CN110279922B - Gas-liquid separator and hydrogen breathing device - Google Patents

Gas-liquid separator and hydrogen breathing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110279922B
CN110279922B CN201910636367.5A CN201910636367A CN110279922B CN 110279922 B CN110279922 B CN 110279922B CN 201910636367 A CN201910636367 A CN 201910636367A CN 110279922 B CN110279922 B CN 110279922B
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resistor
port
power supply
capacitor
module
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CN110279922A (en
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陈善超
王建民
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Chen Shanchao
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0003Accessories therefor, e.g. sensors, vibrators, negative pressure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/10Preparation of respiratory gases or vapours
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D45/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours by gravity, inertia, or centrifugal forces
    • B01D45/04Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours by gravity, inertia, or centrifugal forces by utilising inertia
    • B01D45/08Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours by gravity, inertia, or centrifugal forces by utilising inertia by impingement against baffle separators
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B1/00Electrolytic production of inorganic compounds or non-metals
    • C25B1/01Products
    • C25B1/02Hydrogen or oxygen
    • C25B1/04Hydrogen or oxygen by electrolysis of water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B15/00Operating or servicing cells
    • C25B15/02Process control or regulation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B15/00Operating or servicing cells
    • C25B15/08Supplying or removing reactants or electrolytes; Regeneration of electrolytes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2205/00General characteristics of the apparatus
    • A61M2205/21General characteristics of the apparatus insensitive to tilting or inclination, e.g. spill-over prevention
    • A61M2205/215Tilt detection, e.g. for warning or shut-off
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2205/00General characteristics of the apparatus
    • A61M2205/33Controlling, regulating or measuring
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/36Hydrogen production from non-carbon containing sources, e.g. by water electrolysis

Abstract

The invention discloses a gas-liquid separator and a hydrogen breathing device, wherein the gas-liquid separator comprises a gas-liquid separation chamber surrounded by an upper cover and a bottom shell, a plurality of strip-shaped columns are formed on the inner wall of the gas-liquid separation chamber along the height direction of the gas-liquid separation chamber, a liquid discharge hole is formed at the center of the bottom shell, the upper port of the liquid discharge hole is a bulge part, a float capable of floating up and down is arranged in the gas-liquid separation chamber, an elastic pressing block is arranged at the center of the bottom of the float, the lower end face of the elastic pressing block is in sealing contact with the bulge part, a hollow sac body is formed in the elastic pressing block, an arc butt joint groove is formed in the center of the bottom of the elastic pressing block in an upward sinking mode, and a gas film is integrally arranged in the arc butt joint groove along the circumferential direction.

Description

Gas-liquid separator and hydrogen breathing device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of hydrogen molecular medicine, and particularly relates to a gas-liquid separator and a hydrogen breathing device.
Background
Hydrogen is a small molecule inert gas that was not thought to have an effect on cells and is harmless and not beneficial. Such as insomnia, constipation, chronic diseases, and even cancer. Therefore, in order to facilitate the patient to use hydrogen for treatment, the hydrogen breathing device is generated, the structure and the function of the existing hydrogen breathing device are not perfect, the safety and the intelligent degree are low, the hydrogen production efficiency is low, and how to improve the hydrogen breathing device is a technical problem to be solved at present.
Medical research proves that the hydrogen can effectively eliminate free radicals in human bodies, thereby achieving the purpose of health care. An important way of taking in hydrogen in humans is by the inhalation of hydrogen through hydrogen breathing devices. Because of the specificity of the application of the hydrogen in molecular biomedicine, if the hydrogen demand is low, the hydrogen demand can be tens of cc per minute, but the flow is required to be controllable; the safety is high, so that strict requirements are put on the hydrogen breathing device product. The main hydrogen producing method of the current hydrogen breathing device utilizes SPE to electrolyze water to produce hydrogen, and the water is decomposed into hydrogen and oxygen which are used as a gas source of the hydrogen breathing device. The technology requires an expensive SPE electrolytic tank, and the service life and reliability of equipment are questioned. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a hydrogen breathing apparatus technology which is low in cost, safe and reliable.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems in the prior art and provide the gas-liquid separator and the hydrogen breathing device, which optimize the whole structure and have the advantages of simple and reasonable structure, smaller volume, high safety and the like.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a gas-liquid separator, includes the gas-liquid separation room that upper cover and drain pan enclose, be formed with a plurality of bar posts that are provided with along its direction of height on the inner wall of gas-liquid separation room, be formed with the apopore in the bottom center department of drain hole, the last port of apopore is the bellying, is provided with a float that can float from top to bottom in the gas-liquid separation room, the bottom center department of float is provided with the elasticity briquetting, and the lower terminal surface and the bellying sealing contact of elasticity briquetting, be formed with hollow balloon in the elasticity briquetting, the central department at elasticity briquetting bottom upwards caves in and is formed with the arc butt joint groove, along circumference an organic whole being provided with the air film in the arc butt joint groove, hollow balloon bottom is provided with a plurality of air flue and air film inboard intercommunication, after the arc butt joint groove of elasticity briquetting with the bellying is upwards crowded the hollow balloon, and the air of hollow balloon is pressed in the air film, forms the annular air bag that the round is used for holding the bellying after the air film, and annular air bag separates arc butt joint groove and outside into a confined space.
