CN110512182A - A kind of coating production improving paper surface printing adaptability - Google Patents

A kind of coating production improving paper surface printing adaptability Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110512182A
CN110512182A CN201910962864.4A CN201910962864A CN110512182A CN 110512182 A CN110512182 A CN 110512182A CN 201910962864 A CN201910962864 A CN 201910962864A CN 110512182 A CN110512182 A CN 110512182A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
paper
target
coating
printing adaptability
macromolecule
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910962864.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱琳
刘壮
郭新宇
秦冕
马国荣
杨国强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Harbin University of Commerce
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Harbin University of Commerce
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Harbin University of Commerce filed Critical Harbin University of Commerce
Priority to CN201910962864.4A priority Critical patent/CN110512182A/en
Publication of CN110512182A publication Critical patent/CN110512182A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
    • C23C14/00Coating by vacuum evaporation, by sputtering or by ion implantation of the coating forming material
    • C23C14/06Coating by vacuum evaporation, by sputtering or by ion implantation of the coating forming material characterised by the coating material
    • C23C14/08Oxides
    • C23C14/083Oxides of refractory metals or yttrium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
    • C23C14/00Coating by vacuum evaporation, by sputtering or by ion implantation of the coating forming material
    • C23C14/06Coating by vacuum evaporation, by sputtering or by ion implantation of the coating forming material characterised by the coating material
    • C23C14/12Organic material
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
    • C23C14/00Coating by vacuum evaporation, by sputtering or by ion implantation of the coating forming material
    • C23C14/22Coating by vacuum evaporation, by sputtering or by ion implantation of the coating forming material characterised by the process of coating
    • C23C14/34Sputtering
    • C23C14/35Sputtering by application of a magnetic field, e.g. magnetron sputtering
    • C23C14/352Sputtering by application of a magnetic field, e.g. magnetron sputtering using more than one target

Abstract

A kind of coating production improving paper surface printing adaptability, it is related to paper surface modification technology.It is low that it will solve the problems, such as that existing paper surface coating method of modifying has more, at high cost, complex process and light weight degree using ingredient.Method: by macromolecule target, magnetron sputtering prepares transition zone in substrate material surface together with copper target;The double target co-sputtering of macromolecule target and Ti target, depositing Ti O2/ (CH) t composite coating, that is, complete.The present invention is co-located in vacuum magnetic control plasma sputtering cavity using macromolecule target and Ti target, and the composite coating deposition of paper surface even compact is realized under Ar particle bombardment;Preparation process need not use the auxiliary agents such as water repellent agent, fluorescer, simple process, it is easy to operate, hence it is evident that improve the printing adaptability of paper surface, and meet the lightweight that paper higher degree is realized under printability requires in paper, there is the important value of environmental protection and social effect.The present invention is modified suitable for paper surface.

Description

A kind of coating production improving paper surface printing adaptability
Technical field
The present invention relates to paper surface modification technologies.
Background technique
Carrier of the paper as information, printability are particularly important in the expression of information, transmittance process.Paper The coating technique on surface is the main path for improving its printability, it improves paper table by improving the surface texture of paper The optical property in face improves paper surface smoothness and ink absorption, and then improves the printability of paper.Traditional coating skill Art is mostly by manually or mechanically method, in paper surface applying implenent for the substance of appropriate rheological characteristic.Therefore, coating material must Mobility is had both while need to having good absorbency, fineness, whiteness.To reach above-mentioned performance, coating material often ingredient It is all complex.Such as, guarantee gelatin, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinylpyrrolidone, the hydroxypropyl cellulose of absorbency and adhesiveness Deng guaranteeing the water repellent agent ureaformaldehyde (UF resin) of water repelling property, melamine resin (MF resin), carbonic acid zirconates etc., guarantee coating The defoaming agent of bubble-free guarantees that coating is evenly distributed with the lubricant etc. of property.As it can be seen that traditional coating process is not easy to control, coating is not easy It is uniformly distributed, and contain a large amount of polluter in coating.More importantly the granularity of coating is larger, when renders image information Resolution ratio is low, unintelligible.The reason is that can internally spread when ink touches coating particle, when particle is larger, ink expands Serious slow drying speed is dissipated, ink cannot be absorbed in time, then be mixed diffusion in paper surface, form interlocking for color Distribution, reducing resolution ratio causes image fuzzy.
