CN110253276A - A kind of accurate method installed on mechanical anemoscope to wind-power electricity generation anemometer tower - Google Patents

A kind of accurate method installed on mechanical anemoscope to wind-power electricity generation anemometer tower Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110253276A
CN110253276A CN201910387350.0A CN201910387350A CN110253276A CN 110253276 A CN110253276 A CN 110253276A CN 201910387350 A CN201910387350 A CN 201910387350A CN 110253276 A CN110253276 A CN 110253276A
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China
Prior art keywords
anemoscope
point
wind
bracket
tooling
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CN201910387350.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110253276B (en
Inventor
石宇峰
邹荔兵
魏煜锋
邓顺城
刘坤
谢春秋
卓锡鑫
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明阳智慧能源集团股份公司
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Priority to CN201910387350.0A priority Critical patent/CN110253276B/en
Publication of CN110253276A publication Critical patent/CN110253276A/en
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Publication of CN110253276B publication Critical patent/CN110253276B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23POTHER WORKING OF METAL; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/10Aligning parts to be fitted together

Abstract

Method on mechanical anemoscope to wind-power electricity generation anemometer tower is accurately installed the invention discloses one kind, this method is that the angle value exported by anemoscope originates at 0 point to adjust the N point mark of anemoscope, the N point of anemoscope is set to indicate the center of entirely accurate aligned perpendicular bracket, that is the extended line of N point is directed toward horizontal bracket, wherein, a tooling need to be made, the lower half portion of entire tooling is combined type module, combined type module is made of symmetrical two parts, the two parts may be combined to form a hollow channel, the size of hollow channel is consistent with horizontal bracket diameter, the top half of entire tooling is made of symmetrical two pieces of risers, two pieces of risers are separately fixed on left and right two parts of combined type module, gap between two pieces of risers is consistent with the crossbeam diameter of anemoscope, between two pieces of risers can by bolt and Nut is attached, to realize being locked for entire tooling.The method of the present invention science is reliable, can greatly improve the accuracy of installation.

Description

A kind of accurate method installed on mechanical anemoscope to wind-power electricity generation anemometer tower

Technical field

The present invention relates to the technical field of wind-power electricity generation anemometer tower, refer in particular to a kind of mechanical anemoscope is accurately installed arrive Method on wind-power electricity generation anemometer tower.

Background technique

Wind power generation field requires accurate measurement wind direction, to count the prevailing wind direction of this area or for the wind direction during testing Measurement, wind direction is defined as follows in wind-powered electricity generation industry, and 0 degree represents positive north wind, and 90 degree represent positive east wind, and 180 degree represents positive south wind, and 270 Degree represents positive west wind, and so on.

Anemoscope is the sensor for measuring wind direction, is broadly divided into mechanical and ultrasonic type, the work of mechanical anemoscope Principle is that wind first blows over the head of anemoscope, then blows to tail swing again, and tail swing drives vertical axis to rotate under the action of the forces of the wind, Corresponding 0-360 degree is enclosed in vertical axis rotation one, and when generally rotating clockwise, angle increases, and has a N point mark on the pedestal of anemoscope Show and originates 0 point, when the head alignment N point of anemoscope indicates, corresponding 0 degree of output.But when the head of anemoscope is directed at N point mark 0 degree indicated when showing is not really to need to consider carrying out to Beijiao degree and to output valve for N point mark direction to Beijiao degree Amendment is only really to Beijiao degree, for example, N point mark is directed toward 45 degree i.e. northeastward, anemoscope and exists when anemoscope installation When operation, output valve is shown when being 90 degree, and true wind direction should be 135 degree i.e. southeaster at this time.Therefore, the direction of N point mark Seem extremely important.

The common practice in industry is when installing anemoscope, to detect by an unaided eye and adjust at present, rotates anemoscope Pedestal, N point mark is directed approximately toward the center of vertical support frame, i.e. direction horizontal bracket, then fastens anemoscope and bracket Bolt, the bracket with anemoscope lift and is installed to anemometer tower high-altitude, people station is in ground compass observation bracket To Beijiao degree, amendment anemoscope output angle angle value then is gone with the angle, obtains the true to Beijiao degree of anemoscope.This method Principle is to the Northern Dynasties by bracket to going to infer the direction that N point indicates, so that the true to Beijiao degree of anemoscope is corrected, because This, in above-mentioned way, whether N point mark is targeted by horizontal bracket completely, and it is very important.

The above-mentioned N point mark for detecting by an unaided eye and adjusting anemoscope, the method for making it be directed approximately toward the center of bracket do not have There are data and method support, judge entirely with individual, certainly exist large error, the few then 3-5 degree of error is more, is likely to be breached 10 Degree.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of the present invention is to overcome the shortcomings of the existing technology and deficiency, proposes a kind of reliable accurate installation of science Method on mechanical anemoscope to wind-power electricity generation anemometer tower.

