CN110557171A - HPLC communication system and communication method - Google Patents

HPLC communication system and communication method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110557171A
CN110557171A CN201910840283.3A CN201910840283A CN110557171A CN 110557171 A CN110557171 A CN 110557171A CN 201910840283 A CN201910840283 A CN 201910840283A CN 110557171 A CN110557171 A CN 110557171A
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equipment
power
power consumption
electric
intelligent
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CN201910840283.3A
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CN110557171B (en
Inventor
高佩玲
柳顺行
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Beijing Zhongke Gaohong Electronic Co Ltd
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Beijing Zhongke Gaohong Electronic Co Ltd
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B3/00Line transmission systems
    • H04B3/54Systems for transmission via power distribution lines
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B3/00Line transmission systems
    • H04B3/54Systems for transmission via power distribution lines
    • H04B3/56Circuits for coupling, blocking, or by-passing of signals
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L41/00Arrangements for maintenance, administration or management of data switching networks, e.g. of packet switching networks
    • H04L41/06Management of faults, events, alarms or notifications
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L43/00Arrangements for monitoring or testing data switching networks
    • H04L43/08Monitoring or testing based on specific metrics, e.g. QoS, energy consumption or environmental parameters
    • H04L43/0805Monitoring or testing based on specific metrics, e.g. QoS, energy consumption or environmental parameters by checking availability
    • H04L43/0817Monitoring or testing based on specific metrics, e.g. QoS, energy consumption or environmental parameters by checking availability by checking functioning
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network arrangements or protocols for supporting network services or applications
    • H04L67/01Protocols
    • H04L67/02Protocols based on web technology, e.g. hypertext transfer protocol [HTTP]
    • H04L67/025Protocols based on web technology, e.g. hypertext transfer protocol [HTTP] for remote control or remote monitoring of applications
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING OR COUNTING
    • G06QINFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL OR SUPERVISORY PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL OR SUPERVISORY PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q50/00Systems or methods specially adapted for specific business sectors, e.g. utilities or tourism
    • G06Q50/06Electricity, gas or water supply
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING OR COUNTING
    • G06QINFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL OR SUPERVISORY PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL OR SUPERVISORY PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q50/00Systems or methods specially adapted for specific business sectors, e.g. utilities or tourism
    • G06Q50/10Services
    • G06Q50/16Real estate
    • G06Q50/163Property management
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C19/00Electric signal transmission systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C23/00Non-electrical signal transmission systems, e.g. optical systems
    • G08C23/06Non-electrical signal transmission systems, e.g. optical systems through light guides, e.g. optical fibres

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of broadband power line carriers, and discloses an HPLC communication system which comprises a power supply company terminal and a property management center terminal, wherein the power supply company terminal and the property management center terminal are interactively connected through the Internet, the power supply company terminal and the property management center terminal are connected with a concentrator through optical fiber communication, the concentrator is connected with a coupler through a wire, and a fracture of the coupler is connected with a power line. Carry to the controller, judge whether equipment is in qualified within the scope through the controller again for the leakage quantity of equipment and the ageing degree of components and parts, follow power consumption contrast, thereby judge whether equipment is in qualified according to broadband power line carrier, simultaneously through alarm module system, carry out real-time detection to equipment, if when breaking down, in time report to the police the equipment, thereby reduce the appearance of trouble among the electric power system, reduce the fluctuation of electric power system power consumption simultaneously, maintain the electric wire netting and be in relatively stable state.

Description

HPLC communication system and communication method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of broadband power line carriers, in particular to an HPLC communication system and a communication method.
Background
HPLC is a high-speed power line carrier, also known as a broadband power line carrier, and is a broadband power line carrier technology for data transmission over low-voltage power lines.
