CN110193631B - Reaming device - Google Patents

Reaming device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110193631B
CN110193631B CN201910477845.2A CN201910477845A CN110193631B CN 110193631 B CN110193631 B CN 110193631B CN 201910477845 A CN201910477845 A CN 201910477845A CN 110193631 B CN110193631 B CN 110193631B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
locking
plate
pallet
mounting
reaming
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Active
Application number
CN201910477845.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110193631A (en
Inventor
容刚
彭刚
康文杰
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Shaodong Intelligent Manufacturing Innovative Institute
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Shaodong Intelligent Manufacturing Innovative Institute
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Priority to CN201910477845.2A priority Critical patent/CN110193631B/en
Publication of CN110193631A publication Critical patent/CN110193631A/en
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Publication of CN110193631B publication Critical patent/CN110193631B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D75/00Reaming machines or reaming devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/14Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting co-ordinated in production lines
    • B23Q7/1426Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting co-ordinated in production lines with work holders not rigidly fixed to the transport devices
    • B23Q7/1494Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting co-ordinated in production lines with work holders not rigidly fixed to the transport devices using grippers

Abstract

The invention provides a reaming mechanism which comprises a rack and a pallet, wherein an installation platform is arranged on the rack, a pallet limiting mechanism, a pallet jacking and positioning mechanism and reaming equipment are arranged on the installation platform, the pallet limiting mechanism is used for limiting and blocking the pallet, the pallet jacking and positioning mechanism is used for lifting and positioning the pallet, and the reaming equipment is used for reaming. The problem of current reaming mechanism be not suitable for assembly line work, need the manpower will wait to process the part and transport and fix a position again and press from both sides tightly and lead to the error accumulation, not only reduced efficiency, made the machining precision of product reduce simultaneously.

Description

Reaming device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of wrench machining, and particularly relates to a reaming mechanism of a wrench.
Background
The wrench is a common mounting and dismounting tool, and is a manual tool for screwing bolts, screws, nuts and other screw threads to tightly hold open or trepanning fasteners of the bolts or nuts by utilizing the lever principle. The production process of the wrench generally includes processing a wrench body blank to form a wrench body finished product, and assembling all the components such as the lock nut to form the wrench finished product. Wherein, the processing of pulling body blank needs to be through milling, multiple processes such as broaching, reaming, present multiple processes all independently go on, process by the processing equipment of difference respectively promptly, this mode needs the manpower supplementary to change the spanner from a equipment to other equipment processing, and processing all need fix a position again simultaneously at every turn and press from both sides tightly, leads to the error accumulation, not only influences the machining precision and the quality of product, and machining efficiency is not high simultaneously.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a reaming device which is suitable for a machining assembly line of a wrench body, realizes accurate positioning of a wrench body reaming hole to be machined, improves the machining quality of a product, does not need to transfer the wrench body from one procedure to another procedure for machining by manpower, and improves the efficiency.
In order to achieve the above object, an embodiment of the present invention provides a reaming device, including a frame and a pallet, wherein the frame is provided with an installation platform, and the installation platform is provided with a pallet limiting mechanism, a pallet jacking positioning mechanism and a reaming mechanism;
the pallet jacking positioning mechanism comprises a first mounting seat, the first mounting seat is mounted on the mounting platform, a horizontal driving cylinder is mounted on the first mounting seat, an output shaft of the horizontal driving cylinder is connected with one end of a push rod, the other end of the push rod is conical, and a conical hole is formed in the position, opposite to the push rod, of the pallet;
the clamp limiting mechanism comprises a first supporting seat and a second supporting seat, the first supporting seat is arranged on the first mounting seat, a through hole is formed in the first supporting seat, the other end of the ejector rod penetrates through the through hole, the second supporting seat is arranged on the other side of the traveling clamp, a first groove is formed in one side, opposite to the traveling clamp, of the second supporting seat in the horizontal direction, a round rod is fixedly arranged in the first groove in the horizontal direction, one part of the round rod is located outside the first groove, a second groove is formed in one side, opposite to the first groove, of the traveling clamp, the shape of the second groove is matched with the surface of the round rod, a first blocking cylinder is arranged on one side of the first supporting seat, an output shaft of the first blocking cylinder is connected with a first stop rod, and a second blocking cylinder is arranged on one side of the second supporting seat, an output shaft of the second blocking cylinder is connected with a second blocking rod;
the reaming mechanism comprises a power driving device and a reamer, and the power driving device is connected with the reamer and drives the reamer to move up and down and rotate.
The chamfering mechanism comprises a mounting bottom plate, two angle adjusting plates are arranged at two ends of the mounting bottom plate, a chamfering device is arranged between the angle adjusting plates, two ends of the chamfering device are rotatably connected with the two angle adjusting plates, the chamfering device comprises a vertical driving part, and an output shaft of the vertical driving part is connected with an angle grinding head.
Wherein, the chamfer device includes the second mount pad, the both ends of second mount pad are passed through the pivot with the angle adjustment board rotates to be connected, the second mount pad includes mounting panel and lower mounting panel, it is connected through vertical mounting panel with one side of lower mounting panel to go up the mounting panel, the bottom installation and the vertical lift cylinder of lower mounting panel, the output shaft and the push pedal of vertical lift are connected, the push pedal with be connected through the connecting rod between the slide, install the angle bistrique on the slide, upward be provided with logical groove on the mounting panel, vertical cylinder drive the angle bistrique passes lead to the groove and carry out the up-and-down motion.
The lifting air cylinder is arranged in the gap between the upper mounting plate and the lower mounting plate, the first guide rod and the second guide rod are arranged between the upper mounting plate and the lower mounting plate, the two ends of the sliding plate are connected with the first guide rod and the second guide rod in a sliding mode, the other gap is arranged on one side of the mounting base plate, and the lifting air cylinder is located in the other gap.
The pallet is a wrench pallet which comprises a bottom plate; the locking arms comprise two locking arms which are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the bottom plate, a rotating shaft is vertically inserted in the middle of each locking arm and is fixedly connected with the bottom plate, and a clamping block is fixedly arranged at the front end of each locking arm; the locking device comprises a first locking mechanism, a second locking mechanism and a locking mechanism, wherein the first locking mechanism is arranged at the rear end of each locking arm and comprises a first locking column and two locking blocks, the locking blocks are fixedly connected with the rear ends of the two locking arms respectively, the locking blocks are arranged in an inverted wedge shape, the distance between opposite side faces is gradually reduced from bottom to top, the first locking column is vertically inserted into a first through hole formed between the two locking blocks of the bottom plate, the top of the first locking column is arranged in a conical shape, and the side face of the top of the first locking column is contacted with the opposite side faces of the two locking blocks respectively; the second locking mechanism comprises a second locking column, a horizontal second through hole is formed in the rear end of the bottom plate and communicated with the first through hole and the outside of the bottom plate, and the second locking column is slidably arranged in the second through hole.
The first locking column and the second locking column are further respectively sleeved with a first spring structure and a second spring structure, the first ends of the first spring structure and the second spring structure are respectively connected with the first locking column and the second locking column, and the second ends of the first spring structure and the second spring structure are fixedly connected with the bottom plate.
The middle part of the second locking column is also fixedly sleeved with a control block, and the control block is positioned in a control groove formed in the rear end of the bottom plate.
The bottom plate is slidably arranged on a clamp sliding plate, the front end and the rear end of the clamp sliding plate are respectively provided with a positioning block, the front end of the bottom plate is further provided with an cover plate, the cover plate is attached to two side faces on the left side and the right side of the bottom plate and the top face above the locking arm, and a plurality of openings are formed in the top face.
The scheme of the invention has the following beneficial effects: the reaming equipment provided by the invention is suitable for assembly line work, does not need workers to transfer a workpiece to be machined from one machining equipment to another machining equipment for machining, and does not need to repeatedly reposition the workpiece to be machined, so that errors are accumulated, the machining quality is influenced, the efficiency is improved, and the machining quality of products is improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the reaming apparatus of the present invention positioned on a production line;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the construction of the reaming apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a pallet jacking positioning mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic mechanism diagram of a pallet limiting mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the reaming mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the wrench follower fixture of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the external structure of the wrench following jig of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a detailed view of the clamping end of the wrench follower fixture of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a detailed view of the locking end of the wrench follower fixture of the present invention.
[ description of reference ]
1-a rack, 2-a pallet limiting mechanism, 3-a production line, 4-a reaming mechanism, 5-a blocking limiting cylinder, 6-a pallet, 7-a pallet jacking positioning mechanism, 8-a reaming mechanism, 9-a mounting platform, 10-a horizontal driving cylinder, 11-a mandril, 13-a first mounting seat, 14-a first supporting seat, 15-a second supporting seat, 16-a round rod, 17-a notch, 18-a mounting bottom plate, 19-an angle adjusting plate, 20-a second mounting seat, 21-a lifting cylinder, 22-an angle grinding head, 23-a push plate, 24-a sliding plate, 25-an oil pressure buffer, 26-a first blocking cylinder, 27-a second blocking cylinder, 101-a first locking column, 102-a control block, 103-a second spring structure, 104-a second locking column, 105-a control groove, 106-a first spring structure, 107-a locking block, 108-a rotating shaft, 109-a locking arm, 110-a wrench body, 111-a bottom plate, 112-a cover plate, 113-a clamp sliding plate, 114-a positioning block, 115-a clamping block, 116-a supporting frame and 120-a second locking column; 121-second spring configuration.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical problems, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the following detailed description is given with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments. The pallet is used for positioning and clamping a wrench, but is not limited to a wrench pallet, i.e. a reaming hole of a wrench.
The invention provides reaming equipment aiming at the existing problems, which comprises a rack 1 and a pallet 6, wherein the rack 1 is provided with a mounting platform 9, the mounting platform 9 is provided with a pallet limiting mechanism 2, a pallet jacking positioning mechanism 7 and a reaming mechanism 4, the pallet jacking positioning mechanism 7 comprises a first mounting seat 14, the first mounting seat 14 is mounted on the mounting platform 9, the first mounting seat 14 is provided with a horizontal driving cylinder 10, the output shaft of the horizontal driving cylinder 10 is connected with one end of a mandril 11, the other end of the mandril 11 is conical, and a conical hole is formed in the position of the pallet 6 opposite to the mandril 11; the fixture limiting mechanism 2 comprises a first supporting seat 14 and a second supporting seat 15, the first supporting seat 14 is arranged on the first mounting seat 13, a through hole is arranged on the first supporting seat 14, the other end of the ejector rod 11 penetrates through the through hole, the second supporting seat 15 is arranged on the other side of the pallet 6, a first groove is arranged on one side, opposite to the pallet 6, of the second supporting seat 15 along the horizontal direction, a round rod 16 is fixedly arranged in the first groove along the horizontal direction, the part of the round rod 16 is positioned outside the first groove, the pallet 6 is just opposite to one side of the first groove, a second groove is arranged on one side of the first groove, the shape of the second groove is matched with the surface of the round rod 16, a first blocking cylinder is arranged on one side of the first supporting seat 14, an output shaft of the first blocking cylinder 26 is connected with a first stop lever, a second blocking cylinder is arranged on one side of the second supporting seat 15, and an output shaft of the second blocking cylinder 27 is connected with a second stop lever; the reaming mechanism 4 comprises a power driving device, and the power driving device is connected with the reamer and drives the reamer to move up and down and rotate.
When the pallet 6 is conveyed to the reaming equipment from the feeding end of the assembly line 3, the pallet limiting mechanism 2 stops the pallet 6 from further moving, the pallet jacking and positioning mechanism 7 jacks the pallet 6 away from the conveying device, and the reaming mechanism 4 drives the reamer to descend and rotate to ream the wrench on the pallet 6. The pallet jacking positioning mechanism 7 comprises a first mounting seat 13, a horizontal driving cylinder 10 is mounted on the first mounting seat 13, an output shaft of the horizontal driving cylinder 10 is connected with one end of a mandril 11, the other end of the mandril 11 is conical, a conical hole is arranged at the position of the pallet 6 opposite to the mandril 11, the horizontal driving cylinder 10 drives the other end of the mandril 11 to be inserted into the conical hole, the axis of the mandril 11 is staggered with the axis of the conical hole, the axis of the conical hole is positioned below the axis of the mandril 11, the distance between the axis of the conical hole and the axis of the mandril 11 is smaller than the maximum radius of the conical hole, and when the horizontal driving cylinder 10 drives the mandril 11 to face into the conical hole, the pallet 6 moves upwards for a certain distance along the conical surface of the mandril 11, until the axis of the taper hole coincides with the axis of the ejector rod 11, thereby realizing the jacking of the follower fixture 6.
The pallet limiting mechanism 2 comprises a first supporting seat 14 and a second supporting seat 15, the first supporting seat 14 is arranged on the first mounting seat 13, a through hole is formed in the first supporting seat 14, and the other end of the ejector rod 11 penetrates through the through hole; the first supporting seat 14 can support the ram 11.
Second supporting seat 15 sets up the opposite side of pallet 6, second supporting seat 15 with one side that pallet 6 is relative sets up first recess along the horizontal direction, follow the fixed round bar 16 that is provided with of horizontal direction in the first recess, a part of round bar 16 is located outside the first recess, pallet 6 is just right one side of first recess is provided with the second recess, the shape of second recess with round bar 16 suits on the surface. When the ejector rod 16 ejects one side of the pallet 6, the other side of the pallet 6 is ejected by the round rod 16, and during the process of lifting the pallet 6, the other side of the pallet 6 slides upwards along the cylindrical surface of the round rod 16. The following fixture jacking positioning mechanism 7 provided by the invention is simple in structure and reliable in positioning.
One side of first supporting seat 14 is provided with the first cylinder 26 that blocks, the first output shaft that blocks cylinder 26 is connected with first pin, one side of second supporting seat 15 is provided with the second and blocks cylinder 27, the second blocks the output shaft and the second pin of cylinder 15 and is connected, works as pallet 6 follows the one end of assembly line flows in to during the reaming equipment, the first cylinder 26 that blocks promotes first pin stretches out, the second blocks cylinder 27 and promotes second pin stretches out to pallet 6 carries out spacing the stopping.
The power driving device of the reaming mechanism 4 comprises a first driving motor and a second driving motor, the first driving motor is used for driving the reamer to rotate, and the second driving motor is used for driving the reamer to move up and down.
The production line is also provided with a blocking limiting cylinder 5, when the reaming equipment is provided with a traveling fixture 6 and is reaming, the blocking limiting cylinder 5 blocks the traveling fixture 6 at the feeding end of the production line, after the reaming equipment is finished, a horizontal driving cylinder 10 of a traveling fixture jacking and positioning mechanism 7 retracts and releases the traveling fixture 6 to flow out of the production line, and meanwhile, the blocking limiting cylinder 5 releases the next traveling fixture.
Wherein, the position still is provided with a breach 17 under pallet 6 on mounting platform 9, still be provided with chamfer mechanism 8 in the frame 1, chamfer mechanism 8 is located under breach 17, chamfer mechanism 8 includes mounting plate 18, mounting plate 18's both ends are provided with two angle adjustment boards 19, be provided with the chamfer device between two angle adjustment boards 19, the both ends of chamfer device with two angle adjustment boards 19 rotate to be connected, the chamfer device includes vertical drive part 21, vertical drive part 21's output shaft and angle grinding head 22 are connected. Preferably, the vertical driving part is a vertical lifting cylinder.
After the reaming mechanism 8 reams the wrench, the reamer is withdrawn, and the chamfering mechanism 8 drives the angle grinding head 22 to penetrate through the notch 17 on the mounting platform 9 by the vertical driving part 21 to chamfer the reaming hole on the wrench. Meanwhile, the chamfering device is rotatably connected with the angle adjusting plate 19, so that the processing position of the chamfering device can be adjusted, and the problem that errors are accumulated in the reaming process, so that the processing quality of products is influenced by the existence of errors in chamfering is avoided.
Establish two relative U-shaped holes on angle adjustment board 19, two the U-shaped hole is located same circumference, the both ends of chamfering device are provided with two short columns respectively, two the short column inserts two respectively the U-shaped is downthehole, the both ends of chamfering device are through pivot and two the angle adjustment board rotates to be connected, the pivot is located two the central point in U-shaped hole puts. And after the chamfering device is adjusted to a proper position along the rotation shaft in a rotating way, the chamfering device is locked and positioned by inserting the screw into the threaded hole in the U-shaped hole.
The chamfering device comprises a second mounting seat 20, the two ends of the second mounting seat 20 are connected through a rotating shaft and an angle adjusting plate 19 in a rotating mode, the second mounting seat comprises an upper mounting plate and a lower mounting plate, the upper mounting plate is connected with one side of the lower mounting plate through a vertical mounting plate, a vertical lifting cylinder is installed at the bottom of the lower mounting plate, an output shaft of the vertical lifting cylinder 21 is connected with a push plate, the push plate 20 is connected with a sliding plate 21 through a connecting rod, an angle grinding head 22 is installed on the sliding plate 21, a through groove is formed in the upper mounting plate, the vertical cylinder drives the angle grinding head 22 to penetrate through the through groove and move up and down.
The vertical lifting cylinder 21 drives the corner grinding head 22 to move upwards and penetrate through the through groove and the notch in the mounting platform 9 to round off the reaming hole in the wrench. Preferably, the vertical lifting cylinder 21 is in floating connection with the push plate 20, and two ends of the slide plate 21 are respectively provided with two hydraulic buffers 25 for limiting and buffering the ascending process of the angle grinding head 22.
The upper mounting plate and the lower mounting plate are further provided with a first guide rod and a second guide rod, the two ends of the sliding plate are connected with the first guide rod and the second guide rod in a sliding mode, one side of the mounting base plate 18 is further provided with another notch, and the vertical lifting cylinder 21 is located in the other notch. The other gap is arranged to facilitate the installation of the lifting cylinder and avoid interference.
Pallet 6 is a wrench pallet, and the wrench body pallet includes: a base plate 111; the locking arms 109 are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the base plate 111, a rotating shaft 108 is vertically inserted into the middle of each locking arm 109, the rotating shaft 108 is fixedly connected with the base plate 111, and a clamping block 115 is fixedly arranged at the front end of each locking arm 109; the first locking mechanism is arranged at the rear end of the locking arm 109 and comprises a first locking column 104 and two locking blocks 107, the locking blocks 107 are respectively fixedly connected with the rear ends of the two locking arms 109, the locking blocks 107 are arranged in an inverted wedge shape, the distance between opposite side faces is gradually reduced from bottom to top, the first locking column 104 is vertically inserted into a first through hole formed between the two locking blocks 107 of the bottom plate 111, the top of the first locking column 104 is arranged in a conical shape, and the side face of the top of the first locking column 104 is respectively contacted with the opposite side faces of the two locking blocks 107; the second locking mechanism comprises a second locking column 104, a horizontal second through hole is formed in the rear end of the base plate 111 and communicated with the first through hole and the outer portion of the base plate 111, and the second locking column 104 is slidably arranged in the second through hole.
The wrench body following clamp according to the above embodiment of the present invention is provided with the locking arms 109 respectively disposed on the left and right sides of the bottom plate 111, and the head of the wrench body 110 can be clamped and positioned by the clamping block 115 fixedly disposed at the front end thereof. A rotating shaft 108 is vertically inserted in the middle of the locking arm 109, the locking arm 109 can rotate around the rotating shaft 108, and when the rear ends of the two locking arms 109 rotate outwards and gradually separate, the front ends of the locking arms 109 can move inwards to drive the two clamping blocks 115 to clamp and position the head of the wrench body 110. And the rotation of the locking arm 109 around the rotating shaft 108 is driven by the first locking mechanism, and the locking of the locking arm 109 is completed by the cooperation of the first locking mechanism and the second locking mechanism. The first locking mechanism is located at the rear end of the locking arm 109 and comprises a first locking column 104 and two locking blocks 107, wherein the locking blocks 107 are respectively and fixedly arranged at the rear ends of the two locking arms 109, meanwhile, the locking blocks 107 are inverted wedge-shaped, the distance between opposite side faces of the locking blocks is gradually reduced from bottom to top, the first locking column 104 is vertically arranged between the two locking blocks 107, the top of the first locking column is conical, and the side faces of the first locking column are respectively contacted with the opposite side faces of the two locking blocks 107. Therefore, when the first locking column 104 moves upwards, the top of the first locking column will press the side surfaces of the two locking blocks 107, so that the distance between the side surfaces of the two locking blocks 107 gradually increases, and since the locking blocks 107 and the locking arms 109 can only rotate around the rotating shaft 108, the two locking blocks 107 will gradually separate outwards, so that the rear ends of the locking arms 109 will rotate outwards around the rotating shaft 108, and the front ends of the locking arms 109 will be driven to rotate inwards around the rotating shaft 108, so as to push the clamping blocks 115 to clamp and position the head of the wrench body 1. After the first locking post 101 moves upward to a preset position to complete clamping and positioning, the second locking post 104 slides along the horizontal through hole in the bottom plate 111 and contacts with the side wall of the first locking post 101, friction is generated by extrusion to limit downward movement and resetting of the first locking post 101, and the firmness of clamping and positioning of the first locking post 101 and the locking arm 109 on the head of the wrench body 110 is ensured.
The shape of the clamping block 115 is consistent with the shape of the head of the wrench body 110, so that the side surface of the clamping block 115 can clamp the side surface of the head of the wrench body 110 in a fitting manner, and the occupied space of the structure can be saved.
The front end of the bottom plate 111 is further provided with a plurality of support brackets 116, and the support brackets 116 are used for supporting the head and the handle of the wrench body 110. A plurality of supporting brackets 116 are arranged on the bottom plate 111 below the head of the wrench body 110 to form a height difference matched with the arc surfaces of the head of the wrench body 110 and the lower surface of the clamping block 115, so as to stably support the head of the wrench body 110. In addition, a support frame 116 is also arranged at the handle part of the wrench body 110 to support the handle part, and finally, the wrench body 110 is stably supported in a vertical plane through two support points.
The first locking column 101 and the second locking column 104 are further respectively sleeved with a first spring structure 106 and a second spring structure 103, first ends of the first spring structure 106 and the second spring structure 103 are respectively connected with the first locking column 101 and the second locking column 104, and second ends of the first spring structure 106 and the second spring structure 103 are fixedly connected with the bottom plate 111. The first spring structure 106 and the second spring structure 103 are in a compressed state, and the first locking column 101 automatically moves upwards under the action of the first spring structure 106 to clamp and position the head of the wrench body 110, so as to form a self-locking state. When the wrench body 110 needs to be released, the first locking column 101 needs to be moved downward by an external force. Similarly, the second locking post 104 will automatically move toward the first locking post 101 under the action of the second spring structure 103, and the head will press against the sidewall of the first locking post 6, limiting the downward movement of the first locking post 101 by friction, so as to further lock the whole structure in clamping position against the head of the wrench body 110.
The middle part of the second locking column 104 is also fixedly sleeved with a control block 102, the control block 102 is positioned in a control groove 105 formed in the rear end of the bottom plate 111, the control block 102 is pushed by an external device to move the second locking column 104 reversely, so that the second locking column 104 unlocks the first locking column 101, and then the first locking column 104 is further moved downwards to unlock the head of the wrench body 110 for clamping and positioning.
The bottom plate 111 is slidably disposed on a clamp sliding plate 113, a positioning block 114 is disposed at each of the front end and the rear end of the clamp sliding plate 113, and the pallet can slide on the production line by disposing the clamp sliding plate 113, thereby ensuring that each processing step of the wrench body 1 is successfully completed.
The front end of the bottom plate 111 is further provided with a cover plate 112, the cover plate 112 includes two side surfaces on the left side and the right side of the bottom plate 111 and a top surface above the locking arm 109, and the top surface is provided with a plurality of openings, so that the structures such as the wrench body 110, the supporting frame 116 and the first locking column 101 are not blocked by the top surface of the cover plate 112. The cover plate 112 is arranged for preventing iron chips in the machining process from entering the main body of the pallet, and the use reliability of the pallet is ensured.
The reaming equipment provided by the invention is suitable for assembly line work, a workpiece to be machined does not need to be transferred to two or more machining equipment for machining by workers, and the workpiece to be machined does not need to be repeatedly repositioned, so that errors are accumulated, the machining quality is influenced, the efficiency is improved, and the machining quality of a product is improved.
While the foregoing is directed to the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Claims (8)

1. A reaming device is characterized by comprising a rack and a pallet, wherein the rack is provided with an installation platform, and the installation platform is provided with a pallet limiting mechanism, a pallet jacking and positioning mechanism and a reaming mechanism;
the pallet jacking positioning mechanism comprises a first mounting seat, the first mounting seat is mounted on the mounting platform, a horizontal driving cylinder is mounted on the first mounting seat, an output shaft of the horizontal driving cylinder is connected with one end of a push rod, the other end of the push rod is conical, and a conical hole is formed in the position, opposite to the push rod, of the pallet;
the axis of the ejector rod is staggered with the axis of the taper hole, the axis of the taper hole is positioned below the axis of the ejector rod, and the distance between the axis of the taper hole and the axis of the ejector rod is smaller than the maximum radius of the taper hole;
the clamp limiting mechanism comprises a first supporting seat and a second supporting seat, the first supporting seat is arranged on the first mounting seat, a through hole is formed in the first supporting seat, the other end of the ejector rod penetrates through the through hole, the second supporting seat is arranged on the other side of the traveling clamp, a first groove is formed in one side, opposite to the traveling clamp, of the second supporting seat in the horizontal direction, a round rod is fixedly arranged in the first groove in the horizontal direction, one part of the round rod is located outside the first groove, a second groove is formed in one side, opposite to the first groove, of the traveling clamp, the shape of the second groove is matched with the surface of the round rod, a first blocking cylinder is arranged on one side of the first supporting seat, an output shaft of the first blocking cylinder is connected with a first stop rod, and a second blocking cylinder is arranged on one side of the second supporting seat, an output shaft of the second blocking cylinder is connected with a second blocking rod;
the reaming mechanism comprises a power driving device and a reamer, and the power driving device is connected with the reamer and drives the reamer to move up and down and rotate.
2. The reaming equipment according to claim 1, wherein a notch is further formed in the mounting platform and located right below the pallet, a chamfering mechanism is further arranged on the frame and located right below the notch, the chamfering mechanism comprises a mounting base plate, two angle adjusting plates are arranged at two ends of the mounting base plate, a chamfering device is arranged between the two angle adjusting plates, two ends of the chamfering device are rotatably connected with the two angle adjusting plates, the chamfering device comprises a vertical driving component, and an output shaft of the vertical driving component is connected with the angle grinding head.
3. The reaming equipment according to claim 2, wherein the chamfering device comprises a second mounting seat, two ends of the second mounting seat are rotatably connected with the angle adjusting plate through rotating shafts, the second mounting seat comprises an upper mounting plate and a lower mounting plate, the upper mounting plate is connected with one side of the lower mounting plate through the vertical mounting plate, a vertical lifting cylinder is mounted at the bottom of the lower mounting plate, an output shaft of the vertical lifting cylinder is connected with a push plate, the push plate is connected with a sliding plate through a connecting rod, an angle grinding head is mounted on the sliding plate, a through groove is formed in the upper mounting plate, and the vertical lifting cylinder drives the angle grinding head to pass through the through groove and move up and down.
4. The reaming device according to claim 3, wherein a first guide rod and a second guide rod are further arranged between the upper mounting plate and the lower mounting plate, two ends of the sliding plate are slidably connected with the first guide rod and the second guide rod, one side of the mounting base plate is further provided with another notch, and the vertical lifting cylinder is located in the other notch.