To achieve the above object, technical solution provided by the present invention are as follows: one kind accurately installs mechanical anemoscope to wind The method that power generates electricity on anemometer tower, firstly, a tooling need to be made, the lower half portion of entire tooling is combined type module, the group Box-like module is made of symmetrical two parts, which, which can combine, is formed with a hollow channel, the hollow channel Size is consistent with the installation horizontal bracket diameter of anemoscope, and the top half of entire tooling is by symmetrical two pieces of riser groups At two pieces of risers are separately fixed on left and right two parts of combined type module, the gap and anemoscope between two pieces of risers Crossbeam diameter is consistent, and can be attached by screw bolt and nut between two pieces of risers, to realize the locking of entire tooling It is fixed;

The method of the accurate mechanical anemoscope of installation is the N that anemoscope is adjusted by the angle value of anemoscope output Point mark i.e. 0 point of starting, makes the N point of anemoscope indicate the center of entirely accurate aligned perpendicular bracket, i.e. the extended line of N point refers to To horizontal bracket, specific practice is as follows:

Anemoscope is placed on vertical support frame, anemoscope cable is extracted from vertical support frame, accesses collector, collector The angle value of anemoscope output can be read in real time, and the pedestal of adjustment and rotation anemoscope indicates the N point on pedestal and is directed toward Horizontal bracket rotates the tail swing of anemoscope, so that tail swing is directed toward horizontal bracket, is then inserted in above-mentioned tooling by its hollow channel Horizontal bracket, and it is inserted in the crossbeam of anemoscope just between two pieces of risers of tooling, at this point, the crossbeam and tail swing of anemoscope are Perfectly aligned horizontal bracket, then two pieces of risers are fastened with screw bolt and nut;

When due to installing just now, the N point mark of anemoscope is to be directed approximately toward horizontal bracket, and the tail swing of anemoscope is also It is directed approximately toward horizontal bracket, then the opposite direction of N point mark is directed toward on the head of anemoscope, and therefore, the anemoscope that collector is shown is read Number should be 170-190 degree, but not be accurate 180 degree, then, rotate clockwise or counterclockwise the pedestal of anemoscope, when adopting When the anemoscope reading that storage is shown is 180 degree, show that the N point mark of anemoscope is directed at and has been directed toward completely horizontal bracket, this When, the bolt between the pedestal of anemoscope and vertical support frame is fastened, tooling is then removed, the tail swing of anemoscope is enable freely to put It is dynamic;

The entire bracket for installing anemoscope is lifted and is installed on anemometer tower, with pair of compass observation vertical support frame Then Beijiao degree X1 removes amendment anemoscope output angle angle value X2 with angle X1, the true to Beijiao degree of anemoscope can be obtained, That is wind direction, true wind direction at this time should be X1+X2+180 °.

Further, the anemoscope is made of head, crossbeam, tail swing, vertical rotating shaft and the pedestal indicated with N point, The head is mounted on one end of crossbeam, and is fixed on vertical rotating shaft, rotates with vertical rotating shaft, and the tail swing is mounted on The other end of crossbeam, the vertical rotating shaft are vertically installed on pedestal, can be rotated freely on pedestal, and the pedestal passes through Bolt is mounted on vertical support frame, and the vertical support frame and horizontal bracket weld together group and become the mounting bracket of anemoscope;

During the work time, wind first blows to head to anemoscope, then blows to tail swing, and tail swing under the action of the wind, drives vertical Rotary shaft rotation, vertical rotating shaft rotate a circle, the corresponding output 0-360 degree of anemoscope, when head alignment N point mark, wind direction Instrument output is 0 degree, when tail swing rotates clockwise, and anemoscope output angle increases.

Compared with prior art, the present invention have the following advantages that with the utility model has the advantages that

1, the characteristics of making full use of the tail swing of anemoscope to rotate i.e. changeable reading, first passes through tail swing of the tooling by anemoscope Alignment object of reference, that is, horizontal bracket completely, the pedestal for being rotated further by anemoscope make N point mark alignment horizontal bracket completely.

2, when installing, anemoscope output angle is read with collector, the method instead of estimating before substantially increases installation Accuracy.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is the tooling schematic diagram before combination.

Fig. 2 is the tooling perspective view after combination.

Fig. 3 is the tooling main view after combination.

Fig. 4 is anemoscope partial enlarged view.

Fig. 5 is that anemoscope runs top view.

Fig. 6 is tooling application effect figure.

Specific embodiment

The present invention is further explained in the light of specific embodiments.