The existing broadband power line carrier communication network uses a power line as a communication medium to realize a communication network for gathering, transmitting and interacting power consumption information of low-voltage power users, the broadband power line carrier mainly adopts an Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) technology, the frequency band uses 2MHz-12MHz, compared with the traditional low-speed narrowband power line carrier technology, the HPLC technology has large bandwidth and high transmission rate and can meet the higher requirement of low-voltage power line carrier communication, while the HPLC communication system can only transmit the power consumption to a power meter according to the usage amount of equipment in use and transmit data to a power supply company through the power line, the whole power system can only transmit the power consumption of the equipment in real time and cannot judge whether the power consumption of the equipment is in a standard range, if the equipment has the power consumption slowly increased due to power leakage or aging of components, the electric power system can not detect, lead to the equipment power consumption more and more, user power consumption is constantly rising, lead to the electric wire netting system to need distribute more electric quantity and carry user terminal, thereby increase electric power system's load, equipment is in electric power system use simultaneously, can't make the loss volume of equipment according to the hourly power consumption of equipment, lead to various equipment when using, can only transmit to whole electric power meter, further reduce the analysis of equipment, cause whole broadband power line to carry the system and be in unknown within range, when leading to electrical damage, electric power change also can appear in whole broadband power line carries the system, cause the electric wire netting to appear undulant, influence normal electric power system power transmission.
Disclosure of Invention
in view of the above drawbacks of the background art, the present invention provides an HPLC communication system and a communication method, which have the advantages of reducing the load of the power system and performing intelligent analysis, and solve the problems of the background art.
The invention provides the following technical scheme: an HPLC communication system comprises a power supply company terminal and a property management center terminal, wherein the power supply company terminal and the property management center terminal are in interactive connection through the Internet, the power supply company terminal and the property management center terminal are connected with a concentrator through optical fiber communication, the concentrator is connected with a coupler through a wire, a power line is connected to a fracture of the coupler, one end of the power line is connected with a transformer, the other end of the power line is connected with a collector, the fracture of the collector is connected with a user box through a wire, a voltmeter is installed in the user box, the other end of the power line is connected with an intelligent bidirectional ammeter, a communication module is arranged in the intelligent bidirectional ammeter, a super direct current capacitor is arranged in the communication module, and the communication module comprises a power failure reporting function, an electric leakage reminding function, a phase recognition function, automatic registration of the ammeter, a power failure warning, The transmission of platform district signal, module communication network deployment, platform district distinguish the function, the fracture department of two-way ammeter of intelligence is connected with dc-to-ac converter, switch, electric power cat respectively, the port department of two-way ammeter of intelligence is connected with intelligent mutual terminal through the wire, intelligent mutual terminal is connected with intelligent remote control unit through electric power communication, two-way ammeter of intelligence is connected with the controller through the wire.
Preferably, the inverter includes a water heater, the switch includes a television and a telephone, the power modem includes a computer, a power assembly generated by the water heater, the television, the telephone and the computer is displayed on an intelligent bidirectional electric meter, the station area distinguishing function includes the ability to identify the affiliation of the station area of the power modem itself, information of the cross-station electric meter is reported to a collection master station through a daily meter reading task, the affiliation and change condition of the station area of the electric meter itself are determined, the power failure reporting function includes important events and general events, the contents of the important events can be actively reported through a communication unit of the electric meter, the general events are reported through a concentrator active query mode, for an unequal network, all abnormal events are reported through a concentrator active query mode, the time of the reporting master station is not more than 90 seconds, the reporting accuracy is not less than 90%, the event comprises power failure event reporting and power up event reporting, the module node judges power failure occurrence, and one waiting time and unit are randomly selected: ms, when the waiting time expires, generating a power failure message, sending the power failure message in a local broadcasting mode, waiting for T seconds to perform data collection after the local power failure message is sent, analyzing the power failure message every time the power failure message is received in the waiting period, merging and updating the analyzed result and stored information into a latest result, generating the power failure message with the latest result when the sending time expires every time, starting waiting for 30 seconds after the power failure module node receives a first frame of power failure information message, analyzing and merging and centralizing all power failure information received in the waiting period, generating a message unicast according to the final result after the waiting time expires and reporting to a CCO (central processing unit), and performing the same processing without distinguishing after each power failure node receives the power failure message; phase place discernment includes, and communication unit should be able to accurate discernment its affiliated ammeter power supply phase place, for work such as field platform district and customer for split-phase line loss control, power supply line optimization provide accurate basis, the electric energy meter automatic registration includes, and communication unit reports 485 meters or intelligent electric energy meter communication address, stipulation and phase's function under the collector according to self platform variable relation initiative, can not collect non-this platform district electric energy meter information, the sending of platform district signal includes, receives concentrator route module's command after, appointed ammeter communication unit node sends platform district locating information, module communication network connection includes, responds the carrier wave network connection command of concentrator main module. The HPLC module supports intelligent networking and networking intelligent optimization, and the networking time is not more than 15 min. Meanwhile, the sub-node module supports intelligent relaying.
