CN109952473A - Air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle and with its air-conditioning equipment - Google Patents

Air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle and with its air-conditioning equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109952473A
CN109952473A CN201880003882.3A CN201880003882A CN109952473A CN 109952473 A CN109952473 A CN 109952473A CN 201880003882 A CN201880003882 A CN 201880003882A CN 109952473 A CN109952473 A CN 109952473A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
air purifier
humidifier
steam condensation
cooling device
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Pending
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CN201880003882.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹连国
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曹连国
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Priority to CN2017111010782 priority Critical
Priority to CN201711101078.2A priority patent/CN107702225B/en
Application filed by 曹连国 filed Critical 曹连国
Priority to PCT/CN2018/114536 priority patent/WO2019091422A1/en
Publication of CN109952473A publication Critical patent/CN109952473A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/16Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by purification, e.g. by filtering; by sterilisation; by ozonisation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/70Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof
    • F24F11/80Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the temperature of the supplied air
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/30Arrangement or mounting of heat-exchangers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/14Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/28Arrangement or mounting of filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F6/00Air-humidification, e.g. cooling by humidification
    • F24F2006/008Air-humidifier with water reservoir
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2110/00Control inputs relating to air properties
    • F24F2110/10Temperature
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2110/00Control inputs relating to air properties
    • F24F2110/20Humidity
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2221/00Details or features not otherwise provided for
    • F24F2221/34Heater, e.g. gas burner, electric air heater
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/117Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering using wet filtering
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/15Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by chemical means
    • F24F8/158Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by chemical means using active carbon
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters

Abstract

A kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle and with its air-conditioning equipment, clarifier includes blower device (4), humidifier (1), cooling device (2) and heating device (3), humidifier (1), cooling device (2) is connected into air communication channel with heating device (3), under the action of blower device (4), air to be clean is flowed into from the entrance of air communication channel, steam in air is condensed into drop and/or solid particle to the cold at cooling device (2) and adsorbs the pollutant in air in condensation process, pollutant is separated from air to be clean under the effect of gravity with the drop and/or solid particle that are formed after steam condensation, heating device (3) is for heating air, so as to meet preset temperature threshold from the air of the outlet discharge of air communication channel.

Description

Air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle and with its air-conditioning equipment Technical field
The invention belongs to air purification field more particularly to a kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle and with its air-conditioning equipment.
Background technique
Human body is not located at all the time in the encirclement of air, and the quality of air is most important to the comfort level and health of human body, can meet cleanliness simultaneously, the air of three indexs of temperature and humidity is only optimum human body.
Cleanliness refers to the contaminated degree of air, and the pollutant in air covers solid-liquid-gas three phase substance;Solid particulate matter pollutant has TSP, PM10, PM2.5 etc.;Gas pollutant has sulfur dioxide, nitride, ozone, ammonia, formaldehyde etc.;If these pollutants do not remove, the health of human body will seriously affect.
The aerial humidity of steam is divided into absolute humidity, saturated humidity and relative humidity.Absolute humidity refers to the actual numerical value in the air of unit volume containing propylene weight;Saturated humidity refers under conditions of certain air pressure and certain temperature, can be containing the limiting figure of steam in the air of unit volume;Relative humidity refers to that the ratio between absolute humidity and steam content under the filament saturation state are expressed with percentage.Experiment shows that human body sensory is the most comfortable when the relative humidity of water vapour is 50%~60%, is also not easy to cause disease.The humidity of water vapor in air is excessive or too small, is all harmful to human health.
When air is contaminated, the method for the purification air that family uses at present mainly uses activated carbon adsorption pollutant;Its absorption principle is that the porous structure of active carbon provides a large amount of surface area, to make it have the ability for absorbing and collecting impurity;And there are many disadvantages for the method, are summarized as follows:
1. activated carbon adsorptive capacity is limited, the ability of purification air is just lost after adsorption saturation, needing replacing active carbon could continue to purify air;
2. the active carbon after saturation is dropped rear and becomes new pollutant, secondary pollution is caused to environment;
3. humidity regulation cannot be carried out to air;
4. temperature adjusting cannot be carried out to air.