As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, mechanical anemoscope is by head 1, crossbeam 2, tail swing 3, vertical rotating shaft 4, fastening bolt 7 It is formed with the pedestal 5 with N point mark 6, head 1 is mounted on one end of crossbeam 2, and is fixed on vertical rotating shaft 4, can be with vertical Direct rotary shaft 4 rotates, and tail swing 3 is mounted on the other end of crossbeam 2, and vertical rotating shaft 4 is vertically installed on pedestal 5, can be in pedestal 5 On rotate freely, pedestal 5 is mounted on vertical support frame 8 by bolt 7, and vertical support frame 8 and horizontal bracket 9 weld together composition For the mounting bracket of anemoscope.

During the work time, wind first blows to head 1 to anemoscope, then blows to tail swing 3, and tail swing 3 under the action of the wind, drives and hangs down Direct rotary shaft 4 rotates, and vertical rotating shaft 4 rotates a circle, the corresponding output 0-360 degree of anemoscope, when head 1 is aligned N point mark 6 When, anemoscope output is 0 degree, when tail swing 3 rotates clockwise, and anemoscope output angle increases.

Method on mechanical anemoscope to wind-power electricity generation anemometer tower is accurately installed, firstly, needing provided by the present embodiment A tooling is made, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, the lower half portion of entire tooling is combined type module, and the combined type module is by left and right Symmetrical two parts 12,13 form, which, which can combine, is formed with a hollow channel 18, aperture D, are equal to water The top half of the diameter of flat bracket 9, entire tooling is made of symmetrical two pieces of risers 14,15, two pieces of risers 14,15 It is separately fixed on left and right two parts 12,13 of combined type module, the cross of gap d and anemoscope between two pieces of risers 14,15 2 diameter of beam is consistent, and can be attached by bolt 16 and nut 17 between two pieces of risers 14,15, to realize entire work Dress is locked.

This method is that the angle value exported by anemoscope originates at 0 point to adjust the N point mark 6 of anemoscope, makes wind direction The N point of instrument indicates the center of 6 entirely accurate aligned perpendicular brackets 8, i.e. the extended line of N point is directed toward horizontal bracket 9, specific practice It is as follows:

Anemoscope is placed on vertical support frame 8, the cable 10 of anemoscope is extracted from vertical support frame 8, accesses collector 11, collector 11 can read the angle value of anemoscope output in real time, and the pedestal 5 of adjustment and rotation anemoscope makes on pedestal 5 N point mark 6 be directed toward horizontal brackets 9, rotate the tail swing 3 of anemoscope, make tail swing 3 be directed toward horizontal bracket 9, then by above-mentioned tooling Be inserted in horizontal bracket 9 by its hollow channel 18, and make the crossbeam 2 of anemoscope be just inserted in tooling two pieces of risers 14,15 it Between, at this point, the crossbeam 2 and tail swing 3 of anemoscope are perfectly aligned horizontal brackets 9, then with bolt 16 and the fastening of nut 17 two Block riser 14,15, realizes being locked for tooling, as shown in Figure 6.

When due to installing just now, the N point mark 6 of anemoscope is to be directed approximately toward horizontal bracket 9, the tail swing 3 of anemoscope And being directed approximately toward horizontal bracket 9, then the opposite direction of N point mark 6, therefore, what collector 11 was shown are directed toward in the head 1 of anemoscope Anemoscope reading should be 170-190 degree, but not be accurate 180 degree, then, rotate clockwise or counterclockwise the bottom of anemoscope Seat 5 shows the alignment completely of N point mark 6 of anemoscope and is directed toward when the anemoscope reading that collector 11 is shown is 180 degree Horizontal bracket 9, at this point, the bolt 7 between the pedestal 5 and vertical support frame 8 of fastening anemoscope, then removes tooling, make anemoscope Tail swing 3 can freely swing.

The entire bracket for installing anemoscope is lifted and is installed on anemometer tower, with compass observation vertical support frame 8 To Beijiao degree X1, amendment anemoscope output angle angle value X2 then is removed with angle X1, the true to Beijiao of anemoscope can be obtained Degree, i.e., wind direction, true wind direction at this time should be X1+X2+180 °.

