CN110319519A - A kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group - Google Patents

A kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110319519A
CN110319519A CN201910698724.0A CN201910698724A CN110319519A CN 110319519 A CN110319519 A CN 110319519A CN 201910698724 A CN201910698724 A CN 201910698724A CN 110319519 A CN110319519 A CN 110319519A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
oil
air
valve
threeway
mode
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Pending
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CN201910698724.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邵安春
董际鼎
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Ningbo Dongda Air-conditioning Equipment Co Ltd
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Ningbo Dongda Air-conditioning Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910698724.0A priority Critical patent/CN110319519A/en
Publication of CN110319519A publication Critical patent/CN110319519A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C15/00Details
    • F24C15/20Removing cooking fumes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/62Control or safety arrangements characterised by the type of control or by internal processing, e.g. using fuzzy logic, adaptive control or estimation of values
    • F24F11/63Electronic processing
    • F24F11/65Electronic processing for selecting an operating mode
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0007Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning
    • F24F5/001Compression cycle type
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0096Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater combined with domestic apparatus
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2221/00Details or features not otherwise provided for
    • F24F2221/18Details or features not otherwise provided for combined with domestic apparatus

Abstract

A kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group, belong to fresh air, air-conditioning technical field, including air conditioner indoor unit, oil smoke vertical pipe, oil sump tank, inlet tube, muffler, smoke exhaust ventilator, oil smoke outlet pipe, fume purifying comb, air-conditioning oil expeller outdoor unit, air-conditioning oil expeller system, oil smoke tee tube, fresh air inlet pipe, fresh air purifier, fresh air distribution pipe, fresh air distributor box, the outlet of fresh air front, the outlet of fresh air air curtain;Air-conditioning oil expeller system includes 6 threeways, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B, condenser, oil expeller, capillary A, capillary B, shut-off valve A, shut-off valve B, solenoid valve A, solenoid valve B, blower A, compressor, isocon, header;The beneficial effects of the present invention are: the fresh air absolute oil cigarette air-conditioning Trinity;Absolute oil effect is good, labor and material saving;Energy conservation and environmental protection;Health care.

Description

A kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group
Technical field
The present invention be a kind of kitchen fresh air combine unit, in particular to a kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group, Belong to fresh air, air-conditioning technical field.
Background technique
Kitchen is the room that living environment generates pollution most serious.Other than the pollution that construction material and environment generate, kitchen The pollution that room processed food generates is even more serious, and serious oxygen consumption generates carbon dioxide dirt gas, generates carbon monoxide poison gas, generates Charcoal ash flue dust generates high-temperature oil smoke, generates high-temperature water vapor.With the increase of kitchen seal degree, seriously the mankind are arrived not Patient degree.
The mankind carry out kitchen pollution harsh struggle all the time, from door window to dress exhaust fan, from small-power Smoke exhaust ventilator is to high-power smoke exhaust ventilator.By blowdown wind of not spending to taking thousand yuan of mist extractors.Till now, kitchen pollution Improvement is still unsatisfactory, even if the fume pollution in room is reduced, the pollution that oil smoke leaves after discharge is outdoor is still striking Soul-stirring, it is universal phenomenon that oil smoke, which does not have purified treatment,.Interior manually carries out smearing the case where washing other than smoke exhaust ventilator mist extractor Under, there is sticky greasy dirt on all furniture surfaces in kitchen.Denomination of invention: application number CN2011100229267 above blows circular cone The split type injection range hood of shape full blast curtain, the patent are the wind curtain type hoods upward from lower part, and high-temperature oil smoke is spread in back taper, oil smoke First fresh air rises to waste air and enters at the end plate in hole to flight benefit, totally enclosed type mist extractor effect is not achieved, oil smoke does not purify, kitchen Pollution outside room is extremely serious.
Restaurant kitchen has oil fume purifier and uses at present, and oil smoke processing uses high-pressure electrostatic adsorption treatment oil smoke, high Pressure electrostatic oil and smoke cleaner, which is adsorbed on, to be difficult to clean on clarifier, and the occasion more for restaurant kitchen oil smoke, oil smoke adsorbs too More, the cleaning of clarifier is a very big problem;High-voltage electrostatic purification device has very strong electric discharge phenomena, and the greasy filth of absorption is easy kindling Fire occurs;Large-scale High-voltage electrostatic purification device can also generate serious ozone toxic gas pollution.Therefore Large-scale High-Pressure electrostatic depuration Safety problem be under suspicion.Application number CN2017219043760, a kind of denomination of invention: Water curtain machine using negative pressure oil mist removing. Since water consumption is big, in addition cannot control the secondary pollution of water, water curtain type oil smoke degreasing unit is seldom seen in the market Using.Due to the fume pollution in kitchen, air conditioner can not be used in kitchen, high temperature, high humidity, high fume pollution restaurant kitchen pair Cook's health causes to inflict heavy losses on, and the livable kitchen for creating mankind's safety and environmental protection is extremely urgent.
There are two types of oil smoke oil removings at present, and one is the solidifying oil of high Electrostatic Absorption, adds the decomposition of chemical mode detergent to clean again and removes Oil;One is the cooling solidifying oil of physics in water, then in line grease oil removing.Analyze current oil smoke degreasing technique, have oil smoke (absorption or It is cooling) oily attaching process is coagulated, this is the necessary process for separating grease and air in oil smoke.Key is to coagulate the removing problem of oil, is coagulated Another pollution modes of oil inherently oil smoke can also hinder the process for coagulating oil other than generating secondary pollution.
When designing oil smoke and coagulating oil, necessary decision design coagulates the removing of oil.Cleaning after electrostatic cleaner purified treatment Journey can be seen that a large amount of cleaning essence of washing consumption of tar, and the time is very long, should not be in the restaurant that big oil smoke amount generates, food Absolute oil in hall kitchen, kitchen absolute oil must separately find a way out.
Kitchen produces flue dust and vapor mixing oil smoke when processing food.The boiling point of edible oil generally all 200 DEG C with On.When oil temperature is more than 250 DEG C, the harmful substances such as butadiene aldehydes can be generated, seriously endanger human health, and can be carcinogenic.It is mixed It is extremely serious to the pollution of environment to close oil smoke, it is necessary to carry out oil removal treatment.The main function of smoke exhaust ventilator is exactly to handle oil smoke pair Indoor pollution, due to not carrying out closed discharge oil smoke waste air, the oil smoke in kitchen fails thorough cleaning, to outdoor environment Cause secondary pollution.
In short, most common is Gao Jing electricity there are two types of in oil fume purifier currently on the market or oil fume separator principle Oil fume purifier, energy fume eliminating, but solidifying oil is not handled, and has security risk;There are also water curtain type oil fume separators, using oil smoke Oil liquid is precipitated when crossing cascade, is discharged together with water, consumes big yield, oily wastewater can become secondary pollution.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is for the above-mentioned fume pollution that in the prior art, restaurant, dining room and family kitchen generate and Adverse circumstances, fume-exhausting functions of the equipments are single, not the defect of fresh air, provide a kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine Group can achieve pollution of the safe purifying oil fume of energy to environment, create the purpose in the livable kitchen of the mankind.