Preferably, the intelligent remote control device comprises an air conditioner, an electric cooker, a refrigerator and a washing machine, the port of the intelligent interaction terminal is connected with a wireless terminal, and the wireless terminal comprises a water meter and a gas meter.
Preferably, the controller is externally connected with a control panel through a wire, the controller comprises equipment classification items, equipment power consumption threshold setting and an automatic alarm module, the electrical equipment classification items comprise equipment hourly operation transport volume and equipment operation parameters, the equipment hourly power consumption exceeds a preset threshold value and then automatically alarms, the equipment is thrown onto the control panel after alarming and prompts the equipment exceeding the power consumption, the equipment is selected to be repaired or continuously used according to the power consumption details, the equipment does not exceed the threshold value, the power consumption is transmitted to a database, then a report is generated, and the equipment report details can be selected in a user-defined mode.
An HPLC communication method, presetting the maximum threshold value of the power consumption of an air conditioner, an electric cooker, a refrigerator, a washing machine, a computer, a television, a telephone and a water heater per hour, setting by self according to the user usage, when the equipment is used, the generated power is transmitted to an intelligent two-way ammeter by using a power line as an information transmission medium, the generated power is transmitted to a controller by the power line, then the controller compares the power consumption of the equipment used in real time per hour according to the preset threshold value, compares each equipment according to the difference of the equipment, automatically alarms if the power consumption of the equipment exceeds the preset threshold value by an automatic alarm module, analyzes the power consumption of the equipment by the controller, and puts the exceeded equipment on a control panel, a user can obtain the details of the exceeded equipment by clicking the control panel, and judges whether the equipment is in power leakage or not or the power consumption caused by the aging of components is increased, then, a user manually selects whether to report the repair, if the equipment does not exceed a preset threshold value, the controller transmits the power consumption of the equipment to a database, the subsequent power consumption is compared, then a table is generated by the power consumption and the power consumption details of each equipment are recorded, and then the user manually selects whether to put the power consumption details on a control panel;
The electric quantity generated by the equipment is transmitted to a pre-installed electric power meter through an electric power line, then the electric quantity is transmitted to the concentrator through the collector and the coupler through amplified signals, then the concentrator is transmitted to the power supply company terminal and the property management center through the optical fiber channel, and if the electric quantity has a fault, the power supply company terminal or the property management center terminal can automatically regulate and control parameters of the voltmeter through the Internet.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. The HPLC communication system and the communication method classify the equipment through the controller, so that the equipment generates different power consumption amounts in use, then, the comparison is carried out according to the preset standard threshold value and the power consumption generated in real time, so that the broadband power line carrier can be transmitted to the controller in a signal transmission mode according to the power consumption of the equipment, and then the controller judges whether the equipment is in a qualified range or not, so that the leakage amount of the equipment and the aging degree of components are compared along with the power consumption, therefore, whether the equipment is qualified or not is judged according to the broadband power line carrier, and meanwhile, through the alarm module system, the method comprises the steps of detecting equipment in real time, and timely reporting and repairing the equipment if the equipment fails, so that the occurrence of faults in the power system is reduced, the fluctuation of the power consumption of the power system is reduced, and the power grid is maintained in a relatively stable state.
