CN110064080A - Device is used in leg drainage - Google Patents

Device is used in leg drainage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110064080A
CN110064080A CN201910468640.8A CN201910468640A CN110064080A CN 110064080 A CN110064080 A CN 110064080A CN 201910468640 A CN201910468640 A CN 201910468640A CN 110064080 A CN110064080 A CN 110064080A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
arc
bottom plate
shaft
drainage
shaped cover
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Granted
Application number
CN201910468640.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110064080B (en
Inventor
彭雪
马炬
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First Affiliated Hospital of PLA Military Medical University
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First Affiliated Hospital of PLA Military Medical University
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Priority to CN201910468640.8A priority Critical patent/CN110064080B/en
Publication of CN110064080A publication Critical patent/CN110064080A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110064080B publication Critical patent/CN110064080B/en
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    • A61M1/0023
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2209/00Ancillary equipment
    • A61M2209/08Supports for equipment
    • A61M2209/088Supports for equipment on the body

Abstract

The present invention relates to medical auxiliary apparatus technical fields, and in particular to leg drainage device, the arc-shaped cover including bottom plate He the side of being set on the bottom plate, bottom plate and arc-shaped cover rotation connection form the arc-shaped cavity for accommodating patient legs between bottom plate and arc-shaped cover;The card slot for being fixedly connected with drainage bottle is provided on the outside of arc-shaped cover;The bottom of bottom plate is provided with accommodating groove, bottom base plate is equipped with the supporting mechanism that can be accommodated in accommodating groove, supporting mechanism includes the inner wall formation locking structure of the shaft movable axis being mutually flexibly connected, the bottom surface rotation connection of shaft and accommodating groove, and shaft rotation Shi Keyu accommodating groove.The present invention solves the problems, such as that drainage tube bends discounting or abjection in the prior art, mitigates shield and suffers from the nursing supervision pressure of pipeline;Supporting mechanism can be conducive to carry out drainage procedure and drainage transhipment in field or field operation emergency aid and treatment, drainage device is made to use more safety in field or field operation treatment simultaneously with support baseboard.

Description

Device is used in leg drainage
Technical field
The present invention relates to medical auxiliary apparatus technical field, in particular to device is used in leg drainage.
Background technique
Clinical Surgery's drainage treatment, be using siphon or negative-pressure suction principle, by drainage tube be placed on body operation area or Body cavity is simultaneously pierced by vitro by skin incision, thus by the purulence gathered between tissue or in body cavity, ooze out blood, tissue fluid and Other liquid are directed in vitro, play the role of preventing liquid deposition from leading to postoperative infection.With the promotion of medical level, in recent years Carry out negative pressure wound surface treatment technology to have gradually developed, it closes the open surface of a wound using biological semi-permeable film, uses special negative pressure machine (such as drainage bottle) generates certain negative pressure, acts on the surface of a wound after debridement by drainage tube and dressing, reaches the mesh of drainage treatment 's.In clinical use, the ununified fixed form of drainage bottle, and drainage bottle is usually located on hospital bed is not consolidated Fixed, this results in drainage bottle to be easy to fall or generate from hospital bed to pull, and causes the displacement of drainage tube even to deviate from, controls drainage Treatment is affected, or even causes to nurse undesirable event generation, it is also possible to cause medical tangle;Simultaneously as drainage tube is general It is made of the softer material of the quality such as silicon rubber or polyurethane, and drainage tube is arbitrarily to place on one's sick bed in use, is drawn Flow tube be easy by external force and deformation occurs or bending, cause the drainage effect of drainage tube to weaken, to influence drainage treatment Effect;Field or field operation emergency aid and treatment state, drainage bottle cannot be fixed effectively after drainage procedure, make to rescue and transit staff At biggish Canal Nursing pressure, de- pipe or pipeline gave a discount also as the main reason for causing emergency aid and treatment to fail.