On the other hand, a kind of indoor pollution improvement purification techniques (patent No. ZL201610226248.9) is disclosed in the prior art, disclose seven steps for administering purification, convective wind pressure-vaccum is carried out to air to be clean including after cooling, then the particulate matter in air to be clean is easy to be attached on the water vapour of condensation, as outdoor is discharged in convective wind together, it can be seen that, it must could work under the premise of outdoor air communicates indoors, then in the presence of at least following two aspect defects: first, since the air of indoor and outdoor communicates, it is difficult to prevent outdoor pollution air from merging with indoor air, room air is caused to be contaminated again, lose the meaning for administering purification indoor pollution;The second, since the air of indoor and outdoor communicates, the humidity and temperature of room air are constantly influenced by outdoor air, and the humidity of room air and temperature is caused to be difficult to effectively be adjusted to ideal value.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle and with its air-conditioning equipment, replace in the prior art with the equipment of activated carbon adsorption air pollutants, it also has the function that temperature adjusting and humidity regulation are carried out to air simultaneously, human body is movable or other have the cleanliness and temperature of air, humidity in the place of particular requirement, such as family, office and car steering room etc. can be suitble to directly apply to.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the technical solution adopted by the present invention are as follows:
On the one hand, the present invention provides a kind of air purifiers based on steam condensation adsorption principle, including blower device, humidifier, cooling device and heating device;Wherein, the humidifier is used to increase the content of steam in air, the cooling device for reducing air temperature;
The humidifier, cooling device is connected to form an air communication channel with heating device, under the action of the blower device, air to be clean is flowed into from the entrance of the air communication channel, steam in air condenses to the cold at cooling device and adsorbs the pollutant in air, the drop and/or solid particle that the pollutant is formed with steam condensation are dripped from air to be clean under the effect of gravity and are removed from air to be clean, the heating device is for heating air, so as to meet preset temperature threshold from the air of the outlet discharge of the air communication channel.
Preferably, the humidifier includes liquid storage device, booster pump and atomizer;Wherein, the liquid storage device is for storing liquid, and the booster pump is for making the liquid in the liquid storage device flow to the atomizer with preset pressure threshold;The atomizer is for making liquid be mist sprayed out;
The liquid storage device, booster pump and atomizer are linked in sequence by pipeline.
Optionally, the humidifier includes liquid storage container, supersonic generator and concussion piece;Wherein, the concussion piece is placed in the liquid storage container, and the supersonic generator is used to provide high frequency oscillation frequency to the concussion piece, and the liquid being stored in the liquid storage container is atomized into steam.
Optionally, the cooling device is the refrigerant evaporator in air-conditioning system.
Optionally, the cooling device includes the pipeline for being connected with cold air.
Optionally, the heating device is heating wire.
Optionally, the heating device is the refrigerant condenser in air-conditioning system.
Further, the accommodating container of the drop and/or solid particle for accepting steam condensation formation is additionally provided in the air purifier, alternatively, the air purifier is additionally provided with the drop for forming steam condensation and/or the drain outlet of solid particle discharge.
Further, the liquid in the humidifier is water, saline solution, alkaline aqueous solution or acidic aqueous solution.
Preferably, the humidifier, cooling device and heating device are linked in sequence, and the humidifier is close to the entrance of the air communication channel, and the heating device is close to the outlet of the air communication channel.
Optionally, the heating device, humidifier and cooling device are linked in sequence, and the heating device is close to the entrance of the air communication channel, and the cooling device is close to the outlet of the air communication channel.
Optionally, the cooling device, humidifier and heating device are linked in sequence, and the cooling device is close to the entrance of the air communication channel, and the heating device is close to the outlet of the air communication channel.
Further, the temperature sensor for being additionally provided with controller in the air purifier and being electrically connected with the controller, the temperature sensor is used to detect the temperature in the exit of the air communication channel, and the controller adjusts the heating temperature of the heating device according to the testing result of temperature sensor.
Further, the humidity sensor for being additionally provided with controller in the air purifier and being electrically connected with the controller, the humidity sensor is used to detect the humidity at the humidifier, and the controller adjusts the humidification degree of the humidifier according to the testing result of humidity sensor.
Further, secondary heating mechanism is additionally provided in the air purifier, the secondary heating mechanism is arranged at the humidifier, for improving the saturated humidity of steam at the humidifier.