To achieve the goals above the technical solution adopted by the present invention is that: a kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine Group, the structure suitable for large-scale restaurant kitchen fresh air system design, and are assembled in outside in exterior wall, and a kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette is empty Adjusting combination unit includes the fresh air system of indoor section, oil smoke waste air discharge system, air conditioner indoor unit, and the oil smoke of outdoor section is straight Comb, oil sump tank, inlet tube and muffler;Fresh air system includes fresh air imported unit, fresh air purification device and fresh air distribution dress It sets, oil smoke waste air discharge system includes smoke exhaust ventilator, oil smoke outlet pipe, and the oil smoke outlet pipe is arranged above smoke exhaust ventilator, oil smoke The lower end of outlet pipe interlinks with smoke exhaust ventilator;Smoke exhaust ventilator, fresh air purification device, air conditioner indoor unit are mounted on the interior wall of kitchen, Oil sump tank is mounted on kitchen exterior wall;
It further include fume purifying comb, air-conditioning oil expeller outdoor unit, control system, the air-conditioning oil expeller outdoor unit installation On kitchen exterior wall, air-conditioning oil expeller outdoor unit includes three coaming plate of outdoor unit, outdoor cover plate and is assembled in air-conditioning oil expeller Air-conditioning oil expeller system and chassis in outdoor unit, air-conditioning oil expeller system are arranged on chassis;
Oil smoke waste air discharge system further includes oil smoke tee tube, and the oil smoke tee tube is arranged above oil smoke outlet pipe, oil Cigarette tee tube includes the in line air-valve of oil smoke and fume purifying air-valve for being disposed thereon portion two sides;The lower end air inlet of oil smoke tee tube Mouth is connect with oil smoke outlet pipe upper end, and the upper end gas outlet of oil smoke tee tube is made by the in line air-valve of oil smoke and the control of fume purifying air-valve The discharge of oil smoke waste air has air quantity regulatory function and discharge direction conversion function;The discharge of oil smoke waste air uses the in line side of oil smoke waste air Mode is discharged in formula or fume purifying;
Air conditioner indoor unit includes base, panel, blower B, wind deflector and evaporator;The panel is arranged in air conditioner indoor unit Front end face, in air conditioner indoor unit front lower place, the evaporator is arranged in base for the wind deflector setting;
The air-conditioning oil expeller system includes compressor, threeway A, threeway B, threeway C, threeway D, threeway E, threeway F, four-way Solenoid directional control valve A, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B, condenser, capillary A, capillary B, shut-off valve A, shut-off valve B, oil expeller, electricity Magnet valve A, solenoid valve B, isocon, header, blower A, blower B;
The upper end of compressor is connect with the lower port of threeway B, and the left port of threeway D is connect with solenoid valve A, the right side of threeway D Port is connect with upper end of condenser mouth, and condenser lower port is connect with threeway F upper port, and threeway F right output port and capillary A connect It connects, capillary A is connect with shut-off valve B, and shut-off valve B is connect with isocon, and isocon is connect with evaporator, evaporator and header Connection, header are connect with shut-off valve A, and shut-off valve A is connect with the upper port of threeway E, and the left port and solenoid valve B of threeway E connects It connects, solenoid valve B is connect with the upper port of threeway C, and the right output port of threeway C is connect with solenoid valve A, threeway A lower port and compressor Left port connection;
Threeway E upper port is connect with header, header connection;The intermediate upper port and threeway A of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A Upper port connection;The upper left port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B is connect with the left port of threeway C, the upper port and electromagnetism of threeway C Valve B connection;The left port of threeway B is connect with the lower port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B, the lower port and capillary B of oil expeller Connection, capillary B are connect with the left port of threeway F;The lower port of threeway E is connect with the upper left port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A, The top Centronics port of solenoid directional control valve A is connect with the upper port of threeway A;
The lower port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A is connect with the upper port of threeway B, the middle upper port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A It is connect with threeway A left port;When the lower port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A is communicated with the upper left port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A, four The upper left port of electric change valve A is connect with the lower port of threeway D;The lower port and four-way electromagnetic of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A When the upper right port of reversal valve A communicates, the upper right port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A is connect with threeway E lower port;
Blower A setting is arranged in condenser side, blower B in evaporator side;
Air-conditioning oil expeller outdoor unit is made of heat pump air conditioning system and heat pump oil removing system, and heat pump air conditioning system is removed with heat pump Oil system shares compressor, evaporator, condenser, an oil expeller, and the cold oil processed and fuser oil processed of oil expeller use two Four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B, solenoid valve A, solenoid valve B and two sets of throttle system conversion and controls;Complete machine system System is exactly a split type double heat pump air conditioners, evaporator in kitchen, condenser and oil expeller device in outdoor unit, Oil smoke waste air guides to the oil expeller outside kitchen in outdoor unit, and the cooling condenser of low temperature waste air mixing outdoor fresh air after oil removing returns Receive the cryogenic energy of fume eliminating waste air;
The present invention uses heat pump refrigerating technology, and cooling oil smoke method isolates solidifying grease, and when stopping smoke exhaust ventilator heats again Molten oil discharge edible vegetable oil liquid;Heat pump refrigerating and heating can all consume energy, since this technology and heat pump air conditioner are combined, recycle cooling oil The energy of cigarette consumption, can reduce Overall Power Consumption, the combination of cooling and purifying oil smoke and air conditioner refrigerating technology reaches energy conservation and degreases With the optimum efficiency of kitchen constant temperature dehumidification;
When this method is only applicable to winter summer grade air conditioner, can just it recover energy.When season in spring and autumn does not have to air conditioner, can also it purify Oil smoke, but cannot recover energy;The invention discloses a kind of cold and hot kitchen fume absolute oil technology of heat pump, kitchen fresh air air curtains to distribute The process structure of formula oxygen-supplying technology, kitchen heat pump air conditioner Energy Recovery Technology and these technical functionality system compatible technologies.The skill Art, which introduces fresh air, realizes full fume purifying discharge function simultaneously, and purifying oil fume waste air energy is effectively returned in operation of air conditioner It receives;
The purification of air-conditioning oil expeller system, that is, air-conditioning constant temperature dehumidification oil removing system outdoor unit, i.e. oil smoke waste air and constant temperature dehumidification heat Pump refrigeration system;
The function operational mode of air-conditioning oil expeller system includes air conditioner refrigerating dehumidification mode, i.e. refrigeration mode, air-conditioning heating Dehumidification mode, i.e. heating mode, the oil removing operational mode of oil removing mode, the molten oily operational mode of oil removing mode, freeze oil removing mould The oil removing operational mode of formula, the molten oily operational mode of refrigeration oil removing mode, heats the oil removing operational mode of oil removing mode, heating removes The molten oily operational mode of oily mode;
The control system includes automatically controlling chip;The function that kitchen fresh air air conditioner for machine combines unit is more, using intelligence It can control the multi-functional operation for being just able to achieve unit;
Oil removing principle: key technology of the invention first is that the innovation of oil smoke degreasing technique, the solidifying oil design of existing oil smoke is again There is the oil removing design for coagulating oil.Oil tech is coagulated using air conditioner refrigerating, active refrigeration cooling can effectively remove the sump oil in oil smoke, by It can not be influenced by environment temperature taking human as design in cryogenic temperature.The solidifying oily process of oil smoke and temperature are closely related, cooling temperature Lower oil removal efficiency is higher, and it is faster to coagulate speed oil;The solidifying oily effect on common smoke exhaust ventilator surface can be seen that one in 30 DEG C of rings The new smoke exhaust ventilator surface that the border temperature above summer uses is almost without solidifying oil trace mark, in 0 DEG C of use in winter, in smoke exhaust ventilator Surface has been covered with solidifying oil quickly.It is attached to the solidifying oil of oil removing pipe surface, edible vegetable oil liquid can be molten at high temperature, flow to lower part automatically Accumulator in.After heat pump air conditioner commutation, oil expeller is heated, and for high temperature up to 80 DEG C or more, complete hot fuser oil is edible vegetable oil Liquid is flowed to automatically in storage tank or trench;Here it is oil smoke oil removing principles of the present invention.
Fresh air imported unit includes fresh air inlet pipe, and fresh air purification device includes fresh air purifier, installation in fresh air purifier There is fresh-air fan, fresh air distributor includes fresh air distribution pipe, fresh air distributor box, the outlet of fresh air air curtain and the outlet of fresh air front; Set-up of control system is before fresh air distributor box;
Automatic running fresh air mode: fresh-air fan is opened: outdoor fresh air-fresh air inlet pipe-exterior wall-fresh air purifier- Fresh air distribution pipe-fresh air distributor box-fresh air front outlet and the outlet of fresh air air curtain;Fresh air introduction system is an autonomous system, The support modes that can must be matched with isolated operation fresh air mode and fume eliminating mode;
Fresh air purifying uses high-efficiency filtering and purifying device or micro- electrostatic cleaner, the particulate matter of China Domestic Environment air Pollute more serious, the purification for introducing fresh air should be except based on PM2.5, the volatile contaminant gas generated to building passes through introduction Fresh air, discharge waste air carry out desalt processing, only can carry out purified treatment to particulate matter in the environment of no other pollution sources and be It can;PM2.5 particulate matter is handled by high-efficiency filtering and purifying device, or exterminating bacterium and PM2.5 are carried out by micro- electrostatic cleaner Grain object comprehensive treatment;
For the outlet of fresh air air curtain in smoke exhaust ventilator periphery, air port is downward, can encase the not outer benefit of oil smoke waste air, due to consideration that Smoke exhaust ventilator has the ability for attracting air curtain fresh air short circuit discharge, and fresh air air curtain outlet inside is provided with outside deflection 0-30 degree angle Wind deflector;Since kitchen ventilation is based on oil smoke waste air, when introducing fresh air, the energy of oil smoke waste air is not recycled, introduces fresh air It is directly entered in kitchen after can purifying;The purpose for introducing fresh air is to breathe oxygen supply, wind curtain type hood air feed and cooking stove to operator Combustion-supporting oxygen supply, therefore fresh air must be distributed effectively.
The oil smoke vertical pipe is threaded through outside within the walls, and the indoor end of oil smoke vertical pipe is connect with the in line air-valve of oil smoke, oil smoke The outdoor end of vertical pipe is stretched out outside kitchen;The discharge of oil smoke waste air uses the in line mode of oil smoke waste air, when 27 DEG C or more hot weathers, Discharge oil smoke will not generate solidifying oil inside and outside kitchen, only when environment temperature is higher than 27 DEG C and fresh air mode operation, could open The in line mode of oil smoke waste air, oil smoke waste air cannot be completely exhausted out by singly opening the in line mode of oil smoke waste air;
When environment temperature is higher than 27 DEG C, the in line mode of oil smoke waste air, the in line mode of oil smoke waste air may be selected are as follows: open fresh air Blower opens smoke exhaust ventilator, opens the in line air-valve of oil smoke, closes fume purifying air-valve, drives oil smoke waste air in smoke exhaust ventilator Under, be expelled directly out by following routes: outside the smoke exhaust ventilator-in line air-valve of oil smoke outlet pipe-oil smoke-oil smoke vertical pipe-kitchen.
The discharge of oil smoke waste air uses fume purifying and mode is discharged, and in 27 DEG C or less microthermal climates, discharge oil smoke can be Kitchen is inside and outside to generate solidifying oil, can choose fume purifying discharging modes discharge kitchen fume waste air;Fume purifying discharging modes are as follows: Open smoke exhaust ventilator, close the in line air-valve of oil smoke, open fume purifying air-valve, open fresh air system, open fresh air purifier with The fume eliminating heating mode of constant temperature dehumidification heat pump refrigeration system, the oil smoke waste air generated in kitchen at this time can be in fresh air air curtain Carry out under nursing, by following routes: smoke exhaust ventilator-oil smoke outlet pipe-fume purifying air-valve-fume purifying comb drains into air-conditioning Oil expeller outdoor unit carries out oil removal treatment.
Oil removing system is cooperated to be controlled in air conditioner indoor unit operational mode;Since air conditioner indoor unit is mounted on kitchen It is interior, any fume pollution is not allow in kitchen, therefore only allow to introduce or do not have in the fresh air for thering is air curtain to protect in air conditioning chamber Under the conditions of cooking stove, air conditioner indoor unit could be used.