Further improving the scheme, the longitudinal section of hollow bag body along its central axis is oval.
The invention provides a hydrogen breathing device which comprises any one of the gas-liquid separators.
Further improvement this scheme, including base and water tank, the base includes the bottom plate and sets up the shell body on the bottom plate, its characterized in that: the water tank is arranged above the inside of the outer shell, a cover plate is arranged above the water tank, and a two-stage gas-liquid separator and a water injection pipe are arranged on the cover plate, wherein an exhaust pipe of the front-stage gas-liquid separator is communicated with an air inlet of the rear-stage gas-liquid separator; an electrolysis device is fixedly arranged below the water tank; the water inlet hole of the electrolysis device is communicated with the water outlet hole at the bottom of the water tank through a water pump, the water outlet hole of the electrolysis device is communicated with the recovery port of the water tank through a pipeline, and the exhaust hole of the electrolysis device is communicated with the air inlet hole of the gas-liquid separator at the front stage through a pipeline; a fan is arranged below the water tank at the opening side of the outer shell and used for cooling the electrolysis device, and a controller used for controlling the system to operate is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the outer shell.
According to a further improved scheme, the circuit control system of the controller comprises a control board, an anti-toppling module, a power supply module, a fan control module, a water pump control module, a water level switch module, a hydrogen production power supply control module, a flow detection module and an audio display module; the anti-toppling module comprises a roller switch K1 arranged on a water tank cover plate, the signal output end of the anti-toppling module is connected with a control board through a signal, the roller switch K1 is used for sensing a signal of tilting of the whole device and sending the sensed signal to the control board, and a control board control system breaks a circuit; the water level switch module comprises a float liquid level meter CN33, the float liquid level meter CN33 is arranged in the water tank, when the water level in the water tank is lower than a set value, the float liquid level meter CN33 sends a detection signal to the control board, and the control board sends a control instruction to disconnect a circuit; the fan control module is used for controlling the start and stop of the fan according to the working instruction of the control panel; the water pump control module is used for controlling the start and stop of the water pump according to the working instruction of the control panel; the power supply module is connected with a 12V power supply, the voltage is reduced to 9V direct current power supply through the first voltage reduction unit, the water pump is powered, the voltage is reduced to 4.3V direct current power supply through the second voltage reduction unit, and the audio display module is powered; the hydrogen production power supply control module is used for controlling the opening or closing of a power supply circuit of the electrolysis device according to the working instruction of the control panel; the flow detection module is used for detecting the gas flow, amplifying the detected gas flow signal, sending the amplified signal to the control panel for operation, and sending the processed signal to the audio display module for display broadcasting.
According to the scheme, the anti-toppling module comprises a capacitor C4, a resistor R23 and a roller switch K1, wherein the first end of the resistor R23 is connected with the first end of the capacitor C4, the anti-toppling detection port of the control board and the first end of the roller switch K1 respectively, the second end of the resistor R23 is connected with the VCC power port, and the second end of the capacitor C4 and the second end of the roller switch K1 are grounded.
According to the scheme, the water level switch module comprises a resistor R21 and a resistor R22, wherein the first end of the resistor R21 is connected with the port 1 of the float level meter CN33 and the first end of the resistor R22 respectively, the second end of the resistor R21 is connected with the VCC power supply port, the second end of the resistor R22 is connected with the water level detection port of the water tank of the control board, and the port 2 of the float level meter CN33 is grounded.
According to the scheme, the flow detection module comprises a flow collector CN41, a port 1 of the flow collector CN41 is connected with a first end of a resistor R44, a second end of the resistor R44 is respectively connected with a first end of a capacitor C43 and a homodromous input end of an amplifier U4, a port 2 of the flow collector CN41 and the second end of the capacitor C43 are commonly grounded, a reverse input end of the amplifier U4 is respectively connected with a first end of the resistor R42 and a first end of the resistor R43, a second end of the resistor R43 is grounded, a second end of the resistor R42 is connected with an output end of the amplifier U4 and a first end of the resistor R41, a second end of the resistor R41 is connected to a flow collection port of a control board and the first end of the capacitor C42, and a second end of the capacitor C42 is grounded.