2. The HPLC communication system and the communication method have the advantages that the electric energy meter can realize the identification of the self-region attribution through the region distinguishing function, the electric energy meter can automatically identify the region to which the electric energy meter belongs, the communication module judges the power failure occurrence according to the change of the power consumption through the power failure reporting function and generates a power failure message which is sent in a local broadcasting mode, the accuracy rate of the message in sending is not less than 90 percent, a master station can timely obtain the power failure, the affiliated power failure region is timely maintained, the communication module automatically identifies the power supply phase of the electric energy meter according to the difference of the affiliated region through the phase identification, the circuit is convenient to optimize, the electric energy meter is automatically registered, the disorder of the management of a metering automatic system and the leak of a power utilization file are avoided, the whole power grid is more intelligent, and the planning and the optimization of the region to which the electric energy meter belongs can be realized through a power line, and the stability of the power grid and the power utilization is improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic flow diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic flow diagram of an alarm module of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of a classification flow of electrical equipment.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-3, an HPLC communication system includes a power supply company terminal and a property management center terminal, the power supply company terminal and the property management center terminal are interactively connected through the internet, the power supply company terminal and the property management center terminal are connected with a concentrator through optical fiber communication, the concentrator is connected with a coupler through a wire, a break of the coupler is connected with a power line, one end of the power line is connected with a transformer, the other end of the power line is connected with a collector, the break of the collector is connected with a user box through a wire, a voltmeter is installed in the user box, the other end of the power line is connected with an intelligent bidirectional ammeter, the intelligent bidirectional ammeter is equipped with a communication module, the communication unit adopts a power frequency alternating current power supply or a direct current power supply, and the normal working voltage allows a rated value deviation of ± 1V, when an alternating current single-phase or three-phase four-wire power supply supplies power, the capacity of resisting single-phase earth fault of a three-phase four-wire power distribution network should be realized, the capacity of resisting 1.9 times of nominal voltage 4h is realized, the alternating current magnetic flux density generated in a working state is less than 0.5mT, the long-term overvoltage capacity which can be endured by a wave communication unit is that a phase line and a zero line can bear 420V overvoltage for not less than 4 hours, a super direct current capacitor is arranged in a communication module, the communication module comprises a power failure reporting function, an electric leakage reminding function, phase identification, automatic registration of an electric energy meter, sending of a station area signal, module communication networking and station area distinguishing functions, the station area distinguishing comprises the electric energy meter communication module, the electric energy meter communication module can realize identification of station area affiliation of the communication module, information of the trans-station electric energy meter is reported to a collection master station through a daily meter reading task, the station affiliation and change conditions, L/N reciprocity and negative phase sequence include, require that three-phase table communication unit can monitor the problem of the negative phase sequence of three-phase table to the unusual circumstances such as L/N reciprocity, reverse order that the on-the-spot ammeter probably exists, the fracture department of the two-way ammeter of intelligence is connected with dc-to-ac converter, switch, electric power cat respectively, the port department of the two-way ammeter of intelligence is connected with intelligent interactive terminal through the wire, intelligent interactive terminal has intelligent remote control unit through electric power communication connection, the two-way ammeter of intelligence is connected with the controller through the wire.