Coating paper is produced in 1850 by the pact Wall De Lun company of NJ USA earliest, is at that time As wallpaper.1894, occurs the equipment of First production coating paper in the world.Lightweight paper is to climb up early 1950s Market.The pigment, adhesive and other auxiliary agents of coating are mainly studied and are developed in recent decades, the development of coating technique, with Meet demand and coating paper lightweight requirements that information transmits the printability higher and higher to coating paper.In addition, the whole world applies Cloth paper demand increases by 7.8% every year, and lightweight paper average growth rate per annum 22.3%, it is seen that the lightweight of coating paper is important hair Open up direction.Lightweight obviously meets energy-saving and environment-friendly world development theme.
Summary of the invention
The invention aims to solve existing paper surface coating method of modifying to have more, the at high cost, work using ingredient The problem that skill is complicated and light weight degree is low, and a kind of coating production for improving paper surface printing adaptability is provided.
A kind of coating production improving paper surface printing adaptability, it is sequentially included the following steps:
One, substrate material is placed on the sample stage in magnetron sputtering vacuum chamber, macromolecule target is bonded in copper target It is placed on the target position of magnetron sputtering vacuum chamber, vacuumizes together, 20~30min of magnetron sputtering is then carried out, in substrate material Transition zone is prepared on surface;
Two, 1~3 macromolecule target and the double target co-sputtering of Ti target are carried out, i.e., deposits and obtains on above-mentioned transition zone TiO2/ (CH) t composite coating completes the coating preparation for improving paper surface printing adaptability;
Magnetron sputtering macromolecule target technological parameter: working gas is the argon gas of purity >=99.999%, and deposition rate is 10~150nm/min, 0.4~0.7Pa of operating air pressure, base target spacing are 6~12cm, power density 3.5W/cm2~10.0W/ cm2
Double target co-sputtering technological parameter: working gas be purity >=99.999% argon gas, deposition rate be 10~ 150nm/min, 0.4~0.7Pa of operating air pressure, base target spacing are 6~12cm, double target power densities ratio is 0.5~2.5.
The invention has the advantages that
1, the present invention adds nanoscale Si material using polypropylene, and the high score of resistant sputtering is prepared for using specific curing process Sub- target prepares TiO with cosputtering2/ (CH) t composite coating carries out paper surface method of modifying;Preparation process need not use anti- The auxiliary agents such as aqua, fluorescer, ingredient is simple, at low cost, and simple process is easy to operate.
2, the present invention is the breakthrough to existing Paper Coating method of modifying, prepares skill using completely new paper surface coating Art, the macromolecule target and Ti target of design are co-located in vacuum magnetic control plasma sputtering cavity, realize paper under Ar particle bombardment Open the composite coating deposition of surface even compact.Since in vacuum deposition process, it is mostly to receive that substance, which is in plasma state particle, Meter level and be uniformly mixed, auxiliary agent is added there is no need to consider mobility, easily formed large area uniform coating;Cosputtering deposition TiO2/ (CH) t composite coating has excellent absorbency and smoothness because having the microcellular structure of natural nanometer, greatly improves The precision of information regeneration;Composite coating has (CH) t structure and there are water-resistance, and there is no need to additionally add water repellent agent;Vacuum Any subsidiary pollutant is not generated in the preparation process of magnetic control co-sputtering;TiO2High reflectance, refractive index greatly improve paper Whiteness and the optical properties such as opacity;The paper generation for preparing coating is manufactured paper with pulp with natural fiber is chemically bonded, rather than Simply, single physical attachment, thus be not susceptible to conventional coating methods and generated because tiny coating is with paper base poor bonding strength Picking phenomenon, the present invention significantly improves the printing adaptability of paper surface.