According to the scheme, the hydrogen production power supply control module comprises a resistor R55, a resistor R56, a resistor R57, a MOS tube M53, a MOS tube M54 and a hydrogen production power supply CN35, wherein a power supply control port of a control board is connected with a first end of the resistor R55, a second end of the resistor R55 is respectively connected with a grid electrode of the MOS tube M54 and a first end of the resistor R56, a drain electrode of the MOS tube M54 is respectively connected with the first end of the resistor R57 and a grid electrode of the MOS tube M53, a drain electrode of the resistor R57 and a drain electrode of the MOS tube M53 are commonly connected with a VCC power supply port, a source electrode of the MOS tube M53 is connected with a port 1 of the hydrogen production power supply CN35, and a second end of the R56, a source electrode of the MOS tube M54 and a port 2 of the hydrogen production power supply CN35 are commonly grounded.
According to a further improved scheme, the power supply module comprises a first voltage reduction unit and a second voltage reduction unit; in the first voltage reducing unit, a power supply port 2 is connected with the positive electrode of a polar capacitor CE61, a first end of a capacitor C61 and a Vin port of a voltage reducing chip U6 through a diode D2, a Vout port of the voltage reducing chip U6 is connected with the positive electrode of a polar capacitor CE62 and the first end of the capacitor C62, and a power supply port 1, a negative electrode of the polar capacitor CE61, a second end of the capacitor C61, a GND port of the voltage reducing chip U6, a negative electrode of the polar capacitor CE62 and a second end of the capacitor C62 are grounded; in the second step-down unit, a 9V power port is connected to the positive electrode of the polar capacitor CE1, the first end of the capacitor C1 and the Vin port of the step-down chip U5 through the diode D1, the Vout port of the step-down chip U5 is connected to the positive electrode of the polar capacitor CE2, the first end of the capacitor C2, the positive electrode of the diode D3 and the VCC port, the negative electrode of the diode D3 is connected to the 4.3V power port, and the negative electrode of the polar capacitor CE1, the second end of the capacitor C1, the negative electrode of the polar capacitor CE2, the second end of the capacitor C2 and the GND port of the step-down chip U5 are grounded.
The beneficial effect of this scheme is:
firstly, this scheme has changed the structure of hydrogen respiratory device through the innovation, has improved hydrogen production efficiency, has promoted the security of equipment simultaneously, and concrete analysis is as follows: through improving electrolytic device, fixed plate, anode plate subassembly, negative plate subassembly and catalytic layer pad, and all be provided with dispersion conductive mesh layer in catalytic layer pad both sides, mainly used switches on the electric current of letting in to each position of electrolysis cavity, improves hydrogen production efficiency, and secondly considers that the separation degree of difficulty of the gas-liquid after producing hydrogen is great, and this scheme is improved the problem of entrained liquid in the gas through setting up two-stage gas-liquid separator.
Secondly, this scheme considers that in order to prevent gas from escaping from the flowing back hole, be provided with the elastic briquetting in the bottom of float, wherein the elastic briquetting is hollow bag body structure, be provided with a plurality of air flue and air film inboard intercommunication in hollow bag body bottom, the float is under self gravity effect, make the arc butt joint groove of elastic briquetting and bellying butt joint back, the bellying upwards gets the reaction force extrusion hollow bag body bottom, arouse hollow bag body deformation, the gas of hollow bag body is pressed into the air film from the air flue in, form a round annular gasbag that is used for centre gripping sphere arch, the bellying is tightly supported after the annular gasbag is swelled, this kind of soft connection makes annular gasbag and bellying do not seal the butt joint and form certain clamping force, form airtight space in the arc butt joint groove, thereby strengthen the sealed effect of flowing back hole department, after the liquid in the gas-liquid separation room increases, the float receives the effect, the shape recovery of annular gasbag, gas gets into the hollow bag body through the air flue, along with further increase of liquid level, the float floats, liquid is discharged from flowing back hole.
Thirdly, this scheme has carried out reasonable optimization to control system, cooperation through eight modules, make this control system realize hydrogen breathing apparatus's automatic control, the intelligent degree of hydrogen breathing apparatus has been promoted, wherein power supply module is supplied power for the system through two-stage step-down unit, hydrogen manufacturing power supply control module passes through the control panel and sends control signal, cooperation through two MOS pipes causes the level upset, thereby control hydrogen manufacturing power supply's switch-on, water level switch module is arranged in detecting the water storage in the water tank and is less than the default, if be less than the default, then the system disconnection power, suggestion is supplied pure water source, can promote the steady operation degree of device, be provided with ball switch in the anti-toppling module, be used for detecting device's whether take place the slope, thereby when the slope in hydrogen breathing apparatus, control system outage, avoid the water that overflows to lead to the equipment short circuit, prevent the emergence of incident.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings that are used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described, it being obvious that the drawings in the description below are only some embodiments of the invention, and that other drawings can be obtained from these drawings without inventive effort for a person skilled in the art.