Preferably, the inverter includes a water heater, the switch includes a television and a telephone, the power modem includes a computer, a power assembly generated by the water heater, the television, the telephone and the computer is displayed on an intelligent bidirectional electric meter, the station area distinguishing function includes the ability to identify the affiliation of the station area of the power modem itself, information of the cross-station electric meter is reported to a collection master station through a daily meter reading task, the affiliation and change condition of the station area of the electric meter itself are determined, the power failure reporting function includes important events and general events, the contents of the important events can be actively reported through a communication unit of the electric meter, the general events are reported through a concentrator active query mode, for an unequal network, all abnormal events are reported through a concentrator active query mode, the time of the reporting master station is not more than 90 seconds, the reporting accuracy is not less than 90%, the event comprises power failure event reporting and power up event reporting, the module node judges power failure occurrence, and one waiting time and unit are randomly selected: ms, when the waiting time expires, generating a power failure message, sending the power failure message in a local broadcasting mode, waiting for T seconds to perform data collection after the local power failure message is sent, analyzing the power failure message every time the power failure message is received in the waiting period, merging and updating the analyzed result and stored information into a latest result, generating the power failure message with the latest result when the sending time expires every time, starting waiting for 30 seconds after the power failure module node receives a first frame of power failure information message, analyzing and merging and centralizing all power failure information received in the waiting period, generating a message unicast according to the final result after the waiting time expires and reporting to a CCO (central processing unit), and performing the same processing without distinguishing after each power failure node receives the power failure message; phase place discernment includes, and communication unit should be able to accurate discernment its affiliated ammeter power supply phase place, for work such as field platform district and customer for split-phase line loss control, power supply line optimization provide accurate basis, the electric energy meter automatic registration includes, and communication unit reports 485 meters or intelligent electric energy meter communication address, stipulation and phase's function under the collector according to self platform variable relation initiative, can not collect non-this platform district electric energy meter information, the sending of platform district signal includes, receives concentrator route module's command after, appointed ammeter communication unit node sends platform district locating information, module communication network connection includes, responds the carrier wave network connection command of concentrator main module. The HPLC module supports intelligent networking and networking intelligent optimization, and the networking time is not more than 15 min. Meanwhile, the sub-node module supports intelligent relaying.
The intelligent remote control device is connected with the air conditioner, the electric cooker, the refrigerator and the washing machine through wireless signals, so that the opening and closing of the air conditioner, the electric cooker, the refrigerator and the washing machine are controlled, the intelligent home is realized, the air conditioner, the electric cooker, the refrigerator and the washing machine are monitored in real time, whether the air conditioner, the electric cooker, the refrigerator and the washing machine are in a qualified range is judged, the power consumption of the air conditioner, the electric cooker, the refrigerator and the washing machine in a power grid is evaluated in real time, the stability of the power grid is guaranteed, the port of the intelligent interaction terminal is connected with a wireless terminal, the wireless terminal comprises a water meter and a gas meter, the water meter and the gas meter can be controlled through the wireless terminal to be transmitted to a power supply company or a property management center terminal, the meter can be copied without manual door-up, and meanwhile, the power consumption characteristics of a user can be, The power utilization habit, the load curve recording, the demand forecasting and the remote cut-off technology enable the power grid to distribute a certain amount of electric quantity in advance for equipment to use, enable the follow-up electric quantity distribution of the power grid to be more convenient and fast, and further increase the stability of the power grid in operation.
Wherein, the controller is externally connected with a control panel through a lead, the controller comprises equipment classification items and equipment power consumption threshold setting, the threshold setting is the maximum power consumption of the equipment under normal environment operation, meanwhile, the threshold setting is carried out in real time according to the power consumption habit and the power consumption characteristics of a user, each equipment has different thresholds which are respectively recorded in the controller, the controller is convenient to carry out real-time analysis on each equipment, each electrical equipment is connected with the controller through a power line, and an automatic alarm module, the electrical equipment classification items comprise the operation transportation quantity and the equipment operation parameters of each equipment per hour, the equipment automatically alarms after the power consumption per hour exceeds the preset threshold, the equipment is thrown on the control panel and prompts the equipment exceeding the power consumption after alarming, the equipment is selected to be repaired or continuously used according to the details of the power consumption, and the equipment does not exceed the threshold, the power consumption transmission database is used for generating the report, the details of the equipment report can be selected in a user-defined mode, when the equipment greatly exceeds a threshold value, a power supply system of the equipment can be cut off remotely, the whole running power system keeps certain stability, meanwhile, the damage degree of the equipment is alarmed in advance, the phenomena of fire and short circuit of the equipment are avoided, the labor force for equipment maintenance is reduced, and meanwhile, the stability of a power grid in operation is improved.