Air conditioner refrigerating dehumidification mode, the i.e. refrigeration mode, air conditioner refrigerating dehumidification mode are standalone feature mode, and fresh air is drawn It is out of service into function, oil smoke discharge function;
Air conditioner refrigerating dehumidification mode, that is, refrigeration mode are as follows: shut-off valve A is opened, shut-off valve B is opened, solenoid valve A is closed, solenoid valve B is opened, Fresh-air fan is stopped, smoke exhaust ventilator stops, the in line air-valve of oil smoke is closed, blower A is opened, blower B is opened, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A no power, Four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B is powered, compressor is opened, operational process are as follows: compressor, that is, compressing high pressure gas-threeway B- four-way electromagnetic changes To valve A- threeway D- condenser-threeway F- capillary A- shut-off valve B- isocon-evaporator-header-shut-off valve A- threeway E- Four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- threeway C- reversal valve B- threeway A- compressor is sequentially connected, meanwhile, threeway B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- oil expeller-capillary B- threeway F is sequentially connected;Threeway D- solenoid valve A closes connection;Refrigeration working medium is flowed by above-mentioned process, Circulation is repeatedly.
Air-conditioning heating dehumidification mode, the i.e. heating mode, air-conditioning heating dehumidification mode are standalone feature mode, and fresh air is drawn It is out of service into function, oil smoke discharge function;
Heating mode are as follows: shut-off valve A is opened, shut-off valve B is opened, solenoid valve A is closed, solenoid valve B is opened, fresh-air fan is stopped, smoke pumping Machine stops, the in line air-valve of oil smoke is closed, fume purifying air-valve is closed, blower A is opened, blower B is opened, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A no power, Four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B is powered, compressor is opened, operational process are as follows: compressor (compressing high pressure gas)-threeway B- four-way electromagnetic changes To valve A- threeway E- header-evaporator-isocon-shut-off valve B- capillary A- threeway F- condenser-threeway D- four-way electromagnetic Reversal valve A- threeway A- compressor is sequentially connected, meanwhile, threeway B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- threeway C- solenoid valve B- threeway E according to Secondary connection, threeway F- capillary B- oil expeller-four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- threeway A are sequentially connected, and threeway D- solenoid valve A (pass) is even It connects, threeway C- solenoid valve A (pass) connection, flow working medium is flowed by above-mentioned process, and circulation is repeatedly.
The fresh air-oil smoke waste air discharge-fume eliminating mode, i.e. oil removing mode, it is necessary to which Three models run ability simultaneously Reach deoiling effect, under fresh air introduction function normal running (operation) conditions, oil removing mode operation, the operation of oil smoke discharge function;Fresh air- Oil smoke waste air discharge-fume eliminating mode, i.e. oil removing mode, oil removing operational mode and oil removing mode including oil removing mode melt Oily operational mode;
The oil removing operation that " oil removing " mode is opened when kitchen range operates in one day, after whole day is finished cooking stove, opens " oil removing " The molten oil operation of mode, molten oil are automatically closed " oil removing " mode after the completion, switch to " fresh air mode ";The oil removing of oil removing mode is run When, although indoor evaporator has a little refrigeration effect, since indoor unit blower B is closed, cooling capacity only has free convection to let cool effect Fruit only generates heat for balance cooking stove and is used;
The oil removing operational mode of oil removing mode are as follows: shut-off valve A is opened, shut-off valve B is opened, solenoid valve A is opened, solenoid valve B is closed, fresh air Blower is opened, smoke exhaust ventilator is opened, the in line air-valve of oil smoke is closed, fume purifying air-valve is opened, blower A is opened, blower B is closed, four-way electromagnetic changes It is opened to valve A no power, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B no power, compressor, operational process are as follows: compressor (compressing high pressure gas)-three Logical B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A- threeway D- condenser-threeway F- capillary A- shut-off valve B- isocon-evaporator-header- Shut-off valve A- threeway E- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A- threeway A- compressor is sequentially connected, meanwhile, threeway B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- threeway C- solenoid valve A- threeway D is sequentially connected, and threeway F- capillary B- oil expeller-four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- threeway A is successively Connection, threeway C- solenoid valve B (pass) connection, threeway E- solenoid valve B (pass) connection, flow working medium are flowed by above-mentioned process, circulation Repeatedly;
In the molten oil operation of oil removing mode, all blowers are all closed, and oil expeller and evaporator are removed all in heated condition Solidifying oil on oily device is heated fusing, the storage tank that flows under outer machine chassis or is vented directly to trench;Complete oil removing in one day After the oil removing operation of mode everyday, it is necessary to which the molten oil operation for carrying out oil removing mode is only real deoiling function, if without melting The solidifying oil of oil operation processing, will affect second day deoiling effect;
The molten oily operational mode of oil removing mode are as follows: shut-off valve A is opened, shut-off valve B is opened, solenoid valve A is opened, solenoid valve B is closed, fresh air Blower pass, smoke pumping organ, the in line air-valve of oil smoke is closed, fume purifying air-valve is closed, blower A is closed, blower B is closed, four-way Solenoid directional control valve A is powered, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B is powered, compressor is opened, operational process are as follows: compressor (compressing high pressure gas)- Threeway B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A- threeway E- shut-off valve A- header-evaporator-isocon-shut-off valve B- capillary A- threeway F- condenser-threeway D- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A- threeway A- compressor is sequentially connected, meanwhile, threeway B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- oil expeller-capillary B- threeway F is sequentially connected, and threeway D- solenoid valve A- threeway C four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- threeway A successively connects It connects, threeway C- solenoid valve B (pass) connection, threeway E- solenoid valve B (pass) connection, flow working medium is flowed by above-mentioned process, and circulation is anti- It is multiple.
Air conditioner refrigerating dehumidifying-fresh air-oil smoke waste air discharge-fume eliminating the mode, oil removing mode of freezing, oil removing of freezing Mode includes the oil removing operational mode of refrigeration oil removing mode, and the molten oily operational mode of refrigeration oil removing mode;Refrigeration oil removing mode As oil removing mode basic skills, except that the blower 2 of indoor unit is opened, and is reached when the oil removing operation of refrigeration oil removing mode To maximum refrigeration effect;
The oil removing operational mode for oil removing mode of freezing are as follows: shut-off valve A is opened, shut-off valve B is opened, solenoid valve A is closed, solenoid valve B is closed, Fresh-air fan is opened, smoke exhaust ventilator is opened, the in line air-valve of oil smoke is closed, fume purifying air-valve is opened, blower A is opened, blower B is opened, four are powered Magnetic reversal valve A no power, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B no power, compressor are opened, operational process are as follows: compressor (compression high pressure gas Body)-threeway B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A- threeway D- condenser-threeway F- capillary A- shut-off valve B- isocon-evaporator-collection Flow tube-shut-off valve A- threeway E- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A- threeway A- compressor is sequentially connected, meanwhile, threeway B- four-way electromagnetic changes It is sequentially connected to valve B- threeway C- solenoid valve A- threeway D, threeway F- capillary B- oil expeller-four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- threeway A It being sequentially connected, threeway C- solenoid valve B (pass) connection, threeway E- solenoid valve B (pass) connection, flow working medium is flowed by above-mentioned process, Circulation is repeatedly;
The molten oily operational mode for oil removing mode of freezing and the molten oily operational mode of oil removing mode are identical, repeat no more.