3, the TiO that the present invention is prepared using magnetic control co-sputtering method2/ (CH) t coating, due to having above-mentioned excellent characteristics, The lightweight of paper higher degree can be realized in the case where paper meets printability requirement, therefore the present invention has important environmental protection Value and social effect.
The present invention is modified suitable for paper surface.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the GATF colour wheel diagram meaning for improving the coating preparation gained paper of paper surface printing adaptability in embodiment Figure, wherein solid line indicates that body paper gamut range, dotted line indicate that gamut range after deposition, C indicate that cyan, M indicate that product color, Y indicate Yellow, R indicate that red, G indicates that green, B indicate blue.
Specific embodiment
The technical solution of the present invention is not limited to the following list, further includes between each specific embodiment Any combination.
Specific embodiment 1: a kind of coating production for improving paper surface printing adaptability of present embodiment, it It sequentially includes the following steps:
One, substrate material is placed on the sample stage in magnetron sputtering vacuum chamber, macromolecule target is bonded in copper target It is placed on the target position of magnetron sputtering vacuum chamber, vacuumizes together, 20~30min of magnetron sputtering is then carried out, in substrate material Transition zone is prepared on surface;
Two, 1~3 macromolecule target and the double target co-sputtering of Ti target are carried out, i.e., deposits and obtains on above-mentioned transition zone TiO2/ (CH) t composite coating completes the coating preparation for improving paper surface printing adaptability;
Magnetron sputtering macromolecule target technological parameter: working gas is the argon gas of purity >=99.999%, and deposition rate is 10~150nm/min, 0.4~0.7Pa of operating air pressure, base target spacing are 6~12cm, power density 3.5W/cm2~10.0W/ cm2
Double target co-sputtering technological parameter: working gas be purity >=99.999% argon gas, deposition rate be 10~ 150nm/min, 0.4~0.7Pa of operating air pressure, base target spacing are 6~12cm, double target power densities ratio is 0.5~2.5.
Macromolecule target is bonded together with copper target in present embodiment step 1, is glued using existing conventional method Knot.
Specific embodiment 2: the present embodiment is different from the first embodiment in that, substrate material described in step 1 Material is art paper, offset paper or newsprint.Other steps and parameter are same as the specific embodiment one.
Specific embodiment 3: the present embodiment is different from the first and the second embodiment in that, it is served as a contrast described in step 1 Depositing Ti O when bottom material is art paper2/ (CH) t composite coating with a thickness of 10~15 μm.Other steps and parameter and specific reality It is identical to apply mode one or two.
Specific embodiment 4: the present embodiment is different from the first and the second embodiment in that, it is served as a contrast described in step 1 Depositing Ti O when bottom material is offset paper2/ (CH) t composite coating with a thickness of 15~50 μm.Other steps and parameter and specific reality It is identical to apply mode one or two.
Specific embodiment 5: the present embodiment is different from the first and the second embodiment in that, it is served as a contrast described in step 1 Depositing Ti O when bottom material is newsprint2/ (CH) t composite coating with a thickness of 40~200 μm.Other steps and parameter and specific Embodiment one or two is identical.
Specific embodiment 6: unlike one of present embodiment and specific embodiment one to five, institute in step 1 State macromolecule target be by weight percentage by 2% granularity be 3~5nm TiO, 3% granularity be 100nm TiO2With 95% Polypropylene mixing, spin-coated preparation gained, spin coating is with a thickness of 300~3000 μm.Other steps and parameter and specific embodiment One of one to five is identical.
Specific embodiment 7: unlike one of present embodiment and specific embodiment one to six, institute in step 1 State magnetron sputtering 25min.Other steps and parameter are identical as one of specific embodiment one to six.
Specific embodiment 8: unlike one of present embodiment and specific embodiment one to seven, institute in step 1 It is identical as the size of copper target to state macromolecule target.Other steps and parameter are identical as one of specific embodiment one to seven.