Further, the air purifier further includes controller and the air pollutants detection device connecting with the controller, the air pollutants detection device is used to detect the pollutant concentration in air, the controller adjusts the heating temperature of the secondary heating mechanism according to the testing result of the air pollutants detection device, and/or closes the air purifier.
On the other hand, the present invention provides a kind of air-conditioning equipments, including a kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle as described above, the air-conditioning equipment includes evaporator and at least two condensers, one condenser is arranged in outdoor, indoors and the heating device as the air purifier, the evaporator setting is indoors and the cooling device as the air purifier for the setting of at least one condenser.
Further, reversal valve is equipped in the air-conditioning equipment, the refrigerant in the reversal valve control air-conditioning duct circulates one of in the following manner:
Under pure refrigeration mode, the refrigerant is not passed through the condenser of setting indoors;Alternatively,
Under pure air purification pattern, the refrigerant, which is not passed through, is arranged in outdoor condenser;Alternatively,
Freeze under simultaneous air purification mode, the refrigerant flows through in proportion is arranged in the condenser of outdoor condenser and setting indoors.
The invention discloses a kind of air purifiers based on steam condensation adsorption principle, by realizing that the purification of air, temperature and humidity adjust triple functions to air wetting, drop three steps of mild heat.It is to increase the content of steam in air to air wetting;It is to reduce the principle and process that are condensed into small water droplet or solid particle with vapor (steam) temperature to air cooling-down, the solid-state in air, liquid, gaseous pollutant is removed from air, achievees the purpose that purify air;It is to adjust the temperature and relative humidity of air to air heating;It is final to realize the purpose for making three cleanliness of air, temperature and humidity indexs be attained by optimum state, purified air can directly apply to that human body is movable or other have the place of particular requirement to the cleanliness and temperature of air, humidity, for example it in family, office and car steering room etc., has the following beneficial effects:
1. novel in design compared with prior art, working service is convenient, and use cost is cheap, without secondary pollution;
2. the clean-up effect of pair air is greatly improved;
3. pair contaminated air purifies, also have the function of adjusting the temperature and humidity of air.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram for the air purifier that the embodiment of the present invention 1 provides;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram for the air purifier that the embodiment of the present invention 2 provides;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram for the air purifier that the embodiment of the present invention 3 provides;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram for the cooling device that the embodiment of the present invention 4 provides;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram for the heating device that the embodiment of the present invention 4 provides;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram for the air-conditioning equipment that the embodiment of the present invention 5 provides;
Arrow direction in Fig. 1 to 6 is air-flow direction.
Wherein, appended drawing reference includes: 1- humidifier, 11- liquid storage device, 12- booster pump, 13- atomizer, 2- cooling device, refrigerant evaporator in 21- air-conditioning system, the refrigerant line of 22- air-conditioning system, 23- air-conditioning system, 24- pollutes air pipe line, 25- natural cold air blower device, 26- cold-air duct, 3- heating device, 31- heating wire, the refrigerant condenser in 32- air-conditioning system, 4- blower device.
