CN110549797A - automatic tire pressure balancing device - Google Patents

automatic tire pressure balancing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110549797A
CN110549797A CN201810547886.XA CN201810547886A CN110549797A CN 110549797 A CN110549797 A CN 110549797A CN 201810547886 A CN201810547886 A CN 201810547886A CN 110549797 A CN110549797 A CN 110549797A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
tire
valve port
tire pressure
valve
module
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810547886.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵鲁华
王恩童
李洋
窦新禹
张竞楠
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong University of Science and Technology
Original Assignee
Shandong University of Science and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong University of Science and Technology filed Critical Shandong University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN201810547886.XA priority Critical patent/CN110549797A/en
Publication of CN110549797A publication Critical patent/CN110549797A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60CVEHICLE TYRES; TYRE INFLATION; TYRE CHANGING; CONNECTING VALVES TO INFLATABLE ELASTIC BODIES IN GENERAL; DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS RELATED TO TYRES
    • B60C23/00Devices for measuring, signalling, controlling, or distributing tyre pressure or temperature, specially adapted for mounting on vehicles; Arrangement of tyre inflating devices on vehicles, e.g. of pumps or of tanks; Tyre cooling arrangements
    • B60C23/001Devices for manually or automatically controlling or distributing tyre pressure whilst the vehicle is moving
    • B60C23/004Devices for manually or automatically controlling or distributing tyre pressure whilst the vehicle is moving the control being done on the wheel, e.g. using a wheel-mounted reservoir

Abstract

The automatic tyre pressure balancer consists of three-position three-way solenoid valve, tyre valve port, exhaust valve port, inflating valve port, tyre, inflating valve in the air cylinder cavity, wheel rim, tyre inflating valve, movable iron core, pressure sensor, speed sensor, control board, wire, data output module, radio transmission module, battery, information acquiring module and ECU microprocessor module. The three-position three-way electromagnetic valve is in threaded connection with a rim with a gas storage function, the control panel carries out intelligent processing according to tire pressure information fed back by the pressure sensor and vehicle speed information fed back by the speed sensor, control over the communication state of the three-position three-way electromagnetic valve is achieved, and then adjustment of tire pressure of a tire is achieved. The invention has the advantages of simple structure, automatic tire pressure regulation and high use value.