An HPLC communication method, presetting the maximum threshold value of the power consumption of an air conditioner, an electric cooker, a refrigerator, a washing machine, a computer, a television, a telephone and a water heater per hour, setting by self according to the user usage, when the equipment is used, the generated power is transmitted to an intelligent two-way ammeter by using a power line as an information transmission medium, the generated power is transmitted to a controller by the power line, then the controller compares the power consumption of the equipment used in real time per hour according to the preset threshold value, compares each equipment according to the difference of the equipment, automatically alarms if the power consumption of the equipment exceeds the preset threshold value by an automatic alarm module, analyzes the power consumption of the equipment by the controller, and puts the exceeded equipment on a control panel, a user can obtain the details of the exceeded equipment by clicking the control panel, and judges whether the equipment is in power leakage or not or the power consumption caused by the aging of components is increased, then, a user manually selects whether to report the repair, if the equipment does not exceed a preset threshold value, the controller transmits the power consumption of the equipment to a database, the subsequent power consumption is compared, then a table is generated by the power consumption and the power consumption details of each equipment are recorded, and then the user manually selects whether to put the power consumption details on a control panel;
The electric quantity generated by the equipment is transmitted to a pre-installed electric power meter through an electric power line, then the electric quantity is transmitted to the concentrator through the collector and the coupler through amplified signals, then the concentrator is transmitted to the power supply company terminal and the property management center through the optical fiber channel, and if the electric quantity has a fault, the power supply company terminal or the property management center terminal can automatically regulate and control parameters of the voltmeter through the Internet.
it is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (5)

1. An HPLC communication system, characterized by: the intelligent bidirectional electric meter is characterized by comprising a power supply company terminal and a property management center terminal, wherein the power supply company terminal and the property management center terminal are interactively connected through the internet, the power supply company terminal and the property management center terminal are connected with a concentrator through optical fiber communication, the concentrator is connected with a coupler through a wire, a power line is connected to a fracture of the coupler, one end of the power line is connected with a transformer, the other end of the power line is connected with a collector, the fracture of the collector is connected with a user box through a wire, a voltmeter is installed in the user box, the other end of the power line is connected with an intelligent bidirectional electric meter, a communication module is arranged in the intelligent bidirectional electric meter, a super direct current capacitor is arranged in the communication module, and the communication module comprises a power failure reporting function, an electric leakage reminding function, phase recognition, automatic registration of the electric meter, the intelligent bidirectional electric meter comprises a module communication networking function and a platform area distinguishing function, wherein a fracture of the intelligent bidirectional electric meter is respectively connected with an inverter, a switch and an electric cat, a port of the intelligent bidirectional electric meter is connected with an intelligent interaction terminal through a wire, the intelligent interaction terminal is connected with an intelligent remote control device through electric communication, and the intelligent bidirectional electric meter is connected with a controller through a wire.
2. An HPLC communication system according to claim 1, wherein: the inverter comprises a water heater, the switch comprises a television and a telephone, the power modem comprises a computer, a power assembly generated by the water heater, the television, the telephone and the computer is displayed on an intelligent bidirectional electric meter, the zone distinguishing function comprises the function of identifying the attribution of a zone of the power modem, information of a cross-zone electric energy meter is reported to a collection master station through a daily meter reading task, the attribution and change conditions of the zone of the electric energy meter are determined, the power failure reporting function comprises important events and general events, the contents of the important events can be actively reported through a communication unit of the electric energy meter, the general events are reported in an active query mode through a concentrator, all abnormal events are reported in an active query mode through the concentrator for an unequal network, the time of the reporting master station is not more than 90 seconds, the reporting accuracy is not less than 90%, the event comprises power failure event reporting and power up event reporting, the module node judges power failure occurrence, and one waiting time and unit are randomly selected: ms, when the waiting time expires, generating a power failure message, sending the power failure message in a local broadcasting mode, waiting for T seconds to perform data collection after the local power failure message is sent, analyzing the power failure message every time the power failure message is received in the waiting period, merging and updating the analyzed result and stored information into a latest result, generating the power failure message with the latest result when the sending time expires every time, starting waiting for 30 seconds after the power failure module node receives a first frame of power failure information message, analyzing and merging and centralizing all power failure information received in the waiting period, generating a message unicast according to the final result after the waiting time expires and reporting to a CCO (central processing unit), and performing the same processing without distinguishing after each power failure node receives the power failure message; phase place discernment includes, and communication unit should be able to accurate discernment its affiliated ammeter power supply phase place, for work such as field platform district and customer for split-phase line loss control, power supply line optimization provide accurate basis, the electric energy meter automatic registration includes, and communication unit reports 485 meters or intelligent electric energy meter communication address, stipulation and phase's function under the collector according to self platform variable relation initiative, can not collect non-this platform district electric energy meter information, the sending of platform district signal includes, receives concentrator route module's command after, appointed ammeter communication unit node sends platform district locating information, module communication network connection includes, responds the carrier wave network connection command of concentrator main module. The HPLC module supports intelligent networking and networking intelligent optimization, the networking time does not exceed 15min, and meanwhile the sub-node module supports intelligent relay.