Air-conditioning heating dehumidifying-fresh air-oil smoke waste air discharge-fume eliminating the mode heats oil removing mode, the heating Oil removing mode includes heating the molten oily operational mode of the oil removing operational mode and heating oil removing mode of oil removing mode;This mode includes Fresh air operation, the operation of smoke exhaust ventilator purifying oil fume, air-conditioning heating operation, the oil removing operation of heating oil removing mode and molten oil operation 5 Part is scheduled by time: fresh air operation-air-conditioning heating operation-air-conditioning heating oil removing oil removing operation-smoke exhaust ventilator purification Oil smoke operation-molten oil operation;The time of molten oil operation will not be too long, is typically scheduled at after whole day deactivates cooking stove and carries out;
Heat the oil removing operational mode of oil removing mode: shut-off valve A is opened, shut-off valve B is opened, solenoid valve A is closed, solenoid valve B is opened, newly Wind blower is opened, smoke exhaust ventilator is opened, the in line air-valve of oil smoke is closed, fume purifying air-valve is opened, blower A is opened, blower B is opened, four-way electromagnetic Reversal valve A energization, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B no power, compressor are opened, operational process are as follows: compressor (compressing high pressure gas)-three Logical B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A- threeway F- shut-off valve A- header-evaporator-isocon-shut-off valve B- capillary A- threeway F- Condenser-threeway D- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A- threeway A- compressor is sequentially connected, meanwhile, threeway B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- Threeway C- solenoid valve B- threeway F is sequentially connected, and threeway F- capillary B- oil expeller-four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- threeway A successively connects It connects, threeway C- solenoid valve A (pass) connection, threeway D- solenoid valve A (pass) connection, flow working medium is flowed by above-mentioned process, and circulation is anti- It is multiple;
The molten oily operational mode for heating oil removing mode is identical with the molten oily operational mode of oil removing mode, repeats no more.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group use draw Realize that each position oxygen-supplying technology in kitchen, hermetically sealed fresh air air curtain realize the full discharge technology of oil smoke waste air, discharge into purifying fresh air The cooling solidifying oil of oil smoke waste air and heating oil extraction heat pump refrigerating technology, heat pump absolute oil Energy Recovery Technology compatible with heat pump air conditioner, Fresh air is introduced in structure, fresh air air curtain and fresh air purifying are separate payment, and oil smoke discharge system can be separate payment, and oil smoke is dirty Wind purification is separate payment with constant temperature dehumidification heat pump refrigerating, and there is three systems independence also to have certain causality, to wound Use can be flexibly matched with by building the livable kitchen environment of the mankind, generate following remarkable result:
1 ﹚ absolute oil effect of ﹙ is good, labor and material saving: the emphasis on the basis of present invention is the full discharge in kitchen fresh air and oil smoke waste air Solve the problems, such as that the absolute oil for using and being discharged oil smoke of air conditioner used in kitchen is handled, the absolute oil method for the oil removing heat pump fuser oil that freezes, both It meets oil removing business to the greatest extent, and eliminates the clean flat cost of oil accumulation, solve oil smoke waste air to kitchen internal and external environment oily pollution Problem;Oil smoke absolute oil technology and the compatibility of constant temperature dehumidification air-conditioning are the key technologies of energy-efficient air in kitchen integration, cooling solidifying Oil and the oil smoke absolute oil technology of heating oil removing are the thorough effective ways for solving fume pollution;The solidifying oil heating of cooling of the invention removes The oil smoke absolute oil technology of oil and traditional high-voltage static flue gas removing technology have the difference of essence, cooling in a manner of physical oil-removing cigarette Absorption coagulate dense grease, heating melt it is molten for edible vegetable oil liquid, discharge liquid edible vegetable oil mode, can be with circulate operation;Grease on oil expeller is adopted With heating gravity flow sweep-out method, cleaned again without electrochemical deoiling agent, without secondary pollution, without safety problem;
2 ﹚ energy conservation and environmental protection of ﹙: the present invention combine unit can be applied to family, restaurant, the oil smoke absolute oil in dining room, fresh air oxygen supply and The people of creation constant temperature cleaning occupies kitchen environment, is the important measure of kitchen pollution comprehensive treatment and the creation livable kitchen of the mankind;Heat The compatible combinations of absolute oil system and heat pump air conditioning system are pumped, absolute oil energy consumption obtains effective recycling, the solidifying oily oil removing refrigeration of oil smoke The compatible technique of absolute oil system and air conditioner used in kitchen refrigeration system realizes cooling oil removing system energy regenerating and kitchen constant temperature dehumidification effect Fruit realizes energy-saving kitchen oil using the compatible combinations technology of heat pump refrigerating oil smoke absolute oil technology and heat pump air conditioner refrigeration system Cigarette absolute oil;Heat pump refrigerating fume eliminating technology and the ingenious combination of heat pump constant temperature dehumidification technology are even more to create the livable kitchen of the energy-saving mankind The work of the perfection of environment;
3 ﹚ health care of ﹙: fresh air is introduced and air curtain send fresh air to be discharged entirely with oil smoke waste air to match use and reach the dirt of full purified treatment Wind effect, full purified treatment and the constant-temperature constant-humidity air-conditioner device system matches use of oil smoke waste air reach air conditioner, and in kitchen, cleaning is answered Use effect;The cleaning of air conditioner uses, and solves the problems, such as kitchen constant temperature dehumidification, ensure that the health of cooks;Purifying fresh air draws Into solving the problems, such as kitchen anoxic and air cleaning, personnel are sufficiently supplied oxygen, and coal gas is fully burned.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is: kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group installs Lian Jitu (indoor section);
Fig. 2 is: kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group installs Lian Jitu (outdoor section);
Fig. 3-1 is: fresh air system structure chart;Fig. 3-2 is: oil smoke waste air discharge system structure chart;
Fig. 4 is: air conditioner indoor unit structure chart;Fig. 5 is: air-conditioning oil expeller system appearance figure (does not have air conditioner indoor unit);
Fig. 6 is: air-conditioning oil expeller system connecting leg figure (evaporator and condenser be schematic diagram);
Fig. 7 is: air-conditioning oil expeller system connecting leg figure;Fig. 8 is: air conditioner refrigerating mode operation figure;
Fig. 9 is: air-conditioning heating mode operation figure;Figure 10-1 is: the oil removing of oil removing mode runs figure;
Figure 10-2 is: the molten oil operation figure of oil removing mode;Figure 11 is: the oil removing of refrigeration oil removing mode runs figure;
Figure 12 is: the oil removing of heating oil removing mode runs figure.Figure 13 is: air conditioner refrigerating dehumidification mode (refrigeration mode) stream Journey;
Figure 14 is: air-conditioning heating dehumidification mode (heating mode) process;Figure 15-1 is: the oil removing operational mode of oil removing mode Process;
Figure 15-2 is: the molten oily operational mode process of oil removing mode;Figure 16 is: the oil removing operational mode of refrigeration oil removing mode Process;
Figure 17 is: the oil removing operational mode process of heating oil removing mode.
Description of symbols: air conditioner indoor unit 1, base 101, panel 102, blower B 103, wind deflector 104, evaporator 105, oil smoke vertical pipe 2, oil sump tank 3, inlet tube 4, muffler 5, smoke exhaust ventilator 6, oil smoke outlet pipe 7, fume purifying comb 8, sky Adjust oil expeller outdoor unit 9, three coaming plate 901 of outdoor unit, outdoor cover plate 902, chassis 903, air-conditioning oil expeller system 10, threeway A 1001, threeway B 1002, threeway C 1003, threeway D 1004, threeway E 1005, threeway F 1006, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008, condenser 1009, oil expeller 1010, capillary A 1011, capillary B 1012, cut Only valve A 1013, shut-off valve B 1014, solenoid valve A 1015, solenoid valve B 1016, blower A 1017, compressor 1018, shunting The in line air-valve 1101 of pipe 1019, header 1020, oil smoke tee tube 11, oil smoke, fume purifying air-valve 1102, fresh air inlet pipe 12, Fresh air purifier 13, fresh air distribution pipe 14, fresh air distributor box 15, fresh air front outlet 16, fresh air air curtain outlet 17, exterior wall 18, Control system 20.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and specific examples, but not as a limitation of the invention.
As shown in Fig. 1 to Figure 17, a kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group is suitable for large-scale restaurant kitchen fresh air The structure of system designs, and is assembled in outside in exterior wall 18, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and shown in Fig. 5, a kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air-conditioning group Closing unit includes the fresh air system of indoor section, oil smoke waste air discharge system, air conditioner indoor unit 1, and the oil smoke of outdoor section is in line Pipe 2, oil sump tank 3, inlet tube 4 and muffler 5;Fresh air system includes fresh air imported unit, fresh air purification device and fresh air distribution Device, oil smoke waste air discharge system include smoke exhaust ventilator 6, oil smoke outlet pipe 7, and the oil smoke outlet pipe 7 is arranged on smoke exhaust ventilator 6 Side, lower end and the smoke exhaust ventilator 6 of oil smoke outlet pipe 7 interlink;Smoke exhaust ventilator 6, fresh air purification device, air conditioner indoor unit 1 are mounted on On the interior wall of kitchen, oil sump tank 3 is mounted on kitchen exterior wall 18;
It further include fume purifying comb 8, air-conditioning oil expeller outdoor unit 9, control system 20, the air-conditioning oil expeller outdoor unit 9 are mounted on kitchen exterior wall 18, and air-conditioning oil expeller outdoor unit 9 includes three coaming plate 901 of outdoor unit, outdoor cover plate 902 and group Air-conditioning oil expeller system 10 and chassis 903 in air-conditioning oil expeller outdoor unit 9, air-conditioning oil expeller system 10 are arranged on chassis On 903;
As shown in figure 3-2, oil smoke waste air discharge system further includes oil smoke tee tube 11, and the setting of oil smoke tee tube 11 exists 7 top of oil smoke outlet pipe, oil smoke tee tube 11 include the in line air-valve 1101 of oil smoke and fume purifying wind for being disposed thereon portion two sides Valve 1102;The lower end air inlet of oil smoke tee tube 11 is connect with 7 upper end of oil smoke outlet pipe, the upper end gas outlet of oil smoke tee tube 11 by The in line air-valve 1101 of oil smoke and the control of fume purifying air-valve 1102 make the discharge of oil smoke waste air have air quantity regulatory function and discharge side To conversion function;Mode is discharged using the in line mode of oil smoke waste air or fume purifying in the discharge of oil smoke waste air;
Air conditioner indoor unit 1 includes base 101, panel 102, blower B 103, wind deflector 104 and evaporator 105;The face The setting of plate 102 is arranged in air conditioner indoor unit front end face, the wind deflector 104 in air conditioner indoor unit front lower place, the evaporator 105 It is arranged in base 101;
As shown in Fig. 8-Figure 12, the air-conditioning oil expeller system 10 includes compressor 1018, threeway A 1001, threeway B 1002, threeway C 1003, threeway D 1004, threeway E 1005, threeway F 1006, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007, four are powered Magnetic reversal valve B 1008, condenser 1009, capillary A 1011, capillary B 1012, shut-off valve A 1013, shut-off valve B 1014, oil expeller 1010, solenoid valve A 1015, solenoid valve B 1016, isocon 1019, header 1020, blower A 1017;