Specific embodiment
The technical solution in implementation method of the present invention and embodiment will be clearly and completely described below, it is clear that the described embodiments are merely a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiment obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
A kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle of the present invention, air is purified, temperature and humidity adjust when need to air wetting, to air cooling-down and to air heat three process, the order of action to a kind of preferred embodiment of this three process is: to air wetting-to air cooling-down-to air heat;It is obvious that it is described to air wetting, to air cooling-down and to air heating three process in a particular embodiment order change after; still it can play the role of purifying air, carry out humidity and temperature adjusting to air, also belong to the scope of protection of the invention.There are following several embodiments for the specific structure of the air purifier:
Embodiment 1
In one embodiment of the invention, as shown in Figure 1, the air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle includes humidifier 1, cooling device 2, heating device 3 and blower device 4;Wherein, the humidifier 1 is used to increase the content of steam in air;The cooling device 2 for reducing air temperature;The heating device 3 is for heating air, to improve the temperature of air;The humidifier 1, the fluid communication that the cooling device 2 and the heating device 3 pass through air becomes an entirety, specifically: the humidifier 1, cooling device 2 and 3 sequential communication of heating device form an air communication channel, the entrance of the humidifier 1 is the entrance of air communication channel, the outlet of the heating device 3 is the outlet of air communication channel, under the action of blower device 4, air to be clean is flowed into from the entrance of the air communication channel, steam in air is condensed into drop and/or solid particle to the cold at cooling device 2 and adsorbs the pollutant in air during condensation, the drop and/or solid particle that the pollutant is formed with steam condensation are dripped from air to be clean under the effect of gravity and are removed from air to be clean, the heating device 3 for heating air, so as to meet preset temperature threshold from the air of the outlet discharge of the air communication channel.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the steam can be water vapour, or the steam of other liquid solutions, such as saline solution, alkaline aqueous solution or acidic aqueous solution, wherein, saline solution is adapted to subzero environment, and the detergent power to sour gas (such as sulfur dioxide gas) can be enhanced in alkaline aqueous solution, and the detergent power to alkaline gas (such as ammonia) can be enhanced in acidic aqueous solution.It is illustrated by taking water/water vapour as an example below:
In embodiments of the present invention, the humidifier 1 includes liquid storage device 11, booster pump 12 and atomizer 13, and referring to Fig. 1, the liquid storage device 11 is for storing water;The booster pump 12 is for making the water in the liquid storage device flow to the atomizer 13 with preset pressure threshold;The atomizer 13 is for being sprayed onto the water from the booster pump in air with mist;The liquid storage device 11, the booster pump 12 are connected with the atomizer 13 with water pipe.
Preferably, the cooling device 2 is the refrigerant evaporator 21 in air-conditioning system, and the heating device 3 is heating wire 31.
For the ease of collecting the drop and/or solid particle that condensation has pollutant, preferably, the accommodating container of the drop and/or solid particle for accepting steam condensation formation is additionally provided in the air purifier, it is preferably provided at the lower part at cooling device 2, the waste liquid in accommodating container is cleared up after concentrating a period of time in order to user.Alternatively, the air purifier is additionally provided with the drop for forming steam condensation and/or the drain outlet of solid particle discharge, the i.e. container without user's timing cleaning storage waste liquid.
In order to realize temperature control and humid control, controller and the temperature sensor being electrically connected with the controller, humidity sensor are additionally provided in the air purifier, the temperature sensor is used to detect the temperature in the exit of the air communication channel, the humidity sensor is used to detect the humidity at the humidifier, the controller adjusts the heating temperature of the heating device according to the testing result of temperature sensor, and the humidification degree of the humidifier is adjusted according to the testing result of humidity sensor.
It is higher based on temperature, the higher principle of water vapour saturation degree, i.e. temperature is higher, more aqueous solutions can evaporate to form water vapour, therefore, embodiment as one preferred is: secondary heating mechanism (not shown) is additionally provided in the air purifier, the secondary heating mechanism is arranged at the humidifier 1, for improving the saturated humidity of steam at the humidifier 1, bring has the beneficial effect that in this way: the saturation degree of steam at high temperature is high, the steam that can be accommodated in air is more, i.e. steam is intensive in unit volume, so that steam can condense out more drops or solid particle under the action of cooling device 2, wrap up and adsorb more pollutants, and finally more pollutants are removed from air within the unit time, improve purification efficiency.
Even if there is the pollutant of fraction not form drop with water vapour and air purifier is discharged, interior is returned to after a period of time, understand again this by blower device and suck air purifier, realize circulating purification.
Further, as preferred embodiment, the air purifier further includes the air pollutants detection device connecting with the controller, the air pollutants detection device is used to detect the pollutant concentration in air, specifically, (pollutant concentration in detection air purifier exit) can be set in air purifier in the air pollutants detection device, also it can be set outside the air purifier and (detect indoor pollutant concentration), if the testing result of pollutant concentration is undesirable (being more than concentration threshold), then the heating temperature of the secondary heating mechanism is turned up in the controller, it is preferred that tuning up the humidification degree of humidifier 1 simultaneously, increase steam condensation efficiency;If the testing result of the pollutant concentration keeps an ideal value whithin a period of time, then the controller closes the air purifier, the power supply of the humidifier 1, cooling device 2 and heating device 3 is cut off, power supply is referring to the anode (+) and cathode (-) symbol in Fig. 1.Preferably, the pollutant concentration in air can be detected using particle concentration detection device.
The working principle of air purifier provided by the invention based on steam condensation adsorption principle is as follows:
When needing to purify containing pollutants such as haze, nitride, sulfide and formaldehyde in air, under the drive of natural wind or blower device 4 is opened, humidifier 1, cooling device 2 and heating device 3 can be flowed through by blowing air;When air humidity is lower, humidifier sprinkling water mist is just opened into air, increases the content of moisture content (water vapour) in air, specifically includes and open booster pump 12, make water flow in the liquid storage device 11 to the atomizer 13;Atomizer 13 is sprayed onto the water from the booster pump 12 in air with mist;Increase the content of water in air;When air flows through cooling device 2, air and cooling device 2 will do it heat exchange, specially start air-conditioning system 23, the temperature reduction under refrigerant evaporation of refrigerant evaporator 21 in air-conditioning system, when air flows through the surface of the refrigerant evaporator 21 in air-conditioning system, refrigerant evaporator 21 in air and air-conditioning system will do it heat exchange, the temperature of air is reduced by the refrigerant evaporator 21 in the air-conditioning system of low temperature, when the temperature of water vapour is reduced to less than dew-point temperature or setting temperature under this condition, water vapour in air starts to liquefy and/or solidify, the water droplet and/or ice pellets for gradually becoming tiny are floating in air, small water droplet and small water droplet and/or biggish water droplet and/or ice pellets are further formed with colliding with each other for small ice pellets, water droplet and/or ice pellets continue to close in float And increase water droplet and/or ice pellets constantly, when water droplet and/or ice pellets increase to its gravity and can overcome the towing force of air, it will decline, be dripped from air;Cooled down in air by cooling device 2 (refrigerant evaporator 21 in air-conditioning system), when water vapour in air is condensed into water droplet and/or ice pellets because of cooling, minute solid particles pollutant in air can play the role of the nuclei of condensation just, both the condensation of water vapour had been accelerated, it is wrapping to minute solid particles pollutant in water droplet and/or ice pellets, as the separation of water droplet and/or ice pellets and air is able to remove from air;On the other hand, when the water recovery in air is water droplet and/or ice pellets, due to small water droplet and/or ice pellets substantial amounts, the sum of surface area also will be very huge;So big surface area can sufficiently adsorb each pollutant in air, to play the role of further purifying air, particularly with pollutants such as water-soluble nitride, sulfide and formaldehyde, it will be dissolved in the water after being wrapped up or being adsorbed by water droplet and thoroughly be removed from air;The humidification of humidifier 1 and the cooling effect of cooling device 2, complete the catharsis step 1: air jointly;Moisture content in air also reduces during water recovery and the separation from air, the cooling effect of cooling device 2 (refrigerant evaporator 21 in air-conditioning system) is while completing to air cleaning in this way, also complete to air humidity adjusting step 2: reducing air humidity, the humidity for avoiding humidification from making air is excessive, causes human body sense of discomfort or specific humidity requirement is not achieved;Air flows through after cooling device 2 cooled down, if temperature is lower than the temperature of temperature or certain particular requirement that human body sensory is suitable for, just heating device 3 (power supply for connecting heating wire 31) is opened, heating wire 31 starts to generate heat under the action of electric current, it is heated when air flows through heating wire 31, temperature increases, until temperature is increased to the temperature of the suitable temperature of human body sensory or a certain particular requirement;After air themperature increases, the saturated humidity value of air is along with raising, and the absolute humidity of air is kept constant in the process, the relative humidity of air is lowered with the raising of air themperature in this way, until air reaches the relative humidity of suitable human body or the relative humidity of a certain particular requirement, complete to air humidity adjusting step 3: regulation of relative humidity;Pass through the triple functions that above several steps realize the purified treatment to contaminated air, temperature and humidity is adjusted, through a kind of purified contaminated air of air purifier based on steam condensation absorption principle, requirement of the human body to air purity, humidity and temperature can be met simultaneously.
Embodiment 2
Unlike the first embodiment, in embodiments of the present invention, the humidifier 1, cooling device 2, the successive order of connection of heating device 3 is changed: as shown in Figure 2, the cooling device 2, humidifier 1 and heating device 3 are linked in sequence, the cooling device 2 close to the air communication channel entrance (entrance of the i.e. described cooling device 2 be the air communication channel entrance, and preferably connect with blower device 4), the heating device 3 is close to the outlet outlet of the air communication channel (outlet of the i.e. described heating device 3 be) of the air communication channel.
Embodiment 3
Unlike embodiment 1 and embodiment 2, in embodiments of the present invention, the humidifier 1, cooling device 2, the successive order of connection of heating device 3 is changed: as shown in Figure 3, the heating device 3, humidifier 1, cooling device 2 is linked in sequence, the heating device 3 close to the air communication channel entrance (entrance of the i.e. described heating device 3 be the air communication channel entrance, and preferably connect with blower device 4), the cooling device 2 is close to the outlet outlet of the air communication channel (outlet of the i.e. described cooling device 2 be) of the air communication channel.
Embodiment 2 and embodiment 3 be based on embodiment 1 humidifier 1, cooling device 2, heating device 3 the successive order of connection in terms of made adjustment, but it realizes that the principle of purification air is same as Example 1.
Embodiment 4
In another alternative embodiment of the invention, the humidifier 1 includes liquid storage container, supersonic generator and concussion piece;Wherein, the concussion piece is placed in the liquid storage container, and the supersonic generator is used to provide high frequency oscillation frequency to the concussion piece, and the liquid being stored in the liquid storage container is atomized into steam.
In the present embodiment, another implementable solution of cooling device 2 is additionally provided, as shown in figure 4, the cooling device 2 is the cold-air duct 26 for being connected with natural cold air.
When natural cold air is easier to acquisition and contaminated air temperature is higher, for example air themperature outdoor in winter is generally lower, and contaminated air is room air, and temperature is higher;Natural cold air, which is blown, with natural cold air blower device 25 enters natural cold air pipeline 26, the natural cold air pipeline 26 is made of thermally conductive preferable material, when pollution air is passed to along pollution air pipe line 24 with 26 appearance face contact of natural cold air pipeline, contaminated air generates heat exchange with natural cold air indirectly by 26 outer wall of natural cold air pipeline of low temperature, to realize the cooling effect of cooling device 2.
In the present embodiment, additionally provide another implementable solution of heating device 3, referring to Fig. 5, the heating device 3 is the refrigerant condenser 32 in air-conditioning system, it is connected between the refrigerant evaporator 21 in refrigerant condenser 32 and the air-conditioning system in the air-conditioning system by the refrigerant line 22 of air-conditioning system, it should be noted that the refrigerant condenser 32 is different from usually using situation, i.e., above-mentioned refrigerant condenser 32 is placed indoors or in the space of air cleaning.Air-conditioning system is at work, compressor can suck the gaseous refrigerant for the low-temp low-pressure that the refrigerant evaporator 21 from air-conditioning system comes out, and refrigerant is compressed, become the condition of high temperature to which the temperature and pressure of refrigerant increases due to by acting, refrigerant is admitted in air-conditioning system in refrigerant condenser 32 later, because of heat exchange action, the surface temperature of refrigerant condenser 32 in air-conditioning system is increased by the refrigerant heat of high temperature, by air that cooling device 2 cools down when flowing through 32 surface of refrigerant condenser in air-conditioning system, it is heated by the refrigerant condenser 32 in air-conditioning system, realize the heat effect of heating device 3;Refrigerant own temperature is lowered and liquefies simultaneously, becomes liquid.The advantages of embodiment is the characteristic for needing to distribute heat cooling using refrigerant, heats air with the heat that refrigerant distributes, efficiently uses to waste heat, has saved the energy;Meanwhile the air of low temperature is more advantageous to the heat dissipation of refrigerant, reduces the energy consumption of compressor of air conditioner, further saves the energy;Especially when the cooling device 2 is the refrigerant evaporator 21 in air-conditioning system, energy-saving effect is particularly evident.
It can be understood that; the deformable embodiment of humidifier 1, cooling device 2 and heating device 3 in the present embodiment can partly or entirely introduce embodiment 1, embodiment 2 or embodiment 3; to replace the embodiment of the humidifier 1 in former embodiment, cooling device 2 and heating device 3, the new embodiment that simple combination obtains should equally fall into the present invention claims protection scope among.
