CN110498342A - A kind of sea-freight counter discharging method - Google Patents

A kind of sea-freight counter discharging method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110498342A
CN110498342A CN201910788302.2A CN201910788302A CN110498342A CN 110498342 A CN110498342 A CN 110498342A CN 201910788302 A CN201910788302 A CN 201910788302A CN 110498342 A CN110498342 A CN 110498342A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
counter
gantry crane
landing
sea
freight
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910788302.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴惠薛
张立
尹亮亮
梁爱民
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenzhen Forest Cloud Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shenzhen Forest Cloud Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shenzhen Forest Cloud Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shenzhen Forest Cloud Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910788302.2A priority Critical patent/CN110498342A/en
Publication of CN110498342A publication Critical patent/CN110498342A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C13/00Other constructional features or details
    • B66C13/04Auxiliary devices for controlling movements of suspended loads, or preventing cable slack
    • B66C13/06Auxiliary devices for controlling movements of suspended loads, or preventing cable slack for minimising or preventing longitudinal or transverse swinging of loads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C13/00Other constructional features or details
    • B66C13/16Applications of indicating, registering, or weighing devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C13/00Other constructional features or details
    • B66C13/18Control systems or devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C13/00Other constructional features or details
    • B66C13/18Control systems or devices
    • B66C13/46Position indicators for suspended loads or for crane elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C15/00Safety gear
    • B66C15/06Arrangements or use of warning devices
    • B66C15/065Arrangements or use of warning devices electrical

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of sea-freight counter discharging methods, it is related to counter handling art, extension type positioning mechanism is first fixed on gantry crane column, then, gantry crane grabs counter, and driving counter to be moved, and gantry crane drives counter to be moved to target position, gantry crane transfers counter.The present invention on gantry crane by being arranged photographing module and infrared distance measurement module, in the case where photographing module is by below counter real-time Transmission to gantry crane operation storehouse display screen, operator can see the concrete condition below counter in real time, and cooperation infrared distance measurement module can quickly measure counter bottom end at a distance from ground, operator reduces the cost of personnel education without operating, determining according to intuition;By the way that flexible position-limit mechanism is arranged, during counter decline, flexible position-limit mechanism limits counter, to reduce the amplitude of counter shaking, reduces the difficulty of counter landing.