5. The reaming apparatus of claim 1, wherein the pallet is a wrench pallet, the wrench pallet including a bottom plate; the locking arms comprise two locking arms which are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the bottom plate, a rotating shaft is vertically inserted in the middle of each locking arm and is fixedly connected with the bottom plate, and a clamping block is fixedly arranged at the front end of each locking arm; the locking device comprises a first locking mechanism, a second locking mechanism and a locking mechanism, wherein the first locking mechanism is arranged at the rear end of each locking arm and comprises a first locking column and two locking blocks, the locking blocks are fixedly connected with the rear ends of the two locking arms respectively, the locking blocks are arranged in an inverted wedge shape, the distance between opposite side faces is gradually reduced from bottom to top, the first locking column is vertically inserted into a first through hole formed between the two locking blocks of the bottom plate, the top of the first locking column is arranged in a conical shape, and the side face of the top of the first locking column is contacted with the opposite side faces of the two locking blocks respectively; the second locking mechanism comprises a second locking column, a horizontal second through hole is formed in the rear end of the bottom plate and communicated with the first through hole and the outside of the bottom plate, and the second locking column is slidably arranged in the second through hole.
6. The reaming equipment of claim 5, wherein the first locking column and the second locking column are respectively sleeved with a first spring structure and a second spring structure, the first ends of the first spring structure and the second spring structure are respectively connected with the first locking column and the second locking column, and the second ends of the first spring structure and the second spring structure are fixedly connected with the bottom plate.
7. The reaming device of claim 6, wherein a control block is fixedly sleeved on the middle portion of the second locking column, and the control block is located in a control groove formed in the rear end of the bottom plate.
8. The reaming apparatus of claim 7, wherein the base plate is slidably disposed on a jig slide, a positioning block is disposed at each of a front end and a rear end of the jig slide, a cover plate is disposed at the front end of the base plate, the cover plate includes a top surface that fits over the locking arm and two side surfaces of the left and right sides of the base plate, and a plurality of openings are disposed on the top surface.
CN201910477845.2A 2019-06-03 2019-06-03 Reaming device Active CN110193631B (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU603562A1 (en) * 1976-03-30 1978-04-25 Adamovich Valentin S Automatic machining line
US6374706B1 (en) * 2001-01-25 2002-04-23 Frederic M. Newman Sucker rod tool
CN101318291A (en) * 2008-06-27 2008-12-10 重庆工学院 Automatic processing product line for source nipple of gas cylinder
CN202539934U (en) * 2012-03-10 2012-11-21 浙江吉鑫祥叉车制造有限公司 Process line of channel steel of portal of hoisting system
CN202922196U (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-05-08 宁波恒富汽车部件发展有限公司 Reaming and chamfering one-body machine
CN205415049U (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-08-03 山东九鑫机械工具有限公司 Adjustable wrench pulls body and bores macropore frock
CN206779975U (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-12-22 柳州欧维姆机械股份有限公司 A kind of lift centering clamping device
CN208179080U (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-12-04 安徽明匠智能系统有限公司 A kind of transmission line body being accurately positioned workpiece

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU603562A1 (en) * 1976-03-30 1978-04-25 Adamovich Valentin S Automatic machining line
US6374706B1 (en) * 2001-01-25 2002-04-23 Frederic M. Newman Sucker rod tool
CN101318291A (en) * 2008-06-27 2008-12-10 重庆工学院 Automatic processing product line for source nipple of gas cylinder
CN202539934U (en) * 2012-03-10 2012-11-21 浙江吉鑫祥叉车制造有限公司 Process line of channel steel of portal of hoisting system
CN202922196U (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-05-08 宁波恒富汽车部件发展有限公司 Reaming and chamfering one-body machine
CN205415049U (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-08-03 山东九鑫机械工具有限公司 Adjustable wrench pulls body and bores macropore frock
CN206779975U (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-12-22 柳州欧维姆机械股份有限公司 A kind of lift centering clamping device
CN208179080U (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-12-04 安徽明匠智能系统有限公司 A kind of transmission line body being accurately positioned workpiece

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