Embodiment described above is only the preferred embodiments of the invention, and but not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, therefore All shapes according to the present invention change made by principle, should all be included within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. one kind accurately installs the method on mechanical anemoscope to wind-power electricity generation anemometer tower, it is characterised in that: firstly, needing to make The lower half portion of one tooling, entire tooling is combined type module, which is made of symmetrical two parts, should Two parts, which can combine, is formed with a hollow channel, the size of the hollow channel and the horizontal bracket diameter one of installation anemoscope It causes, the top half of entire tooling is made of symmetrical two pieces of risers, which is separately fixed at combined type module Left and right two parts on, the gap between two pieces of risers is consistent with the crossbeam diameter of anemoscope, and can lead between two pieces of risers It crosses screw bolt and nut to be attached, to realize being locked for entire tooling;
The method of the accurate mechanical anemoscope of installation is the N point mark that anemoscope is adjusted by the angle value of anemoscope output Show and originate at 0 point, so that the N point of anemoscope is indicated the center of entirely accurate aligned perpendicular bracket, i.e. the extended line of N point is directed toward water Flat bracket, specific practice are as follows:
Anemoscope is placed on vertical support frame, the cable of anemoscope is extracted from vertical support frame, accesses collector, collector energy Enough angle values for reading anemoscope output in real time, the pedestal of adjustment and rotation anemoscope indicate the N point on pedestal and are directed toward water Flat bracket rotates the tail swing of anemoscope, so that tail swing is directed toward horizontal bracket, above-mentioned tooling is then inserted in water by its hollow channel Flat bracket, and it is inserted in the crossbeam of anemoscope just between two pieces of risers of tooling, at this point, the crossbeam and tail swing of anemoscope have been Full alignment horizontal bracket, then two pieces of risers are fastened with screw bolt and nut;
When due to installing just now, the N point mark of anemoscope is to be directed approximately toward horizontal bracket, and the tail swing of anemoscope is also approximate It is directed toward horizontal bracket, then the opposite direction of N point mark is directed toward on the head of anemoscope, and therefore, the anemoscope reading that collector is shown is answered This is 170-190 degree, but is not accurate 180 degree, then, rotates clockwise or counterclockwise the pedestal of anemoscope, works as collector When the anemoscope reading of display is 180 degree, show that the N point mark of anemoscope is directed at and has been directed toward completely horizontal bracket, at this point, tightly Gu the bolt between the pedestal and vertical support frame of anemoscope, then removes tooling, the tail swing of anemoscope is enable to freely swing;
The entire bracket for installing anemoscope is lifted and is installed on anemometer tower, with compass observation vertical support frame to Beijiao X1 is spent, then amendment anemoscope output angle angle value X2 is removed with angle X1, the true to Beijiao degree, i.e. wind of anemoscope can be obtained To true wind direction at this time should be X1+X2+180 °.
2. one kind according to claim 1 accurately installs the method on mechanical anemoscope to wind-power electricity generation anemometer tower, Be characterized in that: the anemoscope is made of head, crossbeam, tail swing, vertical rotating shaft and the pedestal indicated with N point, the head Portion is mounted on one end of crossbeam, and is fixed on vertical rotating shaft, rotates with vertical rotating shaft, and the tail swing is mounted on crossbeam The other end, the vertical rotating shaft are vertically installed on pedestal, can be rotated freely on pedestal, and the pedestal is pacified by bolt On vertical support frame, the vertical support frame and horizontal bracket weld together group and become the mounting bracket of anemoscope;
During the work time, wind first blows to head to anemoscope, then blows to tail swing, and tail swing under the action of the wind, drives vertical rotary Axis rotation, vertical rotating shaft rotate a circle, and the corresponding output 0-360 degree of anemoscope, when head alignment N point mark, anemoscope is defeated It is out 0 degree, when tail swing rotates clockwise, anemoscope output angle increases.
CN201910387350.0A 2019-05-10 2019-05-10 Method for accurately mounting mechanical anemoscope on wind power generation anemometer tower CN110253276B (en)

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CN110253276B CN110253276B (en) 2020-08-04

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4080866A (en) * 1976-09-28 1978-03-28 Milo Rockwood Toof Ligature means and a method of securing a reed in a wind instrument
CN203156329U (en) * 2013-03-15 2013-08-28 东方电气集团东方汽轮机有限公司 Wind indicator centering device of wind generating set
CN105114258A (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-12-02 东方电气风电有限公司 Installing and aligning method and device for anemorumbometer of wind driven generator
CN205237496U (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-18 中广核风电有限公司 Wind turbine generator system wind vane alignment device
CN208005137U (en) * 2018-01-24 2018-10-26 明阳智慧能源集团股份公司 It is a kind of for large-scale half direct-drive unit anemoscope to zero device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4080866A (en) * 1976-09-28 1978-03-28 Milo Rockwood Toof Ligature means and a method of securing a reed in a wind instrument
CN203156329U (en) * 2013-03-15 2013-08-28 东方电气集团东方汽轮机有限公司 Wind indicator centering device of wind generating set
CN105114258A (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-12-02 东方电气风电有限公司 Installing and aligning method and device for anemorumbometer of wind driven generator
CN205237496U (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-18 中广核风电有限公司 Wind turbine generator system wind vane alignment device
CN208005137U (en) * 2018-01-24 2018-10-26 明阳智慧能源集团股份公司 It is a kind of for large-scale half direct-drive unit anemoscope to zero device

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