FIG. 1 is a schematic longitudinal section of an elastic press block in a gas-liquid separator before butt joint;
FIG. 2 is a schematic longitudinal section of the elastic press block in the gas-liquid separator after butt joint;
FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of an elastic press block in a gas-liquid separator according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an internal structural view of the gas-liquid separator of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a block diagram of a hydrogen breathing apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the water tank of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of an electrolyzer of the invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic block diagram of a control system of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a circuit diagram of a portion of the control board U2 of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a circuit diagram of a power module according to the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a circuit diagram of a flow acquisition module according to the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a circuit diagram of a hydrogen generation power control module in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a circuit diagram of a water pump control module according to the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a circuit diagram of a fan control module according to the present invention;
FIG. 15 is a circuit diagram of a water level switch module according to the present invention;
FIG. 16 is a circuit diagram of an anti-toppling module according to the present invention;
the marks in the figure: 1. the device comprises a base, 1-1, a bottom plate, 1-2, an outer shell, 2, a water tank, 3, an electrolysis device, 3-1, a catalytic layer pad, 3-2, a dispersed conductive net layer, 3-3, a silica gel pad, 3-4, an anode plate, 3-5, a fixed plate, 3-6, a cathode plate, 4, a fan, 5, a gas-liquid separator, 5-1, a bottom shell, 511, a liquid discharge hole, 513, a strip column, 514, a protruding part, 5-2, an upper cover, 521, an air inlet pipe, 5-3, a float, 531, an elastic pressing block, 532, an air film, 533, an air passage, 534, a hollow capsule, 6, a cover plate, 7, a water injection pipe, 8, a controller, 9, a water discharge pipe fixing frame, 10, a water pump, 101, a control panel, 102, an anti-toppling module, 103, a power supply module, 104, a fan control module, 105, a water pump control module, 106, a water level switch module, 107, a hydrogen production power control module, 108, a flow detection module, 109, an audio display module, 1001, an air inlet hole, 1002, an air outlet hole, 1003, and a water outlet hole.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical scheme and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention will be further described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Example 1
As shown in the figure, embodiment 1 of the present invention provides a gas-liquid separator, comprising a gas-liquid separation chamber surrounded by an upper cover 5-2 and a bottom shell 5-1, wherein a plurality of bar-shaped columns 513 are formed on the inner wall of the gas-liquid separation chamber along the height direction of the gas-liquid separation chamber, grooves with a depth of 1-5mm are formed between the two bar-shaped columns 513, the bar-shaped columns 513 prevent the side wall of the floater 5-3 from being completely attached to the side wall of the gas-liquid separation chamber, and the floater 5-3 is prevented from being stuck to the side wall of the gas-liquid separation chamber to influence the floater to float up and down. A drain hole 511 is formed at the bottom center of the bottom case 5-1, an intake pipe 521 and an exhaust pipe are provided on the upper cover 5-2, a capturing net for preventing liquid from being entrained in water is horizontally provided on the inner side of the upper cover, a lower outlet of the intake pipe is provided below the capturing net, and an inlet of the exhaust pipe is provided above the capturing net. The upper port of the drain hole 511 is a boss 514, a float 5-3 capable of floating up and down is arranged in the gas-liquid separation chamber, an elastic pressing block 531 is arranged at the center of the bottom of the float 5-3, the lower end surface of the elastic pressing block 531 is in sealing contact with the boss 514, a hollow capsule 534 is formed in the elastic pressing block 531, and the longitudinal section of the hollow capsule 534 along the central axis is elliptical. The design of this oval configuration allows more volume of gas to be compressed into the elastic gas membrane with limited deformation of the bottom of the hollow bladder 534. The central department at elastic briquetting 531 bottom upwards is sunken to be formed with the arc butt joint groove, is provided with air film 532 along circumference an organic whole in the arc butt joint groove, hollow balloon 534 bottom is provided with a plurality of air flue 533 and air film 532 inboard intercommunication, when elastic briquetting 531's arc butt joint groove with the back is docked of bellying 514, bellying 514 upwards extrudees hollow balloon 534, and in the air of hollow balloon 534 was extruded air inlet film 532, the annular gasbag that forms the round after the air film 532 swelled and is used for centre gripping bellying 514, and annular gasbag separates arc butt joint groove and outside into a confined space. In this embodiment, the structure of the protruding portion 514 may be a spherical surface or a truncated cone structure, and a plurality of arc supports are disposed around the outer side of the protruding portion 514, and a flow channel gap is formed between the arc supports, where the plurality of arc supports integrally enclose a ring structure. Can guarantee that float 5-3 subsides the bottom after, can not take place obvious slope to can avoid protruding portion 514 and elastic briquetting 531 dislocation butt joint, the not tight problem of seal that leads to. Due to the self weight of the floater 5-3, after the arc butt joint groove of the elastic pressing block 531 is in butt joint with the protruding part 514, the protruding part 514 presses the bottom of the hollow balloon 534 upwards by the reaction force, so that the hollow balloon 534 is deformed, the air of the hollow balloon 534 is pressed into the air inlet film 532 from the air channel 533 to form a circle of annular air bag for clamping the spherical protrusion, the protruding part 514 is tightly propped up after the annular air bag is swelled, a closed space is formed in the arc butt joint groove, and the sealing effect of the liquid discharge hole 511 is enhanced.