Description

Automatic tire pressure balancing device
Technical Field
The invention relates to a tire pressure balancing device, in particular to an automatic tire pressure balancing device.
Background
Patent application No. CN201010276132.9 entitled "tire pressure regulating method and system", discloses a tire pressure regulating method and system, the method comprising: acquiring vehicle running condition parameters; and adjusting the tire pressure of the tire according to the vehicle running condition parameters. The system comprises: the tire pressure regulating device comprises a parameter acquiring module and a tire pressure regulating module. According to the invention, the running state of the current automobile is obtained, and the tire pressure of the tire is dynamically adjusted according to the running state and the current tire pressure signal, so that the automobile can automatically adjust the tire pressure of the tire to a higher tire pressure value under the conditions of better road surface condition and higher speed, and the tire has higher cornering stiffness at the moment, thereby ensuring the good operation stability of the automobile; when the automobile runs on a poor road surface, such as a cement road surface, a hollow road surface and the like, the tire pressure of the tire is automatically adjusted to a lower tire pressure value, and the tire has lower vertical rigidity, so that the vertical vibration caused by the unevenness of the ground is absorbed in time, and the comfort of the whole automobile is improved.
The patent with the application number of CN201611149422.0 and the name of invention of 'an automatic tire pressure detection and inflation and deflation system and a detection inflation and deflation method thereof' discloses an automatic tire pressure detection and inflation and deflation system and a detection inflation and deflation method thereof. An automatic tire pressure detection and inflation and deflation system comprises a main control unit, a detection unit, an output unit and an inflation and deflation unit. The automatic tire pressure detecting and inflating and deflating method includes the following steps: step one, detecting tire pressure; step two, signal processing; step three, if the signal is determined to be abnormal, outputting information; and step four, inflating and deflating. The invention has the beneficial effects that: the system adopts full digital control, pre-warns and controls visual display of images, and has the advantages of simple operation, less personnel investment, high efficiency and less maintenance.
The patent with the application number of CN200710010098.9 and the invention name of 'a device for regulating and controlling tire pressure' discloses a device for regulating and controlling tire pressure, wherein a rotor is arranged on a wheel shaft, an inflatable belt device is arranged on the rotor, the inflatable belt device comprises an inflatable belt with an air passage in the middle, an air inlet and an air outlet are respectively arranged at two ends of the air passage, the air outlet is communicated with a tire air chamber through a check valve and an air guide hose, the air inlet is communicated with a slow air tire through a reversing valve and the air guide hose, the slow air tire is communicated with the tire air chamber through a control valve and the air guide hose, a plunger cylinder mechanism is arranged on a frame, and a plunger of the plunger cylinder mechanism is connected with. The device realizes the adjustment of the tire pressure of the tire, so that the automobile runs under the correct tire pressure, the service life of the tire is prolonged, good controllability is kept, and the tire burst is prevented; when the vehicle meets an uneven road surface, the tire pressure is reduced, the impact caused by the uneven road surface is relieved, and passengers feel comfortable; the vehicle runs on soft road surfaces such as snowy ground, muddy and the like, the tire pressure is reduced through regulation and control, the ground gripping capacity of the tire is increased, the traction state is improved, and the vehicle passing capacity is enhanced.
With the continuous development of tire technology, pneumatic tires are favored by the automotive industry based on the advantages of good air tightness and simple structure. The tire pressure of the pneumatic tire changes along with the change of temperature, which is particularly obvious in summer and winter, and is very easy to cause the improper tire pressure; in the course of a change in vehicle speed, the tire pressure is related to wear of the tread and fuel consumption of the vehicle, and therefore the tire pressure of the tire also needs to be adjusted. Improper tire pressure not only aggravates tread wear and increases vehicle fuel consumption, but also reduces driver comfort. When the tire pressure of the tire is too high or too low, safety accidents are easily caused, and the life of a driver is threatened. The automatic tire pressure balancing device designed by the invention can realize automatic inflation and deflation of the tire, ensures that the tire pressure of the tire is in a reasonable range, and automatically warns a driver when the tire pressure is too high or too low.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects in the prior art, the invention provides an automatic tire pressure balancing device.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: a tire pressure automatic balancing device comprises a three-position three-way electromagnetic valve 1, a tire valve port 1A, an exhaust valve port 1B, an inflation valve port 1C, a tire 2, an air storage cylinder cavity inflation valve 3, an air storage cylinder cavity 4, a rim 5, a tire inflation valve 6, a movable iron core 7, a pressure sensor 8, a speed sensor 9, a control panel 10, an electric wire 11, a data output module 12, a wireless transmission module 13, a battery 14, an information acquisition module 15 and an ECU micro-processing module 16. The three-position three-way electromagnetic valve 1 is connected with a rim with a gas storage function through threads, and the three-position three-way electromagnetic valve 1 is installed inside the tire 2. The three-position three-way electromagnetic valve 1 comprises a tire valve port 1A, an exhaust valve port 1B and an inflation valve port 1C, wherein the tire valve port 1A is communicated with a tire 2, the exhaust valve port 1B is communicated with the outside atmosphere, and the inflation valve port 1C is communicated with an air storage cylinder cavity 4. The air storage cylinder cavity inflation valve 3 is installed on the wheel rim 5, and air inflation and deflation of the air storage cylinder cavity 4 can be achieved. The tire inflation valve 6 is mounted on the tire 2, and can realize inflation and deflation of the tire 2. The pressure sensor 8 is connected to the information acquisition module 15, and is configured to detect the tire pressure of the tire 2 and transmit the tire pressure information to the information acquisition module 15. The speed sensor 9 is connected with the information acquisition module 15 and used for detecting the vehicle speed and transmitting the vehicle speed information to the information acquisition module 15. The control panel 10 comprises a data output module 12, a wireless transmission module 13, an information acquisition module 15 and an ECU micro-processing module 16, and the control panel 10 carries out intelligent processing according to tire pressure information fed back by the pressure sensor 8 and vehicle speed information fed back by the speed sensor 9, so that the communication state of the three-position three-way electromagnetic valve 1 is controlled. The control panel 10 is connected with the three-position three-way electromagnetic valve 1 through an electric wire 11, and the control panel 10 is fixed on the three-position three-way electromagnetic valve 1 through threaded connection. The battery 14 provides power for the three-position three-way electromagnetic valve 1, the pressure sensor 8, the speed sensor 9 and the control panel 10.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