The upper end of compressor 1018 is connect with the lower port of threeway B 1002, the left port and solenoid valve A of threeway D 1004 1015 connections, the right output port of threeway D 1004 are connect with 1009 upper port of condenser, 1009 lower port of condenser and threeway F The connection of 1006 upper ports, 1006 right output port of threeway F are connect with capillary A 1011, capillary A 1011 and shut-off valve B 1014 Connection, shut-off valve B 1014 are connect with isocon 1019, and isocon 1019 is connect with evaporator 105, evaporator 105 and header 1020 connections, header 1020 are connect with shut-off valve A 1013, and shut-off valve A 1013 is connect with the upper port of threeway E 1005, and three The left port of logical E 1005 is connect with solenoid valve B 1016, and solenoid valve B 1016 is connect with the upper port of threeway C 1003, threeway C 1003 right output port is connect with solenoid valve A 1015, and 1001 lower port of threeway A is connect with the left port of compressor 1018;
1005 upper port of threeway E is connect with header 1020, and header 1020 connects;Four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007 Intermediate upper port connect with the upper port of threeway A 1001;The upper left port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008 and threeway C 1003 left port connection, the upper port of threeway C 1003 are connect with solenoid valve B 1016;The left port of threeway B 1002 with The lower port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008 connects, and the lower port of oil expeller 1010 is connect with capillary B 1012, capillary B 1012 connect with the left port of threeway F 1006;The lower port of threeway E 1005 and the left upper end of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007 Mouth connection, the top Centronics port of solenoid directional control valve A are connect with the upper port of threeway A 1001;
The lower port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007 is connect with the upper port of threeway B 1002, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007 middle upper port is connect with 1001 left port of threeway A;The lower port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007 is changed with four-way electromagnetic When being communicated to the upper left port of valve A 1007, the upper left port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007 and the lower port of threeway D 1004 Connection;When the lower port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007 is communicated with the upper right port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007, four-way The upper right port of solenoid directional control valve A 1007 is connect with 1005 lower port of threeway E;
The setting of blower A 1017 is arranged in 1009 side of condenser, blower B 103 in 105 side of evaporator;
Air-conditioning oil expeller outdoor unit 9 is made of heat pump air conditioning system and heat pump oil removing system, heat pump air conditioning system and heat pump Oil removing system shares a compressor 1018, evaporator 105, condenser 1009, oil expeller 1010, and the refrigeration of oil expeller 1010 is solidifying Oil is with fuser oil processed using two four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008, solenoid valve A 1015, electricity Magnet valve B 1016 and two sets of throttle system conversion and controls;Machine system is exactly a split type double heat pump air conditioners, evaporator 105 Device is in kitchen, and in outdoor unit, oil smoke waste air is guided to outside kitchen in outdoor unit for condenser 1009 and 1010 device of oil expeller Oil expeller 1010, the cooling condenser 1009 of low temperature waste air mixing outdoor fresh air after oil removing recycles the low temperature of fume eliminating waste air Energy;
The present invention uses heat pump refrigerating technology, and cooling oil smoke method isolates solidifying grease, and when stopping smoke exhaust ventilator 6 heats again Molten oil discharge edible vegetable oil liquid;Heat pump refrigerating and heating can all consume energy, since this technology and heat pump air conditioner are combined, recycle cooling oil The energy of cigarette consumption, can reduce Overall Power Consumption, the combination of cooling and purifying oil smoke and air conditioner refrigerating technology reaches energy conservation and degreases With the optimum efficiency of kitchen constant temperature dehumidification;
When this method is only applicable to winter summer grade air conditioner, can just it recover energy.When season in spring and autumn does not have to air conditioner, can also it purify Oil smoke, but cannot recover energy;The invention discloses a kind of cold and hot kitchen fume absolute oil technology of heat pump, kitchen fresh air air curtains to distribute The process structure of formula oxygen-supplying technology, kitchen heat pump air conditioner Energy Recovery Technology and these technical functionality system compatible technologies.The skill Art, which introduces fresh air, realizes full fume purifying discharge function simultaneously, and purifying oil fume waste air energy is effectively returned in operation of air conditioner It receives;
Air-conditioning oil expeller system 10 is air-conditioning constant temperature dehumidification oil removing system outdoor unit, i.e. the purification of oil smoke waste air and constant temperature dehumidification Heat pump refrigeration system;
The function operational mode of air-conditioning oil expeller system 10 includes air conditioner refrigerating dehumidification mode, i.e. refrigeration mode, air-conditioning system Hot dehumidification mode, i.e. heating mode, the oil removing operational mode of oil removing mode, the molten oily operational mode of oil removing mode, oil removing of freezing The oil removing operational mode of mode, the molten oily operational mode of refrigeration oil removing mode, heats the oil removing operational mode of oil removing mode, heating The molten oily operational mode of oil removing mode;
The control system 20 includes automatically controlling chip (not shown), and the product type for automatically controlling chip is MCUR7S910025 chip.The function that kitchen fresh air air conditioner for machine combines unit is more, is just able to achieve unit using intelligent control Multi-functional operation;
Oil removing principle: key technology of the invention first is that the innovation of oil smoke degreasing technique, the solidifying oil design of existing oil smoke is again There is the oil removing design for coagulating oil.Oil tech is coagulated using air conditioner refrigerating, active refrigeration cooling can effectively remove the sump oil in oil smoke, by It can not be influenced by environment temperature taking human as design in cryogenic temperature.The solidifying oily process of oil smoke and temperature are closely related, cooling temperature Lower oil removal efficiency is higher, and it is faster to coagulate speed oil;The solidifying oily effect on common 6 surface of smoke exhaust ventilator can be seen that one at 30 DEG C 6 surface of new smoke exhaust ventilator that the environment temperature above summer uses is almost without solidifying oil trace mark, in 0 DEG C of use in winter, smoke pumping 6 inner surface of machine has been covered with solidifying oil quickly.It is attached to the solidifying oil of oil removing pipe surface, edible vegetable oil liquid can be molten at high temperature, it is automatic to flow Into the accumulator of lower part.After heat pump air conditioner commutation, oil expeller 1010 is heated, and high temperature heats completely up to 80 DEG C or more Solidifying oil is edible vegetable oil liquid, is flowed in storage tank or trench automatically;Here it is oil smoke oil removing principles of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, fresh air imported unit includes fresh air inlet pipe 12, fresh air purification device includes fresh air purifier 13, newly Fresh-air fan (not shown) is installed, fresh air distributor includes fresh air distribution pipe 14, fresh air distribution in wind clarifier 13 Case 15, fresh air air curtain outlet 17 and fresh air front outlet 16;The setting of control system 20 is in 15 front of fresh air distributor box;
Automatic running fresh air mode: fresh-air fan (not shown) is opened: outdoor fresh air-fresh air 12-exterior wall of inlet pipe 18-13-fresh air of fresh air purifier, 14-fresh air of distribution pipe, 15-fresh air of distributor box fronts outlet 16 and fresh air air curtain outlet 17; Fresh air introduction system is an autonomous system, the support modes that can must be matched with isolated operation fresh air mode and fume eliminating mode;
Fresh air volume and the dirty Wind Coverage Calculation of discharge: since kitchen is unit most special in civil buildings, in addition to people in kitchen An ancient official title more has kitchen range oxygen supply, cannot completely according to standard GB/T 50736-2012 " civil buildings supply dim ventilation and air Adjusted design " in, the regulation of room fresh air volume is calculated;The calorific value of burning natural gas is 35588kj/m3, usually press 4186.8kj calorific value is for fresh air volume 1m3It calculates, burn 1m3Natural gas about needs 8.50m3Fresh air, since kitchen range is spacious Open port firing, coefficient of excess air are maximized 1.8, and burn 1m3Natural gas should be 15.30m3Fresh air.3 mouthfuls of family is home-use Double-head cooking stove natural gas dosage 2m3/ h is 30.60m for the combustion-supporting fresh air volume of cooking stove3/h;Operator is calculated by 2 people in kitchen, Breathing fresh air for people is 60m3/ h, the minimum fresh air requirmente of small household kitchen about 100m3/h;The combustion-supporting oxygen supply of one double end cooking stove Fresh air volume is equivalent to the breathing oxygen supply fresh air volume of a people, and general kitchen area is all little, but density of personnel is not high, but is all Operator, kitchen fresh air changes are calculated by 1.0;Practical cook's number, cooking stove number are pressed for the fresh air volume of restaurant kitchen Amount, kitchen area and amount of consumed gas are calculated, and fresh air changes are calculated by 2.0;
Fresh air purifier 13 uses high-efficiency filtering and purifying device or micro- electrostatic cleaner, of China Domestic Environment air Grain object pollution is more serious, and the purification for introducing fresh air should be except based on PM2.5, the volatile contaminant gas generated to building passes through Fresh air is introduced, discharge waste air carries out desalt processing, can only carry out at purification to particulate matter in the environment of no other pollution sources Reason;By high-efficiency filtering and purifying device handle PM2.5 particulate matter, or by micro- electrostatic cleaner carry out exterminating bacterium and PM2.5 particulate matter comprehensive treatment;
In 6 periphery of smoke exhaust ventilator, air port is downward for fresh air air curtain outlet 17, the not outer benefit of oil smoke waste air can be encased, due to examining Considering smoke exhaust ventilator 6 has the ability for attracting air curtain fresh air short circuit discharge, and 17 inside of fresh air air curtain outlet is provided with outside deflection 0- The air curtain wind deflector at 30 degree of angles;Since kitchen ventilation is based on oil smoke waste air, when introducing fresh air, the energy of oil smoke waste air is not recycled Amount is introduced after fresh air can purify and is directly entered in kitchen;The purpose for introducing fresh air is to breathe oxygen supply, wind curtain type hood to operator Air feed and the combustion-supporting oxygen supply of cooking stove, therefore fresh air must be distributed effectively.
As shown in figure 3-2, the oil smoke vertical pipe 2 is threaded through in exterior wall 18, and the indoor end and oil smoke of oil smoke vertical pipe 2 are straight Exhaust valve 1101 connects, and the outdoor end of oil smoke vertical pipe 2 is stretched out outside kitchen;The discharge of oil smoke waste air uses the in line mould of oil smoke waste air Formula, when 27 DEG C or more hot weathers, discharge oil smoke will not generate solidifying oil inside and outside kitchen, only be higher than 27 DEG C and newly in environment temperature When wind mode operation, the in line mode of oil smoke waste air could be opened, oil smoke dirt cannot be completely exhausted out by singly opening the in line mode of oil smoke waste air Wind;
When environment temperature is higher than 27 DEG C, the in line mode of oil smoke waste air, the in line mode of oil smoke waste air may be selected are as follows: open fresh air Blower (not shown) opens smoke exhaust ventilator 6, opens the in line air-valve 1101 of oil smoke, closes fume purifying air-valve 1102, makes oil Cigarette waste air is expelled directly out under the drive of smoke exhaust ventilator 6, by following routes: the in line air-valve of smoke exhaust ventilator 6-oil smoke, 7-oil smoke of outlet pipe Outside 1101-2-kitchens of oil smoke vertical pipe.
As shown in figure 3-2, the discharge of oil smoke waste air uses fume purifying and mode is discharged, in 27 DEG C or less microthermal climates, Discharge oil smoke can generate solidifying oil inside and outside kitchen, can choose fume purifying discharging modes discharge kitchen fume waste air;Oil smoke is net Change discharging modes are as follows: open smoke exhaust ventilator 6, close the in line air-valve 1101 of oil smoke, open fume purifying air-valve 1102, open fresh air System opens the fume eliminating heating mode of fresh air purifier 13 and constant temperature dehumidification heat pump refrigeration system, generates in kitchen at this time Oil smoke waste air can carry out under the nursing of fresh air air curtain, by following routes: smoke exhaust ventilator 6-oil smoke, 7-fume purifying of outlet pipe 1102-fume purifying of air-valve comb 8 drains into air-conditioning oil expeller outdoor unit 9, carries out oil removal treatment.
As shown in figure 4, to cooperate oil removing system to be controlled in 1 operational mode of air conditioner indoor unit;Due to air conditioner indoor unit 1 It is mounted in kitchen, any fume pollution is not allow in kitchen, therefore only allow in air conditioning chamber in the fresh air for thering is air curtain to protect Under the conditions of introducing or not having to cooking stove, air conditioner indoor unit 1 could be used.
As shown in Fig. 8, Figure 13, air conditioner refrigerating dehumidification mode, the i.e. refrigeration mode, air conditioner refrigerating dehumidification mode are independent Functional mode, it is out of service that fresh air introduces function, oil smoke discharge function;
Air conditioner refrigerating dehumidification mode (refrigeration mode) are as follows: shut-off valve A 1013 is opened, shut-off valve B 1014 is opened, solenoid valve A 1015 passes, solenoid valve B 1016 is opened, fresh-air fan is stopped, smoke exhaust ventilator 6 stops, the in line air-valve 1101 of oil smoke is closed, blower A 1017 It opens, blower B 103 is opened, 1007 no power of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008 are powered, compressor 1018 It opens, operational process are as follows: compressor 1018 (compressing high pressure gas)-threeway B 1002- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007- threeway D 1004- condenser 1009- threeway F 1006- capillary A 1011- shut-off valve B 1014- isocon 1019- evaporator 105- collection Flow tube 1020- shut-off valve A 1013- threeway E 1005- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008- threeway C1003- reversal valve B- threeway A 1001- compressor 1018 is sequentially connected, meanwhile, threeway B 1002- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008- oil expeller 1010- capillary Pipe B 1012- threeway F 1006 is sequentially connected, and threeway E 1005- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007- threeway A 1001 successively connects It connects, threeway D 1004- solenoid valve A 1015 (pass) connection, threeway C 1003- solenoid valve A 1015 (pass) connection, refrigeration working medium is pressed Above-mentioned process flowing, circulation is repeatedly.
As shown in Fig. 9, Figure 14, air-conditioning heating dehumidification mode, the i.e. heating mode, air-conditioning heating dehumidification mode are independent Functional mode, it is out of service that fresh air introduces function, oil smoke discharge function;
Heating mode are as follows: shut-off valve A 1013 is opened, shut-off valve B 1014 is opened, solenoid valve A 1015 is closed, solenoid valve B 1016 It opens, fresh-air fan is stopped, smoke exhaust ventilator 6 stops, the in line air-valve 1101 of oil smoke is closed, fume purifying air-valve 1102 is closed, blower A 1017 open, blower B 103 is opened, 1007 no power of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008 are powered, compressor 1018 open, operational process are as follows: compressor 1018 (compressing high pressure gas)-threeway B 1002- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007- tri- Logical E 1005- header 1020- evaporator 105- isocon 1019- shut-off valve B 1014- capillary A 1011- threeway F 1006- condenser 1009- threeway D 1004- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007- threeway A 1001- compressor 1018 successively connects Connect, meanwhile, threeway B 1002- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008- threeway C 1003- solenoid valve B 1016- threeway E 1005 according to Secondary connection, threeway F 1006- capillary B 1012- oil expeller 1010- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008- threeway A 1001 is successively Connection, threeway D 1004- solenoid valve A 1015 (pass) connection, threeway C 1003- solenoid valve A 1015 (pass) connection, flow working medium It is flowed by above-mentioned process, circulation is repeatedly.
As shown in Figure 10-1,10-2, Figure 15-1, Figure 15-2, the fresh air-oil smoke waste air discharge-fume eliminating mode is removed Oily mode, it is necessary to which Three models are run simultaneously can be only achieved deoiling effect, under fresh air introduction function normal running (operation) conditions, oil removing Mode operation, the operation of oil smoke discharge function;Fresh air-oil smoke waste air discharge-fume eliminating mode, i.e. oil removing mode, including oil removing mould The oil removing operational mode of formula and the molten oily operational mode of oil removing mode;
The oil removing operation that " oil removing " mode is opened when kitchen range operates in one day, after whole day is finished cooking stove, opens " oil removing " The molten oil operation of mode, molten oil are automatically closed " oil removing " mode after the completion, switch to " fresh air mode ";The oil removing of oil removing mode is run When, although indoor evaporator 105 has a little refrigeration effect, since indoor unit blower B 103 is closed, cooling capacity only has free convection Effect is let cool, only heat is generated for balance cooking stove and is used;
The oil removing operational mode of oil removing mode are as follows: shut-off valve A 1013 is opened, shut-off valve B 1014 is opened, solenoid valve A 1015 It opens, solenoid valve B 1016 is closed, fresh-air fan is opened, smoke exhaust ventilator 6 is opened, the in line air-valve 1101 of oil smoke is closed, fume purifying air-valve 1102 open, blower A 1017 is opened, blower B 103 is closed, 1007 no power of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008 no powers, compressor 1018 are opened, operational process are as follows: compressor 1018 (compressing high pressure gas)-threeway B 1002- tetra- is powered Magnetic reversal valve A 1007- threeway D 1004- condenser 1009- threeway F 1006- capillary A 1011- shut-off valve B 1014- points Flow tube 1019- evaporator 105- header 1020- shut-off valve A 1013- threeway E 1005- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007- tri- Logical A 1001- compressor 1018 is sequentially connected, meanwhile, threeway B 1002- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008- threeway C 1003- Solenoid valve A 1015- threeway D 1004 is sequentially connected, and threeway F 1006- capillary B 1012- oil expeller 1010- four-way electromagnetic changes It is sequentially connected to valve B 1008- threeway A 1001, threeway C 1003- solenoid valve B 1016 (pass) connection, threeway E 1005- electromagnetism Valve B 1016 (pass) connection, flow working medium are flowed by above-mentioned process, and circulation is repeatedly;
In the molten oil operation of oil removing mode, all blowers are all closed, and oil expeller 1010 and evaporator 105 are all in heating State, the solidifying oil on oil expeller 1010 are heated fusing, the storage tank that flows under outer machine chassis 903 or are vented directly to trench; After the oil removing operation for completing one day oil removing mode, it is necessary to the molten oil operation for carrying out oil removing mode is only real deoiling function, If will affect second day deoiling effect without melting the solidifying oil of oil operation processing everyday;
The molten oily operational mode of oil removing mode are as follows: shut-off valve A 1013 is opened, shut-off valve B 1014 is opened, solenoid valve A 1015 It opens, solenoid valve B 1016 is closed, fresh-air fan is closed, smoke exhaust ventilator 6 closes, the in line air-valve 1101 of oil smoke is closed, fume purifying air-valve 1102 close, blower A 1017 is closed, blower B 103 is closed, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007 is powered, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008 is powered, compressor 1018 is opened, operational process are as follows: compressor 1018 (compressing high pressure gas)-threeway B 1002- tetra- is powered Magnetic reversal valve A 1007- threeway E 1005- shut-off valve A 1013- header 1020- evaporator 105- isocon 1019- shut-off valve B 1014- capillary A 1011- threeway F 1006- condenser 1009- threeway D 1004- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007- tri- Logical A 1001- compressor 1018 is sequentially connected, meanwhile, threeway B 1002- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008- oil expeller 1010- Capillary B 1012- threeway F 1006 is sequentially connected, and 1003 four-way electromagnetic of threeway D 1004- solenoid valve A 1015- threeway C changes It is sequentially connected to valve B 1008- threeway A 1001, threeway C 1003- solenoid valve B 1016 (pass) connection, threeway E 1005- electromagnetism Valve B 1016 (pass) connection, flow working medium are flowed by above-mentioned process, and circulation is repeatedly.
As shown in figures 11 and 16, the air conditioner refrigerating dehumidifying-fresh air-oil smoke waste air discharge-fume eliminating mode, i.e. refrigeration Oil removing mode, refrigeration oil removing mode include the oil removing operational mode of refrigeration oil removing mode, and the molten oil operation of refrigeration oil removing mode Mode;Freeze oil removing mode with oil removing mode basic skills as, except that refrigeration oil removing mode oil removing run when, room The blower 2 of interior machine is opened, and maximum refrigeration effect is reached;
The oil removing operational mode for oil removing mode of freezing are as follows: shut-off valve A 1013 is opened, shut-off valve B 1014 is opened, solenoid valve A 1015 passes, solenoid valve B 1016 is closed, fresh-air fan is opened, smoke exhaust ventilator 6 is opened, the in line air-valve 1101 of oil smoke is closed, fume purifying wind Valve 1102 is opened, blower A 1017 is opened, blower B 103 is opened, 1007 no power of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008 no powers, compressor 1018 are opened, operational process are as follows: compressor 1018 (compressing high pressure gas)-threeway B 1002- tetra- is powered Magnetic reversal valve A 1007- threeway D 1004- condenser 1009- threeway F 1006- capillary A 1011- shut-off valve B 1014- points Flow tube 1019- evaporator 105- header 1020- shut-off valve A 1013- threeway E 1005- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007- tri- Logical A 1001- compressor 1018 is sequentially connected, meanwhile, threeway B 1002- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008- threeway C 1003- Solenoid valve A 1015- threeway D 1004 is sequentially connected, and threeway F 1006- capillary B 1012- oil expeller 1010- four-way electromagnetic changes It is sequentially connected to valve B 1008- threeway A 1001, threeway C 1003- solenoid valve B 1016 (pass) connection, threeway E 1005- electromagnetism Valve B 1016 (pass) connection, flow working medium are flowed by above-mentioned process, and circulation is repeatedly;
The molten oily operational mode for oil removing mode of freezing and the molten oily operational mode of oil removing mode are identical, repeat no more.