Example 2
The embodiment 2 of the invention provides a hydrogen breathing device, which comprises a base 1, a water tank 2 and a gas-liquid separator 5 in the embodiment 1, wherein the base 1 comprises a bottom plate 1-1 and an outer shell 1-2 arranged on the bottom plate 1-1, the water tank 2 is arranged above the inner part of the outer shell 1-2, a cover plate 6 is arranged above the water tank 2, the cover plate 6 is provided with two stages of gas-liquid separators 5 and water injection pipes 7, and an exhaust pipe of the front stage of gas-liquid separators 5 is communicated with an air inlet of the rear stage of gas-liquid separators 5; an electrolysis device 3 is fixedly arranged below the water tank 2; the electrolytic device 3 is sequentially provided with a fixed plate 3-5, an anode plate component, a catalytic layer pad 3-1, a cathode plate component and a fixed plate 3-5 from one side to the other side, an electrolytic cavity is formed between the two fixed plates 3-5, wherein the anode titanium plate component is provided with an anode plate 3-4 and a dispersed conductive mesh layer 3-2 from outside to inside, water inlets 1001 and water outlets 1002 are correspondingly formed in the fixed plate 3-5 and the anode plate 3-4 at the same side, the cathode titanium plate component is provided with a cathode plate 3-6 and a dispersed conductive mesh layer 3-2 from outside to inside, and the dispersed conductive mesh layer 3-2 is provided with a dispersed conductive mesh II and a dispersed conductive mesh I from inside to outside, and the mesh number of the dispersed conductive mesh I is smaller than that of the dispersed conductive mesh II; therefore, the dispersed conductive net II is a large-hole net, the dispersed conductive net II is a small-hole net, the dispersed conductive net II is more densely arranged relative to the conductive net wires of the dispersed conductive net I, and the dispersed conductive net layer is arranged in the inner ring of the silica gel pad and is positioned between the conductive polar plate and the catalytic layer pad 5-1. The second scattered conductive net and the first scattered conductive net are punched net electrodes. In the scheme, pure water decomposes oxygen and hydrogen protons at one side of the anode plate component, the hydrogen protons pass through the catalytic layer pad 3-1, namely the proton exchange membrane enters the novel proton/electron conductor catalytic layer, and the hydrogen protons separate out hydrogen at the side of the cathode plate component which is directly hydrogenated. Wherein the water inlet hole 1001 of the electrolysis device 3 is communicated with the water outlet hole at the bottom of the water tank 2 through a water pump 10, the water outlet hole 1002 of the electrolysis device 3 is communicated with the recovery port of the water tank 2 through a pipeline, and the air outlet hole 1003 of the electrolysis device 3 is communicated with the air inlet hole of the front-stage gas-liquid separator 5 through a pipeline; a fan 4 is arranged below the water tank 2 at the opening side of the outer shell 1-2 for cooling the electrolytic device 3, and a controller 8 for controlling the system operation is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the outer shell 1-2.
Example 3
In this scheme, the circuit control system of the controller 8 includes a control board 101, an anti-toppling module 102, a power supply module 103, a fan control module 104, a water pump control module 105, a water level switch module 106, a hydrogen production power supply control module 107, a flow detection module 108 and an audio display module 109; through the cooperation of eight modules for this control system has realized hydrogen breathing device's automatic control, has promoted hydrogen breathing device's intelligent degree.
The anti-toppling module 102 comprises a roller switch K1 arranged on a cover plate of the water tank 2, a signal output end of the anti-toppling module 102 is connected with the control board 101 through signals, the roller switch K1 is used for sensing signals of inclination of the whole device and sending the sensed signals to the control board 101, and the control board 101 controls a system to disconnect a circuit; in this scheme, the anti-toppling module 102 includes a capacitor C4, a resistor R23, and a roller switch K1, where a first end of the resistor R23 is connected to a first end of the capacitor C4, an anti-toppling detection port of the control board 101, and a first end of the roller switch K1, a second end of the resistor R23 is connected to a VCC power supply port, and a second end of the capacitor C4 and a second end of the roller switch K1 are grounded. Wherein the resistor R23 acts as a stable level.