Description

A kind of sea-freight counter discharging method
Technical field
It removes stage makeup and costume field the present invention relates to counter, specially a kind of sea-freight counter discharging method.
Background technique
It when counter is removed stage makeup and costume, needs to be applied to large-scale lifting appliance gantry crane, is mainly used for outdoor goods yard, stock ground The handling operation of goods, bulk goods, gantry crane have the spies such as utilization of area rate is high, job area is big, adaptation is wide, versatile Point is used widely in port yard.
But at present using gantry crane, when loading and unloading to counter, operator can not watch the tool below counter Body situation can only be operated by working experience, cause a qualified gantry crane operator that need to cultivate by prolonged, And more time and money can be spent, culture cost is very high;And gantry crane, when remove stage makeup and costume counter, counter was declining It is easy to be influenced by beam wind in journey, shake, cause counter more difficult in landing mission.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to: concrete condition below counter can not be watched in order to solve operator, can only be relied on Working experience carries out operation and counter and is easy to be influenced by beam wind during decline, shakes, causes counter in landing mission In more difficult problem, a kind of sea-freight counter discharging method is provided.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a kind of sea-freight counter discharging method, including following step It is rapid:
Step 1: extension type positioning mechanism is fixed on gantry crane column;
Step 2: gantry crane grabs counter, and counter is driven to be moved;
Step 3: gantry crane drives counter to be moved to target position, and gantry crane transfers counter;
Step 4: telescopic positioning mechanism is opened;
Step 5: Telescopic positioning device limits the counter in shaking, reduces its shaking amplitude;
Step 6: the photographing module below Telescopic positioning device is taken pictures to the counter placed;
Step 7: the photo taken hair is delivered to the display screen in gantry crane operation storehouse by photographing module;
Step 8: operator watches display screen and is modified to counter landing position;
Step 9: Telescopic positioning device bottom end is located at the infrared distance measurement module of photographing module side, measurement landing counter with The distance on ground;
Step 10: when being less than X meter at a distance from landing counter is between ground, infrared distance measurement module sending electric signal passes through PLC controls the alarm equipment alarm in gantry crane operation storehouse.
Step 11: the landing speed of operator's reduction landing counter.
Preferably, the Telescopic positioning device in the step 1 includes servo motor, screw rod, thread bush and limit plate, and Telescopic positioning device and column are slidably connected by mobile mechanism, are provided with cushion on the inside of the limit plate.
Preferably, the limit in the step 5 is two terminations of the positioning telescoping mechanism to counter before counter decline Touching, limits landing counter.
Preferably, the photographing module in the step 6 continuously images ground, and taken Picture switchs to digital signal by converter and is sent to gantry crane operation storehouse display screen, and the converter in display screen again believes number Number switch to picture signal.
Preferably, infrared emittance in the infrared distance measurement module in the step 9 issues infrared ray, infrared ray again by Ground is reflected after stopping, and the infrared ray being reflected back toward is received by the receiver in infrared distance measurement module, infrared distance measurement module After interior processor is computed, landing counter and ground distance are obtained.
Preferably, it is red when the landing counter in the step 10 is less than or equal to default minimum range at a distance from ground Outer range finder module sends an electrical signal to PLC controller, and PLC controller controls the alarm operation in gantry crane operation storehouse.
Preferably, the algorithm of the processor is T*S/2, and wherein T is the time, S be infrared ray in air medium Transmission speed.
Preferably, the mobile mechanism includes servo motor, sliding slot, sliding block and screw rod, the output end of the servo motor It is rotatablely connected with screw rod, one end of the screw rod is rotatablely connected through sliding block and gantry crane column, the sliding block outer wall and sliding slot Inner wall mutually agree with, and be provided with the internal screw thread to match with screw rod at the position that is in contact with screw rod of sliding block.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: the present invention by gantry crane be arranged photographing module with The case where infrared distance measurement module, photographing module is by below counter, real-time Transmission operated in the display screen of storehouse to gantry crane, and operator can The concrete condition below counter is seen in real time, and cooperates infrared distance measurement module that can quickly measure counter bottom end at a distance from ground, Operator reduces the cost of personnel education without operating, determining according to intuition;By the way that flexible position-limit mechanism, In is arranged During counter declines, flexible position-limit mechanism limits counter, to reduce the amplitude of counter shaking, reduces counter The difficulty of landing.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is flow chart of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the flow chart of photographing module of the present invention and infrared distance measurement module.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
A kind of sea-freight counter discharging method referring to FIG. 1-2, including the following steps:
Step 1: extension type positioning mechanism is fixed on gantry crane column;
Step 2: gantry crane grabs counter, and counter is driven to be moved;
Step 3: gantry crane drives counter to be moved to target position, and gantry crane transfers counter;
Step 4: telescopic positioning mechanism is opened;
Step 5: Telescopic positioning device limits the counter in shaking, reduces its shaking amplitude;
Step 6: the photographing module below Telescopic positioning device is taken pictures to the counter placed;
Step 7: the photo taken hair is delivered to the display screen in gantry crane operation storehouse by photographing module;
Step 8: operator watches display screen and is modified to counter landing position;
Step 9: Telescopic positioning device bottom end is located at the infrared distance measurement module of photographing module side, measurement landing counter with The distance on ground;
Step 10: when being less than X meter at a distance from landing counter is between ground, infrared distance measurement module sending electric signal passes through PLC controls the alarm equipment alarm in gantry crane operation storehouse.
Step 11: the landing speed of operator's reduction landing counter.
Embodiment 1:
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention: the Telescopic positioning device in step 1 includes servo motor, screw rod, screw thread Set, gag lever post and limit plate, and Telescopic positioning device and column are slidably connected by mobile mechanism, are provided on the inside of limit plate Cushion drives screw rod to be rotated convenient for upper servo motor, and when servo motor rotates, thread bush is under the action of gag lever post to one A direction is moved, and gag lever post drives limit plate limiting to landing counter when moving, in limit plate and landing goods Before cabinet contact, cushion can effectively prevent that sharp impacts occur between limit plate and landing counter.
Embodiment 2:
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention: the limit in step 5 is to position telescoping mechanism to goods before counter decline Two end in contact of cabinet, limit landing counter, prevent landing counter from more violent shaking occurring during the decline, And after fiber, decrease speed can be accelerated, and not have to the problem of landing counter shakes caused by worrying to accelerate because of decrease speed.
Embodiment 3:
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention: the photographing module in step 6 continuously images ground, and The picture taken switchs to digital signal by converter and is sent to gantry crane operation storehouse display screen, the conversion in display screen The case where digital signal is switched to picture signal again by device, more intuitive can be seen below landing counter convenient for operator, Intuition judgement is reduced, new operator is reduced and drives Buddhism and hang and be familiar with the time.
Embodiment 4:
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention: the infrared emittance in the infrared distance measurement module in step 9 issues infrared Line, infrared ray are reflected after being stopped again by ground, and the infrared ray being reflected back toward is received by the receiver in infrared distance measurement module, After processor in infrared distance measurement module is computed, landing counter and ground distance are obtained, convenient for reducing goods before counter landing The decrease speed of cabinet, to reduce the collision dynamics between counter and ground.
Embodiment 5:
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention: the landing counter in step 10 is less than or equal at a distance from ground to be preset most When small distance, infrared distance measurement module sends an electrical signal to PLC controller, and PLC controller controls the alarm in gantry crane operation storehouse Device operation watches real-time scene below landing counter convenient for the operator in gantry crane operation storehouse, reduces operation error rate.
Embodiment 6:
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention: the algorithm of processor be T*S/2, wherein T be the time, S be infrared ray Transmission speed in air dielectric, convenient for calculate landing counter between ground at a distance from.
Embodiment 7:
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention: mobile mechanism includes servo motor, sliding slot, sliding block and screw rod, servo motor Output end and screw rod be rotatablely connected, one end of screw rod is rotatablely connected through sliding block and gantry crane column, sliding block outer wall and sliding slot Inner wall mutually agree with, and the internal screw thread to match with screw rod is provided at the position that is in contact with screw rod of sliding block, convenient for flexible limit Position mechanism and landing counter rise or fall together.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case where without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Benefit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent elements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of sea-freight counter discharging method, it is characterised in that: include the following steps:
Step 1: extension type positioning mechanism is fixed on gantry crane column;
Step 2: gantry crane grabs counter, and counter is driven to be moved;
Step 3: gantry crane drives counter to be moved to target position, and gantry crane transfers counter;
Step 4: telescopic positioning mechanism is opened;
Step 5: Telescopic positioning device limits the counter in shaking, reduces its shaking amplitude;
Step 6: the photographing module below Telescopic positioning device is taken pictures to the counter placed;
Step 7: the photo taken hair is delivered to the display screen in gantry crane operation storehouse by photographing module;
Step 8: operator watches display screen and is modified to counter landing position;
Step 9: Telescopic positioning device bottom end is located at the infrared distance measurement module of photographing module side, measures landing counter and ground Distance;
Step 10: when being less than X meter at a distance from landing counter is between ground, infrared distance measurement module issues electric signal and passes through PLC control Alarm equipment alarm in gantry crane operation processed storehouse.
Step 11: the landing speed of operator's reduction landing counter.
2. a kind of sea-freight counter discharging method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: flexible fixed in the step 1 Position mechanism includes servo motor, screw rod, thread bush and limit plate, and Telescopic positioning device and column are slided by mobile mechanism and connected It connects, is provided with cushion on the inside of the limit plate.
3. a kind of sea-freight counter discharging method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the limit in the step 5, It is to position telescoping mechanism before counter decline to two end in contact of counter, limited to landing counter.
4. a kind of sea-freight counter discharging method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the camera shooting mould in the step 6 Block continuously images ground, and the picture taken switchs to digital signal by converter and is sent to gantry Operation storehouse display screen is hung, digital signal is switched to picture signal again by the converter in display screen.
5. a kind of sea-freight counter discharging method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the infrared survey in the step 9 Infrared ray is issued away from the infrared emittance in module, infrared ray is reflected after being stopped again by ground, the infrared ray being reflected back toward It is received by the receiver in infrared distance measurement module, after the processor in infrared distance measurement module is computed, obtains landing counter and ground Identity distance from.
6. a kind of sea-freight counter discharging method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the landing goods in the step 10 When cabinet is less than or equal to default minimum range at a distance from ground, infrared distance measurement module sends an electrical signal to PLC controller, PLC Controller controls the alarm operation in gantry crane operation storehouse.
7. a kind of sea-freight counter discharging method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the algorithm of the processor is T* S/2, wherein T is the time, and S is the transmission speed in air medium of infrared ray.
8. a kind of sea-freight counter discharging method according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the mobile mechanism includes servo Motor, sliding slot, sliding block and screw rod, the output end and screw rod of the servo motor are rotatablely connected, and one end of the screw rod is through cunning Block and gantry crane column are rotatablely connected, and the inner wall of the sliding block outer wall and sliding slot mutually agrees with, and the position that sliding block is in contact with screw rod The place of setting is provided with the internal screw thread to match with screw rod.
CN201910788302.2A 2019-08-23 2019-08-23 A kind of sea-freight counter discharging method Pending CN110498342A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910788302.2A CN110498342A (en) 2019-08-23 2019-08-23 A kind of sea-freight counter discharging method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910788302.2A CN110498342A (en) 2019-08-23 2019-08-23 A kind of sea-freight counter discharging method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110498342A true CN110498342A (en) 2019-11-26

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910788302.2A Pending CN110498342A (en) 2019-08-23 2019-08-23 A kind of sea-freight counter discharging method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110498342A (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102336365A (en) * 2011-08-09 2012-02-01 栾清杨 Intelligent positioning system for site-container gantry cranes
CN207226856U (en) * 2017-10-10 2018-04-13 深圳市君乐实业有限公司 A kind of gantry crane
CN108946487A (en) * 2018-09-20 2018-12-07 上海振华重工(集团)股份有限公司 Container crane remote operating system
CN208327163U (en) * 2018-04-21 2019-01-04 肖少兵 A kind of mechanical equipment mast-up

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102336365A (en) * 2011-08-09 2012-02-01 栾清杨 Intelligent positioning system for site-container gantry cranes
CN207226856U (en) * 2017-10-10 2018-04-13 深圳市君乐实业有限公司 A kind of gantry crane
CN208327163U (en) * 2018-04-21 2019-01-04 肖少兵 A kind of mechanical equipment mast-up
CN108946487A (en) * 2018-09-20 2018-12-07 上海振华重工(集团)股份有限公司 Container crane remote operating system

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Application publication date: 20191126

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication