CN110202681B - Brick making machine based on comprehensive utilization of tailings - Google Patents

Brick making machine based on comprehensive utilization of tailings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110202681B
CN110202681B CN201910523210.1A CN201910523210A CN110202681B CN 110202681 B CN110202681 B CN 110202681B CN 201910523210 A CN201910523210 A CN 201910523210A CN 110202681 B CN110202681 B CN 110202681B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity
worm
shaft
transmission
brick making
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Application number
CN201910523210.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110202681A (en
Inventor
徐盈
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Liaoning Jiahe Pengcheng Powder Technology Co., Ltd
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Liaoning Jiahe Pengcheng Powder Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910523210.1A priority Critical patent/CN110202681B/en
Publication of CN110202681A publication Critical patent/CN110202681A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • B02C18/142Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers with two or more inter-engaging rotatable cutter assemblies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/29Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by profiling or strickling the material in open moulds or on moulding surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B15/00General arrangement or layout of plant Industrial outlines, plant installations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • B28B17/02Conditioning the material prior to shaping
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B3/00Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor
    • B28B3/02Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor wherein a ram exerts pressure on the material in a moulding space; Ram heads of special form
    • B28B3/021Ram heads of special form
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B3/00Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor
    • B28B3/02Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor wherein a ram exerts pressure on the material in a moulding space; Ram heads of special form
    • B28B3/04Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor wherein a ram exerts pressure on the material in a moulding space; Ram heads of special form with one ram per mould

Abstract

The invention discloses a brick making machine based on comprehensive utilization of tailings, which comprises a main machine body, wherein a material conveying cavity is formed in the main machine body, a crushing mechanism which can decompose the tailings into fine particles is arranged in the conveying cavity, a screening cavity is arranged at the lower side of the conveying cavity, a primary screening mechanism is arranged in the screening cavity, the primary screening mechanism can carry out spiral screening on the tailing particles crushed by the crushing mechanism, further, some element ores still contained in the tailings can be primarily separated, the invention can effectively and comprehensively utilize the discarded tailings in mineral mining, greatly save the waste of resource minerals, after the tailings are screened and separated from the element ores, the waste can be utilized, the originally abandoned slime is used for manufacturing bricks, and the bricks output by the device only need to be dried and fired, so that the manufacturing time and the labor cost are greatly reduced.

Description

Brick making machine based on comprehensive utilization of tailings
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of tailing utilization, in particular to a brick making machine based on comprehensive utilization of tailings.
Background
Natural resources are essential material basis for human survival development, waste of energy and resources must be effectively controlled, waste resources can be utilized more comprehensively, and the aims of energy conservation, emission reduction and environmental protection are finally achieved;
as a resource which is often wasted in mining mineral resources, it is necessary to utilize waste to reduce the waste of resources.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a brick making machine based on comprehensive utilization of tailings, which is used for overcoming the defects in the prior art.
According to the embodiment of the invention, the brick making machine based on comprehensive utilization of tailings comprises a main machine body, wherein a material conveying cavity is formed in the main machine body, a crushing mechanism capable of decomposing tailings into fine particles is arranged in the material conveying cavity, a screening cavity is formed in the lower side of the material conveying cavity, a primary screening mechanism is arranged in the screening cavity, the primary screening mechanism can be used for carrying out spiral screening on the tailings particles crushed by the crushing mechanism so as to primarily separate some element ores still contained in the tailings, a vibration cavity is formed in the right position of the lower side of the screening cavity, a vibration mechanism is arranged in the vibration cavity, the vibration mechanism can be used for carrying out secondary screening on the tailings screened and filtered by the primary screening mechanism, mud and the element ores are more finely separated through a vibration mode, a filter cavity is formed in the lower side of the vibration cavity, and the filter cavity is communicated with the vibration cavity, the utility model discloses a screening separation's tailing slime, including filter chamber, brickmaking mechanism, drive mechanism can simultaneous control the vibration mechanism with the brickmaking mechanism links together, the brickmaking chamber has been seted up to the downside of filter chamber, the brickmaking chamber with the filter chamber intercommunication sets up, be equipped with brickmaking mechanism in the brickmaking chamber, the brickmaking mechanism can become the fragment of brick to the tailing slime shaping after the screening separation, the rear side in vibration chamber is opened and is equipped with the transmission chamber, be equipped with drive mechanism in.
The further technical proposal is that the crushing mechanism comprises two groups of crushing rods, the two groups of crushing rods are symmetrically arranged in the front and back direction and are rotatably arranged between the left inner wall and the right inner wall of the material conveying cavity, four groups of crushing knives which are uniformly distributed are fixedly arranged on the peripheries of the two groups of crushing rods, a square cavity is arranged at the left side of the material conveying cavity, a crushing shaft is fixedly arranged on the left side surface of the two groups of crushing rods, the left extending part of the crushing shaft penetrates through the left inner wall of the material conveying cavity and extends into the square cavity, gears are fixedly arranged on the peripheries of the two groups of crushing rods in the square cavity, the two groups of gears are meshed, a first bevel gear is fixedly arranged on the left side surface of the crushing shaft at the front side, a power cavity is arranged at the lower side of the square cavity, a long shaft is rotatably arranged in the inner wall between the square cavity and the power cavity, the long shaft extends up and down, and the upward, and a second bevel gear is fixedly arranged on the upper side surface of the first bevel gear, and the second bevel gear is meshed with the first bevel gear.
Further technical scheme, major axis downwardly extending part stretches into the power intracavity, the major axis is located third bevel gear and first belt pulley have set firmly in the periphery in power chamber, third bevel gear is located first belt pulley upside, the screening chamber with it is equipped with the rotation axis to rotate in the inner wall between the power chamber, the rotation axis extends the setting from top to bottom, rotation axis downwardly extending part stretches into the power intracavity, and its downside has set firmly the second belt pulley, the second belt pulley with install first belt between the first belt pulley, the solid motor that has inlayed in the downside inner wall in power chamber, major axis downwardly extending part runs through the downside inner wall in power chamber with motor power connects.
Further technical scheme, first screening mechanism includes the spiral chute, the spiral chute rotates and sets up on the bottom surface in screening chamber, the spiral chute with defeated material chamber intercommunication sets up, the transport chamber has been seted up to the downside in screening chamber, carry the chamber with the spiral chute intercommunication sets up, the rotation axis upwards extends the part and runs through carry the chamber, and stretch into the screening intracavity, the rotation axis with spiral chute screw-thread fit connects, the roof intussuseption in screening chamber has the hose, the hose downside with the spiral chute intercommunication sets up, the upside and the external water source intercommunication of hose set up.
Further technical scheme, vibration mechanism includes first shale shaker, first shale shaker slides and sets up on the diapire of vibration chamber, the right flank of first shale shaker with install the spring between the right side wall of vibration chamber, the support has set firmly on the top surface of first shale shaker, it is equipped with thin axle to rotate on the rear side wall of vibration chamber, the swing arm has set firmly on the periphery of thin axle, the swing arm with the support butt, the second shale shaker has set firmly on the roof of filter chamber.
According to the technical scheme, a first transmission shaft and a first driven wheel are arranged on the rear wall of the brick making cavity in a rotating mode, a first transmission wheel is fixedly arranged on the periphery of the first transmission shaft, a water filtering screen belt is installed between the first transmission wheel and the first driven wheel, and a water storage cavity is formed in the lower side of the brick making cavity close to the left.
In a further technical scheme, the brick making mechanism comprises a scraper fixedly arranged on the top wall of the brick making cavity, a belt cavity is formed in the lower side of the brick making cavity close to the right, the belt cavity is communicated with the brick making cavity, a second transmission shaft and a second driven wheel are arranged on the rear wall of the belt cavity in a rotating mode, a second transmission wheel is fixedly arranged on the periphery of the second transmission shaft, a second belt is arranged between the second transmission wheel and the second driven wheel, a mold can be manually placed on the top surface of the second belt, a rectangular cavity is formed in the upper side of the brick making cavity, a pressure column is arranged in the inner wall between the rectangular cavity and the brick making cavity in a sliding mode and extends up and down, the downward extending part of the pressure column extends into the brick making cavity, the bottom side surface of the pressure column is located on the upper side of the mold, the upward extending part of the pressure column extends into the rectangular cavity, the brick making machine is characterized in that a short shaft is rotatably arranged on the rear side of the rectangular cavity, a rotary table is fixedly arranged on the front side face of the short shaft, a connecting rod is hinged to the front side face of the rotary table, the connecting rod is hinged to the compression columns, and the right side of the brick making cavity is communicated with the outside.
The technical scheme is that the transmission mechanism comprises a first worm, the first worm is rotatably arranged between the inner walls of two sides of the transmission cavity, a driven shaft is rotatably arranged in the inner wall between the transmission cavity and the power cavity and extends forwards and backwards, the forward extending part of the driven shaft extends into the power cavity, the front side surface of the driven shaft is fixedly provided with a fourth bevel gear which is meshed with a third bevel gear, the backward extending part of the driven shaft extends into the transmission cavity, the rear side surface of the driven shaft is fixedly provided with a first worm gear which is meshed with the first worm, the backward extending part of the thin shaft penetrates through the rear wall of the vibration cavity and extends into the transmission cavity, the rear side surface of the thin shaft is fixedly provided with a second worm gear which is meshed with the first worm, and the backward extending part of the short shaft penetrates through the rear side wall of the rectangular cavity, and the third worm wheel is fixedly arranged on the rear side surface of the transmission cavity and meshed with the first worm.
In a further technical scheme, a fifth bevel gear is fixedly arranged on the periphery of the first worm, the fifth bevel gear is positioned between the short shaft and the thin shaft, a worm gear cavity is formed in the lower side of the transmission cavity, the worm gear cavity is communicated with the transmission cavity, a second worm is rotatably arranged on the bottom wall of the worm gear cavity, an upward extending part of the second worm extends into the transmission cavity, a sixth bevel gear is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the second worm, the sixth bevel gear is meshed with the fifth bevel gear, a backward extending part of the first transmission shaft penetrates through the rear wall of the brick making cavity and extends into the worm gear cavity, a fourth worm gear is fixedly arranged on the rear side surface of the first worm, the fourth worm gear is meshed with the second worm, a backward extending part of the second transmission shaft penetrates through the rear wall of the belt cavity and extends into the worm gear cavity, and a fifth worm gear is fixedly arranged on the rear side surface of the second worm, the fifth worm wheel is meshed with the second worm.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention can effectively and comprehensively utilize the waste tailings in mineral mining, greatly save the waste of resource minerals, and can utilize waste materials after the tailings are screened and separated from element ores, the originally-discarded slime is used for manufacturing bricks, the bricks output by the device only need to be dried and fired, thereby greatly reducing the manufacturing time and labor cost.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the internal overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of a portion of A of FIG. 1 according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a partial schematic view of the transmission chamber of the present invention;
fig. 4 is an enlarged view of a part of the structure of the crushing mechanism in the present invention.
Detailed Description
The invention will now be described in detail with reference to fig. 1-4, for convenience of description, the following orientations will now be defined: the up, down, left, right, and front-back directions described below correspond to the up, down, left, right, and front-back directions in the projection relationship of fig. 1 itself.
Referring to fig. 1-4, according to the embodiment of the invention, a brick making machine based on comprehensive utilization of tailings comprises a main machine body 20, a conveying cavity 11 is formed in the main machine body 20, a crushing mechanism 101 capable of decomposing tailings into fine particles is arranged in the conveying cavity 11, a screening cavity 32 is formed in the lower side of the conveying cavity 11, a primary screening mechanism 102 is arranged in the screening cavity 32, the primary screening mechanism 102 can perform spiral screening on tailings particles crushed by the crushing mechanism 101, so as to primarily separate some element ores still contained in the tailings, a vibration cavity 37 is formed in the right position of the lower side of the screening cavity 32, a vibration mechanism 103 is arranged in the vibration cavity 37, the vibration mechanism 103 can perform secondary screening on the tailings filtered by the primary screening mechanism 102, and more finely separate slurry and the element ores through a vibration mode, the filter chamber 42 has been seted up to the downside in vibration chamber 37, filter chamber 42 with vibration chamber 37 intercommunication sets up, brickmaking chamber 49 has been seted up to the downside of filter chamber 42, brickmaking chamber 49 with filter chamber 42 intercommunication sets up, be equipped with brickmaking mechanism 104 in the brickmaking chamber 49, brickmaking mechanism 104 can become the fragment of brick to the tailing slime shaping after the screening separation, the rear side of vibration chamber 37 is opened and is equipped with transmission chamber 60, be equipped with drive mechanism 105 in the transmission chamber 60, drive mechanism 105 can simultaneous control vibration mechanism 103 with brickmaking mechanism 104 links together.
In addition, in one embodiment, the crushing mechanism 101 includes two sets of crushing rods 13, two sets of the crushing rods 13 are symmetrically arranged in front and back, and are rotatably arranged between the left and right inner walls of the material conveying cavity 11, four sets of crushing knives 14 uniformly arranged are fixedly arranged on the peripheries of the two sets of the crushing rods 13, a square cavity 17 is formed at the left side of the material conveying cavity 11, a crushing shaft 16 is fixedly arranged on the left side surface of each of the two sets of the crushing rods 13, the leftward extending part of the crushing shaft 16 penetrates through the left inner wall of the material conveying cavity 11 and extends into the square cavity 17, gears 15 are fixedly arranged on the peripheries of the square cavity 17, the two sets of the gears 15 are meshed, a first bevel gear 18 is fixedly arranged on the left side surface of the crushing shaft 16 at the front side, a power cavity 22 is formed at the lower side of the square cavity 17, a long shaft 21 is rotatably arranged in the inner wall between the square cavity 17 and the power cavity 22, the long shaft 21 extends up and down, the upward extending part of the long shaft 21 extends into the square cavity 17, a second bevel gear 19 is fixedly arranged on the upper side surface of the long shaft, the second bevel gear 19 is meshed with the first bevel gear 18, the two groups of crushing shafts 16 can rotate mutually through the rotation of the long shaft 21, and then the two groups of crushing rods 13 can rotate mutually, so that the crushing effect is achieved.
In addition, in one embodiment, a downward extending portion of the long shaft 21 extends into the power cavity 22, the long shaft 21 is located on the periphery of the power cavity 22, a third bevel gear 24 and a first belt pulley 25 are fixedly arranged, the third bevel gear 24 is located on the upper side of the first belt pulley 25, a rotating shaft 30 is rotatably arranged in the inner wall between the screening cavity 32 and the power cavity 22, the rotating shaft 30 extends up and down, a downward extending portion of the rotating shaft 30 extends into the power cavity 22, a second belt pulley 29 is fixedly arranged on the lower side surface of the rotating shaft 30, a first belt 27 is arranged between the second belt pulley 29 and the first belt pulley 25, a motor 26 is fixedly embedded in the inner wall of the lower side of the power cavity 22, the downward extending portion of the long shaft 21 penetrates through the inner wall of the lower side of the power cavity 22 and is in power connection with the motor 26, and by operation of the motor 26, the long shaft 21 can be rotated, and the rotating shaft 30 can be rotated by the transmission of the first belt 27.
In addition, in one embodiment, the primary screening mechanism 102 includes a spiral chute 33, the spiral chute 33 is rotatably arranged on the bottom side surface of the screening chamber 32, the spiral chute 33 is communicated with the conveying chamber 11, a conveying cavity 31 is arranged at the lower side of the screening cavity 32, the conveying cavity 31 is communicated with the spiral chute 33, the upward extending part of the rotating shaft 30 penetrates through the conveying cavity 31, and extends into the screening chamber 32, the rotating shaft 30 is in threaded fit connection with the spiral chute 33, the top wall of the screening cavity 32 is embedded with a hose 12, the lower side of the hose 12 is communicated with the spiral chute 33, the upper side of the hose 12 is connected to an external water source, and by the rotation of the rotary shaft 30, the spiral chute 33 can be rotated, and then the effect of screening and separating the element ores in the tailings can be achieved.
In addition, in one embodiment, the vibration mechanism 103 includes a first vibration screen 38, the first vibration screen 38 is slidably disposed on the bottom wall of the vibration chamber 37, a spring 44 is installed between the right side surface of the first vibration screen 38 and the right side wall of the vibration chamber 37, a bracket 36 is fixedly disposed on the top surface of the first vibration screen 38, a thin shaft 34 is rotatably disposed on the rear side wall of the vibration chamber 37, a swing arm 35 is fixedly disposed on the outer periphery of the thin shaft 34, the swing arm 35 abuts against the bracket 36, a second vibration screen 40 is fixedly disposed on the top wall of the filter chamber 42, the swing arm 35 can swing along the circumference by the rotation of the thin shaft 34, and can impact the bracket 36, so that the first vibration screen 38 can move to the right and left, the first vibration screen 38 can vibrate and slide by the action of the spring 44, the primary screening mechanism 102 screens the separated tailings slurry, the secondary screening effect can be achieved by the left-right back-and-forth vibration between the first vibrating screen 38 and the second vibrating screen 40.
In addition, in one embodiment, a first transmission shaft 46 and a first driven wheel 41 are rotatably arranged on the rear wall of the brick making chamber 49, a first transmission wheel 45 is fixedly arranged on the periphery of the first transmission shaft 46, a water filtering screen belt 47 is arranged between the first transmission wheel 45 and the first driven wheel 41, a water storage chamber 48 is arranged at the left position below the brick making chamber 49, the water filtering screen belt 47 can be driven to transmit through the rotation of the first transmission shaft 46, and the screened tailing pulp can move rightwards to the brick making chamber 49 through the water filtering screen belt 47 and can be separated out a part of water.
In addition, in one embodiment, the brick making mechanism 104 includes a scraper 54 fixed on the top wall of the brick making chamber 49, a belt chamber 59 is opened near the right side of the lower side of the brick making chamber 49, the belt chamber 59 is communicated with the brick making chamber 49, a second transmission shaft 56 and a second driven wheel 39 are rotatably provided on the rear wall of the belt chamber 59, a second transmission wheel 57 is fixedly provided on the periphery of the second transmission shaft 56, a second belt 58 is installed between the second transmission wheel 57 and the second driven wheel 39, a mold 55 can be manually placed on the top surface of the second belt 58, a rectangular chamber 50 is opened on the upper side of the brick making chamber 49, a pressing column 53 is slidably provided in the inner wall between the rectangular chamber 50 and the brick making chamber 49, the pressing column 53 is vertically extended, the downward extending portion of the pressing column 53 extends into the brick making chamber 49, and the bottom side surface thereof is located on the upper side of the mold 55, the upward extending part of the pressing column 53 extends into the rectangular cavity 50, a short shaft 72 is rotatably arranged at the rear side of the rectangular cavity 50, a rotary table 51 is fixedly arranged on the front side surface of the short shaft 72, a connecting rod 52 is hinged to the front side surface of the rotary table 51, the connecting rod 52 is hinged to the pressing column 53, the right side of the brick making cavity 49 is communicated with the outside, the second belt 58 can be driven to the right through the rotation of the second driving shaft 56, and then the tailing slurry conveyed by the water filtering screen belt 47 can fall into the mold 55, the rotary table 51 can be rotated through the rotation of the short shaft 72, and further the pressing column 53 can slide up and down, and the slurry can be formed into a brick shape through the scraping of the scraper 54 and the compaction of the pressing column 53.
In addition, in one embodiment, the transmission mechanism 105 includes a first worm 61, the first worm 61 is rotatably disposed between two inner walls of the transmission cavity 60, a driven shaft 62 is rotatably disposed in the inner wall between the transmission cavity 60 and the power cavity 22, the driven shaft 62 extends forward and backward, a forward extending portion of the driven shaft 62 extends into the power cavity 22, a front side surface of the driven shaft is fixedly provided with a fourth bevel gear 23, the fourth bevel gear 23 is engaged with the third bevel gear 24, a backward extending portion of the driven shaft 62 extends into the transmission cavity 60, a rear side surface of the driven shaft is fixedly provided with a first worm gear 63, the first worm gear 63 is engaged with the first worm 61, a backward extending portion of the thin shaft 34 extends through a rear wall of the vibration cavity 37 and extends into the transmission cavity 60, and a rear side surface of the thin shaft is fixedly provided with a second worm gear 64, the second worm gear 64 is engaged with the first worm 61, the backward extending part of the short shaft 72 penetrates through the back side wall of the rectangular cavity 50 and extends into the transmission cavity 60, and the back side surface of the short shaft is fixedly provided with a third worm wheel 65, the third worm wheel 65 is meshed with the first worm 61, and the driven shaft 62 can be rotated through the rotation of the long shaft 21, so that the first worm 61 is rotated, and the thin shaft 34 and the short shaft 72 can be rotated simultaneously.
In addition, in one embodiment, a fifth bevel gear 66 is fixedly arranged on the outer periphery of the first worm 61, the fifth bevel gear 66 is positioned between the short shaft 72 and the thin shaft 34, a worm gear cavity 71 is arranged at the lower side of the transmission cavity 60, the worm gear cavity 71 is communicated with the transmission cavity 60, a second worm 68 is rotatably arranged on the bottom wall of the worm gear cavity 71, an upward extending part of the second worm 68 extends into the transmission cavity 60, a sixth bevel gear 67 is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the second worm 68, the sixth bevel gear 67 is meshed with the fifth bevel gear 66, a backward extending part of the first transmission shaft 46 penetrates through the rear wall of the brick making cavity 49 and extends into the worm gear cavity 71, a fourth worm gear 69 is fixedly arranged on the rear side surface of the first worm 68, the fourth worm gear 69 is meshed with the second worm 68, a backward extending part of the second transmission shaft 56 penetrates through the rear wall of the belt cavity 59, and the fifth worm wheel 70 is fixedly arranged on the rear side surface of the worm wheel cavity 71, the fifth worm wheel 70 is meshed with the second worm 68, the second worm 68 can be driven to rotate by the rotation of the first worm 61, and the first transmission shaft 46 and the second transmission shaft 56 can further rotate simultaneously.
When the device is used, the motor 26 is turned on, the long shaft 21 is rotated, the two groups of crushing shafts 16 are rotated mutually, the two groups of crushing rods 13 are rotated mutually, tailings are put into the material conveying cavity 11 to be crushed, purified water is introduced into the hose 12, the rotation of the long shaft 21 can rotate the rotating shaft 30 and further rotate the spiral chute 33, the crushed tailings and the purified water are mixed, element ores still contained in the tailings are screened and separated in the spiral chute 33, the rotation of the long shaft 21 can rotate the first worm 61 and further rotate the thin shaft 34, the swing arm 35 can rotate and push the support 36, the first vibrating screen 38 is vibrated left and right through the spring 44, the tailings slurry is screened and separated again in the second vibrating screen 40 and the first vibrating screen 38 to obtain pure slurry, the first worm 61 can rotate the second worm 68 and further rotate the first transmission shaft 46 and further drive the water filtering screen belt 47, partial moisture in the slurry can be filtered out, the first worm 61 can rotate to drive the short shaft 72 to rotate, so that the rotary disc 51 can rotate, the compression column 53 can slide up and down, the second worm 68 can rotate to drive the second transmission shaft 56 to rotate, the second transmission shaft 56 can drive the second belt 58 to rotate, the mold 55 is manually placed on the upper side face of the second belt 58, the tailing slurry can fall into the mold 55, the tailing slurry is scraped by the scraper 54, the compression column 53 is compacted, and the brick shape is formed.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention can effectively and comprehensively utilize the waste tailings in mineral mining, greatly save the waste of resource minerals, and can utilize waste materials after the tailings are screened and separated from element ores, the originally-discarded slime is used for manufacturing bricks, the bricks output by the device only need to be dried and fired, thereby greatly reducing the manufacturing time and labor cost.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications can be made to the above embodiments without departing from the general spirit and concept of the invention. All falling within the scope of protection of the present invention. The protection scheme of the invention is subject to the appended claims.

Claims (1)

1. A brick making machine based on comprehensive utilization of tailings comprises a main machine body and is characterized in that: the main machine body is internally provided with a material conveying cavity, the material conveying cavity is internally provided with a crushing mechanism capable of decomposing tailings into fine particles, the lower side of the material conveying cavity is provided with a screening cavity, the screening cavity is internally provided with a primary screening mechanism, the primary screening mechanism can carry out spiral screening on the tailings particles crushed by the crushing mechanism, and further can preliminarily separate some element ores still contained in the tailings, the lower side of the screening cavity is provided with a vibration cavity close to the right position, the vibration cavity is internally provided with a vibration mechanism, the vibration mechanism can carry out secondary screening on the tailings screened and filtered by the primary screening mechanism, and the mud and the element ores are more finely separated through a vibration mode; a filter cavity is formed in the lower side of the vibration cavity, the filter cavity is communicated with the vibration cavity, a brick making cavity is formed in the lower side of the filter cavity, the brick making cavity is communicated with the filter cavity, a brick making mechanism is arranged in the brick making cavity, the brick making mechanism can form screened and separated tailing slime into bricks, a transmission cavity is formed in the rear side of the vibration cavity, a transmission mechanism is arranged in the transmission cavity, and the transmission mechanism can simultaneously control the vibration mechanism and the brick making mechanism to be linked together; the crushing mechanism comprises two groups of crushing rods, wherein the two groups of crushing rods are symmetrically arranged in the front-back direction and are rotatably arranged between the left inner wall and the right inner wall of the material conveying cavity, four groups of crushing cutters which are uniformly distributed are fixedly arranged on the peripheries of the two groups of crushing rods, a square cavity is formed in the left side of the material conveying cavity, crushing shafts are fixedly arranged on the left side surfaces of the two groups of crushing rods, left extending parts of the crushing shafts penetrate through the left inner wall of the material conveying cavity and extend into the square cavity, gears are fixedly arranged on the peripheries of the crushing shafts in the square cavity, the two groups of gears are meshed, a first bevel gear is fixedly arranged on the left side surface of each crushing shaft in the front side, a power cavity is formed in the lower side of the square cavity, a long shaft is rotatably arranged in the inner wall between the square cavity and the power cavity and extends up and down, and the upward extending part of the long shaft extends, a second bevel gear is fixedly arranged on the upper side surface of the first bevel gear, and the second bevel gear is meshed with the first bevel gear; the downward extending part of the long shaft extends into the power cavity, a third bevel gear and a first belt pulley are fixedly arranged on the periphery of the long shaft, the third bevel gear is positioned on the upper side of the first belt pulley, a rotating shaft is rotatably arranged in the inner wall between the screening cavity and the power cavity, the rotating shaft extends up and down, the downward extending part of the rotating shaft extends into the power cavity, a second belt pulley is fixedly arranged on the lower side surface of the downward extending part of the rotating shaft, a first belt is arranged between the second belt pulley and the first belt pulley, a motor is fixedly embedded in the inner wall of the lower side of the power cavity, and the downward extending part of the long shaft penetrates through the inner wall of the lower side of the power cavity and is in power connection with the motor; the primary screening mechanism comprises a spiral chute, the spiral chute is rotatably arranged on the bottom side surface of the screening cavity, the spiral chute is communicated with the material conveying cavity, a conveying cavity is formed in the lower side of the screening cavity, the conveying cavity is communicated with the spiral chute, the upward extending part of the rotating shaft penetrates through the conveying cavity and extends into the screening cavity, the rotating shaft is in threaded fit connection with the spiral chute, a hose is fixedly embedded in the top wall of the screening cavity, the lower side of the hose is communicated with the spiral chute, and the upper side of the hose is communicated with an external water source; the vibrating mechanism comprises a first vibrating screen, the first vibrating screen is arranged on the bottom wall of the vibrating cavity in a sliding mode, a spring is arranged between the right side face of the first vibrating screen and the right side wall of the vibrating cavity, a support is fixedly arranged on the top face of the first vibrating screen, a thin shaft is rotatably arranged on the rear side wall of the vibrating cavity, a swinging arm is fixedly arranged on the periphery of the thin shaft and abutted against the support, and a second vibrating screen is fixedly arranged on the top wall of the filtering cavity; a first transmission shaft and a first driven wheel are rotatably arranged on the rear wall of the brick making cavity, a first transmission wheel is fixedly arranged on the periphery of the first transmission shaft, a water filtering screen belt is arranged between the first transmission wheel and the first driven wheel, and a water storage cavity is formed in the lower side of the brick making cavity close to the left; the brick making mechanism comprises a scraper fixedly arranged on the top wall of the brick making cavity, a belt cavity is formed in the lower side of the brick making cavity close to the right, the belt cavity is communicated with the brick making cavity, a second transmission shaft and a second driven wheel are arranged on the rear wall of the belt cavity in a rotating mode, a second transmission wheel is fixedly arranged on the periphery of the second transmission shaft, a second belt is arranged between the second transmission wheel and the second driven wheel, a mould can be manually placed on the top surface of the second belt, a rectangular cavity is formed in the upper side of the brick making cavity, a pressure column is arranged in the inner wall between the rectangular cavity and the brick making cavity in a sliding mode and extends up and down, the downward extending part of the pressure column extends into the brick making cavity, the bottom side surface of the pressure column is located on the upper side of the mould, the upward extending part of the pressure column extends into the rectangular cavity, and a short shaft is rotatably arranged on the rear side of the rectangular cavity, a rotary table is fixedly arranged on the front side surface of the short shaft, a connecting rod is hinged to the front side surface of the rotary table, the connecting rod is hinged to the compression column, and the right side of the brick making cavity is communicated with the outside; the transmission mechanism comprises a first worm, the first worm is rotatably arranged between the inner walls of two sides of the transmission cavity, a driven shaft is rotatably arranged in the inner wall between the transmission cavity and the power cavity, the driven shaft extends forwards and backwards, the forward extending part of the driven shaft extends into the power cavity, the front side surface of the driven shaft is fixedly provided with a fourth bevel gear, the fourth bevel gear is meshed with the third bevel gear, the backward extending part of the driven shaft extends into the transmission cavity, the rear side surface of the driven shaft is fixedly provided with a first worm wheel, the first worm wheel is meshed with the first worm, the backward extending part of the thin shaft penetrates through the rear wall of the vibration cavity and extends into the transmission cavity, the rear side surface of the thin shaft is fixedly provided with a second worm wheel, the second worm wheel is meshed with the first worm, and the backward extending part of the short shaft penetrates through the rear side wall of the rectangular cavity, the worm wheel extends into the transmission cavity, and the rear side surface of the worm wheel is fixedly provided with a third worm wheel which is meshed with the first worm; a fifth bevel gear is fixedly arranged on the periphery of the first worm, the fifth bevel gear is positioned between the short shaft and the fine shaft, a worm gear cavity is formed in the lower side of the transmission cavity, the worm gear cavity is communicated with the transmission cavity, a second worm is rotatably arranged on the bottom wall of the worm gear cavity, the upward extending part of the second worm extends into the transmission cavity, a sixth bevel gear is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the second worm, the sixth bevel gear is meshed with the fifth bevel gear, the backward extending part of the first transmission shaft penetrates through the rear wall of the brick making cavity and extends into the worm gear cavity, a fourth worm gear is fixedly arranged on the rear side surface of the first worm, the fourth worm gear is meshed with the second worm, the backward extending part of the second transmission shaft penetrates through the rear wall of the belt cavity and extends into the worm gear cavity, and a fifth worm gear is fixedly arranged on the rear side surface of the second worm gear, the fifth worm wheel is meshed with the second worm.
CN201910523210.1A 2019-06-17 2019-06-17 Brick making machine based on comprehensive utilization of tailings Active CN110202681B (en)

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EP1640069A1 (en) * 2004-09-24 2006-03-29 Sacmi Cooperativa Meccanici Imola Societa' Cooperativa Flaking plant for the production of flakes of fine powders
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