The tire pressure of the pneumatic tire changes along with the change of temperature, which is particularly obvious in summer and winter, and is very easy to cause the improper tire pressure; in the course of a change in vehicle speed, the tire pressure is related to wear of the tread and fuel consumption of the vehicle, and therefore the tire pressure of the tire also needs to be adjusted. Improper tire pressure not only aggravates tread wear and increases vehicle fuel consumption, but also reduces driver comfort. When the tire pressure of the tire is too high or too low, safety accidents are easily caused, and the life of a driver is threatened. The automatic tire pressure balancing device designed by the invention can realize automatic adjustment of the tire pressure of the tire, and the control panel carries out intelligent processing according to the pressure information fed back by the pressure sensor and the vehicle speed information fed back by the speed sensor and controls the communication state of the three-position three-way valve. When the tire pressure of the tire is lower than the tire depression limit value set by the control panel or the tire speed is increased, the control panel controls the movable iron core to move to the exhaust valve port, so that the tire valve port and the inflation valve port are in a communicated state, and the gas in the gas storage cylinder cavity enters the tire to inflate the tire, so that the abrasion of the tire tread and the oil consumption of a vehicle are reduced, and the comfort of a driver is improved; when the tire pressure of the tire is higher than the upper limit value of the tire pressure set by the control panel, the control panel controls the movable iron core to move to the position of the inflation valve port, so that the tire valve port and the exhaust valve port are in a communicated state, and the gas of the tire enters the atmosphere, so that the deflation of the tire is realized, and the tire burst of a vehicle is avoided; when the tire pressure of the tire is within the tire pressure range set by the control board, the control board controls the movable iron core to move to the valve ports of the tire, so that the valve ports are not communicated with each other, and the gas in the tire is prevented from entering and being discharged; when the tire pressure is higher than the dangerous upper limit value of the tire pressure set by the control panel or lower than the dangerous lower limit value of the tire pressure set by the control panel, the control panel is connected with the vehicle-mounted display through the wireless transmission module to carry out dangerous warning, so that dangerous accidents are avoided.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the connection state of the three-position three-way solenoid valve of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a three-position three-way electromagnetic valve of the invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic top view of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the control panel structure of the present invention.
In the figure, 1, a three-position three-way electromagnetic valve, 1A, a tire valve port, 1B, an exhaust valve port, 1C, an inflation valve port, 2, a tire, 3, an air storage cylinder cavity inflation valve, 4, an air storage cylinder cavity, 5 a wheel rim, 6, a tire inflation valve, 7, a movable iron core, 8, a pressure sensor, 9, a speed sensor, 10, a control panel, 11, an electric wire, 12, a data output module, 13, a wireless transmission module, 14, a battery, 15, an information acquisition module and 16, an ECU (electronic control Unit) microprocessing module are arranged.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.
As shown in fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 3, fig. 4 and fig. 5, an automatic tire pressure balancing device comprises a three-position three-way solenoid valve 1, a tire valve port 1A, an exhaust valve port 1B, an inflation valve port 1C, a tire 2, an air cylinder cavity inflation valve 3, an air cylinder cavity 4, a rim 5, a tire inflation valve 6, a movable iron core 7, a pressure sensor 8, a speed sensor 9, a control panel 10, an electric wire 11, a data output module 12, a wireless transmission module 13, a battery 14, an information acquisition module 15 and an ECU microprocessor module 16. The three-position three-way electromagnetic valve 1 is connected with a rim with a gas storage function through threads, and the three-position three-way electromagnetic valve 1 is installed inside the tire 2. The three-position three-way electromagnetic valve 1 comprises a tire valve port 1A, an exhaust valve port 1B and an inflation valve port 1C, wherein the tire valve port 1A is communicated with a tire 2, the exhaust valve port 1B is communicated with the outside atmosphere, and the inflation valve port 1C is communicated with an air storage cylinder cavity 4. The air storage cylinder cavity inflation valve 3 is installed on the wheel rim 5, and air inflation and deflation of the air storage cylinder cavity 4 can be achieved. The tire inflation valve 6 is mounted on the tire 2, and can realize inflation and deflation of the tire 2. The pressure sensor 8 is connected to the information acquisition module 15, and is configured to detect the tire pressure of the tire 2 and transmit the tire pressure information to the information acquisition module 15. The speed sensor 9 is connected with the information acquisition module 15 and used for detecting the vehicle speed and transmitting the vehicle speed information to the information acquisition module 15. The control panel 10 comprises a data output module 12, a wireless transmission module 13, an information acquisition module 15 and an ECU micro-processing module 16, and the control panel 10 carries out intelligent processing according to tire pressure information fed back by the pressure sensor 8 and vehicle speed information fed back by the speed sensor 9, so that the communication state of the three-position three-way electromagnetic valve 1 is controlled. The control panel 10 is connected with the three-position three-way electromagnetic valve 1 through an electric wire 11, and the control panel 10 is fixed on the three-position three-way electromagnetic valve 1 through threaded connection. The battery 14 provides power for the three-position three-way electromagnetic valve 1, the pressure sensor 8, the speed sensor 9 and the control panel 10.
When the tire pressure of the tire 2 is lower than the tire depression limit value set by the control board 10 or the speed of the tire 2 is increased, the control board 10 controls the movable iron core 7 to move to the exhaust valve port 1B, so that the tire valve port 1A and the inflation valve port 1C are in a communicated state, and the gas in the gas storage cylinder cavity 4 enters the tire 2, so that the inflation of the tire 2 is realized, the abrasion of the tire surface of the tire 2 and the oil consumption of a vehicle are reduced, and the comfort of a driver is improved; when the tire pressure of the tire 2 is higher than the tire upper limit value set by the control board 10, the control board 10 controls the movable iron core 7 to move to the inflation valve port 1C, so that the tire valve port 1A and the exhaust valve port 1B are in a communicated state, and the gas of the tire 2 enters the atmosphere, so that the deflation of the tire 2 is realized, and the tire burst of a vehicle is avoided; when the tire pressure of the tire 2 is within the tire pressure range set by the control board 10, the control board controls the movable iron core 7 to move to the tire valve port 1A, so that the valve ports are not communicated with each other, and the gas in the tire 2 is prevented from entering and discharging; when the tire pressure of the tire 2 is higher than the dangerous upper limit value of the tire pressure set by the control panel 10 or lower than the dangerous lower limit value of the tire pressure set by the control panel 10, the control panel 10 is connected with the vehicle-mounted display through the wireless transmission module 13 to carry out dangerous warning, so that dangerous accidents are avoided.