The water level switch module 106 is used for detecting whether the water stored in the water tank 2 is lower than a preset value, if so, the system cuts off the power supply to prompt the supplement of the purified water source, the stable operation degree of the device can be improved, the water level switch module 106 comprises a float liquid level meter CN33, the float liquid level meter CN33 is arranged in the water tank 2, when the water level in the water tank 2 is lower than a set value, the float liquid level meter CN33 sends a detection signal to the control board 101, and the control board 101 sends a control instruction to cut off the circuit; the water level switch module 106 comprises a resistor R21 and a resistor R22, wherein a first end of the resistor R21 is respectively connected with the port 1 of the float level meter CN33 and a first end of the resistor R22, a second end of the resistor R21 is connected with a VCC power supply port, a second end of the resistor R22 is connected with a water tank water level detection port of the control board 101, and the port 2 of the float level meter CN33 is grounded.
The fan control module 104 is used for controlling the start and stop of the fan 4 according to the working instruction of the control panel 101; in the fan control module 104, a fan control port of the control board 101 is respectively connected with a first end of a resistor R54 and a gate of a MOS transistor M51 through a resistor R53, a drain of the MOS transistor M51 is connected with a port 2 of a fan CN52, a port 1 of the fan CN52 is connected with a 12V power supply port, and a second end of the resistor R54 and a source of the MOS transistor M51 are commonly grounded.
The water pump control module 105 is used for controlling the start and stop of the water pump 10 according to the working instruction of the control panel 101; in the water pump control module 105, a water pump control port of the control board 101 is respectively connected with a first end of a resistor R52 and a grid electrode of a MOS tube M52 through a resistor R51, a drain electrode of the MOS tube M52 is connected with a port 2 of a water pump CN51, a port 1 of the water pump CN51 is connected with a 9V power supply port, and a second end of the resistor R52 and a source electrode of the MOS tube M52 are commonly grounded.
The power supply module 103 supplies power to the system through the two-stage voltage reduction units, the power supply end of the power supply module 103 is connected with a 12V power supply, the voltage is reduced to 9V direct current power supply through the first voltage reduction unit, the power supply is supplied to the water pump 10, the voltage is reduced to 4.3V direct current power supply through the second voltage reduction unit, and the power supply is supplied to the audio display module 109.
In the first voltage reducing unit, a power supply port 2 is connected with the positive electrode of a polar capacitor CE61, a first end of a capacitor C61 and a Vin port of a voltage reducing chip U6 through a diode D2, a Vout port of the voltage reducing chip U6 is connected with the positive electrode of a polar capacitor CE62 and the first end of the capacitor C62, and a power supply port 1, the negative electrode of the polar capacitor CE61, a second end of the capacitor C61, a GND port of the voltage reducing chip U6, the negative electrode of the polar capacitor CE62 and a second end of the capacitor C62 are grounded; in the second step-down unit, a 9V power port is connected to the positive electrode of the polar capacitor CE1, the first end of the capacitor C1 and the Vin port of the step-down chip U5 through a diode D1, the step-down chip VOUT port is connected to the positive electrode of the polar capacitor CE2, the first end of the capacitor C2, the positive electrode of the diode D3 and the VCC port, the negative electrode of the diode D3 is connected to the 4.3V power port, and the negative electrode of the polar capacitor CE1, the second end of the capacitor C1, the negative electrode of the polar capacitor CE2, the second end of the capacitor C2 and the GND port of the step-down chip U5 are grounded.
The hydrogen production power supply control module 107 is used for controlling the opening or closing of a power supply circuit of the electrolysis device 3 according to the working instruction of the control board 101; the hydrogen production power supply control module 107 comprises a resistor R55, a resistor R56, a resistor R57, a MOS tube M53, a MOS tube M54 and a hydrogen production power supply CN35, wherein a power supply control port of the control board 101 is connected with a first end of the resistor R55, a second end of the resistor R55 is respectively connected with a grid electrode of the MOS tube M54 and a first end of the resistor R56, a drain electrode of the MOS tube M54 is respectively connected with the first end of the resistor R57 and a grid electrode of the MOS tube M53, a second end of the resistor R57 and a drain electrode of the MOS tube M53 are commonly connected with a VCC power supply port, a source electrode of the MOS tube M53 is connected with a port 1 of the hydrogen production power supply CN35, and a second end of the resistor R56, a source electrode of the MOS tube M54 and a port 2 of the hydrogen production power supply CN35 are commonly grounded. The hydrogen production power supply control module 107 sends a control signal through the control board 101, and causes level inversion through the cooperation of the two MOS tubes, so that the conduction of the hydrogen production power supply CN35 is controlled, when the G pole input of the M54 is high level, the M54 is conducted, the low level is output, the low level is connected to the G pole of the M53, so that the M53 is cut off, when the G pole input of the M54 is low level, the M54 is conducted, the high level is output, the G pole of the M53 is connected, so that the M53 is conducted, the hydrogen production power supply CN53 is conducted, namely, when the power supply control port inputs the high level, the hydrogen production power supply CN53 is disconnected and does not work, and when the power supply control port inputs the low level, the hydrogen production power supply CN53 is turned on to start working.