3. An HPLC communication system according to claim 1, wherein: the intelligent remote control device comprises an air conditioner, an electric cooker, a refrigerator and a washing machine respectively, a port of the intelligent interaction terminal is connected with a wireless terminal, and the wireless terminal comprises a water meter and a gas meter.
4. An HPLC communication system according to claim 1, wherein: the controller is connected with a control panel through a wire, the controller comprises equipment classification items, equipment power consumption threshold setting and an automatic alarm module, the electrical equipment classification items comprise the hourly operation transport volume and equipment operation parameters of each piece of equipment, the hourly power consumption of the equipment exceeds the preset threshold value and then automatically alarms, the equipment is thrown onto the control panel after alarming and prompts the equipment exceeding the power consumption, repair or continuous use is selected according to the power consumption details, the equipment does not exceed the threshold value, a power consumption transmission database is used, then a report is generated, and the equipment report details can be selected in a user-defined mode.
5. an HPLC communication method, characterized by: presetting a maximum threshold value of the hourly power consumption of an air conditioner, an electric cooker, a refrigerator, a washing machine, a computer, a television, a telephone and a water heater, setting by user according to the user usage amount, when the equipment is in use, transmitting the generated power amount to an intelligent bidirectional electric meter by using a power line as an information transmission medium, transmitting the generated power consumption amount to a controller by using the power line, comparing the hourly power consumption amount of the equipment used in real time by the controller according to the preset threshold value, comparing each equipment according to the difference of the equipment, automatically alarming by an automatic alarm module if the power consumption amount of the equipment exceeds the preset threshold value, analyzing the power consumption amount of the equipment by the controller, putting the exceeded equipment on a control panel, and clicking the control panel by a user to obtain details of the power consumption amount of the exceeded equipment and judging whether the equipment is in electricity leakage or whether the power consumption amount caused, then, a user manually selects whether to report the repair, if the equipment does not exceed a preset threshold value, the controller transmits the power consumption of the equipment to a database, the subsequent power consumption is compared, then a table is generated by the power consumption and the power consumption details of each equipment are recorded, and then the user manually selects whether to put the power consumption details on a control panel;
the electric quantity generated by the equipment is transmitted to a pre-installed electric power meter through an electric power line, then the electric quantity is transmitted to the concentrator through the collector and the coupler through amplified signals, then the concentrator is transmitted to the power supply company terminal and the property management center through the optical fiber channel, and if the electric quantity has a fault, the power supply company terminal or the property management center terminal can automatically regulate and control parameters of the voltmeter through the Internet.
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CN114679202A (en) * 2022-03-07 2022-06-28 深圳华瑞物联科技有限公司 Communication relay system, method, relay device, and computer-readable storage medium
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CN115276190A (en) * 2022-09-22 2022-11-01 荣耀终端有限公司 Charging reminding method, electronic device and storage medium

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