As shown in Figure 12 and Figure 17, the air-conditioning heating dehumidifying-fresh air-oil smoke waste air discharge-fume eliminating mode is heated Oil removing mode, the heating oil removing mode include heating the molten oil fortune of the oil removing operational mode and heating oil removing mode of oil removing mode Row mode;This mode includes fresh air operation, the operation of 6 purifying oil fume of smoke exhaust ventilator, air-conditioning heating operation, heats removing for oil removing mode 5 parts of oil operation and molten oil operation, are scheduled by time: fresh air operation-air-conditioning heating operation-air-conditioning heating oil removing oil removing fortune 6 purifying oil fume of row-smoke exhaust ventilator operation-molten oil operation;The time of molten oil operation will not be too long, is typically scheduled at whole day and deactivates It is carried out after cooking stove;
Heat the oil removing operational mode of oil removing mode: shut-off valve A 1013 is opened, shut-off valve B 1014 is opened, solenoid valve A 1015 It closes, solenoid valve B 1016 is opened, fresh-air fan is opened, smoke exhaust ventilator 6 is opened, the in line air-valve 1101 of oil smoke is closed, fume purifying air-valve 1102 open, blower A 1017 is opened, blower B 103 is opened, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007 is powered, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008 No power, compressor 1018 are opened, operational process are as follows: compressor 1018 (compressing high pressure gas)-threeway B 1002- four-way electromagnetic changes To valve A 1007- threeway F 1006- shut-off valve A 1013- header 1020- evaporator 105- isocon 1019- shut-off valve B 1014- capillary A 1011- threeway F 1006- condenser 1009- threeway D 1004- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A 1007- threeway A 1001- compressor 1018 is sequentially connected, meanwhile, threeway B 1002- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008- threeway C 1003- electromagnetism Valve B 1016- threeway F 1006 is sequentially connected, threeway F 1006- capillary B 1012- oil expeller 1010- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B 1008- threeway A 1001 is sequentially connected, threeway C 1003- solenoid valve A 1015 (pass) connection, threeway D 1004- solenoid valve A 1015 (passes) connection, flow working medium are flowed by above-mentioned process, and circulation is repeatedly;
The molten oily operational mode for heating oil removing mode is identical with the molten oily operational mode of oil removing mode, repeats no more.
Embodiment described above, the only present invention more preferably embodiment, those skilled in the art is in the present invention The usual variations and alternatives carried out in technical proposal scope should be all included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group is assembled in outside, a kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air-conditioning in exterior wall Combining unit includes the fresh air system of indoor section, oil smoke waste air discharge system, air conditioner indoor unit, and the oil smoke of outdoor section is in line Pipe, oil sump tank, inlet tube and muffler;Fresh air system includes fresh air imported unit, fresh air purification device and fresh air distributor, Oil smoke waste air discharge system includes smoke exhaust ventilator, oil smoke outlet pipe, and the oil smoke outlet pipe is arranged above smoke exhaust ventilator, oil smoke outlet pipe Lower end interlink with smoke exhaust ventilator;Smoke exhaust ventilator, fresh air purification device, air conditioner indoor unit are mounted on the interior wall of kitchen, oil-collecting Case is mounted on kitchen exterior wall;It is characterized by:
It further include fume purifying comb, air-conditioning oil expeller outdoor unit, control system, the air-conditioning oil expeller outdoor unit is mounted on kitchen On room exterior wall, air-conditioning oil expeller outdoor unit includes three coaming plate of outdoor unit, outdoor cover plate and is assembled in outside air-conditioning oil expeller room Air-conditioning oil expeller system and chassis in machine, air-conditioning oil expeller system are arranged on chassis;
Oil smoke waste air discharge system further includes oil smoke tee tube, and the oil smoke tee tube is arranged above oil smoke outlet pipe, oil smoke three Siphunculus includes the in line air-valve of oil smoke and fume purifying air-valve for being disposed thereon portion two sides;The lower end air inlet of oil smoke tee tube with The upper end gas outlet of the connection of oil smoke outlet pipe upper end, oil smoke tee tube is controlled by the in line air-valve of oil smoke and fume purifying air-valve;Oil smoke Mode is discharged using the in line mode of oil smoke waste air or fume purifying in waste air discharge;
Air conditioner indoor unit includes base, panel, blower B, wind deflector and evaporator;The panel is arranged in air conditioner indoor unit front end Face, in air conditioner indoor unit front lower place, the evaporator is arranged in base for the wind deflector setting;
The air-conditioning oil expeller system includes compressor, threeway A, threeway B, threeway C, threeway D, threeway E, threeway F, four-way electromagnetic Reversal valve A, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B, condenser, capillary A, capillary B, shut-off valve A, shut-off valve B, oil expeller, solenoid valve A, solenoid valve B, isocon, header, blower A, blower B;
The upper end of compressor is connect with the lower port of threeway B, and the left port of threeway D is connect with solenoid valve A, the right output port of threeway D It is connect with upper end of condenser mouth, condenser lower port is connect with threeway F upper port, and threeway F right output port is connect with capillary A, hair Tubule A is connect with shut-off valve B, and shut-off valve B is connect with isocon, and isocon is connect with evaporator, and evaporator is connect with header, Header is connect with shut-off valve A, and shut-off valve A is connect with the upper port of threeway E, and the left port of threeway E is connect with solenoid valve B, electricity Magnet valve B is connect with the upper port of threeway C, and the right output port of threeway C is connect with solenoid valve A, the left end of threeway A lower port and compressor Mouth connection;
Threeway E upper port is connect with header, header connection;The intermediate upper port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A is upper with threeway A's Port connection;The upper left port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B is connect with the left port of threeway C, the upper port and solenoid valve B of threeway C Connection;The left port of threeway B is connect with the lower port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B, and the lower port and capillary B of oil expeller connect It connects, capillary B is connect with the left port of threeway F;The lower port of threeway E is connect with the upper left port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A, electricity The top Centronics port of magnetic reversal valve A is connect with the upper port of threeway A;
The lower port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A is connect with the upper port of threeway B, the middle upper port and three of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A Logical A left port connection;When the lower port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A is communicated with the upper left port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A, four are powered The upper left port of magnetic reversal valve A is connect with the lower port of threeway D;The lower port and four-way electromagnetic of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A commutates When the upper right port of valve A communicates, the upper right port of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A is connect with threeway E lower port;
Blower A setting is arranged in condenser side, blower B in evaporator side;
Air-conditioning oil expeller outdoor unit is made of heat pump air conditioning system and heat pump oil removing system, heat pump air conditioning system and heat pump oil removing system Altogether with compressor, evaporator, condenser, an oil expeller, the cold oil processed and fuser oil processed of oil expeller are using two four-ways Solenoid directional control valve A, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B, solenoid valve A, solenoid valve B and two sets of throttle system conversion and controls;Machine system is just It is a split type double heat pump air conditioners, evaporator is in kitchen, and condenser and oil expeller device are in outdoor unit, oil smoke Waste air guides to the oil expeller outside kitchen in outdoor unit, and the cooling condenser of low temperature waste air mixing outdoor fresh air after oil removing, recycling removes The cryogenic energy of oil smoke waste air;
The purification of air-conditioning oil expeller system, that is, air-conditioning constant temperature dehumidification oil removing system outdoor unit, i.e. oil smoke waste air and constant temperature dehumidification heat pump system Cooling system;
The function operational mode of air-conditioning oil expeller system includes air conditioner refrigerating dehumidification mode, i.e. refrigeration mode, air-conditioning heating dehumidifying Mode, i.e. heating mode, the oil removing operational mode of oil removing mode, the molten oily operational mode of oil removing mode, refrigeration oil removing mode Oil removing operational mode, the molten oily operational mode of refrigeration oil removing mode, heats the oil removing operational mode of oil removing mode, heats oil removing mould The molten oily operational mode of formula.
2. a kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: fresh air introduces dress It sets including fresh air inlet pipe, fresh air purification device includes fresh air purifier, and fresh-air fan, fresh air distribution are equipped in fresh air purifier Device includes fresh air distribution pipe, fresh air distributor box, the outlet of fresh air air curtain and the outlet of fresh air front;Set-up of control system is in fresh air point Before case;
Automatic running fresh air mode: fresh-air fan is opened: outdoor fresh air-fresh air inlet pipe-exterior wall-fresh air purifier-fresh air Distribution pipe-fresh air distributor box-fresh air front outlet and the outlet of fresh air air curtain;Fresh air introduction system is autonomous system, is individually transported Row fresh air mode, the support modes that must match in fume eliminating mode;
Fresh air purifier uses high-efficiency filtering and purifying device or micro- electrostatic cleaner;
For the outlet of fresh air air curtain in smoke exhaust ventilator periphery, air port is downward, and fresh air air curtain outlet inside is provided with outside deflection 0-30 degree The air curtain wind deflector at angle.