Claims (2)

1. An automatic tire pressure balancing device comprises a three-position three-way electromagnetic valve (1), a tire valve port (1A), an exhaust valve port (1B), an inflation valve port (1C), a tire (2), an air storage cylinder cavity inflation valve (3), an air storage cylinder cavity (4), a rim (5), a tire inflation valve (6), a movable iron core (7), a pressure sensor (8), a speed sensor (9), a control panel (10), an electric wire (11), a data output module (12), a wireless transmission module (13), a battery (14), an information acquisition module (15) and an ECU micro-processing module (16), the three-position three-way electromagnetic valve (1) comprises a tire valve port (1A), an exhaust valve port (1B) and an inflation valve port (1C), wherein the tire valve port (1A) is communicated with a tire (2), the exhaust valve port (1B) is communicated with the outside atmosphere, and the inflation valve port (1C) is communicated with an air storage cylinder cavity (4).
2. The automatic tire pressure balancing device of claim 1, wherein: the control panel (10) comprises a data output module (12), a wireless transmission module (13), an information acquisition module (15) and an ECU micro-processing module (16), and the control panel (10) carries out intelligent processing according to tire pressure information fed back by a pressure sensor (8) and vehicle speed information fed back by a speed sensor (9) to realize control over the communication state of the three-position three-way electromagnetic valve (1).
CN201810547886.XA 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 automatic tire pressure balancing device Pending CN110549797A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810547886.XA CN110549797A (en) 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 automatic tire pressure balancing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810547886.XA CN110549797A (en) 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 automatic tire pressure balancing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110549797A true CN110549797A (en) 2019-12-10

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810547886.XA Pending CN110549797A (en) 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 automatic tire pressure balancing device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110549797A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111361362A (en) * 2020-04-10 2020-07-03 中国电子科技集团公司第四十八研究所 Automatic tire pressure adjusting device and adjusting method
CN111572292A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-08-25 汉腾新能源汽车科技有限公司 Intelligent automobile tire pressure regulating system and method thereof
CN114379293A (en) * 2022-03-01 2022-04-22 特拓(青岛)轮胎技术有限公司 Intelligent tire monitoring system and method
CN115246292A (en) * 2021-04-27 2022-10-28 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Air pressure balancing device, tire system of vehicle and vehicle

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111361362A (en) * 2020-04-10 2020-07-03 中国电子科技集团公司第四十八研究所 Automatic tire pressure adjusting device and adjusting method
CN111572292A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-08-25 汉腾新能源汽车科技有限公司 Intelligent automobile tire pressure regulating system and method thereof
CN115246292A (en) * 2021-04-27 2022-10-28 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Air pressure balancing device, tire system of vehicle and vehicle
CN115246292B (en) * 2021-04-27 2023-09-12 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Air pressure balancing device, tire system of vehicle and vehicle
CN114379293A (en) * 2022-03-01 2022-04-22 特拓(青岛)轮胎技术有限公司 Intelligent tire monitoring system and method
CN114379293B (en) * 2022-03-01 2023-11-24 特拓(青岛)轮胎技术有限公司 Intelligent tire monitoring system and monitoring method

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