Embodiment 5
In one embodiment of the invention, provide a kind of new-type air-conditioning for combining above-mentioned air purifier function, compared with air-conditioning in the prior art, the difference is that including two or more condensers, at least one condenser is mounted on the indoor heating device for as the air purifier, the evaporator of the new-type air-conditioning is still arranged indoors, for the cooling device as the air purifier.
Working principle is as follows:
Under control of the control means, it is divided into three kinds of operating modes: pure refrigeration mode, pure air purification pattern and refrigeration and air cleaning mixed mode.
When under pure refrigeration mode, under the action of control device, refrigerant is not passed through the condenser of setting indoors, and the condenser being arranged indoors does not work, under this operating mode, the new-type air-conditioning freezes to room air according to the course of work of air-conditioning in the prior art.The advantages of this operating mode, is, when the cleanliness of room air reaches threshold requirements, the new-type air-conditioning closes air-cleaning function, is conducive to energy saving;
When working under pure air purification pattern, under the action of control device, refrigerant, which is not passed through, is arranged in outdoor condenser, and refrigerant only discharges heat in setting condenser indoors, air to be clean is heated while discharging heat, plays the role of heating device in the air purifier;Meanwhile refrigerant evaporates and absorbs heat when flowing to the evaporator of setting indoors, reduces the temperature for flowing through the air to be clean of the evaporator, plays the role of cooling device in the air purifier.The advantages of this operating mode is, the new-type air-conditioning is when starting air-cleaning function, the heat of the interior air to be clean of absorption is theoretically equal to be released to the heat of indoor air to be clean, the temperature of room air is not influenced generally, the temperature of room air is influenced when air-cleaning function being avoided to enable, it avoids to eliminate the case where this influence adds the additional power of additional equipment and consumption again, is conducive to save equipment cost and energy conservation.
When working under the simultaneous air cleaning mixed mode that freezes, refrigerant is assigned to outdoor condenser and indoor condenser in proportion by control device by the position of refrigerant release heat, it respectively corresponds in outdoor release heat and indoor release heat, in the heat of outdoor release, it is that the heat of room air of transfer has arrived outdoor, can generally there be cooling effect to room air, play the refrigeration of traditional air conditioner, the heat that refrigerant discharges indoors flows through the air to be clean of indoor condenser, plays the role of the heating device in the air purifier.The advantages of such operating mode is, influence using the new-type air-conditioning when opening air-cleaning function to indoor air temperature, it is influenced under the action of control device to advantageous direction, the dual function adjusted to the purification of room air and temperature is realized with most simplified equipment and minimum energy consumption.
In the embodiment of this air-conditioning equipment, outside refrigerant flow direction room condenser or indoor condenser or outdoor condenser and interior condenser are arrived by preset pro rate, reversal valve realization traffic organising (not shown) can be passed through, reversal valve is the common commutation device in air-conditioning equipment, and details are not described herein.
Although implementation method and mode of the invention are illustrated in specification, these embodiments are intended only as prompting, and should not limit protection scope of the present invention.It is all to utilize equivalent structure or equivalent flow shift made by description of the invention and accompanying drawing content, other relevant technical fields are applied directly or indirectly in, are included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (18)

  1. A kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle, which is characterized in that including blower device, humidifier, cooling device and heating device;Wherein, the humidifier is used to increase the content of steam in air, the cooling device for reducing air temperature;
    The humidifier, cooling device is connected to form air communication channel with heating device, under the action of the blower device, air to be clean is flowed into from the entrance of the air communication channel, steam in air condenses to the cold at cooling device and adsorbs the pollutant in air in condensation process, the drop and/or solid particle that the pollutant is formed with steam condensation are dripped from air to be clean under the effect of gravity and are removed from air to be clean, the heating device is for heating air, so as to meet preset temperature threshold from the air of the outlet discharge of the air communication channel.
  2. A kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the humidifier includes liquid storage device, booster pump and atomizer;Wherein, the liquid storage device is for storing liquid, and the booster pump is for making the liquid in the liquid storage device flow to the atomizer with preset pressure threshold;The atomizer is for making liquid be mist sprayed out;
    The liquid storage device, booster pump and atomizer are linked in sequence by pipeline.