To solve the above problems, the Chinese utility model patent of Publication No. CN 207383618U discloses a kind of knee pass Multifunctional patient trousers, including pants for patient ontology, pants for patient ontology are used to include shorts and connect with it by thread gluing after saving displacement technique Two movable trouser legs;Movable trouser legs include the trouser legs of tubbiness and the active window that corresponding knee position is arranged in;Active window includes The silicagel pad of arch, silicagel pad are hollow form, in can be put into ice bag;Box chassis activity on active window and movable trouser legs connects It connects;The drainage tube card slot being vertically arranged is additionally provided on movable trouser legs.
There is also following technical problems for the patent: 1, in actual clinical treatment, since air bag stress is easy to happen deformation, Drainage tube is by the equally possible possibility for generating broken pipe of external force, and drainage bottle is also located in hospital bed or is suspended on other positions, draws Stream bottle is still easy to pull drainage tube generation;And patient is in the therapeutic state after knee surgery, dresses this pants for patient It is inconvenient.2, the structure does not have support effect, is unfavorable for forming support platform progress drainage procedure in the Emergency Assistance of field.
Summary of the invention
To solve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides leg drainage devices, are easy to pull drainage to solve drainage bottle The problem of bending blocking, easily occurs for pipe, drainage tube.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is that: leg drainage use device, including bottom plate and be set to bottom Arc-shaped cover above plate forms the arc-shaped cavity that can accommodate patient legs between bottom plate and arc-shaped cover;Use is provided on the outside of arc-shaped cover In the card slot of fixed drainage bottle;The bottom of bottom plate is provided with accommodating groove, and bottom base plate is equipped with the support machine that can be accommodated in accommodating groove Structure.
The principle of the present invention is: in clinical treatment, patient legs are located in arc-shaped cavity, and bottom plate is used to support patient Leg, arc-shaped cover are used to patient legs being fixed on bottom plate, drainage bottle are fixedly connected in the card slot on the outside of arc-shaped cover, due to drawing Stream bottle can be moved as patient legs are mobile, so that the relative position between drainage bottle and patient legs is fixed, it can be effective Prevent the case where causing drainage tube to be pullled due to drainage bottle and patient legs send relative displacement;Meanwhile drainage tube directly by Patient legs are connected to drainage bottle, and drainage tube is no longer exposed, and drainage tube can be effectively prevent to deform because being extruded or bending The case where;The bottom of bottom plate is equipped with accommodating groove, and supporting mechanism is equipped in accommodating groove, in ward in use, by supporting mechanism It is accommodated in accommodating groove, when field or field operation carry out emergency aid and treatment, supporting mechanism is opened, supporting mechanism mentions for patient legs For support, consequently facilitating drainage is gone on smoothly.
Using the above scheme the advantages of, is:
1. drainage treatment is more smooth: it is relatively independent between drainage bottle and patient legs in compared with the prior art, and draw Stream bottle fails rationally to be fixed, and drainage bottle will lead to drainage tube when mobile and be pullled, and so that drainage tube is sent displacement or abjection, makes It is poor by effect at draining.Patient legs are affixed in arc-shaped cavity in the application, and drainage bottle is fixed on the outside of arc-shaped cover Relative position in card slot, therefore between drainage bottle and patient legs be it is fixed, will not generate and be moved and pullled by drainage bottle The case where drainage tube;Drainage tube is directly to be connected to drainage bottle by patient legs, and drainage tube is not exposed at the external world, therefore can be with It avoids drainage tube from being extruded and deforms or bend, so that the drainage effect of drainage tube is protected, by present techniques side Case can be such that drainage treatment more goes on smoothly.
2. can use in a variety of occasions: the fixation device in compared with the prior art is only capable of using in hospital, this programme In, it when supporting mechanism is accommodated in accommodating groove, can be used on hospital bed, when opening supporting framework, support machine Structure can provide support for bottom plate and arc-shaped cover etc., convenient to provide support in field or field operation emergency aid and treatment for patient, thus Go on smoothly drainage.
3. easy to operate: since patient legs are to be fixed in arc-shaped cavity, and arc-shaped cavity is by above and below bottom plate and arc-shaped cover It stacks to be formed, when needing immobilized patients leg, patient legs need to be only placed on, then consolidate arc-shaped cover and bottom plate It is fixed, make patient legs between bottom plate and arc-shaped cover, it is the very simple that is fixed up, feasible.
4. leg knee joint bending can be effectively prevent: consolidating since both arc-shaped cover and bottom plate are combined to patient legs It is fixed, so that the knee joint of patient legs can not be arbitrarily bent after being fixed, to avoid the insertion kneed drainage tube of patient There is a situation where deviate from due to patient's flexed knee.
Further, the side of arc-shaped cover and bottom plate rotation connection, the other side of arc-shaped cover and bottom plate are detachably connected.
The side of arc-shaped cover and bottom plate rotation connection, the other side of arc-shaped cover and bottom plate are detachably connected, are needing to fix When patient legs, patient legs need to be only placed on, then rotate arc-shaped cover, close arc the cover on patient's leg, Arc-shaped cover is fixedly connected with bottom plate simultaneously, to make relatively fixed between arc-shaped cover, bottom plate and patient legs, guarantee arc-shaped cover Position is relatively fixed between the fixed drainage bottle in outside and patient legs, easy to operate, quick.
Further, the bottom of bottom plate is provided with sliding slot, and slide plate is slidably connected in sliding slot, and the side of bottom plate is equipped with for fixing The lockable mechanism of slide plate.
Support is provided for leg compared to one piece of bottom plate is only used only, since floor length is fixed, and different patient legs Length is different, in the present solution, more preferably, it is connected with one slide-plate in the basal sliding of bottom plate, it in use, can be by slide plate part It skids off sliding slot and obtains suitable length, then fixed the relative position of slide plate and bottom plate using lockable mechanism, at this time slide plate Support is provided for patient legs with bottom plate collective effect, to meet the needs of different patients.
Further, supporting mechanism includes four shafts and four movable axis, and every shaft connects with a movable axis activity It connects;Four shafts are rotationally connected with four angles of bottom base plate, and the escape groove of evacuation shaft is provided on slide plate.
Four angles that four shafts are rotationally connected with bottom base plate only need rotating shaft when needing using supporting mechanism It is at vertical state, shaft and movable axis provide a supporting role bottom plate;Every shaft is living with a movable axis simultaneously Dynamic connection adjusts movable axis and is connected with the rotating shaft relative position, and the length after making shaft and activity axis connection changes, thus Keep shaft and the height of movable axis support baseboard adjustable, convenient for different patients at the different topographies in field can use shaft with Movable axis is supported;It is provided with escape groove on slide plate, prevents shaft storage process middle slide plate from generating interference to shaft.
Further, shaft is provided with blind hole along its axial direction, internal screw thread is provided on blind hole inner wall, being provided on the outer wall of movable axis can The external screw thread engaged with internal screw thread in blind hole.
Shaft and movable axis are threadedly coupled, when needing to adjust shaft and movable axis, it is only necessary to make shaft and opposite turn of movable axis It is dynamic, the adjusting of height can be realized, using threaded connection, structure is simple and convenient to operate, and is occupied convenient for reducing shaft and movable axis Space enables shaft and movable axis to be quickly and easily received into accommodating groove.
Further, the angle between the inner wall contacted when can rotate with shaft in accommodating groove and storage groove bottom is 110- 130°。
The angle of shaft opening is limited compared to additional position-limit mechanism is used, it is necessary to increase additional block piece and Locating part is limited and is fixed to open shaft, so that structure is complicated, inconvenient.In the present solution, since shaft is It is rotatably connected on the bottom of bottom plate, and shaft is to be located in accommodating groove, therefore shaft is during rotation, is turned along a direction It is that can be rotated into accommodating groove when dynamic, and when rotating along opposite direction, shaft produces accommodating groove, if edge always Opposite direction rotation, shaft eventually contacted with the side wall of accommodating groove, by what is contacted when can be rotated with shaft in accommodating groove Angle between inner wall and storage groove bottom is 110-130 °, so that the inner wall is inclined relative to the bottom surface of accommodating groove, After shaft, which is turned to, to be contacted with the inner wall, four shafts can be divided into two turns comprising rotation direction in parallel in two groups, every group Axis, and two shafts in every group of shaft are in splayed, after all shafts are opened, in conjunction with the support of inclined inner wall and four Root shaft opening state allows shaft self-locking when bearing external force, and shaft is made to realize supporting role.
Further, there is wedge angle in the bottom end of movable axis.
In field in use, shaft and movable axis are in opening state, there is wedge angle in the bottom end of movable axis, make activity The low bottom end of axis can be plugged into bottom surface, under the fixation of movable axis bottom end wedge angle and accommodating groove tilt internal wall collective effect, movable axis It is more firm with shaft, so that shaft and movable axis is provided bottom plate stable support.
Further, lockable mechanism includes that fixed block, baffle, bolt and elastic recovery part, fixed block are fixedly connected on bottom plate Side wall, fixed block is provided with the slide opening for bolt sliding, and baffle is fixedly connected on bolt, and dynamic clamping head and quiet clamping head is sheathed on bolt And between baffle and fixed block.
Since dynamic clamping head and quiet clamping head is between baffle and fixed block, when pulling out bolt, dynamic clamping head and quiet clamping head is compressed, After pulling force of the release to bolt, bolt resets under the elastic force effect of dynamic clamping head and quiet clamping head.Since fixed block is stationarily connected to The side of bottom plate, and the side of slide plate is equipped with several matching holes that can cooperate with bolt along its side directions, therefore slide plate is in cunning When sliding in slot, bolt be can be inserted in the matching hole of slide plate side, so that slide plate be fixed, is inserted into using bolt different Matching hole, the distance for making slide plate skid off sliding slot change, and change the length that slide plate stretches out sliding slot to realize, to meet different patients Use need.
Further, the copper sheet of arc is fixedly connected in arc-shaped cover, the inner wall formation of copper sheet and arc-shaped cover can accommodate ice bag Accommodating chamber.
It is fixedly connected with copper sheet in arc-shaped cover, and makes to form holding tank between copper sheet and arc-shaped cover inner wall, in clinical treatment In, ice bag is put into holding tank, when arc the cover is on patient's leg, arc case temperature reduces and realizes ice compress and grasp Make, since copper sheet itself has certain bending resistance and the good capacity of heat transmission, support is played to the ice bag in holding tank and is made With ice bag can be effectively prevent to be pressed onto the knee joint of patient, there is protective effect to patient's knee joint, while can also quickly make arc Cavity temperature decline, to reduce the feeling of pain of patient.
Further, the bottom surface of bottom plate is rotatably connected to the baffle that can stop shaft disengaging accommodating groove.
The bottom surface of bottom plate is rotatably connected to the baffle that can stop shaft disengaging accommodating groove, after baffle is arranged, uses in hospital bed When state, shaft and movable axis etc. are received into accommodating groove, then flap shutter, shaft are made to push down shaft, prevent shaft and Movable axis falls out accommodating groove and influences device and use on one's sick bed;When need in field in use, flap shutter, makes baffle pair The barrier effect of shaft disappears, convenient and simple for operation convenient for quickly opening shaft and movable axis.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram that Installation practice one is used in leg drainage of the invention.
The position Fig. 2 leg drainage of the invention elevational schematic view of Installation practice one.
Fig. 3 is A partial enlarged view in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the cross-sectional view in Fig. 1 along B-B.
Fig. 5 is drainage a kind of schematic diagram of arc-shaped cover opening state of Installation practice in leg of the invention.
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram that Installation practice two is used in leg drainage of the invention.
Fig. 7 is the cross-sectional view in Fig. 6 along C-C.
Specific embodiment
It is further described below by specific embodiment:
Appended drawing reference in Figure of description includes: bottom plate 1, arc-shaped cover 2, arc-shaped cavity 3, card slot 4, drainage bottle 5, elastic webbing 6,7 are linked up with, holds extension portion 8, slide plate 9, matching hole 10, fixed block 11, baffle 12, bolt 13, compressed spring 14, copper sheet 15, cover board 16, accommodating chamber 17, drainage tube 18, accommodating groove 19, shaft 20, movable axis 21, contact wall 22, wedge angle 23, baffle 24.
Embodiment one
Embodiment one substantially as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, leg drainage device, including bottom plate 1 and be set to The arc-shaped cover 2 of 1 top of bottom plate, forms the arc-shaped cavity 3 that can accommodate patient legs between arc-shaped cover 2 and bottom plate 1.
Referring to figure 1 and figure 5, the rear side of arc-shaped cover 2 is rotatablely connected by the rear side sidewall of hinge and bottom plate 1, works as arc Shape cover 2 turns to the front side of arc-shaped cover 2 and when 1 upper surface of bottom plate contacts, and connects using screw by arc-shaped cover 2 and bottom plate 1 are fixed It picks up and, so that arc-shaped cover 2 and the position of bottom plate 1 be made to fix, arc-shaped cover 2 can not be rotated further by.
As shown in Figure 1, the outside of arc-shaped cover 2 is provided with card slot 4, drainage bottle 5 can be placed in card slot 4, in the present embodiment, drainage Bottle 5 is cylindric, therefore card slot 4 can be square shape, and in existing drainage bottle 5, and the shape of drainage bottle 5 includes but unlimited In cylindrical shape, it is also possible to be spherical, plate-like or other shapes, therefore accordingly, card slot 4 can be to match with drainage bottle 5 Shape, so that drainage bottle 5 is firmly put into card slot 4, meanwhile, be pasted with rubber pad in the inner wall of card slot 4 and (do not drawn in figure Out), rubber pad simultaneously, also has certain elasticity with good wear-resisting property, when drainage bottle 5 is placed into card slot 4, Rubber pad can generate absorption and fixed function to drainage bottle 5 because being squeezed, and can effectively prevent drainage bottle 5 and skid off card slot 4.In conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the bottom of bottom plate 1 are provided with T-type sliding slot, slide laterally in sliding slot and are connected with slide plate 9, and the front and rear sides of slide plate 9 is equal It is provided with matching hole 10.In conjunction with Fig. 3, the front and rear sides of 1 right-hand end of bottom plate is equipped with lockable mechanism, and lockable mechanism includes fixing Block 11, baffle 12, bolt 13 and dynamic clamping head and quiet clamping head, in the present embodiment, dynamic clamping head and quiet clamping head preferred compressed spring 14, fixed block 11 is in L-type and fixed block 11 is fixedly connected by screw with the side wall of bottom plate 1, is provided with through-hole in fixed plate;Bolt 13 is in two sections of ladders The stepped shaft end of shaft-like, small diameter can be inserted into the matching hole 10 of slide plate 9, and the stepped shaft end of small diameter passes through fixed plate Compressed spring 14 is arranged after through-hole on this section of axis, baffle 12 is then welded on this section of multi-diameter shaft again, makes compressed spring 14 Between fixed block 11 and baffle 12, the distance between multi-diameter shaft end of baffle 12 and small diameter is 5mm, make bolt 13 compared with Smaller diameter end can be inserted into matching hole 10, thus slide plate 9 is fixed, slide laterally it can not in sliding slot.
In conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 4, the copper sheet 15 of arc is welded in arc-shaped cover 2, the arranged on left and right sides of arc-shaped cover 2 passes through screw Be fixedly connected with cover board 16, form accommodating chamber 17 there are gap between cover board 16, copper sheet 15 and the inner wall of arc-shaped cover 2, into When row drainage treatment, ice bag can be placed in accommodating chamber 17, ice bag is operated for ice compress, reduces the feeling of pain of patient, due to copper Plate 15 has certain ability of anti-deformation, therefore in accommodating chamber 17 after placement ice bag, copper sheet 15 can bear ice bag weight, anti-stagnant ice Bag is pressed in patient's knee joint and influences post-operative recovery, while copper sheet 15 keeps apart patient's knee joint and ice bag, prevents ice bag from melting Patient's knee joint is soaked after change and adverse effect is caused to patient.
In conjunction with Fig. 2 and Fig. 4, the bottom of bottom plate 1 is provided with accommodating groove 19, is equipped with supporting mechanism, supporting mechanism in accommodating groove 19 Including four shafts 20 and four movable axis 21, four shafts 20 are located at four angles of 1 bottom of bottom plate, one end of every shaft 20 It is flexibly connected by pin shaft fit system with the rotation connection of 19 bottom surface of accommodating groove, the other end with movable axis 21, passes through rotating shaft 20 make it leave accommodating groove 19, and shaft 20 and movable axis 21 can provide support for bottom plate 1, make when field carries out emergent management, Using 21 support baseboard 1 of shaft 20 and movable axis, drainage procedure can also be carried out on bottom plate 1.In the present embodiment, 20 He of shaft Movable axis 21 is realized by thread fiting mode and is flexibly connected, and is provided with internal screw thread in shaft 20, be provided on movable axis 21 can with turn The external screw thread of 20 internal screw thread of axis engagement, adjusts 21 shape of shaft 20 and movable axis by the way that movable axis 21 to be screwed in the size of shaft 20 At bearing length.
During 20 rotating opening of shaft, shaft 20 can be contacted with one of inner wall of accommodating groove 19 and (referred to hereinafter as be connect Touch wall 22), the angle between 19 bottom surface of contact wall 22 and accommodating groove is 120 °, is contacted when shaft 20 is turned to contact wall 22 When, two shafts 20 close to 1 front side of bottom plate are in splayed, and two shafts 20 close to 1 rear side of bottom plate are also in splayed, at this time Shaft 20 is in the open state, if bottom plate 1, arc-shaped cover 2, shaft 20 and movable axis 21 etc. are placed on the ground, due to close Two shafts 20 of the rear side of bottom plate 1 or two shafts 20 close to 1 front side of bottom plate are in splayed, when to bottom plate 1 apply to Under active force when, shaft 20 and movable axis 21 cooperate in pin shaft, are automatically locked under contact wall 22 and ground collective effect, make to turn Axis 20 and movable axis 21 are that bottom plate 1 provides stable support.At the same time, there is wedge angle 23 in the free end of movable axis 21, when Field enables movable axis 21 to be that bottom plate 1 provides more stable in use, the wedge angle 23 of movable axis 21 can be rapidly inserted into bottom surface Support.
As shown in Fig. 2, be provided with escape groove on slide plate 9, when anti-limited slip plate 9 slides in sliding slot with shaft 20 or movable axis 21 interfere.The bottom surface of bottom plate 1 is rotatably connected to baffle 24, and baffle 24 is in long strip, and one end end of baffle 24 passes through axis Hole cooperation rotate baffle 24 can in the horizontal direction, and baffle 24 can be turned in 20 rotary motion trace of shaft, so that shaft 20 turns It moves interrupted.
Specific implementation process is as follows:
It when needing to carry out drainage treatment, performs the operation first, patient's knee joint and the drainage tube 18 of drainage bottle 5 is connected Get up, then open arc-shaped cover 2, patient legs are placed on to the upper surface of bottom plate 1, lid closes arc-shaped cover 2, patient legs is made to be located at arc In shape chamber 3, then arc-shaped cover 2 and bottom plate 1 are fixed to each other, the mutual alignment for completing patient legs and drainage bottle 5 at this time is solid Fixed, if bottom plate 1 is improper apart from ground level, adjustable movable axis 21 screws in the depth of shaft 20, makes 21 He of movable axis The length of fit of shaft 20 changes, to achieve the purpose that adjust height between bottom plate 1 and ground;Then according to patient legs' length Adjusting slider 9 skids off the distance of sliding slot, finally using bolt 13 that slide plate 9 is fixed, and ice bag then is added in accommodating chamber 17 again, Patient legs are stood, drainage procedure is gone on smoothly.It is divided into two kinds of use environments below:
1. in clinical use:
Shaft 20 and movable axis 21 are turned in accommodating groove 19, then flap shutter 24, baffle 24 is made to hinder shaft 20 It is rotated with movable axis 21, shaft 20 and movable axis 21 are limited in accommodating groove 19 under the inhibition of baffle 24, at this time may be used Bottom plate 1 is directly placed on hospital bed and is used.
2. outer field operation state emergency aid and treatment out of office uses:
Outer field operation state out of office is in use, need using shaft 20 and movable axis 21 to be that bottom plate 1 provides support, at this point, only Flap shutter 24 is needed, so that baffle 24 is disappeared the inhibition of shaft 20, then rotates down shaft 20,20 drive activity of shaft Axis 21 is rotated around the bottom surface of accommodating groove 19, when shaft 20, which is turned to, to be contacted with contact wall 22, is stopped shaft 20 and is rotated, then will The wedge angle 23 of movable axis 21 is inserted into bottom surface, at this point, shaft 20 and movable axis 21 provide bottom plate 1 stable branch because self-locking Support, it is convenient also to can be carried out drainage procedure in the field state of emergency.
Embodiment two
Embodiment two and the difference of embodiment one are: the movable connection method of shaft 20 and movable axis 21 is shaft 20 It is interior to be provided with through-hole along its axial direction, the threaded hole being connected to through-hole is provided on the outer wall of shaft 20, movable axis 21 can be plugged into shaft In 20 through-hole, when in the through-hole that movable axis 21 is inserted into shaft 20, stop screw is locked by the threaded hole of shaft 20, from And the relative position of shaft 20 and movable axis 21 is fixed;When needing to adjust the relative position of shaft 20 and movable axis 21, pine Stop screw is opened, stop screw is locked again after adjusting the position of shaft 20 and movable axis 21, height adjustment can be completed.Together When, as shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, the front side of card slot 4 is fixed by screws flexible band 6, and the free end of elastic webbing 6 passes through pressure Conjunction is fixedly connected with hook 7, and the rear side of card slot 4, which has been fixed by screws, holds extension portion 8, and hook 7 is affiliated on holding extension portion 8 When, drainage bottle 5 can be pressed in card slot 4 by elastic webbing 6, in field or field operation state in use, due to frequently being shifted to patient, The case where elastic webbing 6 can prevent drainage bottle 5 from being skidded off by card slot 4, goes on smoothly drainage treatment.
What has been described above is only an embodiment of the present invention, and the common sense such as well known specific structure or characteristic are not made herein in scheme Excessive description.It, without departing from the structure of the invention, can be with it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art Several modifications and improvements are made, these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these all will not influence what the present invention was implemented Effect and patent practicability.The scope of protection required by this application should be based on the content of the claims, in specification The records such as specific embodiment can be used for explaining the content of claim.

Claims (10)

1. leg drainage device, it is characterised in that: the arc-shaped cover including bottom plate He the side of being set on the bottom plate, the bottom plate and arc The arc-shaped cavity that can accommodate patient legs is formed between cover;The card slot for fixing drainage bottle is provided on the outside of the arc-shaped cover;Institute The bottom for stating bottom plate is provided with accommodating groove, and the bottom base plate is equipped with the supporting mechanism that can be accommodated in accommodating groove.
2. drainage device in leg according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the side of the arc-shaped cover and bottom plate rotation Connection, the other side of arc-shaped cover and bottom plate are detachably connected.
3. drainage device in leg according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the bottom of the bottom plate is provided with sliding slot, institute It states and slidably connects slide plate in sliding slot, the side of the bottom plate is equipped with the lockable mechanism for fixed glides.
4. leg according to claim 3 drainage device, it is characterised in that: the supporting mechanism include four shafts and Four movable axis, every shaft are flexibly connected with a movable axis;Four shafts are rotationally connected with four angles of bottom base plate, The escape groove of evacuation shaft is provided on slide plate.
5. drainage device in leg according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the shaft is provided with blind hole along its axial direction, It is provided with internal screw thread on blind hole inner wall, the external screw thread that can be engaged with internal screw thread in blind hole is provided on the outer wall of the movable axis.
6. drainage device in leg according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: when can be rotated with shaft in the accommodating groove Angle between the inner wall and storage groove bottom of contact is 110-130 °.
7. drainage device in leg according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: there is wedge angle in the bottom end of the movable axis.
8. drainage device in leg according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the lockable mechanism includes fixed block, gear Piece, bolt and elastic recovery part, the fixed block are fixedly connected on the side wall of bottom plate, and the fixed block is provided with for bolt sliding Slide opening, the baffle are fixedly connected on bolt, the dynamic clamping head and quiet clamping head be sheathed on bolt and be located at baffle and fixed block it Between, the side of the slide plate is equipped with several matching holes that can cooperate with bolt along its side directions.
9. drainage device in leg according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: be fixedly connected with arc in the arc-shaped cover Copper sheet, the inner wall of the copper sheet and arc-shaped cover forms the accommodating chamber that can accommodate ice bag.
10. according to drainage device in leg described in claim 4-8 any one, it is characterised in that: the bottom surface of the bottom plate It is rotatably connected to the baffle that can stop shaft disengaging accommodating groove.
CN201910468640.8A 2019-05-31 2019-05-31 Leg drainage device Active CN110064080B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111939044A (en) * 2020-08-21 2020-11-17 河南科技大学第一附属医院 Limbs trauma debridement device suitable for outdoor first aid
CN111991639A (en) * 2020-08-21 2020-11-27 河南科技大学第一附属医院 Medical wound purger of closed shank traumatism
CN112933307A (en) * 2021-02-02 2021-06-11 西安交通大学医学院第一附属医院 Device for containing drainage bottle

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TWM409839U (en) * 2010-12-02 2011-08-21 Nat Taichung Nursing College Portable drainage bag
US20170281446A1 (en) * 2012-02-13 2017-10-05 Bone Foam Inc. Extremity support and irrigation device and method of use
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CN206434508U (en) * 2016-10-11 2017-08-25 南通市第二人民医院 A kind of sick bed fixing device for drainage bottle
CN206548892U (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-10-13 西安交通大学医学院第一附属医院 A kind of cardiothoracic surgery drainage system
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CN207383618U (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-05-22 张艳桥 A kind of knee prosthesis is postoperative to use Multifunctional patient trousers
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CN111991639A (en) * 2020-08-21 2020-11-27 河南科技大学第一附属医院 Medical wound purger of closed shank traumatism
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CN111939044B (en) * 2020-08-21 2022-04-15 河南科技大学第一附属医院 Limbs trauma debridement device suitable for outdoor first aid
CN112933307A (en) * 2021-02-02 2021-06-11 西安交通大学医学院第一附属医院 Device for containing drainage bottle

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