3. a kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the oil smoke is straight Comb is threaded through outside within the walls, and the indoor end of oil smoke vertical pipe is connect with the in line air-valve of oil smoke, and the outdoor end of oil smoke vertical pipe is stretched out Outside kitchen;The discharge of oil smoke waste air uses the in line mode of oil smoke waste air;
The in line mode of oil smoke waste air are as follows: open fresh-air fan, open smoke exhaust ventilator, open the in line air-valve of oil smoke, it is net to close oil smoke Change air-valve, is expelled directly out oil smoke waste air under smoke exhaust ventilator drive, by following routes: smoke exhaust ventilator-oil smoke outlet pipe-oil smoke Outside in line air-valve-oil smoke vertical pipe-kitchen.
4. a kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: oil smoke waste air row Fume purifying is used out, and mode is discharged,
Fume purifying discharging modes are as follows: open smoke exhaust ventilator, close the in line air-valve of oil smoke, open fume purifying air-valve, open new Wind system opens the fume eliminating heating mode of fresh air purifier and constant temperature dehumidification heat pump refrigeration system, generates in kitchen at this time Oil smoke waste air carries out under the nursing of fresh air air curtain, by following routes: smoke exhaust ventilator-oil smoke outlet pipe-fume purifying air-valve- Fume purifying comb drains into air-conditioning oil expeller outdoor unit, carries out oil removal treatment.
5. a kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the air-conditioning system Cold dehumidification mode, i.e. refrigeration mode, air conditioner refrigerating dehumidification mode are standalone feature mode, and fresh air introduces function, function is discharged in oil smoke It can be out of service;
Air conditioner refrigerating dehumidification mode, that is, refrigeration mode are as follows: shut-off valve A is opened, shut-off valve B is opened, solenoid valve A is closed, solenoid valve B is opened, fresh air Blower stops, smoke exhaust ventilator stops, the in line air-valve of oil smoke is closed, blower A is opened, blower B is opened, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A no power, four-way Solenoid directional control valve B is powered, compressor is opened, operational process are as follows: compressor, that is, compressing high pressure gas-threeway B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A- threeway D- condenser-threeway F- capillary A- shut-off valve B- isocon-evaporator-header-shut-off valve A- threeway E- four-way Solenoid directional control valve B- threeway C- reversal valve B- threeway A- compressor is sequentially connected, meanwhile, threeway B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- is removed Oily device-capillary B- threeway F is sequentially connected;Threeway D- solenoid valve A closes connection;Refrigeration working medium is flowed by above-mentioned process, circulation Repeatedly.
6. a kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the air-conditioning system Hot dehumidification mode, i.e. heating mode, air-conditioning heating dehumidification mode are standalone feature mode, and fresh air introduces function, function is discharged in oil smoke It can be out of service;
Heating mode are as follows: shut-off valve A is opened, shut-off valve B is opened, solenoid valve A is closed, solenoid valve B is opened, fresh-air fan is stopped, smoke exhaust ventilator stops, The in line air-valve of oil smoke is closed, fume purifying air-valve is closed, blower A is opened, blower B is opened, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A no power, four-way Solenoid directional control valve B is powered, compressor is opened, operational process are as follows: compressor, that is, compressing high pressure gas-threeway B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A- threeway E- header-evaporator-isocon-shut-off valve B- capillary A- threeway F- condenser-threeway D- four-way electromagnetic commutation Valve A- threeway A- compressor is sequentially connected, meanwhile, threeway B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- threeway C- solenoid valve B- threeway E successively connects It connecing, threeway F- capillary B- oil expeller-four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- threeway A is sequentially connected, and threeway D- solenoid valve A closes connection, Threeway C- solenoid valve A closes connection, and flow working medium is flowed by above-mentioned process, and circulation is repeatedly.
7. a kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the fresh air- Oil smoke waste air discharge-fume eliminating mode, i.e. oil removing mode, it is necessary to which Three models are run simultaneously can be only achieved deoiling effect, new Wind introduce function normal running (operation) conditions under, oil removing mode operation, oil smoke discharge function operation;Fresh air-oil smoke waste air discharge-oil removing Cigarette mode, i.e. oil removing mode, the molten oily operational mode of oil removing operational mode and oil removing mode including oil removing mode;
The oil removing operational mode of oil removing mode are as follows: shut-off valve A is opened, shut-off valve B is opened, solenoid valve A is opened, solenoid valve B is closed, fresh-air fan It opens, smoke exhaust ventilator is opened, the in line air-valve of oil smoke is closed, fume purifying air-valve is opened, blower A is opened, blower B is closed, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A No power, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B no power, compressor are opened, operational process are as follows: compressor, that is, compressing high pressure gas-threeway B- Four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A- threeway D- condenser-threeway F- capillary A- shut-off valve B- isocon-evaporator-header-cut-off Valve A- threeway E- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A- threeway A- compressor is sequentially connected, meanwhile, threeway B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- tri- Logical C- solenoid valve A- threeway D is sequentially connected, and threeway F- capillary B- oil expeller-four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- threeway A is sequentially connected, Threeway C- solenoid valve B closes connection, and threeway E- solenoid valve B closes connection, and flow working medium is flowed by above-mentioned process, and circulation is repeatedly;
In the molten oil operation of oil removing mode, all blowers are all closed, and oil expeller and evaporator are all in heated condition, oil expeller On solidifying oil be heated fusing, the storage tank that flows under outer machine chassis or be expelled directly out;
The molten oily operational mode of oil removing mode are as follows: shut-off valve A is opened, shut-off valve B is opened, solenoid valve A is opened, solenoid valve B is closed, fresh-air fan Pass, smoke pumping organ, the in line air-valve of oil smoke is closed, fume purifying air-valve is closed, blower A is closed, blower B is closed, four-way electromagnetic Reversal valve A is powered, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B is powered, compressor is opened, operational process are as follows: compressor, that is, compressing high pressure gas-threeway B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A- threeway E- shut-off valve A- header-evaporator-isocon-shut-off valve B- capillary A- threeway F- is cold Condenser-threeway D- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A- threeway A- compressor is sequentially connected, meanwhile, threeway B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- is removed Oily device-capillary B- threeway F is sequentially connected, and threeway D- solenoid valve A- threeway C four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- threeway A is sequentially connected, Threeway C- solenoid valve B closes connection, and threeway E- solenoid valve B closes connection, and flow working medium is flowed by above-mentioned process, and circulation is repeatedly.
8. a kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the air-conditioning system Cold dehumidifying-fresh air-oil smoke waste air discharge-fume eliminating mode, oil removing mode of freezing, refrigeration oil removing mode include refrigeration oil removing mould The oil removing operational mode of formula, and the molten oily operational mode of refrigeration oil removing mode;
The oil removing operational mode for oil removing mode of freezing are as follows: shut-off valve A is opened, shut-off valve B is opened, solenoid valve A is opened, solenoid valve B is closed, fresh air Blower is opened, smoke exhaust ventilator is opened, the in line air-valve of oil smoke is closed, fume purifying air-valve is opened, blower A is opened, blower B is opened, four-way electromagnetic changes It is opened to valve A no power, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B no power, compressor, operational process are as follows: compressor, that is, compressing high pressure gas-three Logical B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A- threeway D- condenser-threeway F- capillary A- shut-off valve B- isocon-evaporator-header- Shut-off valve A- threeway E- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A- threeway A- compressor is sequentially connected, meanwhile, threeway B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- threeway C- solenoid valve A- threeway D is sequentially connected, and threeway F- capillary B- oil expeller-four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- threeway A is successively Connection, threeway C- solenoid valve B close connection, and threeway E- solenoid valve B closes connection, and flow working medium is flowed by above-mentioned process, circulation Repeatedly;
The molten oily operational mode for oil removing mode of freezing and the molten oily operational mode of oil removing mode are identical, repeat no more.
9. a kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the air-conditioning system Hot dehumidifying-fresh air-oil smoke waste air discharge-fume eliminating mode heats oil removing mode, and the heating oil removing mode includes that heating removes The oil removing operational mode of oily mode and the molten oily operational mode of heating oil removing mode;This mode includes fresh air operation, smoke exhaust ventilator Purifying oil fume operation, five parts of air-conditioning heating operation, the oil removing operation of heating oil removing mode and molten oil operation, are scheduled by time: Fresh air operation-air-conditioning heating operation-air-conditioning heating oil removing oil removing operation-smoke exhaust ventilator purifying oil fume operation-molten oil fortune Row;
Heat the oil removing operational mode of oil removing mode: shut-off valve A is opened, shut-off valve B is opened, solenoid valve A is closed, solenoid valve B is opened, fresh air wind Machine is opened, smoke exhaust ventilator is opened, the in line air-valve of oil smoke is closed, fume purifying air-valve is opened, blower A is opened, blower B is opened, four-way electromagnetic commutation Valve A energization, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B no power, compressor are opened, operational process are as follows: compressor, that is, compressing high pressure gas-threeway B- Four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A- threeway F- shut-off valve A- header-evaporator-isocon-shut-off valve B- capillary A- threeway F- condensation Device-threeway D- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve A- threeway A- compressor is sequentially connected, meanwhile, threeway B- four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- threeway C- solenoid valve B- threeway F is sequentially connected, and threeway F- capillary B- oil expeller-four-way electromagnetic reversing valve B- threeway A is sequentially connected, and three Logical C- solenoid valve A closes connection, and threeway D- solenoid valve A closes connection, and flow working medium is flowed by above-mentioned process, and circulation is repeatedly;System The molten oily operational mode of hot oil removing mode and the molten oily operational mode of oil removing mode are identical, repeat no more.
CN201910698724.0A 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 A kind of kitchen fresh air absolute oil cigarette air conditioner combined machine group Pending CN110319519A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111006260A (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-04-14 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Gas treatment system for kitchen and cooking equipment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111006260A (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-04-14 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Gas treatment system for kitchen and cooking equipment

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