  3. A kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the humidifier includes liquid storage container, supersonic generator and concussion piece;Wherein, the concussion piece is placed in the liquid storage container, and the supersonic generator is used to provide high frequency oscillation frequency to the concussion piece, and the liquid being stored in the liquid storage container is atomized into steam.
  4. A kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cooling device is the refrigerant evaporator in air-conditioning system.
  5. A kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cooling device includes the pipeline for being connected with cold air.
  6. A kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the heating device is heating wire.
  7. A kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the heating device is the refrigerant condenser in air-conditioning system.
  8. A kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the accommodating container of the drop and/or solid particle for accepting steam condensation formation is additionally provided in the air purifier, alternatively, the air purifier is additionally provided with the drop for forming steam condensation and/or the drain outlet of solid particle discharge.
  9. A kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the liquid in the humidifier is water, saline solution, alkaline aqueous solution or acidic aqueous solution.
  10. A kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle described in any one of -9 according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the humidifier, cooling device and heating device are linked in sequence, the humidifier is close to the entrance of the air communication channel, and the heating device is close to the outlet of the air communication channel.
  11. A kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle described in any one of -9 according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the heating device, humidifier and cooling device are linked in sequence, the heating device is close to the entrance of the air communication channel, and the cooling device is close to the outlet of the air communication channel.
  12. A kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle described in any one of -9 according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the cooling device, humidifier and heating device are linked in sequence, the cooling device is close to the entrance of the air communication channel, and the heating device is close to the outlet of the air communication channel.
  13. A kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the temperature sensor for being additionally provided with controller in the air purifier and being electrically connected with the controller, the temperature sensor is used to detect the temperature in the exit of the air communication channel, and the controller adjusts the heating temperature of the heating device according to the testing result of temperature sensor.
  14. A kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the humidity sensor for being additionally provided with controller in the air purifier and being electrically connected with the controller, the humidity sensor is used to detect the humidity at the humidifier, and the controller adjusts the humidification degree of the humidifier according to the testing result of humidity sensor.
  15. A kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle according to claim 10, it is characterized in that, secondary heating mechanism is additionally provided in the air purifier, the secondary heating mechanism is arranged at the humidifier, for improving the saturated humidity of steam at the humidifier.
  16. A kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle according to claim 15, it is characterized in that, the air purifier further includes controller and the air pollutants detection device connecting with the controller, the air pollutants detection device is used to detect the pollutant concentration in air, the controller adjusts the heating temperature of the secondary heating mechanism according to the testing result of the air pollutants detection device, and/or closes the air purifier.
  17. A kind of air-conditioning equipment, it is characterized in that, including a kind of air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle as described in claim 1, the air-conditioning equipment includes evaporator and at least two condensers, one condenser is arranged in outdoor, indoors and the heating device as the air purifier, the evaporator setting is indoors and the cooling device as the air purifier for the setting of at least one condenser.
  18. Air-conditioning equipment according to claim 17, which is characterized in that reversal valve is equipped in the air-conditioning equipment, the refrigerant in the reversal valve control air-conditioning duct circulates one of in the following manner:
    Under pure refrigeration mode, the refrigerant is not passed through the condenser of setting indoors;Alternatively,
    Under pure air purification pattern, the refrigerant, which is not passed through, is arranged in outdoor condenser;Alternatively,
    Freeze under simultaneous air purification mode, the refrigerant flows through in proportion is arranged in the condenser of outdoor condenser and setting indoors.
CN201880003882.3A 2017-11-09 2018-11-08 Air purifier based on steam condensation adsorption principle and with its air-conditioning equipment Pending CN109952473A (en)

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CN201711101078.2A CN107702225B (en) 2017-11-09 2017-11-09 Air purifier based on purify air with water
PCT/CN2018/114536 WO2019091422A1 (en) 2017-11-09 2018-11-08 Air purifier based on steam condensation and adsorption principle and air conditioning apparatus having same

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CN107702225B (en) * 2017-11-09 2021-01-22 曹连国 Air purifier based on purify air with water
CN109091733B (en) * 2018-09-25 2021-04-13 新乡医学院第一附属医院 Medical atomization and oxygenation integrated equipment

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US20200263884A1 (en) 2020-08-20
CN107702225A (en) 2018-02-16

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