Specific embodiment 9: unlike one of present embodiment and specific embodiment one to eight, institute in step 2 The purity for stating Ti target is 99.99%.Other steps and parameter are identical as one of specific embodiment one to eight.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are verified by following embodiment:
Embodiment
Improve the coating production of paper surface printing adaptability, it is sequentially included the following steps:
One, substrate material is placed on the sample stage in magnetron sputtering vacuum chamber, macromolecule target is bonded in copper target It is placed on the target position of magnetron sputtering vacuum chamber, vacuumizes together, magnetron sputtering 25min is then carried out, in substrate material surface On prepare transition zone;
Two, 2 macromolecule targets and the double target co-sputtering of Ti target, the depositing Ti O on above-mentioned transition zone are carried out2/(CH)t Composite coating completes the coating preparation for improving paper surface printing adaptability;
Magnetron sputtering macromolecule target technological parameter: working gas is the argon gas of purity >=99.999%, and deposition rate is 20nm/min, operating air pressure 0.5Pa, base target spacing are 10cm, power density 6W/cm2
Double target co-sputtering technological parameter: argon gas of the working gas for purity >=99.999%, deposition rate 20nm/min, Operating air pressure 0.5Pa, base target spacing are 10cm, double target power densities ratio is 2.
Substrate material described in the present embodiment is art paper;Depositing Ti O when substrate material is art paper2The compound painting of/(CH) t Layer with a thickness of 13 μm.
Macromolecule target described in the present embodiment be by weight percentage by 2% granularity be 4nm TiO, 3% granularity be The TiO of 100nm2Polypropylene with 95% mixes, and obtained by spin-coated preparation, spin coating is with a thickness of 1000 μm.
The purity of Ti target described in the present embodiment is 99.99%.
As shown in table 1, transverse direction, longitudinal modulus of elasticity and the tensile strength of paper have after deposition composite coating in the present embodiment Increased.For composite coating in conjunction with substrate material, the tensile property of composite coating is better than the paper that plant fiber is manufactured paper with pulp, another party Face, inorganic particulate are inserted in the hole of paper plant fiber in conjunction with fiber, and being equivalent to, which joined after paper making, enhances The filler of fiber mechanical strength, therefore the elasticity modulus of paper increases, tensile property enhancing.
TiO2The deposition of/(CH) t coating improves the surface roughness of paper.Depositing Ti O2In/(CH) t coating procedure, when Ar+When bombardment target as sputter particle flies to substrate surface, similar mechanical throwing anchor effect, particle preferentially inserts the recess of paper Place, and in this position forming core and gradually island growth, it will be recessed gradually and fill up so that the roughness of paper is greatly reduced.Target as sputter The hole of the particle filling paper surface to get up and uneven place cause paper surface smoothness to improve, and smoothness is that paper is made For the important printability of stock, significantly improving for smoothness allows paper to obtain better details table when reproducing picture and text Existing ability, it can reproduce the printing of high screen frequency, realize fine printing, the aobvious printing adaptability for improving paper surface.
Elasticity modulus, tensile strength and roughness variation after 1 plated film of table
Performance indicator Body paper Paper after depositing coating
Transverse modulus of elasticity (GPa) 4.735 5.043
Longitudinal modulus of elasticity (GPa) 5.562 5.801
Transverse tensile strength (MPa) 270.56 280.85
Longitudinal tensile strength (MPa) 295.02 302.77
Surface roughness (nm) 578.5 180.9
Composite coating improves the smoothness of paper, reproduce fine site, while having more when showing printing on the spot Add positive effect, the contact area of paper and ink increases in unit area, i.e., the coverage rate of ink increases close on the spot in turn Degree increases, and the density range that paper is reproduced broadens.In addition, smoothness, which improves, increases the glossiness of paper, and by The absorption experiment of ink measures paper surface efficiency and increases significantly, thus paper reproducing color therewith performance makes moderate progress.As Fig. 1 is provided Shown in GATF colour wheel figure, the gamut range for depositing the paper reproducing color therewith of composite coating broadens.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of coating production for improving paper surface printing adaptability, it is characterised in that it is sequentially included the following steps:
One, substrate material is placed on the sample stage in magnetron sputtering vacuum chamber, macromolecule target is bonded together with copper target It is placed on the target position of magnetron sputtering vacuum chamber, vacuumizes, 20~30min of magnetron sputtering is then carried out, in substrate material surface On prepare transition zone;
Two, 1~3 macromolecule target and the double target co-sputtering of Ti target are carried out, i.e., deposition obtains TiO on above-mentioned transition zone2/ (CH) t composite coating completes the coating preparation for improving paper surface printing adaptability;
Magnetron sputtering macromolecule target technological parameter: working gas be purity >=99.999% argon gas, deposition rate be 10~ 150nm/min, 0.4~0.7Pa of operating air pressure, base target spacing are 6~12cm, power density 3.5W/cm2~10.0W/cm2
Double target co-sputtering technological parameter: working gas is the argon gas of purity >=99.999%, and deposition rate is 10~150nm/ Min, 0.4~0.7Pa of operating air pressure, base target spacing are 6~12cm, double target power densities ratio is 0.5~2.5.