The flow detection module 108 is configured to detect a gas flow rate, amplify a detected gas flow rate signal, send the amplified signal to the control board 101 for operation, and send the processed signal to the audio display module 109 for display. The flow detection module 108 includes a flow collector CN41, a port 1 of the flow collector CN41 is connected to a first end of a resistor R44, a second end of the resistor R44 is connected to a first end of a capacitor C43 and a same-directional input end of an amplifier U4, a port 2 of the flow collector CN41 and a second end of the capacitor C43 are commonly grounded, a reverse input end of the amplifier U4 is connected to a first end of the resistor R42 and a first end of the resistor R43, a second end of the resistor R43 is grounded, a second end of the resistor R42 is connected to an output end of the amplifier U4 and a first end of the resistor R41, a second end of the resistor R41 is connected to a flow collection port of the control board 101 and the first end of the capacitor C42, and a second end of the capacitor C42 is grounded. The amplification of the output signal relative to the input signal is given by: amplification = loutput/input = 1+ R42/R43. The larger the R42/R43 ratio, the larger the magnification.
The present invention is not limited to the above-mentioned embodiments, but is intended to be limited to the following embodiments, and any modifications, equivalent changes and variations in the above-mentioned embodiments can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a gas-liquid separator, includes the gas-liquid separation room that upper cover (5-2) and drain pan (5-1) enclose, its characterized in that: the utility model discloses a novel air bag, including base shell (5-1), bottom, air-liquid separation room, be formed with a plurality of bar posts (513) on the inner wall of base shell along its direction of height, be formed with flowing back hole (511) in the bottom center department of base shell (5-1), the upper port of flowing back hole (511) is bellying (514), be provided with one float (5-3) that can float from top to bottom in the air-liquid separation room, bottom center department of float (5-3) is provided with elasticity briquetting (531), the lower terminal surface and bellying (514) sealing contact of elasticity briquetting (531), be formed with hollow balloon (534) in elasticity briquetting (531), be provided with arc butt joint groove in the central department undercut of elasticity briquetting (531) bottom, be provided with air film (532) along circumference in the arc butt joint inslot, hollow balloon (534) bottom is provided with a plurality of air flue (533) and air film (532) inboard intercommunication, after the arc butt joint groove of elasticity briquetting (531) with bellying (514) butt joint, bellying (534), the air film (532) is pressed upwards by the annular balloon (532), and is formed into a sealed annular air bag (532) after the annular balloon (532) and is separated the annular balloon (532) and is formed the annular air-inflated and is separated.
2. A gas-liquid separator as defined in claim 1, wherein: the hollow bladder (534) has an oval shape in longitudinal section along its central axis.
3. A hydrogen breathing apparatus, characterized in that: a gas-liquid separator comprising the device of claim 1 or claim 2.
4. A hydrogen breathing apparatus according to claim 3, wherein: the water tank (2) is arranged above the inside of the outer shell (1-2), a cover plate (6) is arranged above the water tank (2), a two-stage gas-liquid separator (5) and a water injection pipe (7) are arranged on the cover plate (6), and an exhaust pipe of the front-stage gas-liquid separator (5) is communicated with an air inlet of the rear-stage gas-liquid separator (5); an electrolysis device (3) is fixedly arranged below the water tank (2); wherein the water inlet hole (1001) of the electrolysis device (3) is communicated with the water outlet hole at the bottom of the water tank (2) through a water pump (10), the water outlet hole (1002) of the electrolysis device (3) is communicated with the recovery port of the water tank (2) through a pipeline, and the exhaust hole (1003) of the electrolysis device (3) is communicated with the air inlet hole of the gas-liquid separator (5) at the front stage through a pipeline; a fan (4) is arranged below the water tank (2) at the opening side of the outer shell (1-2) and used for cooling the electrolytic device (3), and a controller (8) used for controlling the system to operate is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the outer shell (1-2).
5. A hydrogen breathing apparatus according to claim 4, wherein: the circuit control system of the controller (8) comprises a control board (101), an anti-toppling module (102), a power supply module (103), a fan control module (104), a water pump control module (105), a water level switch module (106), a hydrogen production power supply control module (107), a flow detection module (108) and an audio display module (109); the anti-toppling module (102) comprises a roller switch K1 arranged on a cover plate of the water tank (2), a signal output end of the anti-toppling module (102) is connected with the control board (101) through signals, the roller switch K1 is used for sensing signals of inclination of the whole device and sending the sensed signals to the control board (101), and a control system of the control board (101) is used for disconnecting a circuit; the water level switch module (106) comprises a float liquid level meter CN33, the float liquid level meter CN33 is arranged in the water tank (2), when the water level in the water tank (2) is lower than a set value, the float liquid level meter CN33 sends a detection signal to the control board (101), and the control board (101) sends a control instruction to disconnect a circuit; the fan control module (104) is used for controlling the start and stop of the fan (4) according to the working instruction of the control panel (101); the water pump control module (105) is used for controlling the start and stop of the water pump (10) according to the working instruction of the control board (101); the power supply module (103) is connected with a 12V power supply, the voltage is reduced to 9V direct current power supply through the first voltage reduction unit, the water pump (10) is powered, the voltage is reduced to 4.3V direct current power supply through the second voltage reduction unit, and the audio display module (109) is powered; the hydrogen production power supply control module (107) is used for controlling the opening or closing of a power supply circuit of the electrolysis device (3) according to the working instruction of the control board (101); the flow detection module (108) is used for detecting the gas flow, amplifying the detected gas flow signal, sending the amplified signal to the control board (101) for operation, and sending the processed signal to the audio display module (109) for display broadcasting.
