steel beam on the upper part of the tower crane body, dismantling the first inner climbing frame, directly transporting the first inner climbing frame to the fourth climbing steel beam position from the interior of the building core tube structure, and installing the fourth climbing steel beam, wherein the tower crane body is supported by the second inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beam, the third inner climbing frame and the climbing steel beam, the fourth climbing steel beam and the first inner climbing frame;
when the internal climbing tower crane normally runs to follow-up climbing, performing internal climbing operation on the tower crane body, climbing the bottom of the tower crane body to the third internal climbing frame and the climbing steel beam position, positioning the fourth climbing steel beam and the first internal climbing frame in the middle of the tower crane body, and supporting the tower crane body by the third internal climbing frame, the climbing steel beam, the fourth climbing steel beam and the first internal climbing frame;
fifthly, dismantling the first climbing steel beam and the second inner climbing frame and directly transporting the first climbing steel beam and the second inner climbing frame from the inside of the building core tube structure to the upper part of the tower crane body for installation, wherein the tower crane body is supported by the third inner climbing frame, the climbing steel beam, the fourth climbing steel beam, the first inner climbing frame, the first climbing steel beam and the second inner climbing frame;
and step six, repeating the step two to the step six, and completing the climbing operation of the tower crane body on all climbing strokes.
CN201910721614.1A 2019-08-06 2019-08-06 Climbing method of internal climbing tower crane in narrow space Active CN110589690B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112854467A (en) * 2021-01-05 2021-05-28 上海建工一建集团有限公司 Construction method for lifting supporting steel beam of inner climbing tower crane

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201501749U (en) * 2009-09-18 2010-06-09 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Self-climbing type tower machine
CN201665485U (en) * 2009-12-29 2010-12-08 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司 Internal-climbing device of tower crane and internal-climbing component of tower crane
CN103482493A (en) * 2013-09-13 2014-01-01 上海建工五建集团有限公司 Internal climbing tower crane
CN103922231A (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-07-16 南通庞源机械工程有限公司 Climbing method of inside-climbing tower crane for super high-rise building
CN203903834U (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-10-29 四川锦城建筑机械有限责任公司 Internal-climbing tower crane
CN106219419A (en) * 2016-09-19 2016-12-14 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 High-rise building large-scale swing arm tower crane is converted to plug-in construction method by interior climbing in situ
CN207511723U (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-06-19 北京紫竹慧建设服务股份有限公司 A kind of flat arm tower crane supporting beam transporting device of new construction inner climbing type

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201501749U (en) * 2009-09-18 2010-06-09 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Self-climbing type tower machine
CN201665485U (en) * 2009-12-29 2010-12-08 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司 Internal-climbing device of tower crane and internal-climbing component of tower crane
CN103482493A (en) * 2013-09-13 2014-01-01 上海建工五建集团有限公司 Internal climbing tower crane
CN103922231A (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-07-16 南通庞源机械工程有限公司 Climbing method of inside-climbing tower crane for super high-rise building
CN203903834U (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-10-29 四川锦城建筑机械有限责任公司 Internal-climbing tower crane
CN106219419A (en) * 2016-09-19 2016-12-14 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 High-rise building large-scale swing arm tower crane is converted to plug-in construction method by interior climbing in situ
CN207511723U (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-06-19 北京紫竹慧建设服务股份有限公司 A kind of flat arm tower crane supporting beam transporting device of new construction inner climbing type

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112854467A (en) * 2021-01-05 2021-05-28 上海建工一建集团有限公司 Construction method for lifting supporting steel beam of inner climbing tower crane

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