2. a kind of coating production for improving paper surface printing adaptability according to claim 1, it is characterised in that Substrate material described in step 1 is art paper, offset paper or newsprint.
3. a kind of coating production for improving paper surface printing adaptability according to claim 2, it is characterised in that Depositing Ti O when substrate material described in step 1 is art paper2/(CH)tComposite coating with a thickness of 10~15 μm.
4. a kind of coating production for improving paper surface printing adaptability according to claim 2, it is characterised in that Depositing Ti O when substrate material described in step 1 is offset paper2/(CH)tComposite coating with a thickness of 15~50 μm.
5. a kind of coating production for improving paper surface printing adaptability according to claim 2, it is characterised in that Depositing Ti O when substrate material described in step 1 is newsprint2/(CH)tComposite coating with a thickness of 40~200 μm.
6. a kind of coating production for improving paper surface printing adaptability according to claim 1, it is characterised in that Macromolecule target described in step 1 be by weight percentage by 2% granularity be 3~5nm TiO, 3% granularity be 100nm's TiO2Polypropylene with 95% mixes, and obtained by spin-coated preparation, spin coating is with a thickness of 300~3000 μm.
7. a kind of coating production for improving paper surface printing adaptability according to claim 1, it is characterised in that The 25min of magnetron sputtering time described in step 1.
8. a kind of coating production for improving paper surface printing adaptability according to claim 1, it is characterised in that Macromolecule target described in step 1 is identical as the size of copper target.
9. a kind of coating production for improving paper surface printing adaptability according to claim 1, it is characterised in that The purity of Ti target described in step 2 is 99.99%.
CN201910962864.4A 2019-10-11 2019-10-11 A kind of coating production improving paper surface printing adaptability Pending CN110512182A (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS58126393A (en) * 1982-01-21 1983-07-27 Mitsubishi Paper Mills Ltd Production of metal vapor deposition paper
JP2000282220A (en) * 1999-03-31 2000-10-10 Toshiba Mach Co Ltd Manufacture of coating die
CN103625030A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-03-12 湖北盟科纸业有限公司 Production method for laser paper made of nanoscale thin-film material
CN106756748A (en) * 2015-11-24 2017-05-31 北京印刷学院 A kind of compound aluminium paper and aluminum-plastic composite membrane packaging material preparation method with hydrophobic surface

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS58126393A (en) * 1982-01-21 1983-07-27 Mitsubishi Paper Mills Ltd Production of metal vapor deposition paper
JP2000282220A (en) * 1999-03-31 2000-10-10 Toshiba Mach Co Ltd Manufacture of coating die
CN103625030A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-03-12 湖北盟科纸业有限公司 Production method for laser paper made of nanoscale thin-film material
CN106756748A (en) * 2015-11-24 2017-05-31 北京印刷学院 A kind of compound aluminium paper and aluminum-plastic composite membrane packaging material preparation method with hydrophobic surface

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
马伟伟 等: "磁控溅射法制备阻隔包装纸的研究 ", 《中华纸业》 *

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