6. A hydrogen breathing apparatus according to claim 5, wherein: the anti-toppling module (102) comprises a capacitor C4, a resistor R23 and a roller switch K1, wherein the first end of the resistor R23 is respectively connected with the first end of the capacitor C4, an anti-toppling detection port of a control board (101) and the first end of the roller switch K1, the second end of the resistor R23 is connected with a VCC power port, and the second end of the capacitor C4 and the second end of the roller switch K1 are grounded.
7. A hydrogen breathing apparatus according to claim 5, wherein: the water level switch module (106) comprises a resistor R21 and a resistor R22, wherein a first end of the resistor R21 is connected with the port 1 of the float level meter CN33 and a first end of the resistor R22 respectively, a second end of the resistor R21 is connected with a VCC power supply port, a second end of the resistor R22 is connected with a water tank water level detection port of the control board (101), and a port 2 of the float level meter CN33 is grounded.
8. A hydrogen breathing apparatus according to claim 5, wherein: the flow detection module (108) comprises a flow collector CN41, a port 1 of the flow collector CN41 is connected with a first end of a resistor R44, a second end of the resistor R44 is respectively connected with a first end of a capacitor C43 and a homodromous input end of an amplifier U4, a port 2 of the flow collector CN41 and the second end of the capacitor C43 are commonly grounded, a reverse input end of the amplifier U4 is respectively connected with a first end of a resistor R42 and a first end of the resistor R43, a second end of the resistor R43 is grounded, a second end of the resistor R42 is connected with an output end of the amplifier U4 and a first end of the resistor R41, a second end of the resistor R41 is connected to a flow collection port of a control board (101) and the first end of the capacitor C42, and a second end of the capacitor C42 is grounded.
9. A hydrogen breathing apparatus according to claim 5, wherein: the hydrogen production power supply control module (107) comprises a resistor R55, a resistor R56, a resistor R57, a MOS tube M53, a MOS tube M54 and a hydrogen production power supply CN35, wherein a power supply control port of a control board (101) is connected with a first end of the resistor R55, a second end of the resistor R55 is respectively connected with a grid electrode of the MOS tube M54 and a first end of the resistor R56, a drain electrode of the MOS tube M54 is respectively connected with the first end of the resistor R57 and a grid electrode of the MOS tube M53, a second end of the resistor R57 and a drain electrode of the MOS tube M53 are commonly connected with a VCC power supply port, a source electrode of the MOS tube M53 is connected with a port 1 of the hydrogen production power supply CN35, and a second end of the R56, a source electrode of the MOS tube M54 and a port 2 of the hydrogen production power supply CN35 are commonly grounded.
10. A hydrogen breathing apparatus according to claim 5, wherein: the power supply module (103) comprises a first voltage reduction unit and a second voltage reduction unit; in the first voltage reducing unit, a power supply port 2 is connected with the positive electrode of a polar capacitor CE61, a first end of a capacitor C61 and a Vin port of a voltage reducing chip U6 through a diode D2, a Vout port of the voltage reducing chip U6 is connected with the positive electrode of a polar capacitor CE62 and the first end of the capacitor C62, and a power supply port 1, a negative electrode of the polar capacitor CE61, a second end of the capacitor C61, a GND port of the voltage reducing chip U6, a negative electrode of the polar capacitor CE62 and a second end of the capacitor C62 are grounded; in the second step-down unit, a 9V power port is connected to the positive electrode of the polar capacitor CE1, the first end of the capacitor C1 and the Vin port of the step-down chip U5 through the diode D1, the Vout port of the step-down chip U5 is connected to the positive electrode of the polar capacitor CE2, the first end of the capacitor C2, the positive electrode of the diode D3 and the VCC port, the negative electrode of the diode D3 is connected to the 4.3V power port, and the negative electrode of the polar capacitor CE1, the second end of the capacitor C1, the negative electrode of the polar capacitor CE2, the second end of the capacitor C2 and the GND port of the step-down chip U5 are grounded.
CN201910636367.5A 2019-07-15 2019-07-15 Gas-liquid separator and hydrogen breathing device Active CN110279922B (en)

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